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kimmie koolbeans

Marine Life  - 
Florida Keys Tarpon are a prized silver game fish. This school of Tarpon are in the 30-70lbs range. We got some excellent underwater footage. Have a Great Weekend! 😃🐠😃
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John Allon

Marine Life  - 
Such a magnificent sight. May the day come soon when marine mammals [whales, dolphins, orcas, etc] are no longer captured for entertainment or hunted.
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Wow, this is an experience that I want to accomplish in my life time. This is breathtaking .
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Amrutha Rao

Marine Life  - 
Beautiful pictures of the bottom of the sea
she is very wonderul
LAKE Rivendell
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The Beautiful lake is located in the south East Europe .The Lake Is One Of The 20 Most Beautiful Lakes in the world is having on 17th Place 33000 hectares of land in Succession Including 16 lakes connected by Waterfall.
The lake has many Caves and Two Rivers Formed by the White River and the Black River Flow in which the River Korana.
In the Second Round of the New Wonders of the World Save the Beauty of this park Amazingly Increased Ise.

#photography #sunrisephotography
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Dragana Biocanin

Marine Life  - 

How much do you really know about turtles?

I’m Willie and I’m an oceans campaigner here at Greenpeace.

Over the years I’ve had the privilege of watching turtles from the bow of Greenpeace ships, and many of my colleagues have encountered these peaceful ocean wanderers far out at sea in the Mediterranean Sea, Indian and Pacific Oceans.

I’ve also learned a lot of interesting and surprising facts about these enigmatic creatures, and I wanted to share a few of my favourites with you:

11. Sea turtles are ancient

Like, really old. Not just that they live long, but they have existed on earth for an incredible 150 million years. Dinosaurs went extinct 65 million years ago, but the turtles are still with us!

10. The Leatherback turtle is the world’s fastest moving-reptile

Cumbersome and sluggish on land, turtles seem as slow as their tortoise cousins do. But in the sea the hydrodynamism of the leatherback turtle means can rack up an impressive swimming speed of 35km per hour!

9. The Leatherback turtle might also be the world’s biggest reptile

It really depends how you measure, but the leatherback turtle can grow to the size of a double bed! That means it vies with the komodo dragon and the salt-water crocodile for the title of biggest reptile (unless you count Nessie or Godzilla…).

8. Sea turtles have built-in GPS as standard

Turtles are true ocean wanderers, they travel thousands of miles across entire oceans to feed and breed. But luckily they have an inbuilt navigational system that allows female turtles to return precisely to the beach where they were born to lay their own eggs.

7. Leatherback turtles love to eat jelly

I don’t think you’re ready for this jelly fact: leatherback turtles are ‘gelatinovores’. That means they eat jellyfish! Their throats are especially adapted to slurp down the slippery stinging jellies, with backwards facing spikes making it a one-way jelly journey. The bad news is that underwater a plastic bag can look exactly like a jelly.

6. Green turtles are vegetarians

Different turtles like different food – some crunch on shellfish, some snack on sponges - but the green turtle likes nothing better than grazing on sea grass or seaweed. Oddly, they only become vegetarian as adults, baby green turtles will eat anything (presumably except Brussel sprouts! Blergh!).

5. A turtle’s sex is determined by temperature

Whether sea turtle hatchlings are born male or female depends on the temperature of where they happen to be located in the nest. If it’s warmer than the “pivotal temperature” (28 - 29 degrees Celsius), the turtle is born female, if it’s colder, male.

4. Baby turtles are unbelievably cute

This is a fact. If you don’t believe me – go look at some pictures of baby turtles.

3. Male turtles never go home

Sea turtles only return to land to lay eggs, so the male turtles never come home (they also never call, they never write…

2. Baby turtles face an obstacle course of predators & go on a swimming frenzy

Life is tough for baby turtles. They hatch en masse then need to run the gauntlet to get to the sea past hungry crabs, birds, lizards and lots of others. But that’s just the start of it, baby turtles know the odds are against them so when they hit the water they swim, swim, swim as far and fast as they can from the shore for days on end. Not bad for their first dip.

1. Sea turtles talk to each other before they hatch

People used to think that turtles didn’t make noises. But now we know that’s just not true. In fact, sea turtles talk to each other before they’ve even hatched. While still in their individual eggs, turtles communicate with each other by making sounds. Researchers believe they do this in order to coordinate their hatching times (now, if that’s not adorable...).

Sea turtles really are amazing animals. Despite these fun facts the reality is there is still a lot about turtles we simply don’t know yet.

What we do know is that sea turtles are in danger across the world. Six out of seven species are endangered or vulnerable to extinction. Turtles’ nesting beaches are being destroyed by coastal developments, their ocean homes are increasingly busy and polluted, and they are ensnared in fishing nets and hooks by destructive fishing.
by Willie
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Vera Barreto

Marine Life  - 
World Turtle Day is marked on 23 May annually to raise awareness of the threats to turtle species globally.
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Mio Romanic

Marine Life  - 
Water Snake - Wildwood Lake, Harrisburg Pennsylvania
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Marine Life  - 
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Dragana Biocanin

Marine Life  - 

12 Sea Turtle Facts That Prove How Cool They Are

1. They’ve been around for a very, very long time.

The oldest known sea turtle fossils date back about 150 million years, making them some of the oldest creatures on Earth. Just for some context, dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago.

2. They really love to travel.

Leatherback sea turtles can travel more than 10,000 miles every year.

3. For sea turtles, home is where the heart is.

When it’s time to lay their eggs, female sea turtles return to the same nesting grounds where they were born.

4. They can hold their breath for a very (very, very) long time.

Green sea turtles can stay underwater for up to five hours, but their feeding dives usually only last five minutes or less.

5. They can grow to be suuuuuper heavy.

Leatherback sea turtles can weigh up to 2,000 pounds. Just look at this behemoth.

6. Their eggs look amazingly like pingpong balls.

But they’re not, so don’t try to play with them! Females lay up to 150 eggs every two to three years. A couple months later, tiny turtles emerge.

7. And for the new hatchlings, it really is survival of the fittest.

It is estimated that only one hatchling in a thousand will make it to adulthood. Whether it’s the treacherous journey from nest to ocean or the predatory dangers of the open sea, it’s a cruel, cruel world out there for these youngsters.

8. Male sea turtles spend their entire lives at sea.

Since they don’t have to return to land to lay eggs, males almost never leave the ocean. This can make it difficult to keep track of population numbers.

9. Sometimes they cry, but not because they’re sad.

Sea turtles have glands that help to empty excess salt from their eyes, making it appear as though they’re crying, but not to worry, they’re just doing some spring cleaning.

10. Their gender depends on how hot or cold their environment was while they were in their eggs.

During incubation, sex is determined by the temperature of the surrounding environment. Warm temperatures tend to produce more female hatchlings, whereas cooler temps result in males.

11. They’re in deep trouble and it’s our fault.

There are seven species of sea turtles, six of which are either threatened or endangered. Humans pose the biggest threat to a sea turtle’s survival, which contributes to problems such as entanglement, habitat loss and consumption of their eggs and meat.

12. They’re totally adorable. ❤ ❤ ❤

But you already knew that.

By Landess Kearns
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Marine Life  - 
Arthropods are invertebrates with an exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed appendages. Arthropods form the phylum Arthropoda, which includes Insects, Arachnids, Myriapods, and Crustaceans. So Crabs, Lobsters, Shrimp, Barnacles and many other animals belong to the phylum arthropods. In fact, 75% of all animals belong to this phylum, which also includes Spiders and Insects.

Image: Peacock Mantis Shrimp
(Arthropods/Selected Pictures - Wikipedia)

#Arthropods   #Shrimp   #Spiders   #Insects   #EarlyLearning  
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Mantis shrimp!
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Vera Barreto

Marine Life  - 
Whether you live in the Sunshine State or are just visiting, as sea turtle nesting season hits Florida’s beaches, make sure you know what to do to keep these creatures safe.
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Marine Life  - 
Swarms of Octopus Are Taking Over the Oceans

Image: Giant Australian Cuttlefish
(Wildlife Photographer Scott Portelli)

#Octopus   #Ocean   #EarlyLearning  
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Dragana Biocanin

Marine Life  - 

Oldest well-documented Blanding's turtle recaptured at U-M reserve at age 83

A female Blanding's turtle believed to be at least 83 years old was captured at a University of Michigan forest reserve this week. Researchers say it is the oldest well-documented Blanding's turtle and one of the oldest-known freshwater turtles.

The turtle was captured Monday at U-M's Edwin S. George Reserve, about 25 miles northwest of Ann Arbor in southwestern Livingston County, near Pinckney. This individual, known as 3R11L, was first captured and marked in 1954, one year after the start of the reserve's long-running turtle study. It has been recaptured more than 50 times since then.

Blanding's turtles reach sexual maturity at around age 20. Since 3R11L was sexually mature when first captured in 1954, she is believed to be at least 83 years old, according to turtle researcher Justin Congdon, who began studying the E.S. George turtles in the mid-1970s.

"There was a lot of excitement and a lot of high-fives when we caught it, and we celebrated with a bottle of Cabernet," said Congdon, a professor emeritus at the University of Georgia who studied the E.S.

George turtles every nesting season from 1975 through 2007. He came out of retirement to return to the reserve this month.

"We knew that we were down to fewer than 15 of the turtles that were marked in the 1950s," he said. "We figured we still had a chance to catch one, and it has been one of our goals to do so."

The previous longevity record for a Blanding's turtle was a 76-year-old individual from Minnesota, he said. Other types of turtles, including box turtles, wood turtles and sea turtles—as well as tortoises—are thought to live longer.

"This is just one example that shows the importance of our multigenerational investment in the biological sciences," said Andrew Martin, dean of the U-M College of Literature, Science, and the Arts.

"If we hadn't continued this work over the decades, we would have no idea how long-lived these turtles are or how they respond to ecological changes," said U-M biologist Christopher Dick, director of the E.S. George Reserve.

Congdon said that when he examined 3R11L, he felt what he believes are soft-shelled eggs inside of her. In his decades of research at the E.S. George Reserve, Congdon found that the oldest female Blanding's turtles he captured had more egg clutches than the younger ones, as well as more eggs per clutch.

"Reptiles basically reproduce until something kills them," Congdon said. "So if it turns out that this individual is gravid, it would not come as a total surprise. Even so, this would be quite a bit older than has been documented in many other snakes and turtles."

In addition to Blanding's turtles, painted turtles and snapping turtles are also studied at the 1,297-acre E.S. George Reserve, which was established in 1930. There are an estimated 1,500 painted turtles at the reserve, along with about 250 Blanding's and 250 snapping turtles, Congdon said.

While the population of Blanding's turtles at the E.S. George Reserve appears to be stable, that's not the case in other parts of the animal's range. It is protected by Michigan law as a special concern species.

And about a year ago, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service said it would assess the status of five reptiles and amphibians to determine whether Endangered Species Act protection is warranted. Blanding's turtles were one of the five species; the study is ongoing.

Dick said the reserve has initiated a restoration program to improve historically important nesting habitat for Blanding's turtles. They prefer to nest in open, sandy locations with lots of sunlight.

But over the years, a non-native shrub called autumn olive has invaded many longtime nesting sites in the reserve. During the past year, autumn olive was removed to restore nesting habitat, Dick said.

Provided by: University of Michigan
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All Five Oceans

Marine Life  - 
Weirdest sharks photos and info
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Dragana Biocanin

Marine Life  - 

For baby sea turtles, it helps to have a lot of siblings

Sea turtles do not have an easy start to life. After hatching, they have to break out of their shell, dig their way out from beneath the sand, then make a mad dash across the beach to the water where they may or may not find food and safety — hopefully without getting snapped up by a predator. All of this requires a bit of luck and a lot of energy. And the energy a hatchling expends on breaking out of the nest is energy that can’t be used on surviving the rest of the journey.

Now, a new study has quantified the amount of energy a baby sea turtle uses to dig itself to the surface. Having lots of siblings — and, thus, lots of help — can really be a time and energy saver, researchers report May 18 in the Journal of Experimental Biology. That also implies that the conservation technique of dividing clutches may instead make hatchlings worse off.

Figuring out the energy expenditure of baby sea turtles took some trial and error. Mohd Uzair Rusli of the University of Malaysia Terengganu and colleagues started by burying newly hatched green turtles beneath 40 centimeters of beach sand, but the hatchlings never started digging and the researchers abandoned the experiment after 48 hours. They suspected that the turtles might need a pocket of air, something that would naturally be found in between eggs.

The team then tried eggs that were just starting to hatch, orienting them so that the top of the egg — where a turtle had started to emerge — would be toward the sand surface. But instead of digging upwards, many of the turtles dug toward the side of the big sand-filled chamber. The researchers thought that the babies may have been drawn to light entering through the transparent chamber walls. “It appears that they can be attracted to light even when buried underground,” they note. This is perhaps not all that surprising given that researchers knew that baby turtles use cues from the sun to emerge most often at night or on cloudy days.

For the final experiment, the scientists buried clutches of eggs just about to hatch beneath 40 centimeters of beach sand in a chamber with opaque walls. Just above the eggs sat a strip of aluminum foil that, when broken, signaled the start of the digging-out process. A 24-hour webcam monitored the top of the sand so researchers could see when digging ended. The whole setup was then enclosed so that the scientists could measure oxygen consumption — a stand-in for energy expenditure. And the team was careful to stay quiet near the experiment, because they learned that talking near the buried turtles prompted the tiny hatchlings to dig.

Escaping from the sand took between 3.7 and 7.8 days, with larger clutches taking less time to emerge and also using less oxygen per hatchling. Digging behavior was not consistent during the whole time; the oxygen consumption rate rose and fell in peaks as the turtles dug and dug and dug together, rested and then started again. “In nature, it is likely that hatchlings receive a significant benefit by belonging to a large clutch,” the team concludes. They use less energy in their escape, leaving more for the mad dash to the sea and finding a first meal.

The researchers note that in some regions of the world, it is a common conservation strategy to split up clutches when relocating them into hatcheries. But this practice, they warn, could leave baby turtles with reduced energy reserves when they reach the ocean.

By Sarah Zielinski
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Marine Life  - 
It's World Turtle Day, today!
Show a little love to turtles on World Turtle Day! Celebrate them by tracking leatherback sea turtle migration.
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Dragana Biocanin

Marine Life  - 
GALVESTON — Two college students on Thursday discovered the first eggs this nesting season laid by an endangered Kemp’s ridley sea turtle on the upper Texas Gulf Coast. The dry spell for patrols ended this year thanks to money provided by BP as part of its criminal settlement to restore the environmental damage caused by the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. “But that’s only a small portion of what it will take to help the Kemp’s ridley sea tur...
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