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Giorgio Bertini

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The aim of this paper is to point out which role the individual plays in the generation of information in social systems. First, it is argued that the individual is a social, self-conscious, creative, reflective, cultural,  symbol- and language-using, active natural, producing, labouring, objective, corporeal, living, real, sensuous, visionary, imaginative, designing, co-operative being  that makes its own history and can strive towards freedom and autonomy. Based on these assumptions the  re-creation/self-organisation of social systems is described as a dialectic of actions and social structures and as a dialectic of individual information and social information. The individual enters economic, political and cultural relationships that result in the  emergence and differentiation of social (i.e. economic, political and cultural) information which enables and constrains individual actions and thinking. Individuals as actors in social systems are indispensable for social self-organisation.
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Robert Best
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The Science Behind Team Intelligence
Here's how psychologists are learning to measure collective intelligence

The article points out a few of the measures, from the study, that can predict the effectiveness of a group:

- "Conversational turn-taking also made a big difference; groups dominated by a few talkers were less effective."
- "Social Sensitivity. E.g. sensing the proper meaning of a furrowed brow or noticing someone’s silent wish to contribute to a conversation."
- "Another way to predict the most effective group was much simpler: Just count the number of women. That’s because in this research and much other research, women perform a great deal better than men in measures of social sensitivity."
Groups have IQs all their own. Here's how psychologists are learning to measure "collective intelligence."
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Sean Champ

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In a context with recent news of the development and ratification of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) #post2015 and 2030 agendas – such as has gained some airtime, veritably across social networking services – moreover, considering that it may seem to mark a positively pragmstic precedent, if not moreover a shift in views with regards to humanitarian aid services to crisis regions. Surely, it's a timely set of events, these months before the turn of winter.

The UN would certainly be more well equipped than myself, to comment of circumstances in international crisis areas – of events among and across the armed conflicts, ongoing political disputes, the plights of people fleeing the crises, the risks faced by journalists in crisis regions, and if ever there may be an "Odd Goose," such as of the Circus2Iraq endeavor. In such abstraction, perhaps it could sound like a trivial semantics. Certainly, any practical endeavors might not all seem quite so philosophically straightforward.

Surely, there are many experts whom have published expert commentarIes, as about all of such concepts. If there may be a practical course of action available for anyone to assist in development and support of the forward-thinking post2015 agendas and the overall health and well being of peoples in crisis areas, perhaps that could not all be singularly "On the UN."

Not as if to in any ways oversimplify the efforts of any singular institutions endeavoring as to address such crises: Insofar as these are human crises, surely there is always a time to consult humanity as an institution, moreover with an interest for good health?
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Remy Fannader

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Taking a leaf from Richard Dawkins, Memes are the key to unlock collective intelligence, as can be demonstrated with today's merging of actual and symbolic realms.
“The new soup is the soup of human culture. We need a name for the new replicator, a noun which conveys the idea of a unit of cultural transmission, or a unit of imitation. 'Mimeme' comes from a su...
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Robert Best
moderator

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Collective Intelligence: How does it emerge?
The cognitive, cultural, digital, and organizational preconditions
http://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/collective_intelligence.pdf
By Stefana Broadbent and +Mattia Gallotti 

"This paper discusses some of the prerequisites for collective intelligence: the cognitive predisposition that allows humans to elaborate shared intentions, the presence of cultural artefacts that allow co–ordination across time and space, the interaction with digital tools that embed social practices, the existence of systems of governance that encourage the free transformation of knowledge."

"As we have mentioned in the previous section, the challenge for collective intelligence to emerge in social groups is not only to create settings for sharing and communication, but also to provide the means for knowledge to be made public, to be assembled, sedimented and reflected upon."

Discovered via +Pierre Lévy 
http://bit.ly/1Kh3uEK
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Giorgio Bertini

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The term social memory refers to the dynamic interplay between history, culture and cognition. At the level of the individual, three sources of knowledge: history, collective memory and individual experience combine to create a subjective view of historical reality, a common sense narrative that is often expressed with identity objectives and within an autobiographical context. This model of social memory, which is informed by social representations theory, makes a distinction between (i) collective memory, which is resistant to change, and () representations of the past discussed and disseminated within a social milieu, which have the potential to evolve into new or altered perspectives, particularly when they are vulnerable to generational shift.
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Giorgio Bertini

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Fearing that our overreliance on an individual, heroic model of leadership will only continue to dampen the energy and creativity of people in our organizations and communities, this essay proposes a practice perspective of leadership based on a collaborative agency mobilized through engaged social interaction. After briefly reviewing the emerging practice tradition in leadership studies, the article turns to the inseparable connection between leadership and agency and discusses how structure may pacify but, under dialogic conditions, release agency. Acknowledging the cultural constraints against collaborative agency, the account affirms its potential realization through interpersonal interaction and sociality. Specific leadership activities associated with collaborative agency and their conditions are illustrated. The paper concludes by showing how the collaborative agentic model might produce a more sustainable future for our world while suggesting avenues for future research of a collective rather than a personal approach to leadership.
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Giorgio Bertini

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This study explored innovative alternative processes of living, learning, and knowledge sharing of a loosely knit community of anarchist, anticapitalist “Do-It-Yourself” (DIY) activists. Generated through participant observation and interviews, findings reinforced adult education theories—that adults can diagnose their own learning needs and carry out appropriate learning activities. Participants also critiqued prevailing educational practices, suggesting alternatives such as autonomy, choice, critical thinking, cooperative learning, and deconstructing hierarchy. In particularly promising findings, the DIY activists described radical alternative channels for knowledge sharing: piracy, skill shares, Internet/open source media, the streets, and zines. Employing older and newer technologies, and legal and illegal methods, these modalities embodied in powerful ways the participants’ radical political commitments. The DIY activists also gave cause to reflect on the nature of cultural dialogism, community, and communities of practice as they struggled with the nature of their own identities, ideologies, and desires to broaden outreach beyond their immediate community.
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Giorgio Bertini

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The sharing economy allows people to share property, resources, time and skills across online platforms. This can unlock previously unused, or under-used assets – helping people make money from their empty spare room and the tools in their sheds they use once a year. It allows people to go from owning expensive assets, such as cars, to paying for them only when they need them. Individuals can make more from their skills, and work more flexibly. There has been tremendous growth in the sharing economy in recent years, and this is set to continue. This is a huge opportunity and our ambition should be to be the world’s leading sharing economy. As with all disruption, we also need to be careful. Sharing economy businesses and traditional operators need to be treated fairly, particularly in terms of regulation. Consumers must be protected, and trust must be strengthened in online transactions. However, a degree of caution should not stop us from embracing the potential sharing offers for a new, more efficient and more flexible economy.
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Giorgio Bertini

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The Social Innovation Lab emphasizes not only imagining interventions but also gaining system sight, redefining problems, and identifying opportunities in the broader context with the potential to tip systems in positive directions. It is a three-step process of developing, testing and instigating innovation strategies. It requires the right starting conditions, an investment in research and skilled facilitators. It also makes use of computer modeling to proto-typing interventions in complex systems. Like other processes for convening multi-stakeholder groups working on complex challenges, it is best suited to the early stages of making change. This guide is offered as a resource to peers, colleagues, practitioners, leaders from all sectors, and concerned citizens – all who have and/or will participate in change-making processes. One hope for this work is that these ideas on Social Innovation and these recommendations for new practice will result in greater sense of agency for those who work on what often seems like impossible aspirations for a different, better world. Probably our greatest hope is that these ideas help to transform the impossible into the possible.
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Feathered Pipe Foundation

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"For approximately 30,000 years, Eisler argues, partnership was the norm. In part because of the recognition of the life-giving feminine, it seems that neither men nor women were considered superior or inferior to one another in these societies.

Eisler holds that this most fundamental relationship—between man and woman—formed the basis for all other relationships and institutions in these societies, and thus that people were “linked” by their differences rather than considered “above” or “below” one another. Eisler argues that these various societies were representative of a many-millennia-spanning global trend toward partnership culture."
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Giorgio Bertini

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By looking at collective intelligence (CI) through four distinct lenses, this paper draws on recent research in organizational design, evolutionary economics, cognitive sciences, knowledge ecology and political economy to built a twin path forward: collective intelligence and collective leadership. It lays out elements of a framework for building this twin path beyond chaos. It is our intent to invite conversations designed to engage questions surrounding this interdependent evolutionary path. How might we develop criteria for a design capable of supporting a large range of collective intelligence phenomena in an integrated way? Will the emergent socio-economic life forms be strong enough to balance the destructive power of our global crises if and when “the perfect storm” hits? When everything goes worse and worse, and better and better, at the same time, and they do it faster and faster, how do we deal with the ensuing chaos? In order to bring forth desirable futures, we must be ready to navigate through it, using a twin path of collective intelligence and collective leadership. This is our global challenge. This paper is the first in that will delve into the topic more deeply, expanding certain sections of this overall expose into separate albeit inter-related lines of inquiry.
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Robert Best
moderator

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I love Eugene Kim work. Thanks for this posting!
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Scott Nelson

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The widening range of possibilities for neurochemical enhancement demands accompanying caution in their deployment, commercialisation and regulation.
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Robert Best
moderator

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Building Better Organizations with Collective Intelligence
By +Thomas Malone 
Complimentary Live Webinar, July 22,1-2 PM EDT
Followed by a live, 1/2 hour Q&A on Facebook

Join MIT Sloan Professor Thomas Malone for Building Better Organizations with Collective Intelligence, a free, one-hour webinar on July 22, to learn how business leaders can create more intelligent organizations by looking at their entire organization as a collective intelligence organism. Drawing on numerous case studies, Professor Malone will illustrate how organizations can be more productive, innovative, and intelligent by harnessing organizational approaches made possible by the latest communications technologies.

Participants of this webinar will learn:
- How to look for design patterns (“genes”) that produce collective intelligence
- How using those genes in an organization can help create innovation
- Ways to measure and improve the collective intelligence of a group
- Why women can increase a group's collective intelligence
- How people and computers can be connected to make the best possible predictions

This webinar will be recorded for convenient viewing and sharing.

Note: All of the above information was taken from the link being shared here, that is also where to go to register.

#CICW #CollectiveIntelligence  

h/t  +noos quest on twitter
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Thanks +Robert Best
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Giorgio Bertini

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Leadership is heralded as being critical to addressing the ‘‘crisis of governance’’ facing the Earth’s natural systems. While political, economic, and corporate discourses of leadership have been widely and critically interrogated, narratives of environmental leadership remain relatively neglected in the academic literature. The aims of this paper are twofold. First, to highlight the centrality and importance of environmental science’s construction and mobilization of leadership discourse. Second, to offer a critical analysis of environmental sciences’ deployment of leadership theory and constructs. The authors build on a review of leadership research in environmental science that reveals how leadership is conceptualized and analyzed in this field of study. It is argued that environmental leadership research reflects rather narrow framings of leadership. An analytical typology proposed by Keith Grint is employed to demonstrate how any singular framing of environmental leadership as person, position, process, result, or purpose is problematic and needs to be supplanted by a pluralistic view. The paper concludes by highlighting key areas for improvement in environmental leadership research, with emphasis on how a political ecology of environmental crisis narratives contributes to a more critical body of research on leadership in environmental science.
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Giorgio Bertini

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Cognitive and psychological research provides useful theoretical perspectives for understanding what is happening inside the mind of an individual in tasks such as memory recall, judgment and decision making, and problem solving – including meta-cognitive tasks, when an individual is reflecting on their own or other people’s performance. Understanding these processes within individuals can help us understand under what conditions collective intelligence might form for a group and how we might optimize that group’s collective performance. Each of these components alone, or in concert, can be understood to form the basic building blocks of group collective intelligence.
In this chapter, we will review the cognitive and psychological research related to collective intelligence. We will begin by exploring how cognitive biases can affect collective behavior, both in individuals and in groups. Next, we will discuss the issue of expertise, and discuss how more knowledgeable individuals may behave differently, and how they can be identified. We will also review some recent research on consensus-based models and meta-cognitive models such as the Bayesian truth serum that identify knowledgeable individuals in the absence of any ground truth. We will then look at how information sharing between individuals affects the collective performance, and review a number of studies that manipulate how that information is shared. Finally, we will look at collective intelligence within a single mind.
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Giorgio Bertini

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Thrivability is a novel concept describing the intention to go beyond sustainability, allowing a system to flourish. For a society or organization to be , educated, responsible acting agents are needed. Traditional education focuses on (efficient) reproduction of existing organised bodies of information. We argue that complex adaptive systems theory and chaos theory provide concepts well suited to inform the design of learning environments, in order to facilitate a organization. This learning is not linear and externally controlled, but happens in a chaotic, yet guided manner. After discussing the suitability of the theoretical body of these general approaches, we show how a concrete progressive education approach, called the Dalton-Plan pedagogy, implements and supports these elements. By doing so, we show that the Dalton-Plan pedagogy is well suited for education of agents working in and for organizations. Support for teachers as part of this evolving learning system is provided by an e-learning environment.
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Giorgio Bertini

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Many people see peer-to-peer platforms as game-changers in the world of work with the potential of reinventing the economy and giving individuals the power of the corporation. Others are sceptical and warn that the new architectures of participation and choice are in reality architectures of exploitation, giving rise to a new class of workers, “the precariat”, people who endure insecure conditions, very short-term work and low wages with no collective bargaining power, abandoned by the employee unions, rendering them atomized and powerless. In creative, knowledge-based work it is increasingly difficult to know the best mix of capabilities and tasks in advance. What if the organization really should be a process of emergent self-organizing in the way the platforms make possible? Instead of thinking about the organization let’s think about organizing as an ongoing thing. Then the managerial task is to make possible very easy and very fast emergent responsive interaction and group formation. The principles behind these trends are crucially important for the future of firms and society. A platform (company) should therefore be as open, as accessible and as supportive as possible to as many users as possible.
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Giorgio Bertini

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The philosophical implications of the sciences of complexity suggest that complex systems (such as society) function according to a dialectic of chance and necessity, multi-dimensionality, non-linearity and circular causality. It is argued that one could employ aspects of Pierre Bourdieu’s theory in order to establish a consistent theory of social self-organization.  Bourdieu describes society in epistemological terms as consisting of mutual relationships of subjectivity/objectivity,  individual/society, homogeneity/diversity, freedom/necessity, externalization of internality/internalization of externality, embodiment/objectification,  modus operandi/opus . The concept of the habitus is a means of explaining the re-creation/self-organization of social systems in terms of human beings as permanent creators and permanently created results of society.
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