has expanded on a topic "Heart transplant patients benefit from high-intensity interval exercise"
"High-intensity interval training can help clinically stable heart transplant recipients achieve increased exercise capacity, maintain control of blood pressure and gain improved resting heart rate when compared with moderate exercise, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation.
There are over 2,000 heart transplants that take place in the US annually, most occurring between the ages of 50-64 years, with around 70% of cases male.
High-intensity exercise has been deemed safe in heart transplant patients, with the effect on exercise capacity and blood pressure control superior to moderate-intensity training.
Survival rates in solid organ transplant - for example heart, liver and kidney - have improved significantly, with around 88% of patients surviving the first year after transplant surgery and 75% surviving for 5 years. The 10-year survival rate is around 56%.
After surgery, most heart transplant patients can return to their normal levels of activity. However, less than 30% return to work for many different reasons.
With these improved survival rates, there has been an increased focus on long-term outcomes following transplant including physical function, health-related quality-of-life and cardiovascular mortality.
Exercise has the potential to affect these outcomes; however, research on the optimal timing, type, dose of exercise, mode of delivery and relevant outcomes is limited.
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