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Title: Reinsflokk - Reindeer herd
Painter: Nils Ellingsgard (born in Vats, Ål i Hallingdal, 4 July 1928).

The painting was exhibited during an exhibition in Ål Kulturhus during the winter season 2016-2017
It is for sale: NOK 4500,-

#Norway #Art #traditionalpainting #Hallingdal #Buskerud #Ål #Vats #aquarel #nature #landscape #reindeer #reinsflokk #mountains
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Film about hydro power production in general, the Nordic power market and the company E-CO Energi, Norway's second largest power producer.

#Norway   #EcoEnergy   #hydropower   #Hallingdal   #Hemsedal   #Hallingdalselva   #Stolsvatnet  
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Film about Stolsvatnet dam, for creating hydro power.

#Norway   #EcoEnergy   #hydropower   #Hallingdal    #Stolsvatnet   #Dam  
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Old photos from Hallingdal, Norway
Hallingdal is a valley and traditional district in Buskerud county in Norway. It consists of the municipalities of Flå, Nes, Gol, Hemsedal, Ål and Hol.
The photos are from mid 19th century to early 20th century.


#Hallingdal   #Norway   #OldPhotos  
People of Hallingdal, Norway
34 Photos - View album
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In Upper Hallingdal, Buskerud County, the traditional female Bunad was in daily use up until the 1970’s. Like many other Norwegian Bunads, married and unmarried women have different headgear: “Konehette” (wife’s hood) is still in use, while few single girls use the “jentepannelinet” (the girl’s head band). Today it is common to use an embroidered hat.

The skirt is made from black wool and has a colorful embroidered hemline. It is folded with two straps attached over the shoulders. The straps are also made from black wool, with decorative embroideries similar to the hemline. The front of each strap contains a silver brooch.

The apron is made from black wool damask with embroidered hemline and bust line.

The shirt is white cotton with white seam embroidery around the neck and sleeves. It is common to tie a scarf around the neck.

The traditional head gear for married women is a ‘hood’, which is an embroidered linen cloth covering a semicircular roll, and placed over braids. The hair is braided with woven ribbons and placed in a semicircle on the back of the head. On top of this, the “lykkjeplagget” (garment of good luck) – a colored silk scarf is placed. It is also common to use a “skuv” – a long tuft of dyed wool.

For this costume one uses black stockings and Bunad shoes. The silver comprises a large brooch, two smaller brooches with chains and cufflinks.

#Norway   #Hallingdal   #Bunad   #UpperHallingdal  
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The History of Hallingdal Part 1

(From: Norwegian Genealogy, text written by Cynthia)
"I just returned from attending the Centennial celebration of the Hallinglag in America. A Lag is a society or organization of Norwegian descendants of Hallingdal, Norway. More will be posted on the celebration later; but first I want to share some of the history of Hallingdal that I learned for the first time, thanks to Edna Rude and the mayors from Norway.

Edna transcribed many documents and gathered them into a fine article, too lengthy to reprint in this blog. But, for those interested, please write to me and I will send you her address. And I will try to sum up Edna Rude’s history over the next few days:

Hallingdal first became a kingdom about 800 and its first king was named “Hadding.” He lived at Hoff in upper Al and his son succeeded him as king, living at Garnos in Nes. The name Haddingdal was used for a long period before it became “Hallingdal.” Hadding was the son of King Raum of Telemark, and a brother of King Ring of Ringerike. In 870, Hallingdal accepted Harald Fairhair as king, along with all of Norway.

So the history of our people begins with the civilization of a settled people, from about 800 to 1000 A.D. known as the Viking Age.

While the Vikings raped and pillaged Europe’s coasts, they also planted colonies. Nobody was safe from the Vikings. The name Vik means bay or inlet and the men who swarmed out of these bays in the far north included Danes and Swedes and they were since known as Vikings. A king in France invited a group of Vikings to settle on their shores in exchange for peace and a guarantee that the Vikings would protect France from other bands of Vikings. That area is called Normandy; and it has been said that Normandy is the only place in the world where French is spoken with a Norwegian accent.
But now we know that there was a settled civilization in Hallingdal by 800 A.D., the question remains: "Where did they come from?" (To be continued)"
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The History of Hallingdal Part 2
There are six communities in Hallingdal: Al, Hol, Gol, Hemsedal, Flaa and Nes. Edna Rude tells us that the earliest settlers around Al and Hol came over the mountains from the Sognefjord and Hardanger areas. They had followed ancient trails made by earlier migrant hunters. Gol and Hemsedal were occupied by those coming through Valdres and from the east (Sweden). It is not known if they had ever settled in Sweden or were just passing through. Nes and Flaa were taken over by people coming through Denmark and Estonia, taking the water route to Drammen and up the Hallingdal River.

All of the above people spoke a similar Germanic (teutonic) language. They either lived peaceably next to each other or they fought to determine boundaries because they stayed. Yet, Edna says, to this day they admit a difference in speech, customs, actions and appearance. There is a distinct line between Nes and Gol.

The people of Hallingdal were farmers with enough livestock to carve out their own existence. During the summers they followed the green grass high up on the mountains to a portion of their farm called the seter. Here the women (get that!) turned the herds loose and stayed with them. They made the finest butter and cheese from the milk up there as the grass was so very sweet and nourishing. Some summers the animals had to be carried out of the dark stable to eat the grass around the stable to gain the strength to walk up to the seter. They tried to keep too many animals on too little food during the winter for many centuries.

Going to the seter was like a vacation. The air was so light and the sun shone more hours in the day than down between the mountain walls of the valley farms. They lived in primitive shelters in the seter and the hard work required strong bodies and strong wills.
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The History of Hallingdal Part 3
Edna Rude tells us, “From an old history book we find this description of life on a valley farm, whether in Hallingdal or elsewhere in Norway. Each “settlement” or community consisted of one “big” farm handed down through generations of one family since the beginning. The location would be by a river, fjord, or tarn (lake). The owner was called “odelsbonde” or storbonde” meaning the big landowner. Because of his wealth he was automatically the leader in the community. Wealth was synonymous with wisdom! He kept armed body guards, many hired workers, plus some slaves. Near the buildings were pastures, fields and a small orchard. There was a garden containing cabbages, onions and plants used for dyes-blue, gold, etc. The whole farm was enclosed in a fence.

There were many buildings on the main farm, all built of logs so large it took just three stacked on t op of each other for each wall. As there was no foundation the first log was laid directly on the ground, and each log was “slabbed” on two sides so walls were flat down inside and outside. The roofs were laid with planks, covered by birch bark (which never rots) and then sod on top of this. If the grass grew too long on the roof it was the privilege of one of the goats to be placed up there to nibble it down. Chimneys were unknown until the 18th or 19th century. The main house was long and narrow with a packed earth floor that had been excavated so it was lower than ground level. People would step down into the house. A ledge of earth was left around the walls and this was covered with planks so there were benches for seating many people all around. Two or three stone hearths were lined up along the middle of the room. A hole in the roof served to relieve the room of some of the smoke. The hole served as a window for light during the day. There we no other windows. And there was a sort of trap door attached to a pole so the opening could be closed during bad weather and darkness. Heavy crossbeams held the building together. One end of the house was divided into two small rooms, an entry and a storage room for food supplies. This was a forerunner of the kitchen. And in the entrance was a ladder to the sleeping loft above the storage room. There were, of course, many other building separate stables for cows, sheep and goats, a “stabbur” (storage) with sleeping loft above for the hired girls to sleep. Other help usually slept in the horse stable. There was also a blacksmith shop, a boats shed and a type of sauna used every Saturday by the men. This practice continued until about 1800 AD.” (pp. 2-3, People’s History of the Hallinglag of America 1907-2007).
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The History of Hallingdal Part 4
In an attempt to provide a history of the people of Hallingdal, I have drawn heavily on the Brief History of Hallingdal by Edna Rude. No one else has told the story so wonderfully or so completely. It is fascinating to read her work and recognize the traditions that were passed down for generations and carried to America – customs and traditions that were part of my history. This is especially true as she describes the social life of the Hallings, although on a far, far smaller scale.

“Social life for the big landowner and his family could be some rather grand affairs lasting several days and sometimes including hundreds of guests. The preparations for such an affair kept the servants busy for a long time and the housewife “managed” the whole thing. A thorough house cleaning was the beginning of it and then the walls were decorated with hand-woven tapestries depicting gods, heroes, and great events. Over these tapestries were hung well-polished weapons and shields, floors spread with fresh straw and tables brought in. Everyone arrived dressed in their finest toward evening.

The host went out to meet them and his servants took charge of their horses and weapons until it was time to leave. The host took his place on the “high-seat” a large heavily carved chair marked by two tall, carved pillars standing guard at his right and left. Male guests were seated on the long-wall benches on either side of him and directly opposite, facing him. Women were seated at the end walls. Guests received a bowl of water held by the hostess to wash their hands – and then the host would stand, welcome and announce that it was time to eat.

Of course… the women were busy serving… but only one “poured.” She poured the ale into drinking horns carved from cow horns – and passed them to the guests. When the meal was finished the women cleared the tables and disappeared. But the men continued with their drinking and told stories of long ago events (sagas), while music was played on harps. When they were “well into their cups,” they argued and fought until they eventually stumbled out to find sleeping quarters or fell asleep on the straw by the fires. The following day they held athletic competition.” To be continued.
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