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Neuronal activity in the prefrontal cortex represents every experience as “novel.” The neurons adapt their activity accordingly, even if the new experience is very similar to a previous one.
That is the main finding of a study conducted by researchers from MedUni Vienna’s Division of Cognitive Neurobiology and recently published in the leading journal Nature Communications.
As far as the brain is concerned, every experience is unique, no matter how similar it is to an earlier one. The neurons in the prefrontal cortex will be active each time, just as if the experience was entirely new explains study author Hugo Malagon-Vina from the Division of Cognitive Neurobiology at MedUni Vienna’s Center for Brain Research.
Potential neuronal activity “mismatching” during this process might lead to the phenomenon of déjà vu, explains Malagon-Vina.
This has now been demonstrated by the MedUni Vienna researchers for the first time, using an animal model. They recorded and analysed the activity of around 300 neurons.

Nothing is ever perceived in the same way twice
Of course, there is memory says Malagon-Vina. But the brain needs flexibility, so that it can constantly adapt. This is achieved by each event being perceived as new.
From a philosophical perspective, says the MedUni Vienna researcher, an analogous explanation is provided by a quote from the old Greek philosopher Heraclitus: No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man. Malagon-Vina explains that He (Heraclitus) was referring to the ambiguity that deliberate actions and plans are never perceived in the same way, no matter how similar they were to each other.
At the same time, this flexibility, and the experience of uniqueness, allows people to experience feelings of joy or surprise or the so-called “wow” effect, says Malagon-Vina.
The results also show that the brain is able to perceive lifelong experiences as something new, so long as the neuronal activity is not impaired by a disease.
According to the MedUni Vienna brain researcher, this is an argument in favour of staying mentally active into old age. Neurons are always ready to “adapt” in the face of new knowledge and to process new experiences as unique.

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Bella Hadid is the best super model of current era

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Go behind the scenes this week with Manchester City. We give you exclusive training sessions ahead of the Carabao Cup Final against Arsenal, The Under 19s are involved in a dramatic penalty shoot out and former City defender Joleon Lescott takes on a FIFA challenge!Subscribe for FREE and never miss another Man City video.

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Iridium Browser: A Browser for the Privacy Conscience
Brief: Iridium is a web browser based on Chromium project. It has been customized to not share your data and thus keeping your privacy intact.

Google Chrome is one of the most popular web browsers in use today. People like it because it is quick and highly customizable. However, many people are leery of using it because Chrome tends to send lots of user information home to the massive Google servers. (You didn’t think that Google built these huge data centers to store cat videos, did you?) Thankfully, there is an alternative for those who are privacy conscious.

Suggested read

Mozilla Says It is Raising Privacy Awareness By Violating Privacy of Users

What is Iridium?

Iridium Browser is a browser based on the Chromium project. This is the same project that Google Chrome is based on. The difference is that the Iridium team modified the code to make it respect your privacy.

Iridium is not a fly-by-night project. It is backed by the Open Source Business Alliance. According to Iridium, the OSBA has around 190 members.

Here is a list of the many enhancements the project made to the Chromium code.

Increase RSA keysize to 2048 bits for self-signed certificates

Generate a new WebRTC identity for each connection instead of reusing identities for 30 days

Generate a new ECDHE keypair for each WebRTC connection instead of reusing them for multiple connections

Disable using system-provided plugins (i.e. Java, Flash, etc.)

Disable “Use a web service to help resolve navigation errors”

Disable autocomplete through prediction service when typing in Omnibox

Always send “Do-Not-Track” header

Network/DNS prediction is disabled by default

Block third-party cookies by default

Fetch plugins list from where it will be updated regularly

Site data (cookies, local storage, etc.) is only kept until exit, by default

Passwords are not stored by default

Input form autofill is disabled by default

For IPv6 probes, use a DNS root server instead of Google

The default search provider is Qwant

Load “about:blank” on new tabs instead of the currently set search engine and/or promotions.

Don’t report Safe Browsing overrides.

Don’t use autofill download service.

Disable cookies for safe browsing background requests.

Disable the battery status API.

Disable background mode

Disable EV certificates, so they are shown just like “normal” certificates

Disable Google cloud printing

Disable Google hot word detection

Disable Google experiments status check

Disable Google translation service

Disable Google promotion fetching

Disable Google Cloud Messaging (GCM) status check

Disable Google Now

Disable automatic update check

Disable profile-import on first run

Network/DNS prediction is disabled by default

Let user confirm downloading translation dictionaries from Google

Always prompt for download directory

Don’t ask to send settings to Google by default on profile reset

Show all extensions (including internals) in chrome://extensions.

Since Iridium is based on Chromium, you can make use of any of the plugins on the Chrome Web Store.

Suggested read

Tutanota: Encrypted Open Source Email Service for Privacy Minded People

Iridium is available for Windows, macOS, Debian, Mint, Ubuntu, openSUSE, Fedora, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and CentOS. They offer both an installer and a portable version for Window. Iridium is not available for any mobile operating systems.

Experiencing Iridium browser

Overall, I had a good experience with Iridium. I was able to install all four of the extensions that I use. I did not have any trouble visiting the page that I wanted to look at. A yellow notification flashed up a few times while I was in the Chrome Web Store to show me where I was being redirected to. Since I was in the Chrome Web Store it was not a problem.

One cosmetic issue that I noticed was that the branding was inconsistent. Some places said Iridium while others said Chromium. Whenever I see this on a forked project, I think to myself “I wonder if the devs ever heard of find & replace”.

I was also surprised by the fact that there was an option to sign into your Google account. So I tried to take advantage of backing up my passwords and bookmarks from Chrome.

But here’s a catch! The option to sign in to Google account is there but it doesn’t work. It never really signs into. You are not linked to Google account at all. I wonder why the developers kept this option because it is sure going to confuse people.

Useless Sign in option to Google account

A word on Chrome extensions. I know that the Tor Browser recommends against adding extra extensions because they may be sending your information to other parties. I think the same is the case with Iridium which cannot do much against the third party extensions you add on your own.

Suggested read

Librem 5 is a Security and Privacy Focused Smartphone Based on Linux

Final thoughts on Iri…

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A growing number of journalists and academics are finding themselves unable to report and conduct research across the world as prickly governments use travel bans and visa delays — often in the name of national security — to limit their movements and block their entry.

For some of us, it is making it difficult to work. I now find myself banned from Turkey, unable to enter the United States and unable to get a journalist visa from the Syrian government. The Syrian and Turkish governments frequently deny passports and visas to intimidate and humiliate their own citizens, and to deter journalists from writing uncomfortable things.

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Moon inside Winter Circle February 24 - Tonight – February 24, 2018 – the waxing gibbous moon shines inside a large asterism that we in the Northern Hemisphere often call the Winter Circle. It’s a very large star configuration made of brilliant winter stars. Around the world on this night, the moon is inside the Circle. From anywhere in the Northern Hemisphere, look for this pattern to fill up much of the eastern half of sky at nightfall. By mid-evening, the Winter Circle will swing to your...

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Kyle O’Quinn denies taking illegal loan while in college

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Samsung is copying Apple again, but this time not for features.

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It seems like both phones will launch in China soon, while one of them, or both of them, will offer an enhanced cameras.

#xiaomi #redminote5 #camera #news #android

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NBA wrap: Friday games show the center position is alive and thriving: Two men in particular showed off their wide array of skills some guards don't even possess.

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For the last decade, the mobile market has been under complete lockdown. Unless you were Android or iOS, you didn't stand a chance at making much of a run at success. Canonical failed miserably with the Ubuntu Phone. Blackberry had to resort to their own take on Android. Firefox OS couldn't even get off the ground.
And yet, thanks to the Purism Librem 5, there's another attempt at creating an open source mobile platform on the horizon. Many of us prognosticators and pundits have been ansty to see what's to come for this platform, and finally someone has made some headway, and that's KDE. The platform is Plasma Mobile. From the looks of it, KDE is on to something.
I'm going to preface this by saying I worked with Plasma Mobile on a VirtualBox VM, which is obviously not the target environment. Couple that with the fact this is a very early release and you have one unstable operating system.
However unstable Plasma Mobile may be at the moment, it offers a glimpse into what is in store for the platform, and it's pretty impressive. Where Canonical attempted and failed miserably to complete reinvent the wheel, Plasma Mobile uses what KDE does best and reworks it into a metaphor that functions very well for the mobile space. Of course, by "functions very well" I can only assume that it's not very useful at the moment.

How to test
KDE released the first-ever ISO image of Plasma Mobile. You can download the image here, and then create a standard virtual machine. I will say, after a quick IRC conversation, the developers warned me VirtualBox is not the best environment to use for this image (due to Wayland issues).
To get the most out of the image, it's best to use QEMU/KVM. Since VirtualBox is my VM tool of choice, I'm going to stick with that and offer up a cursory glance at what Plasma Mobile has to offer. What I saw was enough to tell me that the KDE development team has created something that could seriously make some noise in the mobile landscape.
I will add that installing the ISO image onto a dedicated laptop offered a much better experience, although still far from ready for prime time.
Let's take a look.
The Plasma Mobile desktop
What KDE has done is reform the Plasma Desktop into an edition that would function well on smaller, touch-centric hardware. They offer a simple homescreen, that offers a notification shade, a straightforward dock, and quick access to an app drawer.
Swipe up or, if you're running Plasma Mobile in a virtual machine, scroll down, to reveal the app drawer...
As you might expect, within the app drawer, you have access to all the installed applications, which isn't many at the moment. Should you not find what you want, click on the Discover app and install an app from the standard repositories.

What's to like?
There's a lot here to like. First and foremost, this is a Linux platform, not Android running on top of a Linux kernel. Plasma Mobile allows for you to install full-blown desktop applications. For anyone in need of getting serious work done, when a mobile device is the only option, Plasma Mobile could wind up being the ideal solution. If you're a developer on the go, you'd have everything you need.
Second, the KDE team has done an outstanding job of migrating KDE to a mobile interface. It works very well outside of the usual alpha-release hurdles. Getting to and starting applications is seamless. The pull-down notification shade gives you quick access to everything you need, and applications, when they do run, work exactly as you would expect. What we have here is exponentially better than Ubuntu Scopes (which, I believe, was the primary reason the Ubuntu Phone was never going to succeed).
What's most impressive about Plasma Mobile, however, is the simple fact that the developers have managed to take a Linux desktop, reframe it around mobile hardware, and make it work quite well. That's a feat of note, one that hasn't seen much success to date. There is absolutely no question that this interface will be as user-friendly as those found on either Android or iOS.

What's not to like?
This section should be listed with a huge asterisk. Why? Because the not to like are all brought about by two issues:
Plasma Mobile is very much an alpha-level product
My testing was done on either a laptop or virtual machine (neither of which are the target platforms)
That being said, Plasma Mobile has a very long way to go before it's ready. Applications either don't run, or do run and then crash the desktop (which, again, is a product of running a Wayland platform on VirtualBox).
I was also never able to get the installer Calamares to successfully run, so I was always testing from a live instance of the platform. Launching Calamares on either a VM or on dedicated hardware did nothing more then spin its wheels.

This could be something special
Having much else to say about Plasma Mobile is challenging, as it's nearly impossible to truly kick the tires without it being on the necessary target hardware. Even so, getting a glimpse into what the developers are doing, in preparation for the Librem 5, is a sight to behold. Major kudos to the KDE team. If the Librem 5 does make it to final production, and Plasma Mobile is either the default or easily installed, this could be something special.
We are long overdue for a complete desktop operating system on mobile hardware. If that OS happens to be Plasma Mobile, we'll certainly have a winner on our hands.

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YouTube keeps removing the video that shows David Hogg rehearsing his lines and asking for retakes, because they have a policy of "harassment and persecution." But this video shows neither!

YouTube's policy is in fact:

- A "burn the books" policy, which restricts free access to information
- Pushes governmental propaganda
- Helps re-write history
- Helps implement unconstitutional laws against the people

Together with Facebook and Google, this demonic censorship trio acts like the inquisition. The employees that work on these algorithms should be ashamed of their actions and SPEAK UP!

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Opera browser beta What's New
Fixed Youtube video problem on LG phones

#opera #operabrowser #webbrowser #internetbrowser #androidbrowser

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Nanda was a Human female from Naboo who served as an ensign in the Galactic Empire during the Galactic Civil War. A few months after the Battle of Yavin, she worked as Darth Vader's aide during a five-day mission to find and punish every person the Sith Lord considered as responsible for the infiltration of Rebel agent Kell Bircher into the Imperial Navy ranks.

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This is how Samsung's iPhone X Killer looks.

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Linux is built for tinkering and experimentation, which means it’s always morphing and changing. New distros are popping up all the time, because all it takes is a little bit of determination, time and effort to create a custom operating system.
Not all of them hit the mark, there are stacks of Linux distros that have seen little to no action, and we’re almost certain that some have been released and never installed by anyone other than their creator.
Other alternative distros, though, fare rather better. Look at the success of Linux Mint which spun off from Ubuntu to become (at times) arguably more popular than its own parent. Indeed, Ubuntu itself grew from Debian, and its niche offshoots (distros like Ubuntu Studio) have seen good levels of interest. If there’s a market out there for your distro, there’s traction to be had.
So let’s look at our pick of the five distros moving up swiftly through the ranks in 2018. Some of these might eventually become the best Linux distros out there, whereas some might fade away, but it won’t cost you a penny to try them out.

1. Antergos
Live on the bleeding edge with this majestic Arch-based offering
Supports multiple desktop environmentsEasy-to-use custom installerNo default office suite
Antergos is built on top of Arch and like its parent caters to bleeding-edge users. Package updates are made available the moment they’re deemed stable.
Antergos is a rising star thanks to its default configuration options and easy setup process compared to Arch. The custom installer, Cnchi, installs the Gnome 3 desktop by default, but also allows you to select from five other desktop environments if you prefer something else.
It also downloads and installs the essentials for playing media and other useful applications. Antergos has no default office suite but can make use of the LibreOffice Installer for Arch Linux. The OS is very popular in Spain and throughout Europe as it boasts multi-language support.
The project has come a long way since its early days, when it was a single-desktop distro known as Cinnarch an amalgamation of the Arch environment and the easy-to-use Cinnamon desktop.
*Antergos follows a rolling release model, so once you've installed the latest version (currently 18.2), you won't need to perform any large upgrades again. *

2. Deepin
A good-looking OS boasting a range of custom apps
Outstanding desktop interfaceMany useful toolsCustom tools may take some time to learn to use
Deepin (formerly known as Linux Deepin and HiWeed Linux) describes itself as ‘outstanding from inside out’.
It's a Chinese-developed distro focusing on simplicity and elegance. Until 2015 Deepin was based on Ubuntu, but it’s now a Debian-based distro.
The OS uses a desktop environment called DDE (Deepin Desktop Environment) based on the Qt 5 toolkit combined with the Mutter Window Manager, the overall crisp look and feel is very reminiscent of macOS. The desktop supports hot corners and incorporates a number of widgets to display information such as the weather and app notifications.
The latest release of Deepin (15.5) incorporates HiDPI meaning it supports all HD displays. It also comes with a brand new design for the Control Center and desktop. Deepin is only available for 64-bit systems as a 3.2GB ISO. You can boot this in Live mode and the installer is extremely easy-to-use.

3. MX Linux
Fast, user-friendly and reliable
Uses lightweight Xfce desktopGood selection of bundled appsSetting up USB persistence can be tricky
MX Linux is described as a ‘midweight’ distribution which means it's both easy on the eye and not too hungry when it comes to chomping system resources.
The current version of MX Linux is 17 (codename Horizon). It was released in June 2017 and is based on Debian 9.3 (Stretch). It includes some very respectable default applications such as Mozilla’s Firefox web browser and Thunderbird email client. MX also includes both the VLC and Clementine media players making it capable of playing a large variety of media out of the box. The LibreOffice office suite is also included.
You can install extra programs with a click of your mouse using the MX Package installer which contains a mixture of applications from the Debian Stable/Testing repositories, as well as a few others which have been chosen by the developers.
Although the desktop environment uses the simplistic Xfce, you may find this hard to believe at first due to its elegance. This doesn't take away from its speed as menus and windows open almost instantly.
MX Linux can run from a Live DVD or USB if you want to test it before installing. If you use a USB stick, you can also use Persistence to create a custom OS that you can carry around with you.
MX is available for both 32-bit and 64-bit systems. Your machine will need at least 2GB of RAM to run the OS smoothly.

4. Subgraph
Locks down your system via sandboxing and anonymizing
Elegant look and feelKernel has been hardened using GrsecurityOS is in alpha and has some vulnerabilities
Subgraph is a bit different in that it’s a rising star of a Linux distro which is designed specifically for privacy. The developers stress that it's still in development but the OS holds great promise for privacy lovers.
Subgraph's kernel has been hardened using Grsecurity, which is widely regarded as one of the most secure Linux cores in the world today. This hugely reduces the chances of becoming a victim of DMA (Direct Memory Access) attacks, which is one of the most common methods hackers use to attempt to gain control of a computer.
Applications such as the Tor browser or IceDove email client are sandboxed using a system named ‘Oz’, giving you an extra layer of protection if an app should be compromised. You can also use specialised whitelists and blacklists to determine which applications are allowed to run.
All internet traffic is routed through the anonymising Tor network, which makes it extremely difficult to trace your location, but will slow down your connection speed to some extent.
Unlike some other distros of its type, Subgraph is quite easy on the eyes, using the Gnome desktop environment and Xpra to provide a simple but attractive interface.
Despite all its privacy enhancing features which supposedly function out of the box, Subgraph is still alpha software and should not be relied upon to secure any truly important information.
In April 2017, Joanna Rutkowska the creator of Qubes, together with security researcher Micah Lee were able to circumvent Subgraph's security by running a malicious app in the Nautilus file manager, which isn't sandboxed. This attack would also work on other privacy-oriented distros such as Tails.
The Subgraph team has yet to develop a patch for this exploit, but has pointed out that the OS is still a work in progress. Subgraph nevertheless remains easy-to-use and works seamlessly, with all the heavy lifting done in the background security-wise.

5. Debian
For those who put a premium on stability
Extremely stable OSGnome Shell is clean and easy-to-useCan’t use most recent versions of apps
We can hear you shouting from here. “But TechRadar,” you bellow, “Debian is massive! How can you call it ‘rising’?” Here’s how: it is definitely a rising distro. While Ubuntu did a great job bringing Linux to the masses, many users brought on board by its orange-and-brown glitz and glamour have moved away thanks to a few controversial changes. The natural post-Ubuntu route, given the huge amount of shared DNA, is its parent OS, Debian.
Debian packages are selected for their stability. Any 'testing' version of Debian must first go through a 'freezing' process where no new packages are added before it is granted the honour of becoming a fully-fledged 'stable' version. This is the case with Debian 9 Stretch (named after the purple octopus from Toy Story), which became the current ‘stable’ distribution of Debian in July 2017.
The new Gnome desktop environment and huge selection of software from the Debian repos mean that Debian 9 is definitely suitable for day-to-day use, although some of the packages are quite dated. If you prefer to remain on the bleeding edge, consider trying out the ‘testing’ distro of Debian which is codenamed Buster.
Debian only incorporates 'free' software which means that if you use proprietary firmware, for example, for your Wi-Fi card, you may need to use the 'non-free' repositories or manually download drivers yourself. (This could be very tricky if the device with missing drivers is the machine you use to connect to the internet, for obvious reasons). If you don't feel comfortable tinkering with drivers, choose a distro with better support for non-free hardware such as Antergos.

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Really looking forward to what New Horizons will find in the Kuiper Belt. :)

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Mike Pence is now spreading the lie that there is universal agreement in the law enforcement community that Russian interference had no impact on the outcome of the election.

Director of National intelligence James Clapper clearly states that there was no such assessment undertaken in the investigation.

The video exposes the fact that Pence is making claims of assessment results that simply don't exist.

Video 11 min 30 seconds
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