A global community interested in systems science(s). Includes members of the International Society for the Systems Sciences.
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David Ing
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Discussion  - 
 
Human beings should learn to compensate for their cognitive biases, or else machines like IBM's Watson will have more balanced perceptions.  Issues include:  

Ambiguity effect:  
"In the absence of information, we tend to avoid choosing options we don't know enough about or don't feel fully confident in."

Confirmation bias:  
"... the tendency to look for and favor evidence that confirms what you already believe to be true."  

Not invented here syndrome:  
"... the tendency to be more critical of someone else's ideas rather than your own."  

[Steve] Abrams [Director of IBM Watson, describes] "what he's learned about the cognitive biases we bring to the table that a computing system like Watson is designed to overcome".

"3 Lessons IBM's Watson Can Teach Us About Our Brains' Biases" | Jane Porter | July 27, 2015 | Fast Company at http://www.fastcompany.com/3049022/the-future-of-work/3-lessons-ibms-watson-can-teach-us-about-our-brains-biases
Cognitive computing is transforming the way we work. It also offers a window to the limitations of the mind to help us overcome them.
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Delia MacNamara's profile photoMichael Josefowicz's profile photo
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David Ing
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Discussion  - 
 
The history, by @AmandaGefter, of Walter Pitts with Warren McCulloch, Norbert Wiener, John von Neumann, and Humberto Maturana "laid the foundations for cybernetics and artificial intelligence".  At the end of his life, Pitts "had no way of knowing that while his ideas about the biological brain were not panning out, they were setting in motion the age of digital computing, the neural network approach to machine learning, and the so-called connectionist philosophy of mind. In his own mind, he had been defeated".

"The Man Who Tried to Redeem the World with Logic" | +Amanda Gefter | February 5, 2015 | Nautilus at http://nautil.us/issue/21/information/the-man-who-tried-to-redeem-the-world-with-logic
Walter Pitts was used to being bullied. He’d been born into a tough family in Prohibition-era Detroit, where his father, a boiler-maker,…
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Jose A Munoz Mata's profile photoNova Flare Q-Gardevoir's profile photoDelia MacNamara's profile photoBrennan Young's profile photo
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...Astounding, simply astounding!
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Chris Whitside

Discussion  - 
 
 
Next generation business designers are working, not with individual companies but with ecosystems - constellations of organizations collaborating to create and capture value. The HAT Project (Hub of All Things) is a resource for people working with the Internet of Things (Machine to Machine monitoring and control). Vast amounts of data will be generated by the IoT. And opportunity, if only designers can figure out how to share the data most effectively. The promise is in creating new markets with the data (e.g. mixing and matching) that never occurred to those creating it. This slideshow points to a framework for thinking about exploiting these new opportunities.
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David Ing
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Discussion  - 
 
Want university experience, but don't need/want a degree? Live near campus, crash big classes, hang out at student parties, write papers for other students.  

> Between 2008 and 2012, Guillaume Dumas took courses at some of the best colleges in North America—Stanford, Yale, Brown, University of California Berkeley, McGill, and University of British Columbia, among others—without being enrolled as a student. He then went on to start a successful online dating business in Montreal.  

> For four years, the 28-year-old from Quebec lived the life of a wandering scholar, moving from one university town to the next, attending lectures and seminars, getting into heated debates with professors. Sometimes he was open about his unregistered status, but most of the time, fearing reprisal, he kept it quiet. To pay for his everyday expenses, he worked at cafes and occasionally earned money by writing papers for other students. He lived at co-ops or other cheap student housing, but at Brown, when funds got particularly low, a kind soul let him set up his sleeping bag and tent on the roof. At the end of all this, he never received a degree.  [....]  

>  "It was so easy to look at the course listing and then just show up for a class," Dumas recalls. "I thought, Why couldn’t I do this at other schools?"  

> He saved up to travel to the U.S. where he attended schools on both coasts: Yale and Brown, then Berkeley and Stanford. And he wasn’t just interested in what was happening in the classroom; he also wanted to see what social life was like on campus. "I’m a pretty sociable, friendly guy, so I was invited to parties," Dumas says. "People just thought I was another student, so I just sort of went incognito."  

"Ivy League for free:  What one man learned by crashing elite colleges for 4 years" | +Elizabeth Segran | March 3, 2015 | Fast Company at http://www.fastcompany.com/3043053/my-creative-life/ivy-league-free-what-one-man-learned-by-crashing-elite-colleges-for-4-years 

"The Man Who Snuck Into the Ivy League Without Paying a Thing" | Joe Pinsker | March 5, 2015 | The Atlantic at http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/03/the-man-who-snuck-into-the-ivy-league-without-paying-a-thing/386917/
Guillaume Dumas attended the most expensive schools on zero tuition. He discovered what a college degree canand cannotget you in life.
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George Station's profile photoSaravanan Thirumuruganathan's profile photoBernardo Trejos's profile photoClaudia W. Scholz's profile photo
 
Of course, you can always get a degree on the normal track and sit in on cool stuff at the same time.  

One of the things I missed about online classes was the inability to "wonder around and check stuff out."  I did that all the time at real physical universities.. lots of fun..
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David Ing
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Discussion  - 
 
The world political economy of 2015 is traced by @georgesoros from Bretton Woods, through the 1980s Washington Consensus, the 2008 financial crash, and today's Euro crisis.  New financial institutions from China might or might not be recognized by the IMF and the United States.  

> Unregulated financial markets are inherently unstable: instead of a general equilibrium that assures the optimum allocation of resources, they produce financial crises. This was dramatically demonstrated by the crash of 2008. By coincidence, 2008 marked both the end of America’s political supremacy and the demise of the Washington Consensus. It was also the beginning of a process of financial and political disintegration that first manifested itself in the microcosm of the European Union, but then spread to the world at large.  

> The crash of 2008 had a lasting negative effect on all the economies of the world, with the notable exception of China’s. The Chinese banking system was relatively isolated from the rest of the world and largely government-owned. As a consequence, the Chinese banks could, at the government’s behest, offset the collapse of external demand by flooding the economy with credit. The Chinese economy replaced the American consumer as the motor of the global economy, largely by selling to the American consumer on credit. It has been a rather weak motor, reflecting the relative size of the Chinese and American economies, so that the global economy has grown rather slowly since the emergence of China’s international economic power.  

> The main reason why the world avoided a global depression is that economists have learned some lessons from the experience of the 1930s. The heavy load of debt and lingering political prejudices limited the scale of fiscal stimulus globally (again with the exception of China); but the Federal Reserve under the leadership of its chairman, Ben Bernanke, embarked on unorthodox monetary policies including quantitative easing—large-scale injection of money into the economy through the purchase of bonds by the Federal Reserve. This prevented the reduction in effective demand from deteriorating into a global depression.  

> The crash of 2008 was also indirectly responsible for the euro crisis.  [....]  

> China has begun to build a parallel set of financial institutions, including the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB); the Asian Bond Fund Initiative; the New Development Bank (formerly the BRICS Bank); and the Chiang Mai Initiative, which is an Asian regional multilateral arrangement to swap currencies. [....]

> The International Monetary Fund could play a positive part in this. It has abandoned its commitment to the Washington Consensus but the controlling shareholders of the Bretton Woods institutions—the US, the UK, France, and Germany among them—are unwilling to relinquish their voting control by increasing the representation of the developing world. This is very shortsighted on their part because it does not recognize changes in the relative weight of various economies and particularly the rise of China.

"A Partnership with China to Avoid World War" | +George Soros  | July 9, 2015 | The New York Review of Books at http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2015/jul/09/partnership-china-avoid-world-war/
The future course of history will greatly depend on how China tackles its economic transition from investment and export-led growth to greater dependence on domestic demand, and how the US reacts to it. A strategic partnership between the US and China could prevent the evolution of two power blocks that may be drawn into military conflict.
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George Soros is an expert at discerning the current and prospective behaviors of second order systems, particularly the aspect concerning garnering of resources but not so much the aspect of continuous improvement of All the members of a system. 
All pirates hate faster, more maneuverable targets. 
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
A reflection by +Greg Bryant on the 2013 PUARL (U. of Oregon Portland Urban Architecture Research Laboratory) meeting raises questions about "what was not discussed" in the ideas originate from architect Christopher Alexander:  innate judgement, unfolding, living structure, and patterns (by senior presenters).

"Reflections on PUARL 2013: hope & surprises" | Greg Bryant | January 16, 2014 | Rain at http://www.rainmagazine.com/archive/2014/reflections-on-puarl-01062014 

Third International PUARL Conference, Fall 2013, Conference Program at http://center.uoregon.edu/PUARL/2013/registration/schedule.php

There is no PUARL conference in 2015.  Some of the participants will convene at Purplsoc, July 3-5, 2015 in Krems, Austria.  See http://www.purplsoc.org/
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
The wifi is free and fast in Helsinki, reports @lmirani, even though Finns typically have lots of bandwidth on mobile phones. Visitors benefit from Finnish goodwill.  
> ... visit the Finnish capital of Helsinki, and there is a free hotspot almost everywhere you need one. It’s fast enough to allow video calling and HD streaming. And it doesn’t require a reading of lengthy terms and conditions, nor a password, nor the need to divulge your age, gender, or email address.  [....]
> When Helsinki’s city government was installing Wi-Fi in its offices and other facilities, it decided to concurrently install open networks for public use. [....]  
> The result is not necessarily blanket coverage, but wherever there is a building or space controlled by the city, there is Wi-Fi coverage. And it isn’t particularly expensive. Otranen says the cost is included in overall maintenance of the city’s internet and is not broken out separately, though Simo Volanen of Helsinki’s IT department estimates that the outside base stations cost some €40,000 to buy and install ($45,000) and have an annual maintenance cost of about €4,000. This does not include the cost of running the network, which Helsinki does for its own purposes in any case.  [....]
> But here’s the odd thing: Most Helsinkians have little need for free Wi-Fi. Finns receive the most generous data allowance from mobile operators for every euro they spend, according to Politico.

"Helsinki’s free, city-wide Wi-Fi network is faster than your home internet" | Leo Mirani | June 8, 2015 | Quartz at http://qz.com/414061/helsinkis-free-city-wide-wi-fi-network-is-faster-than-your-home-internet/
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
McGregor's 1960 Theory X + Theory Y expands to 2 dimensions by Matthew Stewart with Theory Utopian + Theory Tragic, excerpted from "The Management Myth".  

> Theory U, for Utopian, says that conflicts among human beings always originate in misunderstanding. Eliminate the false assumptions that individuals carry around in their heads, the theory says, and a human community will return to the natural state of peace. McGregor — like just about every management guru you’ve ever heard of — is a U-man at heart.  

> Theory T, for Tragic, says that conflict is endemic to human relations and arises from real divergences of interest. Peace is therefore a temporary state, and its endurance depends primarily not on the attitudes of individuals but on the system of their relations. Shakespeare and the framers of the U.S. Constitution are classic T-types.  

> Both theories put crucial emphasis on the concept of “trust,” but in strikingly different ways. Theory U says that you build trust by relaxing your control over people — by showing them that you trust them. Theory T says you build trust by demonstrating that things are under control — by creating a system in which good deeds regularly receive due rewards and bad deeds are appropriately punished.  

"Theory U and Theory T" | Matthew Stewart | August 24, 2010 | Strategy + Business at http://www.strategy-business.com/article/00029?gko=5d297&cid=enews20100413  

"The Management Myth" | Matthew Stewart | June 2006 | The Atlantic at http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2006/06/the-management-myth/304883/

http://mwstewart.com/
Thoughts on the 50th anniversary of one of the most influential contributions to management theory.
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
The documentary on Aaron Swartz, indicted by the feds for downloading from JSTOR, is on the Internet Archive at https://archive.org/details/TheInternetsOwnBoyTheStoryOfAaronSwartz .  Unfortunate prosecution in the U.S.  

> The Internet’s Own Boy told the story of the life and tragic death of Aaron Swartz, the leading geek wunderkind of his generation who was hounded to suicide at the age of 26 by a vindictive US administration. [....]  
> His downfall came when he turned his attention to JSTOR, a digital library of academic articles hidden behind a paywall. He devised a method of downloading large numbers of articles from JSTOR, using a computer hidden in a closet at MIT. He was arrested in January 2011 and pursued by federal prosecutors with a vindictive zeal, eventually being indicted on a raft of charges which carried a potential jail sentence of 35 years. Ground down by this, he hanged himself on 11 January 2013.  

"Aaron Swartz stood up for freedom and fairness – and was hounded to his death" | John Naughton | Feb. 7, 2015 | The Guardian at http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/feb/07/aaron-swartz-suicide-internets-own-boy

"The Internet's Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz" | June 27, 2014 | Internet Archive at https://archive.org/details/TheInternetsOwnBoyTheStoryOfAaronSwartz
The Internet's Own Boy depicts the life of American computer programmer, writer, political organizer and Internet activist Aaron Swartz. It features interviews...
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
Idealized design of a doctoral degree for the 21st century at Philadelphia U., by the Systems Wisdom team:  

> We imposed two project requirements.  First was the adoption of a systems thinking framework or mindset including expansion rather than only reduction thinking.  A new doctoral program, we posited, is a social system contained within the university system.  [....]

The second related requirement was that the expert knowledge for the design was presumed to reside in many places and with many people beyond the customer and consultant.  To create the design for a new doctoral program, therefore, requires direct involvement by internal and external communities, stakeholders, and users.   For this project, the consultants would be process experts; the customer, stakeholders and users would be the content experts who would directly incorporate their own interests and values resulting in a program “designed by” the customer, stakeholders and users.

"Designing an Ideal Doctoral Degree" | +Larry Starr | May 11, 2015 | Systems Wisdom blog at http://systemswisdom.typepad.com/my-blog/2015/05/designing-an-ideal-doctoral-degree.html

See also Reports and Papers at http://www.systemswisdom.com/papers
In 2014, Philadelphia University (PhilaU) a 130 year old institution with a mission to develop the model for professional university education in the 21st century asked Systems Wisdom to design ( we provided project leadership[i] and facilitation[ii]) a new kind of professional doctorate for their institution. Based on their deep...
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
Animated lecture of "tree of knowledge" to "web of life" rhizomatic networks @mslima +Manuel Lima, an 11-minute cartoon derived from the 18-minute lecture.

"RSA Animate - The Power of Networks" | Manual Lima | Oct. 23, 2013 | Visual Complexity Blog at http://www.visualcomplexity.com/vc/blog/?p=1125  

"RSA Animate - The Power of Networks" (11 minutes) | Manuel Lima | May 22, 2012 | RSA at https://www.thersa.org/discover/videos/rsa-animate/2012/05/rsa-animate---the-power-of-networks/ 

"The Power of Networks: Knowledge in an Age of Infinite Interconnectendess" (18 minutes) | Manuel Lima | Dec. 8. 2011 | RSA at https://www.thersa.org/discover/videos/event-videos/2011/12/the-power-of-networks-knowledge-in-an-age-of-infinite-interconnectedness/
About two years ago, in November 2010, I wrote a post stating I much I enjoyed and admired the “remarkable examples of visual storytelling” produced by the Royal Society of Arts (RSA) and CognitiveMedia in their enticing RSA Animate series. Earlier this year I received an email from RSA telling ...
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About this community

The International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS) is among the first and oldest organizations devoted to interdisciplinary inquiry into the nature of complex systems, and remains perhaps the most broadly inclusive. Originally founded as the Society for General Systems Research, the initial purpose of the society was "to encourage the development of theoretical systems which are applicable to more than one of the traditional departments of knowledge," with the following principal aims: to investigate the isomorphy of concepts, laws, and models in various fields, and to help in useful transfers from one field to another; to encourage the development of adequate theoretical models in areas which lack them; to eliminate the duplication of theoretical efforts in different fields; and to promote the unity of science through improving the communication among specialists. In the intervening years, the ISSS has expanded its scope beyond purely theoretical and technical considerations to include the practical application of systems methodologies to problem solving. Even more importantly, it has provided a forum where scholars and practitioners from across the disciplinary spectrum, representing academic, business, government, and non-profit communities, can come together to share ideas and learn from one another.

David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
The Emerging Digital Money Ecosystem, talk by @irvingwb for @the_c_g_e on web video:  

> The move to digital money involves a lot more than the transformation of money — cash, checks, credit cards and debit cards — from physical to digital objects that we will carry in our smart mobile devices. It will encompass the entire global money ecosystem, including payment systems, the management of personal identities and financial data, the global financial flows among institutions and between institutions and individuals, the government regulatory regimes, security and privacy issues, and so on. Already, we are seeing the rise of a whole new class of digital currencies and payment infrastructures, with Bitcoin being the most prominent among them.  
 
> Just about every aspect of the world’s economy is involved in this transformation. Over time, mobile devices will become our personal windows into an increasingly borderless digital economy. And, because continuing technology advances are now enabling us to bring the benefits of the digital revolution to just about everyone in the planet, digital money is a truly inclusive innovation with no apparent digital divide. Mobile phones and Internet access have gone from a luxury to a necessity that most everyone in the planet will soon be able to afford.  

Description on "Bitcoin, Apple Pay, and the Emerging Digital Money Ecosystem" at http://thecge.net/dr-wladawsky-berger-presents-on-bitcoin-apple-pay-and-the-emerging-digital-money-ecosystem/ .

+Irving Wladawsky-Berger | "Bitcoin, Apple Pay, and the Emerging Digital Money Ecosystem" | +CGE Global Scholars Program | July 7, 2015 at https://youtu.be/5OIxccg3M7c
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Chris Whitside

Discussion  - 
 
New from Ilia Bider: Viable Systems Models applied to Adaptive Case Management
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Chris Whitside's profile photoCameron Norman's profile photo
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Thanks Cameron. I lost touch with Ilia since he went back to teaching a couple of years ago. Just now finding what he's been up to lately and it is very interesting. Seems to be significant alignment with Toronto people. Listening now to his ideas for applying game playing to dynamic (adaptive) systems design: http://www.slideshare.net/ilia12/bpmds15
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
A Ph.D. in philosophy describes how working on vintage motorcycles develops intellectual habits otherwise withering as a middle manager in a K Street consultancy.  Matthew B. Crawford writes:  

> ... mechanical work has required me to cultivate different intellectual habits. Further, habits of mind have an ethical dimension that we don’t often think about. Good diagnosis requires attentiveness to the machine, almost a conversation with it, rather than assertiveness, as in the position papers produced on K Street. Cognitive psychologists speak of “metacognition,” which is the activity of stepping back and thinking about your own thinking. It is what you do when you stop for a moment in your pursuit of a solution, and wonder whether your understanding of the problem is adequate. The slap of worn-out pistons hitting their cylinders can sound a lot like loose valve tappets, so to be a good mechanic you have to be constantly open to the possibility that you may be mistaken. This is a virtue that is at once cognitive and moral. It seems to develop because the mechanic, if he is the sort who goes on to become good at it, internalizes the healthy functioning of the motorcycle as an object of passionate concern. How else can you explain the elation he gets when he identifies the root cause of some problem?  

> This active concern for the motorcycle is reinforced by the social aspects of the job. As is the case with many independent mechanics, my business is based entirely on word of mouth. I sometimes barter services with machinists and metal fabricators. This has a very different feel than transactions with money; it situates me in a community. The result is that I really don’t want to mess up anybody’s motorcycle or charge more than a fair price. You often hear people complain about mechanics and other tradespeople whom they take to be dishonest or incompetent. I am sure this is sometimes justified. But it is also true that the mechanic deals with a large element of chance.  

"The Case for Working With Your Hands" | Matthew B. Crawford | May 21, 2009 | New York Times at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/24/magazine/24labor-t.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1& .  

More recent writing by this author appears at http://www.matthewbcrawford.com/ .
Changes in the economy have had the surprising effect of making the manual trades more attractive as careers.
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Doug McDavid's profile photoOrganizzazione, compliance e BPMN: il libro's profile photoMichael Josefowicz's profile photo
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A lot to learn about Organization and Process design 
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
Hajo Neis, coauthor of Christopher Alexander's 2012 book, explains how "The Battle for Life and Beauty" evolved from 1983 "The Ordinary Way" manuscript, published without Chapter 24 "Large Scale Building Production, Unification of the Human System and the Physical System".  

"Patterns and pattern language" is one principle of many in the "Overall Pattern Language Approach".  

See a digest of text from slides at https://daviding.wordpress.com/2015/07/01/hajo-neis-battle-for-life-and-beauty-of-the-earth-urban-architecture-and-regenerative-process-web-video-april-14-2014-u-oregon/
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
What happens if high school students get administrator privileges on their laptops?  They could become self-sufficient rather than being depending on programmers.  

> The [Penn Manor School District] gave all 1,700 high school students laptops running Ubuntu operating systems, an easy-to-use version of the open source product Linux. [....]  
> “The difference is with a device such as this, it’s unlocked and kids have administrative level accounts on their laptops,” +Charlie Reisinger said. “So where our formal instruction ends, their new learning can begin because they have control over the device.” Students can download and load anything they want — and Reisinger even encourages them to do so. He’s not worried about them breaking the system because of its flexibility and wants them to learn from mistakes, if they do.  
> Reisinger is baffled by the behavior of districts like Los Angeles, which rolled out a one-to-one iPad program and then revoked student privileges when kids figured out how to navigate around district filters. “On the one hand we’re handing kids amazing learning devices, perhaps one of the most amazing inventions of the past 100 years, but yet we’re saying don’t learn about it, we don’t want you to understand how it works,” Reisinger said.  
> Treating devices that way makes students and teachers dependent on programmers for their needs, rather than letting them learn what’s under the hood. Penn Manor teachers assign work on devices to help kids meet learning standards just like teachers everywhere else, but they also have more options to let the kids explore safely.  
> “While we have the ‘must do’ layer, there’s also that little bit of subversion here, giving kids that little bit of creativity and maybe a ray of hope,” Reisinger said. “I want them to learn that learning is not all about what someone else preordains for you. It’s OK to tinker and play with things.” Penn Manor is as beholden to performing well on state tests as any other school district and its teachers make sure to cover curriculum, even using a few third party software programs to provide remedial help.  

"Why Aren’t More Schools Using Free, Open Tools?" | Katrina Schwartz | June 9, 2014 | Mind/Shift, KQED News at http://ww2.kqed.org/mindshift/2014/06/09/why-arent-more-schools-using-free-open-education-resources/
One school in Pennsylvania is using open-source tools wherever possible to keep students close to the code behind the machines they use. This stance is opposite to the very restrictive policies of many schools, but could allow students more freedom to explore what makes devices work.
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David Ing
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Discussion  - 
 
Mutual accommodation is an alternative to extreme individual rights at the expense of society, and divisions amongst different groups.  Paul Volcker thinks that North America can learn from Canada.  William A. Macdonald writes:  

> Mutual accommodation is the opposite of what is happening in the United States. This great nation is being undermined by extreme emphasis on individual rights at the expense of society, on divisions among different groups, and on the never-ending struggle between good and evil. The global order now faces serious risks of destabilization and disruption. Mutual accommodation looks more and more to be the crucial ingredient needed for the survival of the best of our world as we know it.  

> There are three kinds of stories: the “how” (the manner of journey), the “where” (the journey’s destination), and the “what” (specific events that happen along the way). Mutual accommodation is a how story – a way of doing politics and social living. Science is another great how story – the whats (the discoveries) and the wheres (the specific investigation goals) take place within the science way of doing things. In the years since the Renaissance, science has changed the world by the way it approaches knowledge and technology. Freedom, human rights, the rule of law, and democracy have also changed the world.  

> Mutual accommodation is not itself a memorable event, although it can make possible uniquely remarkable events. It has changed Canada. It has not yet changed the world. But Europe’s postwar successes have come from the continent’s growing capacity for mutual accommodation. Europe’s current risks stem from those places where it has fallen short. With the right will, however, mutual accommodation can change the world – just as freedom and science have changed everything.  

"To be a global role model, Canada must realize what sets it apart" | William A. Macdonald | February 19, 2015 | Globe and Mail at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/to-be-a-global-role-model-canada-must-realize-what-sets-it-apart/article25041223/  

Paul Volcker wrote:  

> Today, we need some of the Canadian genius of mutual accommodation, of a shared order. The ability of North America – Mexico included – to work together in the common interest has been well demonstrated.  

>  Critically important. Can we not, for instance, extend that degree of harmony and stretch it across the Pacific? Can we reason together deal with the common concerns about climate change? And at the same time, can we work together to make sure that a radicalized Middle East does not become a destructive force economically or politically?  

> These days, eight centuries after the signing of the Magna Carta, we are reminded that it is indeed dedication to the rule of law that provides the basis for strong and open democratic societies.  

"The world needs more of Canada’s commitment to accommodation" (address at U. of Toronto convocation, June 5, 2015) | Paul Volcker | June 16, 2015 | Globe and Mail at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/the-world-needs-more-of-canadas-commitment-to-accommodation/article24976721/

The essay by Macdonald was a second in a series, started at "The magic of the Canadian ideal" | William A. Macdonald | June 10, 2015 at http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/the-magic-of-the-canadian-ideal/article24894099/  

The Canadian Studies program at Trent University will facilitate a conversation about the country, starting fall 2015.  "Canadian Narrative Project: In Conversation about Canada" | June 9, 2015 at http://www.trentu.ca/newsevents/newsDetail.php?newsID=9787  

A 30-page book "Canada: Still the Unknown Country" is downloadable from http://www.canadiandifference.ca/ (both in English and in French!)
As we prepare for the 150th anniversary of Confederation, it’s vital to understand what ties this country’s greatest achievements together
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David Ing
owner

Discussion  - 
 
San Francisco Chinatown, writes @koxinga21, both serves its older, poorer residents and could reblossom with the Central Subway in 2019.  The story is framed in the future of the Empress of China building on Grant Avenue.  

> ... not everyone in Chinatown buys into the narrative that the neighborhood is declining and needs to change. There’s an opposing view, which holds that Chinatown is actually doing an excellent job of serving the interests of the people who currently live in the neighborhood, a demographic considerably poorer, older, and more dominated by recent immigrants than the rest of the city. From this perspective, Chinatown, rather than seeking to rekindle the glory of the Empress of China or otherwise pump up the glitz, should be looking for ways to better serve those residents and keep their rents the lowest by far in San Francisco.  [....]  

> But despite the gloom about the closure of the Empress, the current moment is surprisingly fertile. This food-crazed town would love nothing better than for Chinatown to reassert itself as an epicenter of one of the world’s greatest cuisines. The debut of the Central Subway (in 2019, if all goes as planned) will make it easier to get to Chinatown than it has been since the Embarcadero Freeway was torn down. And the neighborhood’s unique characteristics are likely to ensure that outside economic forces don’t fundamentally change its DNA. Chinatown’s crisis is also Chinatown’s opportunity.

"Long Live the Empress" | +Andrew Leonard  | April 2, 2015 | San Francisco Magazine at: http://www.modernluxury.com/san-francisco/story/long-live-the-empress 

This article was part of a special issue on the Chinese and San Francisco.  See "The Chinese-American City" | April 2015 | +San Francisco magazine at http://www.modernluxury.com/san-francisco/story/the-chinese-american-city/
Might the passing of a culinary grande dame pave the way for a younger, sexier Chinatown?
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David Ing
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Discussion  - 
 
Six lessons learned in developing world management education, cites @GPfeffermann @The_C_G_E +Global Business School Network   +CGE Global Scholars Program 
> 1. Visionary champions breed success 
> 2. Integration with the business community is key 
> 3. Independence is a primary factor in the ability to innovate 
> 4. Young schools in emerging markets can innovate more easily than established ones 
> 5. Partnerships matter 
> 6. Schools need a bold mission 

"Cutting a Path to Prosperity: How Education Pioneers are Building Better Business Schools for the Developing World and Why" | Global Business School Network | 2013 at http://www.gbsnonline.org/news/175806/Cutting-a-Path-to-Prosperity.htm

"Digital Colloquium with Guy Pfeffermann" | May 28, 2015 | CGE Global Scholars Program at https://youtu.be/OAgBvxUanRI
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David Ing
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Most post-2013 computers have Intel BootGuard, but @chrisbhoffman says Google Chromebooks come with Coreboot open source BIOS instead.  
> Modern UEFI firmware is a closed-source, proprietary blob of software baked into your PC’s hardware. This binary blob even includes remote management and monitoring features, which make it a potential security and privacy threat.  
> You might want to replace the UEFI firmware and get complete control over your PC’s hardware with Coreboot, a free software BIOS alternative—but you can’t in PCs with modern Intel processors, thanks to Intel’s Boot Guard and the “Verified Boot” mode PC manufacturers choose. [....]  
> This isn’t just some fringe free software project—all modern Chromebooks ship with Coreboot, and Google helps support it.

"How Intel and PC makers prevent you from modifying your laptop's firmware" | +Chris Hoffman | Feb. 13, 2015 | PC World at http://www.pcworld.com/article/2883903/how-intel-and-pc-makers-prevent-you-from-modifying-your-pcs-firmware.html

A pre-2013 laptop may be a better choice.  See advice from +ktgee via https://plus.google.com/+DavidIng/posts/ZbiD6QDmrcR
The UEFI firmware that boots up your PC is a closed, proprietary blob of code—and you can't change it out even if you wanted to. Here's why.
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