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Has drove me crazy for two weeks. Have downloaded and googled and installed and uninstalled. About wore out PCIE slot. Tried fresh install of Ubuntu 18.04 and followed instructions from

Not a gamer. I just have 2 nice Monitors that use display ports. Is there any GPU that will just plug and play on Linux/Ubuntu. Or one that doesn't require several master degrees and a PHD to install. Probably should throw a seminary degree in as well.

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Some useful info for removing old kernels. Script towards the end of article works very well.

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Feedback for Episode #354

Paul had created a /boot partition that was filling up. While I don't recommend creating a /boot partition for desktops, doing so for servers does make sense in certain scenarios. One of the things the /boot partition contains is the compressed kernel that is booted and associated files. 500Mb should be OK, but if you don't remove previous kernels, the space can fill up fairly quickly.

Your distro package manager should remove the old kernels (see attached photos for Ubuntu Mate that I am currently running), but if it doesn't you can easily remove them manually.

You can use the "uname -r" or "uname -a" command to display what your running kernel version is. You can also display the kernels that are in the /boot partition or directory. Use the command "sudo apt autoremove" to remove old kernels. This will keep your current kernel and the previous version to fall back on. It will also update your grub menu.
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Why I don't like boot partitions, but have used them in the past and will use them again in the future, it's a choice for a reason imo

Each upgrade uses 300+mb on my disk with each kernel upgrade, I am sure everybody sees different numbers and once you decide to have a boot partition you also accept another level of monitoring and/or maintenance..... or else you will have issues, it is only a matter of time, tick tock, tick tock

You know, like installing Microsoft Outlook locally, sooner or later your archive will get too big, without monitoring and/or maintenance

and I have helped a few people over my time and it happens much more frequently than I want it to

Whenever I check for updates (I only use CLI ) I use a long command cause it does some cleanup at the same time as it is checking for updates/upgrades

I am not saying everybody on every distro should run this type of command, I do know it has made my life simpler

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade && sudo apt dist-upgrade && sudo apt autoclean && sudo apt autoremove
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Has anyone else heard about Google Plus closing down? Is this report accurate? Thoughts about shifting this community elsewhere, if so?

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Feedback to Episode # 354
Early on, that confusion between sda and sdb scorched my fingers. I was trying to update my system which has an NVMe SSD (m.2 form factor) AND a SATA 2.5" SSD. I'd set it to boot from the faster NVMe SSD and stored data on SATA SSD. Fortunately, I was such a noob I still had everything important on a Mac, and also was backing up Linux data to external drives.

My fresh install [ I chose wipe install, give the entire drive to Linux ] overwrote the SATA data disk that turned out to be sda. Oopsie.

Subsequently I've learned from experience that the first SATA drive will be sda. Haven't dug in to determine if that's set in hardware, or a Linux install setting.

After my first oopsie, if I'm going to do a clean install of a Linux on top of a drive that is in sdb, I will unplug the SATA connector from the one that's sda. Take away is to pay attention to which drive is which!

Hopefully the image that is my response to the boot partition kernel issue will be legible. The screen grabs are from Mint 18.3

This link is to a very good discussion of how to manage kernel kruft using terminal commands:


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I see a theme from my bookshelf.
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Looks like a potentially useful Linux site I "discovered" today.

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Just never know what's going to reach out and grab ya'
So this morning my reliable 2015 i7 NUC running reliable Mint 18.3 Cinnamon wouldn't boot past the NUC onscreen that appears nano-seconds before the onscreen options to enter BIOS or select the boot drive. Then the second monitor started flashing, fans sped up, then the NUC apparently just powered down.

Yesterday I replaced my wired keyboard with a Logitech wireless?

As I started disconnecting peripherals and monitors and Ethernet and power, I reached the Sony USB camera card reader I'd left attached from yesterday's photo imports.

Hmmm I've left boot from USB option in BIOS just in case, as once happened, something crawled in an disturbed Grub. As there is no camera card in the Sony reader, I hadn't thought it would interrupt boot sequence. But it clearly does.

Just sharing a heads up to keep in mind if you're puzzled by a boot fail.

Going Linux #353 · Moving from Windows to Linux - Part 1

Concerning choosing a distribution based on the Desktop Environment, that is not always true. I run +openSUSE and you can run multiple Desktop Environments from the same installation. I do test things, back and forth, between KDE and Gnome as well as LXQt and MATE.

Another thing, the reason for still seeing AMD64 befuddles me a bit but its origins date back to 2003 when AMD released an evolutionary 64-bit extension of the x86 architecture while at the same time Intel released an incompatible 64-bit architecture. The two 64-bit architectures at the time were IA-64 and AMD64. Eventually, Intel followed AMD down the path of extending the x86 architecture. Some distributions have adopted x86_32 and x86_64 to distinguish between the architectures but the Debian based distros are stuck on i386 and AMD64.

Many distributions have dropped 32-bit support all together but any 32-bit applications should run without issue on a 64-bit install of Linux. Any good implementation should handle 32 or 64 bit instructions seamlessly. I run a few older 32-bit applications that haven't seen updates in years so I know this to be true.

Thanks for the enjoyable show. It is much appreciated, keep it up.
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