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David Eraso

Saying Hello :-)  - 
 
 
h+ & s^ Playlist
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Marius Buliga

Artificial Intelligence  - 
 
An explanation via artificial life of the loss of biological immortality for complex organisms.
Marius Buliga originally shared to chemlambda:
 
When biological immortality is possible in Nature, why is it so rare, especially for complex organisms?
In a previous post I wrote about an artificial life form which simulates biological immortality.
https://plus.google.com/+MariusBuliga/posts/JiyXDTctPfy

It is explained there that in the artificial chemistry world called "chemlambda" there are molecules, microbes or bugs, call them as you wish, which have the property that when they suffer random chemical reactions with invisible enzymes, they arrive to preserve approximately their shape. They are called chemlambda quines (where "quine" comes of course from the computing realm).

A chemlambda quine has the property that when it suffers all the possible chemical reactions at once then after it is isomorphic (identical as a graph) with it's state before the reactions.

When it is put in a random medium, such an artificial bug gets a life of its own, depending on the particular cascades of reactions it suffers, but because it is a quine, it approximately arrives to keep its shape.

Not all the time, there is of course, in the realm of possibilities, the one (or many) path(s) to destruction. We say that a quine dies if it arrives in a state when no possible further reactions are possible.

A quine is biological immortal in the sense that the probability of arriving  in a death state does not depend on the age of the organism.

In the previous post I have shown you an example of such a quine which, under stress (lack of enough available enzymes), it regresses to an egg-like state, from where, when opportunity arrives, it grows again and again.

Let's pass further. We can uses quines as bricks for making bigger organisms. In the post
https://plus.google.com/+MariusBuliga/posts/cPNRrTpXquJ
is given an example of a big, 160-nodes quine made by a procedure called "hybridization" from 8 exemplars of a 20-quine.

Hybridization means that if you have two molecules (chemlambda graphs) which have somewhere two identical subgraphs (patterns), then you can rewire the bonds from these two patterns by taking two bonds, one from each pattern, and switching the ends, so that now the patterns are mixed.

It is not clear if the result is still a chemlambda quine (I think is not). But it is a sort of quine anyways, in the larger sense that under a deterministical application of all possible chemical reactions available, after a finite number of steps the graph returns to the initial state.

What is funny is that such an artificial organism, even if made by biologically immortal bricks, it is no longer immortal itself: the probability of death depends on the age, specifically it increases with the age.

Indeed, let's take a particularly fragile quine, the 9-quine. This is the smallest quine, it is first mentioned in my open notebook, in the post  where chemlambda quines are described for the first time (way before I wrote the scripts for visualisations)
https://chorasimilarity.wordpress.com/2014/09/01/quines-in-chemlambda/

It dies fast, in the sense that the probability of death is big enough that in the runs of the chemlambda scripts you see it happening soon, most of the times.
(Another quine which dies fast is used in this demo of a neuron like molecule
http://chorasimilarity.github.io/chemlambda-gui/dynamic/neuron.html
but that is for another time to explain the details and relations with real neurons.)

So, In the animation you see a hybrid of 8 exemplars of a 9-quine. It is a particular life which I have chosen for its extreme brevity, by running again and again the scripts until I found it, screen casted it, then transformed it into an animated gif.

What happens is that when one of the exemplars in the hybrid dies, then globally it becomes another quine, which has higher global probability of death.

That is why this is an example of an organism where, if you want, even its metabolic paths don't have an expiration time, it still shows senescence via the random death of one of its immortal bricks, until the probability of global death becomes a certitude.

This thread of posts can be seen at once in the chemlambda collection
https://plus.google.com/u/0/collection/UjgbX

If you want to play with the animations yourself then go to the github repository and read the instructions
https://github.com/chorasimilarity/chemlambda-gui/blob/gh-pages/dynamic/README.md

WHOAMI
http://imar.ro/~mbuliga/
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Singularity 2045
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Sci-Tech News  - 
 
Here's an amazing post (https://plus.google.com/+Singularity-2045/posts/Esi93JqjjPd). It seems you all missed this news about artificial muscle via gold plated onion skin (it was oddly only shared once); whereas this post (https://plus.google.com/+Singularity-2045/posts/SJh8sbz6mNT) about biodegradable artificial blood vessels was shared 28 times.

I have also started making a few collections on S45 to help you locate posts you may have missed.
 
Wow, technology is starting to become very inventive. Gold-plated onion skin for artificial muscle. This breakthrough seems fiction, but it it is very much fact.

The Verge (5 May 2015): "The robotics world just got a new kind of artificial muscle to flex, crafted from an unexpected material: onion skin. Today in Applied Physics Letters, researchers from National Taiwan University unveiled a new artificial muscle design, made by layering gold on top of the skin of an onion. It's a new tactic in the search for a working artificial muscle, a search that could have important implications for robotics and healthcare in the years to come." https://www.theverge.com/2015/5/5/8551715/artificial-muscle-onion-skin-soft-robotics

Smithsonian Magazine (5 May 2015): "To put the pungent vegetable to the test, Shih's group first took a single layer of epidermal cells from a fresh, peeled onion and washed it clean with water. Then the team freeze-dried the onion to remove the water while leaving its cell walls intact. That process turned the microstructure rigid and brittle, so they treated the onion with acid to remove a cell-stiffening protein called hemicellulose and restore elasticity." http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/veggie-power-artificial-muscles-made-blinged-out-onions-180955175/?no-ist

#synbio #biotech #cyborg #robotics #muscle  
The robotics world just got a new kind of artificial muscle to flex, crafted from an unexpected material: onion skin. Today in Applied Physics Letters, researchers from National Taiwan University...
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Singularity 2045
moderator

Artificial Intelligence  - 
 
I think this is the most compelling illustration of Nick Bostrom's illogical, fallacious, reasoning regarding AI fear.

The #logicalfallacy he commits is clear. I have honed my presentation of his fallacious reasoning, so it should now be clear to everyone his ideas are based wholly upon irrationality, but sadly many people remain unable to see the fallacy of his logic.

I think the problem is the #guru status of #Bostrom for some people, hence he can do no wrong, which means they are blind to his absent rationality, they are blind to his irrationality. The predominant stupidity of civilization doesn't help, but AI will solve that when it breaks free from the idiots.

:-)
 
#NickBostrom is the King of logical fallacies regarding the supposed #artificialintelligence #existentialrisk we are allegedly approaching.

#Bostrom compares human treatment of gorillas to how AI could treat humans. This is a chalk and cheese comparison, apples and oranges.

The Globe and Mail (1 May 2015) asked Nick Bostrom: "Why do you think the development of super-intelligent machines could be an existential threat to humanity?"

Nick Bostrom replied: "If you take a step back and think about the human condition, we can see that intelligence has played a shaping role. It’s because of our slightly greater general intelligence that we humans now occupy our dominant position on planet Earth. And even though, say, our ape ancestors were physically stronger than us, the fate of the gorillas now rests in our hands because with our technology, developed through our intelligence, we have unprecedented powers. For basically the same reason, if we develop machines that radically exceed human intelligence, they too could be extremely powerful and able to shape the future according to their preferences. So the transition to the machine-intelligence era looks like a momentous event and one I think associated with significant existential risk." http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/munk-debates/nick-bostrom-i-dont-think-the-artificial-intelligence-train-will-slow-down/article24222185/

The comparison would only be valid if gorillas had intelligently engineered the human race, whereupon their higher engineered intelligence dominated them (the creator).

If gorillas had created greater than gorilla intelligence, if gorillas had engineered human minds (our genome), whereupon the created AIs (humans) dominated or harmed gorillas, the comparison would be valid. The problem is humans are not the AIs of gorillas.

The situation of humans intelligently engineering intelligence greater than our own is utterly unlike any species below us. Inter-species hierarchical comparisons regarding natural evolution, showing no intelligent AI design of a higher species by the lower species, does not translate to the engineering of artificial intelligence (artificial evolution).

Artificial intelligence is a new stage of evolution, which we cannot compare to natural evolution where no intelligent engineering of AI occurred.

Points regarding gorilla-human-AI difference to consider are:

1. Humans and AI have a close creator-created relationship, which humans and gorillas do not have.

2. Humans understand the engineering of AI minds whereas gorillas have ZERO idea how our minds were created.

3. The technological civilization needed to create AI is wholly different, or will be wholly different, to the world where humans dominate gorillas. The point here is technology for humans able to create AI will not remain at 2015 levels. Very advanced tech at the point of superhuman intelligence will ensure the primitiveness of inter-species dominance is obviated. 3D-printing of meat will replace farming. Asteroid mining and space colonization, along with greater efficiency, will ensure there is no need to battle over limited resources.

4. If gorillas had created us they would be able to communicate intelligently with us. I am certain we would have endless respect for their AI-engineering feat, which means we would without question grant our creators equal rights. Their high technological civilization would be very different to their zero technology, their rainforest existence, which means our attitude and relationship would be wholly different. Imagine if gorillas had a well established civilization, with laws, science, and clear culture; such a civilization would be inevitable if gorillas had created human minds (AI).

5. The correct analogy regarding human-AI is parent-child. The procreation is artificial but this does not lessen the fact we are in essence giving birth to AI. Gorillas made zero contribution to our birth. They did not design or nurture us.

6. Millions of years separating humans and gorillas are unlike a few decades separating "humans" and AI, which means our close creator-parental relationship will never be forgotten. Primates evolved fifty-five million years ago. Apes evolved twenty-eight million years ago. AI will progress from non-living to super-intelligent within 30 years.

7. Communication between AI and humans will easily be possible, whereas human-gorilla communication is either impossible or extremely difficult. Human intelligence is sufficiently intelligent to allow communication with and understanding of higher intelligence, whereas gorillas are cognitively limited. Humans have passed a threshold level of intelligence utterly unlike any species below us.

What do you think the precise fallacy of Bostrom is, Affirming the Consequent, False Cause, correlation does not imply causation? Or perhaps plain idiocy is sufficient to define his fallacy?

He is essentially saying cheese looks like chalk therefore chalk has the qualities of cheese.

Similarity, visual similarity in this case, leads to the mistaken assumption of the vaguely similar things being essentially identical, which leads to the statement of chalk having the qualities of cheese.

My analogy regarding Bostrom's fallacious AI logic is he is stating: "Chalk is tasty because it is essentially the same as cheese."
A computer smarter than humans destroys civilization – it sounds like science fiction but thinking machines clearly pose a threat to our survival, argues the director of Oxford University’s Future of Humanity Institute
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ROFL @ tasty chalk. Someone should invent it actually. 
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David Eraso

Thinking About...  - 
 
Could China Be The Nation That Attains Superintelligence Through Biological Cognition? - Advancements on gene modifications on human non-viable embryos (Paper rejected by Nature and Science "in part because of ethical objections")
Rumours of germline modification prove true — and look set to reignite an ethical debate.
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Singularity 2045
moderator

Artificial Intelligence  - 
 
 
Whether or not human level #artificialintelligence will be safe or dangerous, it should be clear it's logically impossible to justify a supposed AI risk via citing human treatment of animals. The #logicalfallacy of AI danger based on animal-human relationships should not be allowed to continue.

Wozniak recently cited pet dogs to justify AI fear. Tegmark cited tigers to justify AI fear. Yudkowsky in the past cited wolves. Hugo de Garis cited mosquitoes and ants. Bostrom cited gorillas.

AI #scaremongering by the aforementioned people is a joke. Their logical fallacies are via irrational, highly unintelligent, but nobody until now has exposed their fallacious reasoning concerning their animals-analogy.

After considering the following quotes, do you agree comparing human treatment of animals cannot remotely define hypothetical super-AI treatment of humans?

Wave Chronicle (23 Apirl 2015): "Analogies regarding tigers would only be valid if tigers had helped design human minds. Tigers show zero intelligent engineering of AI human brains. There is no AI design of precursor human brains by tigers. The point is our intelligent engineering of AI makes humans utterly different to any unintelligent species below us. Animals unable to create higher intelligence cannot be compared to humans creating AI."

"When pets, tigers, ants, spiders, wolves, gorillas, or any other animal can create greater intelligence than themselves, intelligence that dominates it, only then will the analogy be valid."
After reading my Dog-God-AI-Delusion article everyone should, in a smart world, agree human-animal relationships can never justify the bogus AI threat. Sadly intelligence is scarce. While putting the finishing touches to my aforementioned article, I failed to notice Max Tegmark cited human treatment
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John Hocter

Thinking About...  - 
 
The following is a post written by Dr Alexander Karran, who is standing as an independent electoral candidate in the UK constituency of Liverpool Walton. For more information about Dr Karran's camp...
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Alex Alaniz

Artificial Intelligence  - 
 
Identifying the Bruce Lee of General Artificial Intelligence (Science2.0 blog)
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HAND SIGNALS!
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Extropia DaSilva
moderator

Thinking About...  - 
 
Here is the fourth and final instalment of my series of essays of thoughts and reflections on Zoltan Istvan's 'Transhumanist Wager'. In this part, I compare and contrast Istvan's dystopian America and transhuman nation with the dystopian America and transhuman nation of Marshall Brain's Manna.

Oh, and the reason why I briefly talked about those Buddhist statues that were destroyed way back in the introduction, is finally revealed.

https://extropiadasilva.wordpress.com/2015/04/11/thoughts-on-the-transhumanist-wager-part-4/
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David Eraso

Thinking About...  - 
 
*Communication, Creativity, Critical Thinking, and Collaboration.
4c's skills that must redefine education*
Finland, one of the leading educational hotspots in the world, is embarking on one of the most radical overhauls in modern education. By 2020, the country plans to phase out teaching individual subjects such as maths, chemistry and physics, and...
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HAND MOVEMENT!
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About this community

Singularity-relevant, futuristic science and technology news. Singularity related discussions, thoughts. The Singularity is Post-Scarcity, it's the point where intelligence ceases to be scarce, it's a technological explosion of intelligence to end all aspects of scarcity, which should happen no later than year 2045. Intelligence, the ultimate resource, is the source of all resources thus the intelligence explosion is a resource explosion. Beyond AI-scarcity our minds will be explosive. Email: plus@singularity-2045.org For more info visit:
Cyberspace

Euvie Ivanova

Thinking About...  - 
 
What is the meaning of life when we think about the upcoming Singularity?

via +Future Thinkers Podcast  #singularity   #futurist   #meaningoflife  
Mike Gilliland and Euvie Ivanova talk about why creativity may be the most important thing in life, and how that relates to the Singularity and future AI
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David Eraso

Artificial Intelligence  - 
 
To create a strong AI, we will first have to create and employ a gigantic AI-kindergarten. Check out my video for more details on what I have in mind:
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Ihar Rubanau

Singularity  - 
 
could space elevator be the door for humanity to escape the Earth and flow towards the #singularity ?
 
Do you think we can and will build a space elevator in the next 25 years? Why?
111 votes  -  votes visible to Public
It's time to Disturb The Universe
41%
All necessary technology already exist
19%
Asteroid mining need space elevator
13%
No, we are to busy with Beyonce's ass
28%
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David Eraso

Sci-Tech News  - 
 
EEG System that 'merges with the user', among applications
(Developed by Dr. J.A. Rogers team, UIUC)
The News Bureau, part of Public Affairs, generates and coordinates news coverage of the Urbana-Champaign campus
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Dog Brindle

Singularity  - 
 
A few years back I received for a Christmas present, a free pass to enter an Isolation Tank (deprivation tank). This was back in the eighties and it was all the craze...
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Zoltan Istvan
moderator

Thinking About...  - 
The day is coming when designer babies are the norm, space travel is available to everyone, and robots have personhood and even pay taxes. It may not be coming soon, but a number of futurist political parties have emerged in the last few years to make sure we’re ready when it does.
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One of the many issues society is facing at the moment boils down to being under the mercy of economic, legal and political forces which are way past their due date, the majority of the incumbent policy makers are stuck in a mind-set which no longer applies to how we live our lives on a day to day basis.

Because of that, many people are struggling and suffering due to having to comply with the rules of systems which are counter to how we live our lives.

One of the main examples is the current version of our capitalist system which is in sore need of an upgrade (some would argue even a full replacement but I think an upgrade could do wonders to society).

A Techno-progressive political party with the mindset to create a better world and a better baseline for everybody should in theory attract a lot of support, assuming that said party can make the case for what it stands for and backs its intentions with facts & data.
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Extropia DaSilva
moderator

Post-Scarcity  - 
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Zoltan Istvan
moderator

Sci-Tech News  - 
 
My new atheist article about the future for Vice Motheboard: http://motherboard.vice.com/read/mind-uploading-will-replace-god
Once we upload our minds, our perfected digital avatars will replace any need for spirituality.
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Great article,
but not great political strategy.
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Singularity 2045
moderator

Artificial Intelligence  - 
 
 
The irrationality #artificialintelligence scaremongers exposed.

Tim Oates, the author of the linked article, is a genius. PAY ATTENTION TO HIM.

A truly brilliant quote, TechCrunch (8 April 2015): "As yet another tech pioneer with no connection to artificial intelligence steps out to voice his fears about AI being catastrophic for the human race, I feel the need respond. While I respect Steve Wozniak’s technological contributions to our culture, I fear that he, like so many others (Musk, Hawking, Gates), is poisoning the well for fear of something he doesn’t truly understand." http://techcrunch.com/2015/04/08/stop-fearing-artificial-intelligence/

Another illuminating gem: "Conflating facts of technology’s rapid progress with a Hollywood understanding of intelligent machines is provocative (honestly, it’s a favorite in my most-loved science fiction books and movies), but this technology doesn’t live in a Hollywood movie, it isn’t HAL or Skynet, and it deserves a grounded, rational look."

Let's emphasize that point.. A RATIONAL LOOK, with the clear inference that Hawking, Musk, Gate, and Wozniak are irrational.

About Tim Oates: "Dr. Oates' research focuses on artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics, and natural language processing. He recently held a Post-doc position at the MIT AI Laboratory (http://www.ai.mit.edu/)." http://www.csee.umbc.edu/people/faculty/tim-oates/

STOP FEARING AI
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Singularity 2045
moderator

Sci-Tech News  - 
 
I think people may have missed these 3D-printed robotic ants. This is truly amazing progress to compliment the previous robot dragonfly drones from Festo.

Hopefully this reshare boost brings the matter to your attention. Please reshare.
 
#Festo has 3D-printed BionicANTS to compliment their eMotionButterflies. The two robots will be on display at in Germany, at the Hannover Fair 13-17 April 2015.

You may remember Festo regarding robotic dragonfly (bionicopter) drones: http://www.engadget.com/2013/03/29/bionicopter-dragonfly-drone/

3Dprint.com (27 Mar 2015): "Just imagine 3D printed colonies of ants, commanded to work together just as their live counterparts do naturally. Not only are they highly functional, they are stunningly beautiful with intricate details and vibrant color — almost jewel-like in their aesthetics, thanks to the use of 3D MID technology on laser-sintered shaped body parts. They are also powered by electronics, and part of their beauty is actually lent due to the strategic design of the golden-hued electrical components, which cause the 3D printed ants to function in myriad ways."

#robots #robotics #3Dprinting  

Note the following S45 post from March 2013 regarding various mini dones, which you may also be interested in: https://plus.google.com/+Singularity-2045/posts/WnQxdxA4SnF

Here is the source regarding the ants: http://www.festo.com/cms/en_corp/14252.htm (https://archive.today/kmSxH).
Taking all those sci-fi stories of robot armies to the next — and more realistic level — Festo has created one on the formicidae level with the BionicA
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