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Lesson 1:
The alphabet of Esperanto is composed of 28 letters. Pronunciation is constant for each letter (each letter sounds, each letter is a sound). The name of each vocal is given by the sound of the vocal itself (as in Italian); The name of each consonant (including semiclots ŭ and j) is given by the consonant's sound followed by -o (the suffix that distinguishes the nouns).

In Esperanto you can write "Ĉ, Ĝ, Ĥ, Ĵ, Ŝ, Ŭ" in "CX, GX, HX, JX, SX, UX"

Ĉi tiu estas morta komunumo, sed kiam mi havas tempon mi faros la lecionojn!
This is a dead community, but when I have time I'll do the lessons!

How do you say "Dead" in esperanto?

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Practice your Esperanto here, join you need to help other people!

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The possessive is formed by adding to the personal pronouns (mi, vi, ...) the termination -a of the adjective:

mi + a = mia --> mia amiko (my friend)
mi + a + j = miaj --> miaj amikoj (my friends)
ni + a = nia --> nia floro (our flower)
ni + a + j = niaj --> naij floroj (our flowers)

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Mi havas bona amiko.



amiko - friend
filo - son
frato brother
viro - man
knabo - boy
floro - flower
patro - father
instruisto - teacher
kafo - coffee
lakto - milk
pano - bread
sukero - sugar
teo - tea
biskvito - biscuit / cookie
bela - beautiful / handsome
granda - big
nova - new
bona - good
varma - hot

How I can make the plural in Esperanto?

amiko -> amikoj
patro -> patroj
bona --> bonaj

bona amiko (a good friend) --> bonaj amikoj (good friends)

So for the plural just add a "J" at the end of the name, adjective or anything else that can be plural (except the verbs)
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