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Quran Chapter 2- 231b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-301) - درس قرآن

Making the Commands of God a laughing-stock

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ ٱلنِّسَآءَ فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ سَرِّحُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ وَلَا تُمْسِكُوهُنَّ ضِرَارًا لِّتَعْتَدُوا۟ وَمَن يَفْعَلْذَٰلِكَ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَهُۥ وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوٓا۟ ءَايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ هُزُوًا وَٱذْكُرُوا۟ نِعْمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَآ أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنَ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ وَٱلْحِكْمَةِ يَعِظُكُم بِهِۦ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ٱللَّهَ وَٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ 231

231b. Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour). And remember Allah’s Grace upon you and that which He hath revealed unto you of the Scripture and of Wisdom, whereby He doth exhort you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Aware of all things.

231b. Wa laa tattakhizuuu ‘AayaaTillaahi hu-zuwaa, wazkuruu ni’matAllaahi ‘alaykum wa maaa ‘anzala ‘alaykum-minal-Kitaabi wal-Hikmati ya‘izukum- bih. Wat-taqUllaaha wa’lamuuu ‘annAllaaha bikulli shay‘in ‘Aliim.

Commentary

Allah Almighty has warned in this verse, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behavior)” like that, we obeyed only those Orders, which we wished and left those Commands which we thought difficult to be acted upon by us. Moreover, “Abide by the entire Rules completely because your goodness is only in it”.

First stone of the social life is family and the family life, and fundamental point of the family is good relationship between husband and wife. So, it will be quite true and just to say that foundation of the entire nation’s social system depends on execution and correction of rights and duties among husband and wife. If the husband pays his wife’s all rights very gracefully and the wife performs also like this in her husband’s rights, then life of the entire society will be established on very strong foundations. But if the relations between husband and wife have been disconnected and any dispute has been created between them, then it is sure that the entire society is in danger. Therefore, all people who like correction, should engage their attention to this side, they should try that the relations among husband and wife remain firm. Islam has emphasized especially this side.

It has been proved also from this verse through this command, “Make not the Revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behavior)” , for example; at first divorced and then revoked, and said that either the word divorce was used as laughter and humor or it was spoken by chance in emotion.

There is abundant wisdom and advisability in these matters of the Divine Law. The human being should think about them and try to reach their depth. Allah Almighty has sent these commandments for our guidance and admonition. It is very necessary for us to reap advantage from them. God Almighty knows our intentions. He is Familiar of our ecstasies. Nothing is hidden from Him. To keep the intention pure and settle the matters; is very needful for us.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/vM9nd3oFq9Y

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-231b-pt-2-stg-1-l-301.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 231a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-300) - درس قرآن

Behavior with the wives

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ ٱلنِّسَآءَ فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ سَرِّحُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ وَلَا تُمْسِكُوهُنَّ ضِرَارًا لِّتَعْتَدُوا۟ وَمَن يَفْعَلْذَٰلِكَ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَهُۥ وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوٓا۟ ءَايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ هُزُوًا وَٱذْكُرُوا۟ نِعْمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَآ أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنَ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ وَٱلْحِكْمَةِ يَعِظُكُم بِهِۦ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ٱللَّهَ وَٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ 231

231a. When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not with the object of hurting them in order that ye transgress (the limits). And he who doeth that hath wronged his soul.

231a. Wa ‘izaa tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a fabalagna ‘ajalahunna fa-‘amsikuu-hunna bi-ma’ruu-fin ‘aw sarrihuu-hunna bi-ma’-ruuf. Wa laa tumsikuuhunna ziraaral-lita’-taduu. Wa many-yaf‘al zaalika faqad zalama nafsah.

Commentary

‘Izaa tallaqtum – (When you have divorced), here it signifies towards the once or twice divorce which may be revoked, after which there is still a chance of inclination.

‘Ajalahunna – (their term), it aims that the period of their term is near to end, but has not yet ended. Otherwise, meaning of ending of the term period will be that now there is no chance for inclination.

Such rule has been mentioned in this verse that as and when a husband divorces his wife once or twice and he has not yet divorced at the third time, then he can revoke before third divorce if he wants, and if he doesn’t wish to incline then he should divorce third time. Or if he remains silent then after the completion of the term, it will be considered automatically that he doesn’t want to incline and he has finished his relationship intentionally with his wife. But it is compulsory that, which path will be adopted by the husband out of these two, that should be according to the Rule and suitable as per the Divine’s Law of Religion. That is to say; if he wishes to retain his wife then he should return with respect and nobility, and if he wants to disconnect his relationship then he should send her wife back from his home with honor and politeness. In short, both forms should be suitable in accord with law and compliments. It should not be so that he inclines to vex and tease his wife, and likewise put her intentionally under his ban.

Those people who violate the rights of women and take them again in marriage to hurt them, God Almighty commanded about them that doing so, they have wronged their souls; they did hurt themselves at their own. It is clear that doing so, their homes might not be remained prosperous. But these will be ruined. They themselves also will remain never in peace and comfort. Their domestic lives will become the spring of distresses and troubles. They both will fail in fulfilling the responsibilities of their children. Therefore, destruction and ruin will encamp at their homes. If this person divorces after some period too then any noble woman will never be ready to wed him. It is better for the husband that he should behave his wife with good manner, so that he may live also happily and his wife too.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/BtBuoyHpR2E

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-231a-pt-2-stg-1-l-300.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 230 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-299) - درس قرآن

Halaalah – a form of temporary matrimony

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَاتَحِلُّ لَهُۥ مِنۢ بَعْدُ حَتَّىٰ تَنكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُۥ فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَآ أَن يَتَرَاجَعَآ إِن ظَنَّآ أَن يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ يُبَيِّنُهَا لِقَوْمٍيَعْلَمُونَ 230

Islam is a natural religion and has complete Code in practice for the entire life of human beings. It shows the way of acquiring betterment and welfare for the life in this world and after death. Islam is masterly over the entire sections of human life. There is no such problem of life; solution of which; it doesn’t explain and there is no direction, commands about which it doesn’t issue.

Collective life of the mankind begins from a family. If the family life is successful and the relationship among husband and wife are in well condition then it is evident that every individual will find himself in a very good environment. He may be able to do his work with good manner. The children will find superior model role for themselves and they will follow their elders on the straight path at the time of their maturity. So, Islam makes better the family life of a Muslim. The husband and the wife have central position in the dynasty. If there are good relations and mutual cooperation between them, then every child of that family will go forth upon the way of improvement; step by step easily. But if the relationship between husband and wife is in worse condition and they are disunited due to their thoughts and deeds, then it is much difficult for them to move forward collectively, and their misunderstanding will prove fatal also for their children.

Islam is also apprised this side of human nature and determines the divorce lawful in case of pressure. If any person wishes to divorce, then he should do so after deep meditation. If the woman feels lamentation due to her husband’s behavior, then she may also be gotten released. But the Divine Law of the Religion has imposed some orders and restrictions to realize the importance of married relationships of man and woman, for instance if the husband has devised firm resolution of divorce and doesn’t reconcile during the period of ‘iddat (term) after the second divorce, moreover he divorces her wife third time, then he can’t re-marry with her after it. If he wants to re-wed then its condition is very harsh. That is to say; any other person would have to wed the divorced woman, perform the act of copulation with her and then either divorce her with his will or he dies, and then thereafter; she would have to complete her ‘iddat period. This remarriage is called literally Halaalah. But after this Halaalah, the re-marriage can only be performed in such form when both of them stand firm according to the orders of Allah Almighty, because they both have to think about paying the rights of each other, and have to believe in it. Otherwise, the situation of the destruction of each other’s rights and their mutual quarrels will come again. And they both will fall in sin.

Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has cursed those men in one Hadith out of his Sayings, who make it (divorce) their profession, because a man weds a divorced woman for the purpose that he will divorce her again, so that, her first husband may re-marry this above-mentioned woman.

Alas! The Muslims didn’t recognize the rights of these questions and made the religion droll. Which restrictions were imposed by the Divine Law of the Religion on divorce, didn’t care for them. As and when we wanted, we divorced without thinking. When the anger subsided, we gained our wits, began to lament and we chose unlawful forms of Halaalah. All this badness grew due to carelessness from the religion, ignorance, foolishness and not respecting the matters.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/fEctBbT5-uc

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-230-pt-2-stg-1-l-299.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 230 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-298) - درس قرآن

Form of reconciliation

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَاتَحِلُّ لَهُۥ مِنۢ بَعْدُ حَتَّىٰ تَنكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُۥ فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَآ أَن يَتَرَاجَعَآ إِن ظَنَّآ أَن يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ يُبَيِّنُهَا لِقَوْمٍيَعْلَمُونَ 230

230. And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. And these are the limits of Allah; He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.

230. Fa-‘in- tallaqahaa falaa tahillu lahuu mim- ba’du hattaa tankiha zawjan gayrah. Fa‘in tallaqa-haa falaa junaaha ‘alay-himaaa ‘any-yataraaja-‘aaa ‘in zannaaa ‘any-yuqiimaa Huduu-dAllaah. Wa tilka HuduudUllaahi yubayyi-nuhaa liqawminy-ya’-lamuun.

Commentary

mim- ba’-du – (thereafter), it means after the third divorce.

Tankiha – (she has wedded), this word has been derived from Nikaah which means marriage. It has been commanded in this verse that after the third divorce the divorced woman will not be lawful for her first husband till the time she doesn’t wed any other individual and get divorce from her second husband. Here the word “tankiha” has not been used for the idiomatically meaning as wedding, but it has been used here for its original and literal meaning as ‘copulation’, because only understood meaning of the marriage has already come out from zawjan, so the aim from the word tankiha is to declare intercourse after marriage knot and that is its literal meaning.

‘in zannaaa – (if they consider), that is to say; if they have intention and reliance that thereafter they might be live together with correction and beauty.

It has been stated in this verse that if the husband doesn’t reconcile after first two divorces then now at the third time namely after the two divorces three months are sufficient for setting them make a truce, meditation and consideration. After the third divorce the husband cannot revoke the divorce of that woman who was his wife earlier. Moreover, it is not possible that they wed again except in case that the woman wed any other person after passing the term (‘iddat) period (three months) and after copulation, that second husband either divorces her with his pleasure or dies, and three months/four months & ten days respectively of the term (‘iddat) period expires.

It has already been mentioned that Islamic Divine Law doesn’t like the divorce certainly, so restrictions of various sorts have been imposed in this matter, and it has been instructed, “Meditate and understand thoroughly before divorce”. Islam provided many opportunities so that they may concord again, but after expiry of all these stages, while the divorce has been finalized, then now there is no chance of concession. Now the husband can’t get back again his wife easily.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/pW5mHcOe1GM

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-230-pt-2-stg-1-l-298.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 229b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-297) - درس قرآن

Divorce obtaining by a wife

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

ٱلطَّلَٰقُ مَرَّتَانِفَإِمْسَاكٌۢ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيحٌۢ بِإِحْسَٰنٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَأْخُذُوا۟ مِمَّآ ءَاتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ شَيْـًٔا إِلَّآ أَن يَخَافَآ أَلَّا يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا يُقِيمَاحُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا فِيمَا ٱفْتَدَتْ بِهِۦ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا وَمَن يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّٰلِمُونَ 229

229b. And if ye fear that ye may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin on either if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah, transgress them not. And whoso transgresseth Allah’s limits, such are wrongdoers.

229b. Fa-‘in khiftum ‘allaa yuqiimaa Huduudallaahi, falaa junaaha ’alayhimaa fiimaf-tadat bih. Tilka Huduudullaahi falaa ta’taduuhaa. Wa many-yata‘adda Huduudallaahi fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika humuz-zaalimuun.

Commentary

Reason of revelation of this verse is that a woman came in the court of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and requested that she was displeased from her husband. She did not want to live in her husband’s house. Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) asked about its reason. She answered, “My husband does neither neglect in performing my rights and nor I have any objection on his manners and customs. But I naturally hate him. I don’t want to see his figure. If I would not have the fear of Islam, then I wished to spit on his face”. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) caused to return the dower (Maher) and divorce her.

It has been commanded by Allah Almighty in this verse to the Muslims that if they have fear that the husband and wife are displeased from one another, and they may not live together, then there is no sin for them if they become separate. The woman can get rid of herself from marriage by returning dower to her husband and the husband can get back that wealth. The name of this particular form of divorce (desirous of which is the woman) is called Khula’ (a kind of divorce which is a right of the woman to let free from marriage). Instructions about Khula’ are available in the books of ‘the religious laws’ in detail.

It is evident from this verse that Islam commands us in every matter for correction and betterment of our families, domestic affairs and social relations. If a man is displeased from his wife and considers it difficult to live together with his wife then he can get freedom from her. Like this, if the wife thinks that it is impossible to live in her husband’s home then she also can get freedom from her husband. Purpose of this is only correction of affairs in each form, making the marriage relations better as it may be possible; somehow or other. In the last, it has been warned that these are the limits and conditions (imposed by) Allah, so you should not transgress them because transgressing these limits is a very big sin. Islam desires that the world’s society should be established on goodness and God fearing. Nobody should tyrannize or oppress any other. These limitations are called HuduudUllaah.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/0kqhVaHstuE

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-229b-pt-2-stg-1-l-297.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 229a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-296) - درس قرآن

Divorce revocable

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

ٱلطَّلَٰقُ مَرَّتَانِفَإِمْسَاكٌۢ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيحٌۢ بِإِحْسَٰنٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَأْخُذُوا۟ مِمَّآ ءَاتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ شَيْـًٔا إِلَّآ أَن يَخَافَآ أَلَّا يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا يُقِيمَاحُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا فِيمَا ٱفْتَدَتْ بِهِۦ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا وَمَن يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّٰلِمُونَ 229

229a. Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from them aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah.

229a. ‘At-talaaqu marrataan: fa- ‘imsaa-kum-bima’ruufin ‘aw tasriihum bi- ‘ihsaan. Wa laa yahillu lakum ‘an- ta’khuzuu mim-maaa ‘aatay-tumuu-hunna shay ‘an ‘illaaa ‘any-yakhaafaaa ‘allaa yuqiimaa HuduudAllaah.

Commentary

Fa- ‘imsaakum – (then (a woman) must be retained), that is to say; to retain that wife who has already been divorced once.

Bima’-ruufin – (in honour, according to the Divine Rule of religion), its detail can be gotten from the religious law books.

Bi- ‘ihsaan – (in kindness) removing tense and unpleasant condition which had become purpose of divorce. Dishearten, scorn or lowering the woman down should not be the purpose.

Maaa ‘aatay-tumuuhunna shay- ‘an – (taking from the women aught of that which you have given them), many Commentators have explained it as the amount of kindness (Maher) but some Scholars have extended it as entire that wealth and goods which the husband has given to her wife i.e. ornaments and clothes etc.

It was a custom before Islam that the husband used to divorce her wife many times as he wished, but then he used to revoke from it. This verse revealed to remove this evil and told that revocation can be only after divorcing twice. He has been empowered up to two divorces that if the husband wishes during the time of term (‘iddat), then either he can retain her according to rule or leave her with kindness. But after the expiry of term (‘iddat), revocation is not allowed. However, if they both agree, they can re-marry. And if he has divorced at the third time, then there is no chance of re-wedding too, till the time that woman doesn’t live in any other husband’s home and that husband either doesn’t die or divorce her.

Sometimes the husband divorces in anger, and then he also oppresses to snatch that entire wealth or goods which he has given to her wife till then. During the days of ignorance; this rule had been spread more in the Arabians. Here this cruel principal has been forbidden and declared that amount of the kindness (Maher) etc. which you have paid already, cannot get back now.

Meaning of ‘imsaakum-bima’ruufin and tasriihum bi- ‘ihsaan is that if the husband revokes then he should remain and live with honor and kindness, and if he wants to bid her good-bye then also he should see her off with comfort and nicely. It means that stress of kindness and good behavior should be in all conditions.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/DCsibbsiCYE

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-229a-pt-2-stg-1-l-296.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 228b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-295) - درس قرآن

Reconciliation among husband and wife

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَٱلْمُطَلَّقَٰتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلَٰثَةَ قُرُوٓءٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَهُنَّ أَن يَكْتُمْنَ مَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ فِىٓ أَرْحَامِهِنَّ إِن كُنَّ يُؤْمِنَّ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ وَبُعُولَتُهُنَّأَحَقُّ بِرَدِّهِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ إِنْ أَرَادُوٓا۟ إِصْلَٰحًا وَلَهُنَّ مِثْلُ ٱلَّذِى عَلَيْهِنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَلِلرِّجَالِ عَلَيْهِنَّ دَرَجَةٌ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ 228

228b. And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.

228b. Wa bu- uulatuhunna ‘ahaqqu bi-raddihinna fii zaalika ‘in ‘araaduuu ‘islaahaa. Wa la-hunna mislullazii ‘alayhinna bil-ma’-ruuf, wa lir-rijaali ‘alayhinna darajah. WAllaahu ‘Aziizun Hakiim.

Commentary

Zaalika – (in that case, in it), that is to say; in the term/period of three months.

‘Ahaqqu bi-raddihinna – {they (men) have more rights to take them back}. This proves from it that the husband should not take quite last decision till the time he can delay and it is better if they both (husband and wife) establish themselves again from the beginning, and the time of their separation doesn’t come forever.

The Divine law of Islam has kept it (divorce) lawful only as remedy at the time of necessity and last disposal. It has neither been induced positively to divorce, nor is it liked without need. The words “ ‘Abgazul-mubahaat” have been used in one Hadith of the Sayings of the Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) which means ‘most disliked act near God Almighty out of prescribed lawful acts by Him’ i.e. the divorce. So after meditation and consideration; the husbands would have to do better to take them back in that case if they desire reconciliation. They can cancel the divorce. Technically it is called looking back (towards marriage).

After permitting return (to wife); Allah Almighty has admonished also that the divorce should only be abolished if both the life partners remain in peace and truce with each other in future, and it should not be the purpose to torture the woman. Although, the husband can cancel the divorce legally, but his good behavior doesn’t relate to the law. Moreover; it depends only on his courtesy and good intention. So, the mankind should adopt the way of good apparent and natural behavior.

Then it has been described that as the men have rights over the women, like this, the women also have rights over men. It has been intimated to the world, “you should not deem that only the men have rights over the women, as well as they also have rights over men. However, the man has some degree above the woman in excellence and merit. This excellence and virtue of the man is due to his wisdom and strength. These all commands are from God Almighty which we have to admit because He is most Mighty and Wise.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/VJ57kl3CwPs

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-228b-pt-2-stg-1-l-295.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 228a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-294) - درس قرآن

Waiting period for a woman

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَٱلْمُطَلَّقَٰتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلَٰثَةَ قُرُوٓءٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَهُنَّ أَن يَكْتُمْنَ مَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ فِىٓ أَرْحَامِهِنَّ إِن كُنَّ يُؤْمِنَّ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ وَبُعُولَتُهُنَّأَحَقُّ بِرَدِّهِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ إِنْ أَرَادُوٓا۟ إِصْلَٰحًا وَلَهُنَّ مِثْلُ ٱلَّذِى عَلَيْهِنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَلِلرِّجَالِ عَلَيْهِنَّ دَرَجَةٌ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ 228

228a. Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day.

228a. Wal-mutallaqaatu yatarab-basna bi-‘anfusi-hinna salaasata quruuu’. Wa laa ya-hillu lahunna ‘any-yaktumna maa khalaqAllaahu fiii ‘ar-haa-mihinna ‘in-kunna yu’minna Billaahi wal-Yawmil‘Aakhir.

Commentary

‘Al-mutallaqaatu – (the divorced women), each that woman who has been divorced, is called mutallaqah. According to the religious laws; it aims those wives only, who are free, adult and act of copulation has been performed with them, not those women who are lawful bondwomen, minor or who have not been touched with any adult male.

Yatarab-basna bi-‘anfusi-hinna – (they shall wait, keeping themselves apart), for instance; it should not be as that hither the husband divorced her wife and thither she wedded any other husband. Likewise, this relationship will become just a game.

Salaasata quruuu-‘in – {three (monthly) courses}, literal meaning of qura’ is only a specified period but here it means menstruation.

Maa khalaqAllaahu – (which Allah has created), the thing which is in the womb, that is to say; if she is pregnant then she should not conceal her pregnancy.

It has been mentioned in this verse that if the husband has divorced her wife then that woman should not marry immediately another husband. Moreover, she would have to wait not less than three (monthly) courses. There are many philosophies; for example; the husband gets chance of consideration and meditation with cool heart. On the other side; the faith regarding pregnancy becomes matured. Like this, the children of one person can’t get the other. So, it is duty of the woman that she should disclose which is in her womb.

This term is called ‘iddat in the Divine law of the Religion. As though; two lessons have been commanded here:

· It is reasonable to wait for a specified period after divorce.

· If she is pregnant then she should not conceal but disclose it. There are uncountable moral and social advantages in these both orders.

The matters which are being discussed continuously regarding divorce in this part of Holy Qur’an, demand our special attention, because in the present epoch; the divorce has become a joke in the world. A few women would be in the West who don’t get divorce, whereas in the East, they are tyrannized but are not divorced. There is a dire need to publicize this temperate teaching of Islam nowadays.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/l_gburiSIaU

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-228a-pt-2-stg-1-l-294.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 226 & 227 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-293) - درس قرآن

Commencement of divorce

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

لِّلَّذِينَ يُؤْلُونَ مِن نِّسَآئِهِمْ تَرَبُّصُ أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْهُرٍ فَإِن فَآءُو فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَغَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ 226

وَإِنْ عَزَمُوا۟ ٱلطَّلَٰقَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ 227

226. Those who forswear their wives must wait four months; then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

227. And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that) Allah is Hearer, Knower.

226. Lillaziina yu’luuna min-nisaaa‘ihim tarabbusu ‘arba-‘ati ‘ash-hur. Fa-‘in-faaa-‘uu fa-‘innAllaaha Gafuurur-Rahiim.

227. Wa ‘in azamut-talaaqa fa-‘innAllaaha Samii-‘un ‘Aliim.

Commentary

Yu’-luuna – (who forswear), this word has been derived from ‘iilaa which means forswear. Idiomatically its aim is to swear for living separate from the wife. It was common custom in the Arabians that whenever they used to come in rage, they forswore remaining separate from their wives.

Talaaq – (divorce), according to law, disconnecting the mutual relationship entirely among husband and wife is called ‘divorce’, repudiation. Different ways of divorce were customary in the world before Islam. There was no restriction or responsibility in the matter of divorce among the Jews. Whenever any individual wished, he got rid of his wife writing a divorce letter only. The wife could wed another husband at the same time. Comparing this freedom, the Christians chose very difficult way. They kept no accommodation for husband and wife to be separate, except that the wife becomes guilty of fornication. The same condition is of the Indian religion. The divorce is still unlawful for them till today. On the contrary, Islam adopted the way of temperance.

It was mode of Arabians that after forswearing, which was a kind of divorce according to them, they used to set free from paying the expenditures of their wives, performing other duties and responsibilities for them. Islam corrected this rule and explained that forswearing is not equal to breaking the marriage knot, but it is only the beginning. Islam has determined length of time for meditation, consideration and period for this long time kept four months, which is quite sufficient for this purpose that the husband may think with cool heart on all aspects and this important matter of separation from his wife.

Islam has permitted with the condition that if the husband feels faithfully that if his life partner; either doesn’t cooperate with him or doesn’t fulfill his lawful desires, then he should divorce her, despite it that they pine away their entire lives and remain displeased from each other. It is better that they should be disconnected.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/PpQowapqxiU

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-226-227-pt-2-stg-1-l-293.html

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Quran Chapter 2- 224 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-291) - درس قرآن

Misuse of the oaths

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim.
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.
(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَلَا تَجْعَلُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ عُرْضَةً لِّأَيْمَٰنِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوا۟ وَتَتَّقُوا۟ وَتُصْلِحُوا۟ بَيْنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ 224

224. And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making peace among mankind. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.

224. Wa laa taj-‘alUllaaha ‘urzatal-li-‘ay-maanikum ‘an-tabarruu wa tattaquu wa tus-lihuu bay-nan-naas. WAllaahu Samii-‘un ‘Aliim.

Commentary

‘Urzatan – (aim), this word is used for hindrance and shield/target also. Here it means hindrance only.

Samii-‘un – (the Hearer), God Almighty hears the entire sayings of the human beings as well as every creature. So, the mankind should think before speak in every matter.

‘Aliimun – (the Knower), Allah Almighty Knows better the states and conditions of the mankind. Therefore, he should keep purity and sincerity in his intention every time.

Tabarruu – (treat with kind), this word has been derived from the word Barr, which means goodness.

Whenever the people used to displease from any other, they used to make God Almighty, by their oaths that they would neither go unto him nor speak with him and nor try to make a truce between them with whom he has quarreled, even that; if the displeasure had been among the close relatives, and then these oaths used to become pretence for leaving many good deeds. At the very time if anybody used to say, “Why did you leave to do these acts?” they used to feign that they had made the oath for this action.

Even, it was worse to leave the good deeds also, what it had become bad that using the name of Allah Almighty, the Great, they used to grow the situation of being saved from the good deeds. This verse is signifying towards such matter and it is being commanded that “don’t do so in future and if anybody has sworn already then it is sufficient to break that oath and expiate. The scholars have disliked often swearing in abundance also and without any necessity, because, due to this reason; the name of Allah Almighty is devalued, and it is also not good to call the name of God Almighty for the bad deeds.

Allah Almighty is The Great, Glorious and Owner of the entire universe. His Name is also Grandeur and Great. It is very bad to make witness to so much High and Excelled Name upon any wicked deed. Then it is worst to use His name for defense for not doing the good acts. Allah Almighty doesn’t prevent from doing good, so, this excuse is quite meaningless. The name of God Almighty should never be used for oath for the likewise deeds, and if any individual has already sworn erroneously; then he should break it and expiate.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/_az5kohJZFY

http://messengermuhammadpeacebeuponhim.blogspot.com/2017/09/quran-chapter-2-224-pt-2-stg-1-l-291.html
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