Provisional Committee for National Dialogue is always given powers, chance to critic or questions those in power and instructs them to give solution to problem in the country.
By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba

First and foremost, I would like to convey my greetings to my fellow South Sudanese plus all the readers who may have opportunity to go through this article. Our nation is currently led by dreadful ideologies, fraudulent and awful hearts. Those have lost all the morals integrity in leading us. We have lost the spirit of nationalism to eradicate the right technique to national capacity building and peace building. I don’t consider myself among the majority of neutrals I do protests on how this country is mishandle, am not in budge with frustrated majority who feel helpless and too scared to speak anything who are indeed silence, and experience worry on South Sudan national security lethal behaviors. In fact I’m not against any proposal that will bring peace to our nation.

Honestly, I would like to share my opinion to public on National Dialogue initiated by the HE Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan to interview the problem and find solution to ongoing war across the nation in-accordance to compromise peace agreement signed two years ago between the government and arms opposition party (SPLM-IO) negotiated by IGAD, although some people may get resentful to my article I will still remain a South Sudanese die-heart citizen continuing with national opinion poll.

Actually this national dialogue initiated by the president will not bring final resolution or tranquil to our nation if not politically guided well with principle of national dialogue. This process will indeed provoke the situation to local people; the government has blackmail the country by using unenthusiastic principle of dictatorship in-order to remain in power for good years. The whole nation is misinform by the government engine loaders to avail book wrap to make citizens confuse and definitely silence the citizen by creating assignment (Project) to their colleagues that were having no room to enjoy or corrupting national affairs, this project will again consumes our resource without even producing solution to the conflict. The project is branded with especially name National Dialogue to convene the regional and international countries.

The so-called national dialogue of South Sudan is difference from other world national dialogue category; the real national dialogue is an increasingly popular tool for conflict resolution and political transformation. It can broaden debate regarding a country’s trajectory beyond the usual elite decision makers. It always in the position of giving chance to critic or questions those in power and instructs them to give solution to problem in the country. The national dialogue provisional committee are always given powers to act independently they are not threaten or intimidate by those in powers. Our national dialogue is lacking agenda to discuss is just memory of nothing. Also it lacks political facts and mediators to handle the process. It lacks independency and mandate integrity.

South Sudan need an effective national dialogue to convenes a broad set of stakeholders for a deliberative process. To maximize the dialogue’s potential to address the real drivers of conflict; all key interest groups should be invited to participate, including women, youth, and other traditionally excluded groups such as opposition groups. Before the process begins, an inclusive, transparent, and consultative preparatory phase sets the foundation for a genuine national dialogue. The initial decisions on the shape and structure of a national dialogue and in particular, who is invited to participate, can be as intensely political as the dialogue itself. It is important that these preparations are undertaken carefully and transparently by a preparatory committee that is inclusive of all major groups.
Note even a dialogue that includes all major interest groups risks losing legitimacy if there are not sufficient opportunities for the public to remain informed about and feed into the dialogue. This broad participation can be achieved by linking local dialogue processes to the national dialogue, as well as through public consultations, regular outreach, and coverage in the media. Delegates can be mandated to hold consultations with the groups that they represent.

To secure the participation of a wide variety of stakeholder groups and to avoid perceptions of bias, a credible convener is of the utmost importance. This convener may take the form of a single person, a group of people, an organization, or a coalition of organizations. The convener should be respected by the majority of citizens and should not have any political aspirations or goals that would present an obvious conflict of interest.

I would also appeal to the provisional committee to reach agreement on key issues facing a country. Often, months or even years of pre-negotiation or consultation need to take place to identify and agree upon these issues, which could include any number of conflict-fueling themes: national identity, the role of religion in government, political rights, basic freedoms, institutional reform, election procedures, and the structure of government. A national dialogue’s agenda should provide for substantive conversation around the major grievances of all key interest groups but not get mired in details, which are often better resolved by technical bodies or future governments.

National dialogues should take place outside of the existing institutions of government. In fact, national dialogues are often convened because the sitting government and existing institutions are unable to resolve the major issues at hand, either because they are seen as neither legitimate nor credible, or because they are unwilling to challenge the status quo. A national dialogue will have its own set of procedures and rules for making decisions, which should be transparent and carefully tailored to the composition of the group and the nature of the issues. These procedures should also include mechanisms to break deadlocks if an agreement cannot be reached. Furthermore, a clear mandate lends purpose and authority to a national dialogue, whether it has been established through a peace agreement, law, presidential decree, or some other manner. The clear mandate of national dialogue allowed delegates to make steady progress toward four goals: selecting a caretaker government, approving a new constitution, establishing an electoral management body, and setting a timetable for elections. National dialogues should feature an agreed upon plan to ensure that the resulting recommendations are implemented through a new constitution, law, policy, or other programs. Without a clear implementation plan, a national dialogue risks consuming extensive time and resources without producing any tangible results.

Therefore, I’m requesting the Provisional committee of South Sudan National Dialogue headed by Abel Alier Kuai to consider local people ownership because without a strong respected national facilitator and buy-in from a sufficient coalition of the country’s groups, a national dialogue is unlikely to produce any meaningful change. National authorities should bear the primary responsibility for envisioning, organizing, facilitating, and financing the national dialogue. Although international assistance can fill important gaps, assistance providers must take great care to leave the fundamental responsibilities in the hands of national authorities.

International actors can offer important support on the follow-up to national dialogues, while ensuring that the main responsibility and decision making remains in the hands of national actors. This support can take the form of donor commitment to provide funding to implement the policy priorities that emerge from a national dialogue. International actors can also fill a gap by providing technical guidance to assist national authorities in reaching agreement on contentious issues that remained unresolved at the dialogue’s conclusion, although this must be undertaken cautiously to avoid perceptions of bias. Civil society may also benefit from international support to monitor the implementation of agreements reached through the national dialogue.

Lastly, I would like to ask my colleagues across the country either in the government or in rebel camp to wake-up and join the campaigns to empower the national dialogue to make good observations and make implementation of results immediately. There is need to revise the current government leadership manifestly, and make any possible changes if compatible.

The writer can be reach through machardhieu@gmail.com,

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The “National dialogue” declared by the president, will bring the people of South Sudan into one umbrella of peace and unity

By Daniel Machar Dhieu

On my own behalf as citizen of this nation (South Sudan), I would like to extend most cordial congratulations to president of Republic of South Sudan H.E Salva Kiir Mayardit on declaration of national dialogue as tool for Conflict Transformation, political orientation and political stability across the nation. This initiative was not of human direction but divine thinking of allows the whole nation to set-off for national dialogue. This formed the bedrock of our multi-tribes nation, guiding them on a historical pathway that eventually led to their membership in this nation of strong people of independent South Sudan and divine democracy policy.
South Sudan has been searching for effective solution to end the chronic violence across the country until Wednesday 14th December 2016 when His Excellency president of the Republic of South Sudan declared “the national Dialogue” in-order to calm and bring the ongoing crisis to an end. According to president, the national dialogue is an increasingly popular apparatus for conflict resolution and political transformation in the country.
It is important to temper the current enthusiasm for national dialogues with a critical analysis of the necessary conditions for a successful national dialogue. There are many circumstances under which a national dialogue is likely to be inappropriate and where another conflict resolution tool may be more suitable. Note this right; Mr. President Salva Kiir has taken a good move by announcing the national dialogue across the country. I personally agree with president decision by encouraging all stakeholders of this nation to recognize this call and indeed he called upon his colleagues who are currently living outside the country because of war to join him in building this nation and acknowledge the entire civil population to forgive him in case he might have go wrong or mess somewhere. Therefore, I hope there will be change in shortest time.
In many countries, national dialogue has been considered as helpful tool for breaking political deadlock and transforming complex conflicts. This process is always initiated through political pacts, civil society activism, and national institutions to inform the entire public on the significance importance of national dialogue. In relation to above statement, national dialogue is used as the concept of an inclusive and holistic national conversation to gained popularity, the term national dialogue is used to describe an increasingly heterogeneous set of processes. Consequently, it is challenging to define national dialogues or to assess their individual or cumulative impact. This mean national dialogue is designed for all people in the country to decide their way forward.
In my own opinion, national dialogues focuses on procedure that; address a broad set of issues or problems, operate outside of the permanent institutions of governance and under their own rules and procedures, and have buy-in from a coalition of key stakeholders that are positioned to implement the recommendations that emerge from the dialogue. The recommendations after national dialogue completion must be adapted to national contexts and changing conflict dynamics, a national dialogue should incorporate the principle of it mandate in order to contribute meaningfully to political transformation and peace. I personally want H.E President Kiir, to pressure all the stakeholders to make this national dialogue an effective national dialogue. In-order to maximize the dialogue’s potential to address the real drivers of conflict; all key interest groups should be invited to participate, including women, youth, and other traditionally excluded groups. Before the process begins, an inclusive, transparent, and consultative preparatory phase sets the foundation for a genuine national dialogue. The initial decisions on the shape and structure of a national dialogue and in particular, who is invited to participate, can be as intensely political as the dialogue itself. It is important that these preparations are undertaken carefully and transparently by a preliminary committee that is inclusive of all major groups.
On other-hand I would like to ask H.E president Kiir to act personally on monitoring this national dialogue and make sure all procedures are fully implemented. Although, the project includes all major groups there is a chance of losing it legitimacy if there are not sufficient opportunities for the public to remain informed about and feed into the dialogue. Beyond the delegates who are in the room, a national dialogue should also have mechanisms to include the broader population. This broad participation can be achieved by linking local dialogue processes to the national dialogue, as well as through public consultations, regular outreach, and coverage in the media. Delegates can be mandated to hold consultations with the groups that they represent, as always done in developed countries.
This national dialogue committee should act as a device for all people across the country to meet their spirit of nationalisms and expression of freedom. In –order to secure the participation of a wide variety of stakeholder groups and to avoid perceptions of bias, a credible convener is of the utmost importance. This convener may take the form of a single person, a group of people, an organization, or a coalition of organizations. The convener should be respected by the majority of citizens and should not have any political aspirations or goals that would present an obvious conflict of interest. Yes president Kiir of Republic of South Sudan has already made it clear to all citizens by acknowledging them on how this national dialogue is going to work; he is going to work with team as a patron of this project, preliminary committee to be form soon with the help from Ebony Center for Economic strategic studies, Sudd institute, Center for Peace and research development (University of Juba) and South Sudan Council of Churches (SSCC). President plus these groups will work for the success and benefit of this nation.
Therefore, in Conclusion of part one of this article; the national dialogue declared by president of Republic of South Sudan will therefore often convened because the sitting government and existing institutions are unable to resolve the major issues at hand, either because they are seen as neither legitimate nor credible, or because they are unwilling to challenge the status of ongoing crisis. This national dialogue project will have its own set of procedures and rules for making decisions, which should be transparent and carefully modified to the composition of the group and the nature of the issues. These procedures should also include mechanism to break deadlocks if an agreement cannot be reached. Furthermore, a clear mandate lends purpose and authority to a national dialogue, whether it has been established through a peace agreement, law, presidential decree, or some other manner. The clear mandate of this national dialogue allowed delegates to make steady progress toward burning issues affecting the national peace and stability of the nation. Part two in publication.
The writer is a South Sudanese National and student at South Sudan Christian University of Science and Technology, Gudele, (Juba) Main Campus. You can reach him via his email: Daniel Machar Dhieu machardhieu@gmail.com


Speaking My Mind
Tribalism, incomparability and power struggle are subject to our nation collapse
By Daniel Machar Dhieu, Juba South Sudan

South Sudan was meant to be great.
That was the dreams of our forefathers but sadly the South Sudan we have today is anything but the dreams of our forefathers. This is not the South Sudan our fathers had in mind when the lay down their lives for the Good and unity for our nation. When our fathers pressured Khartoum government for independence the plans they have for this country was of unity and greatness. Sadly many years later we are still struggling to be united talk more of being great. How can we be great when we are not united?

Those of us born in the late rebellion of SPLM/A will agree and understand with me when a say as a child in those days we belong to nobody but we belong to everybody. We were not trained by our parents alone, the whole community trained us. (In some cases more than our parents) it doesn't matter your tribe or religion if u misbehave any elderly person around there have the right and moral responsibility to correct you and even discipline you. And our parents will thank them. But today the case is very much different.


The level of tribal hate and power struggle I see in this forum alone is enough to give a man of 25 years high level stroke. It bleeds my heart when I see the level of tribal and power struggle hate displayed on this forum alone by our supposed leaders of tomorrow. Even with the high level of intermarriages and Co existence between the Nuer and Dinka over the years, the level of hate and miss trust between this two tribes is a course of concern to any well meaning person.

Instead of us blaming each other for the problems we face as a nation is it not better we forgo our prides and come together. Put our houses in order and look for how to make this nation great again. Are you not tired of judging people base on their tribe or religion rather than their character and personality?

Indeed, getting into power in my country is based not on your ideologies or a good campaign strategy but rather which tribe you were born into. A man is most times not judged by his skill set or character but rather the tribe in which he was born into. Belonging to a certain tribe killed a lot of people in 2013, 2016 July and worse of it, is what is going on now. Thousands displaced and left a country picking up its pieces trying to get back on its feet after taking a massive fall.
This is not only limited to my country as it is happening all over Africa. Politicians have perfected the art of divide and conquer. The ongoing conflict within my country for example, did you know that even at the UN refugee camps the two ethnic groups are being kept on separate sides for security concerns; the Dinka are on one side and the Nuer on another. Our country has greatly failed in many directions and the most challenging practice is the killing of common citizen across the country base on ethnicity which is meaningless.
This troubling issue got me thinking. Why are we so prone to manipulation on such terms? Are we stupid, ignorant or just plain naïve? Or is tribalism an inherent quality that is hard and impossible to fight?
As a scholar of my opinion I am ideally inclined towards ideology based on my acquired habit of rationalizing issues. This would therefore mean that if I take away my scholarly disposition, I will act in whatever way comes naturally although not in all aspects.
The fact that most elections in African nations are most of the time based purely on tribe rather than issues or ideologies is most of the time viewed as being naïve. Well, it is to some extent because it is the cause of bad governance and the continued turmoil of the continent that we are eventually the victims of it as South Sudan. But if you critically evaluate the cause of the situation you realize it is a matter of nature being reinforced by nurture. Most young South Sudanese who have not had the chance to leave their villages grow up in a society where all the people they know belong to their tribe; they get very little interaction with people from outside this affiliation. When such a person gets to university, before he can be able to shed off the one thing he has grown up knowing: very old-age dogs and new tricks! He most likely gets educated and fails to learn. He then goes ahead and carries the habits forward.
As human beings we are all naturally subjective when it comes to family or friends. We act in favor of those we are familiar with or those we can relate to even if it is remotely. This makes it easy for someone without any academic training to get manipulated when someone appeals to their emotional conditioning. This is what politicians and rebel leaders take advantage of: they manipulate young minds and parade them up for war.
Don’t get me wrong, I am not justifying or defending actions of those people who are killing and maiming other human beings based on their tribal affiliation. I am well aware of the effects that tribalism or ethnicity can have in a society; I have felt the impacts first hand. What I am putting across is a perspective on this issue that people mostly ignore. We need to understand our nature if we are to change it! And make analysis to these questions as mention below;
Are you not tired of calling entire tribe cowards simply because they are highly respectful and accommodating to all that comes their way?

Are you not tired of being use and dump by our politicians, traditional rulers and religious leaders to promote hate and violence just for their selfish interest?

Are you not tired of the high level of tribal hate and religious fanaticism in this great nation of ours? Are you not tired?

Are you not tired of hating your fellow human simply because he/she is from another tribe or religion? And not because that particular person have offended u in anyway. Are you not tired?

As for me am tired. Even my unborn children are tired.
I so much long for the day I can visit both my friends and brothers in some part of my country because of fear and entirely people can’t sleep in their houses freely; eat their food with fear and being afraid of their lives.

I look forward for the day when my fellow South Sudanese people will see the gorgeousness of this nation and put the development of this nation as the first priority through subtracting the policy of tribalism and nepotism.
I look forward to the day when the Respect and kindness shown to the nation starting from the leadership to the entire civil population of this nation and let the respect of this nation remained the policy or agent of getting into leadership and should not be misinterpreted as a weakness.

Please let us lean to love and respect each other irrespective of their tribe or religion.
We owe it to ourselves but most importantly we owe it to our children and the future of this great nation.
God Bless South Sudan
God bless our president and elected officials.
God Bless the youths
God Bless our Elders.
May the sacrifice made by our fathers for the Good and Unity of this Nation be not in vain
And may the souls of All our forgotten heroes rest in peace. Amen.

The writer is the student at South Sudan Christian University of Science and Technology (SSCUST), Juba South Sudan.

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killing of civilians in Juba town (South Sudan) is violation to humanity and stability of this nation. The country has been divided into criminals and killers . where killers are supporters of government while criminals are rebel supporters.
here is hard to determine when this nation come to peace. I personally agree with international communities of sending more troops to protect civil population in the country.

Our nation on crisis
This country has gotten where it is not suppose to be but because political wrangle that mess the country into this confusion. That we have carried as much political bunk as we and still survived at critical junction shows we are a unable nation.
we totally failed to recognized ourselves in managing this nation. our leaders failed to delivers services to people and corrupt the nation by outing the national resources to other countries.
We need to courage ourselves as sons and daughters of this nation through unification of all agenda of developing this nation before it got spoiled. We need to have peace, love and unity among ourselves in order to overcome the current situation of political and economic crisis. We need to be always cooperating to solve our problem within other than far people

The current leadership in South Sudan failed to protect its citizens while the citizens lost control to each other making them to kill themselves.
we have no government protecting nation at this time

i would like to convey message to all members and well wishers of this community to pray for South Sudan leadership in order to calm the situation of insecurity. our people are daily affected by this crisis in all the corners.
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