The University of Dhaka (Bengali: ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় [ɖʰaka biʃʃobid̪d̪alɔe̯], also known as Dhaka University or simplyDU) is the oldest university in modernBangladesh. Established in 1921 during the British Raj, it has been a significant contributor to the modern history of Bangladesh. After the Partition of India, it became the focal point ofprogressive and democratic movements in Pakistan. Its students and teachers played a central role in the rise ofBengali nationalism and theindependence of Bangladesh.
The university's distinguished alumniinclude Fazlur Rahman Khan (pioneer of modern structural engineering),Muhammad Yunus (winner of the 2006Nobel Peace Prize, pioneer ofMicrocredit), Muhammad Shahidullah(Famous educator, philologist, and linguist), Rehman Sobhan (social democratic economist), Mohammad Ataul Karim (physicist), Abul Fateh (one of the founding fathers of South Asian diplomacy), Buddhadeb Bose (20th century Bengali poet), and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (the founding father of Bangladesh). It also enjoyed associations with Satyendra Nath Bose,Vijayaraghavan, and Kazi Nazrul Islam.
Today, it is the largest public universityin Bangladesh, with a student body of 33,000 and a faculty of 1,800. It was identified by AsiaWeek as one of the top 100 universities in Asia. However, since the 1990s, the university has suffered from intensely politicized, partisan, and violent campus politics promoted by Bangladesh's political parties.