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Data and Distribution

Our friends crowdfunder to Take Back The Internet - is already successful - but still worth taking a look at and supporting.

"Holo is helping to grow a more human Internet — where you control your personal data and choose how your applications work."

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In our networked age, computers extend our consciousness into the environment, where our minds are programmed on platforms we use using the data we produce there - often which we have no control over.

By creating the internet with peer-to-peer web on mini-servers, Holo will redirect ownership of personal data, and the wealth it creates, from information monopolies back to the individual where it belongs.

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Expanding Data-Visualization into Augmented Reality.

"The data-output of our daily routines can be seen as the new inputs of holographic data generators."

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To understand the world we translate 3D materiality into 2D information, and vice versa. This could be nature's way.

"The world doesn’t appear to us like a hologram, but in terms of the information needed to describe it, it is one.”

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How George Lucas restored order to his expanding universe with his Holocron - providing continuity via canonical control.

"Before the universe became codified; you could play with Star Wars and have fun with it. It wasn't so culturally important that not to adhere to every rule makes you a heretic."

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Google's Seurat technology brings film-quality VR to mobile.

"Our goal is for people to step inside the worlds of our stories."

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Spirituality and Literature

The artists from Marvel and DC comics have recreated the Bible for the post-literate generation of our image-based society.

"We have to realize that when we sit in our towers away from humanity, we’re disconnected from how people are really living."

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In Barnes & Noble, I'd see all these kids spread out all over the floor reading graphic novels. So we really felt, with this big problem of biblical literacy, that this would be an effective way to communicate the whole biblical narrative.

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When it comes to the brain, text normally gets stored in short-term memory, but images tend to be stored in long-term memory. There’s a lot of research showing that people can recall much more information and gain a better overall understanding of content if you give them both images and text together, as opposed to either text or images separately.

There’s a real efficiency in the graphic novel format; you can convey large amounts of information in a very short period of time. So when you read a novel, you can do pages and pages that are just description of a specific place or situation. But in a graphic novel, one panel can cover what might’ve taken several pages to describe.

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But of course, another thing we decided to do was to put the Scripture reference right there on the bottom of the page, so that anyone can look up the same Scripture in their own version. We’ve designed it not to replace a normal written Bible, but to be a supplement to it.

Somebody who’s never read the Bible before can take the Kingstone Bible, and they can take away a good understanding of the Bible’s major stories, narratives, and doctrines: the character of God, the history of Israel, how it points to Christ in the future, how God feels about sin, and how he responds to disobedience. It can be that gateway to biblical literacy.

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For a lot of people, the Bible is a big, daunting book that’s hard to understand, with all of these hard-to-pronounce names. They don’t get the cultural context, don’t understand the background. So this is a way to help link them into it.

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Morality and Rationality

Thinking in a second language can provide emotional detachment, transcending our instinctual moral framework.

“If you talk to a person in a language they understand, that goes to their head. If you talk to them in their own language, that goes to their heart.”

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What Geipel found in her 2015 study is that the use of a foreign language, as opposed to a native language, elicited less harsh moral judgments. She concluded that a distance is created between emotional and moral topics when speaking in a second language. People are more likely to act less emotionally and more rationally when speaking their second language.

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[ Emotional Distancing ]

The distinction is an important one: If moral decisions are contingent on the language in which they are posed then the decisions of people who must work in a foreign language on a daily basis—immigrants, international corporations, international institutions—would need to be reevaluated.

Whether it’s Goldman Sachs in Paris or the United Nations in Burma, decisions made by people speaking their non-native languages appear to be less concerned with morality and more concerned with rationality and utilitarianism.

[ Conscious Examination ]

Moral decisions tend to be made using two thought processes—one subconscious, one conscious.

The emotional content of a dilemma is first understood subconsciously. One reacts to a situation’s emotional content without realizing it. You hear about sibling incest and you get emotionally disgusted. You don’t reason through it; you just react. Then there is the conscious evaluation that takes rationality, effort, and cognitive control. You think about incest or eating dead dogs further and realize that no one is being hurt and that just because something is peculiar, doesn’t necessarily mean it is immoral.

Psychologist Daniel Kahneman popularized this view of human psychology, referring to the two different modes of thought as “system 1” and “system 2,” respectively.

[ Rational Calcualtion ]

There are many situations where the two systems seem to affect how we think about morality. In 2014, Boaz Keysar and Albert Costa posed the “trolley dilemma”—where pushing one man onto train tracks can save five people from being killed, sacrificing one life to save five—to more than a thousand people in five different languages.

They found that people reading the scenario in non-native languages were significantly more likely to push than man than those reading in their native languages: 33 percent versus 20 percent. The conclusion, Keysar and Costa reasoned, is that the cognitive load required to understand a scenario in a second language creates an emotional distance, and we process the dilemma consciously rather than subconsciously.

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[ Cultural Deconditioning ]

Speaking in non-native languages can also free people from self-imposed moral limits. In 1986, Michael Bond and Tat-ming Lai found that Chinese-English bilinguals were more open to discussing embarrassing topics, such as intimate sexual information, when chatting in their non-native language. And in 2010, Jean-Marc Dewaele found that multilinguals from the United Kingdom preferred swearing in their second language, claiming that it allowed them to escape from cultural and social restrictions.

[ Perceptual Clarity ]

In many ways, switching to a second language can be a very positive change. When judgments of immorality are based on some people subconsciously feeling weird or unsettled, then skewed policy tends to follow. And yet, as the psychologist Nalini Ambady showed in her research, humans make quick judgments on the first available information, and it’s extremely difficult to get past those initial reactions. Our first perception tends to color all future perceptions. (This work formed some of Malcolm Gladwell’s book Blink.)

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Still, if morally ambiguous scenarios are approached in a second language, that can nudge us toward making decisions consciously and rationally. Speaking in a second language, therefore, may be one of the most moral things you can do.

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Comix Design by The Nerdwriter – by presenting simultaneous moments of time visually, comics provide a spatio-temporal language.

"In a way that is unique to comics, time is made spacial, spread out across a surface, so that you can see not only how the past affects the future, but vice versa."

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The 'words & pictures' that make up the comics language are often described as prose and illustration combined. A bad metaphor.

Poetry and graphic design seem more apt. Poetry for the rhythm and condensing; graphic design because cartooning is more about moving shapes around - designing - rather then it is about drawing.

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Collective Intelligence could emerge god-like capabilities.

"An AI god would be cold and impersonal, an intellectual “being” that’s not capable of love or emotion. Although, we tend to trust and obey things that seem more powerful and worthy than ourselves."

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Teaching humans about religious education is similar to the way we teach knowledge to machines: repetition of many examples that are versions of a concept you want the machine to learn.

There is also commonality between AI and religion in the hierarchical structure of knowledge understanding found in neural networks. The concept of teaching a machine to learn … and then teaching it to teach … (or write AI) isn’t so different from the concept of a holy trinity or a being achieving enlightenment after many lessons learned with varying levels of success and failure. A simple AI model proved this point; if you type in multiple verses from the Christian Bible, you can have the AI write a new verse that seems eerily similar. Here’s one an AI wrote:

“And let thy companies deliver thee; but will with mine own arm save them: even unto this land, from the kingdom of heaven.”

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An AI that is all-powerful in the next 25-50 years could decide to write a similar AI bible for humans to follow, one that matches its own collective intelligence. It might tell you what to do each day, or where to travel, or how to live your life. The AI would understand how the world works at a higher level than humans, and humans would trust that this AI would provide the information we need for our daily lives.

It would parse information for us and enlighten us in ways that might seem familiar to anyone who practices religion, such as Christianity.

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When the 'Press' was invented, world population was just 0.4 billion. What followed was mass communication / production / society.

"Today, however, the pop culture that print spawned views print as a relic, an outmoded technology that shaped an outdated world."

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The Gutenberg Bible wasn't the first printed book (though it is often mistaken as such). Nor was Gutenberg the inventor of the printed page. By the 1400s, print had been around for hundreds of years in China, Korea, and Japan. And moveable type had been experimented with by others, but Gutenberg perfected it, making the mass reproduction of books possible.

It's generally accepted that this launched a revolution. Priests were no longer the keepers of the Word. Monarchs could be held accountable when laws could be cheaply reproduced. Governments were more easily changed in a world where news disseminated quickly.

Scholars and scientists could build on previous knowledge, giving rise to modern history, mathematics, philosophy, and the physical sciences. Print not only helped knowledge grow, but made it more democratic. Literacy became more widespread and learning more accessible.

Cases have been made for crediting print, at least in part, with the Protestant Reformation, the emergence of capitalism, the rise of universal suffrage, and the scientific revolution.

Once print culture took hold, knowledge spread more easily through a process of dissemination, incorporation, iteration. Charles Darwin very logically proposed that life forms evolve in the same way.
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