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The great English classical scholar and poet, Alfred Edward Housman composed within his poem, "The Oracles".

“The King with half the East at heel is marched from lands of morning;
Their fighters drink the rivers up, their shafts benight the air,
And he that stands will die for nought, and home there's no returning.
The Spartans on the sea-wet rock sat down and combed their hair.”

Image from the documentary, "Last Stand of the 300"

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A pretty impressive digital reconstruction of an ancient Greek phalanx preparing for battle, from the strategy game, "Sparta: War of Empires".

The phalanx was an effective formation when the battles where fought on a flat battlefield, however, when the terrain was uneven, the integrity of the formation could be compromised due to loss of cohesiveness.

In all likelihood the image is depicting the 480 BC, Battle of Thermopylae.

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An image of Greek warriors in the military formation known as the phalanx, which was a massed group of heavily-armed hoplites.

Each warrior would use half of his shield to protect his countrymen to his left, so that everyone to the left of any warrior would be completely protected by a wall of shields. Therefore, the most vulnerable hoplite was the warrior who stood on the right side corner, since it was he who was offered the least protection. It was known as the 'position of honor' since the best and most fearless warrior would occupy that spot.

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The detail is amazing from the complex scene on the North Frieze of the Siphnian Treasury in Delphi which depicted Gigantomachy....the battle of the phalanx between the ancient Greek gods of Mount Olympus on the left and the Giants - love the overlapping shields!

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Warriors prepare to form the military formation known as the phalanx, in the 2003 mini-series, "Helen of Troy.

Image: (c) Universal Home Entertainment

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An awesome illustration of a phalanx, presumably that of the Spartans. The image does provide a sense of how warfare was fought by the ancient Greeks, not only between the city-states, but also against the forces of the Persian Empire.

I have updated the newest collection, which is relative to ancient Rome and includes many different facets of Roman history. I hope you consider viewing the images via the link below:

https://plus.google.com/collection/YjzrEE

My one regret in posting this image is that I don't know who the artist is to be acknowledged. Therefore, if anyone knows who the artist is, please contact me so that I can provide attribution. Thank you!

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An excellent illustration of the ancient Greek military formation known as the phalanx.

If you will notice, each of the shields have a different emblem and several of the helmets are dissimilar, unlike what is depicted in the movies. In many instances, the emblems were used so that you could separate your brother-in-arms from the enemy. However, during the Peloponnesian War and after the emblem was used to designate the city-state which you represented on the battlefield.

Attribution: Karl Kopinski

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An excellent illustration of a phalanx of Greek warriors. If you will notice the helmets for the warriors are different, as are the emblems on the shields.

This is a more accurate representation than in the movies where the helmets and shields were identical to those of their fellow countrymen.

If you are interested in the warfare of the ancient Romans, please let me know and I can start posting more in the newest collection.

https://plus.google.com/collection/YjzrEE

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A very impressive digital reconstruction of a Spartan phalanx preparing for battle, from the strategy game, "Total War: Rome II - Sparta Faction". The phalanx was an effective formation when the battles where fought on a flat battlefield, however, when the terrain was uneven, the integrity of the formation could be compromised due to loss of cohesiveness.

I have started a new collection relative to ancient Rome which I updated earlier and will include many of the battles and armor attributed to the Romans. I hope you consider joining/following me via the link below:

https://plus.google.com/collection/YjzrEE

#MilitaryHistory #Warfare #Spartans
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A scene from the movie, "Troy" where thousands of Greek warriors prepare to engage the Trojans. Missing from this phalanx of Greeks is the greatest of the Homeric heroes, Achilles, who was still angry with Agamemnon. Incidentally, the first use of the word for the military formation known as the 'phalanx' was used by Homer in the, "Iliad".

I hope you visit the newest collection relative to ancient Rome, which will include many of the battles, armor, etc. attributed to the Romans. I hope you consider joining/following via the link below:

https://plus.google.com/collection/YjzrEE

Image - © 2004 Warner Bros

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