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Dear Biocultural Diversity community,

Please take a brief moment from your day and help to protect the world's biocultural heritage by supporting the Darrell Posey Fellowship Program.

This fellowship helps to support indigenous leaders, community groups, and emerging ethnobiologists around the world who are working to promote Indigenous, human and traditional resource rights, conduct ethical and innovative action-oriented ethnoecological research, and address pressing social and environmental concerns.

Your advocacy through this fellowship is invaluable to supporting the stewards and defenders of the world's most threatened and biologically rich areas.

Many humble thanks,
ISE Board & Biocultural Diversity

*Please comment below if you make a contribution/donation*

To learn more, please visit the DP Fellowship Website: https://www.dpfellowship.com
To make a contribution, please visit the Generosity webpage: https://www.generosity.com/community-fundraising/protect-the-world-s-biocultural-heritage

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The complicated territory between federal, tribal, and state actors in navigating both ground and surface water rights in California.

"The Supreme Court’s denial of the agencies’ petition means the tribe has prevailed in winning legal backing for its claim to groundwater rights — a victory that’s expected to change how decisions are made about management of the desert aquifer in Palm Springs and surrounding communities...If the Supreme Court had agreed to hear the case, it would have had a rare opportunity to rule on the question of whether tribes hold special federal "reserved rights" to groundwater as well as surface water, and to define more clearly the boundaries between state-administered water rights and federal water rights. Now that the Supreme Court has let the lower court’s ruling stand, it will be up to lower courts to clarify lingering ambiguities in the established law."

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Warning, this is not a short article. It's on the Ainu, an indigenous group in Japan. The article covers a lot: their history, how the Ainu have survived, how they've been ignored, and what being Ainu means today, but this piece also delves into the Ainu's relationship with bears and how that relationship has changed over the years. Overall, it's a really interesting read about a group often forgotten and ignored.

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Trapping migratory shorebirds for research in lieu of traditional hunting

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Abstract solicitation below for a special section in the Journal of Ethnobiology related to modern agricultural and paleoethnobotany. Submission deadline is January 1st.
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Call for three PhD positions at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS of Erasmus University, the Netherlands) on the political ecology and ecological economics of deforestation in the Amazon. The candidates will join an exciting and dynamic multidisciplinary group conducting research on the political ecology and ecological economics of deforestation in the Amazon in Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.

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A short article from a local Peruvian newspaper (in Spanish) on fishing regulations, their potential impacts, and social consequences)

Here some comments:
The Peruvian sea is one of the most highly productive marine areas in the ocean, especially in terms of fish production (economic examples: fishmeal and fish oil exportations from Peru). In fact, this astonishing production can be explained by analyzing the larger, monospecific, industrial fishery across the ocean (i.e. the Peruvian anchovy fishery). In addition, many others economically important marine species can be mentioned as key commercial species: giant squids, mackerels, jack mackerels, etc. However, the deficient control of illegal fishing, both on industrial and artisanal vessels, continue being a central problem for the sustainability of these marine living resources and therefore producing additional concern because of their non-quantified impacts
For many years, strong economic sanctions were applied to unauthorized and authorized fishing companies (directly or indirectly involved in illegal fishing); however, recently, the Peruvian government is considering reducing these “unfair and abusive sanctions” (the economic sanctions would fall between 60% industrial and 90%-artisanal). They argued that we need to apply a proportional sanction according to the fishing fleet. It is difficult to consider this decision if we take into account that we are talking about a highly-profit extractive activity (7% of total Peruvian exportations, accounting the 25-30% of world fishmeal and fish oil production, $1700/ton).
Clearly, we are failing to regulate the exploitation of our key resources. The Peruvian fishery, as in other cases in the world, has enormous social and economic importance for local communities of people. Unregulated fishing activities seriously aggravate the current situation of many heavily exploited and declined fish stocks. Reduces sanctions do not appear to be the better option in order to control illegal activities. Our governments should try to maintain a constant and unceasing struggle against these chronic problems, which make it difficult to obtain enough benefits derived from fishing activity and their distribution within society.


#fishery, #industrialfishery, #artisanalfishery, #Peru, #management, #society, #illegalfishery

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Is the phenomenological complexity of TEK lost in the acronym itself? We often use similar shorthands out of convenience when discussing socio-ecological systems and biocultural diversity, as a part of a shared disciplinary register, but what may we be losing in the process? Felice Windham explores in the editorial of Ethnobiology Letters:

http://ojs.ethnobiology.org/index.php/ebl/issue/view/25/showToc
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This special issue of Social Analysis, titled "Multiple Nature-Cultures, Diverse Anthropologies," features guest editors Casper Bruun Jensen and Atsuro Morita. The issue opens with their examination of the interrelations between the possible existence of multiple nature-cultures and the indisputable existence of distinct anthropological traditions. Please enjoy like I'm doing right now!

Please visit the Berghahn website for more information about the journal: http://www.berghahnjournals.com/view/journals/social-analysis/61/2/social-analysis.61.issue-2.xml

Volume 61, Issue 2: Multiple Nature-Cultures, Diverse Anthropologies
Guest Editors: Casper Bruun Jensen and Atsuro Morita

Introduction
Minor Traditions, Shizen Equivocations, and Sophisticated Conjunctions
Casper Bruun Jensen and Atsuro Morita
http://bit.ly/2wWedGu

Articles
- Naturalism and the Invention of Identity, Marilyn Strathern
http://bit.ly/2wc8Hyq

- Between Two Truths: Time in Physics and Fiji, Naoki Kasuga
http://bit.ly/2wWztMb

- Natures of Naturalism: Reaching Bedrock in Climate Science, Martin Skrydstrup
http://bit.ly/2wMrYrK

- Raw Data: Making Relations Matter, Antonia Walford
http://bit.ly/2wMJoEV

- Methods for Multispecies Anthropology: Thinking with Salmon Otoliths and Scales, Heather Anne Swanson
http://bit.ly/2wWQDsY

- A Theory of 'Animal Borders': Thoughts and Practices toward Non-human Animals among the G|ui Hunter-Gatherers, Kazuyoshi Sugawara
http://bit.ly/2wCfWRC

- Delta Ontologies: Infrastructural Transformations in the Chao Phraya Delta, Thailand, Atsuro Morita and Casper Bruun Jensen
http://bit.ly/2wiLERf

- The Ontological Turn: Taking Different Worlds Seriously, Andrew Pickering
http://bit.ly/2wMK25g

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The journal conservation biology is exploring this month “how science can build a sustainable future” – revealing opportunities we may not have considered. Meanwhile, the theme of World Environment Day June 5 is “connecting people to nature”— a theme they have chosen for the special research collection we are presenting here. Prof. Damià Barceló, Co-Editor-in-Chief of the Elsevier journal Science of the Total Environment, introduces this collection. You can access the special issue for free:
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