Stream

Join this community to post or comment

Sean Champ

► CI Enhancement Lab  - 
 
A text by Robert David Steele Vivas, primarily in a context of #OSINT
1
Add a comment...

Robert Best
moderator

General Discussion  - 
 
Collective Intelligence: How does it emerge?
The cognitive, cultural, digital, and organizational preconditions
http://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/collective_intelligence.pdf
By Stefana Broadbent and +Mattia Gallotti 

"This paper discusses some of the prerequisites for collective intelligence: the cognitive predisposition that allows humans to elaborate shared intentions, the presence of cultural artefacts that allow co–ordination across time and space, the interaction with digital tools that embed social practices, the existence of systems of governance that encourage the free transformation of knowledge."

"As we have mentioned in the previous section, the challenge for collective intelligence to emerge in social groups is not only to create settings for sharing and communication, but also to provide the means for knowledge to be made public, to be assembled, sedimented and reflected upon."

Discovered via +Pierre Lévy 
http://bit.ly/1Kh3uEK
2
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
The term social memory refers to the dynamic interplay between history, culture and cognition. At the level of the individual, three sources of knowledge: history, collective memory and individual experience combine to create a subjective view of historical reality, a common sense narrative that is often expressed with identity objectives and within an autobiographical context. This model of social memory, which is informed by social representations theory, makes a distinction between (i) collective memory, which is resistant to change, and () representations of the past discussed and disseminated within a social milieu, which have the potential to evolve into new or altered perspectives, particularly when they are vulnerable to generational shift.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Fearing that our overreliance on an individual, heroic model of leadership will only continue to dampen the energy and creativity of people in our organizations and communities, this essay proposes a practice perspective of leadership based on a collaborative agency mobilized through engaged social interaction. After briefly reviewing the emerging practice tradition in leadership studies, the article turns to the inseparable connection between leadership and agency and discusses how structure may pacify but, under dialogic conditions, release agency. Acknowledging the cultural constraints against collaborative agency, the account affirms its potential realization through interpersonal interaction and sociality. Specific leadership activities associated with collaborative agency and their conditions are illustrated. The paper concludes by showing how the collaborative agentic model might produce a more sustainable future for our world while suggesting avenues for future research of a collective rather than a personal approach to leadership.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
This study explored innovative alternative processes of living, learning, and knowledge sharing of a loosely knit community of anarchist, anticapitalist “Do-It-Yourself” (DIY) activists. Generated through participant observation and interviews, findings reinforced adult education theories—that adults can diagnose their own learning needs and carry out appropriate learning activities. Participants also critiqued prevailing educational practices, suggesting alternatives such as autonomy, choice, critical thinking, cooperative learning, and deconstructing hierarchy. In particularly promising findings, the DIY activists described radical alternative channels for knowledge sharing: piracy, skill shares, Internet/open source media, the streets, and zines. Employing older and newer technologies, and legal and illegal methods, these modalities embodied in powerful ways the participants’ radical political commitments. The DIY activists also gave cause to reflect on the nature of cultural dialogism, community, and communities of practice as they struggled with the nature of their own identities, ideologies, and desires to broaden outreach beyond their immediate community.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
The sharing economy allows people to share property, resources, time and skills across online platforms. This can unlock previously unused, or under-used assets – helping people make money from their empty spare room and the tools in their sheds they use once a year. It allows people to go from owning expensive assets, such as cars, to paying for them only when they need them. Individuals can make more from their skills, and work more flexibly. There has been tremendous growth in the sharing economy in recent years, and this is set to continue. This is a huge opportunity and our ambition should be to be the world’s leading sharing economy. As with all disruption, we also need to be careful. Sharing economy businesses and traditional operators need to be treated fairly, particularly in terms of regulation. Consumers must be protected, and trust must be strengthened in online transactions. However, a degree of caution should not stop us from embracing the potential sharing offers for a new, more efficient and more flexible economy.
1
Add a comment...

Victor Lara

Collective Wisdom  - 
 
How can one give an absolute answers to a self understanding 
1
Eddie Lau's profile photoVictor Lara's profile photo
2 comments
 
Well put, 
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
The philosophical implications of the sciences of complexity suggest that complex systems (such as society) function according to a dialectic of chance and necessity, multi-dimensionality, non-linearity and circular causality. It is argued that one could employ aspects of Pierre Bourdieu’s theory in order to establish a consistent theory of social self-organization.  Bourdieu describes society in epistemological terms as consisting of mutual relationships of subjectivity/objectivity,  individual/society, homogeneity/diversity, freedom/necessity, externalization of internality/internalization of externality, embodiment/objectification,  modus operandi/opus . The concept of the habitus is a means of explaining the re-creation/self-organization of social systems in terms of human beings as permanent creators and permanently created results of society.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Is an individual agent constitutive of or constituted by its social interactions? This question is typically not asked in the cognitive sciences, so strong is the consensus that only individual agents have constitutive efficacy. In this article we challenge this methodological solipsism and argue that inter-individual relations and social context do not simply arise from the behavior of individual agents, but themselves enable and shape the individual agents on which they depend. For this, we define the notion of autonomy as both a characteristic of individual agents and of social interaction processes. We then propose a number of ways in which interactional autonomy can influence individuals. Then we discuss recent work in modeling on the one hand and psychological investigations on the other that support and illustrate this claim. Finally, we discuss some implications for research on social and individual agency.
2
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Knowledge-based communities are important but poorly understood systems for helping enterprises maintain their organizational integrity and address organizational imperatives. Based on an autopoietic theory of organization, we examine the emergence and development of knowledge-based communities at different scales up to large distributed enterprises and industry clusters. Knowledge-based communities are highly complex systems that evolve and mature through the phased emergence of new features and capabilities. Development and support of successfully sustainable communities needs to be based on a better understanding of how these features and capabilities emerge. To comprehend the impact of emergent behavior within and beyond organizational communities requires an understanding of the social or sociological aspects of a system in relation to the explicit formal/physical structures in the organization.
1
Add a comment...

Benjamin Brownell

► CI Enhancement Lab  - 
 
Recent paper out of the Catalyst project shows significant collective intelligence boost for crowd-based filtering / ranking of solution-oriented ideas based on elimination of poor ideas, versus electing the best ones. Interesting result, given that most crowdsourcing platforms rely on an up-voting system...I wonder if this effect would scale, and hold true in anonymized and non-incentivized cases.
High-Speed Idea Filtering With the Bag of Lemons by Mark Klein and Ana Cristina Bicharra Garcia - New CATALYST related Paper
1
Add a comment...

About this community

A space for learning about collective intelligence & wisdom, for experiencing our own, and for creating a quality online environment to support it. The broader intention of our work is to contribute to the collective intelligence and wisdom of the CI&CW field itself, and by extension, to the conscious evolution of humankind. Newcomers! Please introduce yourself! *Community Guidelines* 1. No link-litter (See No. 5 below) 2. No ads or self-promotion 3. No spam (irrelevant posts) 4. No personal attacks 5. Give posts a title/summary. Provide context! 6. Have fun and engage! #CICW
Our centre is everywhere

Robert Best
moderator

General Discussion  - 
 
Building Better Organizations with Collective Intelligence
By +Thomas Malone 
Complimentary Live Webinar, July 22,1-2 PM EDT
Followed by a live, 1/2 hour Q&A on Facebook

Join MIT Sloan Professor Thomas Malone for Building Better Organizations with Collective Intelligence, a free, one-hour webinar on July 22, to learn how business leaders can create more intelligent organizations by looking at their entire organization as a collective intelligence organism. Drawing on numerous case studies, Professor Malone will illustrate how organizations can be more productive, innovative, and intelligent by harnessing organizational approaches made possible by the latest communications technologies.

Participants of this webinar will learn:
- How to look for design patterns (“genes”) that produce collective intelligence
- How using those genes in an organization can help create innovation
- Ways to measure and improve the collective intelligence of a group
- Why women can increase a group's collective intelligence
- How people and computers can be connected to make the best possible predictions

This webinar will be recorded for convenient viewing and sharing.

Note: All of the above information was taken from the link being shared here, that is also where to go to register.

#CICW #CollectiveIntelligence  

h/t  +noos quest on twitter
2
Daniel Durrant's profile photo
 
Thanks +Robert Best
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Leadership is heralded as being critical to addressing the ‘‘crisis of governance’’ facing the Earth’s natural systems. While political, economic, and corporate discourses of leadership have been widely and critically interrogated, narratives of environmental leadership remain relatively neglected in the academic literature. The aims of this paper are twofold. First, to highlight the centrality and importance of environmental science’s construction and mobilization of leadership discourse. Second, to offer a critical analysis of environmental sciences’ deployment of leadership theory and constructs. The authors build on a review of leadership research in environmental science that reveals how leadership is conceptualized and analyzed in this field of study. It is argued that environmental leadership research reflects rather narrow framings of leadership. An analytical typology proposed by Keith Grint is employed to demonstrate how any singular framing of environmental leadership as person, position, process, result, or purpose is problematic and needs to be supplanted by a pluralistic view. The paper concludes by highlighting key areas for improvement in environmental leadership research, with emphasis on how a political ecology of environmental crisis narratives contributes to a more critical body of research on leadership in environmental science.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Cognitive and psychological research provides useful theoretical perspectives for understanding what is happening inside the mind of an individual in tasks such as memory recall, judgment and decision making, and problem solving – including meta-cognitive tasks, when an individual is reflecting on their own or other people’s performance. Understanding these processes within individuals can help us understand under what conditions collective intelligence might form for a group and how we might optimize that group’s collective performance. Each of these components alone, or in concert, can be understood to form the basic building blocks of group collective intelligence.
In this chapter, we will review the cognitive and psychological research related to collective intelligence. We will begin by exploring how cognitive biases can affect collective behavior, both in individuals and in groups. Next, we will discuss the issue of expertise, and discuss how more knowledgeable individuals may behave differently, and how they can be identified. We will also review some recent research on consensus-based models and meta-cognitive models such as the Bayesian truth serum that identify knowledgeable individuals in the absence of any ground truth. We will then look at how information sharing between individuals affects the collective performance, and review a number of studies that manipulate how that information is shared. Finally, we will look at collective intelligence within a single mind.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Thrivability is a novel concept describing the intention to go beyond sustainability, allowing a system to flourish. For a society or organization to be , educated, responsible acting agents are needed. Traditional education focuses on (efficient) reproduction of existing organised bodies of information. We argue that complex adaptive systems theory and chaos theory provide concepts well suited to inform the design of learning environments, in order to facilitate a organization. This learning is not linear and externally controlled, but happens in a chaotic, yet guided manner. After discussing the suitability of the theoretical body of these general approaches, we show how a concrete progressive education approach, called the Dalton-Plan pedagogy, implements and supports these elements. By doing so, we show that the Dalton-Plan pedagogy is well suited for education of agents working in and for organizations. Support for teachers as part of this evolving learning system is provided by an e-learning environment.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Many people see peer-to-peer platforms as game-changers in the world of work with the potential of reinventing the economy and giving individuals the power of the corporation. Others are sceptical and warn that the new architectures of participation and choice are in reality architectures of exploitation, giving rise to a new class of workers, “the precariat”, people who endure insecure conditions, very short-term work and low wages with no collective bargaining power, abandoned by the employee unions, rendering them atomized and powerless. In creative, knowledge-based work it is increasingly difficult to know the best mix of capabilities and tasks in advance. What if the organization really should be a process of emergent self-organizing in the way the platforms make possible? Instead of thinking about the organization let’s think about organizing as an ongoing thing. Then the managerial task is to make possible very easy and very fast emergent responsive interaction and group formation. The principles behind these trends are crucially important for the future of firms and society. A platform (company) should therefore be as open, as accessible and as supportive as possible to as many users as possible.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
The Social Innovation Lab emphasizes not only imagining interventions but also gaining system sight, redefining problems, and identifying opportunities in the broader context with the potential to tip systems in positive directions. It is a three-step process of developing, testing and instigating innovation strategies. It requires the right starting conditions, an investment in research and skilled facilitators. It also makes use of computer modeling to proto-typing interventions in complex systems. Like other processes for convening multi-stakeholder groups working on complex challenges, it is best suited to the early stages of making change. This guide is offered as a resource to peers, colleagues, practitioners, leaders from all sectors, and concerned citizens – all who have and/or will participate in change-making processes. One hope for this work is that these ideas on Social Innovation and these recommendations for new practice will result in greater sense of agency for those who work on what often seems like impossible aspirations for a different, better world. Probably our greatest hope is that these ideas help to transform the impossible into the possible.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
Emergence has a long and controversial history. In this paper we briefly review the primary strands of the debate, paying attention to its use in the fields of philosophy of science and mind, social science and systems theory including the theory of complex systems. We argue that it is important to recognize why emergence in social systems is fundamentally different from other natural systems. The key characteristics of reflexivity are discussed and a distinction between two classes of emergence proposed. Non-reflexive emergence: where the agents in the system under study are not self-aware, and Reflexive emergence: where the agents in the system under study are self-aware and linguistically capable. We specify the generative processes we believe are associated with each of these categories and argue for the adoption of this distinction in both theoretical and practical modeling of human social systems.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
We begin by describing the importance of emergence and the need, in certain situations, to move away from a reduction mind-set to a more holist approach. We define the term emergence in context of self-organizing systems, autopoiesis and chaotic systems. We then examine a field that is commonly used to explore emergence and selforganization, namely agent and multi-agent systems. After an overview of this field, we highlight the most appropriate aspects of agent research used in aiding the understanding of emergence. We conclude with an example of our recent research where we measure agent emergent performance and flexibility and relate it to the make-up of the agent organization.
1
Add a comment...

Giorgio Bertini

General Discussion  - 
 
 
The primary hypothesis that I will endeavor to support is that leveraging the benefits of network organization constitutes a new source of power and a new way of accomplishing global governance. As individuals and groups engage each other globally, the locus of global governance shifts from state-centered activities to distributed networks. The cumulative effect of the shift from hierarchies to networks is a system of overlapping spheres of authority and regimes of collective action called “panarchy.”
Complexity + Networks + Connectivity => Panarchy
In this paper, I have shown that the convergence of processes crosses a critical threshold to create new possibilities for governance. The result is a new system. The key distinction between the old system and the new lies in the fact that governance in the old system was achieved through states, whereas in the new system it is not only achieved outside of hierarchies through horizontal networks, but is in fact often achieved in spite of hierarchies.
2
Add a comment...