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#Cornell CIS and #Adobe collaboration creates #AI photo tool - New research from Computing and Information Science and Adobe may add another creative option to image editing software.
- There may a new cool tool for image editing software in the future. If you’re a fan of making your photo into a Monet or Warhol, there’s now a way to make changes to a photograph by transferring the style and other elements from another photograph.
- Computer science professor Kavita Bala, doctoral student Fujun Luan, and Adobe collaborators Sylvian Paris and Eli Shechtman have released a paper detailing their new Deep Photo Style Transfer. The paper explains how the researchers have augmented style transfer, transposing the look of one photo onto another using neural networks to make sure the details of the original image are preserved. The researchers will present their paper at the Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition in July.

“There has been a lot of interest in the idea of stylizing photographs,” said Bala. “What motivated us is the idea that style could be imprinted on a photograph but it is still intrinsically the same photo. This turned out to be incredibly hard. The key insight finally was about preserving boundaries and edges while still transferring the style.”

The researchers used deep machine learning to add a neural network layer that pays close attention to edges within the image, like the border between a tree and a lake.

“The method we came up with is surprisingly very effective. It was a tough nut to crack, so when we got it working after many attempts at a solution, it was a big breakthough,” said Bala. “The response has been outstanding. It has definitely captured people’s imaginations as a way to stylize photos in a more dramatic way.”

>> Article written BY Leslie Morris, all credicts, source:

http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/2017/05/cornell-cis-and-adobe-collaboration-creates-ai-photo-tool

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The signal carriers in this 2-D superconductor are Majorana fermions, which could be used for a braiding operation that theorists believe is vital to quantum computing. source https://news.uci.edu/research/ucis-new-2-d-materials-conduct-electricity-near-the-speed-of-light/
#UCI’s new 2-D materials conduct electricity near the speed of light - Substances could revolutionize electronic and computing devices => #Physicists at the University of California, Irvine and elsewhere have fabricated new two-dimensional materials with breakthrough electrical and magnetic attributes that could make them building blocks of future #quantum computers and other advanced electronics.

In three separate studies appearing this month in Nature, Science Advances and Nature Materials, UCI researchers and colleagues from UC Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Princeton University, Fudan University and the University of Maryland explored the physics behind the 2-D states of novel materials and determined they could push computers to new heights of speed and power.

“Finally, we can take exotic, high-end theories in physics and make something useful,” said UCI associate professor of physics & astronomy Jing Xia, a corresponding author on the three studies. “We’re exploring the possibility of making topological quantum computers for the next 100 years.”

The common threads running through the papers are that the research is conducted at extremely cold temperatures and that the signal carriers in all three studies are not electrons – as with traditional silicon-based technologies – but Dirac or Majorana fermions, particles without mass that move at nearly the speed of light.

One of the key challenges of such research is handling and analyzing miniscule material samples, just two atoms thick, several microns long and a few microns across. Xia’s lab at UCI is equipped with a fiber-optic Sagnac interferometer microscope that he built. (The only other one in existence is at Stanford University, assembled by Xia when he was a graduate student there.) Calling it the most sensitive magnetic microscope in the world, Xia compares it to a telescope that an ornithologist in Irvine could use to inspect the eye of a bird in New York.

“This machine is the ideal measurement tool for these discoveries,” said UCI graduate student Alex Stern, lead author on two of the papers. “It’s the most accurate way to optically measure magnetism in a material.”

>> In a study published in Nature, the researchers detail their observation – via the #Sagnac interferometer – of magnetism in a microscopic flake of chromium germanium telluride. The compound, which they created, was viewed at minus 387 degrees Fahrenheit. CGT is a cousin of graphene, a superthin atomic carbon film. Since its discovery, graphene has been considered a potential replacement for silicon in next-generation computers and other devices because of the speed at which electronic signals skitter across its almost perfectly flat surface.

But there’s a catch: Certain computer components, such as memory and storage systems, need to be made of materials that have both electronic and magnetic properties. Graphene has the former but not the latter. CGT has both.

His lab also used the Sagnac interferometer for a study published earlier this month in Science Advances examining what happens at the precise moment bismuth and nickel are brought into contact with one another – again at a very low temperature (in this case, minus 452 degrees Fahrenheit). Xia said his team found at the interface between the two metals “an exotic superconductor that breaks time-reversal symmetry.”

“Imagine you turn back the clock and a cup of red tea turns green. Wouldn’t that make this tea very exotic? This is indeed exotic for superconductors,” he said. “And it’s the first time it’s been observed in 2-D materials.”

The signal carriers in this 2-D superconductor are Majorana fermions, which could be used for a braiding operation that theorists believe is vital to quantum computing.

“The issue now is to try to achieve this at normal temperatures,” Xia said. The third study shows promise in overcoming that hurdle.

In 2012, Xia’s lab delivered to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency a radio-frequency oscillator built around samarium hexaboride. The substance is an insulator on the inside but allows signal-carrying current made of Dirac fermions to flow freely on its 2-D surface.

Using a special apparatus built in the Xia lab – also one of only two in the world – UCI researchers applied tensile strain to the samarium hexaboride sample and demonstrated in the Nature Materials study that they could stabilize the 2-D surface state at minus 27 degrees Fahrenheit.

“Believe it or not, that’s hotter than some parts of Canada,” Xia quipped. “This work is a big step toward developing future quantum computers at nearly room temperature.”

Funding for UCI’s involvement in the three studies was provided by the National Science Foundation. Additional support was furnished by the U.S. Department of Energy.

>>> article source and all credicts :
https://news.uci.edu/research/ucis-new-2-d-materials-conduct-electricity-near-the-speed-of-light/


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As you know we are supporting Open-Source projects for quantum science. From our partner organization, JuliaQuantum (http://juliaquantum.github.io), you are invited to join the JuliaQuantum Google Summer of Code project discussion and proposal review on GitHub:
Discussion: https://github.com/JuliaQuantum/JuliaQuantum.github.io/issues/32
Proposal review: https://github.com/JuliaQuantum/Resources/pull/4

Applicants will be paid by Google and the organization to code fundamental computer libraries in Julia under the guidance of mentors selected by the JuliaQuantum organization. All codes will be openly available to the community to advance the quantum science and technology. If you don't know the programming language Julia, you can check their website at http://julialang.org. And Git is a powerful tool to help collaborate on coding and version-control programs: https://git-scm.com/ Welcome to join the open-source projects with your comments and codes!

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Finally, a new experiment shows that parallel world exists with entangled particles.
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/quantum-histories-get-all-tangled?from=timeline&isappinstalled=0

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Here is the original full version: Double quantum-teleportation milestone is Physics World 2015 Breakthrough of the Year

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Everyone knows that if the quantum computers can be built on silicon wafers, then our current computer chip manufacture processes can be rapidly adapted to the quantum era. That would a good thing! Recent progress made by a research group in New South Wales just made this dream much closer by demonstrating two-qubit quantum logic gates on silicon chips...

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Opportunity to Combine Quantum Control of Neutrons with The Study and Engineering of Quantum Materials

An experiment by a team of researchers led from the University of Waterloo’s Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) shows, for the first time, that a wave property of neutrons, Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM), can be controlled. It is an exciting opportunity to combine quantum control of neutrons with the study and engineering of quantum materials.

#Quantum #QuantumResearch #QuantumComputing #QuantumComputer #QuantumPhysics

http://www.quantumcomputingtechnologyaustralia.com/2015/09/25/opportunity-to-combine-quantum-control-of-neutrons-with-the-study-and-engineering-of-quantum-materials/

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The General Availability of the 1000+ Qubit D-Wave 2X Quantum Computer

D-Wave Systems Inc., the world’s first quantum computing company, announced the general availability of the D-Wave 2X™ quantum computing system. The D-Wave 2X features a 1000+ qubit quantum processor and numerous design improvements that result in larger problem sizes, faster performance and higher precision. At 1000+ qubits, the D-Wave 2X quantum processor evaluates all 21000 possible solutions simultaneously as it converges on optimal or near optimal solutions, more possibilities than there are particles in the observable universe. No conventional computer of any kind could represent this many possibilities simultaneously, further illustrating the powerful nature of quantum computation.

#Quantum #QuantumResearch #QuantumComputing #QuantumComputer #D-Wave #Qubit #1000+Qubit

http://www.quantumcomputingtechnologyaustralia.com/2015/08/21/the-general-availability-of-the-1000-qubit-d-wave-2x-quantum-computer/

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#Biostatistics: #Matrix
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Matrix is a #rectangular #array having numbers, #symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns. A matrix with m rows and n columns is called an m × n matrix or m-by-n matrix, while m and n are called its dimensions. The individual items in a matrix are called its elements or entries.

Submit Manuscript: http://www.editorialmanager.com/biobiogroup/ 

For more information:
BlogLink http://www.omicsonline.org/blog/2015/07/13/16476-Matrix.html
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