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Sai (saizai)
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Meta  - 
 
Community guidelines

Posts must:
1. be of academic interest to experts (i.e. someone already trained in cogsci or one of its related fields)
2. link directly to the original source material discussed (e.g. the actual research paper, not a blog or popular media discussion of it)
3. not be commercial (with rare exceptions, e.g. for companies' posts of actual research)
4. have comments enabled and not delete comments (summon a mod if there's a problem)

We've had a lot of posts lately that are of marginal quality, or are questions that a cogsci undergrad night have in their early years. Because of the breadth of the field, this is quite wide indeed, and dilutes the value of the community.

I'm adopting the same standard here that I did with the Computer Security & Lockpicking community[0]: for experts by experts, so that the signal to noise ratio is high for those of us who are in the field.

There are lots of other avenues for more newbie level discussion; this will not be one of them.

Current moderators are +Melissa Hall, +Michael Bernstein, and +Richard Law.


If you have any questions, issues with moderation, or would like to help moderate, please leave a comment on this post.

Sincerely,
Your friendly neighborhood community owner / meta-moderator

[0] https://plus.google.com/communities/111501683295752318891

ETA 2014-10-21: added "academic" to #1 to clarify.
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Spencer Allen's profile photoSai (saizai)'s profile photoNagaraj Shankarnarayan's profile photo
21 comments
 
+Spencer Allen I've not moderated it actively in a while; haven't had the energy. There's probably a lot of content that does not meet the guidelines. :-/

Don't really care about egos, just having this be an academic-level community. But perhaps that's a losing war at this point.
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Kim Justus

Neuroscience  - 
 
#inaflash WED NITE Dr Whyte to discuss Research, Rehab and the TBI Research Model. Click link below for program details!

7pm Pac/10pm est. #braininjuryradio Click link below to listen, Skype, or call 424-243-9540. Same link both live shows (Every Wed Nite), and after for On Demand playback!

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/braininjuryradio/2015/08/27/brain-injury-research-model-on-recovery-now-with-kim-justus
TBI Model System for studying More Severe Head Trauma with Dr John Whyte
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Anna Miller

Psychology  - 
 
The type of music you listen to can actually give big clues into the way in which you think, researchers at the Cambridge University have found.
The type of music you listen to can actually give big clues into the way in which you think, researchers at the Cambridge University have found.
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Amelia Hanslow's profile photo宋云生's profile photoKing Author's profile photoJohn Beck's profile photo
3 comments
Skye M
 
What if you listen to every kind of different style music you can get your hands on? 
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Kim Justus

Neuroscience  - 
 
#inaflash So many Neuro Disorders that can effect the brain and so much more. .This Wednesday Night "The Most Common Disorder You've Never Heard Of" .. Neurofibromatosis .  Click link below for more show information.

7pm Pac/10pm est. #braininjuryradio Click link below to listen, Skype, or call 424-243-9540. Same link both live shows (Every Wed Nite), and after for On Demand playback!

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/braininjuryradio/2015/08/20/neurofibromatosis-brain-impact-on-recovery-now-with-kim-justus
Tune in and Join Us to Hear About Another Rare Disease that Can Impact the Brain
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Michelle Housen's profile photo
2 comments
 
look i get your not an md but come on what the fuck did it look like please tell me your not that stupid if you are i im glad i dont have to deal with some dumb cop your a cop not an md stupid motherfucker you dont get me 
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Imagine this if you will: There is one certain relative past (based on the prespective of the person experiencing the event and/or the people observing the even), but there are an infinite number of uncertain futures. The probability of a particular future event "collapsing" into the realm of physical reality follows a bell-curve trajectory and its destiny is dependent on what other events/objects/things it comes across. Every object starting with quarks, electrons, and perhaps even smaller unknown particles (or particle-waves) carry with them their own destiny based on the non-linear nature of spacetime which has curved around itself into a torus-like object or perhaps flipped itself inside out into a manifold due to the intense disequilibrium of gravity vs. spacetime. This non-linear nature of the universe lends itself to time curving in on itself, leaving a cascade of a finite, yet absolutely overwhelming number of possible future events as well as allowing even smaller dimensions (not to be confused with realms) to exist as their spacetime trajectory seems to also curve in on themselves or a smaller realm, following the natural order of the curved universe. There is one certain known realm and that is this physical universe. There may be an outside area of the universe referred to as the ether which is also yet another realm. There is another more mysterious realm behind the curtains of reality. This realm holds the laws of physics, it processes every single reaction and action in the known universe! It also holds all of the probable future events. Back to the object's destiny, lets say that this object is a person. They have a time dependent certain past (per smallest quantized unit of time, assuming that time is discreet). For example, a minute ago this person left their house. According to their perception (which happens to be vulnerable to a slurry of high entropic affects which compromise such mental processes to various degrees), the person is certain that they left their house a minute ago. However their future is uncertain. Well, as it turns out, can assume that there are a multitude of holographic universes partially superimposed onto each other, waiting to collapse into an instance of reality (spacetime). Each and every object has its own destiny pathway which is impacted depending on what other objects affect its destiny's trajectory/pathway (such as how observation impacts an electron's position OR velocity lending itself to the infamous Heisenberg Uncertainly Principle). At the very far ends of the bell curve representing possible future events, the X axis of this curve would represent the event and Y axis of this curve would represent the statistical probability of such an event actually taking place in reality. Hence, there must exist the correct combination of holographic universes which can animate a particular reality without interruption, through collapsing onto one another in a linear and sequantial manner, giving certain physical objects their properties such as the discreet nature of light (which even when bend under gravity still should follow such a discreet formula for its trajectory for that particular curve's curvature and size). Again, at the very far ends of the bell curve where the probability of a particular event is very low, you may find physically improbable events retained in holographic universed which are awaiting collapse (since the events' point is to manifest into physical reality from this other holographic realm) such as our person which just left work winning the lotto. At the highest apex of the bell curve, the most statistically probable reality takes place, such as our person leaving home and getting into his/her car (a very probable event). The mind is a mechanism which can travel back to your certain past as well as forward in "mental time" to consider its probable futures. This leaves us with the question, is "mental time" somehow associated or connected to this unseen realm of holographic universes. Yes it is, through the information that is constructed via reality. This invitation of information to enter our universe from another realms is what the process of informational manifestation is all about. Whether its a new thought, invention, or discovery, this new information was already present in the holographic universes, awaiting its entrance into our physical reality. The more informed and healthy the mind, the better it can deduce such future events and even take into consideration the impact of crossing other objects and being affected by their destiny pathway. After all, destiny is uncertain and vulnerable to others' destinies as well. The strange part is that the more time flows forward, the harder it becomes to predict events. This is because more "other" events impacting your destiny can take place given a longer span time. It is best when the observer's perception matches the person experiencing the event's perception, yet that is not always the case in physics...more to come...."
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John McCreery's profile photo
 
"The probability of a particular future event "collapsing" into the realm of physical reality follows a bell-curve trajectory and its destiny is dependent on what other events/objects/things it comes across." Isn't this self-contradictory. If the event is dependent on other events/objects/things, it is unlikely to be purely random and thus to follow a bell-curve trajectory. And what about all those events that seem to follow power laws instead of Poisson distributions? What am I missing here?
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Joan Torelló

Psychology  - 
 
The others are the most relevant for our future, what most occupies our attention and our thoughts, what we must further discover how do they work. Society yet gives us the resources to understand and control the physical world; the important thing is to understand people, which are the most complex, unpredictable and what should concern us most.

http://languageofair.blogspot.com.es/2015/08/consciousness-joy-intelligence-and.html
Consciousness is what drives us forward, is what decides, what sets targets, what defines our fate. And there is a fundamental sign of the achievement of this goals and satisfaction of our personal motivations, which is joy. ...
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Michelle Housen's profile photoThe Neuroscience Newbie's profile photoamber james's profile photoAmorette Getty's profile photo
 
I DIDNOT SPEND 500 DOLLARS AT MACYS I BOUGHT BRAS AND THATS IT THIS IS SO FUCKED UP AND RETURNED EVERUTYHING FROM MY MANIC SHOPPING SPREE ALL I BOUGH WERE BRAS THIS IS SO FUCKED UP I WANT TO SEE THE STATMENTS EVERYTHING RODERED WHEN I WAS MANCI WAS RETURNETERED THIS IS SO FUCKE DUP IM LEAVING I AM LEAVING ONCE I GET ON DISABILITY DISABILITY THEN LOW INCOME HOUSEING I AM MOVING TO PORTLAND I DID NOT STEAL 500 DOLLARS YES I BOUGHT BRAS AND WAS NOT MANIC AND YES I M STEADLY INCREASING MY DOSE O FMOOD STABLIZERS THIS IS FUCKED UP I FEEL LIKE I HAVE TO BEG FO RNOTHING WITH THESE PWT PEOPLE I DID NOT STEAL 500 DOLLARS AND YES I REGERISTRED TO TAKE THE NATIONAL EVAULTION SERIES TO BE A TEACHER AND WAS NOT MANIC AND THAT WAS 200 DOLLARS IVE TAKEN OUT A HUGE LOAN IM SO MOVING OUT AND MOVING TO PORTLAND ONCE I GET ON DISABILITY I REGUSE TO ALLOW THIS WHITE TRASH DERUG ADDICT TO MAKE ME BEG FOR NOTHING LOWINCOME HOUSING FOOD STAMPS AND ILLL SURVIVE ILL PROBABLY BE HAPPIER THEN IVE EVER BEEN IN MY LIFE!!!!! I WONT HAVE TO BEG FOR NOTHING FROM THESE WHITE TRASH PEOPLE !!!!! YES SHES A DRUG ADDICT AND AN ALCHOLIC DO I FEEL SORRY FOR HER NO TREATMENT INPATIUENT TREATMENT IS AVAILBLE THROUGH HER INSURANC E SHE REGUSES TO SEEK HELP UNLIKE ME YES I M GOING TO REHAB FOR DRINKING 4 BEERS A DAY NOTHING LIKE THE DTS  THAT FUCKING BITCH I DIDNT STEAL 500 DOLARS I BOUGHT BRAS AND SHOES SHES SUCH A WHITE TRASH BITCH IM LEAVING THE FIRST CHANCE I GET AND ILL JUST TAKE THE MAX AROUND PORTLAND THANKS FOR STEALING MY CAR NO 600 DOLLARS IS NOT ENOUGHT FOR A 5000 CAR MY ONLY POSSESSION SHE PRACTICALLY STOLE OH WELLL ONCE I MOVE ILL JUST TAKE THE MAX AROUND PORTLAND GOD I HATE HER I DIDNT SPEND 500 AT MACYS I BOUGHT BRAS SHES LYING THE FUCKING PWT BITCH IM SO MOVING EVERYTHING FROM MY MANIC SPREE WAS SENT BACK AND I ALMOST ENDED UP DEAD 
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Anna Miller

Psychology  - 
 
Researcher Jonathan Cheek says there are four different introvert types. So let’s look at these types in turn to help you decide which one you fit into.
Researcher Jonathan Cheek says there are four different introvert types. So let’s look at these types in turn to help you decide which one you fit into.
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Regina Schaffer's profile photoElizabeth O. Keith's profile photo
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Достоевский Ф.М.:  " если на других планетах есть разумные существа, то у них непременно обнаружатся те же, что и у нас науки: математика, астрономия, ибо законы разума везде едины. Но если так, то и красота везде красота, истина всегда – истина, и добро нигде и никогда не станет злом. И значит: красота, сотворенная здесь, озаряет и все мироздание; слово истины, сказанное на земле, сказано перед всем миром."   
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Anna Miller

Neuroscience  - 
 
Anxiety: does it come from our mothers and fathers, or is it something created by our experiences and environment?
Anxiety: does it come from our mothers and fathers, or is it something created by our experiences and environment?
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Said Parker's profile photocharles griffiths's profile photo
3 comments
 
Yeah, but fallout causes mutations that lead to new species so it kinda balances out in the long run.
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Artem Zavyalov

Psychology  - 
 
Free 5 min course on "Brilliant social psychology experiments" delivered to your inbox daily. You should love it! Enjoy! :) 
In the history of social psychology, researchers have conducted notable experiments that provided deep insight...
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chris Chap's profile photoTam McDonnagh's profile photo
 
le pouvoir absolu sur autrui grise les esprits faibles. le système étant conçu pour valoriser les individus les plus soumis à l'autorité (ou les adeptes de jeux de soumissions/dominations), cette expérience tend à devenir le quotidien banal de nos sociétés "démocratiques".
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Neuroscience and the Creative Mind
What goes on in the mind of a composer who conjures up a tune out of thin air or an emotion? How about a painter who stares at a blank canvas till he sees the contours of his creativity crystallise into a face, figure, colour or motif? Can a copywriter or a journalist working on a deadline afford the luxury of waiting for the creative moment? Does creativity flow only from the right hemisphere of the brain? 

A five-year study by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (Nimhans), Bangalore, completed in 2015, attempts to provide answers to some of these questions by deconstructing creativity. “It is perhaps among the first few studies in the world to identify those areas of the brain which are active while performing creative tasks,” says Dr Senthil Kumaran, additional professor, Department of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi.

#neuroscience   #creativity
Can imagination spark only from the right brain? Can you activate particular areas of the brain to foster cognition and creativity? Using futuristic imaging technology, a new neurological study attempts to throw light on how our minds work when we are at our most creative.
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Functional Family Medicine's profile photoJoanne Snyder's profile photo
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About this community

Cognitive science (cogsci): a fusion of various disciplines, including linguistics, computer science, neuroscience, sociology, artificial intelligence, psychology, philosophy, anthropology, … In other words, we study thought, or analogues to thought, from many perspectives syncretically.

Joan Torelló

Psychology  - 
 
The more we create or decide the future, the stronger consciousness and the greater intelligence we mobilize.
http://languageofair.blogspot.com.es/2015/08/the-states-of-consciousness.html
Consciousness has differences in intensity. There are different levels of awareness and conscience. We can be very activated and concerned at certain times and in certain situations, and little in others. There are obvious di...
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G 尉遲恭's profile photoBeatriz Muñoz Rojas's profile photo
 
No shoes.... 
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Anna Miller

Neuroscience  - 
 
In this article, you will learn how to train your brain and body to achieve great results in increasing your mental capacity.
In this article, you will learn how to train your brain and body to achieve great results in increasing your mental capacity.
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marie casery's profile photoKing Author's profile photo
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You see a familiar face and say to yourself, 'I think I've seen that face.' But is this someone I met five years ago, maybe with thinner hair or different glasses—or is it someone else entirely.

Johns Hopkins University neuroscientists have identified the part of the hippocampus that creates and processes this type of memory, furthering our understanding of how the mind works, and what's going wrong when it doesn't. Their findings are published in the current issue of the journal Neuron.

#neuroscience   #cognition   #memory  
You see a man at the grocery store. Is that the fellow you went to college with or just a guy who looks like him?
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Dan DuPort's profile photo
 
I asked the store clerk, Did you see me come in?  He said yes.  Then I asked him if he had ever seen me before, and he said no.  I then asked him how he knew it was me!
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Bennie Castle

Artificial intelligence  - 
 
Just joined. Hope this post fits the criteria of the moderators. Interested in your thoughts on this research by Korean Daegene Song. 
Abstract: With the great success in simulating many intelligent behaviors using computing devices, there has been an ongoing debate whether all conscious activities are computational processes. In this paper, the answer to this question is shown to be no. A certain phenomenon of consciousness is ...
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Steve S's profile photo

Ray Mansuri

Psychology  - 
 
If this does not blow your mind, i dont know what will.


if you get this article, you are in! feedback is welcome.


(the mind, perception, and the soul...infodynamics is here)
...
information given the right environment and mechanisms could maintain its own structure and systemic connectivity with the information's informational sub-components (bundled together based on energetic expenditures, acting on energy or matter creating structure) like sequential words in a sentence that exist as a thought, giving the thought meaning. Hence such information stays relatively intact (although highly predisposed/exposed to various entropic forces (e.g.: cosmological entropy)) and is able to be recalled, but how does it amount to an actual human experience? The mind uses its physical structures (neuro-pathways) and energetic configurations (highly complex ion driven positively charged resonating electrical system) to make sense of this information relative to its own experiences (which are retained as fluidly-discreet bundled informational units. They are discreet so memories do not blend into on another). Nevertheless, such memories or informational units are fluid due to their predisposition to changes brought on by entropy. Now imagine that raw information, (the force, properties, and meaning of information) is an entity only carried/relayed or stored (or processed) by energy or matter. Raw information intertwines with energy (picture carried by light wave/particles) or matter (a word written on paper with ink), which allow it to not only exist in the Universe, but allow it to be processed, transduced (changing shape/type of information such as a math formula vocally described OR written on paper, it is the same information, but exists either as sound waves or as ink matter), to be stored, to be changed/altered, to propagate through spacetime, and TO ACT AS AN INFLUENTIAL FORCE. This raw information can skip from energetic state or material state to a variety of other energetic or material states (when the information is contained in the physical shape of a clay-vase, it is able to be extracted from the material object and placed onto wave/particles of light which then carry this information, perhaps into one's eye, then brain/mind which then process it, the picture being less informationally robust than the actual clay-vase because typically light does not bend). This raw information also has certain properties such as the ability to proliferate, to infect, to influence the activity of matter (such as genetic information which is able to impact protein kinetics or as when sound causes cymatic affects on matter), and to simply exists, otherwise, this information which is really only a fragment of a once relatively random and chaotic (high entropy) environment which has been structured into a relatively ordered unit(s) of information (such as the creation of bio-molecules which are relatively highly structured molecules from primordial conditions such as mud, water, and air which are not as structured on the given scale or of experiences which are complied to in part form a personality). As the information jumps from the clay-vase to the wave/particles of light, it briefly exists in an intermediate state hosted by an unknown and mysterious realm. In fact, the laws of physics exist in this unseen, intangible, and ethereal realm (not a mathematical dimension), coming into play as called for, nearly instantaneous, unforgivingly precise, and relentlessly consistently 100% accurate). Thus, information acts as the opposing force to entropy/chaos. However, there exist upper and lower limits to these forces opposing each other. For example, too much information may increase entropy (such as overcrowding of information which makes sequestering of a particular component of that information pool difficult). On the other hand, not enough entropy or chaos and the information may not evolve. Hence, entropy places the key cosmological pressure on information to evolve, becoming the leading contributing factor and cause of evolution. Also, too little information and there may not exist enough structure to complete the new system, impacting its processing ability and functionality.
            In either case, this raw information (such as human experiences) find their way to our mind where they are able to be hosted/housed. The infectious properties of information in part allow this housing process to take place along with information's ability to entangle with different systems (either statically/permanently or temporarily). Once this information has entangles with the brain (physically changing the brain's neural communication kinetics and pathway structure) AND mind (abstractly existing as a new memory and forming a platform to evaluate other memories with), it changes them and vice versa, becoming integrated/entangled with each other. In other words, we become our experiences guided by our temperament (which is to some extensive degree guided by genetic composition/quality). Our essence of being, this soul that we seek, exists in an intangible and abstract electric informational cloud (using the electrical activity as temporary entangling hosts so that it can; 1) stay structured/exist, 2) be semi-stored in the mind (semi because both the physical and electrical activity of the brain are fluid and plastic due to prediction to entropy in their bound or raw state), and 3) to be processed for creative, survival, and constructive reasons which are not only programmed into our genes and neural pathways, but also in the holistic essence of who we are for it involves us and our minds entirely. The act of perception is beyond a simple process. Due to the systemic effects of the brain giving rise to and being intertwined with the mind, this information becomes us and thus our reaction to it is holistic in the sense that we have a conscious, unconscious, and physical/visceral reaction to it as similar information pre-assimilated allows this process to take place. Thereby, the experience of reality becomes robust and is further colored (elaborated, and structurally and functionally complicated) by emotions and thoughts. Emotions serve to evaluate such experiential information we refer to as memories. New memories are compared to older ones or are judged based on either physical reactivity to the information or to mental calculations/cognitive associations in parallel using emotions. For example, when someone breaks a bone, they react to this experience in a negative way which is forever associated with such a memory. Similar experience may trigger the recall of such memories and/or their associated thoughts and emotions for survival reasons. Associated thoughts are typically verbal and form conclusions about the self and also contribute to the composition of a belief systems which in turn, when interrelated to other belief system compos a mental schema or framework or understanding....our interconnectivity with this ethereal realm, cosmological entropy, the physical laws of the Universe, the mind, the body, the environment/society and the ability for information to process other information (to be processed too) is what gives experiences to our being, active power to and within our minds and experiences....who wants to know more?
 
you can read more about this in my book, Infodynamic Psychology 2nd Ed. on Amazon etc...


Without Information, it would be an empty universe! Ray Mansuri, PhD
 
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Isaac Francis (TheUltraAliens)'s profile photoMatt Kuenzel's profile photoJen Yoeng's profile photo
6 comments
 
Some great bud generated this.
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Stephen Macknik

Neuroscience  - 
 
da Vinci's Masterpiece, The Mona Lisa, Was Preceded By A Painting With Another Enigmatic Smile, La Bella Principessa @illusionchasers#sciamblogs http://ow.ly/QGfAk. Alessandro Soranzo and Michael Newberry from Sheffield Hallam University have examined a painting called La Bella Principessa that only recently was shown to be painted by da Vinci himself. The study, published in—Vision Research—determined that the smile’s enigmatic qualities followed from the same principles as the Mona Lisa Smile. They confirmed that it did, and that a similar painting (by a different artist) from the same period, did not. They argue that Mona Lisa’s own enigmatic smile—which was painted after La Bella Principessa’s—was therefore not a fluke, but an intentional feature of da Vinci’s mastery in expressing subtle emotions. 
A long lost painting called "La Bella Principessa" reveals the earliest known ;use of his famous enigmatic smile technique from before the Mona Lisa was painted. The master seemed to intuit that the visual system is blurred in the peripherally, and used the illusion to heightened effect in his art.
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guy yak's profile photoluckyme1328's profile photo
2 comments
 
Why was the Mona Lisa more popular?
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Joan Torelló

Psychology  - 
 
CONSCIOUSNESS
What attracts us, which continuously draws our attention, it is what will happen. We continuously anticipate the future, and we do it based on what we know-understand-believe that happened or is happening. What is most immediate and most important, what it is more 'urgent', is what attracts us. Consciousness is the attention to the life and to the future, and is the basic mechanism of our psyche and our behavior (and our survival).
#HenriBergson
http://languageofair.blogspot.com.es/2015/07/consciousness.html
We all have an idea of what consciousness is, but it is not easy to give a definition. Consciousness would be something that every moment is present in our minds in our experience... You can say that it is a working knowledge...
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Parmeni Illetterati

Artificial intelligence  - 
 
Italian researcher discovered the laws of the mind

An Italian researcher has written a book in which he explains the fundamental laws of the mind. This book explains how to put together special neural networks to generate a full cognitive system.
The book is now in Italian and in draft version. I hope soon to be published and translated into English. It can be seen at this link

http://www.academia.edu/6783625/
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Parmeni Illetterati's profile photoSov Kamm's profile photoJulio Lopez's profile photoTrond Arild Tjøstheim's profile photo
2 comments
 
Comments and feedback can be very useful  tankyou
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