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Physicists Just Stuffed an Atom Full of Atoms and Created a Brand New State of Matter

A team of researchers has now created a new, exotic state of matter at cold temperatures, referred to as “Rydberg polarons.”

Two very special fields of atomic physics, which can only be studied at extreme conditions, have been combined in this research project: Bose-Einstein condensates and Rydberg atoms. A Bose-Einstein condensate is a state of matter created by atoms at ultracold temperatures, close to absolute zero. Rydberg atoms are atoms, in which one single electron is lifted into a highly excited state and orbits the nucleus at a very large distance.

You can see an illustration of this "giant atom" filled with atoms below - the blue is the electron, the nucleus is red, and within the electron's orbit are a bunch of other atoms (green).

First, a Bose-Einstein condensate was created with strontium atoms. Using a laser, energy was transferred to one of these atoms, turning it into a Rydberg atom with a huge atomic radius. The perplexing thing about this atom: the radius of the orbit, on which the electron moves around the nucleus, is much larger than the typical distance between two atoms in the condensate. Therefore the electron does not only orbit its own atomic nucleus, numerous other atoms lie inside its orbit too. Depending on the radius of the Rydberg atom and the density of the Bose-Einstein condensate, as many as 170 additional strontium atoms may be enclosed by the huge electronic orbit.

P.S. Don't expect to be building anything from these molecular Rydberg polarons( at least for now).

A team of researchers has now created a new, exotic state of matter at cold temperatures, referred to as “Rydberg polarons.”

Two very special fields of atomic physics, which can only be studied at extreme conditions, have been combined in this research project: Bose-Einstein condensates and Rydberg atoms. A Bose-Einstein condensate is a state of matter created by atoms at ultracold temperatures, close to absolute zero. Rydberg atoms are atoms, in which one single electron is lifted into a highly excited state and orbits the nucleus at a very large distance.

You can see an illustration of this "giant atom" filled with atoms below - the blue is the electron, the nucleus is red, and within the electron's orbit are a bunch of other atoms (green).

First, a Bose-Einstein condensate was created with strontium atoms. Using a laser, energy was transferred to one of these atoms, turning it into a Rydberg atom with a huge atomic radius. The perplexing thing about this atom: the radius of the orbit, on which the electron moves around the nucleus, is much larger than the typical distance between two atoms in the condensate. Therefore the electron does not only orbit its own atomic nucleus, numerous other atoms lie inside its orbit too. Depending on the radius of the Rydberg atom and the density of the Bose-Einstein condensate, as many as 170 additional strontium atoms may be enclosed by the huge electronic orbit.

P.S. Don't expect to be building anything from these molecular Rydberg polarons( at least for now).

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You thought quantum mechanics was confusing?🤔

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Yoo..finally, we got the source to our sink!😉...

That's what I was trying to convince all these days...and now we have beautiful symmetry.. this for sure will be followed by breath thinking and one of the biggest unification.

That's what I was trying to convince all these days...and now we have beautiful symmetry.. this for sure will be followed by breath thinking and one of the biggest unification.

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finally, we will have to say that reality doesn't exist.

Is this the right place to talk about the branch of mechanics that deals with the mathematical description of the motion and interaction of subatomic particles, incorporating the concepts of quantization of energy, wave–particle duality, the uncertainty principle, and the correspondence principle.

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Red AND Yellow AND Green AND Blue..all Simultaneously!

The system uses a small photonic chip fabricated in much the same way as integrated electronics are made. Photons are emitted in pairs sharing a complex quantum state with an on-chip micro-ring resonator excited by a laser. The photons are constructed in a state with several superimposed frequencies, i.e., several colors simultaneously; the colors of each photon in a pair are linked, regardless of their separation distance.

Each color represents a dimension, which enables the photons to be generated as a high-dimensional quantum state, or quDit – as opposed to qubits, which are two-dimensional systems (e.g., 0 AND 1 at the same time, as opposed to the classical model of 0 OR 1 at any time). In the high-dimensional state, photons can be red AND yellow AND green AND blue simultaneously.

Research team has confirmed the realization of a quantum system with at least 100 dimensions using this approach; the technology developed is readily extendable to create two-quDit systems with more than 9,000 dimensions.

The system uses a small photonic chip fabricated in much the same way as integrated electronics are made. Photons are emitted in pairs sharing a complex quantum state with an on-chip micro-ring resonator excited by a laser. The photons are constructed in a state with several superimposed frequencies, i.e., several colors simultaneously; the colors of each photon in a pair are linked, regardless of their separation distance.

Each color represents a dimension, which enables the photons to be generated as a high-dimensional quantum state, or quDit – as opposed to qubits, which are two-dimensional systems (e.g., 0 AND 1 at the same time, as opposed to the classical model of 0 OR 1 at any time). In the high-dimensional state, photons can be red AND yellow AND green AND blue simultaneously.

Research team has confirmed the realization of a quantum system with at least 100 dimensions using this approach; the technology developed is readily extendable to create two-quDit systems with more than 9,000 dimensions.

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Hi everybody

I Getting to know a theory recently that is so thrilling and exciting.

A big revolution in physics!

I suggest you watching it surely

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8gRVIMZ3r97jmE3_eHwkMQ/videos

I Getting to know a theory recently that is so thrilling and exciting.

A big revolution in physics!

I suggest you watching it surely

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8gRVIMZ3r97jmE3_eHwkMQ/videos

Why light only travels in forward direction(directional property of light)??... I mean the changing electric and magnetic field must propagate in all directions at every instance.

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