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Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore (Bengali: রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর) (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) was a Bengali poet of India. His name is written as Rabindranath Thakur in Indian languages. He was also a philosopher and an artist. He wrote many stories, novels, poems and dramas. He is also very well known for composing music. His writings greatly influenced Bengali culture during the late 19th century and early 20th century. In 1913, he won the Nobel Prize in Literature. He was the first Asian ever to win this prize.

Tagore was popularly known as "Gurudev." His major works included Gitanjali (Song Offerings), a world-famous poetry book; Gora (Fair-Faced); Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World); and many other works of literature and art. Tagore was also a cultural reformer, and modernized Bangla art. He made it possible to make art using different forms and styles.

Tagore died on 7th August 1941 ("Baishey Shrabon" in Bengali 22nd Shrabon).

Rabindranath Tagore At A Glance

Born: Rabindranath Thakur
7 May 1861
Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died: 7 August 1941 (aged 80)
Occupation: Writer, painter
Language: Bengali, English
Nationality: Indian
Ethnicity Bengali
Literary movement: Contextual Modernism
Notable work(s): Gitanjali, Gora, Ghare-Baire, Jana Gana Mana, Rabindra Sangeet, Amar Shonar Bangla (other works)
Notable award(s): Nobel Prize in Literature
Spouse(s): Mrinalini Devi (m. 1883–1902)
Children five children, two of whom died in childhood


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Galileo Galilei

Name: Galileo Galilei
Father: Vincenzo Galilei
Mother: Giulia Ammannati
Born: 15 February, 1564
Died: 8 January, 1642 (aged 77)
Birth Place: Pisa, Italy
Education: University of Pisa
Fields: Physics, Mathematics, Astronomy
Citizenship: Italian
Language: Italian
About: Galileo Galilei was born on 15 February 1564, in Pisa, Italy. He was a mathematician, astronomer, physicist, writer and philosopher. He had a great contribution in scientific revolution. His parents were famous musician Vincenzo Galilei and Giulia Ammannati. He also became a good lutenist as like his father.
In 1583, he got admitted in famous University of Pisa. But with his talent, soon he became interested in mathematics and physics. After supporting the Aristotelian theory he got a good position in the most powerful scientific authority powered by the Roman Catholic Church. But for financial problems, he left the university in 1585. Then he continued study mathematics. And after that he wrote a book named “The Little Balance” describing his two decade study on objects in motion. For this book, he became a bit famous and he got a teaching post in the University of Pisa in 1589. Then Galileo began to write his study about falling objects which was different from Aristotelian theory. For that reason he lost the job in University of Pisa in 1952. In 1609 he modified a telescope to observe the sky. Then he wrote a book named “The Starry Messenger” describing the round shape of moon with small mountains. Soon he began to support the Copernican theory that the sun is the center and the earth is circling the sun. Which was completely offensive to Aristotelian an Roman Catholic Church theories. Then he published the “Discourse on Bodies in Water” describing how the objects float on water, which was also different from Aristotelian theory. In 1613 he wrote a letter to his student describing the similarity between Bible and Copernican theory. The church captured the letter and made it public. Then the church announced the Copernican theory illegal. Galileo was ordered not to teach of publish the Copernican theory about the earth. Galileo stayed silent for 7 year. In 1623 Cardinal Maffeo Barberini was selected as the Pope Urban VIII. He was a good friend of Galileo. He encouraged Galileo to continue his study. But he also told him not to write anything supporting Copernican theory. With his support Galileo published “Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems”. This book was actually a discussion between Copernican and Aristotelian theory. Though he said the book was neutral, but the supporter of Aristotelian theory stood against him.

Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo:

The church captured and tortured him. Then he church punished him to spend his remaining years under house arrest. Though he was not allowed to write or publish any of his work during house arrest. He manage to publish some of his works like “Dialogue” and “Two New Sciences”. This great scientist died on 8 January, 1642. And in 1992, 350 years after his death the Pope John Paul II finally expressed his regrets about the Galileo affair.
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