Learning how to learn - that's +Silvia Tolisano's prediction for what she hopes will be the most significant innovation in education in the next 10 years.
Let's hope so. It definitely can have a big impact. Ohio State had a university 101 type course that focused solely on how to learn, how to study, time management, etc., and students who took it were 45% more likely to graduate: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/lrngclas.htm
There was also a Learning How to Learn MOOC last year by Barbara Oakley, who has a great handout on 10 Rules for Good and Bad Studying: http://www.barbaraoakley.com/pdf/10rulesofstudying.pdf
I have listed these and several other university 101 type resources in this document: http://bit.ly/univ101resources