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Cambridge Analytica ignored US ban on foreigners working on elections, and told employees to lie to to Customs and use tourist visas. This despite being told by lawyers it was illegal. Perhaps Bannon should stay indefinitely on his Europe tour?

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What is your favourite desktop Linux distribution?

Vote at

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What might alien music sound like? Would it be structured hierarchically as our music is with verses and a chorus? Would we even be able to appreciate it? Vincent Cheung, a doctoral student at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, thinks the answer would be yes, assuming it was predicated on local and non-local dependencies. His research published this week in Scientific Reports explains what exactly that means.

Vincent Cheung, along with Angela Friederici, Stefan Koelsch, and Lars Meyer, has been investigating non-local dependencies in music and trying to determine how the human brain processes them. In language and music, dependencies are conceptual threads that bind two things together. Non-local dependencies bind non-adjacent items. For example, in pop music, the second instance of a verse, following a chorus, would have a non-local dependency with the first instance of the verse. Experientially, it is clear to us that we are hearing a sequence that we have heard before. According to Cheung, composers use such devices to build up our expectations and elicit strong emotional responses to the music. But how does the brain recognize these patterns and what does this have to do with Paul Broca?

Paul Broca was a famous French physician and anatomist whose work with aphasic patients in the 1800s led to the discovery of Broca’s area; a small patch of the cerebral cortex just above the temple, specifically on the left side of the brain. Broca’s area is critical for speech production and for the processing of, you guessed it, dependencies in language. For example, Broca’s area is active when we detect violations to our well-learned grammatical rules. Surprisingly, despite Broca’s area being one of the most studied human brain regions, neuroscientists are still not exactly sure what the same region does, on the other side of the brain.

Theory suggests the right hemisphere equivalent, or homologue, of Broca’s area plays a similar role but for the processing of music instead of language. However, researchers have had difficulty demonstrating this, partly due to an inability to tease apart contributions of local and non-local dependencies to the structural hierarchy of the music. Enter Vincent Cheung’s alien music.

Of course, Mr. Cheung doesn’t really have authentic music from a distant world but that is how he referred to the music he developed for his study. He created a novel ‘genre’ of music described as, “randomly generated combinations of tone-triplets that were combined in a palindrome-like manner”. While that may not sound very pleasant, the short stimuli were actually quite pleasing to the ear. Vincent’s stimuli allowed the team to overcome the confounding hurtle of local dependencies. Importantly, there were sequences that conformed to a fabricated musical grammar as well as sequences that did not. This opened the door to determining where in the brain musical, non-local, dependencies are processed.

Musicians of varying expertise were invited to the laboratory to listen to Cheung’s short compositions. Their task was to guess whether individual sequences were grammatical, or not, and through their correct and incorrect responses, determine the underlying grammatical rule. Once the rule was learned participants were invited to perform the task in an MRI scanner, allowing the researchers to see which brain areas were recruited. The researchers hypothesized bilateral activation of the inferior frontal gyrus, the anatomical structure housing Broca’s area, during ungrammatical sequences compared to grammatical sequences. A clever manipulation also allowed them to dissociate between the processing of the non-local dependencies and the sheer demand on working memory. The complexity of the sequences was systematically varied such that more information would need to be held in memory in certain conditions.

The results, published in Scientific Reports this week, were consistent with their predictions, plus one surprise. The so-called Inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) was activated more during sequences which were ungrammatical than grammatical, although brain activity was more weighted towards the right hemisphere. That is, the brain became more active in the IFG during grammatical violations of the learned rule, but that tended to be more on the right than in Broca’s area on the left. Frontal and parietal regions with known roles in working memory were also found to underlie the complexity dimension of the task. Interestingly, the researchers found that the degree of functional connectivity, between brain regions involved in detecting grammatical violations and those related to working memory, predicted the performance accuracy of the participants in determining whether a sequence was grammatical or not. This suggests the task is accomplished through the integration of information in memory with some form of neural computation of the musical grammar in the right homologue of Broca’s area.

Vincent Cheung, first author of the underlying study, suggests the importance of the work lies in demonstrating that neurons capable of encoding non-local dependencies are not ‘supra-modal’. Rather, subpopulations seem to be geared for different stimulus types, now including music.

*This article has been republished from materials provided by Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences. Note: material may have been edited for length and content. For further information, please contact the cited source.

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Oh, okay: "We didn't say there wasn't any. We said we found no evidence - because we didn't look." 😒

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Putting a Name to a Face

Everyone has experienced the awkward situation of meeting someone and then forgetting their name shortly after. Among older adults, this happens more often than not.

The research is in Psychology and Aging. (full access paywall)

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//.Game Recap: Men's Basketball | .//
//.3/17/2018 7:12:00 PM | Guy Ramsey.//

''Cats Race Past Buffalo into Sweet 16.''

Story Links
Sweet 16
Next Game:

vs. Sweet 16

3/22/2018 |

BOISE, Idaho
The Sweet 16 is familiar ground for Kentucky.

Even when you've made it there in seven of the last nine years and 26 times since 1975, it still lives up to its name: sweet.

"It's great," Wenyen Gabriel said. "I feel like we got all the momentum in the world right now. Young team, had a ton of naysayers. This has really brought us together. When you have a team like this full of young, talented guys and you're together like this, I feel like you're on top of the world."

An offensive tour de force landed UK in the Sweet 16 this time, with the fifth-seeded Wildcats thriving inside and out in a second-round matchup with No. 13 Buffalo at Taco Bell Arena. UK (26-10) shot 56.3 percent and scored their third-most points of the season to tally a 95-75 victory over Buffalo (27-9) and book a trip to Atlanta for the South Regional.

"Today they were good," Coach Cal said. "… It's rewarding to see individuals do what they're doing. But it's also rewarding to get them to understand they need each other, because this is a team sport."

The confident – and vocal – Bulls said going in they would run with the Cats, just as they did in upsetting fourth-seeded Arizona on Thursday. UK embraced the opportunity to play an up-tempo game after opponents spent most of the season trying to force them into grinding it out.

"We just try to come out and try to prove everybody wrong, and that's what we did today," Hamidou Diallo said. "And can't feel better about this one."

Buffalo gamely held its own on the other end of the floor, but UK's ability to score at will was too much to overcome. The Cats scored 1.28 points per possession, their fourth most of the season, and XX points in the paint, including eight dunks and 13 layups.

UK appeared poised to turn the game into a blowout on a couple occasions, but the Bulls managed to shoot their way back in each time. In spite of foul trouble the Cats managed to hang on, never trailing after Buffalo scored the first basket 32 seconds into the game.

"There will still be experiences in this tournament as we go forward that they've never faced and I have to try to talk them through it," Calipari said. "I told them at halftime Buffalo is going to make a run. They may tie the game up. So what, just keep playing. They made their run and got it to six, they may have made it to four. I said, 'This is what happens in this stuff, you've got to keep playing.' "

More often than not, Shai Gilgeous-Alexander was the one to steady the ship for UK. He scored 27 points on 10-of-12 shooting, including a 3-pointer in the first half to quiet the crowd and a "shhh" gesture to match.

"I knew before the game the crowd was against us," Gilgeous-Alexander said. "They were cheering for the underdogs and they had gone on a little run. The crowd was screaming. They were hollering. It was the loudest I heard it all game. And then the next play, I came down and hit a 3, I think, and I just silenced the crowd and I let them know that I silenced them."

He had another similar 3 with the lead at five with just under 10 minutes left in the game, this time forgoing the rare show emotion afterward. The next time Buffalo cut the lead to five, he scored three points the old-fashioned way with an and-one.

"We needed somebody to step up and he was somebody who stepped up," Kevin Knox said. "He did a really good job of getting to the basket, getting everybody involved and he's one of the best point guards in the country. I'm proud of him, the way he's grown throughout the year. He led us to the Sweet 16 today."

With Gilgeous-Alexander having almost every answer and Hamidou Diallo (22 points and eight rebounds) and Gabriel (16 points and 12 rebounds) stepping up when he didn't, UK was finally able to wrest permanent control away from the Bulls. The Cats closed the game by outscoring Buffalo 23-8, sparing Kentucky fans a dramatic finish.

"I think that just comes with experience and us knowing our roles," Gilgeous-Alexander said. "We know exactly what we need to do to win and once things get tight we kind of focus a little more and narrow in on what we need to do."

UK will now carry that focus forward into the Sweet 16, where the Wildcats will face either No. 9 seed Kansas State or No. 16 UMBC on Thursday. A big contingent of UK fans figures to follow the Cats to "Catlanta," where they will watch a team that has come to give them lots to cheer about.

"Just our growth throughout the season has really shown," Knox said. "We're starting to play in big-time environments. We're starting to play together more on both ends of the basketball court. It's fun to watch, it's great to see and I'm glad we're growing over the season."

Atlanta Ticket Info

Tickets for the regional semifinal games in Atlanta can be purchased by visiting Fans will find complete ticket information for all NCAA sites, including information on NCAA Ticket Exchange, the official secondary marketplace for authentic NCAA Tournament tickets. Student ticket information will be posted online at later on Sunday, March 18th.


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Captain Marvel Confirmed by Directors for Avengers Infinity War!

#marvel   #mcu  

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Physically fit women nearly 90 percent less likely to develop dementia

Women with high physical fitness at middle age were nearly 90 percent less likely to develop dementia decades later, compared to women who were moderately fit, according to a study published the March 14, 2018, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study measured the women's cardiovascular fitness based on an exercise test. When the highly fit women did develop dementia, they developed the disease an average of 11 years later than women who were moderately fit, or at age 90 instead of age 79. "These findings are exciting because it's possible that improving people's cardiovascular fitness in middle age could delay or even prevent them from developing dementia," said study author Helena Hörder, Ph.D., of the University of Gothenburg in Gothenburg, Sweden. "However, this study does not show cause and effect between cardiovascular fitness and dementia, it only shows an association. More research is needed to see if improved fitness could have a positive effect on the risk of dementia and also to look at when during a lifetime a high fitness level is most important." For the study, 191 women with an average age of 50 took a bicycle exercise test until they were exhausted to measure their peak cardiovascular capacity. The average peak workload was measured at 103 watts. A total of 40 women met the criteria for a high fitness level, or 120 watts or higher. A total of 92 women were in the medium fitness category; and 59 women were in the low fitness category, defined as a peak workload of 80 watts or less, or having their exercise tests stopped because of high blood pressure, chest pain or other cardiovascular problems. Over the next 44 years, the women were tested for dementia six times. During that time, 44 of the women developed dementia. Five percent of the highly fit women developed dementia, compared to 25 percent of moderately fit women and 32 percent of the women with low fitness. The highly fit women were 88 percent less likely to develop dementia than the moderately fit women. Among the women who had to stop the exercise test due to problems, 45 percent developed dementia decades later.

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Just released a new completely redesigned version of Visuino - Graphical Development for Arduino - 7_8_2_230 with improved Graphics support

Reduced memory usage by the Sequence component
Improved Graphics support

Added new experimental user code component in the Visuino Pro version available in the G+ Community

Updated version of the Visuino Component Development SDK is also available in the G+ Community and the Facebook Beta group:

#Visuino #Arduino

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Beginning to narrow down which top QB Jets will draft

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S hw'mmhalle


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tire with a past

#spectrumsunday by +Laura Ockel +Spectrum Sunday

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Common infections a bigger heart disease and stroke risk than obesity

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Want legs for days? Try these polished heels.

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Leprechaun Rob Gronkowski crashes reporter’s St. Patrick’s Day party

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Rajon Rondo fires back at Ray Allen: 'He wants to stay relevant': Rajon Rondo had some strong thoughts about the excerpts from Ray Allen's new book.

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Data Leak Puts Facebook Under Intensifying Scrutiny on Two Continent

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BREAKING: Vladimir Putin is addressing supporters in Moscow on his election victory

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James Kallstrom: Sigh of relief at FBI after McCabe fired @FBI @SundayFutures @FoxNews

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Are we closer to a constitutional crisis? For the first time, Donald Trump is going after Robert Mueller by name, perhaps laying out a case to dismiss him. GOP Senator Lindsey Graham says that would be "the beginning of the end of the Trump presidency.

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Perspective | I Went To Prison For Disclosing The CIA’s Torture. Gina Haspel Helped Cover It Up.

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Tecate Promoting
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