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1 in 3 Cases of Dementia Are Preventable

The first Lancet Commission on Dementia Prevention and Care identifies powerful tools to prevent dementia and touts the benefits of nonmedical interventions for people with dementia.

The research is in The Lancet. (full access paywall)

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New Discovery in Motor Neuron Disease and Dementia Could Pave the Way For New Treatments

A new discovery by scientists at the University of Sheffield could help slow down the progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as motor neuron disease (MND), dementia and neurological decline associated with ageing.

The research is in Nature Neuroscience. (full access paywall)

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O2 and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Reverses Brain Damage in Drowned Toddler

Dr. Paul Harch, Clinical Professor and Director of Hyperbaric Medicine at LSU Health New Orleans School of Medicine, and Dr. Edward Fogarty, at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine, report the case of the reversal of brain volume loss in a two-year-old drowning victim unresponsive to all stimuli treated with normobaric oxygen (oxygen at sea level) and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT).

The research is in Medical Gas Research. (full open access)

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Breastfeeding May Lower Multiple Sclerosis Risks for Mom

Mothers who breastfeed for a total of at least 15 months over one or more pregnancies may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) compared with those who don’t breastfeed at all or do so for up to four months.

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Missing Link Discovered Between Immune Cells and Alzheimer's Disease

By studying the effects of immune cells that surround blood vessels in the brain, Weill Cornell Medicine researchers have discovered a new pathway involving these cells that may contribute to the cause of Alzheimer’s disease.

The research is in Circulation Research. (full access paywall)

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Neural Stem Cells Steered by Electric Fields in Rat Brain

Electric fields can be used to guide neural stem cells transplanted into the brain towards a specific location.

The research is in Stem Cell Reports. (full open access)

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Visual System Changes That May Signal Parkinson's Disease

Changes in the visual systems of newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease patients may provide important biomarkers for the early detection and monitoring of the disease.

The research is in Radiology. (full open access)

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Explaining the Link Between Sleep and Alzheimer's

A good night's sleep refreshes body and mind, but a poor night's sleep can do just the opposite. A study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Radboud University Medical Centre in the Netherlands, and Stanford University has shown that disrupting just one night of sleep in healthy, middle-aged adults causes an increase in amyloid beta, a brain protein associated with Alzheimer's disease. And a week of tossing and turning leads to an increase in another brain protein, tau, which has been linked to brain damage in Alzheimer's and other neurological diseases.

The research is in Brain. (full open access)

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Research Offers Hope For NF2 Neuro-Tumor Patients

Full article at http://neurosciencenews.com/nf2-tumor-merlin-7051/

Scientists reveal, for the first time, the role of the cellular prion protein in the development of neurofibromatosis 2 tumors -- with potential impact on other cancers, too.

The research is in Oncogene. (full access paywall)
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Drug Restores Cells and Memories in Alzheimer's: Mouse Study

A new drug can restore memories and connections between brain cells in mice with a model of Alzheimer’s disease, a new Yale-led study suggests.

The research is in Cell Reports. (full access paywall)
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