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Green Vine Snake ((Ahaetulla nasuta)

It is a long bodied slender green tree snake,. It is most widely distributed species in India. It is very shy and non-offensive snake. It is one of the most common and ecologically significant species of Western Ghats. This snake is bright green on the upper part of the body and yellowish green on the bottom part. It has extremely pointed snout clearly broader than neck with large mouth, golden eyes and round pupils.

Green Vine Snake is a diurnal and arboreal species, which shows activity throughout the day at low to moderate heights of tee branches.. This snake moves very fast in arboreal environment while it is quite slow on land so rarely seen on ground. Due to its thin body and green color it can easily vanish in green bushes

On threatening it throws half of fore body into loops or curves, laterally inflates it and open its mouth as wide as possible to look fascinating and bigger. Can bite in chew manner. Also it has been observed that it sometimes try to target eyes or face of the person causing provocation. The name Ahaetulla in Sinhala means 'eye plucker'. It earned this name, and similar ones in Indian vernaculars, due to its habit of staring and striking at the eyes when picked up. It is believed that can blind its human victims.

The venom is moderately potent and can cause swelling, pain, bruising, numbness and other local symptoms, which will subside within three days. Bites close to the head, eyes and other vital areas could be severe.

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" When the moon dawning in the dark"

It’s extremely rare to get a chance to observe such a wonderful phenomena in the snakes. This is one of the rare opportunities to capture partial albino rat snake in the wild. Due to it’s brightening white, the animal have quickly capture our attention. He is a real ghostly beauty.

Some snakes are born with a genetic abnormality called albinism, which is a lack of pigmentation in the body and eye. Albinism also occurs in other species including humans. Albinism is a genetic abnormality, which causes animals to be unable to produce normal amounts of melanin. A lack of melanin usually causes an animal to appear white or pink as without melanin, it’s not possible to have normal skin pigmentation,

There is three type of albinism. Pure , partial and Leucistic. The test for pure albino is it’s eye, skin and scale colour. Pure albino have pink eyes and skin colour as without coloration, the blood vessels show through the skin. However the eyes of an albino sometime look light blue because of the way light passes through the iris.

Partial albinos have some of the coloration typical of their species, but parts of their body appear white. Their eyes are of normal colour. Leucistic animals have mostly white skin, but have some dark pigmentation in their eyes.

Definitions of albinism vary and are inconsistent. Whilst they are clear and precise for humans and other mammals, this is because the majority of mammals have only one pigment, melanin.

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“Survival Instinct "

I heard about the snake can survive months without food, was curious about this phenomena. Luckily I came across on new articles published by University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. Marshall McCue, a graduate student in biological sciences. I am sure you will find it interesting too.
Starving snakes employ novel survival strategies not seen before in vertebrates. The results showed that the snakes could lower their standard metabolic rates up to 72 percent. Surprisingly snakes continued to grow despite the lack of food. It suggests that there must be a strong selective advantage to growing longer. It also means the snakes have become extremely efficient in their ability to use available resources.
Snakes already had low energy demands and they could go lower. They take energy reduction to a whole new level. The 62 snakes studied went about six months without eating – a time period that could well be duplicated in the wild, where food supplies can be scarce. To illustrate the strategies employed by snakes to combat starvation, McCue uses an economic analogy of supply and demand.
When you’re cut off from resources, you are an organism that still needs to expend energy. The “demand” end is met by decreasing their metabolic rate. The “supply” end must be met by frugal use of resources they have at hand for energy, which comes from within.
Snakes are relatively new on the world scene, having been around for about 100 million years. Yet they currently comprise about half of all reptile species.

Note :- Below picture is of Common Trinket ( Coelognathus Helena). pl see my earlier post for the information about snake in picture.

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Common Evening Brown (Melanitis leda)

They are known as Evening Browns due to their preference for flying at dusk. The flight of this species is erratic. It is a very common and extremely widespread species found across almost the entire Oriental region. This butterflies are normally found in small colonies in forests and plantations. They fly mainly in the early part of the evening and often enter houses, attracted by artificial lighting. During the daytime they rest in the undergrowth.
After sunset males set up territories along the creek edges. They perch with their wings closed on branches, long grasses, tree stumps, or leaves.. Female stop breeding through winter and take refuge in moist areas.
The Melanitis was there among dead leaves, its wings folded and looking for all the world a dead, dry leaf itself. With regard to Melanitis, I have not seen it recorded anywhere that the species of this genus when disturbed fly a little way, drop suddenly into the undergrowth with closed wings, and invariably lie a little askew and slanting, which still more increases their likeness to a dead leaf casually fallen to the ground


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The the struggle of light with darkness.

The worship of snakes is not only limited to estern countries like India but even ancient Greek, Romans are the strongholds of snake worship.

Snakes are regarded as "Life creating themselves. The miraculous phenomena of skin shading associated with serpent given rise to the myth of rebirth. They were commonly thought to have chthonic powers ..emerging from earth ..or may be because from nowhere they suddenly emerge on earth.

It's difficult to trace the origin of snake worship but it is presumed that it must have started before even Stone Age. It's probably hidden in human psychology to worship of unknown. Snakes are always treated as danger to life, thus creating fear in human mind, specially its ability to kill even before the person notices the killer snake. However , may be because of that snakes are admired everywhere in the world.

However , snakes always fascinate me and I truly regard them as guardian of forest. This fear of unknown mostly prohibited humans to enter in the unknown world of forest, where snakes can strikes from anywhere. The fear of snakes helped to conserve millions year of treasure in the form forest.
Snakes can move along with the earth, can live anywhere from water to land , hide on trees and below earth, it can be invisible and can disappear before one close and open the eyelid. They are divine , lord of myth, deity of water and land , closely connected with the extensive myths of the storm and the struggle of light with darkness.

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Green Keelback (Macropisthodon plumbicolor)

It is also called the lead keelback. It is a non-venomous species of snake, of the Colubridae family, found in parts of Asia.

Green keelback is certainly a rare snake, it isn’t an impossible snake to find. It is possible that the snake restricts itself to certain kinds of habitats or rarely enters human habitations. Either of these possibilities might make it seem much rarer than it actually is.
It’s habitat includes mixed and dry deciduous forest, wetlands having low vegetation, open forest. Lives in moist vegetation around agricultural lands, gardens, open forests, grassy plains etc. This snake is hides in dense bushes, under leaf litters, grass, stones etc.

Green keelback is non-offensive and shy snake , always try to escape. On provocation inflates much of fore body especially neck and gives false hook like appearance as nervous or alert response. Usually very calm but can give bite in chew manner if taken lightly.Feeds mainly on toads and frogs. Hardly accepts other prey but few times seen with feeding on other snakes too.

As a direct threat people kill this species due to its Green color which gives appearance of some venomous snake like Green Pit Vipe

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Tawny coster - Acraea terpsicore - 017

Acraea terpsicore, the tawny coster, is a small, 53–64 millimetres leathery, winged butterfly which is common in grassland and scrub habitats. It belongs to the Nymphalidae or brush-footed butterfly family. It has a weak fluttery flight. It is avoided by most insect predators. This species and the yellow coster (Acraea issoria) are the only two Indian representatives of the predominantly African tribe Acraeini.
The adult flies slowly with weak seemingly unsteady wing beats. It is one of the boldest butterflies, protected as it is from predators by a nauseous chemical. When attacked it plays dead and exudes an obnoxious yellowish fluid from glands in the joints of the legs. Like all butterflies protected in this manner, Acraea terpsicore has a tough exoskeleton which enables the adult to survive a few pecks of a bird or even the bites of a lizard. Once left alone the adult immediately takes off and resumes its uncaring flight.


Information Source – WIKIPEDIA
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Common Grass Yellow butterfly – Eurema hecabe - 016

Common Grass Yellow butterflies are small in size, having a wingspan of 35 to 45 mm. They have bright yellow wings, with blackish brown bordering on the upper side and the underside of the wings are paler yellow with brown speckles.

They prefer open forest areas, wastelands and grasslands, also found along roadsides, riverbanks, parks and gardens at elevations between sea level and about 1000 metres. They fly close to the ground in open grass and scrub, gathering in small groups on patches of damp sand or soil. They like to fly quickly, close to the ground, are found in open grassy or bushy terrain, hence their name. They regularly visit flowers for nectar and puddle on wet grounds for minerals.


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Common Mormon (Papilio polytes) - 014

Common Mormon, is a common species of swallowtail butterfly

In the early morning the butterflies fly low over the ground, and settle to bask for long periods on low vegetation, with their wings outspread. Later in the day as temperatures rise they become very active. Both sexes will nectar at Lantana and a wide variety of other wild and cultivated flowers

This species is found in rain forest, semi-deciduous woodland, thorn scrub, beach hinterlands, parks and gardens.

This butterfly is known for the mimicry displayed by the numerous forms of its females which mimic inedible red-bodied swallowtails, such as the common rose and the crimson rose.

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"Drgonfly"
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