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Parental care and fledging BIRD
At the time of their hatching, chicks range in development from helpless to independent, depending on their species. Helpless chicks are termed altricial, and tend to be born small, blind, immobile and naked; chicks that are mobile and feathered upon hatching are termed precocial. Altricial chicks need help thermoregulating and must be brooded for longer than precocial chicks. Chicks at neither of these extremes can be semi-precocial or semi-altricial.
A female Calliope hummingbird feeding fully grown chicks.
Altricial chicks of a white-breasted woodswallow.
The length and nature of parental care varies widely amongst different orders and species. At one extreme, parental care in megapodes ends at hatching; the newly hatched chick digs itself out of the nest mound without parental assistance and can fend for itself immediately.[177] At the other extreme, many seabirds have extended periods of parental care, the longest being that of the great frigatebird, whose chicks take up to six months to fledge and are fed by the parents for up to an additional 14 months.[178] The chick guard stage describes the period of breeding during which one of the adult birds is permanently present at the nest after chicks have hatched. The main purpose of the guard stage is to aid offspring to thermoregulate and protect them from predation.[179]
In some species, both parents care for nestlings and fledglings; in others, such care is the responsibility of only one sex. In some species, other members of the same species—usually close relatives of the breeding pair, such as offspring from previous broods—will help with the raising of the young.[180] Such alloparenting is particularly common among the Corvida, which includes such birds as the true crows, Australian magpie and fairy-wrens,[181] but has been observed in species as different as the rifleman and red kite. Among most groups of animals, male parental care is rare. In birds, however, it is quite common—more so than in any other vertebrate class.[56] Though territory and nest site defence, incubation, and chick feeding are often shared tasks, there is sometimes a division of labour in which one mate undertakes all or most of a particular duty.[182]
The point at which chicks fledge varies dramatically. The chicks of the Synthliboramphus murrelets, like the ancient murrelet, leave the nest the night after they hatch, following their parents out to sea, where they are raised away from terrestrial predators.[183] Some other species, such as ducks, move their chicks away from the nest at an early age. In most species, chicks leave the nest just before, or soon after, they are able to fly. The amount of parental care after fledging varies; albatross chicks leave the nest on their own and receive no further help, while other species continue some supplementary feeding after fledging.[184] Chicks may also follow their parents during their first migration.[185]
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With every smile and every kind word, you are changing the World.
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From the Google+ 2nd Anniversary Photowalk - Downtown Atlanta
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Our crew was small but we had fun!
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5 Photos - View album

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In Halifax it poured rain and only a few of us brave souls ventured forth.  Here is a crappy phone photo of our group.
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Shots from the Cincinnati Walk...
This is the event that started everything last year. The organizer is trying to start earlier this year. I wanted to get this out there to save the date. 

Thought we would do Eden Park this time out. Suggestion from last walk. Start in the little park outside of the entrance. We usually call it the Romulous and Remus park since it has a statue of that story. Has a great overlook and convenient parking.

If folks want to grab lunch afterwards, we can go just down the rode to the Walnut Hills Skyline.

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I had to share this shot from Saturday's G+ 2 Year Anniversary Photowalk by +Tom Tran.  He had this idea as we were walking by this structure in Lincoln Park Chicago.  Great idea Tom and so much fun!


#chicagrapher   
#G+2YearAnniversary
#G+2YearAnniversaryChicago

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This is just part of the crowd that turned out for the New York photowalk.
Google+ Second Anniversary Photowalk NYC

Wow! What an awesome day with an incredible group of photographers. +Michael Bonocore joined +Alan Shapiro and +Google+ Photos own +Brian Matiash in leading the Google+ Second Anniversary Photowalk in New York City. The turn out was incredible, the prizes were extraordinary, and everyone was in great spirits, despite the New York humidity. Stay tuned for information on the Hangout On Air, where the photo contest winners will be announced.

Check out the event page to see some AWESOME NYC Photos!
https://plus.google.com/u/1/b/118357019708110162087/events/crd6a9h4jk6e6hh4dmt91o7aegg

Please feel free to tag yourself in this photo! And a Smuggy Care package will be mailed to the first person who correctly counts the number of people in this photo :)

#SmugMug #NewYorkCity #Photography #Photowalk #NYC
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Chicago photowalkers 
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