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Dr. Jane Wright became professor of surgery, head of the cancer chemotherapy department, and associate dean at New York Medical College, and the highest ranked African American woman at a nationally recognized medical institution. 
In 1971, Dr. Jane Wright became the first woman president of the New York Cancer Society.

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Mae Jemison: First black woman to travel to space

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Betty Harris : a chemist who patented a test that identifies explosives.
A recipient of the New Mexico Governor’s Trailblazer award, she is also a strong advocate for girls in science-Dr. Betty  Harris help the Girls Scouts of the United States develop a chemistry merit badge.

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Alice Ball (1892-1916)
Chemist was 23 created the first effective treatment for leprosy 

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Peggy Annette Whitson
American biochemistry researcher, NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut.

First space mission was in 2002
Second mission 2007, first woman commander of the ISS
Currently in space on her third long-duration space flight
Current commander of the International Space Station.
Holds the records for the oldest woman spacewalker
Holds the record for total spacewalks by a woman
Cumulative EVA time is 57 hours, 35 minutes
First woman astronaut to command the International Space Station twice.
Broke the record for most total days spent in space by any NASA astronaut, at more than 534 days.

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Race and gender
The positive action here is +National Geographic publishing such knowledge.

h/t +Bryan Maher

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Ending all forms of discrimination against women and girls is not only a basic human right, but it also crucial to accelerating sustainable development. It has been proven time and again, that empowering women and girls has a multiplier effect, and helps drive up economic growth and development across the board.


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Ophthalmologist Dr. Patricia Bath
She was the first woman ophthalmologist to be appointed to the faculty of the University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine Jules Stein Eye Institute.

If you ever have laser surgery for cataracts, this woman paved the way for it in 1986. She founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness in Washington, D.C. Before her, no black person had served as a resident in ophthalmology at New York University and no black woman had ever served on staff as a surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center. Bath is the first African-American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. 

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