42 Photos - May 10, 2010
Photo: Sir William Cavendish 1505 - 1557
In 1547 he married Bess of Hardwick. He sold his property in Suffolk and moved to Bess's native county of Derbyshire. He purchased the Chatsworth estate in 1549 and the couple began to build Chatsworth House in 1552.
By Levey, Santina M., The Embroideries at Hardwick Hall, National Trust, 200Photo: Bess of Hardwick c.1527 – 1608Photo: Elizabethan Chatsworth by Richard Wilson (1713 – 82),
after a lost original.Photo: Hardwick Hall, DerbyshirePhoto: Sir John Bankes - 1589-1644
Lord Chief Justice by Gilbert JacksonPhoto: Mary Bankes (nee Hawtrey) 1598-1661Photo: Corfe Castle siege, Dorset 1645Photo: David, Margaret and Pyers Pennant - ancestors of Thomas Pennant 1726-1798 (so not blood ancestors but we are named after them). Thomas Pennant who wrote of them: 
"David Pennant, esq. of Bychton, sheriff of Flintshire in 1642. This gentleman, during the civil wars, adhered to the royal cause, and held a major's commission in that service. He was an officer in the garrison of Denbigh when it was besieged and taken by my maternal great great grandfather, General Mytton. My loyal ancestor suffered there a long imprisonment Bychton was plundered, and the distress of the family so great, that he was kept from starving by force of conjugal affection, for his wife often walked with a bag of oatmeal from the parish of Whiteford to Denbigh to relieve his wants." • He m. Margaret, daughter and heiress of John Pennant, esq. of Holywell, and by her, who d. in 1710, had issue, Pyers, his heir."Photo: Sir Ralph Bankes 1631-77
by Sir Peter LelyPhoto: Kingston Lacy, DorsetPhoto: Sir William Cavendish, 1640 – 1707
In 1694 he was created 1st Duke of Devonshire for his part in bringing William of Orange to the English throne. Married Lady Mary Butler.Photo: Engraving of Chatsworth (detail),
Kip and Knyff, 1699.Photo: John Ponsonby 1713-1789Photo: A portrait of JOHN BANKES THE ELDER (1665 -1714) by Thredder. Found in the South-East bedroom of Kingston Lacy.Photo: William Cavendish 3rd Duke of Devonshire, 1698-1755, by George Knapton. Following a disastrous fire in 1773, the Duke rebuilt his London home Devonshire House in the new Paladian style promoted by the architect Richard Boyle.
Common ancestor of Prince Charles and Lady DiPhoto: Catherine Hoskins 1698 - 1777, married 3rd Duke of Devonshire, c.1718 (oil on canvas), Charles Jervas  Chatsworth HousePhoto: William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough 1704 - 1793 was the son of Brabazon Ponsonby, 1st Earl of Bessborough and Sarah Margetson. He married Lady Caroline Cavendish. By Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1760.Photo: Lady Caroline Cavendish was born on 22 May 1719.1 She was the daughter of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire and Catherine Hoskins. She married William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough, son of Brabazon Ponsonby, 1st Earl of Bessborough and Sarah Margetson, on 5 July 1739. She died on 20 January 1760 at age 40.1 She was buried at All Saints Church, Derby, Derbyshire, England.     Her married name became Ponsonby. As a result of her marriage, Lady Caroline Cavendish was styled as Countess of Bessborough on 4 July 1758. By Jean Etienne Liotard, 1742Photo: John Thornton by Gainsborough 1782
John Thornton (1720–1790) was a British merchant and Christian philanthropist. More on wikipedia.Photo: George Ponsonby (Privy Councillor) 5 March 1755 – 8 July 1817Photo: Henry Bankes Senior 1698-1776
Owned Corfe Castle and Kinston Lacy.Photo: Ann Catley, 1745–1789,Great Grandmother of PPP's wife Mary Frances Bankes. Anne Catley was born in 1745. Her family lived on Tower Hill where her father was a hackney coachman and her mother a washerwoman. Ann Catley  also known as Ann Lascelles, was an English singer and actress. She took the name Lascelles from Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Lascelles (1744–1799), with whom she had a long relationship but to whom she was never married. In her will she left her property to their eight surviving children.[1]

She was born near Tower Hill, London, and apprenticed aged 15 to William Bates, a composer and singing teacher.[1]

She performed many roles on the London and Dublin stage, until 1782.[1]

She spent her last years living at Little Ealing and died on 14 October 1789.[1]

John O'Keeffe wrote of her: "she was one of the most beautiful women I ever saw: the expression of her eyes, and the smiles and dimples that played round her lips and cheeks, enchanting".[1]Photo: Fryston Hall, Castleford, home of Robert and Joyce Milnes, parents of Elizabeth Milnes who married Samuel ThorntonPhoto: Both Henry Bankes Junior and Samuel Thornton are in this painting of the House of Commons by Karl Anton Hickel 1793-1795. Pitt the Younger is speaking, Thornton and Bankes would have been sitting on his side as Tories. Samuel is on the front bench in a very dark coat close to Pitt (see full portrait in next slide) National Portrait GalleryPhoto: Samuel Thornton 1754–1838
A. Hickel, oils, 1794, original owned by the Bank of EnglandPhoto: Samuel Thornton by Thomas Phillips RA 1815Photo: Samuel Thornton 1754-1838, great great grandfather of Lilla Agnes Rogers, Tory MP for Hull 1784 - 1806, Governor of the Bank of England 1799 - 1801, Tory MP for Surrey 1807-1812 & 1813-1818,
By Charles Turner, pubd 1827Photo: Albury Park Surrey, home of Samuel ThorntonPhoto: Henry Bankes Junior (1757-1834) by Pompeo Batoni 1779-82
 He was educated at Westminster and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, and entered Parliament in 1780 as member for Corfe Castle, for which he continued to sit until in 1826 he was elected for the county of Dorset. At the general election of the same year he was re-chosen. He generally supported Mr. Pitt, and  William Wilberforce. He was a most active and zealous trustee of the British Museum, of which he was generally regarded as the organ and advocate in the House of Commons. In the welfare of his native county he took the warmest and most active interest. He was a staunch supporter of all our national institutions in all their efficiency, but was never reluctant to assist in the removal of proved abuses. He was author of "The Civil and Constitutional History of Rome from the Foundation to the age of Augustus" 2 vols, 8vo. 1818.Photo: Canon George Pearson (1791-1860), Castle Camps Rectory, Cambridgeshire, father of Philip Pennant Pearson later Philip Pennant PennantPhoto: Castle Camps Rectory - home of Rev George PearsonPhoto: Riverhill House, home of John Rogers from 1840Photo: Soughton Hall, Flintshire, home of Rev Edward BankesPhoto: Canon Edward Bankes painted 1841. Born 1795, married Maria Rice 1838.Photo: Frances Woodley 1760-1822 oil on canvas by George Romney - Married Henry Bankes, mother of Canon Edward Bankes,Photo: Elizabeth Falconer	
Birth 1764 -- Lichfield, Staffordshire
Death 8 December 1856 ‎(Age 92)‎ -- Hill Ridware, Staffordshire
Married John Batteridge Pearson 1787Photo: John Batteridge Pearson	 ‎
Birth 27 April 1749 -- Shropshire
Death 13 August 1808 ‎(Age 59)‎ -- Croxall, Derbyshire
married Elizabeth Falconer in 1787Photo: John Thornton by Gainsborough
Thornton was the son of Robert Thornton of Clapham, Surrey, a merchant who became a director of the Bank of England.

He invested heavily in the Russian and Baltic trade and acquired wealth that he donated to Christian ministry causes. A devout Anglican, he espoused evangelical causes, regardless of denomination, and his extensive giving included evangelical ministries in various parts of the world. He is best known as having partly sponsored John Newton, the ex-slave ship trader who became an Anglican priest at Olney, Buckinghamshire from 1764 to 1780, giving him £200 a year. In 1780, he offered Newton the living of St Mary Woolnoth, Lombard Street – the fashionable London church where Newton became established as a noted preacher for over twenty years, and where he ended his days. He also aided Lady Huntingdon in setting up her training college with an interest-free loan.

Thornton was the treasurer of a fund raised in England from 1766 to 1768 by American colonial preachers Samson Occom and Nathaniel Whitaker for Moor's School, an Indian charity school founded by Eleazar Wheelock in Lebanon Crank, Connecticut. Wheelock applied the fund to establish Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, and in 1829 the school named one of its main buildings Thornton Hall. Thornton donated his own money so that Wheelock could build a mansion for the college president in 1771. It still stands at 4 West Wheelock Street.

Thornton travelled extensively and contributed to churches in different parts of the country, including Holy Trinity, Clapham, which was to become the centre for the so-called Clapham Sect of Christian social reformers.

On 28 November 1753 Thornton married Lucy Watson (1722–1785), daughter of Samuel Watson of Hull. They had four children, including Samuel Thornton (1754–1838) a Member of Parliament), and Henry Thornton (1760–1815), banker, economist and Member of Parliament.

John Thornton sustained a fatal injury as a result of an accident at Bath and died on 7 November 1790.Photo: Downing Hall home of Thomas PennantPhoto: Thomas Pennant (14 June OS 1726 – 16 December 1798) was a Welsh naturalist, traveller, writer and antiquarian. He was born and lived his whole life at his family estate, Downing Hall near Whitford, Flintshire in Wales. Not an ancestor but father of David Pennant whose will was inherited by Philip Pennant Pearson on condition he changed his name to Philip Pennant Pennant.

As a naturalist he had a great curiosity, observing the geography, geology, plants, animals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish around him and recording what he saw and heard about. He wrote acclaimed books including British Zoology, the History of Quadrupeds, Arctic Zoology and Indian Zoology although he never travelled further afield than continental Europe. He knew and maintained correspondence with many of the scientific figures of his day. His books influenced the writings of Samuel Johnson. As an antiquarian, he amassed a considerable collection of art and other works, largely selected for their scientific interest. Many of these works are now housed at the National Library of Wales.

As a traveller he visited Scotland and many other parts of Britain and wrote about them. Many of his travels took him to places that were little known to the British public and the travelogues he produced, accompanied by painted and engraved colour plates, were much appreciated. Each tour started at his home and related in detail the route, the scenery, the habits and activities of the people he met, their customs and superstitions and the wildlife he saw or heard about. He travelled on horseback accompanied by his servant, Moses Griffiths, who sketched the things they encountered, later to work these up into illustrations for the books. He was an amiable man with a large circle of friends and was still busily following his interests into his sixties. He enjoyed good health throughout his life and died at Downing at the age of seventy two.Photo: Thomas pennant miniature by Josiah WedgewoodPhoto: Ann Catley