Stream

Join this community to post or comment

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Hadith  - 
 
Very important hadeth 
3
Add a comment...

Yasna

Discussion  - 
 
 
From Īmān to Kufr: Rise & Fall of the ‘Pious’
by: Z A Rahman

“So after the truth, what else can there be, save error? How then are you turned away?” [1]

Whilst the numbers of those apostatising from Islām are far less than in any other religion, it is nonetheless a phenomenon which takes place in the Muslim community, particularly in this age where being Muslim is as the Messenger of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) said:

“There will come a time when holding on to your Īmaan (belief) will be like holding on to hot coals”. [2]

In addition, we are currently living in an age where religion and morality have been pushed aside, the floodgates of immorality and secularism have been opened, and where Islamophobia is at a record high, there are those who have made an industry from selling their faith for fame and fortune by either renouncing their faith openly, or by seeking to fictitiously claim to be Muslim whilst targeting Muslims and seeking to call for a reformation of the Qur’ān and its interpretation.  In some of these cases, there are individuals who never really had any association to Islām other than it being their birth-right i.e. they were born in a Muslim household. There are others however who were well known within the community for their piety, some even participated in one of the greatest of deeds in Islām, jihād in the path of Allāh. Many of us struggle to understand how a person can go from a path of righteousness, in some cases living in the laps of scholars, to one of destruction and living in the laps of the shayatīn and enemies of Islām. The following events which have come to pass should serve as a reminder that we should not be surprised by such people and they should enable us to understand that such incidents have happened before and will continue to happen.

Iblīs

Where better to start than Iblīs. The essence of being a Muslim is to submit oneself in ultimate humbleness to Allāh. But it is perhaps a great irony of humans that when we become more humble and submissive to Allāh, a grave trap awaits many of us where we become arrogant believing our level of submission and righteousness to be greater than that of others. Of course, the chief character in all this, from whose life we can all learn vital lessons, is Iblīs himself, may Allāh curse him.

When discussing the story of Iblīs, we learn from Ibn Kathīr that many reports have been transmitted from the Salaf (pious predecessors), and most of them come from the Isrāiliyyāt (tradition of the Children of Israel), which may have been transmitted in order to be examined i.e. as opposed to being accepted as is. Allāh knows best about the veracity or otherwise of many of them. Some of them are definitely to be rejected because they go against the truth which we hold in our hands, the Qur’ān. We know from the Glorious Qur’ān that he was indeed a jinn as Allāh says:

“…So they prostrated themselves except Iblīs (Satan). He was one of the jinn…” [3]

Al-Ḥasan al-Basri said: “Iblīs was not one of the angels, not even for a single moment. He is the father of the jinn, just as Ādam (ʿalayhi al-Salām) is the father of mankind”. It is nevertheless accepted that Iblīs was noted for his piety such that he was brought in the company of the angels and those nearest to Allāh. When Allāh created Ādam (ʿalayhi al-Salām) he shaped him into a human being, but he remained a figure of clay for 40 years. The angels went past him and were seized with fear by what they saw, and Iblīs felt fear most. He used to pass by the hollow figure of Ādam, buffeting it, which would make a sound like pottery. And Allāh tells us,

“(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: ‘Truly I am going to create man from clay. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him…[4].. So they prostrated themselves except Iblīs (Satan). He was one of the jinn; he disobeyed the command of his Lord…[5]… (Allāh) said: ‘O Iblīs! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with both my hands? Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Ādam) or are you one of the high exalted?’ (Iblīs) said “I am better than he. You created me from fire, and you created him from clay… Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced.” [6]

The trap of arrogance was indeed one which the accursed Iblīs fell into and due to his arrogance, he was cast out and became the accursed. You will find this very same characteristic in some of those in our times who were known for their piety and have subsequently strayed. In such cases, when you analyse matters carefully, you will find it was their arrogance in believing that the Muslim community and/or the group they subscribed to owed them something on account of their own perceived piety, be it respect, acknowledgment of a good action, or a certain position, perhaps, which eluded them. The likeness of such a situation is like a business deal in which one party has not been informed of the price.

Barsisa

Another story which comes to mind in this discussion is that of Barsisa. At the time of Banī Isrāīl (Children of Israel), there was a man in a small village called Barsisa who was a monk and known for his piety. One day three brothers were called upon to take part in the noble and blessed deed of Jihād. They had a sister and they did not want to leave her by herself. They thought that the safest place to leave her was in the care of Barsisa because he was the most trusted man they knew. When asked, Barsisa said: “Aʿūdhu billāh (I seek refuge in Allāh), get away from me.” This was because he was scared of falling into sin. The brothers said, “We have nowhere else to leave our sister but with you. We don’t trust anyone else.” So Shaytān came to Barsisa in the form of Waswasah (Whisperings) and said, “If you do not accept, she might be left with somebody who might not be trustworthy. You have to take this responsibility.”

So Barsisa told the brothers, “Leave her in the empty house across the road from my monastery.” The brothers then left her there and went for Jihād. Barsisa took care of their sister and would leave her food outside his house and she would have to come out and walk across to his doorstep to pick up her food. Sometime later however, Shaytān told Barsisa, “somebody might see her by herself coming out and this is not safe for her so why not leave the food closer for her?” Barsisa agreed and started leaving the food outside her house. But Shaytān was not happy with this either, so sometime later, he returned and asked Barsisa, “Why don’t you go in and leave it on the table, so that no one sees her coming out and going in alone at all”. Again, Barsisa agreed and he started leaving the food on the table in her house.

Then again one day Shaytān said, “Why don’t you talk to her, she is all alone and has no one to talk to”. So Barsisa agreed and started talking to her from behind a door. Shaytān then asked Barsisa to just go in and talk to her, and finally, he had got them alone in a room together and this led to him committing Zina (fornication). In fact, she also became pregnant. As soon as the baby was born, Shaytān returned and said to Barsisa, “What have you done? When her bothers return, you will be in serious bother so get rid of the evidence”. So Barsisa killed the baby and buried it. The whisperings continued that the mother of the baby would not keep this story from her brothers and he then killed her also. When her brothers returned from Jihād years later, Barsisa informed them that their sister had died of illness. Later that night, Shaytān came to the brothers in a dream and informed them about what Barsisa had done and where the child and their sister could be found. The brothers awoke in a state of shock and dug up the fake grave and found it empty. They then dug the placed Shaytān showed them in the dream and found the child and their sister!

So they went to Barsisa and forced him to disclose the secret of what happened. He went ahead and told them the whole story. The three brothers took Barsisa to the King’s court where Barsisa knew he would be given the death penalty. Shaytān came to Barsisa again for the final time. This time he revealed himself and told him he was the one whispering the thoughts to him. And he said that he could save Barsisa so long as Barsisa made Sujūd (prostration) to him. Barsisa, out of desperation made Sujūd to him, this confirmed his Kufr (disbelief) and Shaytān said to him “I am free of you, I fear Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Ālamīn (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!” and left Barsisa who was then stoned to death. On the day of judgement, he will be resurrected making sujūd to Shaytān.

This story shows how a person’s own sense of piety was used against them in a cunning and patient manner by Shaytān for indeed had Shaytān asked Barsisa to fornicate, kill a person or make sujūd to him at the outset, he would not have done so. Similarly, you have some today who claim to be Muslim whilst believing in concepts such as secularism and evolution, concepts which some years before they themselves would have declared as a heresy but such is the arrogance in how they consider their own intellect, that they seek to interpret a matter which none before them had ever done.

ʿUbaydullāh b. Jaḥsh

ʿUbaydullāh b. Jaḥsh was married to Umm Ḥabibah Ramlah bint Abi Sufy`ān (raḍiy Allāhu ʿanha), the mother of the believers and sister of the great companion Muʿāwiyah (raḍiy Allāhu ʿanhu). She became Muslim with her husband ʿUbaydullāh. It is stated by some that he was amongst those who believed in the religion of Ibrāhīm (ʿalayhi al-Salām) being part of the group of Waraqa bin Nawful who were awaiting the coming of a Messenger before the Prophet’s (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) messengership, at a time when many around him were worshiping idols. He was among the early group of people who became Muslim which is why he and his wife made Hijra, migrated to the land of Al-Habasha (Abyssinia, modern day Ethiopia). The significance of the Hijra is embodied in the Islamic calendar in that the inception of the Islamic calendar is taken from this date as it represents a history of perpetual struggle between truth and falsehood, freedom and oppression, light and darkness and between peace and war. This Hijra was made at the instruction of the Messenger (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) for a group of Muslims to escape the persecution by the Mushriks, polytheists of Makkah. This was a group which contained great names which would illuminate the sky like bright starts such as ʿUthmān b. ʿAffān; Ruqayya bint Rasūlullāh; Jʿafar b. Abi Ṭālib; Zubayr b. al-ʿAwwām; ʿAbdurrahmān b. ʿAwf; Abū ʿUbayda; Musʿab b. ʿUmayr; ʿAbdullāh b. Masʿūd (raḍiy Allāhu ʿanhum).

But despite being from amongst the foremost who embraced Islām and despite being among those who were blessed enough to see and take his Shahādah (declaration of faith) from the Messenger of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) himself, ʿUbaydullāh b. Jaḥsh is remembered today for being the person who, whilst living in Habasha, became Christian and left Islām. He stayed in the land of Habasha until he died and he died as a Christian. As for his wife, she remained true to her faith and later when she came to Madīnah, her steadfastness was rewarded by Allāh through her marriage to the greatest of creation, the Prophet of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) and thus she is awarded the prestigious title, as is the case with all the wives of the Prophet, and forever remembered as one of the Ummahātul-Muʾminīn, Mothers of the Believers. [7]

Points to Note:

The great lesson to be taken is that Shaytān will always seek to lead mankind astray. In some cases, the early steps in the path to destruction may even appear to be quite sincere, but the end result bears witness to its evil at source.

We should always seek refuge in Allāh from Shaytān and we should never think we have enough knowledge or are strong enough to be free from him.

We must never forget that Īmān (faith) is a gift to us, a gift which must be nurtured and cherished, and which is the means of admittance into Paradise inshāAllāh (God Willing). Indeed the Messenger of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) said:

“Allāh gives worldly things to those He loves and to those He does not love, but He gives Īmān only to those He loves, so he who is given Īmān by Allāh has been loved by Him.” [8]

What a great blessing has been lost by those who have renounced their faith for their desires and worldly gain.

We should also make sure that we always keep in check our intentions lest we join the list of those who are damned, and we must be aware of not becoming the person whom ʿUmar b. Al-Khattāb` (raḍiy Allāhu ʿanhu) described when he said: “Whoever decorates himself by displaying to the people some characteristics that Allāh knows are contrary, will be disgraced and dishonoured by Allāh” [9]. Another important reminder is that we should never become too attached to contemporary personalities and shuyūkh because you do not know in which state they will die. This is contrasted to holding on to the view of the classical scholars, since you know that they died upon Islām

Let us constantly remember that no one is safe from misguidance. We should therefore remember to constantly ask Allāh to keep us on the straight path and let us remember the words of the Messenger of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) wherein is a supplication which he, even whilst being the Messenger, the Imām (leader) of the Messengers and best of the Messengers would often recite.

ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAmr b. al-ʿAas (raḍiy Allāhu ʿanhu) said that he heard Allāh’s Messenger (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) saying, “All the hearts of the offspring of Ādam are between two fingers of Ar-Rahmān’s Fingers, as one heart. He turns it (in any direction) as He wills”. Then Allāh’s Messenger made the following supplication:

يَا مُقَلِّبَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قَلْبِى عَلَى دِينِكَ

“Yaa Muqallibal Quloob Thabbit Qalbee ‘alaa Deenik”.
“O Allah! The Turner of the hearts, turn our heart towards Your obedience/religion.” [10]



Notes:
[1] Al-Qur’ān, 10:32
[2] Tirmidhi
[3] Al-Qur’ān, 18: 50
[4] Al-Qur’ān, 38: 71-78
[5] Al-Qur’ān, 18: 50
[6] Al-Qur’ān, 7: 11-13
[7] Tarikh b. Asakir. Vol. 69, Pg. 135 – 136
[8] Aḥmad
[9] Ad-Daaraqutnee, 4/207
[10] Muslim
2
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Discussion  - 
3
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Hadith  - 
 
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, "The poor will enter Jannah five hundred years before the rich."

[At-Tirmidhi]
5
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Discussion  - 
3
1
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

History of Islam  - 
 
Alhamdulillaah ala kulli haal for the trials and
tribulations Allaah test us with, Alhamdulillaah..
May Allaah bless us with never-ending patience.. Aameen
2
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Discussion  - 
4
Add a comment...

Yasna

History of Islam  - 
 
 
The Prophecy of Islam liberating Europe
Muhammad Fātiḥ: The Man that RasulAllāh (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) Prophesised - Part 2

Written by Z A Rahman

The Conquest and Liberation

On 27 May 1453 (857 AH), Sultan Muḥammad commanded his army to purify themselves and to intensify their worshipping and devotion to Allāh so that He may ease the siege. That night, scholars such as Shaykh Shamsuddin reminded the army of verses from the Qur’ān and reminded them of great men who died trying to liberate the city such as the great Sahābi (Companion), Abū Ayūb al-Ansari (raḍiy Allāhu ʿanhu), who was martyred just outside the city walls at the age of 90. The soldiers spent much of the night uttering the Tahlīl (“Alḥamdulillāh”) and Takbīr (“Allāhuakbar”) and making supplications. Again, there is much parallel with Salāh ad-Dīn who too was known to encourage his soldiers to engage in much worship and to supplicate to Allāh. It is said that on one occasion, Salāh ad-Dīn received news of Crusader ships sailing toward them with reinforcements, he retired to the masjid and spent the night in prayer, beseeching and begging Allāh’s assistance. In the Morning Prayer, he told a pious man to supplicate for them. The person replied, “Don’t fear, O Salāh ad-Dīn, verily the tears of the night have drowned the enemy ships.” A short while later news was received that the ships had indeed sunk.

In the morning (Day 54 of the siege), Sultan Muḥammad delivered his final battle speech in which he instructed the soldiers not to attack the Churches and places of worship, sparing the priests, the weak and those unable to fight in line with the Prophetic injunctions. It is said that the speech had a profound impact on the army as the speech indicated that victory was within their grasps. Later that day, one part of the wall became weak enough for the infantries to rush into the city. The people of Constantinople saw the flag of Islām flag being flown for the first time and the liberation was then completed with Sultan Muḥammad aged 22.

Sultan Muḥammad entered the city on his horse along with his army – his commanders congratulated him whilst he said to them: “You have become the liberators of Constantinople, about whom the Messenger of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) informed us”. He then dismounted his horse and fell in prostration praising Allāh for this prestigious honour and supplicated for the brave Mujāhidīn who were martyred along the way.

He then headed towards the one of the greatest churches in all of Christendom, the Aya Sofia. Inside were many priests to whom Sultan Muḥammad showed kindness and mercy and gave reassurances for the lives and possessions of all in the city on account of which many were said to have become Muslim from witnessing the justice and tolerance of Islām. Sultan Muḥammad gave instructions for Aya Sofia to be transformed into a Mosque as soon as possible in preparation for the Jummuʿah (Friday prayer) that was approaching in the coming days. Accordingly, Aya Sofia was cleansed of any crucifixes and idols, all images were covered up and a mimbar (pulpit) was built. When the blessed day of Jummuʿah arrived, Shaykh Shamsuddin was honoured with delivering the first sermon in what was now and forever from that day forward, the Aya Sofia Mosque. Again, this is very similar to the liberation of Al-Aqsa by Salāh ad-Dīn who entered the city on a Friday and immediately began the cleaning of the Mosque in readiness for the prayer and he too showed justice to the Christians where no house was exposed to plunder and no individual was harmed. His soldiers, acting on instructions, patrolled the streets and gates, preventing any aggression to which the Christians might be exposed and the release of his captives, even at his own expense.

In the meantime, Sultan Muḥammad continued to meet the heads of the various religions and sects reassuring them all that they would each receive their religious rights with each having their appointed leader, own schools and places of worship – such was the tolerance of Islām in contrast to the barbaric Crusaders and their treatment of Jews and Muslims in Palestine and Al-Andalus, Spain. Sultan Muḥammad also sent letters and gifts to all the rulers of the Islamic World, in Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, Persia and India to inform them of the great victory which he claimed not just for himself and the Ottomans, but for all of Islām and Muslims.

His Death

Sultan Muḥammad Fātiḥ continued to spread Islām in the Conquest of Serbia (1454–1459); Conquest of Morea (1458–1460); Conquests on the Black Sea coast (1460–1461) Conquest of Wallachia (1459–1462) wherein he famously defeated the Dracula; Conquest of Bosnia (1463); Conquest of Karaman (1464–1473); Conquest of Albania (1466–1478); Conquest of Genoese Crimea and the alliance with Crimean Khanate (1475).

Not being content on fulfilling one of the sayings of the Prophet (sallAllāhu ‘alayhi wasallam), Sultan Muḥammad Fātiḥ sought to now conquer the heart of Christendom, Rome for indeed the Messenger of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) said that the Muslims would liberate Rome.[Muslim] However, whilst marching with the Ottoman army to the campaign, he became ill. After some days, he died on 3 May 1481, at the age of 49 – Allāh has destined this to be achieved at the hands of another great noble individual.
______________________

Points to Note:

The liberation of Constantinople paved the way for Islām to enter Europe. The conquest remains one of the great events in not just Islamic history, but that of world history. The liberated city was from here on forever to be referred to as ‘Islāmbul’, meaning the “City of Islām”. It should be noted that it was only during the secularisation process of Ataturk where it took on the name of ‘Istanbul’ which has no relevant meaning. Incidentally, there are coins in the British Museum from 1730 where the name of the city, Islambul is clearly imprinted. Many factors played into the hands of the Muslims which made the liberation of Constantinople ripe, for example, crusading nations such as France and England were exhausted from ‘The Hundred Year War’, Germany had internal affairs to deal with whilst Spain were busy waging war against the Muslims in Andalusia.

I have made many references to the similarities between Sultan Muḥammad al-Fātiḥ and Salāh ad-Dīn to highlight that what they achieved was not just by mere chance but that there is a similar thread with respect to their noble characteristics as a result of which Allāh enabled victory and honour to be achieved at their hands.

We also learn that neither god-conscious leader, nor brave liberator emerges, except that there is a group of pious scholars around him to teach and guide him and to also themselves participate in the battles leading by example. There are many such examples in history such as the role played by Shaykh Bahā’ ad-Dīn b. Shaddād with Salāh ad-Dīn, Shaykh Shamsuddin with Muḥammad al-Fātiḥ as seen here, as well as the ‘Shaykh of Scholars’, Al-`Izz b, Abdis-Salām alongside Saif-ad-Din Qutuz.

Today our youth are motivated to become footballers or celebrities which is in sharp contrast to the young Sultan Muḥammad who desired to be a blessed leader mentioned by the Prophet of Allāh.

Perhaps the greatest accolade with respect to this noble warrior is that for both Muslims and non-Muslims alike, he was forever to be known and remembered as Muḥammad al-Fātiḥ (Muḥammad the Conqueror) – establishing a direct link to the one prophesised by the Messenger of Allāh (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) – liberator of Constantinople and defeater of the Romans. Finally, his army should also not be forgotten as they too were prophesised about as the best army ever.


- Sultan Muḥammad al-Fātiḥ, Dr ʿAli Muḥammad al-Salābi;
- The Ottomans in History and Civilisation, Muhammad Harb


#MuslimHeroes #KnowYourHeroes #GoldenAgeUnderKhilafah #History #MuslimHistory #Knowledge #Read #AlFatih #Ottoman #Khilafah #Chaliphate  
3
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Discussion  - 
 
Always Have Good Thoughts About Allaah عز وجل
2
Add a comment...

About this community

Islam is the true way of life , it is eternal and will lead you to inner peace, perfection, spirituality, in this life and the hereafter. Our goal is gain Jannah ,not Jahhanam.
1
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Discussion  - 
2
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Hadith  - 
5
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Hadith  - 
 
parents parents parents
your way to janaah
1
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Hadith  - 
 
Importance of Haya (Modesty)

عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ حِرَاشٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَسْعُودٍ، عُقْبَةُ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِنَّ مِمَّا أَدْرَكَ النَّاسُ مِنْ كَلاَمِ النُّبُوَّةِ، إِذَا لَمْ تَسْتَحِي فَافْعَلْ مَا شِئْتَ

Narrated Abu Masud `Uqba: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “One of the sayings of the prophets which the people have got is: ‘If you do not feel ashamed, then do whatever you like.’”

سیدنا ابو مسعود عقبہ بن عمرو انصاری بدری سے روایت ہے، رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا: سابقہ نبوت کے کلام میں سے لوگوں نے جو باتیں پائی ہیں، ان میں سے ایک یہ بھی ہے کہ جب تو حیا چھوڑ دے تو جو دل چاہے کر۔

[Sahih Al-Bukhari, Book of Prophets, Hadith: 3483]
Chapter: The tale of the Cave

#Hadith
 ·  Translate
1
Add a comment...

Nishat Zubairi

Discussion  - 
4
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Hadith  - 
 
Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, relates from his Lord that Allah said:

...."O my servants, you sin by night and day and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from me and I will forgive you."

يَا عِبَادِي إِنَّكُمْ لَنْ تَبْلُغُوا ضَرِّي فَتَضُرُّونِي وَلَنْ تَبْلُغُوا نَفْعِي فَتَنْفَعُونِي

Source: Sahih Muslim 2577, Grade: Sahih
 ·  Translate
4
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Discussion  - 
 
A beautiful reminder for all single parents out there: Single mothers and Single fathers.

May Allah SWT reward you for your struggles because it is harder to raise children alone and with little support! Ameen
2
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

Discussion  - 
9
Arya Panangsang's profile photo
 
Excelent
 ·  Translate
Add a comment...

Tarek Khedr
moderator

History of Islam  - 
5
Add a comment...