First, let me tell you the core principes.
In shalah and in every ibada in Islam, we have 3 big commandments (ruqun):
1. ruqun fi'li
how our body must perform in shalah according to Prophet Muhammad pbuh tought us.
2. ruqun qawli
how we recites duas in our shalah according to Prophet Muhammad pbuh tought us.
3. ruqun qalbi
how we set our mind and heart on remembering Allah
Thus, this ruqun qalbi is recommended we do too in our everyday life out of shalah. As told in Quran here:
فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةُ فَٱنتَشِرُواْ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱبۡتَغُواْ مِن فَضۡلِ ٱللَّهِ وَٱذۡكُرُواْ ٱللَّهَ كَثِيرً۬ا لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تُفۡلِحُونَ
Then once the Salah is over, disperse in the land, and seek the grace of Allah, and remember Allah abundantly, so that you may be successful. (Q.S. Al-Jumu’ah: 10)
نَّ فِى خَلۡقِ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱخۡتِلَـٰفِ ٱلَّيۡلِ وَٱلنَّہَارِ لَأَيَـٰتٍ۬ لِّأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ (١٩٠) ٱلَّذِينَ يَذۡكُرُونَ ٱللَّهَ قِيَـٰمً۬ا وَقُعُودً۬ا وَعَلَىٰ جُنُوبِهِمۡ وَيَتَفَڪَّرُونَ فِى خَلۡقِ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ رَبَّنَا مَا خَلَقۡتَ هَـٰذَا بَـٰطِلاً۬ سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ فَقِنَا عَذَابَ ٱلنَّارِ (١٩١)
Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are signs for the people of wisdom, (190) Who remember Allah standing and sitting, and (lying) on their sides, and ponder on the creation of the heavens and the earth (and say) “Our Lord, You have not created all this in vain. We proclaim Your purity. So, save us from the punishment of Fire. (Q.S. Al-Imran:190-191)
So our everyday life activity counted as ibada too.
■ How the truly act on remembering Allah in shalah
لَيۡسَ كَمِثۡلِهِۦ شَىۡءٌ۬ۖ
Nothing is like Him. (Q.S. Ash-Shura:11)
وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدٌ
And there is none like unto Him. (Q.S. Al-Ikhlas:4)
So, remembering Allah is different with remembering things (makhluq) since Allah in not a thing, since Allah is never be the same with any-things because Allah is The Creator of every-things.
○ on remembering things:
we use mind and heart
○ on remembering Allah:
we pause our mind and heart because everything we could think in mind and everything we could be felt in heart must be not Allah Himself. Not thinking and not reminding any-things is the truly remembering Allah who are never be the same with anything.
Tawhid scholars said:
"Man `arafallaaha kalla lisanuhu."
whosoever truly knowing Allah, so he will be tongue-tied
tongue-tied = silent in mind and heart
So, to gain khusyu' in shalah is NOT by translating arabic dua to our language in heart while our tongue reciting it. This called munafiq.
again tawhid scholars said:
"Man abdal Asma faqad kafar,
man abda ma'na fa huwa munafiqun."
who worships Asma (Names of Allah), then he is a kufr
who worship meanings, then he is a munafiq
Allah Knows best.
#Islam #shalah #ibada #remembering_Allah #dhikr #dhikrullah