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The bust is of the Athenian general during several of the first years of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides (Θουκυδίδης). However, he is also known as the father of 'scientific history' as a result of his narrative on the wars between the Spartans and Athenians, and their allies.

Exiled by the Athenians after the fall of Amphipolis in 423 BC, for which they blamed him, Thucydides was able to travel freely. This allowed him access to which he was able to provide an objective perspective of the cataclysmic events which followed.

Food for thought....If Thucydides had not been exiled, we would not have had his chronicle of the Peloponnesian War.

The bust of Thucydides below, which was created from plaster is in the Pushkin Museum and is a Roman copy based on a Greek original from the early 4th Century BC. Attribution: Shakko

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An image of one of the greatest and influential statesmen of ancient Greece, the Athenian leader during the first years of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles (Περικλῆς).

Pericles' reign was cut short during the second year of the Greek wars (431-404 BC) between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League, which was headed by Sparta. However, his legacy has continued as a result of the cultural and intellectual advancements during his leadership in Athens, decades prior to the Peloponnesian War.

The image is from the title, "Marbles and bronzes; fifty plates from selected subjects in the Department of Greek and Roman Antiquities"

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An exceptional illustration which depicts one of the battles of the Peloponnesian War which was fought from 431 BC - 404 BC.

The Spartan alliance emerged victorious in these conflicts between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League, however, they changed the landscape of ancient Greece.

Attribution: Michael Welply

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A bust of one of the most influential leaders in Greece's history, the Athenian statesman, Pericles (Περικλῆς).

It was during his rule that the construction began of the most famous citadel in the world, the Acropolis. Unfortunately, Pericles died during the second year of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC).

We have to wonder had he lived throughout the duration of these conflicts between the Athenian Empire vs. the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta, would the outcome have been different?

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The evolution of the ancient Greek panoply continued during the Peloponnesian War as reflected in this excellent recreation of a Spartan warrior who fought during the critical point of Greece's history from 431-404 BC.

The Corinthian helmet in many cases was substituted for the pilos helmet and on occasion, the warrior rather than encumbered by the weight of the cuirass decided to forgo the heavy armor for more mobility and less restriction in movement.

Attribution: unknown...please contact me if you know the artist. Thanks!

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A wonderful tribute to the Athenian statesman, Pericles who died during the second year of the Peloponnesian War between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian Leauge.

The statue is in Kotzia Square which is located in Central Athens.

Attribution: Viktor Bakhmutov

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An excellent illustration by (c) Johnny Shumate of Spartan marines fighting during the Peloponnesian War.

It was during this series of battles from 431-404 BC that we believe the Spartans adopted the Lambda ( Λ) emblem on their shields.

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An outstanding illustration by painter, Richard Hook which depicts the Spartan warriors prior to the Battle of Mantinea in 418 B.C. (Μάχη της Μαντινείας (418 π.Χ.).

Considered one of the most important battles of the Peloponnesian War since it restored the aura of invincibility that surrounded the Spartans, which followed their defeat at Sphacteria in 425 BC.

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An exceptional illustration by artist, Andrei Karachtchouk which depicts the Peloponnesian War which was fought from 431 BC - 404 BC between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League.

In this image, the Spartan warrior identified by the conical Pilos helmet is protecting his ally, the Mantinean hoplite who has been wounded.

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The Battle of Mantineia, 418 BC

Following their victory over the Argives and their allies at Mantinea, the Spartans, as was customary with all the ancient Greeks, claimed possession of the battlefield.

The image represents the culmination of the victory where a trophy was erected as an offering of gratitude to the gods. The arms and armor of the defeated troops were displayed as a testament to the victors defeating the vanquished.

The watercolor image was painted by artist, Steve Noon and it appeared in the Osprey Publishing title, "Spartan Warrior 735-331 BC".

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