Kurmi society is an ancient kshatriya race of the world. This race has been important place in the history of human being. The nomenclature of this species based on ‘Vedas’. The oldest book of the world ‘Rigveda’ in which the term kurmi is used for Devraj Indra. This word is an adjective and it means workaday or laborious. The term Kurm is also used in Upnidan sutra, in this book the word kurmi is in respect of great kourmi Indra. There is a similar word Kauram is found in Atharva ved. It is originated from the word Kurma where ‘Ku’ means earth and ‘rama’ means wandering. Therefore hard worker of the earth are called Kurmi.

          The Kurmis owned the land over many years became to known as Kunbi and then later Kanbi . The Kanbi caste later known as two groups . Lava (Migrants from the Lya district of Punjab) and Kadva Kanbi (Migrants from Karad district. During the period (BC 2000-BC1000), there was a huge increase in the Aryan population of Punjab as many groups migrated from there. There were shortage of agricultural land and so many groups spread towards northern Rajasthan, Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh etc. As a result of migration, the main occupant of this area in present time, are the Kurm Kshatriya.

There are various modifications of the Kurmi as Kurum, Kulmi, Kulvi, Kulwadi , Kanbi , Kumbi etc. The Kunbi is the great hindu cultivator caste which found mainly in Western India. It correspond with Kapu of  Telgu region in Madras , the Kumbi of Balgam , the Kumbi of Deccan , the Kulwadi of Southern Konkam , Kumbi of Gujrat and Patidar of  Brauch.

The first Kurmi caste association was formed in 1894 at Lucknow in order to protest against the police recruitment policy. This was followed by an organisation in Awadh that sought to draw other communities - such as the Patidars, Marathas, Kapus and Naidus - under the umbrella of the Kurmi name. This body then campaigned for Kurmis to classify themselves as Kshatriya in the 1901 census and, in 1910, led to the formation of the All India Kurmi Kshatriya Mahasabha.[1] By 1910, in the All India Kurmi Kshatriya Mahasabha, the Ramanandi sect, a caste of monastic Brahmin sages, traced the Kurmis ancestry to Luv, confirming their Kshatriya claims as Suryavanshi Kshatriya.

Kurmi is a Sanskrit word literally means Able, Powerful, Noble, Master etc. The organisation believes Kurmis are the real Ancient Vedic Kshatriyas. Most of the ancient Vedic kshatriyas were later recorded as degraded kshatriyas or "shudra kings" by some Brahmin priests who resented the rise of Buddhism and the monetary support which Buddhist institutions received by the major warrior tribes descended from the Aryans at the time. Evidence of such activity can be drawn from the Agni Purana from which the neo-Kshatriyas, the Rajputs, claim their descent from the fire pits at Mt. Abu in western India with the claim that all previous kshatriyas were destroyed, with the Rajputs being the new kshatriyas. Most of the Kurmis are land owning agrarians. The link between kshatriyas and agriculture has been justified on the grounds of linguistic affinities between the root *ar- ("bravery, heroism", found in English and Greek hero, Russian geroj, and Sanskrit ārya) and other words for cultivators, i.e. those who labour nobly (Russian oratel' or ploughman, Airga in the Zend-Avesta); as well as in the legend of King Prithu, who tamed the earth to make the earth fertile again. It is for this reason that the Sanskrit word for "earth" is "Prithvi", in honor of the Aryan King Prithu who first cultivated the earth.
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