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Woman Contracted Deadly Bacteria on a Flight
Meningococcal disease is caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis.

Called meningococcal disease, this bacterial infection is generally transmitted only through close contact, for example, by kissing or living in close quarters with someone who is sick, according to the World Health Organization. The new report is only the third case ever reported of this disease being transmitted on an airplane, said Yushi Hachisu, of the Chiba Prefectural Institute of Public Health in Chiba, Japan, who helped investigate the case.

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Malaria researchers say their worst fears are coming true.
A drug resistant malaria is advancing in Mekong. Should this bug spread to Africa, where more than 90% of malaria deaths occur, the consequences could be disastrous.

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/358/6360/155?rss=1
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"The main symptom is paralysis. Usually, the signs of paralysis start at the top. So one of the first symptoms that we see in patients with botulism poisoning usually is drooping of the eyelids. It also involves paralysis of breathing muscles."
Foodborne botulism is often associated with improper home canning techniques. Dr. Nipunie Rajapakse says, “If you ingest a food that contains the bacteria produced toxin, it can cause you to become quite unwell. The main symptom is paralysis." http://mayocl.in/2qZ0lUY

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China is selling cheap HIV tests in campus vending machines.

The goal is to reach students who may be reluctant to go to a clinic for a test because of the stigma of contracting HIV. Users pay the equivalent of a little over $4 for a kit with a container for a urine sample that can be dropped off anonymously at a receptacle in the machine that dispenses the test. Users can check their results online in 10 to 15 days.

http://n.pr/2oJ5Y92
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New antibody suppresses spread of HIV-1 in infected individuals

Overall, this investigation demonstrates the safety of infusions of antibody 10-1074 in humans. While the virus quickly evolved resistance to these treatments, the resulting viruses remained susceptible to other antibodies. Thus, researchers may be able to build a cocktail of antibodies that effectively block active HIV infections.

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Virus
Anatomy and Pathomechanism
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“Our findings show clearly that this ‘childhood imprinting’ gives strong protection against severe infection or death from two major strains of avian influenza,” said James Lloyd-Smith, a UCLA professor of ecology and evolutionary biology.

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MRSA
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacteria that is resistant to many antibiotics. In the community, most MRSA infections are skin infections. In medical facilities, MRSA causes life-threatening bloodstream infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections.

http://cdc.gov/mrsa/

Photos of Infection (not pretty):
http://cdc.gov/mrsa/community/photos/index.html

drcassone.com
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What's Zika Virus?
The mosquito-borne virus is spreading through 24 regions around the world. What do we know about this strange illness?

Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. No vaccine or medications are available to prevent or treat Zika infections.

In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barre syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes.

Pregnant women are being urged to think twice before traveling to Latin American and Caribbean countries battling a rise in cases of microcephaly — a rare but brutal condition that shrinks the brains of unborn babies. 

But the virus and the birth defects have not been scientifically linked, leaving many questions about what is happening to these children in the womb. Microcephaly itself is not a disease. It's a condition caused by the failure of a fetus's brain to develop in the mother's womb. There can be a number of causes, including toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, syphilis, rubella and genetic abnormalities. So first, the researchers need to rule out these causes out.

In their research, the doctors have made some startling discoveries: There are some unique markers in the infants who have suspected cases of Zika-related microcephaly.

Read the article:
http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/01/29/464811052/doctors-see-profound-abnormalities-in-zika-linked-microcephaly-cases

Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment | Zika virus | CDC:
http://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/

How Zika Virus Affects Unborn Babies?:
http://news.discovery.com/human/health/how-zika-virus-affects-unborn-babies-160128.htm

#health   #zikavirus   #microcephaly   #pregnancy   #medicine  
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