2000-2010 drop in 2.5 micron particulate matter. Effects of particulate matter (generated by coal fired plants, cars, etc) on human health are much stronger as particles get below 2.5 microns and penetrate the lungs. Particles between 0.3 and 1 enter the lung air sacs, those between 1 and 2 microns enter the lung bronchi - and these particles can be HEAVY METALS (Arsenic, Mercury from Coal Fired Plants, etc). Coal and car smog kills millions of people each year ► http://goo.gl/jDj0hI and leads to lower IQ ► http://goo.gl/alNQIk and autism ► http://goo.gl/66nqwr, not just Alzheimer, asthma, lung cancer, heart disease. Also, http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/2007/08/pollution-causes-40-percent-deaths-worldwide-study-finds explains that 40% of deaths are due to pollution. Smog kills billions earlier than their normal time. Coal fired plants generate most human emissions of mercury and arsenic in the air.In 2011 only 3.5% of 15 year olds in the Los Angeles Metro area had significant lung deficits, compared to 8% of 15 year olds in 1998. This is a result of ever tightening air regulations in California, which benefit public health (air pollution was shown to cause autism, heart disease, asthma, lung cancer, etc). With 40% of US electric cars in California, if the electric car trend continues, California will have the cleanest air in the nation one day. Car smog gets into the lungs and lodges up there, effectively destroying the lungs and preventing lung growth in children.Several Studies show Air Pollution Raises risk of Alzheimer, low IQ, Autism, Dementia, Memory Loss, Stroke, Impaired Memory, Parkinson.► free full paper ► http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3622279/. (Arch Intern Med. 2012 Feb 13; 172(3): 219–227.)Smog lowers IQ and raises risk of autoimmune diseases, Alzheimer, Parkinson, Memory Loss, Brain Inflammation
(University of Montana study, Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 2015;43(3):1039-58. ► http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25147109
).Smog associated with neuroinflammation, an altered innate immune response, disruption of the blood-brain barrier, ultrafine particulate deposition, and accumulation of amyloid beta-42 and alpha-synuclein in children and young adults.
(free full paper, Toxicol Pathol. 2008 Feb;36(2):289-310)Early Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease pathology in urban children
- free full paper thanks to US National Library of Medicine (Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:161687)Air pollution exposures are linked to cognitive and olfaction deficits, oxidative stress, neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration including frontal hyperphosphorylated tau and diffuse amyloid plaques in children and young adults.
► Toxicol Pathol. 2008 Feb;36(2):289-310Brain Health and Air Pollution
► http://www.vox.com/2016/2/23/11094686/air-pollution-dementiaAir Pollution and Multiple Sclerosis
(free full paper)Car, Ships and coal smog also leads to lower IQ
.Lead exposure (air) and Alzheimer link
(American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry (AAGP) 2014 Annual Meeting. Abstract NR-13. Presented March 15, 2014.)Air Pollution and Impaired Memory
► http://www.npr.org/2012/02/17/147047547/air-pollution-ups-risk-of-stroke-impaired-memoryParticulate Matter, Ozone lead to more Alzheimer
(J Alzheimers Dis. 2015;44(2):573-84. )Alzheimer Disease caused by Oxidative Stress from Air Pollution
(Journal of Environmental and Public Health, Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 472751)Air Pollution and Alzheimer Disease explanation from University of Rochester
is a Washington University study showing what has been known for decades: car pollution as 2.5 micron particulate matter leads to heart disease. For example if you look at city-data.com and type your city, then Ctrl F to find "PM2.5" you will see the 2013 levels of ParticulateMatter2.5 which are Mountain View 11.3 (Google headquarters), New York 9.03, San Francisco 10.2, Sacramento 9.85, Redding, CA 6.07, Miami (Florida) 6.55, Houston 12.3, Seattle 9.29, Washington DC 11.4, Boston 9.07, Pittsburgh 9.71, Chicago 10.8, 17.7 in Beverly Hills, 17.4 in Santa Monica, 15.9 in Gardena, Manhattan Beach 16.4, Torrance 15.5, San Diego 11.2, Carlsbad 10, Malibu 9.40, Santa Barbara 9.65, Los Angeles 18.9, San Luis Obispo 7.11, I.e. LA area has high values compared to Northern California, San Diego and most of the big US cities.
The US average is 9.4. Beijing often reaches 250 (sometimes even 1000, 100 times above US average) - 10 times the 25 World Health Organization limit for safety. The 2013 Beijing average was 90.
There is no better "driving" karma than driving an electric car, especially if you drive more than 300 miles a month. Or some kind of plug in hybrid at least, short distances electric, longer gas. If one cannot drive electric for whatever reason, solar panels or going vegan can offset more than an electric car driven a lot. Solar panels a lot more than going vegan, if a big system in a sunny area.
For a detailed explanation of tremendous service to humanity done when you install solar panels or buy your next car electric, see https://plus.google.com/+AlexP/posts/Svx8uZ8Hk7A
. You not only save the world, but your money too, since electricity is much cheaper than gasoline. :)A few German politicians started talking about banning oil cars.
► https://plus.google.com/+AlexP/posts/EPxdxyHkrtLNorway already plans to ban oil cars in 2025, they just need to pass the bill in Parliament. More than 20% of new cars sold in Norway are electric these days, Norway having the most electric cars per capita in the world.
.Austria is thinking about banning them in 2020
.Holland wants gasoline and diesel cars banned in 2025