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INDIA GATE

Architect: Sir Edwin Lutyens
Place: New Delhi
Architectural Style: Indo-Sarcenic

*Throughout India, India Gate is one of the biggest memorials of war.

*The designing of the monument was conducted by Sir Edwin Lutyens who was the chief architect of Delhi in those times.

*It is said that foundation of India Gate was conducted by Duke of Connaught who was also the royal highness.

*Started in 1921, it took approximately 10 years for India gate to finish its construction. it finally ended up its construction in 1931.

*At the walls of India Gate, you will find scripted names of thousands of soldiers who have bravely fought for their country and given their lives.

*The height of India Gate is approximately 42 meters and the best part is that you can find multiple roads spreading from this location.

*The similarity has been witnessed from the structure of Arc De Triomphe that is structured in Paris.

*At the Arch that is laid just few meters away from India Gate is a shrine which contains Amar Jawan Jyoti.

*The holy flame of Amar Jawan Jyoti was ignited on 26th January 1972 by the Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi.

Picture Credits: https://www.tripgully.com/sites/default/files/attraction/2016/08/India-Gate.jpg
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MEENAKSHI TEMPLE

Architect: Viswanatha Nayak
Place: Madurai, Tamil Nadu
Architectural Style: Dravidian Architecture

*The Sri Meenakshi Temple is considered to be the height of South Indian Vijayanagar temple architecture.

*Meenakshi Temple was on the list of top 30 nominees for the “New Seven Wonders of the World”.

*The Meenakshi Temple has been mentioned since antiquity in Tamil literature.

*The temple attracts 15,000 visitors a day, around 25,000 on Fridays, and receives an annual revenue of Rs sixty million (~US$1 million).

*There are an estimated 33,000 sculptures in the temple.

*The annual 10-day Meenakshi Tirukalyanam festival is celebrated during April and May and attracts 1 million visitors.

*The temple complex is divided into a number of concentric quadrangular enclosures contained by high masonry walls. It is one of the few temples in Tamil Nadu to have four entrances facing four directions.

*It’s not so much a temple as a 6-hectare complex enclosed by 12 gopurams (gateway towers), all of which are carved with a staggering array of gods, goddesses, demons and heroes. The oldest gopuram is the eastern one, built by Maravarman Sundara Pandyan during 1216-1238; the highest is the southern tower which towers 52m over Madurai.

Photo Credits: http://www.findmytemple.com/images/Article_Images/T246_madurai_meenatchi_amman_temple2.png
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KANGRA FORT

Built By: Katoch Kings
Place: Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
Architectural Style: Rajput Architecture

* It is the oldest dated fort in India.

Kangra fort comes in one of biggest forts in India situated in Kangra city of Himachal Pradesh.

It is built on the slope of a steep hill fort from its manufacturing art has attracted visitors.

* According to historical history the written details of this fort found in 1009. But according to beliefs the fort considered at the time of Mahabharata.

* According to a fact, the Kangra fort was built in 1500 AD by Susharma Chandra who is the 234th king from royal family.

The most destructive earthquake in Kangra history heavily damaged the fort.

Even today coming to look shocked from its wonderful proof of ancient Indian architecture.

Photo Credits : Me ;)
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SWAMINARAYAN AKSHARDHAM TEMPLE

Created By: Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, Pramukh Swami Maharaj
Place: New Delhi
Architectural Style: Blend of Indian Architectural Styles

* It is is a Hindu mandir, and a spiritual-cultural campus in New Delhi, India.

* the complex displays millennia of traditional Hindu and Indian culture, spirituality, and architecture.

It sits near the banks of the Yamuna adjacent to the 2010 Commonwealth Games village in eastern New Delhi.

It rises 141-foot (43 m) high, spans 316-foot (96 m) wide, and extends 356-foot (109 m) long.[9] It is intricately carved with flora, fauna, dancers, musicians, and deities.

* It is entirely constructed from Rajasthani pink sandstone and Italian Carrara marble.

* It has no support from steel or concrete.

The mandir also consists of 234 ornately carved pillars, nine domes, and 20,000 murtis of sadhus, devotees, and acharyas. The mandir also features the Gajendra Pith at its base, a plinth paying tribute to the elephant for its importance in Hindu culture and India's history. It contains 148 life sized elephants in total weighing a total of 3000 tons.

*Under the temple's central dome lies the 11-foot (3.4m) high murti of Swaminarayan seated in abhayamudra to whom the temple is dedicated.

Each murti is made of paanch dhaatu or five metals in accordance to Hindu tradition. The temple also houses the murtis of Sita Ram, Radha Krishna, Shiv Parvati, and Lakshmi Narayan.

*The Parikrama around the Akshardham Temple is framed in the form of a pavement comprising of two storeys. The 3000 feet long parikrama has 1200 pillars and 155 pinnacles.

*The main building of the Akshardham Temple is surrounded by a lake called the Narayan Sarovar, which carries the water of as many as 151 sacred lakes and rivers from around the country. A series of 108 gaumukhs (faces of cows) have been made along the sarovar and these stand for the 108 Hindu Gods.

*Akshardham Temple also houses an exquisite garden called the Lotus Garden, the name which it gets because of its shape. The garden is a symbol of spirituality as has been a part of what has been said by the historical leaders, philosophers and scientists of the country.

*The beautiful temple has a great attraction for the visitors in the form of the spectacular musical fountain show called the Circle of Life, a grand 15 minute spectacle held for 15 minutes every evening. The show features the cycle of life, starting from birth till death, with beautiful colorful fountains used to depict all the events.

*Akshardham Temple has found a place in the Guinness Book of Records for being the largest comprehensive Hindu temple in the world. The most amazing thing about this huge temple complex is that it took only five years to be completes, which is something surprising. As many as 11000 artisans and countless volunteers had a contribution in the construction of this temple, which was inaugurated in November 2005.


Photo Credits: akshardham.com
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CHAR MINAR

Built By: Muhammad Quli Qutb Shahi
Place: Hyderabad , Andhra Pradesh
Architectural Style: Islamic / Cazai Architecture

* Char means four and Minar means Tower. Charminar consists of four towers.

Built in 1591 century to celebrate the end of a deadly plague.

*The monument is a perfect square shape building with Tall minarets at each corner.

The monument with a measurement of 20 mtr on each side.The four minarets stand 48.7 mtr above the ground. Each minaret is 4 storey and the floors are divided by a gracefully carved ring around it.

*It is said that there is an underground tunnel that links the charminar to Golconda Fort, which was the former capital of Quli Qutb Shah, and provides an escape route to the royal family in case of an emergency. However the location of the secret tunnel is unknown.

*To get to the top floor one has to climb 149 flights of steps. All the four minarets are enclosed by 149 flights of steps.

*Each side of the Minar has a giant arch, which is 11 m wide and 20 m high, measuring from the summit to the plinth.Each arch also has a clock, which was installed in 1889.

*The Charminar is a monument built with granite and lime mortar in Cazia style of architecture.

*The intricate carvings and moldings on the monument make Charminar a famous monument and a landmark of Hyderabad.

Photo Credits : https://www.flickr.com/photos/kishorephotography/4006688773
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Thank you all <3
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RED FORT

Architect: Ustad Ahmad
Place: Delhi
Architectural Style: The confluence of Persian, European and Indian art formed Shahjahani style.

The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperor for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is located in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums. Built by Shah Jahan.

The red fort is encircled in the area of 254.67 acres within 2.4 Kilometer.

* Its height is 18 m on the river side and 33 m on the brink of the city.

It is Octagonal in Shape.

Its structure consists of Marble, floral decorations, double domes.

*Yes, it's called the Red Fort, but it was not originally built that way. As per the Archaeological Survey of India, parts of the building were made of lime stone. When the white stone started chipping off, the building was painted red by the British.

*The high boundary walls were meant to provide maximum security to the royals. Since it was constructed in red stone and bricks the British called it Red Fort, and the natives translated it to the Lal Qila.

*It is quite obvious that with limited machinery, construction in those days took longer. But 10 years! Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmed, the pioneering architects of Shah Jahan's time, started the construction in 1638 and finally completed it in 1648.

*The UNESCO has named the Red Fort as a world heritage site in 2007 for its historical and cultural significance. An architectural wonder India should be proud of.

Photo Credits : http://incredible-india.sanjeevnitv.com/red-fort/
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HARMANDIR SAHIB

Designer: Guru Arjan (The fifth Sikh Guru)
Place: Amritsar,Punjab
Architectural Style: Sikh Architecture

*Informally referred to as The Golden Temple.

*The Harmandir Sahib complex is also home to the Akal Takht (the throne of the timeless one, constituted by the Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind).

*The Harmandir Sahib complex is also home to the Akal Takht (the throne of the timeless one, constituted by the Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind).

*The lesser known fact is that the foundation stone of the building was laid by a Muslim Sufi Saint - Sai Hazrat Mian Mir.

*It was covered with Gold by Maharaja Ranjit Singh , almost two centuries after its construction.

*Baba Deep Singh Ji, who was the first head of Damdami Taksal (the Sikh school of learning) had taken an oath of breathing his last at the Golden Temple.

*Interestingly, the temple is built on a platform below the ground level to signify that one must remain humble and move downwards while reaching the temple. Also, there are four entries to the temple from all sides which say that it is open for people coming from all the faiths, caste, creed, etc.

*The central structure stands in middle of a man-made pool called 'Amrit Sarovar'. The city of Amritsar gets its name from there. However, the increasing pollution around the temple is negatively affecting the gold plating of the temple which requires its replacement more often than before.

Photo Credits : http://www.punjabstar.ca/golden-temple-voted-3rd-most-popular-attraction-in-india/
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SUN TEMPLE

Built by: King Narasimhadeva I
Place: Konark, Odissa
Architectural Style: Kalinga Architecture

King Narasimhadeva I, the great ruler of the Ganga dynasty had built this temple, with the help of 1200 artisans from 1243-1255 AD (13th Century).

The temple complex is in the shape of a gigantic chariot, having elaborately carved stone wheels, pillars and walls.

* It has twelve pairs of elaborately carved stone wheels which are 3 meters wide and is pulled by a set of seven horses (4 on the right and 3 on the left).

*It is carefully oriented towards the east so that the first rays of sunrise strikes the principal entrance.The temple is built from Khondalite rocks.

*Konark temple was initially built on the sea bank but now the sea has receded and the temple is a little away from the beach.

*The Konark Sun temple has two huge lions on either side of the entrance. Each lion is shown crushing an elephant. Beneath each elephant lies the human body.

*Every single piece of the Konark Sun Temple is covered with sculpture consisting of deities, dancers, scenes of life at court, etc.

Photo Credits : mapsofindia.com
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SANCHI STUPA

Built By: Ashoka The Great
Place: Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh
Architectural Style: Buddhist Architecture

*The Great Stupa at Sanchi is the oldest stone structure in India and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great in the 3rd century BCE.

*Its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chatra, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, which was intended to honour and shelter the relics.

*The Sanchi Stupa contains the shrine of one of the Buddhist teachers from another stupa outside Sanchi.

*The Stupa is 120 feet across, excluding the railing and umbrella.

*Most of the Buddha statues and carvings at the Sanchi Stupa still possess the legendary Mauryan polish.

*The four gateways depict scenes from the life of Lord Buddha and Jatakas tales, the stories associated with Buddha and his earlier births.

Photo Credits : mapsofindia.com
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