Amalan-amalan yang dianjurkan dan Dilarang Pada Hari Jum'at

Oleh: Al-Ustadz Abdul Mu’thi, Lc.
Di samping shalat Jum’at dan seluruh rangkaian ibadah yang menyertainya, ada beberapa amalan yang disyariatkan untuk dikerjakan pada hari Jum’at, di antaranya.
1. Memperbanyak shalawat atas Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wassalam
Hal ini berlandaskan hadits Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wassalam,
“Sesungguhnya di antara hari-hari kalian yang paling mulia adalah hari Jum’at. Karena itu, perbanyaklah bershalawat kepadaku pada hari itu karena shalawat kalian akan ditampakkan kepadaku.” (HR. Abu Dawud dalam as-Sunan no. 1528 dari Aus bin Aus radhiyallahu ‘anhu. An-Nawawi rahimahullah dalam Riyadhus Shalihin menyatakannya shahih)
2. Membaca surat al-Kahfi pada malam Jum’at dan siang harinya
Landasannya adalah atsar Abu Sa’id al-Khudri radhiyallahu ‘anhu, beliau berkata,
“Barangsiapa membaca surat al-Kahfi pada hari Jum’at, akan bersinar baginya cahaya antara dirinya dan Baitul Haram.” (Riwayat al-Baihaqi dalam asy-Syu’ab dan dinyatakan shahih oleh al-’Allamah al-Albani dalam Shahih al-Jami’)
Atsar tersebut juga datang dengan lafadz yang lain, “Barangsiapa membaca surat al-Kahfi pada hari Jum’at maka akan bersinar baginya cahaya antara dua Jum’at.” (Riwayat an-Nasa’i dalam Alyaum Wallailah, dan asy-Syaikh al-Albani menyatakan shahih dalam Shahih at-Targhib no. 735)
Adapun hadits yang menyebutkan,
“Barangsiapa membaca (surat) Yasin pada suatu malam, ia berada di pagi hari dalam keadaan telah diampuni. Barangsiapa membaca (surat) ad-Dukhan pada malam Jum’at, ia berada di pagi hari dalam keadaan telah diampuni,”
adalah hadits palsu. Hadits ini diriwayatkan oleh Ibnul Jauzi rahimahullah dalam al-Maudhu’at. Ibnul Jauzi rahimahullah berkata, “Ad-Daruquthni berkata, ‘Muhammad bin Zakaria (perawi hadits ini) memalsukan hadits’.” (Lihat kitab Ahaditsul Jumu’ah hlm. 131)
3. Disunnahkan membaca surat as-Sajdah dan ad-Dahr (al-Insan) pada shalat subuh di hari Jum’at
Hal ini berlandaskan hadits Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wassalam membaca pada shalat subuh di hari Jum’at “Alam tanziil” (surat as-Sajdah) dan “Hal ataa ‘alal insaan” (surat ad-Dahr). (Shahih al-Bukhari no. 891)
Disebutkan bahwa hikmah disyariatkannya membaca dua surat ini karena keduanya mengandung isyarat tentang penciptaan Adam yang terjadi pada hari Jum’at dan adanya isyarat tentang kondisi hari kiamat yang akan terjadi pada hari Jum’at. (lihat Fathul Bari 2/379)
Larangan-larangan Pada Hari Jum’at
 
1. Dilarang mengkhususkan malam Jum’at dengan shalat malam
Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wassalam bersabda,
“Janganlah kalian mengkhususkan malam Jum’at untuk shalat malam di antara malam-malam yang ada.”
2. Larangan mengkhususkan puasa pada siang harinya
Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wassalam bersabda,
“Janganlah kalian mengkhususkan hari Jum’at dengan puasa di antara hari-hari yang ada kecuali (bertepatan) dengan puasa yang biasa dilakukan oleh salah seorang dari kalian.” (HR. Muslim dari Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu)
Demikian pula hadits Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu, ia berkata, “Aku mendengar Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wassalam bersabda, “Janganlah salah seorang kalian puasa di hari Jum’at kecuali (bersama) sehari sebelumnya atau setelahnya’.” (Muttafaqun ‘alaih)
Adapun hikmah dilarangnya puasa pada hari Jum’at karena pada hari itu disyariatkan memperbanyak ibadah, yaitu zikir, doa, tilawah al-Qur’an, dan shalawat atas Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wassalam. Oleh karena itu, seseorang dianjurkan tidak berpuasa agar bisa menopang terlaksananya amalan-amalan tersebut dengan semangat tanpa kebosanan.
Hal ini sama dengan jamaah haji yang wukuf di Padang Arafah yang disunnahkan tidak berpuasa karena hikmah tersebut.
Ada pula ulama yang menyebutkan hikmah yang lain, yaitu karena hari Jum’at adalah hari raya, dan pada hari raya tidak boleh berpuasa.
Demikian pula di antara hikmahnya adalah untuk menyelisihi orang-orang Yahudi karena mereka mengkhususkan hari raya mereka untuk puasa. Wallahu a’lam. (Diringkas dari kitab Ahaditsul Jumu’ah hlm. 47-48)

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apa yang harus kita lakukan
jika kita mengalami rindu yang teramat pada Rasul dan Alloh SWT
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Is it just sheer love?
 
"And if you obey most of those on earth, they will mislead thee from the way of Allah. They follow nothing but conjecture, and they do nothing but lie (to Allah). "(Surah Al-An'am: 116)
 

Today 'love' which is celebrated by the people of the West in recent years called 'Valentine's Day' is very popular and spread in different parts of Indonesia and even in Malaysia as well. More so when the month of February in which many of us encounter jargon (symbols or advertisements) do not exist for the sake of Islami only to expose (promote) Valentine. Various entertainment venues ranging from discotheques (disco / nightclub), hotels, organizations or small groups; many of which compete to offer the event to celebrate Valentine. With support (effect) mass media such as newspaper, radio or television; the majority of Muslims are also fed (served) with advertisements for Valentine's Day.
 
  HISTORY OF VALENTINE:

It is indeed ironic thing (sad / not supposed to happen) when our ears hear even our own 'plunge' in celebration of Valentine Valentine is without knowing the history itself. Valentine actually is a martyr (in Islam is called a 'martyr') that because the offense and the character of 'generous' then he was given the title of Saint or Santo.

On February 14, 270 AD, St. Valentine was killed because of his dispute (conflict) with the Roman authorities at the time of King Claudius II (268-270 AD). To glorify him (St. Valentine), which is considered as a symbol of perseverance, courage and resignation in the face of attempts to live, then his followers to commemorate the death of St. Valentine as a 'ritual'.
 

But since the 16th century AD, 'ritual' is starting to fade away and turned into a 'non-religious celebration'. Valentine's Day dinner party then connected with affection the ancient Romans called "Supercalis" which falls on February 15.
 

After the Romans came the Christian religion (Christianity), the party 'supercalis' then associated with funerals St. Valentine. Front funerals St. Valentine as a 'day of love' is also associated with the belief that the time Europeans 'love' it began to sprout 'how male and female birds' on 14 February.
 

In French Normandy, in the Middle Ages there was the word "Galentine" which means 'galant or love'. Rime between galentine and valentine cause people to think that young people should be in finding a life partner on February 14. With the development of the times, a 'martyr' named St. Valentino will probably continue to shift much sense (away from the actual meaning). Man today is no longer a clear idea of the origin of Valentine's Day. Where in this day and age, people familiar with the late Valentine (via) greeting card, fraternity party, gift exchange (exchanging gift giving), and so on without wanting to know the historical background of more than 1700 years ago.
 

From here we can conclude that moment (p / time / time) is just not more patterned sheer animist beliefs or who seek destructive 'creed' muslim while introducing western lifestyle in the guise of romance (under the guise of romance), marriage and love.
 
VIEWS OF ISLAM

As a Muslim ask ourselves, what are we going to emulate just something that is clearly not derived from Islam?
 

Let us consider the word of God s.w.t .:

"And do not belong to you what you do not know. The hearing, sight, and hearts, all these things will be asked ". (Surah Al-Isra: 36)
 

In Islam the word "know" means capable of sensing (know) with all five senses are dominated by the liver. Knowledge to the extent and nature of actually lifting content. Not merely can see or hear. Nor is it merely know the history, purpose, what, who, when (if), how, and where, but more than that.
 

Therefore Islam strongly forbids belief that piggybacking (push / pts) to a different faith or in Islam called Taqlid.

Prophet's hadith: "Whoever imitates a people or follow (religion) he included race (religion) of it".
God's Word S.W.T in Surah Al-Imran (Family of Imran) verse 85: "And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it occasionally is not accepted (the religion) thereof, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers".

THINGS THAT SHOULD BE GIVEN NOTICE: -

In Valentine's problems need to be understood in depth, especially in the eyes of religion because life we can not escape or be separated from religion (Islam) as a way of life. Here are some things that must be understood in the problem of 'Valentine's Day'.
 

1. PRINCIPLES / POLICY
    Valentine's Day is a celebration by the festive banquets 'supercalis' where the ancient Romans when they entered the Christian Religion (Christianity), then changed to 'religious' associated with the death of St. Valentine.
 

2. HUMAN RESOURCES
    Valentine was clearly not derived from Islam, but rather stem from the design of the human mind forwarded by the church. Therefore behold, adhering to the rational mind of man alone, but if it is not based on Islam (Allah), then it will be rejected.

Allah says in Surah Al Baqarah verse 120: "The Jews and Christians will not be pleased with you until you follow their religion.

Say: "Allah's guidance is the guidance of the (true)". And if you follow their desires after the knowledge which hath reached thee, then thou find neither protector nor helper ".
 

3. PURPOSE
    The purpose of creating and expressing affection in the eyes of the earth is good. But not a minute to a day and a day for a year. Nor means we must refer to the Valentine seems to elevate above the other teachings of Islam. Islam's mission to the people by ordering his followers to love and build a lasting brotherhood under the auspices of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Even the Prophet s.a.w. said: "Do not believe one of you so that he loved his brother as his love for yourself".
 

4. OPERATIONAL
In general, Valentine Day events held in the form of debauchery and chaos.
Consider the words of Allah: "Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Shaytaan and Shaytaan is ever ungrateful to his Lord." (Surah Al-Isra: 27)

Al-Anfal verse 63, which reads: "... even if you spend all the (wealth) which is in the earth, you could not have attuned their hearts, but Allah hath attuned them. Verily, He (God) Almighty, the Wise. "
 

It's obvious! Whatever the reason, we can not accept cultural imports from outside manifestly contrary to the belief (faith) us. Do we pollute our faith under the pretext of tolerance and solidarity. Because if the talk of tolerance, Islam is the most tolerant in the world.
 

How far we've swung step hail (worship) Valentine's Day? Of course we realized early on (date), in order not to fall further. We need not envy and jealousy with ceremonies and other forms of religious love. Is not Allah the Ar Rahman and Ar Rohim. Not just a day for a year. Nor is packed with lust. But clearly love in Islam is wider than that. In fact Islam is an 'alternative' last man after failing with other systems.
 

Look at the rise of Islam !!! Look defects shown by Western civilization both in the mass media, television and so on. Because the West is actually only recognized problem or concern in the nature of the material. Their hearts are empty and they are like 'robot' soul.
 

MARI ISTIQOMAH (HOLD FIRMLY)
Consider the Word of God:
"... And if you follow their desires after the knowledge of the truth, if you be among those who do wrong".
 

May Allah give us guidance and determination to be istiqomah with Islam so that our hearts to receive the truth and live by its precepts.

The purpose of it all is that we are always obedient to the will of Allah swt we can meet with him either Adam to Prophet Muhammad

God's Word s.w.t .:
"Whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, he will be with those who were given favors from among the prophets, the Siddiq (true faith), martyrs, Sholihin (people Salih), they are the best of friends".
 

Lawyers said Zulkifli Nordin (lawyer in Malaysia) in the tapes 'apostates' who mafhumnya: -

"VALENTINE" is the name of a priest. His name is Pedro St. Valentino. February 14, 1492 is the day of the fall of Muslim Spain. This pastor announce or declare the day a 'love' because in Islam it is INJUSTICE !!! The fall of the Kingdom of Spain Islam is celebrated as Valentine's Day. We wish you all !!! Take Teaching So .. why do we want to celebrate this Valentine's Day because it was the day we fall of the Islamic empire in Spain ..
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