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Ciro Villa

Community Policy (Read this)  - 
Please read the community policy and guidelines before posting.  

First read this few, important words by our fellow moderator +Jason Major :

"Just a quick note (PLEASE READ) – if you post an article here that has already been shared recently, especially multiple times, OR if you post an image or video (even space-related) with no content, description, or attribution, it will be removed.

Thank You - Management"

Please refer to the Community Policy at left for more information. Thank you.
It's About Respect 
One of the things we do a lot as moderators of the Space community is remind posters to give proper attribution and link-backs to the authors and artists whose work they're sharing with everybody. Though the rules are pretty simple - put the name of the content creator in your post, if the work is copyrighted put the name of the organization that owns the copyright (if different from the author) in your post, and include a link back to the original source - they're often not heeded. The moderating team understands that even these simple rules are significantly stricter  than what people find in most of social media, and so we try to give people ample warning and reminders of the expectations here. 
If we know the rules surrounding sharing are stricter than in other communities, why do we have them?  If the copyright boogymen aren't coming for you on Facebook, Pinterest, Tumblr, or even elsewhere on Google+, isn't it safe to just share freely with the Space community? 
Well, simply put, yes. Unless you're posting something that's explicitly and blatantly illegal, the legal ramifications of your sharing a quote, or an image, or what have you are nil. Nobody's coming to get you. 
But that's not the point. It's not about the law. We're not trying to cover our behinds, and we're not reminding you to cover yours. In fact, many of the images we're all sharing are in the public domain, and are not protected by copyright laws. 
It's about respect. 
By naming the scientist, author, artist, photographer, videographer, director, producer, or whoever it is that has created this work that you feel is worth sharing in your post and including a link back to the original source, you are showing your respect. You are showing your respect to the creator of that work, and, perhaps more importantly, you are showing your respect to the other members of this community. 
As moderators, we want to build a community that is built on respect, and one of the most significant ways we can show respect is to give credit where credit is due. We want to foster an attitude around content sharing that is respectful, that is not exploitative of artists and authors, and that does not take the members of this community for granted. 
As a denizen and frequent user of social media, you may not care about giving credit, and as a content creator yourself, you may not care if you get credit. In the end, however, it isn't about you, nor is it about what you care about. It's about this community as a whole, and what kind of community we all want it to be. What we want is a community that does care. 
We want a community that cares about attribution because it's curious about where things come from, and because it's respectful toward others.
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Adam Synergy

Space Exploration  - 
67P Churymov-Gerasimenko
This computer-generated collision scenario shows how two icy spheres, each with a diameter of about one kilometer, probably collided to form a bi-lobed comet nucleus. 
After an initial impact the bodies separate and re-impact around a day later in a gentle merger. 
The comet Churymov-Gerasimenko is currently being studied by scientists using the European Space Agency's Rosetta spacecraft.
Credit : Jutzi/Asphaug.
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Ryan Burley's profile photoKevin Reynolds's profile photolego d's profile photoUniverseSpace BioC's profile photo
Mmmmmmmm glow in the dark ice cream. 🍦😱
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John Chumack

Space Photos - Only post 1 per day  - 
The Planet Saturn reached opposition last week, weather kept me from imaging it then.  I managed to grab a shot between T-Storms last night...the Atmosphere was boiling....considering the Poor seeing Conditions, It turned out okay! Look for Saturn in the Constellation of Scorpius, near Delta Scorpii, High in the South East by Midnight. Any small telescope with at least 30x power will show you Saturn's Rings.  Now is a great time to Observe Saturn!!!
20cm SCT Scope & Qhy5IIL CCD, 3600 frames Stacked in Registax6. Captured from my backyard Observatory in Dayton, Ohio on 05-28-2015.
Best Regards,
John Chumack
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General  - 
Darn, I only got half of them right :(

How'd  you guys do?
Take this quiz and hundreds of others on Make your own and share it with your friends. Block on!
Paul McIntyre's profile photoMark Ruhland's profile photo
All I know is: "Somewhere, out there, beneath the pale moonlight, no one's thinking of me, or loving me tonite". #myrenditionrocks. 
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Hamamatsu Corporation

Space Videos - Only post 1 a day  - 
Every night, our sky beats with the pulses of radio light waves, most of which go unseen. A new array of radio antennas in California, called the Owens Valley Long Wavelength Array, is gearing up to catch some of this action, aiming to pick up signals from flaring stars, flashing planets and potentially even more exotic objects. Catch the new video of the radio sky, and how it morphs over 24 hours. 
New video shows early results from a new array of radio antennas. The project is designed to catch things that flash, flare and explode.
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Can the frequency connection between the sun and the human be measured based on direct contact with ultra violent radiation? If we know that the earth on an average day is hit with 27 years worth of solar energy a day then we should know that effect on the human body. 
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Exactly what I've been waiting for.
#SpaceVR is going to take all of us civilians to space, without exponential costs or tough training. Space is now down here.
Elon Musk plans to land the first men on Mars around 2026. A billion people on Earth can arrive on the red planet at the same time, thanks to SpaceVR.
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duane anderson's profile photoShashank Bhardwaj's profile photo
+duane anderson Uninhabitable? You're making no sense. 
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What is the relationship between the warp drive and dark energy? 
James G's profile photoMark Ruhland's profile photo
+James G Well, that explains the bite marks on my neck and arms. Thanx.
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What if universe is made up of Mobius Strip, that is, twisted into 3 dimensions, giving access to a parallel universe? ‪#‎thoughtexperiment‬ ‪#‎science‬ ‪#‎physics‬ ‪#‎psychology‬
Banter Maestro's profile photoPaul McIntyre's profile photoSubasree Gopal's profile photo
I guess it would be just another "what if" scenario that continue to stimulate people's minds. Like different bees all from the same hive, and more are born all the time.
Still, they are interesting and thought provoking.
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The space exploration program should be privatized. It would give much more for funding and competition for the industry, but I am sure there would be drawbacks. What is your opinion?
91 votes  -  votes visible to Public
Privitization is good.
Privitation costs over benefits.
Frank Dunn's profile photoChris Van Waus's profile photo
+Frank Dunn I would be very curious to know what a "pro life satellite" is... Lol.

As for problems with corruption in government: at least there are many methods of control unlike private business. After all, when was the last time you got a CEO fired?
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Goran Puača

Amateur Astrophotography  - 
Moon over Belgrade,Serbia (28.5.2015)
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About this community

Welcome to the Google+ Space community, your place to talk about all things space and astronomy. Whether it's a discussion of rovers on Mars, the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, or amazing photos from the Hubble Space Telescope, this is the place to talk about it. Administrator: Fraser Cain
The Universe
Knowledge of day n/2/what-is-dark-matter-and-dark-energy 
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Rosetta’s target «Chury» and other comets observed by space missions show common evidence of layered structures and bi-lobed shapes. With 3D computer simulations Martin Jutzi, astrophysicist at the University of Bern, was able to reconstruct the formation of these features as a result of gentle collisions and mergers. The study has now been published on-line in the journal «Science Express».

In a video sequence based on a computer simulation two icy spheres with a diameter of about one kilometre are moving towards each other. They collide at bicycle speed, start to mutually rotate and separate again after the smaller body has left traces of material on the larger one. The time sequence shows that the smaller object is slowed down by mutual gravity. After about 14 hours it turns back and impacts again a day after the first collision. The two bodies finally merge to form one body that somehow looks familiar: The bi-lobed frame resembles the shape of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko imaged by ESA’s Rosetta mission.
How comets were assembled. 28 May 2015 Bern, University of. Under embargo until 28 May 2015 19:00 GMT. Rosetta's target «Chury» and other comets observed by space missions show common evidence of layered structures and bi-lobed shapes. With 3D computer simulations Martin Jutzi, astrophysicist at ...
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Will Vrbasso

Amateur Astrophotography  - 
Original Work "Orion Sets"

A shot of the Orion constellation setting - I liked the JPEG processed image straight from the camera that I haven't otherwise done any post-processing.  The moon was still about 20 degrees above the horizon, providing some sky glow but also illuminating the foreground.  The foreground is slightly blurred as the shot was on a tracking mount to ensure the stars were sharp.  Draws more attention to the constellation and nebula...

Enjoy, Will.

For those interested in the image detail, read as follows:

DATE / TIME: 2015-05-22
LOCATION: Nambung National Park, Western Australia
SCOPE: Canon 85mm F1.2 prime lens (@f3.5)
MOUNT: tracking mount head on standard tripod
CAMERA: EOS6D unmodded
EXPOSURE: ISO3200 @ 30sec
PROCESSING: None, JPEG from camera

#orion   #nebula   #constellation   #pinnacles   #stars   #night   #nightphotography   #astrophotography   #canon   #australia   #landscapephotography   #space  
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Lillian Black's profile photoMonique Reese's profile photolego d's profile photoUniverseSpace BioC's profile photo
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if you are up for a challenge, here are two engineering competitions:
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build a pelter panel where the heating and cools surfaces are warped to the point that they are on perpendicular surfaces.

by building a uniform formation of depressions across the surface area, all sides cooling all surfaces parallel with the fuselage heating.... perhaps the heat generated by friction would induce the revers effect of causing cooling in the groves that then will for turbulence that causes the hot surfaces to cool and keeps a small buffer zone of cool air between the vessel and the outside world.
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"Journey to Space" - a #3D movie experience at +The Museum of Flight in #Seattle !

The film recalls the glorious days of the space shuttle, reminds us that the space program did not end with the end of the shuttle flights in 2011, and vividly tells the exciting story of the next chapter of space exploration.

Learn more about the film and the Museum:   #avgeek   #aviation   #space   #spaceshuttle   #DoSeattle  
duane anderson's profile photoUniverseSpace BioC's profile photo
great photo, how much did it cost?
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Kevin Gill

Space Photos - Only post 1 per day  - 
Kevin Gill originally shared to Space Imagery:
Another set of images of Jupiter's Great Red Spot using Voyager 2 data. Both are high contrast vs. what you'd actually see. The second is monochromatic in the violet portion of the spectrum and is the best I've seen for visualizing the true depth of the storm.

Also on Flickr:
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David Bollenberg's profile photoDanilo Guimarães Lima's profile photoByron Bradford's profile photoUniverseSpace BioC's profile photo
cool.  the storms from earth storms because ah...
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Morgan Rehnberg

General  - 
Have a space or astronomy question? Ask it here!

Well, I got the virtual evil eye from +Fraser Cain for talking too much this week, so I'm sure there are plenty of questions we didn't get a chance to answer :) Ask away!
Mark Ruhland's profile photoNerf Herder's profile photo
+Morgan Rehnberg​ well I'm always getting stumped not being able to prove a negative ("prove it doesn't exist"), which is how to cookie crumbles.

Ugh.... Moving in, could you maybe talk about how scientific discoveries are made and shared, specifically how hard it would be to keep quiet an inhabited planet that can sometimes be viewed by the naked eye and is constantly getting closer to the earth.

If this isn't your wheelhouse, no worries 
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Kevin C

Astronomy  - 
Glowing aurorae can be seen by the naked eye on a terrestrial planet other than Earth - Mars!
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It's Crater-palooza on Dwarf Planet Ceres (New Photo) ... "A new photo from NASA's Dawn spacecraft shows the battered surface of the dwarf planet Ceres in unprecedented detail.

Dawn captured the image on May 23, when the probe was just 3,200 miles (5,100 kilometers) from Ceres. The photo's resolution is about 1,600 feet (480 meters) per pixel, scientists said.

"The view shows numerous secondary craters, formed by the re-impact of debris strewn from larger impact sites. Smaller surface details like this are becoming visible with increasing clarity as Dawn spirals lower in its campaign to map Ceres," NASA officials wrote in an image description today (May 28). ..."
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hervé-paul Bouix's profile photoLillian Black's profile photo
Love these shots!
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