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MATRONAS VÍCTIMAS DE LA GUERRA CIVIL ESPAÑOLA

El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las consecuencias más graves que tuvo la Guerra Civil española de 1936 sobre el
colectivo profesional de las matronas, exclusivamente femenino en esos momentos. A pesar de las dificultades que supone filiar y
cuantificar las víctimas mortales de este conflicto bélico, se han identificado a varias matronas que fueron asesinadas durante la
contienda por ambos bandos, debido a su afiliación política. Por otro lado, dada la independencia profesional y la relevancia social
que estas profesionales sanitarias habían adquirido durante la Segunda República, se puede observar una represión claramente
diferenciada, comparándola con la sufrida por otros colectivos femeninos, en la España franquista de la postguerra. Para ello se ha
condensado parte de la abundante documentación localizada en diferentes archivos. Se recogen los cargos de los que fueron acusadas,
las condenas que les fueron impuestas y los datos obtenidos de su paso por las cárceles franquistas y hasta su puesta en libertad.
The objective of this work is to examine the serious consequences the Spanish Civil War of 1936 had on the professional
midwifery collective, exclusively made up of women in these historic times. In spite of the difficulties faced upon identifying and
quantifying the mortal victims of this conflict, various midwives were murdered during the battle by both sides due to their political
believes. On the other hand, given the professional independence and the social relevance that these healthcare professionals
had acquired during the Spanish Second Republic, a clearly different repression can be seen when we compare it to the suffering
experienced by other female collectives in Franco’s postwar Spain. For this, part of the abundant documentation found in different
archives has been condensed. A table reflecting the changes of which they were accused, the sentences which were imposed and the
data obtained from their time spent in francoistic prisons until they were set free was created.
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