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"The American [African] must remake his past in order to make his future... History must restore what slavery [the Maafa] took away.” Arthur Schomburg
Today is the Sunrise day of Arturo Alfonso Schomburg (January 24, 1874), the African-American historian, writer and activist who was a prominent figure during the Harlem Renaissance. As a child, Arthur Schomburg (as he was known) was told by one of his teachers that people of African descent had no history and no achievements. This teacher's words would inspire Schomburg to dedicate the rest of his life to discovering the important accomplishments of people of African descent.
Schomburg was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico to María Josefa, a Black midwife from St. Croix, and Carlos Federico Schomburg, a merchant of German heritage. He attended San Juan's Institute of Instruction to become a teacher and also studied in the Danish West Indies, doing a great deal of research on Black literature. Schomburg immigrated to New York on April 17, 1891, and settled in the Harlem section of Manhattan. After experiencing racial discrimination in the US, he began calling himself "Afroborinqueño" which means "Afro-Puerto Rican". He became a member of the "Revolutionary Committee of Puerto Rico" and became an active advocate of Puerto Rico's and Cuba's independence from Spain. His first known article, "Is Hayti Decadent?", was published in 1904 in The Unique Advertiser. In 1909 he wrote Placido, a Cuban Martyr, a short pamphlet about the poet and independence fighter Gabriel de la Concepción Valdéz. In 1911, Schomburg co-founded with John Edward Bruce the Negro Society for Historical Research, to create an institute to support scholarly efforts. For the first time it brought together African, West Indian and Afro-American scholars.
Schomburg was later to become the President of the American Negro Academy, founded in Washington, DC in 1874, which championed Black history and literature. Schomburg became involved in the Harlem Renaissance movement, and was the co-editor of the 1912 edition of Daniel Alexander Payne Murray's Encyclopedia of the Colored Race.
The historian John Henrik Clarke told of being so inspired by the essay that at age seventeen he left home in Columbus, Georgia to seek out Mr. Schomburg to further his studies in African history. Arthur Schomburg told Dr. John Henrik Clarke, "Son, go study the history of Europe. If you understand the history of Europe you will understand how you got left out of history, who left you out and why you got left out of history. You will understand something else; that no oppressor can successfully oppress a consciously historical people because a consciously historical people would not let it happen. It became a necessity to remove you from history in order to convince you, at least in part, that your are supposed to be oppressed. And to remove from your eyesight every image of endearment, everything that endears you to yourself, so you can feel that at least in part, God has frowned on you and deserted you and put you outside the basis of humanity."
Following dental surgery, Schomburg became ill and died in Madison Park Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, on June 8, 1938.
He was buried in Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn. "Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's work served as an inspiration to Puerto Ricans, Latinos and Afro-American alike. The power of knowing about the great contribution that Afro-Latin Americans and Afro-American have made to society, helped continuing work and future generations in the Civil rights movement."

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March 21, 1965, in Selma, Alabama, Martin L. King, Jr., Ralph Bunche and Abraham J. Heschel.  

"Susannah Heschel, a Professor of Jewish Studies at Dartmouth College, whose father Abraham Joshua Heschel marched alongside Dr. Martin Luther King at the third protest march from Selma depicted in the film, said that the iconic photo of her father marching with Dr. King “has meant so much to so many people,” even President Obama.

“President Obama said to me ‘your father is our hero’, everybody knows that picture,” Heschel said. “I felt sad and I had moments when I felt angry,” she said of the omission, describing it as “tragic.”

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Japan responds to ISIS: "The act of threat in exchange of people's lives is unforgivable" -

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Japan PM calls purported ISIS threat against two Japanese hostages 'unforgivable':

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"U.S. District Judge Sam Sparks ruled that the state of Texas violated Brantley’s 14th Amendment right to due process by setting unreasonable and irrational requirements for her to teach braiding. Sparks also said that the regulations excluded Brantley from the market “absent ‘a rational connection with … fitness or capacity to engage in’ hair braiding instruction.” 

Congrats! to Brantley, I've followed the story since it came to my attention in 2013. 

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Black History Notes


HOMETOWN: Houston, TX - PERSONAL: 5’6; 140 lbs; left-handed

YEARS RIDING: 5 - EDUCATION: Prairie View A & M University

OTHER JOB: Agricultural Research - Championship Bull Riding (CBR) WOLRD CHAMPIONSHIP QUALIFICATIONS: 3-2011, 2010, 2009

MENTOR: Tuff Hedeman and Donny Gay

CAREER HIGHLIGHTS: 2010 CBR Nashville Event Champion; 2, 90 pt plus rides in Nashville on Mission Top and Cude Energy; 2nd 2010 CBR Lubbock; 4, 90 pt plus career rides

Neil Holmes made his CBR debut in late 2009, and he made an instant impact by qualifying for the Tour Finale. “Competing in Championship Bull Riding is a wonderful experience, but my biggest highlight is surrounding myself with all the great people and bull riders.

The ability to get advice and tips from guys like Tuff Hedeman and Don Gay is like a basketball player having a pickup game with Michael Jordan." Holmes won in Nashville in February, and he has had a good first full season in the CBR in spite of late season injuries.

Holmes had one of the worst bull riding wrecks of the season in Huron, SD. The injury put him out until the Tour Finale, but he is healthy and ready to go for 2011. Holmes who introduced himself to bull riding saw guys doing it and wanted to try it.

Holmes said, "When I was a senior in high school, I got on my first bull. I started entering local rodeos, and that's where I met Johnathan Brown and Craig Jackson. They took me in and started letting me ride with them, and we never looked back!" Neil looks up to guys like Don Gay and Charles Sampson because they did something no others have done.

But my hero in life is definitely my mother. She is an amazing person.

Brother William

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King Leopold II of Belgium was responsible for the deaths and mutilation of 10 million Congolese Africans during the late 1800’s. The spoils of modern day Belgium owes much to the people of the Congo River Basin.

In the 23 years (1885-1908) Leopold II ruled the Congo he massacred 10 million Africans by cutting off their hands and genitals, flogging them to death, starving them into forced labour, holding children ransom and burning villages. The ironic part of this story is that Leopold II committed these atrocities by not even setting foot in the Congo.

Such was the brutality of Leopold’s Congo that those who failed to meet the rubber quotas set by the Belgian officers, were routinely flogged with the chicote or had their hands severed (the chicotte was a whip made out of raw, sun-dried hippopotamus hide, cut into a long sharp-edged cork-screw strip. It was applied to bare buttocks, and left permanent scars. Twenty strokes of it sent victims into unconsciousness and a 100 or more strokes were often fatal. The chicotte was freely used by both Leopold's men and the French).

Present day Democratic Republic of Congo is estimated to hold $24 trillion (US) in untapped minerals, mostly diamonds. Following the independence of The Congo from Belgium in June 1960, Patrice Lumumba, leader of the Mouvement National Congolais (MNC), was elected Congo’s first democratically elected president. Ten weeks later following a coup de tat headed by General Mobutu Sese Seko, Patrice Lumumba was murdered by firing squad. Evidence has recently emerged that shows the US and Belgian government’s involvement in his murder.
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Henry "Box" Brown

Henry "Box" Brown was a 19th century Virginia slave who escaped to freedom by arranging to have himself mailed to Philadelphia abolitionists in a wooden crate. For a short time he became a noted abolitionist speaker and later a showman,..

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Least we forget
Under the Uninted Soviet Socialist Republic Communist government 7 million people were starved to death in an act of Genocide.

It is worth the note that the French, German, and U.K. governments are not part of the handful of governments that acknowledge this even happened. 
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