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BG : thinks that, to ease the inequality and offset the social costs implied by automation’s displacement effects, either Nexus should pay income tax, or Luke should pay a hefty tax for replacing Ken with a robot. And this “robot tax” should be used to finance something like a universal basic income (UBI). Gates’s proposal, one of many variants on the UBI theme, allows us to glimpse fascinating aspects of capitalism and human nature that rich societies have neglected for too long.

Ken makes a decent living operating a large harvester on behalf of farmer Luke. Ken’s salary generates income tax and social security payments that help finance government programs for less fortunate members of his community. Alas, Luke is about to replace Ken with Nexus, a robot that can operate the harvester longer, more safely, in any weather, and without lunch breaks, holidays, or sick pay.

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Violence in Southern Kaduna Threatens to Undermine Nigeria’s Democratic Stability -
Author :
Leena Koni Hoffmann
Associate Fellow, Africa Programme .

A wave of devastating attacks and reprisals in the southern part of the state is a chilling reminder of rural Nigeria’s vast security vulnerabilities and communal tensions.
Over the past two decades, Nigeria’s Kaduna State has experienced a sharp segregation along religious and ethnic lines precipitated by about a dozen outbreaks of violence. Kaduna’s Hausa-Fulani residents, who are mostly Muslim, are the majority in the northern half of the state, while the people of southern Kaduna are predominantly Christian, although tribally and linguistically diverse. The river that runs through the city of Kaduna, the state capital, highlights the starkness of the divide: the northern half is unofficially called Mecca; the south, Jerusalem. -

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In March 2015, Boko Haram declared allegiance to Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in a move that helped it anchor its international profile in a way that the slaughter of thousands of Nigerians had failed to achieve. Nearly a year later, little by way of evidence has emerged to prove a financial or instrumental link between the two groups.

Boko Haram remains strongly rooted in its domestic context of local grievances, and does not seem to be wedded to the ISIS approach of controlling territory, producing slick propaganda or engaging in direct attacks on Western targets at all costs. Boko Haram’s goal of hollowing out the Nigerian state and eroding national cohesion by all means possible has remained unchanged.

https://www.chathamhouse.org/expert/comment/boko-haram-not-isis-its-still-threat

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France dives back into the South Pacific
AUTHOR: Cleo Paskal Associate Fellow, Energy, Environment and Resources
Paris is refocusing attention on its island territories, the new strategic front line between Asia and the Americas, writes Cleo Paskal

Kanak dancers welcome French Prime Minister Manuel Valls on a trip to New Caledonia last May

https://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/twt/france-dives-back-pacific

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In Conversation with Tina Tchen

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The War the World Forgot
People and Power investigates the forgotten war taking place on the borders between North and South Sudan.
25 Aug 2016 09:54 GMT South Sudan, Sudan, Omar Bashir

It's one of Africa's most bitter, if often forgotten, conflicts.
In 2011, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan following a 2005 peace deal that ended Africa's longest-running civil war.
After a referendum, in which an overwhelming majority of South Sudanese voted to secede, Africa's newest country came into being, the first since Eritrea split from Ethiopia in 1993.
But two Sudanese provinces, South Kordofan and Blue Nile, the people of which predominantly wanted to become citizens of the new nation, were excluded from the deal.
http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/peopleandpower/2016/08/war-world-forgot-160824134809716.html

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À l'occasion de la journée internationale des enfants-soldats, qui a lieu tous les 12 février, France 24 fait le point sur ce fléau. L'Unicef estime qu'en 2014, 250 000 mineurs étaient impliqués dans des conflits autour du monde.

Avec la multiplication des conflits à travers le monde, le nombre d'enfants-soldats est un drame qui perdure. Les mineurs, garçons ou filles, membres d’une armée gouvernementale ou d’un groupe armé seraient aujourd'hui au nombre de 250 000, répartis dans une vingtaine de pays, d'après les derniers chiffres de l'Unicef.

http://www.france24.com/fr/20170210-enfants-soldats-infographie-guerre-journee-mondiale

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Alors que le 12 février a été décrétée Journée internationale des enfants- soldats, la multiplication des mineurs enrôlés, malgré eux, dans les rangs de l’organisation de l'État islamique en Syrie et en Irak pose un défi majeur aux pays occidentaux.

Le 10 février, l’organisation État islamique (EI) publiait une nouvelle vidéo de propagande tournée dans le désert, aux environs de Raqqa, le fief du groupe terroriste en Syrie. Aux côtés d’un jihadiste, un enfant de 4 ans, en treillis, un bandeau avec la chahada (profession de foi) de l’EI sur sa tignasse bouclée de cheveux noirs.

http://www.france24.com/fr/20160212-journee-internationale-enfants-soldats-bourreaux-etat-islamique-syrie-irak
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