39 Photos - Jan 8, 2014
Photo: Satrajit Ghosh, MITPhoto: Sarajit Ghosh, MITPhoto: Sarajit Ghosh, MITPhoto: White Matter Connectivity; myelinated axons.

Image: Human Connectome Project. LONI UCLA NeuroImaging

Source: http://www.humanconnectomeproject.org/gallery/Photo: Highways of connectivity deep in the brain. White Matter Connectivity; myelinated axons 

Image: Human Connectome Project, LONI UCLA NeuroImaging

Source: http://www.humanconnectomeproject.org/gallery/Photo: fMRI brain scan

For fun, check out fMRI scans of brain regions activated while a viewer watched a Doritos Superbowl commercial: http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/02/06/television-nfl-super-advertising-scans-d-idUSL0549647620070206

Image source: http://www.ign.com/articles/2013/04/05/researchers-in-kyoto-successfully-record-visual-data-from-dreamsPhoto: Hippocampal circuit diagram.  

Image: Toshi Nakashiba, MITPhoto: Cortical Columns

Cell-type-specific 3D reconstruction of five neighboring barrel columns in rat vibrissal cortex.

Image: Marcel Oberlaender et al.Photo: Neuron types in cross section of cortical column in the cerebral cortex. Colors represent different neuron types.

Image: Max Planck Institute Florida

Source: http://www.maxplanckflorida.org/player.html?newsid=79&media=image&item=4Photo: Cortical lamination (layers of cells) sketched by Santiago Ramon y Cajal, the father of modern neuroscience. Cajal came up with the "neural doctrine" or the idea that the brain and central nervous system is made of individual units. We now those units as neurons.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cajal_cortex_drawings.pngPhoto: Neurons in the hippocampus, a part of the brain important for storing memories, light up optogenetically. Image via Steve Ramirez, MITPhoto: Layers of cell bodies and branches in the hippocampus, a part of the brain that plays a role in learning and memory.

Depth coded projection (colour) image of mouse hippocampus sections

Sample courtesy of Yi Zuo, Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology (MCDB) Department, University of California Santa Cruz.

Source:  http://www.flickr.com/photos/75834543@N06/10799673016Photo: Layers of cell bodies and branches in the hippocampus, a part of the brain that plays a role in learning and memory.

Depth coded projection (colour) image of mouse hippocampus sections

Sample courtesy of Yi Zuo, Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology (MCDB) Department, University of California Santa Cruz.

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/zeissmicro/10799673016/Photo: Neurons in the hippocampus. Only some cells are colored. 

Depth coded projection (colour) image of mouse hippocampus sections of thy1-GFP

Sample courtesy of Yi Zuo, Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology (MCDB) department, University of California Santa Cruz.

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/75834543@N06/10799665915Photo: Neurons come in many shapes and sizes!

Depth coded projection (colour) image of mouse hippocampus sections of thy1-GFP

Sample courtesy of Yi Zuo, Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology (MCDB) department, University of California Santa Cruz.

Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/75834543@N06/10799674936Photo: Layers of cell bodies and branches in the hippocampus, a part of the brain that plays a role in learning and memory.

Image: Tamily Weissman 

Source: http://www.conncad.com/gallery/brainbow.htmlPhoto: Drew Berry
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zXLeJFu57WgPhoto: Photo: Photo: Neuron layers in retina. Mapped by EyeWirersPhoto: Neurons often appear in layers in the brain. At the bottom of this image you see a layer of cell bodies Above them the branches also occur in a layer. 

Image: Hermina Nedelescu, Layer of purkinge cells. Purkinje cells in the adult cerebellum.

Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hoJxgOdW3-YPhoto: 114 Bipolar Cells (neurons) in Mouse Retina.

Image: Moritz Helmstaedter, Max Planck InstiturePhoto: Image from Nedivi Lab website ()http://web.mit.edu/nedivi-lab/pubs.htm)Photo: New addition to our scale of the brain gallery from Nedivi et al. Image illustrates gorgeous output of multi-photon microscopyPhoto: Neuron in the cortex (gray matter).

Rat cortical neuron stained with Chicken antibody to NF-H (green).

Image: EnCor BiotechnologyPhoto: Purkinje Neurons by physicist Dmitry Sarkisov

"This is a composite image of five Purkinje neurons from the rat cerebellum, in the back of the brain. Each has been filled with fluorescent dye through a glass pipette, shown touching the cells. Images were taken on a two-photon microscope. Each Purkinje cell receives hundreds of thousands of inputs through its dendrite, the elaborate tree-like structure seen emerging from the cell body."

Source: http://www.princeton.edu/~artofsci/gallery/Photo: Image: A rat Purkinje neuron injected with a fluorescent dye. Purkinje neurons are the major output neurons of the cerebellum.
enlarge image

© 2010 Testuya Tatsukawa

Source: http://www.rikenresearch.riken.jp/eng/hom/6236Photo: neurons mapped by gamers in eyewire 

Explore them in 3D by signing in on EyeWire.org, selecting "start playing" and clicking "return to overview" in the top left corner.

Source: http://eyewire.org/Photo: Synapses at neuromuscular junctions. presynaptic active zone, glutamate receptors, presynaptic membrane

Image by of Jan Pielage, Friedrich Miescher Institute (FMI)Photo: Spiny dendrites (synapses are at the end of each of the spiny projections)  from hippocampal pyramidal neuron.

Image: Fiala J.C., Harris K. M. (1999) Dendrite Structure. In Dendrites (eds. G. Stuart, N. Spruston, M. Häusser), Oxford University Press.

Found at http://synapses.clm.utexas.edu/anatomy/dendrite/dendrite.stmPhoto: A synapse from EyeWire
.
Image: Jinseop Kim, Seung Lab, MIT

Source: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/104083442409040201683/photos/104083442409040201683/albums/5862119614724765073Photo: Synapse between two cells.

Blue is a ganglion neuron and yellow is a starburst amacrine cell. 

Mapped by gamers in EyeWire.
Image by Alex Norton.

Source: https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/104083442409040201683/photos/104083442409040201683/albums/5862119614724765073Photo: Inside a synapse. 

A colorized scanning electron microscope picture of a nerve ending that has been broken open to reveal the synaptic vesicles (orange and blue) beneath the cell membrane (green).

Modification of work by Tina Carvalho, NIH-NIGMS; scale-bar data from Matt Russell

Source: http://www.cellimagelibrary.org/images/214Photo: Synaptic vesicle (surface proteins surround a hollow sphere that would be filled with neurotransmitters). Vesicles are released across the synaptic cleft and form the basis of neuron communication.

Image: Matthew HoltPhoto: Parts of the brain

Image: webMDPhoto: Cortical Layers (layers of cells in cerebral cortex, gray matter).

 Image: Netter, Ciba Collection of Medical Illustrations   Source unknownPhoto: More hippocampal circuits.

Diagram: MacIver Lab, Stanford

Source: http://www.stanford.edu/group/maciverlab/hippocampal.htmlPhoto: diagram of a synapse

Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1225_Chemical_Synapse.jpgPhoto: how an ion channel works

Source: http://cnx.org/content/m44748/latest/