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💥The corruption of politics & the placement of power in the hands of the profoundly undemocratic corporate !
💥 Iron law of oligarchy and stratification of society
💥Oligarchy & Fascism!
🔴 The Iron law of oligarchy is a political theory, first developed by the German sociologist Robert Michels in his book 1915 Political Parties.
⭕️ He later became an important ideologue of Mussolini's fascist regime in Italy.
💢 The simplest formulation of the 'Iron Law of Oligarchy': "Who says organization, says oligarchy."
🔵 In essence Iron law of oligarchy postulate that any complex organization self-generate its own elite, an oligarchy that has disproportional influence on the decisions made in the organization.
♐️ Such an elite is pretty autonomous from "rank-and-file" members & is little affected by elections.
🔴 As such Iron law of oligarchy stands in stark opposition to pluralism and suggests that:-
"participatory democracy" is a utopian ideal and that democracy is always limited to very narrow strata of existing oligarchy (top 0.01% in the USA).
🔵 It also stands in opposition to state autonomy theory.
♐️ As such iron law of oligarchy is a powerful argument against possibility of "permanent stability" in human societies.
🔵 As elite that got power degrades, newcomers want to displace it and such "regime change" often possible only by violent means.
💥 That's why the institutionalized mechanisms for "rotation of elite" is so important.
🔵 At the same time any revolution, at the end, is just a change on the top layer of elite.
🔵 Which means that they seldom achieve stated goals, especially if such goals include equality and social justice.
🔵The fundamental distinction between the elite and rank-and-file members is always preserved and often enhanced.
🔵As Michels noted in his book Political Parties
" ...society cannot exist without a …dominant… or… political class, and that the ruling class, while its elements are subject to frequent partial renewal, nevertheless constitutes the only factor of sufficiently durable efficacy in the history of human development. "[T]he government, or, … the state, cannot be anything other than the organization of a minority. It is the aim of this minority to impose upon the rest of society a “legal order” which is the outcome of the exigencies of dominion and of the exploitation of the mass …
💢 "Even when the discontent of the masses culminates in a successful attempt to deprive the bourgeoisie of power, this is … effected only in appearance; always and necessarily there springs from the masses a new organized minority which raises itself to the rank of a governing class…” (pp. 353-354).
🔴 The key here is that elite (oligarchy) on any complex organization always holds the lion share of political power and that this power is independent of any democratic elections or revolutions.
🔵 Elite is an organized minority which always outmaneuver and outsmart the rank-and-file of the particular organization ("unorganized majority").
Elite is an organized minority which always outmaneuver and outsmart the rank-and-file of the particular organization ("unorganized majority").
🔵 There is hierarchy within the elite too: it is composed of the "the top guns" and the sub-elites.
Iron law of oligarchy and stratification of society
💥 The degree of inequality in a given asset (e. g., income) depends, of course, on its dispersion or concentration across the individuals in the population Although many scholars seek to characterize the overall level of societal inequality with a single parameter, such attempts will obviously be compromised insofar as some types of assets are distributed more equally than others.
♐️ This complexity clearly arises in the case of modern stratification systems, for instance,
⏩ the recent emergence of "social rights" suggests that :-
👉civil goods are now more equally dispersed across all citizens, whereas ....
👉"economic " and " political" goods continue to be disproportionately controlled by a relatively small elite.
o within a single country we are now seeing not a single economy, but rather two fundamentally different and separate types of economy.
🔴 This growing gap between the rich and non-rich has been evident for years.
🔴In a 2005 report to investors, for instance, 3 analysts at Citigroup advised that :-
👉“the World is dividing into two blocs—the Plutonomy and
In a plutonomy there is no such animal as “the U.S. consumer” or “the UK consumer”, or indeed the “Russian consumer”.
👉"There are rich consumers, few in number, but disproportionate in the gigantic slice of income and consumption they take.
👉"There are the rest, the “non-rich”, the multitudinous many, but only accounting for surprisingly small bites of the national pie."http://softpanorama.org/Skeptics/Political_skeptic/Two_party_system_as_poliarchy/US_presidential_elections/us_presidential_elections2016.shtmlhttp://bit.ly/2a3wVTmhttp://softpanorama.org/Skeptics/Political_skeptic/Elite_theory/iron_law_of_oligarchy.shtmlhttp://bit.ly/2a2q1tJ
National Security State as a modern form of Corporatism
Corporatism vs Inverted Totalitarism
Corporatism and Catholicism
Five Historical Corporatist Regimes
Neoliberal Corporatism as a State Ideology and Secular religion
Neoliberal Corporatism and color revolutions
Systemic Corruption as Fundamental Feature of Corporatist Regimes
"state vs market"
♐️ In corporatist regimes this (limitation) of political representation of folk outside narrow caste of elite is preserved,
👉any attempt to Challenge elite is totally supressed.
🔵 All economic power and political power belongs to the corporations, whatever this term means.
🔵Power of multinational corporation lead existing postwar democracy regimes to becoming an empty shells.
🔴 Corporations became not only powerful "lobbyists" and
👉🔺owners of most senators and representatives via contributions to the election complain, but
👉major insider players in the political establishment.
🗯 Look at Goldman Sachs as an example of merger of corporation and Washington establishment.
👉🔺Alumni of the corporation essentially dominates Treasury department.
♐️ This is something that no economic or political theory advocates in any way but this is the central reality of the USA today.
🔵 As well as most other countries. 🔴Confrontation of interests of large multinational and states is ...⬇️
👉🔺presented as "state vs market" althouth large multinationas are as far from the concept of free market as state.
🔵 That ideological trick weakens the position of state.
🔵 In other words neoliberalism transforms classic corporatism in "neocorporatism".
Military industrial complex in this sense is just another cartel of manufactures and related government agencies and politicians. After the WWI Corporatism became the most popular right-wing economic doctrine in Europe. And now hunder years later corporatism remain dominant political ideology and social system for the USA and most European states. Neoliberalism in this sense is just a late stage of corporatism that change nothing in dominance of large corporation both in economic sphere and, by extension, in political life. It is just financial oligarchy that comes into forefront instead of traditional manufacturing and connected to it military industrial complex.
schwitters, 07 April 2013 8:51am
Despite the hysteria whipped up about the evils of the Welfare State it is there because it was underpinned by the democratic process. One person's vote is priceless in a democracy, the greatest medium of exchange that we have is through the ballot box, the ultimate leveller.
The corruption of politics and the placement of power in the hands of the profoundly undemocratic corporate world is leading to an inevitable conclusion and the rise of extreme right wing politics at the heart of society.
The corruption of politics is the single most danger to freedom of all. The Welfare State is there because we voted for it and the consensus was established over decades.
The challenge of resisting the attack on the Welfare State, for instance, is that this attack is a symptom of a much broader malaise in politics, as hinted at in this article. It's the democratic process that is under duress and it is that which needs addressing. Justice will prevail under proper circumstances but it is hard to see where the leadership is going to come from to set about correcting the democratic deficit.
💥The corruption of politics and the placement of power in the hands of the profoundly undemocratic corporate world is :-
👉🔺leading to an inevitable conclusion and the rise of extreme right wing politics at the heart of society.http://softpanorama.org/Skeptics/Political_skeptic/Corporatism/index.shtml