Nikah namah will not be accepted as proof of marriage for visa and passport.

Introduction of Nikah and Muslim Law In Chennai,India
Muslim Law in India means " that portion of Islamic Civil Law which is applied to Muslims as a personal law". It consists of injunctions of Quran and has been further supplemented and modified by state Legislation and modern judicial precedents of the High Courts and the Supreme Court of India and also of the Privy Council.

Marriage/'Nikah' according to Muslim Law is a contract underlying a permanent relationship based on mutual consent.
Essential Features
A Muslim marriage requires proposal (Ijab) from one party and acceptance (Qubul) from the other as is required for a contract. Moreover there can be no marriage without free consent and such consent should not be obtained by means of coercion, fraud or undue influence.
Just as in case of contract, entered by a guardian, on attaining majority, so can a marriage contract in Muslim Law, be set aside by a minor on attaining the age of puberty.
The parties to a Muslim marriage may enter into any ante-nuptial or postnuptial agreement which is enforceable by law provided it is reasonable and not opposed to the policy of Islam. Same is the case with a contract.
The terms of a marriage contract may also be altered within legal limits to suit individual cases.
Although discouraged both by the holy Quran and Hadith, yet like any other contract, there is also provision for the breach of marriage contract.

The solomonisation of marriage requires adherence to certain forms and formulas. They are called the essentials of a valid marriage. If any of these requirements is not fulfilled the marriage becomes either void or irregular, as the case may be. Thus the essentials are as follows:
Proposal and Acceptance
Competent parties
No legal Disability
Marriage like any other contract is constituted by ijab-o-qabool, that is by declaration and acceptance. One party to the marriage must make an offer (Ijab) to the other party. The marriage becomes complete only when the other party has accepted the offer.
According to Muslim Law it is absolutely necessary that a man or someone on his behalf and the woman or someone on her behalf should agree to the marriage at one meeting and the agreement should be witnessed by two adult witnesses.
The Words conveying proposal and acceptance must be uttered in each other's presence or in the presence of their agents, who are called Vakil's.
The other condition for a valid marriage is that the transaction must be completed at one meeting. A proposal made at one meeting and an acceptance at another meeting do not constitute a valid marriage.
There must be reciprocity between offer and acceptance. The acceptance must not be conditional
Under the Sunni Law, the proposal and acceptance must be made in presence of two males or one male and two female witnesses who are sane, adult and Muslim. Under Shia Law, witnesses are not necessary at the time of marriage. They are required at the time of dissolution of marriage.
The parties contracting marriage must be acting under their free will and consent.
Competent parties & legal disabilities
The Parties to a marriage must have the capacity of entering into a contract. They must be competent to marry. Muslim who is of sound mind and who has attained puberty may enter into a contract of marriage. The parties must be able to understand the nature of their act.


Means the existence of certain circumstances under which marriage is not permitted. These prohibitions have been classified into four classes:-
Absolute incapacity or prohibition
Relative incapacity or prohibition
Prohibitive incapacity
Directory incapacity
Consanguinity means blood relationship and bars a man from marrying:
His mother or grandmother how highsoever,
His daughter or grand-daughter how lowsoever,
His sister whether full, consanguine or uterine,
His niece or great niece how lowsoever,
His aunt (fathers sister, mothers sister) or great aunt, how highsoever, whether paternal or maternal A marriage with a woman prohibited by reason of consanguinity is void. Issues from such marriage are illegitimate.
Affinity prohibits a man from marrying:
His wife's mother or grand-mother how highsoever
His wife's daughter or grand-daughter how lowsoever
Wife of his father or paternal grand-father how highsoever
Wife of his son or son's son or daughter's son how lowsoever
A marriage with a woman prohibited by reason of affinity is void.
Fosterage means when a woman other than its own mother has suckled a child under the age of two years, the woman becomes the foster-mother of the child. A man may not, for instance, marry his foster-mother or her daughter, or his foster sister.

Under the Sunni law, there are a few exceptions to the general rule of prohibition on the ground of fosterage and a valid marriage may be contracted with:

Sister's foster mother, or
Foster's sisters mother, or
sons sister, or
Foster brother's sister.
The Shia jurists place fosterage and consanguinity on the same footing and refuse to recognize the exception permitted by the Sunnis. The above mentioned prohibitions on account of 'consanguinity', 'affinity' or 'Fosterage' are absolute and the marriages contracted in contravention of these rules are void.

RELATIVE INCAPACITY OR PROHIBITION: Springs from cases which render the marriage invalid only so long as the cause which creates the bar exist. The moment it is removed, the incapacity ends and the marriage become valid and binding. The following are the cases:
Unlawful conjunction,
Polygamy, or marrying a fifth wife.
Absence of proper witnesses
Differences of religion
Woman undergoing IDDAT

Unlawful conjunction: means contemporaneously marrying two women so related to each other by consanguinity, affinity or fosterage, which they could not have lawfully intermarried with each other if they had been of different sexes. Thus a Muslim cannot marry two sisters, or an aunt and her niece.
Under the Shia Law, a Muslim may marry his wife's aunt, but he cannot marry his wife's niece without her permission. Marriage prohibited by reason of unlawful conjunction is void under Shia Law.

Polygamy or marrying a fifth wife: means plurality of wives, i.e. marrying a fifth wife. It is unlawful for a Mohammedan to have more wives than four.
A Muslim woman cannot marry more than one husband. If a woman marries a second husband, she is liable for bigamy under Sec.494, Indian Penal Code and the issues of such a marriage are illegitimate.

In India no Muslim marrying under or getting his marriage registered under The Special Marriage Act, 1954,can marry a second wife during the lifetime of his spouse.

Absence of proper witnesses: It is essential amongst the Sunnis that at least two male witnesses or one male or two female witnesses must be present to testify that the contract was properly entered into between the parties. The witnesses must be of sound mind, adult and Muslim.
In Shia Law, a marriage contracted by the spouses themselves or their guardians in private are held valid. Presence of witnesses is not necessary.

Differences of religion: A Sunni male can marry a Muslim female (Of any sect) or a Kitabia. Marriage with the Kitabia, i.e. a woman who believes in a revealed religion possessing a Divine Book viz Islam, Christianity and Judaism is valid under the Sunni Law. But he cannot marry an idolatress or a fire-worshiper. A marriage, however with a idolatress or a fire worshiper is merely irregular in Sunni Law, but void in Shia Law. A Muslim woman cannot marry any man who is not a Muslim, whether he is Kitabia (i.e. man believing in a revealed religion possessing a divine book) or not . According to Mulla, a marriage between a Muslim woman and Non-Muslim male is irregular. But according to Fyzee, such a marriage is totally void
Under Shia Law, no Muslim, whether male or female can marry a non-Muslim in the Nikah form.

Thus a marriage between a Muslim and a non-Muslim can only take place under The Special Marriage Act, 1954.

Woman undergoing Iddat: Iddat is a period during which it is incumbent upon a woman, whose marriage has been dissolved by divorce or death of her husband to remain in seclusion and to abstain from marrying another husband
Under Sunni Law marriage with a woman undergoing Iddat is irregular and not void. But under Shia law marriage with a woman who is undergoing Iddat is void.

It arises in the following cases:
A Muslim woman marrying a non-Muslim
Polyandry: means the fact of having more than one husband. Polyandry is forbidden in the Muslim system and a married woman cannot marry second time so long as the first marriage subsists.
Muslim woman marrying a Non -Muslim: A marriage of a Muslim female with a non-Muslim male, whether he be a Christian, or a Jew or an idolator or a Fire-Worshiper is irregular under Sunni Law and void under Shia Law.
This may arise from:
Marrying a woman 'enceinte': It is unlawful to marry a woman who is already pregnant by her former husband.
Prohibition of divorce: When the marriage is dissolved by the pronouncements of divorce three times, re-union is prohibited except after the lawful marriage of the woman with another man and then its being dissolved after consummation.
Marriage during pilgrimage: Under Shia Law, Marriage during pilgrimage is void.
Marriage with a sick man: Marriage with a sick man suffering from disease which is likely to be fatal is invalid. If however, he recovers and the marriage is consummated, it is valid.

Even in the present context, when all other religions enjoin monogamy, polygamy i.e. authority to marry up to four women is a privilege of Muslim men. Since it is one of the religious practices it is claimed to be immune from any legislative enactment.

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11 Food Tips for Your Wedding

Food is the key element of almost any party, whether it's a wedding or any other social occasion.

For Muslim weddings, it is important to remember that a Walima is Sunnah, and food is normally served on this happy occasion. There are a couple of things to consider here:

1. Start planning well in advance

You may think food is something that should only take a couple of days or weeks to plan. Not so.

You will need to book catering services or make arrangements for food at least a couple of months in advance if you want things to work out in an efficient and organized way. There are a lot of details involved, so don't wait until the last minute to do this!

2. Write down all the things involved in food preparation

This includes cooking the food, getting waiters and waitresses to serve the food, deciding what kind of menu you want, how you want the food to look, etc.

Write down all of the tasks involved so you can get a clear picture of exactly what needs to be done.

3. Select a wedding food committee

This committee is responsible for taking care of all food arrangements for the wedding. It must work in consultation with you. You will make the main decisions, but they will take care of the details including booking caterers, getting servers, etc. Get a friend with experience in this field to be in charge of this committee. Make sure to give them a written list of things to do.

A note of warning though: make sure that once the caterer has been booked, the food committee doesn't meddle unnecessarily in the arrangements.

Let the professionals handle their territory in the way they know best. The wedding committee should just take care of booking the caterers, providing them with the right guidelines for food preparation, and occasionally checking up on them.

4. Establish a budget

How much should you really spend on wedding food?

This can only be determined after careful research. If you've started planning on time and you've got your food committee in place, give them a deadline to get this information to you by (i.e. the cost of catering, servers, etc.).

Then once you have the options in front of you, you can decide how much you're willing to spend on food for the wedding.

Islamically, weddings should be simple. Consider this Hadith: 'The best wedding is that upon which the least trouble and expense is bestowed". (Mishkat)

5. Decide if you want to cook the meal yourself or cater

There are advantages and disadvantages to each option.

a. Cooking your own food:


you offer exactly the kind of food you know your guests will like
you could save more money
you can offer your own personal touch to the menu

you will be taking on a lot of work with no professional staff to help you
you must remember that cooking involves not just making the food, but ensuring that all utensils and wedding table paraphernalia are set up properly
you will have to work out how the food is going to be served
b. Catering:


you have one less burden to worry about-caterers usually take care of all details related to preparing the meal, utensils, etc. but confirm this with them
catering can lend a more professional look to your wedding
they may have special arrangements to keep food warm until it is served to guests.

it can be expensive
you could be restricted to the menus the caterers are offering
6. "Fats, oils & sweets: USE SPARINGLY!"

This was the title of a section of the food pyramid guide which is used to teach about good nutrition.

If you can cut back on these things in the wedding menu for the benefit of ALL guests (those with heart conditions, diabetes, etc. and those who don't have these problems) you will be doing everyone a favor.

For instance, for meat, try using lean meat in dishes. You can reduce oil in rice and other foods.

For dessert, instead of serving the traditional ones which may be dripping with syrupy sweet goo or are full of fattening cream (i.e. most wedding cakes) consider servings of fresh fruit. This is a really good option in summer, especially.

7. If you're catering make sure they will allow you to use your own meat

This is important for those Muslims conscious about eating Zabiha meat. Make sure that you have the option of providing meat to the caterers for you meal. If not, consider switching to another caterer.

8. Ensure the food will be warm when it is served What could be more disappointing than cold, unappetizing wedding food?

There are different ways of getting around this problem. If you decide to get the wedding food catered, discuss this issue with the caterers and see what solution they propose. Some places may arrange for burners to keep the food warm throughout the wedding.

If you are cooking yourself, you can also look into renting burners for this purpose, but check with the wedding hall administrators to ensure they don't have any restrictions about this (they may say no to burners if they feel it is a fire hazard to have them there).

If burners are not an option, another way of getting around this dilemma is to ensure the hall you book has an oven and microwave, preferably more than one. That way food can be warmed in time for the meal. The drawback of this approach though is that it will require a number of people to efficiently warm the food in time for serving.

9. Diversify your menu

Should you serve a traditional Middle Eastern, Indian, Malaysian, or American menu?

Living in a country that's a "melting pot" gives you the advantage of serving guests food of different ethno-cutural backgrounds.

Even if the bride and the groom are of the same cultural background, it should be remembered that not all of the guests may be. Also, kids today may be of different cultural backgrounds, but when it comes to food, hamburgers, pizza and french fries, for instance, are favorites across the board.

You don't have to have an entirely Turkish or Pakistani menu. You can have the main meal of one ethnic background and the dessert of another.

Also, don't forget to take into account the needs of those with certain dietary restrictions. Can you offer a sugar-free dessert for the benefit of guests who have diabetes? Can you cut back on lots of rich, fatty food for the benefit of everyone, especially the heart patients among your guests?

10. Decide how the food is going to be served

There are different ways caterers serve food at weddings and other such occasions. These include the following:

American service: individual plates are prepared and hand-delivered to guests. You will need lots of organized servers for this to work properly and efficiently
Buffet style: long tables of food are set up and guests serve themselves. This is actually an option that can save you money because fewer servers are necessary. Also, less food is wasted, since guests take only as much as they want, instead of being stuck with a specific portion
Family style: in this setup, large platters of food are brought to each table and people help themselves. This can be helpful if you have families coming, but it will obviously require servers, which will cost more money
11. Take into account clean up

When you're booking caterers, make sure they are willing to take care of cleanup as well. Otherwise, you, your family and friends may have to end up washing dishes on the wedding day when you've got more important things to look after.

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Dear Muslims,
Muslim couples always prefer to do their marriage in halal way to leganize the marriage as required by Shariah law and they will not show any interest to register the Nikah legally. But marriage registration is Compulsory for Muslim in Tamilnadu and all Muslim Nikah solemnized in Tamilnadu must be registered compulsorily under Tamilnadu Marriages Act 2009.
But many Muslims in Tamilnadu not aware about Compulsory marriage registration and necessity of legalization of Nikah for all legal purpose practically. Also they are not aware that the Government marriage certificate is compulsory for apply passport , visa, Bank Loan, Family Card etc.

After implementation Tamilnadu Marriages Act 2009 , Muslims can register the marriage within 150 days in one day process. After 150 days the Nikah registration will become more complicated and both husband and wife visit marriage registrar office twice and it will take minimum 30 days to complete the marriage registration in Tamilnadu.

First time in India, to create awareness about value and importance of legal marriage registration among the Muslims community, we provide free marriage hall for those who come forwarded to register their nikah legally. We undertake the whole responsibility to make all arrangements for conduct Nikah by Government authorized Imam/khazi and assured registration on same day. All Muslim couples including converted Muslim, NRI Muslims, OCI Muslims and foreign National Muslims can utilize our hall for conducting simple nikah and complete the registration in one day process.

We assist to get marriage certificate within 24 Hours for apply passport, visa etc .Also we assist to get Nikah certificate from Chief Haji of Tamilnadu.
4 Photos - View album

Marriage registration is compulsory for Muslims also.

Nikah over phone valid: Muslim board

Hyderabad: The All India Muslim Personal Law Board says any Nikah over telephone or Internet is valid, adding they feel sad for Sania who has been forced into a controversy.
Kamal Farooqi of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board told CNN-IBN: "Shoiab's Nikah over telephone to Ayesha Siddiqui is valid as per Muslim law. But I want to know why the Siddiquis didn't approach police until now."
"The FIR has been filed against Shoaib Malik and our country's law will take its action. It is very sad that Sania has gotten into this controversy. As far as the Nikah of phone or Net is concerned, it is valid in Muslim personal Law," he added.
Nikah over phone, Net valid: Muslim board

UNWANTED CONTROVERSY: Sania Mirza finds herself in a controversy involving his fiance Shoaib Malik.
#Sania-Shoaib wedding #Sania Mirza #Shoaib Malik #Ayesha Siddiqui
However, Farooqui clarified if Shoiab's claim that a fraud is committed on him is true, the Nikah may not stand valid.
"As far as Siddique is concerned, they should have complained to the police right in the beginning. Why they were waiting for eight years," asked Farooqi. "As far as the current marriage is concerned that will also be valid."
"If at all Siddique wanted any redressal he could have approached the Darul ul Khaza. They could have approached the Ulema-e-Kalam in Hyderabad. We do not take suo moto action. If someone approaches us in Darul Khaza, we take the whole case, take it in totality and decide the case."

In Muslim law, absent some statutory derogation, a person is able to get married once they attain the age of puberty. This is based on a statement in the Koran that, to quote from Pearl and Menski:

“[T]he Prophet orders Muslims to get married as soon as they can.
“In Muslim law, the presumption is that purity is reached at 15 years old, but evidence concerning the produce to the effect that it has been reached at an age earlier than this. Minimum ages would appear to be 12 years old in the case of males and (9) nine years old in the case of females.”

Verma writes of nikah:

“Every Mohammedan who has attained puberty and who possess a sound mind may enter into a contract of marriage.... No other person's consent or advice is necessary.”

In some branches of Muslim law (Shafi’i and Maliki, according to A Textbook on Muslim Law):

“[A]n adult virgin has no capacity to contract herself in marriage. She needs the consent of her guardian....”

On form and practise, Pearl writes in his Textbook on Muslim Law:

“The nikah is effected simply by an offer and an acceptance before Muslim witnesses either 2 male or 1 male and 2 females.”

Some key features of the Indian Muslim Marriage Act are listed below:

The act applies only to Indian Muslim men and Indian Muslim women.
A Muslim marriage is a civil contract in which there is a proposal (“Ijab“), usually by the bride and an acceptance (“Qubul“), usually by the groom.
A Kazi (or Qazi) is not necessary for the marriage to take place. The proposal (“Ijab“) and acceptance (“Qubul“) in the presence of two adults qualifies as a legal wedding under the act.
Muslim marriage between certain set of people is not allowed. These include blood relatives, relations by marriage, with two sisters, with a foster mother, if the man already has four wives, if the man and women were previously married and have divorced, but the woman has not remarried, etc.
Indian Muslim men can have up to four wives, provided he treats all of them equally.

Now marriage Government marriage certificate is mandatory for every legal purpose. Some times it will be required even for book hotel room. Doesn't matter it is mandatory for aplly soudi visa or not better you must register immediately after nikah. Because if you register your marriage immediately after nikah, the registration process will be very simple and you can register your marriage in chennai local registration office of the nikah palce.
If you try to register your marriage after 150 days from nikah date It will very very difficult to get government marriage certificate. Also they will ask local address proof for both and both must registrar offuce twice in months intervel.
So you don't feel the registration is haram or something and register your marriage immediately even it is required or not.
Because many muslims working in gulf counties and they are struggling to get spouse visa without marriagecertificate.

News about Nikah and registration:
Nikahnama' should be accepted as marriage certificate: All India Muslim Personal Law Board

LUCKNOW: In view of problems faced by Muslim couples in getting passports, the executive committee of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board on Sunday passed a resolution demanding that the Nikahnama - the testimony of marriage in Islam - should be accepted as a marriage registration certificate by the government agencies. The Board also pointed out the union government's proposed Wakf Amendment Bill 2010 has many defects and the attitude of Law Ministry and Ministry of Minorities Affairs is irrational in this matter. The committee also expressed deep concern about the manner in which CBI is prosecuting Babri Masjid case in Rae Bareli's special court.

"Though the Nikahnama has been provided a legal status in India, the passport office does not accept the document as the proof of marriage, resulting in unnecessary harassment of the Muslims applying for the passport. They are forced to take round of the tehsil office for getting official certificate from the registrar of marriages. We want that the Nikahnama to be accepted as marriage certificate," said Mohammad Abdul Rahim Quraishi, general secretary of the board. He said that Board has decided to constitute committees in various states to study registration laws and to make representation to the respective state governments to recognise Nikahnama and include it in the Acts/rules. "Muslims have no problems with marriage registration. In fact Islam is the only religion with an elaborate system of marriage registration. Our system is age-old and has a presence even in the remotest village. The document is available with the Qazis who solemnise Nikah," he said.
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