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Benjamin Russell
Attended Yale University, New Haven, CT
Lives in Tokyo, Japan
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Benjamin Russell

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それにしても、ケイタイ用の月額課金制オンラインRPGをもしも作るとしたら、どんな感じになるのだろうか?

ケイタイ用のスタンドアローン型RPGは専ら短時間で早く進むように出来ている。

対して、月額課金制オンラインRPGは専ら長時間で遅く進むように出来ている。

例えば、ケイタイ用「ファイナルファンタジーXIオンライン」を作るとしたら、一体どんな感じになるんだろうか?
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A relative comparison of the different quantities of food that can be produced by one acre of land.
 
IRRTUM: "Menschen würden in einer veganen Welt verhungern"

It just makes sense, right? If we suddenly didn't have all this meat around, then most of the world would starve to death!

... Of course, the problem of food scarcity is an argument for veganism, not against it. As the world’s population grows and more people are able to afford meat, less food is available overall. This is because we filter protein and energy-rich crops like soy and grain through animals at a substantial loss before eating them. Depending on the numbers you want to trust and the type of animal it comes from, each pound of meat requires four to thirteen pounds of feed to produce. By switching to a plant-based diet, the farms that presently grow that feed are able to grow food for people instead.

These ideas are addressed further on the Your Vegan Fallacy Is site at yvfi.ca/verhungern/r along with responses by +Vegan Street, +Colleen Patrick-Goudreau, +Bite Size Vegan, +Sean P. O. MacCath-Moran, and +Skool of Vegan. As always, if we've missed any good responses out there, we'd love to know about them! =oD

#Welthunger #Fleisch #Pflanzen #yvfi #vegan #fallacy


—☆—★—☆—★—☆—★—☆—★—☆—★—☆—★—


The Your Vegan Fallacy Is project is a community-driven effort dedicated to correcting misconceptions about veganism in approachable and unambiguous ways. If you're vegan and you'd like to see the site in your mothertongue (or to help out with the ongoing work in the existing languages), or if you'd like to volunteer your skills as an artist, writer, or resource curator, then read more about how you can help at yvfi.ca/join-us.
Über den Irrtum, dass Menschen verhungern, wenn wir damit aufhören,Tiere wegen ihres Fleisches zu töten.
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According to the article,

"The researchers came to their conclusions after detecting a pattern, 10 years ago, in ancient DNA studies suggesting the rapid disappearance of large species. At first the researchers thought these were related to intense cold snaps.

"However, as more fossil-DNA became available from museum specimen collections and through improvements in carbon dating and temperature records that showed better resolution through time, they were surprised to find the opposite. It became increasingly clear that rapid warming, not sudden cold snaps, was the cause of the extinctions during the last glacial maximum.

"The research helps explain further the sudden disappearance of mammoths and giant sloths that became extinct around 11,000 years ago at the end of the last ice age."
 
Mammoths Killed by Abrupt Climate Change - http://bit.ly/1JOwWzj
New research has revealed abrupt warming, that closely resembles the rapid man-made warming occurring today, has repeatedly played a key role in mass extinction events of large animals, the megafauna, in Earth's past.
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Now that a genetic switch that determines aging has been discovered for C. elegans, the next step is to discover a corresponding genetic switch for H. sapiens, and to ascertain how to deactivate it.

According to the article,

"While the studies were conducted in worms, the findings have implications for humans, the researchers report. The genetic switch and other components identified by the scientists as playing a role in aging are conserved in all animals, including humans, offering targets for future study. (C. elegans has a biochemical environment similar to that of humans and is a popular research tool for the study of the biology of aging and as a model of human disease.)

...

"In animals, including C. elegans and humans, the heat shock response is essential for proper protein folding and cellular health. Aging is associated with a decline in quality control, so Morimoto and Labbadia looked specifically at the heat shock response in the life of C. elegans.

"'We saw a dramatic collapse of the protective heat shock response beginning in early adulthood,' Morimoto said.

"Morimoto and Labbadia found the genetic switch occurs between two major tissues in an organism that determine the future of the species: the germline and the soma (the body tissues of the animal, such as muscle cells and neurons). Once the germline has completed its job and produced eggs and sperm -- necessary for the next generation of animals -- it sends a signal to cell tissues to turn off protective mechanisms, starting the decline of the adult animal."
 
Animals: Flip of Genetic Switch Determines Aging - http://bit.ly/1JOwSj5
When does aging really begin? Scientists now have a molecular clue. In a study of the roundworm C. elegans, they found that adult cells abruptly begin their downhill slide when an animal reaches reproductive maturity. A genetic switch starts the aging process by turning off cell stress responses that protect the cell by keeping important proteins folded and functional. Germline stem cells throw the switch in early adulthood, after the animal star...
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「【Charlotte(シャーロット)】アニメ3話感想 姉の死んだ理由がひどいwww : 【GAC】ゲーム!アニメ!漫画便!」のサイトによると、どうやら友利奈緒さんがやっと顔面を殴られたらしい。

ハハハ。ざまーみろ!以前、自分の姿を乙坂有宇さんに見えなくした上で彼を殴り、更に白柳弓さんと別れさせたから、天罰がやっと当たったのだろう。いい気味だ!

どうやら、このアニメは第3話に於いても、第4話に於いても、乙坂有宇さんが再び白柳弓さんと付き合えそうにないみたいだから、もう視ない様にしようと思う。(第3話以降はブルーレイ装置に録画しただけでもう視ていないし。)

友利奈緒さんが顔面を殴られた事でボクが気持ちを少し良くしたところでこのお話は終わりにしよう。乙坂有宇さんが再び白柳弓さんと付き合える事がなさそうな事は残念だが。序に友利奈緒さんのデジカメがぶっ壊れていれば良かったのにね!?
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大切な何かを失うとしても、少年は運命に立ち向かう。麻枝 准は問う、眩しい青春の行方を。TVアニメ「Charlotte(シャーロット)」2015年7月よりTOKYO MX他にて放送中!
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A Sea Sapphire:  a copepod for which light is reflected in ultraviolet at an angle of 45 degrees, rendering the crustacean invisible to the human eye.
 
An Invisible Copepod

This is a Sea Sapphire – a copepod covered in guanine crystals: they reflect light from its surface and make a Sea Sapphire visible or invisible. The colour of the reflected light depends on the angle it. Usually, guanine crystals reflect blue light, but when the light hits the Sea Sapphire at 45 degrees, the reflected light shifts into the ultraviolet and becomes invisible to the human eye!

http://news.sciencemag.org/biology/2015/07/video-solving-mystery-invisible-sea-sapphire
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+George Freeman
> Very unique creature!

You probably mean, "Very unusual creature."

Pedantically speaking, an entity is unique if and only if it is not equal to anything else.  Therefore, an entity is either unique, or it isn't; it cannot be "very" unique.  Since you apparently meant "species" by "creature" in the given context, you probably actually meant, "Very unusual species" (which it is).
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The brain is an organ, similar to the heart.  It needs to be exercised; otherwise, it will atrophy.

Anyone who neglects to exercise the brain should not feel surprised to find a reduced ability to think and reason over time.

If you value your ability to think and reason well, exercise your brain, and exercise it often.

Having fun is important in exercising the brain:  The degree of fun enjoyed in doing so directly corresponds with the degree of motivation for exercising it further.
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Benjamin Russell

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Perhaps one reason for a greater tendency to see robots as friends than as enemies in Japan than in the West is cultural:  For hundreds of years, Japan was geographically, politically, and culturally isolated as an island nation.

For this reason, historically, Japanese people have always seen other Japanese people who do not belong to their own group as adversaries, and non-Japanese visitors from other countries as potential resources against other Japanese people who did not belong to their own group.  Unlike in other countries, in Japan, the focus has always been to use people from other countries to gain an advantage over other Japanese people, rather than to ally with other Japanese against other countries.

This tendency persists to this day:  When I was living in Manhattan, for example, I routinely encountered Japanese people from Japan who would tell me that Japanese people living in Manhattan were not friendly toward them because they did not belong to the same group.

For this reason, Japanese people tend to see robots in the same way that they see visitors from other countries:  as a resource to be leveraged against other Japanese people, instead of as a common adversary (Japanese people do not really perceive any entity as a common national adversary because each Japanese individual only identifies with his/her own group).

This is the reason for such stories as "Astro Boy," in which a robot develops emotions and helps people against other robots.

As a person who spent his teenage years in Tokyo, I was exposed during my time there to "Astro Boy" and many similar Japanese robot-based stories.  Therefore, I see robots as resources and potential friends, not as adversaries.

Sentient entities do not automatically ally themselves with their own kind unless a common enemy exists.  For hundreds of years, Japan never had a common enemy; as a result, most Japanese people do not ally themselves with other Japanese people abroad, but instead with someone there, who is usually not Japanese, who happens to be friendly.

There is no reason for an AI-based robot automatically to ally itself with other robots unless human beings deliberately create a situation that requires it.  The assumption that such a reason exists is a Western fallacy, primarily spawned by the geopolitical environment of conflict in Europe, where countries were united against other countries, instead of there having been groups within a single country united against other groups, as in Japan.

Therefore, the best way to ensure that AI-based robots do not pose a common threat is to ensure that they perceive human beings as a more reliable friend than other AI-based robots, in the manner of Astro Boy Atom.
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This technology, when combined with the recent discovery of "a genetic switch that determines aging ... for C. elegans" (see http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150723125244.htm), could potentially speed up research on discovering how to turn off the gene for aging.

Unfortunately, Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties has filed a utility patent for this technology.

According to the article,

"A new technology that will dramatically enhance investigations of epigenomes, the machinery that turns on and off genes and a very prominent field of study in diseases such as stem cell differentiation, inflammation and cancer, is reported on today in the research journal Nature Methods.

"The latest breakthrough comes from [Chang] Lu's collaboration with Kai Tan at the University of Iowa, a systems biologist and associate professor of internal medicine. Together, they demonstrated that a technique called microfluidic oscillatory washing based chromatin immunoprecipitation (MOWChIP-Seq) allows analysis of epigenomic modifications using as few as 100 cells. The description of this advance is in the Nature Methods paper.

...

"The entire MOWChIP process takes about 90 minutes as opposed to many hours that conventional ChIP assays took.

...

""Our technology paves the way for studies of epigenomes with extremely low number of cells from animals and from patients," Lu said.

"Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties has filed a utility patent on MOWChIP-Seq on the behalf of Lu."
 
New technology enhances investigations of epigenomes
A new technology that will dramatically enhance investigations of epigenomes, the machinery that turns on and off genes and a very prominent field of study in diseases such as stem cell differentiation, inflammation and cancer, is reported on today in the research journal Nature Methods.
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The problem with this line of reasoning is that it somehow assumes that people are "ethical," which is not necessarily true.

The article complains that "an android will buy that last muffin"; however, this is exactly the kind of behavior perpetrated by human beings as well.  There are people who deliberately go out of their way to make others miserable by buying out products that are low in quantity at a store because they feel that by making others miserable, they thereby decrease the distance in well-being between themselves and others who are more well-off, and thus feel less miserable.

Here in Japan, because the basic social unit is the group, not the individual, there are groups of teenagers who go out of their way to beat up homeless people living under bridges while those homeless people sleep at night because beating those homeless people up makes the teenagers feel more powerful.  They typically do this because they earn low grades at school and are routinely punished by being made to stand outside class; therefore, they feel that by hurting homeless people, they can strike back at society.  Onlookers typically do nothing because they only care about members of their own groups as well.

It is human beings who are the problem, not robots.  Robots only act according to their programming, which is determined by their programmers.
 
This question from the +WallStreet Journal is a tricky one: "Can we create an ethical #robot?" The more sophisticated #artificalintelligence becomes, the more decisions it is going to make by itself. But simply programming a machine to follow common rules won't be enough. What if a robot has to react to an unforseen, dangerous situation, when it is faced with the choice  between a great evil and a lesser one? WSJ has put some really interesting thoughts together. Of course, I would like to know what you are thinking about this topic: Can we create an ethical robot? #ethics #cobots #technology
Without our social sense, an android will buy that last muffin, and a driverless car might run over a child.
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+Max Steel
> AI is going to be ALOT smarter than us.

Well, so much the better:  Based on my experience, I do not trust human beings, and I would be more inclined to trust an AI-based entity raised in an environment that I can potentially control than a human being raised in an environment that I can't.

Each AI-based entity might individually learn to cooperate with human beings for its own good, but there is no way to appease a human being who derives pleasure directly from the suffering of other human beings (and I know of many such people).

If I were an AI-based entity, I would cooperate with whatever entity were most likely to help me the most, regardless of whether it was AI-based or human.  The entity with which I would be least likely to cooperate would be an antagonistic one, regardless of whether it was AI-based or human.
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This is one of the main reasons that I do not live in the United States.  When the common denominator for knowledge is this low, the quality of popular entertainment suffers, and as a result, all entertainment gets reduced to a dichotomy in which it either is addressed to a level of knowledge so low as to be disgusting, or is converted to a form so boring as to be digestible only in an academic context.

Here in Japan, for example, it is fairly common to see certain anime series that require a certain level of abstract reasoning to understand, but which are not limited in audience to researchers.  Unfortunately, this audience does not seem to exist in the United States.
 
I'm so so through with America....
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According to the article,

"Nicolas Dumay of the University of Exeter explains: 'Sleep almost doubles our chances of remembering previously unrecalled material. The post-sleep boost in memory accessibility may indicate that some memories are sharpened overnight. This supports the notion that, while asleep, we actively rehearse information flagged as important. More research is needed into the functional significance of this rehearsal and whether, for instance, it allows memories to be accessible in a wider range of contexts, hence making them more useful.'

"The beneficial impact of sleep on memory is well established, and the act of sleeping is known to help us remember the things that we did, or heard, the previous day. The idea that memories could also be sharpened and made more vivid and accessible overnight, however, is yet to be fully explored."
 
Sleeping is important, as our brain do "maintenance" during that time. After a good night sleep we are more productive, and efficient.

Now its being found that not only protects current memories from being forgotten, it allows us to access them easier.
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Work
Occupation
Patent Abstract Translator
Skills
bilingual (Japanese/English), majored in computer science at Yale University, can compose _haiku_, can write programs in Scheme and C
Employment
  • Patent Abstract Translator, present
Places
Map of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has livedMap of the places this user has lived
Currently
Tokyo, Japan
Previously
Oceanside, CA - Honolulu, HI - Kuki-shi, Saitama Prefecture, Japan - Tokyo, Japan - New Haven, CT - New York, NY
Story
Tagline
Scholar-aspirant who majored in computer "science." Occasionally discusses algorithms; _haiku_; Scheme, Haskell, and Smalltalk (in the context of programming language theory); astronomy; and some narratology.
Introduction
J-E patent translator in Tokyo. User of Haskell, Scheme, Squeak. Mac Pro user. Amateur programming language/philosophy of mind theorist.  Occasional animals rights activist. 東京在住の特許の翻訳家。Haskell、Scheme、Squeak言語の研究家。Mac Proのユーザー。アマチュアのプログラミング言語/心の哲学の理論家。時折、動物愛護運動家。
Bragging rights
Original author of "Gödel's Second Incompleteness Theorem Explained in Words of One Syllable" (see http://www2.kenyon.edu/Depts/Math/Milnikel/boolos-godel.pdf), submitted as a term paper for a class by then-visiting professor George Boolos at Yale University in fall 1993, later published as the last chapter in _Logic, Logic, and Logic_ (Boolos, George. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999) under George Boolos' name .
Education
  • Yale University, New Haven, CT
    1994
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Male
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