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Pencinta Alam Sosial Politik (PALASOSTIK FISIP - UNIB). Saat ini melakukan pembenahan perpustakaan sbg upaya meningkatkan literasi sesuai pada bidangnya yaitu, Sosial, Lingkungan Hidup dan Olahraga Petualangan Alam Bebas. Mungkin ada rekan - rekan yang tertarik mendonasikan buku.

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Blog sur le développement soutenable : Conseils pratiques pour des gestes plus écologiques à la maison, dans son jardin, pour ses moyens de transports, son alimentation et sa santé, à son travail ou dans son entreprise avec une stratégie d'entreprise RSE ou d'entrepreneuriat social, la musique, la presse, et les livres sur le développement soutenable, etc...

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Deforestation is the clearance of trees, reworking a woodland right into a cleared land. The first step in turning the barren region into a shopping mall is deforestation.

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Badman Nishioka/rainforest action group/Must do the peak of emissions by 2020!!
The good news get that if we will reduce the emissions, that's possible to meet Paris Target goal, if emissions began to fall by 2020! But Global GDP must do 3.1% less per each years. Badman Nishioka/HUTAN Group/Osaka/
At the current emissions become 41GtCO2, the lower limit of range would be crossed in 4 years, and the midpoint of 600GtCO2 would be passing in the 15years. If the current rate of annual emissions stays at this levels, we would have to drop them almost to Zero once. We exhaust the badget more need jamming.
**"* This scientist report!
By 2020, here’s where the world needs to be:

*Energy. Renewables make up at least 30% of the world’s electricity supply — up from 23.7% in 2015 (ref.8). No coal-fired power plants are approved beyond 2020, and all existing ones are being retired.

*Infrastructure. Cities and states have initiated action plans to fully decarbonize buildings and infrastructures by 2050, with funding of $300 billion annually. Cities are upgrading at least 3% of their building stock to zero- or near-zero emissions structures each year9.

*Transport. Electric vehicles make up at least 15% of new car sales globally, a major increase from the almost 1% market share that battery-powered and plug-in hybrid vehicles now claim. Also required are commitments for a doubling of mass-transit utilization in cities, a 20% increase in fuel efficiencies for heavy-duty vehicles and a 20% decrease in greenhouse-gas emissions from aviation per kilometre travelled.

*Land Use. Land-use policies are enacted that reduce forest destruction and shift to reforestation and afforestation efforts. Current net emissions from deforestation and land-use changes form about 12% of the global total. If these can be cut to zero next decade, and afforestation and reforestation can instead be used to create a carbon sink by 2030, it will help to push total net global emissions to zero, while supporting water supplies and other benefits. Sustainable agricultural practices can reduce emissions and increase CO2 sequestration in healthy, well-managed soils.

*Industry. Heavy industry is developing and publishing plans for increasing efficiencies and cutting emissions, with a goal of halving emissions well before 2050. Carbon-intensive industries — such as iron and steel, cement, chemicals, and oil and gas — currently emit more than one-fifth of the world’s CO2, excluding their electricity and heat demands.

*Finance. The financial sector has rethought how it deploys capital and is mobilizing at least $1 trillion a year for climate action. Most will come from the private sector. Governments, private banks and lenders such as the World Bank need to issue many more ‘green bonds’ to finance climate-mitigation efforts. This would create an annual market that, by 2020, processes more than 10 times the $81 billion of bonds issued in 2016.

Further, faster, together
If we delay, the conditions for human prosperity will be severely curtailed. There are three pressing and practical steps to avoid this.

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Badman Nishioka/rainforest action group/Osaka
One of big key of stopping Climate Change has Brazil! Brazil must sign to NY Declaration and act to stop destroy! Now Brazil made the average of carbon emission's by 2001-2013 is 1.066GtCO2 /year, the another countries are Indonesia:0.198 GtCO2/yt, ,NY Decarbonisation signed country are 0.317 GtCO2/y, the other countries are 0.688 GtCO2, Totally 2.27GtCO2/year.
If Brazil shall act scenario 2 achieves become 0.214 GtCO2/year, but this Actions nothing case must act 0.428GtCO2 emission's reduction by 2020! So by 2020, the carbon emission's from Deforestations are half 1.135Gt,CO2/year emission's. Badman Nishioka/HUTAN Group

This report write:***
The signed the New York Declaration on Forests (NYDF). We assemble and refine a robust dataset to establish a 2001–2013 benchmark for average annual carbon emissions from gross tropical deforestation at 2.270 Gt CO2 yr−1. Brazil did not sign the NYDF, yet from 2001 to 2013, Brazil ranks first for both carbon emissions from gross tropical deforestation and reductions in those emissions – its share of the total declined from a peak of 69% in 2003 to a low of 20% in 2012. Indonesia, an NYDF signatory, is the second highest emitter, peaking in 2012 at 0.362 Gt CO2 yr−1 before declining to 0.205 Gt CO2 yr−1 in 2013. The other 14 NYDF tropical country signatories were responsible for a combined average of 0.317 Gt CO2 yr−1, while the other 86 tropical country non-signatories were responsible for a combined average of 0.688 Gt CO2 yr−1. We outline two scenarios for achieving the 50% emission reduction target by 2020, both emphasizing the critical role of Brazil and the need to reverse the trends of increasing carbon emissions from gross tropical deforestation in many other tropical countries that, from 2001 to 2013, have largely offset Brazil's reductions. Achieving the target will therefore be challenging, even though it is in the self-interest of the international community. Conserving rather than cutting down tropical forests requires shifting economic development away from a dependence on natural resource depletion toward recognition of the dependence of human societies on the natural capital that tropical forests represent and the goods and services they provide.

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Paris Accord is the pinch! Badman Nishioka
Paris Accord, the current pledges aren't success, it still leaves the world on track for temperature rise of more than 3 degrees. That would be ugly.
Badman Nishioka/rainforest action group/ Big companies refuse Target 2C, so the UN don't accept the big matter of GHG emissions gap!
The chart below illustrates the gap. “NDCs” are Nationally Determined Contributions, each country’s pledge to reduce emissions. “Conditional NDCs,” as the name indicates, are targets that will be met conditional on some other development (new legislation, funding, etc.).UNEP

That’s ... a big gap.
The 1.5 or 2 degree scenarios both require emissions to begin a sharp downward trajectory in 2020. Every year that downward turn is delayed, the slope downward grows steeper and further from reach.
:(UNEP wrote) A GtCO2e is a Gt of carbon dioxide equivalent — other greenhouse gases are effectively translated into CO2.*
So we are somewhere between 11 and 19 GtCO2e off-target. Hitting current NDCs will leave the carbon budget for 2 degrees 80% depleted by 2030 (requiring a cliff-like plunge thereafter). The carbon budget for 1.5 degrees will be gone by then.
It’s entirely within our power to turn the situation around
UNEP writes that “the gap can be closed before 2030 by adopting already known and cost-effective technologies, often by simply adopting or adapting best practice examples already deployed in the most innovative country contexts.”

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UNFCCC report new! Badman Nishioka/rainforest action group/HUTAN Group/Osaka/ The current policy scenario, the GHG emissions projected for 2030 to about 61.1Gt CO2 reduction. But if emissions from peat degradation and peat fires be made to excluded, emissions will be 59.2 Gt CO2e at currently policy.
Part. Emissions reduction in 2030 Sector GtCO2
Agriculture 3(2.3-3.7)
Building. 1.9(1.6-2.1)
Energy. 10.0(9.3-10.6)
Forestry. 5.3(4.2-6.6)
Industry. 5.4(4.2-6.6)
Transport. 4.7(4.1-5.3)
Other. 1.2-1.6
Total Basic emissions reduction 33-48
(Badman) Deforestations is one of key, if we can't save forests, and making fires, many carbon make, should stop Deforestations for example Amazon and Borneo, Sumatra s forests!

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PLEASE sign and share. Thank you. <3

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Ayo mari, Solidaritas untuk Saudara-saudari kita, Korban Banjir Bandeng di Pulau Sumbawa.

Buka, baca, like dan sebarkan beritanya,

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