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Definitions:

Universal set :

I

Empty set:



Union of sets



A∪B={x:x∈Aorx∈B}

Intersection of sets



A∩B={x:x∈Aandx∈B}

Complement



A′={x∈I:x∉A}

Difference of sets



A∖B={x:x∈Aandx∉B}

Cartesian product



A×B={(x,y):x∈Aandy∈B}

Set identities involving union

Commutativity



A∪B=B∪A

Associativity



A∪(B∪C)=(A∪B)∪C

Idempotency



A∪A=A

Set identities involving intersection

Commutativity



A∩B=B∩A

Associativity



A∩(B∩C)=(A∩B)∩C

Idempotency



A∩A=A

Set identities involving union and intersection

Distributivity



A∪(B∩C)=(A∪B)∩(A∪C)



A∩(B∪C)=(A∩B)∪(A∩C)

Domination



A∩∅=∅



A∪I=I

Identity



A∪∅=∅



A∩I=A

Set identities involving union, intersection and complement

Complement of intersection and union



A∪A′=I



A∩A′=∅

De Morgan's laws



(A∪B)′=A′∩B′



(A∩B)′=A′∪B′

Set identities involving difference



B∖A=B∖(A∪B)



B∖A=B∩A′



A∖A=∅



(A∖B)∩C=(A∩C)∖(B∩C)



A′=I∖A

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FORMULAES RELATED TO CUBES
after painting all sides of a
cube of N side ,if we cut the cube into some cubes if n side then

(1)-number of small cubes=[N÷n]^3

(2)-number if painted cubes in all sides,5 side,4side=0

(3)-number of cubes painted on 3 sides=8

(4)-number of cubes painted on 2 sides=[12(N-2n)]/n

(5)-number of cubes painted on 1 side=6[(N-2n)]^2/n

(6)- number of cubes not painted at any side=[(N-2n)/n]^3

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