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Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa (/ˈkwɑːn.zə/) is a week-long celebration held in the United States and in other nations of the Western African diaspora in the Americas. The celebration honors African heritage in African-American culture, and is observed from December 26 to January 1, culminating in a feast and gift-giving. Kwanzaa has seven core principles (Nguzo Saba). It was created by Maulana Karenga and was first celebrated in 1966–67.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kwanzaa

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Amsterdam (VOC ship)
The Amsterdam (Dutch : [ˌɑmstərˈdɑm]) was an 18th-century cargo ship of the Dutch East India Company. The ship started its maiden voyage from Texel to Batavia on 8 January 1749, but was wrecked in a storm on the English Channel on 26 January 1749. The shipwreck was discovered in 1969 in the bay of Bulverhythe, United Kingdom, and is sometimes visible during low tides. The wreck site is protected under the Protection of Wrecks Act since 1974. Some of the findings from the site are in the Shipwreck and Coastal Heritage Centre in Hastings. A replica of the ship is on display in Amsterdam.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amsterdam_(VOC_ship)
Amsterdam replica
Moored outside the museum is a replica of the Amsterdam, an 18th-century ship which sailed between the Netherlands and the East Indies. The replica was built in the years 1985–1990.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nederlands_Scheepvaartmuseum
Location on Google Map
https://www.google.co.th/maps/place/National+Maritime+Museum/@52.3716939,4.9061114,3630m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x0:0x59a81b9e66483986
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Erasmusbrug
The Erasmus Bridge (Dutch: Erasmusbrug) is a combined cable-stayed and bascule bridge in the centre of Rotterdam, connecting the north and south parts of this city, second largest in the Netherlands. The bridge was named after Desiderius Erasmus a.k.a. Erasmus of Rotterdam, a prominent Christian renaissance humanist.
The 802-metre-long (2,631 ft) bridge across the New Meuse was designed by Ben van Berkel and completed in 1996. The cable-stayed bridge section has a single 139-metre-high (456 ft) asymmetrical pale blue pylon with a prominent horizontal base, earning the bridge its nickname "The Swan".
The southernmost span of the bridge has an 89-metre-long (292 ft) bascule bridge for ships that cannot pass under the bridge. The bascule bridge is the largest and heaviest in Western Europe and has the largest panel of its type in the world.
After costing more than 165 million Euros to construct, the bridge was officially opened by Queen Beatrix on September 6, 1996. Shortly after the bridge opened to traffic in October 1996, it was discovered the bridge would swing under particularly strong wind conditions. To reduce the trembling, stronger shock dampers were installed.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erasmusbrug
Location on Google Map
https://www.google.co.th/maps/place/Erasmusbrug/@51.909004,4.4871227,1834m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x0:0xf43b51dff4165c58
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Kröller-Müller Museum
The Kröller-Müller Museum (Dutch : [krʏlərˈmylər myˌzeːjəm] or [-myˌzeːjʏm]) is an art museum and sculpture garden, located in the Hoge Veluwe National Park in Otterlo in the Netherlands. The museum was founded by art collector Helene Kröller-Müller and opened in 1938. It has the second-largest collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, after the Van Gogh Museum. The museum also has a sculpture garden. The museum had 330,000 visitors in 2013.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kr%C3%B6ller-M%C3%BCller_Museum
Location on Google Map
https://www.google.co.th/maps/place/Kr%C3%B6ller-M%C3%BCller+Museum/@52.0955802,5.8174162,1826m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x0:0x5f1c202a8802205e
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Christmas tree
The Christmas tree was first used by German Lutherans in the 16th Century, with records indicating that a Christmas tree was placed in the Cathedral of Strassburg in 1539, under the leadership of the Protestant Reformer, Martin Bucer. In the United States, these "German Lutherans brought the decorated Christmas tree with them; the Moravians put lighted candles on those trees." When decorating the Christmas tree, many individuals place a star at the top of the tree symbolizing the Star of Bethlehem, a fact recorded by The School Journal in 1897. Professor David Albert Jones of Oxford University writes that in the 19th century, it became popular for people to also use an angel to top the Christmas tree in order to symbolize the angels mentioned in the accounts of the Nativity of Jesus.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_tree
The Christmas tree is considered by some as Christianisation of pagan tradition and ritual surrounding the Winter Solstice, which included the use of evergreen boughs, and an adaptation of pagan tree worship; according to eighth-century biographer Æddi Stephanus, Saint Boniface (634–709), who was a missionary in Germany, took an axe to an oak tree dedicated to Thor and pointed out a fir tree, which he stated was a more fitting object of reverence because it pointed to heaven and it had a triangular shape, which he said was symbolic of the Trinity. The English language phrase "Christmas tree" is first recorded in 1835 and represents an importation from the German language. The modern Christmas tree tradition is believed to have begun in Germany in the 18th century though many argue that Martin Luther began the tradition in the 16th century.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas
Nordmann fir, noble fir, Fraser fir and balsam fir are popular Christmas trees, generally considered to be the best for this purpose, with aromatic foliage that does not shed many needles on drying out.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fir
Christmas tree production occurs worldwide on Christmas tree farms, in artificial tree factories and from native stands of pine and fir trees. Christmas trees, pine and fir trees purposely grown for use as a Christmas tree, are grown on plantations in many western nations, including Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States. In Australia, the industry is relatively new, and nations such as the United States, Germany and Canada are among world leaders in annual production.
Great Britain consumes about 8 million trees annually, while in the United States between 35 and 40 million trees are sold during the Christmas season. Artificial Christmas trees are mostly produced in the Pearl River delta area of China. Christmas tree prices were described using a Hotelling-Faustmann model in 2001, the study showed that Christmas tree prices declined with age and demonstrated why more farmers do not price their trees by the foot. In 1993, economists made the first known demand elasticity estimates for the natural Christmas tree market.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_tree_production
 
Strasbourg Cathedral
Strasbourg Cathedral or the Cathedral of Our Lady of Strasbourg (French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Strasbourg, or Cathédrale de Strasbourg, German: Liebfrauenmünster zu Straßburg or Straßburger Münster), also known as Strasbourg Minster, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Strasbourg, Alsace, France. Although considerable parts of it are still in Romanesque architecture, it is widely considered to be among the finest examples of high, or late, Gothic architecture. Erwin von Steinbach is credited for major contributions from 1277 to his death in 1318.
At 142 metres (466 feet), it was the world's tallest building from 1647 to 1874 (227 years), when it was surpassed by St. Nikolai's Church, Hamburg. Today it is the sixth-tallest church in the world and the highest extant structure built entirely in the Middle Ages.
Described by Victor Hugo as a "gigantic and delicate marvel", and by Goethe as a "sublimely towering, wide-spreading tree of God", the cathedral is visible far across the plains of Alsace and can be seen from as far off as the Vosges Mountains or the Black Forest on the other side of the Rhine. Sandstone from the Vosges used in construction gives the cathedral its characteristic pink hue.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strasbourg_Cathedral
Location on Google Map
https://www.google.co.th/maps/place/Cath%C3%A9drale+Notre+Dame+de+Strasbourg/@48.5818799,7.7510348,15z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0x0:0xe7152777f55e2738
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Santa Claus
Santa Claus has been believed to make a list of children throughout the world, categorizing them according to their behavior ("naughty" or "nice") and to deliver presents, including toys, and candy to all of the well-behaved children in the world, and sometimes coal to the naughty children, on the single night of Christmas Eve. He accomplishes this feat with the aid of the elves who make the toys in the workshop and the flying reindeer who pull his sleigh. He is commonly portrayed as living at the North Pole and saying "ho ho ho" often.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Claus
Santa Claus' reindeer
In the Santa Claus tale, Santa Claus' sleigh is pulled by flying reindeer. These were first named in the 1823 poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas", where they are called Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Dunder, and Blixem. Dunder was later changed to Donder and—in other works—Donner (in German, "thunder"), and Blixem was later changed to Bliksem, then Blitzen (blitz being German for "lightning"). Some consider Rudolph as part of the group as well, though he was not part of the original named work referenced previously. Rudolph was added by Robert L. May in 1939 as "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reindeer
A Visit from St. Nicholas
"A Visit from St. Nicholas", more commonly known as "The Night Before Christmas" and " '​Twas the Night Before Christmas" from its first line, is a poem first published anonymously in 1823, and later attributed to Clement Clarke Moore, who acknowledged authorship in 1837.
The poem, which has been called "arguably the best-known verses ever written by an American", is largely responsible for some of the conceptions of Santa Claus from the mid-nineteenth century to today, and has had a massive impact on the history of Christmas gift giving. Prior to the poem, American ideas about St. Nicholas and other Christmastide visitors varied considerably. It became a popular poem which was set to music and was recorded by many artists.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Visit_from_St._Nicholas
History of Christmas Gift Giving
While many people believe that the act of giving gifts during Christmas became a tradition due to the biblical story about how the three wise men brought gifts of gold, myrrh, and frankincense to the baby Jesus, these gifts were not the first winter gifts given. In fact, gift giving during the winter is an ancient tradition that can even be traced to winter-solstice celebrations before the famous birth occurred. During the ancient ceremonies of Saturnalia, which were celebrated for seven days beginning on December 17, Romans believed that their generosity of trading gifts would bring them good fortune in the coming year. In the beginning, these gifts were very modest and included things like wax candles, fruits and nuts, inexpensive wine, and lamps that were tied with a bit of holly to signify the return of light that would come with the passing of the winter equinox. Children would receive small items like terra-cotta rings and tiny dolls made from dough. Later, however, the gifts became more elaborate items like silver and silver objects.
When December 25 was designated as the day to remember the birth of Christ during the 4th century, the popularity of celebrating Saturnalia had begin to fade. Since the newly designated holiday now fell during the same time period of the traditional celebrations of Saturnalia, many Christians brought with them the tradition of gift giving. Gift giving during the celebration of Christmas did not seem to be fully accepted, however, because some Christians disliked the connection to the Pagan holiday, and the tradition quickly became a memory. In fact, gift giving during the Christmas season remained absent until the Victorian Era of the 1800s when Queen Victoria's tradition of giving gifts in celebration of the New Year merged with the Christmas holiday. By this time, many Christians were drawn to the practice of gift giving during Christmas because it reminded them of the activity of the Magi, who was said to have given gifts to the baby Jesus. These days, although the customs and dates for the giving of presents vary from country to country, Christmas is celebrated throughout the world by the giving of gifts.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Christmas_Gift_Giving
Santa Claus Village
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+BhichienSomchoei/posts/TMpXVhndhJb
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Plutonium
Plutonium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94. It is an actinide metal of silvery-gray appearance that tarnishes when exposed to air, and forms a dull coating when oxidized. The element normally exhibits six allotropes and four oxidation states. It reacts with carbon, halogens, nitrogen, silicon and hydrogen. When exposed to moist air, it forms oxides and hydrides that expand the sample up to 70% in volume, which in turn flake off as a powder that is pyrophoric. It is radioactive and can accumulate in bones, which makes the handling of plutonium dangerous.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium
Plutonium is the principal fuel in a fast neutron reactor, and is progressively bred from non-fissile U-238.
http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/nuclear-fuel-cycle/fuel-recycling/plutonium/
Plutonium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with the chemical symbol Pu and atomic number 94. It was used in the first version of the DeLorean time machine to create the nuclear energy needed (1.21 gigawatts) to create temporal displacement. 
http://backtothefuture.wikia.com/wiki/Plutonium
The DeLorean time machine is a fictional automobile-based time travel device featured in the Back to the Future franchise. In the feature film series, Dr. Emmett Brown builds a time machine based on a DeLorean DMC-12 car, to gain insights into history and the future. Instead, he ends up using it to travel over 130 years of Hill Valley history (from 1885 to 2015) with Marty McFly to change the past for the better and to undo the negative effects of time travel. One of the cars used in filming is on display at Universal Studios Hollywood.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeLorean_time_machine

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Maya calendar
The Maya calendar is a system of calendars used in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and in many modern communities in the Guatemalan highlands, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico.
The essentials of the Maya calendar are based upon a system which had been in common use throughout the region, dating back to at least the 5th century BCE. It shares many aspects with calendars employed by other earlier Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Zapotec and Olmec, and contemporary or later ones such as the Mixtec and Aztec calendars.
By the Maya mythological tradition, as documented in Colonial Yucatec accounts and reconstructed from Late Classic and Postclassic inscriptions, the deity Itzamna is frequently credited with bringing the knowledge of the calendar system to the ancestral Maya, along with writing in general and other foundational aspects of Maya culture.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_calendar
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