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|ITA| Il fiume Voiussa (in albanese Vjosë nella forma indefinita, Vjosa nella forma definita) o Aóos (in greco Αώος, in latino Aous) scorre nella Grecia nord-occidentale e nell' Albania sud-occidentale. Ha una lunghezza totale di 272 km, di cui i primi 80 in Grecia. Nasce dalla catena del Pindo, nell'Epiro. Dopo aver attraversato il confine fra i due stati, attraversa l'Albania meridionale e sfocia nel Canale di Otranto, 24 km a nord di Valona.

|ALB| Vjosë (greqisht: Αωος/Αoos) është një lum, i cili buron në veriperëndim të Greqia në Epir dhe derdhet në Shqipëri në Detin Adriatik. Në Antikitet Vjosa njihej me emrin Anio. Në veri të Greqisë përdoren nganjeherë emrat Vojioussa dhe Vovoussa (Βωβούσα).

|GRE| Ο Αώος (Αλβανικά: Vjosë) είναι ποταμός της Ηπείρου με συνολικό μήκος 272 km. Απ' αυτά, τα 80 km βρίσκονται σε ελληνικό έδαφος και τα υπόλοιπα 192 σε αλβανικό. Ο Αώος πηγάζει από την βόρεια Πίνδο και αρχικά διαρρέει μία χαράδρα ανάμεσα στα όρη Τύμφη και Σμόλικα. Νοτιοδυτικά της Κόνιτσας εισέρχεται στην Αλβανία και εκβάλλει στην Αδριατική θάλασσα.

|ENG| The Vjosë (or Aoos [Αώος], in Greek) is a river in northwestern Greece and southwestern Albania. Its total length is about 272 km (169 mi), of which the first 80 km (50 mi) are in Greece, and the remaining 192 km (119 mi) are in Albania. It is fed by several tributaries, such as the Voidomatis, Sarantaporos, Drino and Shushicë. The Aoös' source is in Greece, specifically in the Pindus mountains in Epirus, near the village of Vovousa. An artificial lake has been constructed at an altitude of 1350 m, and there is a hydroelectric dam in place since 1987. It flows through the Vikos–Aoös National Park, where it forms towering canyons and then flows through the town of Konitsa, where it is joined by the Voidomatis. It enters Albania near Çarshovë, where it is joined by the Sarantaporos. and then continues northwest through Përmet, Këlcyrë, Tepelenë (where it is joined by the Drino), Memaliaj, Selenicë and Novoselë. It then flows into the Adriatic Sea, northwest of Vlorë; mouth of the river is situated within the boundaries of the Vjosa-Narta Protected Landscape.

http://pillandia.blogspot.com/2017/12/2015-al-gr-albaania-kreeka-albania.html

Photo: 2015
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|ITA| Il ponte internazionale che collega Talismán (Messico, a destra) con El Carmen (Guatemala, a sinistra).
Nonostante lo stazionamento di agenti di entrambi i Paesi sopra al ponte, sotto c'è un viavai di persone che trasportano indisturbate merci di contrabbando.

|ENG| The international bridge that links Talisman (Mexico, background, on the right) and El Carmen (Guatemala, foreground, leftwards).
There are agents from both nations stationed on the bridge. Below the bridge, people cross back and forth unbothered by authorities.

http://pillandia.blogspot.com/2017/12/2016-gt-mx-guatemala-mehhiko-guatemala.html

Photo: 2016
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Along the border of Turkey with Syria.
Photo: April 2017
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Source:
https://www.dezeen.com/2017/04/25/turkey-completes-first-phase-900-kilometre-wall-syrian-border/
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Along the border of Turkey with Syria.
Photo: April 2017
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Source:
https://www.dezeen.com/2017/04/25/turkey-completes-first-phase-900-kilometre-wall-syrian-border/
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The international railway at the border crossing of Aqina, between Afghanistan and Turkmenistan (2016).

Location in Google Maps:
https://www.google.com/maps/@37.2334821,65.2699166,16z

Source and credits:
https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/tajikistan/28388/eu-bomnaf-upgrades-border-crossing-point-bcp-aqina-afghan-turkmen-border_en
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International border between Heřmanice (Czechia) and Markocice (Bogatynia, Poland).

http://pillandia.blogspot.com/2017/12/2009-cz-pl-tsehhimaa-poola-cechia.html

Photo: 2009
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International border between Markocice (Bogatynia, Poland) and Heřmanice (Czechia).

http://pillandia.blogspot.com/2017/12/2009-cz-pl-tsehhimaa-poola-cechia.html

Photo: 2009
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The border between Hungary and Serbia is 175 km (109 mi) long. In June 2015 the Hungarian cabinet approved construction of a 4 m (13 ft) high barrier. Construction of the barrier began in early July. As of early August, Hungary was on track to complete the fence by the end of the year. The fence, which features concertina wire, is being built by contractors and a deployment of 900 soldiers at a cost of 30 billion forints ($106 million) for the 4-m (13-ft) fence and the construction of two camps to house asylum applicants.
By mid-August the barrier was taking shape as a double security fence. There is a hastily constructed outer fence made up of three rows of razor wire, scheduled to be complete by the end of August 2015. Inside that, there is a sturdier barrier 3.5 m (11.5 ft) tall. The slow pace of the fence's construction led to the resignation of Csaba Hende, the Hungarian defence minister, on 7 September 2015. The first stage of construction was started on July 13 and it was completed and the border sealed by Monday, 14 September.
The immediate impact of the fence was to block entry to Hungary to migrants unwilling to apply for refugee status in Hungary, deflecting the flow to Croatia. As Croatia led the migrants to its border with Hungary, Hungary then started the construction of a second fence along its border with Croatia on 18 September 2015.
On September 16, migrants prevented by the new fence by crossing the border near Horgoš, Serbia, and Röszke, Hungary, reacted by surging forward and pushing or tearing away a section of the new fence. Hungarian riot police responded with tear gas, causing the migrants to fall back, then regroup and surge forward again, only to be met by another round of tear gas canisters and with water cannon. At this point some of the migrants began tearing apart a decayed structure, to obtain chunks of concrete which, along with rocks were hurled at police as other rioters built debris fires, filling the air with smoke. The riot subsided as word spread the Hungarian police had opened a nearby gate, but as 200 or 300 migrants walked through the newly opened gate, Hungarian police "surged forward", swinging batons and firing tear gas into the crowd of migrants.
Hungary was widely criticized for its use of tear gas and water cannon against migrants attempting to enter the country. Hungary commented the border security: "the official and legal ways to come to Hungary and therefore to the European Union remain open. That's all we ask from all migrants - that they should comply with international and European law".
In April 2016, Hungarian government announced construction of reinforcements of the barrier, which it described as "temporary". In July 2016, nearly 1,300 migrants were "stuck" on the Serbian side of the border. In August 2016, Orbán announced that Hungary will build another larger barrier on its southern border. On April 28, 2017, the Hungarian government announced it had completed a second fence, 155 km (96 mi) long, on the Serbian border.
Funding of the construction of the Hungary-Serbia border fence and border hunters project has increased tension between Hungary and the other EU member states. In 2015 Hungary and Slovakia asked the Court of Justice of the European Union to annul the EU decision to relocate migrants. Although the opinions of the Court's Advocate Generals are not binding on the European Court of Justice, on 26 July 2017, the assigned Advocate General expressed the view that the Hungary and Slovakia claims should be dismissed. About a month after the Advocate General released his opinion, Hungary asked the European Commission to pay up. On 31 August 2017, the Hungarian government requested that the European Union refund half of the border barrier costs (€400 million). This request was denied by the President of the European Commission on 5 September 2017. The Court of Justice of the European Union dismissed Hungary and Slovakia's claims in a judgment dated 6 September 2017.
Impact on the number of illegal migrants entering Hungary
Attempted border entries have fallen since the barrier was constructed. During the month of September 2015 there was a total number of 138,396 migrant entries, and by the first two weeks of November the average daily number of intercepted migrants decreased to only 15, which is a daily reduction of more than 4,500.
Environmental impact
According to a correspondence published in Nature journal, the border barrier can entangle animals in razor wire and endangers wildlife by blocking animal migration, jeopardizing connectivity of species populations by habitat fragmentation (such as the lesser mole-rat).
http://pillandia.blogspot.com/2017/12/2016-hu-rs-ungari-serbia-ungheria-serbia.html
Photo: 2016
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Along the border between the United States and Mexico, in the outskirts of El Paso (Texas).

Source and credits:
https://www.texascivilrightsproject.org/en/the-border-is-my-home/
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