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Thomas Milton Tinney, Sr.
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Pseudoscience Ignores and Denigrates All True Science

Pseudoscience ignores all true science, suggesting [geology or deep time of Earth's past has been organized into various units according to events which took place in each period.] On the other hand, central to God's plan for the creation of this earth is His own declaration: “This is my work and my glory—to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man”.  Pseudoscience, not science, ignores the existence of The Creator. Theories, based on the creation of this earth, without a creator, are inherently, theoretically false. They all start off on the wrong foot. Continuing, if in the study of the history of the temporal earth, it is not considered that it was formed and continues to exist, "to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man"; the conclusions reached are also false. According to the latest science alert, The Earliest Evidence of Human Impact on Earth's Geology Has Been Found in The Dead Sea - We've been forcing change for 11,500 years; according to article dated 7 Jun 2017. "The find comes as a result of the Dead Sea Deep Drilling project, which involved using a 1,500-foot (457-metre) drill core to dig into the inland Dead Sea basin. By digging deep into the basin, the researchers were able to access a sediment record of the last 220,000 years, and found a striking correlation between the beginnings of agriculture in the area and anomalies in erosion and sand deposit trends. . . . The first permanent human settlements are found in the Levant region which borders the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. But precisely when and why people made this transition is the subject of fierce debate. . . . Between 9200 and 8000 years ago, there are large, elaborate farming villages in the region and consistent methods of garbage disposal. Now, using basic scientific principles and methodologies, the fact is stated that the land of Adam-ondi-Ahman in the state of Missouri, is where the human race began. Circa 4000 BC, in and of itself, creates a 2000 to 3200 year time scale failure, then upwards to 220,000, for other hominids. Additionally, the relevant information directly contradicts the location for the beginnings of agriculture, from the area of the Middle East. This distance from Independence, in Missouri, to Jerusalem area, in Israel, is 6,567 miles. There is zero credibility, yes, zero credibility, to state: "All living humans originated from populations of ancestors who migrated out of Africa less than 100,000 years ago. Learn how scientists have used genetic markers to trace the migration routes and origins of modern human populations." We all have DNA, with different degrees of light or intelligence in our understandings, described as telestial, terrestial, and celestial (3 sub sets). Honorable men of this earth have created and established a Pseudoscience, that transmogrifies three basic ways light is transmitted throughout the Universe, into one mass of confusion, an archaeological garbage dump, that uses temporal instruments to judge eternal truths. Not good.
https://www.sciencealert.com/the-earliest-evidence-of-human-impact-on-earth-s-geology-has-been-found-in-the-dead-sea
http://www-icdp.icdp-online.org/front_content.php?idcat=825
https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn6646-garbage-betrays-date-of-earliest-village-life/
https://www.lds.org/general-conference/1980/10/adam-the-archangel?lang=eng
http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/using-dna-trace-human-migration

"Accurate tree ring records of age are available for a period extending 9,000 years into the past", is an example of starting off from a false assumption, as we can only go back 6,000 years. "Changes in the Earth's magnetic field would change the deflection of cosmic-ray particles streaming toward the Earth from the Sun. Carbon 14 is thought to be mainly a product of bombardment of the atmosphere by cosmic rays, so cosmic ray intensity would affect the amount of carbon 14 in the environment at any given time. " It is obvious from the Lectures on Faith, that early Church leaders actually did believe the time periods of life for the ancient Patriarchs. Therefore, the rate of decay, or "the amount of carbon 14 in the environment at any given time," was vastly different, as noted by the shortened life spans after the side effects of a cataclysmic world wide flood, including earth disruptions that appear to have included burning of a lot of extant fossil fuels. Projecting back in time, relying on present atmospheric conditions, gives false readings. Scientifically rethink the atmospheric conditions prior to the flood, without the appearance of the rainbow, and there will be a vast shortening in the time periods calculated. It is true science based on study by faith; confirmation by current technology. It is clear: the flood had to be caused by a change in our Earth's magnetic field. If you receive the Gospel of Jesus Christ as a little child, it is all very simple.
http://www.nytimes.com/1990/05/31/us/errors-are-feared-in-carbon-dating.html

Israel News from HAARETZ, says: "Native Americans Have Actually Been There Since the Beginning, Say Archaeologists" Even with the dating periods tremendously exaggerated and all messed up, cross comparison with similarly used techniques to establish other dating periods tremendously exaggerated and all messed up, the general gist is: Now ancient skeletons and a genetic study proves that the Tlingit and Haida tribes' oral history of being there from the beginning is based on fact. Read to the very end of the article where it says: "One caveat. The fact is that we still do not know who settled North America first, when, or how. In fact, we don't even know for sure what human species did it. Mastodon remains were found in southern California that seem to have been manipulated by some sort of human 130,000 years ago, which is, well, around 115,000 years earlier than humans had been thought to have reached the continent. It's also tens of thousands of years before the migration of Homo sapiens out of Africa that is believed to have populated today's world." Well, isn't that a bummer! Makes all the charts and migration patterns and early DNA ancestry studies a waste of time and money; a real boondoggle. Or, as I have just noted, "And there is zero credibility, yes, zero credibility, to state: "All living humans originated from populations of ancestors who migrated out of Africa less than 100,000 years ago. Learn how scientists have used genetic markers to trace the migration routes and origins of modern human populations." So, "North American tribes descended from the first humans to settle in Northwest America."; . . . "Their ancestors did settle the Pacific Northwest more than 10,000 years ago."; and to top it all off: "Shuká Káa was found to be related to tribes from Central and South America, but Malhi cautions that the genetic signal is not statistically strong in this case, and may only be a sign that indigenous tribes in the Americas share a common ancestor." The Hemispheric Model again; believed and taught seriously as truth, by early leaders of the LDS Church; avid aficionados of bringing forth the Book of Mormon in the first place. . . . "Shuká Káa, on the other hand, appears more closely related to groups living in South and Central America today, such as the Karitiana, Suruí, and Ticuna of Brazil’s Amazon." "In another interesting twist, the team found that the group of skeletons was not closely related to two other famous Paleoindians: the 8545-year-old Kennewick Man, unearthed from the banks of the Columbia River in Washington state, and the 12,600-year-old Anzick child from Montana. This suggests there were at least two groups of settlers who came to North America across the Bering Strait land bridge before 10,000 years ago, Malhi says. Although multiple migrations have long been documented, this is the first ancient DNA evidence of different groups arriving in North America at such an early date." Right time and travel journeys: Jaredites and Lehites. Will BYU ever become the beacon on the hill and teach the world true science? As a genealogical research specialist, I learned to study records and family clues as potential evidence until supported by primary documentation; therefore, traditions, which are in essence, the same as DNA claims and scientific theoretical assumptions; they are considered within the framework of other testimonies given by the prophets; then reconnected with them within the proper framework of time and relationships. For example: "The use of radiocarbon dating techniques has justifiably proliferated in recent decades in archaeological research, but there remains significant potential for the inclusion of random and systematic errors in reporting the results. Carbon reservoirs and recycled organic remains can inflate the apparent age of samples. Diagenesis of carbon isotopes from artifacts recovered within pervasive hot and humid climate conditions, and from archived collections, tends to provide age underestimates; microorganisms attack and replace carbon produced metabolically during an organism’s lifetime with more modern carbon. The use of legacy radiocarbon ages must be carefully considered, and calibration of absolute ages from 14C ages lacks precision during certain significant periods of African prehistory."
http://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/1.785997
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/04/ancient-skeletons-show-direct-link-modern-tribes-pacific-northwest
https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/Hiring_a_DNA_Testing_Company
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10437-017-9257-z

The Americas after the deluge were still connected to other current world continental systems, allowing for the possibility of some small human re-population; and in particular, restoration of animals to the region, after the flood, until the days of Peleg. NASA suggests: "If the earth rotated faster, it would have a stronger magnetic field. If it had a larger liquid core it would also have a stronger magnetic field." Biblical accounts clearly state, that in the beginning, the earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. This clearly suggests that the earth was formed out of a portion of The Universe, of unorganized gaseous matter and fluid element, which was permeated by light from God, condensed into a liquid gravitation field, and further defined with more rigid land mass, which was then set into rotational spin." Thus, in the beginning, as in the birth of a human child, the formation of the earth was in a "womb" environment, surrounded by a naturally formed intense and stronger magnetic field for protection from external forces coming towards it from other areas of the Universe. Present day scientists are still playing theoretical catch-up; trying to evaluate material evidence in such a manner, so that it will "prove" their already assumed theoretical underpinnings. I call this product: scientific ketchup. It is incorrect to state: "Earth formed from accreted matter surrounding the young Sun." It is correct to state: The earth has been formed as a "young Sun"; it is going through the "birthing process" that will eventually develop into the creation of a future celestial residence. Following current science news, concerning the Earth's magnetic field, "To maintain this magnetic field until the present day, the classical model required the Earth's core to have cooled by around 3 000 °C over the past 4.3 billion years. Now, astronomers suggest that, on the contrary, its temperature has fallen by only 300 °C." This is an example of 4.3 billion years of egg-in-the-face, or saving face, being scrambled with a lot of new "ketchup". For those who do not like these statements. I present some "smiley" faces from the "Wind jewel". [The jewel—a jade pendant worn on a king’s chest during key religious ceremonies . . . is in the shape of a T, . . . ik . . . "wind and breath" . . . Maya kings—as divine rulers responsible for the weather—performed rituals according to their sacred calendar, burning and scattering incense to bring on the wind and life-giving rains.. . . “it had immense power and magic.”] Combined with the genealogy of the king Janaab’ Ohl K’inich, it suggests connective usage in a corrupted priesthood kingship format, from a Lamanite descendant, to the ancient Nephite, as well as Jaredite Book of Mormon historical artifact, the Urim and Thummim, as well as jewels in the Israelite Old Testament Aaronic High Priest Breastplate. Interrelationship in the words: Ehecatl, meaning "wind" and ehecailacacozcatl, or "breastplate of the wind"; Hebrew word ruach as "breath," or "wind," or "spirit"; Hawaiian Ancient – ha – breath of life;  Mayan - ik -- breath of life; Cree - oenikika-- breath of life; Taino - Opia -- Spirit of the Dead; Lakota - Woniya wakan -- holy air; Maori - nge -- breath of life. Shows Lamanite vestiges of Hebrew related connectivity to the Middle East, as per my previous "Wind jewel" reference about king Janaab’ Ohl K’inich; also appears to transcend cultures and sub regions; has become part of island and hemispheric tribal lore and rituals, in one form or another; part of sacrifice and purification; etc. Connection between Indigenous populations in Americas, and islands of the seas, with the Middle Eastern House of Israel, from: W. W. Phelps, Times and Seasons, Vol.2 No.7 pp 297-299. Point 1: "The Urim and Thummim, Seer stones, Teraphim, and Images, whatever name is given to them, are found in the United States of America." . . . "And again, the expression of Eve, after the birth of Seth, mentioned in the same chapter, goes to show the continuation of the priesthood. For God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel whom Cain slew. The Hebrew word “zarang,” translated seed, would come nearer the truth, rendered power of lives, as will appear by reading (Gen. 1:12, and Gal. 3:16,) for Christ is the power of life in trees, animals and man, as well as the priesthood. Instead of translating Habal (Abel greek) “breathe,” it should be “breath of lives,” for God breathed into him the breath of life and he became a living soul: Then Eve’s language would be: For God hath appointed another power of life instead of the breath of life whom Cain slew. Literally a priest for souls, . . ." Point 2: Jesus answered . . . "Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit." Ehecatl, meaning "wind" and ehecailacacozcatl, or "breastplate of the wind", which equals: God priest (the high priest in Israel was only a symbol of their real high priest, Jesus Christ, who made the ultimate Atonement), seen through Lamanite tradition, with Urim and Thummim; or, Quetzalcoatl, god of wind and learning; etc.
http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/feature/a_pendant_fit_for_a_king
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/07/170713154912.htm
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160401075118.htm
https://www.penn.museum/sites/expedition/the-wine-gods-breastplate/
http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/feature/a_pendant_fit_for_a_king
https://bcgmaxwell.wordpress.com/tag/times-and-seasons/page/8/
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/john/3.16
https://www.lds.org/manual/new-testament-student-study-guide/the-epistle-of-paul-the-apostle-to-the-hebrews/hebrews-5-jesus-christ-the-great-high-priest?lang=eng

Pacharurac, or "Creator of the World", Quechua, or Pacha Kamaq, comes out of Peru, before the Inca conquest. Pacha-rurac; using Hebrew word ruach as "breath," or "wind," or "spirit"; as in ("pacha-rurac"; which includes letter words - ruach); combining Hebrew concept of "breath of life", with Hebrew Creator, who by His Words, breathes "life" into all Creation. This is the Christian-Mormon core thought of Christ being in all things, the life and the light, throughout the Universe, by and through the words of the Father of Fathers, even Elohim (Hebrew: אֱלֹהִים‎ ’ĕlōhîm). Also, the testimony of the beloved Apostle John, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." Lamanite transmission contains the core truth that the "wind breath" was in and of itself: "God"; removed being the intermediary Jesus Christ link. The Book of Mormon is factual; as in Mayan - ik -- breath of life (language family spoken in Mesoamerica and northern Central America); it shows up in linguistic Cree - oenikika-- breath of life. (part of Algonquian languages spoken across Canada, from the Northwest Territories and Alberta to Labrador). Testifies overwhelmingly of Pan-American transmission of basic Hebrew originated religious thought and practices. The Mayan Majix notes [On Mayan sculptures, the God of Rain or Storms is shown holding a T-Cross, the symbol for Ik, God of Wind. The wind . . . is symbolic of the breath of life itself. The T-Cross shape is seen in ancient architecture throughout Mesoamerica and the American Southwest. Some ancient codices of the Maya depict the Tree of Life as a T shape]; as in [Taw, the 22nd and last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, was the mark . . . the sign that defends against the power of evil influences . . .] Book of Mormon Archaeology News is like a Plains Indian [facing east, towards a fire (the Sun/ Son of God, as in LDS Temple construction, for return of the Lord of the House. {The Sweat Lodge is a place of spiritual refuge and mental and physical healing, a place to get answers and guidance by asking spiritual entities, totem helpers, the Creator and Mother Earth for the needed wisdom and power.})] sweat lodge (Inipi - "to live again"; earth, water, air and fire: body buried (formerly unclean, impure and filthy life) in water (steam, as in Gentile "sprinkling" baptisms, sans immersion), comes forth to be cleansed by fire [trial] and the Holy Ghost) of purification; i.e., scholarly peer review. But, Chumash in central coastal California built sweat lodges; also, ancient Mesoamerican tribes of Mexico, like Aztec and Olmec, [practiced a sweat bath ceremony known as temazcal as a religious rite of penance and purification.] Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics: Mundas-Phrygians, Volume IX, page 803, under Peru; Etc.
https://books.google.com/books?id=HT0TAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA803&dq=inca+and+ik+%22breath+of+life%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj4wruFgdjVAhVHxVQKHfQeCMgQ6AEIRjAG#v=onepage&q=inca%20and%20ik%20%22breath%20of%20life%22&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=Obgdz8auwkMC&pg=PA143&lpg=PA143&dq=oenikika&source=bl&ots=c72KzTz0Z2&sig=kz1FhaApQbdiCKaLk-8m8ZbL4mw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjlkMnt-9fVAhXLxVQKHWqLDWsQ6AEIVjAO#v=onepage&q=oenikika&f=false
http://mayanmajix.com/1mma_12_28_15.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cree#/media/File:Crimapo.png
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/tingeo1.htm
http://aktalakota.stjo.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=8671

Understanding comes through the turning of the Keys of The Priesthood, held by The First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Keys of Astronomy, and other related sciences were turned over to the learned in the world by President Joseph Smith, Jr., as noted in the Pearl of Great Price. He stated in his day, that concerning certain figures, such as [Fig. 9. Ought not to be revealed at the present time.] It would have been a hard sell to speak of space travel or even of airplanes in his day. But indeed, today, President Dieter F. Uchtdorf was called as second counselor in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on February 3, 2008. His biography shows "In 1959 he joined the German Air Force and served for six years as a fighter pilot. In 1965 President Uchtdorf began working for Lufthansa German Airlines as a pilot. From 1970 until 1996 he flew as captain of the B737, Airbus, DC10, and B747. While also working as training and check captain, he received several management responsibilities. These positions included Section Chief Pilot B737, head of Lufthansa pilot school in Arizona, head of all cockpit crews, and finally Senior Vice President Flight Operations and Lufthansa Chief Pilot. He was also chairman of the Flight Operations Committee of the International Air Transport Association." Continuing, from Facsimile #2, [Fig. 10. Also. Fig. 11. Also. If the world can find out these numbers, so let it be. Amen. Figures 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, and 21 will be given in the own due time of the Lord. The above translation is given as far as we have any right to give at the present time.] Note President Joseph Smith, Jr. says "we"; as we have any right to give at the present time. That means others, such as President Sidney Rigdon, had no right to say what he knew, as per Section 76, of the Doctrine and Covenants. "But great and marvelous are the works of the Lord, and the mysteries of his kingdom which he showed unto us, which surpass all understanding in glory, and in might, and in dominion; Which he commanded us we should not write while we were yet in the Spirit, and are not lawful for man to utter; Neither is man capable to make them known, for they are only to be seen and understood by the power of the Holy Spirit, which God bestows on those who love him, and purify themselves before him". So, the world, by their own mental capacities, as inspired by the Light of Christ, sometimes touched by the Holy Ghost, by the turning of the keys by the mouth of the prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., can walk on the moon, etc. Also, everyone on this earth can search out for Kolob and find out the truth of all things, as fast as they are capable of doing, even as a little child, and get real answers, factual answers to the mysteries of the Universe. It is a simple understanding of time. By the way, no Telestial or Terrestial spirits on this earth at the present time, can know or comprehend how this earth works, how it was created, or, its future exalted position in the Universe. We are not all part of a false biological tree of life, random creatures of chance. Instead, we, all mankind and womankind, can be a part of an eternal Royalty, part of the begotten sons and daughters unto God by the Atonement of Jesus Christ, as on other planets, past, present and future.
https://www.lds.org/church/leader/dieter-f-uchtdorf?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/abr/fac-2?lang=eng
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/person/sidney-rigdon
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/76

A Third Jaredite Record: The Sealed Portion of the Gold Plates, translated after Jesus Christ's appearance to the Nephites, contained data "shown or demonstrated visually" of Jared's vision, wherein "they reveal all things from the foundation of the world unto the end thereof. And the day cometh that the words of the book which were sealed shall be read upon the house tops; and they shall be read by the power of Christ; and all things shall be revealed unto the children of men which ever have been among the children of men, and which ever will be even unto the end of the earth." This indicates, in modern terms, satellite transmission through various global electronic devices. There is some excellent information in articles called "A Yottabyte of storage", as well as "How Much Information?" . . . "How much storage space would be required for a video recording of the whole lifetime of every person's that ever lived. This surely would be the ultimate expression of data storage as if you recorded someone's life completely, you'd pretty much cover everything they cared about as well. . . . So we have this simple equation 1,262,269,440 seconds X 1MB (220) X 100,000,000,000 = 132,358,544,031,744,000,000,000,000 = 132 YB = 109 YiB . . . Probably everyone would need to have a copy of everyone else's lifetime, . . . " Compare video recordings to the prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., that: "It is my meditation all the day, and more than my meat and drink, to know how I shall make the Saints of God comprehend the visions that roll like an overflowing surge before my mind. Oh! how I would delight to bring before you things which you never thought of! " The Zettabyte Era: Trends and Analysis, suggests that "Annual global IP traffic will reach 3.3 ZB per year by 2021, or 278 exabytes (EB) per month. In 2016, the annual run rate for global IP traffic was 1.2 ZB per year, or 96 EB per month." [By late 2016 memory density had increased to the point where a yottabyte could be stored on SD cards occupying roughly twice the size of the Hindenburg.] Currently, "The NSA's Massive Utah Data Center Won't Store Anything Close To Yottabytes of Data"; thus, "the 100,000 square feet of space in the Utah collection of data centers", does not even have the capacity to contain "a video recording of the whole lifetime of every person's that ever lived.", or that will ever live on earth in the future. By comparison, Nephite visitor Jesus Christ, that had capacity (infinite spirit mega massive density), taught faithful "Mormon" Saints, total world history by visions [spirit to spirit], in just a short few hours or days; He did the same with Moses, and Enoch, and the Brother of Jared, and other prophets, such as Adam, in the beginning of the temporal earth, who [being full of the Holy Ghost, predicted whatsoever should befall his posterity unto the latest generation.] This is high class, advanced technology. Back in AD 2010, [the Techonomy conference in Lake Tahoe, CA, the first panel featured Google CEO Eric Schmidt. . . . Schmidt noted that while technology is neutral, he doesn’t believe people are ready for what’s coming. “I spend most of my time assuming the world is not ready for the technology revolution that will be happening to them soon,” Schmidt said.] [Where in the World is Storage- Byte Density Across the Globe.] Northwestern University psychologist Paul Reber suggested that . . . "neurons combine so that each one helps with many memories at a time, exponentially increasing the brain’s memory storage capacity to something closer to around 2.5 petabytes [1 petabyte ≈ 1,000 terabytes]. For comparison, if your brain worked like a digital video recorder in a television, 2.5 petabytes would be enough to hold three million hours of TV shows. You would have to leave the TV running continuously for more than 300 years to use up all that storage." However, Abraham [talked with the Lord, face to face, as one man talketh with another; and he told me of the works which his hands had made; And he said unto me: My son, my son (and his hand was stretched out), behold I will show you all these. And he put his hand upon mine eyes, and I saw those things which his hands had made, which were many; and they multiplied before mine eyes, and I could not see the end thereof]; indicating that the storage capacity of a human brain in a celestial body extends out into and within the whole of the physical body. Now we find out, as of March 2, 2017, that DNA could store all of the world's data in one room. . . . [Capable of storing 215 petabytes (215 million gigabytes) in a single gram of DNA, the system could, in principle, store every bit of datum ever recorded by humans in a container about the size and weight of a couple of pickup trucks. But whether the technology takes off may depend on its cost. . . . To decode them, the pair used modern DNA sequencing technology. The sequences were fed into a computer, which translated the genetic code back into binary and used the tags to reassemble the six original files. The approach worked so well that the new files contained no errors, they report today in Science. They were also able to make a virtually unlimited number of error-free copies of their files through polymerase chain reaction, a standard DNA copying technique. What’s more, Erlich says, they were able to encode 1.6 bits of data per nucleotide, 60% better than any group had done before and 85% the theoretical limit.] "DNA Fountain enables a robust and efficient storage architecture", verifies Abraham's experience, that Jesus Is The Christ, the Only Begotten and Beloved Son of God, the Messiah, the Rock of Heaven, Jehovah, and the King of the Jews.
https://www.lds.org/manual/teachings-joseph-smith/chapter-45?lang=eng
http://suso.suso.org/xulu/A_Yottabyte_of_storage
http://www2.sims.berkeley.edu/research/projects/how-much-info/datapowers.html
http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/vni-hyperconnectivity-wp.html
https://techcrunch.com/2013/07/24/the-nsas-massive-utah-data-center-wont-store-anything-close-to-yottabytes-of-data/
https://techcrunch.com/2010/08/04/schmidt-data/
http://highscalability.com/blog/2012/9/11/how-big-is-a-petabyte-exabyte-zettabyte-or-a-yottabyte.html
https://www.idc.com/IDC_Storage-infographic.jsp
http://io9.gizmodo.com/if-your-brain-were-a-computer-how-much-storage-space-w-509687776
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/355/6328/950
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/abr/3.24
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/03/dna-could-store-all-worlds-data-one-room
https://publications.mi.byu.edu/pdf-control.php/publications/jbms/11/1/S00012-50e5f1f13dd8cArts.pdf

Changes in Languages From Nephi to Now, by Brian D. Stubbs, appeared in FairMormon. He states: "Let me explain that there are some 1500 Native American languages that belong to 170-plus different language families. A language family is a group of related languages descended from the same ancestor language. So each language family is not related to the other 169-plus. That means a huge linguistic variety exists in the Americas and also means that many peoples came here besides Lehi and Mulek." Not so fast. Daniel C. Peterson posts a more extensive language map. Daniel C. Peterson additionally suggests in a Deseret News Faith article, that: [Critics of the Book of Mormon often argue that no evidence exists for contact between the ancient Near East and the Americas. Accordingly, proof of such contact would demolish a principal objection to Joseph Smith’s prophetic claims. If the thesis of Brian Stubbs’ "Exploring the Explanatory Power of Semitic and Egyptian in Uto-Aztecan" is correct, he has furnished precisely that proof.] On the other hand, former LDS general authority Brigham Henry Roberts, is noted as suggesting in developing facts: [That there is no connection between the American languages and the language of any people of the Old World. New World languages appear to be indigenous to the New World.] Brigham Young University, in Book of Mormon Language, also states: [The language of the Book of Mormon exhibits features typical of a translation from an ancient Near Eastern text as well as the stamp of nineteenth-century English and the style of the King James Version (KJV) of the Bible. . . . In light of these two passages, it is evident that Nephite record keepers knew Hebrew and something of Egyptian. It is unknown whether Nephi, Mormon, or Moroni wrote Hebrew in modified Egyptian characters or inscribed their plates in both the Egyptian language and Egyptian characters or whether Nephi wrote in one language and Mormon and Moroni, who lived some nine hundred years later, in another. The mention of "characters" called "reformed Egyptian" tends to support the hypothesis of Hebrew in Egyptian script. Although Nephi's observation (1 Ne. 1:2) is troublesome for that view, the statement is ambiguous and inconclusive for both views.] From a genealogical research standpoint, a clear and correct solution to the above presented issues is derived, using the following primary source data:
(1) The brother of Jared [beheld all the inhabitants of the earth from the beginning to the end; and he learned many other sacred things, which he was commanded to record in a cryptic language, sealed up to come forth in the "due time" of the Lord (Ether 3:24;4:1-2).]
(2) [Few people have seen the sealed record—for instance, the Nephites in the land Bountiful at the Savior’s coming (see Ether 4:1–2) and Moroni (see Ether 12:24).]
(3) Jesus Christ prays for the people; [he himself also knelt upon the earth; and behold he prayed unto the Father, and the things which he prayed cannot be written, and the multitude did bear record who heard him].. . . (Again) . . . [And tongue cannot speak the words which he prayed, neither can be written by man the words which he prayed.] . . . (Furthermore) . . . [And he did expound all things, even from the beginning until the time that he should come in his glory—yea, even all things which should come upon the face of the earth, even until the elements should melt with fervent heat, and the earth should be wrapt together as a scroll, and the heavens and the earth should pass away; . . . And now there cannot be written in this book even a hundredth part of the things which Jesus did truly teach unto the people;] . . .
(4) [And after Christ truly had showed himself unto his people he commanded that they should be made manifest.]
(5) Moroni notes: [And thou hast made us that we could write but little, because of the awkwardness of our hands. Behold, thou hast not made us mighty in writing like unto the brother of Jared, for thou madest him that the things which he wrote were mighty even as thou art, unto the overpowering of man to read them.]
CONCLUSIONS:
A. 1: [That there is no connection between the American languages and the language of any people of the Old World. New World languages appear to be indigenous to the New World.] Reason: Because after the coming of Jesus Christ to the New World, about A.D. 34, the remaining people in the region of Bountiful [about two thousand and five hundred souls; and they did consist of men, women, and children], were taught a new (Adamic) language, recorded in a cryptic language, that was neither Hebrew, nor Egyptian, or any other ancient Near East surviving language format. Descending, reconfigured Hebrew and Egyptian languages go at least back to Abraham in Egypt and Joseph in Egypt, as Pharaoh gave to Joseph in Egypt, Asenath to marry, she being the daughter of the priest Potipherah, of the Ancient Egyptian town of On.
A. 2: The Gospel of Jesus Christ and the brother of Jared (Adamic) Language were spread throughout all of North America and South America, by disciples of Jesus Christ in the Americas; this included special witnesses: The Three Nephites. [The four other groups that the Three Nephites would minister to are the Gentiles, the Jews, the scattered tribes of Israel, and all nations, kindreds, tongues, and people (3 Nephi 28:27–29).] Therefore, any and all people who migrated to the American continents, who came here, besides groups with Lehi. Mulek, the brother of Jared, or any post Noah flood and pre-Peleg residents, were all converted unto the Lord, as part of the inclusion within the land of Zion.
A. 3: [And they taught, and did minister one to another; and they had all things common among them, every man dealing justly, one with another.] This included having ONE common language among them; as all converted unto the Lord.
A. 4: After the people [had multiplied, insomuch that they were spread upon all the face of the land, and that they had become exceedingly rich, because of their prosperity in Christ,] in the year A.D. 201, they did not have their goods and their substance no more common among them. ITEM: This was the beginning, from a historical standpoint, when "some 1500 Native American languages that belong to 170-plus different language families", began to be established and formed; taken from multi-fractured combinations of Adamic, and Nephite Hebrew-Egyptian reformulated data sets, in particular.
A. 5: They began to be divided into classes and into different trade groups and organizations, with parallel variations in language groups, when two hundred and ten years had passed away, continuing on through two hundred and thirty years.
A. 6: There [was another church which denied the Christ; and they did persecute the true church of Christ], and did devise different secret oaths and sign languages to hide their evil acts and deeds, and support their secret activities.
A. 7: In [the two hundred and thirty and first year, there was a great division among the people,] and normal civil conversations were discontinued, insomuch that the children of wickedness were taught falsely to hate the children of God. Historically, this is similar to modern day [Palestinians who are willing to send their own children to their deaths in the name of (an anti Israel) Jihad.] Includes propaganda used to promote hatred and intolerance within language affiliations.
A. 8. A huge linguistic variety exists in the Americas, because, after two hundred and sixty years had passed, the wicked part of the people began again to build up the secret oaths and combinations and the ancient languages of Gadianton, going all the way back to the combinations of Cain.
A. 9: When three hundred years had passed away, robbers of Gadianton spread over all the face of the land, in North America and South America, [And gold and silver did they lay up in store in abundance, and did traffic in all manner of traffic.]
A 10: When three hundred and twenty years had passed away, Ammaron [did hide up the records which were sacred—yea, even all the sacred records which had been handed down from generation to generation, which were sacred—even until the three hundred and twentieth year from the coming of Christ.] This means, in A.D. 320, the remaining Lamanites, and Lemuelites, and Ishmaelites, and Nephites, and Jacobites, and Josephites, and Zoramites, or, in other words, SEVEN, yes, seven (7), linguistic tribal units were established, who were in the same sad condition as the former MULEKITES; having their own SEVEN (7) languages and traditions now being in the process of distortion "in the absence of historical documents."
A. 11: [The whole face of the land had become covered with buildings, and the people were as numerous almost, as it were the sand of the sea], about A.D. 321-326, when there began to be a war beginning in the borders of Zarahemla, when there were sorceries, and witchcrafts, and magics; all these causing significant disruptions in education and training, in language acquisition and preservation, in the destruction of property and records and histories and family remembrances; [and it was one complete revolution throughout all the face of the land]; and no man could keep that which was his own (records, etc.), [for the thieves, and the robbers, and the murderers, and the magic art, and the witchcraft which was in the land.]
A. 12: [And the day cometh that the words of the book which were sealed shall be read upon the house tops; and they shall be read by the power of Christ; and all things shall be revealed unto the children of men which ever have been among the children of men, and which ever will be even unto the end of the earth.] This reading will place the Gentiles in the same state as ancient knowledgeable Nephites, and bring down the curses in the Book of Revelation, in the Bible, upon those who repent not; because the things which Mahonri Moriacumer wrote were mighty even as Jesus Christ is Mighty, even unto the overpowering of man to read them. Only the Heathen that are not educated will be preserved by the grace and mercy of Jehovah. [And then shall the heathen nations be redeemed, and they that knew no law shall have part in the first resurrection; and it shall be tolerable for them.]
https://www.fairmormon.org/conference/august-2016/changes-languages-nephi-now
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/danpeterson/2016/08/changes-in-languages-from-nephi-to-now.html
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865681107/Near-Eastern-languages-in-ancient-America.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguistics_and_the_Book_of_Mormon
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Book_of_Mormon_Language
https://www.lds.org/new-era/2011/10/to-the-point/what-is-the-sealed-portion-of-the-book-of-mormon-and-will-we-ever-know-whats-in-it?lang=eng
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-3-nephi-9-30-my-gospel/16-three-nephites-and-doctrine-translation
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/45
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/volume-10-number-3-2009/internal-evidence-widespread-literacy-book-mormon

The Garth Norman Maps do not begin, unfortunately, with the primary map anchor, given in the Book of Mormon itself. It is a cardinal rule of professional genealogical research, to begin with the known, and proceed from there to the "unknown". The Book of Mormon states, point blank: [“I looked,” testified the prophet Nephi, “and beheld a man among the Gentiles, who was separated from the seed of my brethren by the many waters; and I beheld the Spirit of God, that it came down and wrought upon the man; and he went forth upon the many waters, even unto the seed of my brethren, who were in the promised land” (1 Nephi 13:12).] We, all on this list, must know then, that by simple logic, every contact made by Columbus in the Americas, was among "the seed of my brethren, who were in the promised land". American Archaeology Magazine Summer 2017 issue, dated Jun 8, 2017, shows "Comity In The Caves", by Julian Smith. [When Christopher Columbus visited the Isla de Mona, located halfway between Puerto Rico and Hispaniola, in 1494, he found its indigenous residents fishing and farming, part of a thriving Taíno culture that spread across much of the Caribbean.] Smithsonian says: [Their world, which had its origins among the Arawak tribes of the Orinoco Delta, gradually spread from Venezuela across the Antilles in waves of voyaging and settlement begun around 400 B.C. Mingling with people already established in the Caribbean, they developed self-sufficient communities on the island of Hispaniola, in what is now Haiti and the Dominican Republic; in Jamaica and eastern Cuba; in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the Bahamas.] This ties specifically the ancestry to the Orinoco Delta of Venezuela, as well as to the Arawak tribes. There should be absolutely no question, if one believes in the Book of Mormon, as "truth", that the attached link of the United Confederation of Taino People is an exact look into living descendants of Book of Mormon "seed of my brethren, who were in the promised land". These KNOWN Lamanites: "They were aware of a Divine presence whom they called Yocahu [Yo-ca-hu / Je-ho-vah | Ya-h-weh] and to worship and give thanks was a major part of their lives." The [Manicato Taíno Cultural Center located in Lancaster, Pennsylvania is dedicated to educate people, preserve our rich cultural history through arts, language, music, literature, and traditions while honoring our Taíno ancestors of the Caribbean.] Trending scholarly research notes by Richard Thornton: [If you have Southeastern indigenous ancestry (from any of the tribes, including the Cherokees) the chances are very high that you have some Arawak ancestry.  As I mentioned in a recent article, the word Tennessee is the Anglicization of the Creek word, which means “Descendants of the Taino.” There is a Taino hilltop shrine and dance ground in Sweetwater Creek State Park in Southwest Metro Atlanta . . . very close to Six Flags Over Georgia.] [His fellowship coordinator in Mexico was Dr. Román Piña Chán, then Director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia de Mexico . . . later Director of the Institutio Nacional de Antropologia E Historia.  Today,  Piña Chán is considered to have been one of the greatest archeological minds of the 20th century.  It was also Piña Chán, who first suggested to Richard that there had been extensive contacts between the Mayas, Teotihuacanos, Toltecs and indigenous peoples of the Southeast.] [When French traders, surveyors and marines explored the interior of Southeastern North America in the 1680s and 1690s, they encountered tribes, villages and rivers with South American names.] Send in drones (the clouds for tears of joy or sorrow), the drums, the drum beats. Dance to the tune of all of the ancient and modern prophets who have testified concerning the historical reality of the Book of Mormon, and that the testimony, written in his own blood, of Joseph Smith, Jr., is true and factual and accurate. The American Hemispheric model is now vindicated. By the way, just as Columbus had "the Spirit of God, that it came down and wrought upon the man"; so too, did the Spirit of God come down upon the man, Ethan Smith, inspired in part, to write a connective Indian link in "View of the Hebrews". [Smith attempted to rescue Indians from the contemporary myth of mound builders being a separate race by making the indigenous people "potential converts worthy of salvation." "If our natives be indeed from the tribes of Israel," Smith wrote, "American Christians may well feel, that one great object of their inheritance here, is, that they may have a primary agency in restoring those 'lost sheep of the house of Israel.'"] This is similar to the God of Heaven establishing a free people, and the joint presentation of the Constitution of the United States of America, by inspired, but non-LDS Founders, in preparation for translation of the Book of Mormon into English; also, in bringing about the establishment of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints upon the earth.
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865611153/Columbus-among-the-Nephites.html
http://www.archaeologicalconservancy.org/comity-in-the-caves/
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/people-places/what-became-of-the-taino-73824867/
https://www.facebook.com/United-Confederation-of-Taino-People-53905785910/
http://yukayekemanicato.weebly.com/manicato-taiacuteno-cultural-center.html
https://www.google.com/search?q=Yocahu&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjbg-7qjMTVAhVI0WMKHY9bD5wQsAQIMQ&biw=1600&bih=791
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yahweh
https://peopleofonefire.com/outstanding-film-on-the-taino-by-the-government-of-puerto-rico.html
https://peopleofonefire.com/rthornton.html
https://peopleofonefire.com/hidden_world_comes_to_the_light.html
https://peopleofonefire.com/map-of-north-carolina-kentucky-tennessee-and-virginia-showing-south-americans.html
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-authorship-new-light-ancient-origins/1-b-h-roberts-and-book-mormon
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/View_of_the_Hebrews
http://www.bmaf.org/articles/garth_norman_map__pratt

Ancient historical geography, is corrected by Book of Mormon time periods, during the destruction that occurred during the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Namely, "The Caribbean Islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico are formed by east-west mountains." It is clearly, but time-wise, incorrectly stated by Britannica: [The shape and alignment of the Greater Antilles are determined by an ancient chain of folded and faulted mountains that in Cretaceous times [ABSURDLY WRONG] extended from Central America through the Caribbean. Running west-east, this system is now mostly submerged by the Atlantic and the Caribbean, but remnants of it are visible in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica and in the Sierra de los Órganos and the Sierra Maestra in Cuba. Duarte Peak, in the Dominican Republic, another component of this range, rises to 10,417 feet (3,175 metres) and is the highest point in the Caribbean. Besides interior mountain peaks, each Greater Antillean island has an encircling coastal plain.] Now, using the word "exactly", [Hispaniola is the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, founded by Christopher Columbus on his voyages in 1492 and 1493.] Under Etymology: [The island was called by various names by its native people, the Taíno Amerindians. No known Taíno texts survive, hence, historical evidence for those names comes to us through three Spanish historians: Pietro Martyr d‘Anghiera, Bartolomé de las Casas, and Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo. Fernández de Oviedo and de las Casas both recorded that the island was called Haiti ("Mountainous Land") by the Taíno.] There is no "pre-historic". "The land of Egypt being first discovered by a woman, . . . When this woman discovered the land it was under water, who afterward settled her sons in it; . . . " Why was "the land of Egypt" under water? After the flood, was the land of Egypt more gentle in slopes? Currently: The altitude of Egypt ranges from 133 m (436 ft) below sea level in the Libyan Desert to 2,629 m (8,625 ft) above in the Sinai Peninsula. Continuing: "Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south." "Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth;" "For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; " "Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:" "when thou shalt unveil the heavens, and cause the mountains to flow down at thy presence, and the valleys to be exalted, the rough places made smooth; that thy glory may fill the earth;" And in particular, "And it shall be a voice as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder, which shall break down the mountains, and the valleys shall not be found. He shall command the great deep, and it shall be driven back into the north countries, and the islands shall become one land; And the land of Jerusalem and the land of Zion shall be turned back into their own place, and the earth shall be like as it was in the days before it was divided." NOTE: It does not say, before the days of the flood, it says, "and the earth shall be like as it was in the days before it was divided." There is no question in my mind, in my heart, in my whole soul, as a genealogical research specialist, that there is but one way of interpreting these records, all combined together; namely, the earth before the days of Peleg was not full of mountains and valleys as we now define them. The land of Egypt was under water, when discovered by a woman, because of its overall flatness, as also testified by the Book of Mormon of the attached American continents; in the actual physical appearance of the area of Adam-ondi-Ahman, as well as other information that can be found in handed down Jewish commentaries. "Geologists have noted changes in topography," that do NOT conform; the digital elevation model (DEM), historically, the complex spatial modelling and analysis to be performed, is NOT true to the words of Jesus Christ. It is therefore FALSE to say there is a correct "system of chronological measurement based on the study of the planet's rock layers (stratigraphy)", when it absolutely counters the words of Jesus Christ, going back only a few thousand years. It is not because of what I think or review, it is because the only person who has ever lived in this world who has the actual knowledge to know, even the King of the Jews, the very Creator, says so. I would recommend, on the authority of the revealed words of Jesus Christ, to Latter-day Saints, to the Brigham Young University Department of Geological Sciences, that it should do computer modelling according to the words of Jehovah. Brigham Young University can never lead the world from behind, or by following in the footsteps of the iron grasp of falsely constructed, godless, scientific traditions. One needs to be valiant, not be "Mormons" in name only, who only believe superficially, hypocritically, (and thus act irrationally, and perform contrary to their own stated belief systems), and go back to Louis Bourguet (1678-1742), listed in Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. XV, published by the American Council of Learned Societies, . . . In speaking about a theory of Earth Bourguet intended a rational reconstruction of its history and dynamic causality, which he claimed to deduce solely from his observations. He declared that all parts of Earth as it is presently constituted are more or less coeval, (having the same age or date of origin; contemporary) dating from the time of the Flood. This deluge was not a supernatural miracle, but the amplification of normal processes ... Bourguet elaborated a genuine theory of orogeny (a process in which a section of the earth's crust is folded and deformed by lateral compression to form a mountain range.) ... Mountains were formed near the end of the grand changement (or renovation of the Earth by the Flood) when the flat-lying, concentric new strata, rebuilt from the dissolution of the ancient word, began to harden. The acceleration of the earth's rotation then induced an upward thrust, or dynamic direction d' elevation . He explained the differing local arrangement of the strata by the variable degree of consolidation at the start. Furthermore, he attributed their more or less regular conformity to the earth's motion and to the general and particular orientation of the chain being formed. Such considerations point directly to the ideas of H. B. De Saussure. (DSB).] THESE IDEAS closely match the words of Son Ahman, given through the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., in the Pearl of Great Price, the Doctrine and Covenants, the Book of Mormon, and the Bible; given over a hundred years after the intelligent leadership and "groundwork", laid down by a wise, humble French geologist and naturalist. Brigham Young University will then become truly learned in the Book of Mormon, and the geography of the book will be manifested.
https://www.britannica.com/place/West-Indies-island-group-Atlantic-Ocean
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispaniola
https://www.facebook.com/notes/thomas-milton-tinney-sr/biblical-genealogies-god-is-all-knowing-evolution-and-big-bang-atheism/160936413942369

It should also be noted that President Joseph Smith, Jr., obtained, and possessed, and actively used a Urim and Thummim, BEFORE he was physically baptized with water; when, Joseph Smith, Jr. and Oliver Cowdery baptized each other on May 15, 1829; in fact, Joseph Smith, Jr., (as a NON-MEMBER apostle, having the Melchizedek Priesthood restored to him, in May, 1829, as he was not an actual member in good standing {sustained Elder}), in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, until April 6, 1830. Indeed, all of the Book of Mormon, (including the lost 116 pages of manuscript), were translated and surviving records published, prior to this time. [The first copies of the Book of Mormon appeared on the shelves of E. B. Grandin’s bookstore on March 26, 1830.] This is why it is mentioned by Joseph Smith, Jr.; that: [He said that every man who lived on the earth was entitled to a seerstone, and should have one, but they are kept from them in consequence of their wickedness, and most of those who do find one make an evil use of it; he showed us his seerstone.] [The president (Bishops) of the priests has a right to the Urim and Thummim, which gives revelation. - Page 285 - Self-Guidance by Revelation]. Joseph Smith, Jr., by his heritage, was a natural born prophet and seer. Smith Family heirs of Church Patriarch Joseph Smith, Sr., and relatives, if ever sustained AGAIN in the future, by the faithfulness of the LDS Church membership, via their possession of Urim and Thummim, will have power to reveal genealogies back to Adam and Eve, initiating all Temple Ordinance Work needed, for all mankind, recorded in restored records previously written and sealed in books, by Adam, Enoch, Mahonri Moriacumer, etc.; all through the Spirit, Power, and Calling of Elijah. [that ye have power to hold the key of the revelation, ordinances, oracles, powers and endowments of the fullness of the Melchizedek Priesthood and of the kingdom of God on the earth; and to receive, obtain, and perform all the ordinances belonging to the kingdom of God, even unto the turning of the hearts of the fathers unto the children, and the hearts of the children unto the fathers, even those who are in heaven.]; this did not occur until later, in the Kirtland, Ohio Temple, Sunday, March 27, 1836. [Joseph Smith, (Jr.,) the Prophet and Seer of the Lord, has done more, save Jesus only, for the salvation of men in this world, than any other man that ever lived in it.] Joseph Smith, Jr. was a similitude of Jesus Christ. He never harmed any man from the moment he was born in the world; also, the Holy Ghost spoke always through him as the voice of peace. Posterity of Joseph Smith, Sr.: as Prophets, Seers, and Revelators, continue in the birthright blessing, being pure Ephraimites.
http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/MSHBY.html
https://byustudies.byu.edu/content/volume-7-chapter-23
https://www.lds.org/manual/teachings-joseph-smith/chapter-26?lang=eng

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ZARAHEMLA and THE RIVER SIDON: The scenario presented in the Book of Mormon took place throughout all of North America and South America. [It is exceedingly clear, from a genealogical research standpoint; that Chapter 8 of 3rd Nephi, is a recital of damage in the Americas, beginning with the Nephite main capital City of Zarahemla, in South America, and proceeding forth up into the highways and roads, and the generic cities of North America.] Nephi saw, or [beheld many generations pass away, after the manner of wars and contentions in the land; and I beheld many cities, yea, even that I did not number them. And it came to pass that I saw a mist of darkness on the face of the land of promise; and I saw lightnings, and I heard thunderings, and earthquakes, and all manner of tumultuous noises; and I saw the earth and the rocks, that they rent; and I saw mountains tumbling into pieces; and I saw the plains of the earth, that they were broken up; and I saw many cities that they were sunk; and I saw many that they were burned with fire; and I saw many that did tumble to the earth, because of the quaking thereof.] From a genealogical research standpoint, location is also established, in that Nephi "saw a mist of darkness on the face of the land of promise". In the Book of Mormon, the total promised land spoken of is the total land mass of North America and South America. The Land of Zion was covered with a mist of darkness, upon all of the face thereof, according to Nephi's vision. From a genealogical research standpoint, location is additionally established, by a third witness, in that the [land called Moron, was located somewhere near and north of what would later be called the Nephite "narrow neck of land."] "Now the land of Moron, where the king dwelt, was near the land which is called Desolation by the Nephites." [And the Lord warned Omer in a dream that he should depart out of the land; wherefore Omer departed out of the land with his family, and traveled many days, (up through the North American Continent) and came over and passed by the hill of Shim, and came over by the place where the Nephites were destroyed, (area of Hill Cumorah) and from thence eastward, and came to a place which was called Ablom, by the seashore (Atlantic Ocean).] So the seat of the Government of the Jaredites was located within [the (present day) Middle American mainland (which) comprises the tapering, isthmian tract of the American landmass between the southern Rocky Mountains in the southern United States and the northern tip of the Andes in Colombia, separating the Pacific Ocean on the west and the Atlantic Ocean (viz. the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea) on the east, while the Greater and Lesser Antilles form an island arc in the east.] When "Mormon, seeing that the Lamanites were about to overthrow the land, therefore I did go to the hill Shim, and did take up all the records which Ammaron had hid up unto the Lord"; wagon-loads were loaded and carried forth from there, and conveyed and placed into the Hill Cumorah, taking a similar route, noted in the record concerning the travels of Omer. All current known evidence suggests that the Hill Shim was the former resting place of records of the Ancients, in the land area of Adam-Ondi-Ahman, as noted in "A chart, and description of Moroni’s travels through this country." It is visually noted on the map as being the lower part of a two-fold Nephite exodus movement, of families going via a more northerly route, being protected by strategically placed, southern flanks of military personnel, represented by what appears to be a convex hypotenuse of an upside down right triangle. From a genealogical research standpoint, location is additionally established, by a fourth witness, in that Mormon and Moroni appear to have known extensive Astronomy, including the North American Autumnal | Fall | September Equinox, occurring on the 22nd or 23rd September, when the tilt of the Earth, with respect to the Sun, is 0°, with "day" and "night" almost equal to 12 hours each. While it is autumn time in the Northern hemisphere, it is spring time in the Southern hemisphere; the Vernal Equinox | Spring Equinox; covering the total Hemispheric Model. Mormon, appointed leader of the armies of the people of Nephi, fought within the northern (Equator) portions of South America; withdrawing thereafter, with his son Moroni, up into regions of the North American Continent.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/8
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/1-ne/12.3-4?lang=eng#p3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River_Sidon
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-fourth-nephi-through-moroni-zion-destruction/18-moroni-last-nephite-prophets
https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/policy/army/fm/6-2/fig5-12.gif
Journal of Discourses 14 (11 Feb. 1872), pp. 324-331, 333
http://jod.mrm.org/14/323
Appendix: Orson Pratt,
A[n] Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions, 1840, Page 2
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/appendix-orson-pratt-an-interesting-account-of-several-remarkable-visions-1840/2#full-transcript
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/js-h/1.29-59?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/moroni-son-of-mormon?lang=eng

Joseph Fielding Smith has remarked: "We have accepted the standard works as the measuring yardsticks or balances, by which we measure every man's doctrine." (Doctrines of Salvation, Vol. 3, pp. 203-204) Book of Mormon peoples are found in North, Central and South America. I maintain that the scenario presented in the Book of Mormon took place throughout all of North America and South America; that all restricted regional constructions are detrimental to obtaining a true testimony of the Book of Mormon; that scientific proof is found, when using primary sources, for time-line calculations, based first upon the words of Jesus Christ, as contained in LDS Authorized Scriptures. Note: The testimony within the Book of Mormon, and the history of how it was given, along with the loss of 116 manuscript pages, clearly indicates that specific geographic connections were intentionally left out, under the direction of the Holy Ghost, because of known and prophetically foreseen, future Gentile avarice. Geography remained limited in scope, by its compilers, to protect archaeological and historical remains of Lehite and Jaredite civilizations. Historically, there have been tremendously insensitive Gentile depredations in the Americas, via land and property "self-help" grabs or repossessions, Lamanite removals, (resulting in great tribal decimation), random diggings, (such as that performed on the Hill Cumorah), indiscriminate treasure and artifact hunting, acquisition of relics to obtain proof of Book of Mormon divine authenticity, tourism, etc. A classic example, even by early members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is found in the Zelph remains being disinterred by members of Zion's Camp. "The whole of our journey, in the midst of so large a company of social honest and sincere men, wandering over the plains of the Nephites, recounting occasionally the history of the Book of Mormon, roving over the mounds of that once beloved people of the Lord, picking up their skulls & their bones, as a proof of its divine authenticity . . ."
https://www.lds.org/ensign/2011/10/who-wrote-the-book-of-mormon?lang=eng
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm
https://www.lds.org/manual/church-history-in-the-fulness-of-times-student-manual/chapter-twelve-zions-camp?lang=eng
Doctrine & Covenants Section 77
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/77
Volume 6 - Appendix D | Step By Step Through the Book of Mormon
http://stepbystep.alancminer.com/node/2176

"And the land which was appointed was the land of Zarahemla, and the land which was between the land Zarahemla and the land Bountiful, yea, to the line which was between the land Bountiful and the land Desolation. And there were a great many thousand people who were called Nephites, who did gather themselves together in this land. Now Lachoneus did cause that they should gather themselves together in the land southward, because of the great curse which was upon the land northward." Recently, hurricane Irma causes devastation across the Caribbean, and left Bermuda uninhabitable. Compare with the Book of Mormon in written context: . . . "And it came to pass in the thirty and fourth year, in the first month, on the fourth day of the month, there arose a great storm, such an one as never had been known in all the land. (Note: From a genealogical research standpoint, this indicates that the descendants of Lehi were keeping weather related records, since they arrived in the Americas, and that they were an agriculturally oriented society.) . . . And there was a great and terrible destruction in the land southward. But behold, there was a more great and terrible destruction in the land northward; for behold, the whole face of the land was changed, because of the tempest and the whirlwinds, and the thunderings and the lightnings, and the exceedingly great quaking of the whole earth; . . . And there were some who were carried away in the whirlwind; and whither they went no man knoweth, save they know that they were carried away. . . . And thus the face of the whole earth became deformed, because of the tempests, and the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the quaking of the earth." In the language of today's science, numerous hurricanes of at least Category 5 size were formed, and ravaged both in the land north and the land south, with global plate tectonic movement, in particular, within, around, and about the North American Continent. It is the testimony of the Book of Mormon, that in North America, earthquakes were occurring within the continental lithosphere, where deformations were spread out over a much larger area than the plate boundary itself. This was a significant, one-time event, as internal continental crust was being destroyed by plate tectonic processes. On the other hand, the South American continental damage appears to have been more localized between The Caribbean Plate, the North Andes Plate (causing the shift in direction of the River Sidon / Orinoco River), and the South American Plate. It is easy to understand the Book of Mormon geography, as found in Alma 22:27–35 and Alma 50:1–36, once it is recognized that what we define today, as the region of the Muisca Confederation, with connective areas via the Magdalena River, to the Pacific Ocean, maps back to: "the more idle part of the Lamanites lived in the wilderness, and dwelt in tents; and they were spread through the wilderness on the west, in the land of Nephi; yea, and also on the west of the land of Zarahemla, in the borders by the seashore, and on the west in the land of Nephi, in the place of their fathers’ first inheritance, and thus bordering along by the seashore". This is the linchpin, from a genealogical research standpoint, which puts in proper perspective: "And it came to pass that the (Lamanite) king sent a proclamation throughout all the land, amongst all his people who were in all his land, who were in all the regions round about, which was bordering even to the sea, on the east and on the west, and which was divided from the land of Zarahemla by a narrow strip of wilderness, which ran from the sea east even to the sea west, and round about on the borders of the seashore, and the borders of the wilderness which was on the north by the land of Zarahemla, through the borders of Manti, by the head of the river Sidon, running from the east towards the west—and thus were the Lamanites and the Nephites divided." Since the Book of Mormon is true, its geographic validity can be determined by sincere prayer; [especially about things the knowledge of which men ought to obtain in all sincerity, before God, for themselves, in humility by the prayer of faith].
https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrine-and-covenants-student-manual/sections-1-9/section-9-your-bosom-shall-burn-within-you?lang=eng
https://byustudies.byu.edu/content/volume-1-chapter-24

I note that about 73–72 B.C., [Moroni, who was the chief commander of the armies of the Nephites]; [prayed mightily unto his God for the blessings of liberty to rest upon his brethren, so long as there should a band of Christians remain to possess the land--]; [And it came to pass that when he had poured out his soul to God, he named all the land which was south of the land Desolation, yea, and in fine, all the land, both on the north and on the south--A chosen land, and the land of liberty.]; and, [that we shall be destroyed, even as our brethren in the land northward]; also, the Amalickiahites [departed into the land of Nephi (where the Lamanites resided).] So Moroni, [took his army and marched out with his tents into the wilderness, to cut off the course of Amalickiah in the wilderness.] And, Moroni, [marched forth into the wilderness, and headed the armies of Amalickiah.] [And it came to pass that Amalickiah fled with a small number of his men, and the remainder were delivered up into the hands of Moroni and were taken back into the land of Zarahemla.] Moroni also [caused the title of liberty to be hoisted upon every tower which was in all the land, which was possessed by the Nephites]. Elder Orson Pratt suggested, according to current geological formations, that: [Nephi built and located his little colony, soon after their landing on the western coast of South America. After landing, and after the death of his father Lehi, Nephi was commanded of God to take those who would believe in the Most High, and flee out from his brethren. And they traveled many days' journey to the northward, and located in a land which they called the Land of Nephi, and dwelt there some four hundred years. And then because of the wickedness of the people they were threatened with a great destruction. The Lord led Mosiah out of the Land of Nephi, and led him still further north, some twenty days' journey, and they located on the river Sidon, now called Magdalena [NOT SO, from a genealogical research standpoint; however, the Bogota River plunges off the savanna at the Tequendama Falls. It then follows a steep course, . . . , to join the Magdalena River at Girardot. {The Panches were a nation of the Caribe linguistic family and dominated the western part of the Cundinamarca department, reaching to the valleys of the Magdalena River in Tolima. They were divided into different communities, known as the Tocaimas, Anapuimas, Suitamas, Lachimíes, Anolaimas and Síquimas Chapaimas.} {In the national territory, on the banks and tributaries of the Magdalena waterway and other important rivers, large groups were accentuated that would form later, as between 400 a. n. e. (B.C.) and. to 500 d. n. e. companies like the Pijao, Panche, Pantágoras, Muzo, Chocoes and Colima, all of Caribbean descent.}], which runs from the south to the north].
http://jod.mrm.org/16/47
https://thecitypaperbogota.com/features/the-lost-panches/2027
https://openlibrary.org/books/OL13072896M/Los_Panches_-_LOS_INCONQUISTABLES_PANCHES_DEL_MAGDALENA._por_%C3%81ngel_Mart%C3%ADnez_T._Los_Panches

Continuing: [And there they found a people called the people of Zarahemla. And some of the Nephites desired to return to the Land of Nephi, which they did. In about a century afterwards, there being no communication between the colonies, they sent out a number of men to see if they could find the people of Zarahemla. And they were lost, and came to a part of a country covered with bones.] The book, Down the Orinoco in a Canoe, published in 1902, notes: [A little geography may not be amiss here. A glance at the map will show that the city of Bogotá is situated upon a vast plateau, at an altitude of about 8,500 feet above sea-level, 4 degrees from the equator, and 75 degrees to the west of Greenwich. Its position in the continent is central. It is perched like a nest high up in the mountains. To reach the ocean, and thus the outer world, the inhabitants of Bogotá are even now still compelled to have recourse to quite primitive methods; true, there are some apologies for railways starting northward, southward and westward, but in some cases their impetus ends as soon as they reach the end of the plain, and in others long before attaining that distance. Once the railway journey finished--which does not exceed two or three hours on any of the lines--the traveller has to content himself with the ancient and slow method of riding, mostly mule riding. The ground is so broken and the roads are so bad that horses could not cross them as safely as that thoughtful, meditative, and much-maligned animal the mule. After covering a distance of some ninety to one hundred miles westward, the traveller reaches the town of Honda, which lies on the Magdalena River. Here steam-boats are to be found, stern-wheeled, shallow-bottomed, drawing no more than from 2½ to 3 feet, in which, within four or five days, he makes the journey down to the sea-coast. The map of the country would seem to show that the easiest way from the capital to the ocean would be towards the Pacific, and as the crow flies such is the case; but between Bogotá and the Pacific Ocean the Andes, at some period of their youth, must have frolicked and gambolled amongst themselves and lost their way home, so that they now form the most rugged country imaginable. Geographers, with that thirst for classification that afflicts—or should I rather say animates?—men of science, speak of two or three chains of mountains. The average man, however, who has to travel over that country, conceives his task as corresponding to a start made from one end of a huge comb, following the developments of it from the root to the point of each tooth until Providence and Nature take pity on him, and land him, so to speak, on the sea-shore.] . . . This was the land of the Chibchas, who formed an empire second only to that of the Incas of Peru and the Aztecs of Mexico. They had a religion--by no means a bad one as religions went amongst the American aborigines--they had their code of laws, their division of time, their rules and codes in all matters appertaining to family life and administration of government; they tilled the soil, they believed in the immortality of the soul, they reverenced their dead, and practised barter according to well-defined laws.] Compare: [And it came to pass that Moroni caused that his armies should go forth into the east wilderness; yea, and they went forth and drove all the Lamanites who were in the east wilderness into their own lands, which were south of the land of Zarahemla. And the land of Nephi did run in a straight course from the east sea to the west. And it came to pass that when Moroni had driven all the Lamanites out of the east wilderness, which was north of the lands of their own possessions, he caused that the inhabitants who were in the land of Zarahemla and in the land round about should go forth into the east wilderness, even to the borders by the seashore, and possess the land. And thus he cut off all the strongholds of the Lamanites in the east wilderness, yea, and also on the west, fortifying the line between the Nephites and the Lamanites, between the land of Zarahemla and the land of Nephi, from the west sea, running by the head of the river Sidon—the Nephites possessing all the land northward, yea, even all the land which was northward of the land Bountiful, according to their pleasure.] The Lamanite region specifically appears to match the area known as the Muisca Confederation. It is further confirmed that this is true, by a review of Spanish conquests. In particular, [This set many of the conquerors on the road to Bogotá. Don Sebastian de Belalcázar, who had entered the continent by the Pacific, led his troops--not over 200 in number at the end of the journey--to the Bogotá plateau, thus making a march of several hundred leagues across forest and mountains, attracted by the renown of the land of El Dorado. Another expedition which had entered the continent by the north-east coast of the Atlantic, and had wandered along the Orinoco Valley for over two years, eventually found itself near the plateau, and entered it, so that, shortly after his arrival into the country and his conquest of it, Quesada found himself confronted with two powerful rivals. For the moment there was great danger that the conquerors might come to blows amongst themselves, but Quesada’s political ability matched his military gifts, and arrangements were soon made by which the three expeditions were merged into one, gold and emeralds distributed amongst the soldiers, numerous offices created, taxes established, the Indians and their belongings distributed amongst the Christian conquerors, and the reign of civilization established to the greater glory of God, and that of his beloved monarch, the King of all the Spains.] This matches the Book of Mormon Lamanite-Nephite conflict areas, connected to Caño Cristales river, flowing into the Guayabero River, which is part of the Orinoco River {river Sidon} basin. [Caño Cristales, in the wildest depths of the country’s interior, was less of a must-see – more a mustn’t see. It’s in the heart of what was Farc guerrilla territory, so instead of being in the guidebooks’ lists of top attractions, the river spent much of the early 2000s on the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) warning list to avoid for “all-but-essential travel”.]
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/50506/50506-h/50506-h.htm
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Chibcha
http://www.ipsnews.net/2007/11/colombia-the-chibcha-culture-forgotten-but-still-alive/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muisca_Confederation#/media/File:Mapa_del_Territorio_Muisca.svg
https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2016/dec/10/colombia-cano-cristales-coloured-river-farc

Genealogical Reflections (Pictures): Revisiting "A Key for Evaluating Nephite Geographies", by John E. Clark, PhD, who lists on page 41, Figure 8. The Conceptualized Nephite World, with Zarahemla at its center. NOTE: It must be remembered, that about 92 B.C., "Mosiah had finished translating these (Jaredite) records, behold, it gave an account of the people who were destroyed, from the time that they were destroyed back to the building of the great tower, at the time the Lord confounded the language of the people and they were scattered abroad upon the face of all the earth, yea, and even from that time back until the creation of Adam." About 72–67 B.C. It is self-evident that "the Nephites possessing all the land northward, yea, even all the land which was northward of the land Bountiful, according to their pleasure" was an absolute necessity, for, "concerning their intentions to flee into the land northward" . . . "would lay a foundation for serious consequences among the people of Nephi, yea, which consequences would lead to the overthrow of their liberty." Why? Because the land of Desolation was not only covered with the bones of the dead, it was a literal junkyard-graveyard of battle gear and military breastplates, etc., that could be easily converted (forged; by heating and hammering; beat into shape) into conventional instruments of war, and thus lead to the overthrow of the armies of Moroni. This understanding completely negates any possibility of an open land access, Mesoamerican hypothesis. Between 49 and 39 B.C., reference is made to: "And it came to pass that they did multiply and spread, and did go forth from the land southward to the land northward, and did spread insomuch that they began to cover the face of the whole earth, from the sea south to the sea north, from the sea west to the sea east." Speaking of the phrases "whole earth", one would have to consider that the prophets had already publicly made available, the records of the Jaredites by these times, and thus, the history of the world back to the time of Adam and Eve, when geographically, Adam-ondi-Ahman was the actual, physical, geographical center, of one land mass, the "whole earth". Thus, in terms of the islands of the sea, the North American Continent and the South American Continent would have been noted to be surrounded by water; i.e., after the flood of Noah and the division of the earth shortly thereafter, during the days of Peleg, the sea north would have been the modern Arctic Ocean, the sea south, the Antarctic Ocean, the sea east the Atlantic Ocean with extensions (altered after the death of Christ) into the Caribbean Sea, and the sea west would of course be the Pacific Ocean. This is concrete geographical context, from a genealogical research standpoint. Between 20 and 7 B.C., reference is made to: "And thus it did come to pass that the people of Nephi began to prosper again in the land, and began to build up their waste places, and began to multiply and spread, even until they did cover the whole face of the land, both on the northward and on the southward, from the sea west to the sea east.". That there was a land of Zarahemla, the Zarahemla Basin, as well as a city of Zarahemla, (all located in South America, contiguous to the river Sidon {Orinoco River Basin}), further suggests historically, the land of Adam-ondi-Ahman, the Valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, (or Basin), as well as the city of Adam-ondi-Ahman; just as, [Cumorah in the Book of Mormon refers to a hill and surrounding area where the final battle between the Nephites and Lamanites took place.] [Hill Ramah | Hill Cumorah: "Oliver Cowdery and Joseph Smith were in the cave . . . It was about fifteen feet high." Therefore, the chamber was built high enough to accommodate Jaredites, who were large and mighty men of great stature. (Elizabeth Kane Journal, quoted in Dan Vogel ed. Early Mormon Documents, Vol. 3. SLC: Signature Books, 2000, pp. 407-408.)] This correctly places all areas into the Hemispheric model, only, with the region of the Hill Cumorah in western New York State (USA). Catastrophic principles chronologically apply to numerous areas of the actual Book of Mormon lands, about three years after the murder of the last chief judge in the land, in A.D. 30, as many localities became unrecognizable and altered at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ: [And there was a great and terrible destruction in the land southward], and [behold, there was a more great and terrible destruction in the land northward; for behold, the whole face of the land was changed, because of the tempest and the whirlwinds, and the thunderings and the lightnings, and the exceedingly great quaking of the whole earth]; also, [And thus the face of the whole earth became deformed, because of the tempests, and the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the quaking of the earth], and [behold, the rocks were rent in twain; they were broken up upon the face of the whole earth, insomuch that they were found in broken fragments, and in seams and in cracks, upon all the face of the land]. It does appear that the death of Jehovah was equivalent to the detonation of a primary fission bomb, causing the core of the Earth itself, to groan; (and the rocks were rent; and the saints arose, and were crowned at the right hand of the Son of Man, with crowns of glory); through the power of Jesus Christ, to become a pure fusion weapon, a thermonuclear reaction; thus, this causing tremendous global collateral damage, beginning at Jerusalem in Israel; stemming directly from willful wickedness of the living people on the earth, whom the earth then selectively destroyed, under the direction of Son Ahman; the earth abiding within the full laws of a celestial planet. "Behold, that great city Zarahemla have I burned with fire, and the inhabitants thereof"; also, the great city Jacobugath, the city of Laman, and Josh, and Gad, and Kishkumen, were burned with fire. Also, the city Moroni was sunk in the depths of the sea; the great city Moronihah was covered with earth, and became a great mountain; the city of Gilgal was sunk, and buried up in the depths of the earth; the cities of Onihah, Mocum, and Jerusalem, waters came up in the stead thereof; additionally, for the cities of Gadiandi, Gadiomnah, Jacob, and Gimgimno, they were sunk, and became hills and valleys in the places thereof. Highways were broken up, and the level roads were spoiled, and many smooth places became rough, in North America; great and notable cities were sunk, and many were burned, and many were shaken till the buildings thereof had fallen to the earth; and there were some cities which remained; but the damage thereof was exceedingly great, and there were many in them who were slain. It is exceedingly clear, from a genealogical research standpoint; that Chapter 8 of Third Nephi, is a recital of damage in the Americas, beginning with the Nephite main capital City of Zarahemla, in South America, and proceeding forth up into the highways and roads, and the generic cities of North America.
http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1846&context=msr
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/9
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/8?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/7?lang=eng
http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/orinoco_river_basin/

The core of the Earth itself, to groan, or to react at more localized surface areas; causing, or being caused by a pure fusion (pure faith in the Lord Jesus Christ), a thermonuclear reaction, appears to have occurred, or will occur, in one way, or another, shape, or form, under the Holy Priesthood after the Order of the Son of God. [Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.] Examples: (1) Enoch, [that he led the people of God, and their enemies came to battle against them; and he spake the word of the Lord, and the earth trembled, and the mountains fled, even according to his command; and the rivers of water were turned out of their course]; (2) The ascension of the City of Enoch, taken upwards, into the Heavens; (3) The Flood during the time of the prophet Noah; [Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered]; (4) “Melchizedek: Seeking After the Zion of Enoch” [Josephus, a Jewish historian who lived in the first century after Christ, knew of a tradition that Melchizedek, not Solomon, was the first person to build a temple of the Lord in Palestine. “Its [Salem’s] original founder was a Canaanite chief, called in the native tongue ‘Righteous King’ [or Melchizedek]; for such indeed he was. In virtue thereof he was the first to officiate as priest of God and, being the first to build the temple, gave the city, previously called Solyma [or Salem], the name of Jerusalem.”]; (5) The division of the earth during the days of Peleg; (6) [the brother of Jared said unto the mountain Zerin, Remove--and it was removed]; (7) [When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language; . . .The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back. The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs]: (8) [And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day]; (9) [Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down]; (10) About 544–421 B.C.: [Wherefore, we search the prophets, and we have many revelations and the spirit of prophecy; and having all these witnesses we obtain a hope, and our faith becometh unshaken, insomuch that we truly can command in the name of Jesus and the very trees obey us, or the mountains, or the waves of the sea]; (11) The mentioned crucifixion and death; the known Resurrection of Jesus Christ; (12) In the near future: [Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth]; And all flesh shall see the salvation of God; also, the future ascension of the Saints of God at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ; [when thou shalt unveil the heavens, and cause the mountains to flow down at thy presence, and the valleys to be exalted, the rough places made smooth; that thy glory may fill the earth]; [And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.] These items, and related events of similar magnitude, must be inculcated into accurate, viable, Book of Mormon scientific evaluations, to establish true archaeological radioactive carbon dating periods.
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/sperry-symposium-classics-old-testament/melchizedek-seeking-after-zion-enoch

ADDITIONAL RESEARCH NOTES:
Cornell University Library: The Muisca Calendar: An approximation to the timekeeping system of the ancient native people of the northeastern Andes of Colombia - NOTE: [Massive Muisca ceremonies described by 16th century Spanish chroniclers, is examined and; the occurrence of such ceremonies seem to match the astronomical cycle of conjunctions of the planets Jupiter and Saturn, wich also agrees with the 60-year span described by Duquesne as the Muisca Acrotom Century.] 60 x 10 = 600 years Lehi's departure from Jerusalem. Additionally, 260/20 = 13 [The Priest's Year composed of 37 synodic months, or 12 + 12 + 13 synodic months (the 13th was a leap month, called "deaf" in Spanish),] [According to Duquesne, the Muisca used devised a Priest's Century by scaling up The Priest's Year by gueta (20 times 37 months; 740) which approximately equals 60 Gregorian years.] [A conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn is commonly known in astronomy as “The Great Conjunction”, and it is not an isolated event in time, but it obeys a cycle of about twenty years (19.86), when the conjunction occurs in a different place of the sky, returning approximately to the same point after three conjunctions, or sixty years (Etz, 2000). The cultural significance of such a cycle has been studied by Aston (1970) for the Western Culture, and by Sullivan (1988) for the Andean traditions.] [The Great Conjunction - This animation illustrates the motion of Jupiter and Saturn in a geo-centric model to explain the occurrence of their conjunctions. These conjunctions (called the Great Conjunctions) occur approximately once every 20 years, in different segments of the Zodiac. They return to the same segment of the Zodiac approximately every sixty years thus setting up a 60-Year cycle.]
https://www.geogebra.org/m/dXk8gaNt
https://arxiv.org/abs/0812.0574
The Muisca Calendar: An approximation to the timekeeping system of the ancient native people of the northeastern Andes of Colombia
https://arxiv.org/pdf/0812.0574.pdf
Muisca Calendar [Each month consisted of thirty days and the common year of twenty months, as twenty was the 'perfect' number of the Muisca, representing the total of extremities; fingers and toes.] Compare: Jewish "Bullet points" are found in the [grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients.]
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155786186021424&id=261975771423
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muisca_calendar
Muisca numerals - Numbers 1 to 10 and 20
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muisca_numerals#Numbers_1_to_10_and_20
Muisca numerals - Higher numbers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muisca_numerals#Higher_numbers
Compare: Egyptian Counting, circa Early July–circa 26 November 1835, Page 1
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/egyptian-counting-circa-early-july-circa-26-november-1835/1
Also, compare this with the definition of a generation, lifespan, longevity, or age of a man, for Book of Mormon people: 72 years. Sixty is part of 72 years, using a 12 year cycle x 5. Jesus Christ specifically stated: "And now, behold, my joy is great, even unto fulness, because of you, and also this generation . . . for none of them are lost. Behold, I would that ye should understand; for I mean them who are now alive of this generation; and none of them are lost; and in them I have fulness of joy. But behold, it sorroweth me because of the fourth generation from this generation, . . ." This statement was made about A.D. 34-35. The fourth biological generation from this living generation would be 4 x 72 = 288 + 34, or 322 years. In other words, from 3 x 72 = 216 + 34, or A.D. 250 to A.D. 322. [And it came to pass that two hundred years had passed away; and the second generation had all passed away save it were a few. . . . two hundred and ten years had passed away there were many churches in the land . . . two hundred and thirty and first year, there was a great division among the people . . . two hundred and forty and four years had passed away, and thus were the affairs of the people. And the more wicked part of the people did wax strong, and became exceedingly more numerous than were the people of God. . . . And thus did two hundred and fifty years pass away, and also two hundred and sixty years. And it came to pass that the wicked part of the people began again to build up the secret oaths and combinations of Gadianton. And also the people who were called the people of Nephi began to be proud in their hearts, because of their exceeding riches, and become vain like unto their brethren, the Lamanites. And from this time the disciples began to sorrow for the sins of the world. . . . And it came to pass that when three hundred and twenty years had passed away, Ammaron, being constrained by the Holy Ghost, did hide up the records which were sacred—yea, even all the sacred records which had been handed down from generation to generation, which were sacred—even until the three hundred and twentieth year from the coming of Christ.] So it is clear, from the internal testimony of the Book of Mormon itself, that the fourth biological generation ended, by A.D. 322, even though calendar generations were also calculated using 10 year and 100 year numerical time periods. This is exceedingly interesting from the standpoint of baptism at age 8, compared with the number of members in various LDS groups [a quorum is a group of people ordained or endowed with priesthood authority, and organized to act together as a body]; namely, First Presidency (3), Quorum of the Twelve (12); The Presiding Bishopric (3); The Quorums of the Seventy (70, with 7 presidents); High Priests Quorum (irregular size by area of consideration); Elders Quorum (96); Aaronic Priests Quorum (Bishop independently, or with two assistants; 48 quorum total); Teachers Quorum (24); Deacons Quorum (12). Direct correlation with: Egyptian Alphabet and Grammar statement, that [Kolob is classified as one of twelve "fixed stars", in distinction with fifteen "moving planets"]. This immediately suggests, from a genealogical research standpoint, that star systems of our Universe, are ordered back to the "planet" Kolob, apparently by astronomically calculated number sets; such as 1000 earth years are equivalent to one "day", of rotational movement of the planet or star Kolob; thus, one Sabbath Day on Kolob is essentially a Patriarchal Day of rejoicing, when Our God the Eternal Father worships His God the Eternal Father, Etc.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/27.30-32
http://classic.scriptures.lds.org/en/hel/13/10a
http://www.boap.org/LDS/BOAP/SecondEd/Draft-copy/JS-Commentary-on-BOA-Text.pdf

BASICS: [The city of Moroni was the eastern anchor of a string of fortified cities that stretched from the east sea to the west sea, paralleling the southern narrow strip of wilderness that separated the land of Zarahemla from the land of Nephi]; all according to John E. Clark, PhD. It is obvious to me, today, that Zarahemla can be found easily by locating this underwater, submerged city in the sea. [That “great city Moroni have I caused to be sunk in the depths of the sea” (3 Nephi 8:9; 9:4).] From my review of Church History, there has been no effort, with modern technological advances, to find this great city of Moroni, even though it is exactly dated to the time of the death of Jesus Christ on the cross. All the inhabitants thereof were drowned, and the city and regional area, when found, will be a goldmine of archaeological wonder, as from 70 B.C.; had approximately 100 years of growth; contains extensive military equipment, dated to A.D. 33.

MORE SERIOUS BASICS (Find: Zarahemla, via the submerged city in the sea, even "That great city Moroni".) Bathymetry is the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors.
(1) Present day Earth bathymetry (and altimetry). Data from the National Geophysical Data Center's TerrainBase Digital Terrain Model."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bathymetry#/media/File:AYool_topography_15min.png
(2) The Gulf of Mexico
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_of_Mexico#/media/File:Fixed_gulf_map.png
(3) The Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean area
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_of_Mexico#/media/File:Caribbean_Sea_Gulf_of_Mexico_shaded_relief_bathymetry_land_map.png

PRELIMINARY GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH EVALUATION
What did the Caribbean prehistorically and historically look like?
https://myweb.rollins.edu/jsiry/AntillesMaps.html
[Tectonic, Geological, Historical and Cultural maps of Mexico, the Caribbean, the West Indies, the Antilles, and South America. These areas were proximate to the vast inland seas that generated trade with the Arawak; oldest literate peoples, and the older Ciboney and Taino inhabitants who like the Mayans had been through 2 cycles of growth & decline in their peopling of these many and varied islands that lay north of the "Caribana and Amazones" coasts as shown in the map below – note the numerous Spanish missions [red/amber dots].] Since the Arawak tribes are connected to Columbus, and by the Book of Mormon, to the Lamanites, this area must be considered as part, or a geographical link to the ancient lands of the Nephites-Lamanites.
https://myweb.rollins.edu/jsiry/AntillesMaps.html#earlymap
In particular, [From its position situated among the Peruvian highlands to the south and Aztecs of central Valley of Mexico, and trade with Mayans and Hopi pueblos of SW, the Antilles were a natural bridge among native peoples.] This suggests, from a genealogical research standpoint, that movement of the Caribbean Plate was directly involved in the immediate destruction of the great city of Moroni; that the southern border of the Nephite confederation was contained throughout the Orinoco River Watershed. Lamanites had locations, northeast wilderness sea-ward, and southward, within the South American Plate, and westward, through the west Amazon Watershed, up to the Bogotá plateau. The Lamanite region specifically appears to match the area known as the Muisca Confederation, being the mountainous region, for the Lamanites, connected there from, to the Pacific Ocean; as associated with the Empire of the Chibchas; the Panches of the Magdalena waterway. [Now, there was in "Mormon" a fountain of pure water, and Alma resorted thither, there being near the water a thicket of small trees, where he did hide himself in the daytime from the searches of the king; . . . being in the borders of the land . . . ] This matches the Book of Mormon Lamanite-Nephite conflict areas, connected to Caño Cristales river (the Waters of Mormon), flowing into the Guayabero River, which is part of the Orinoco River {river Sidon} basin.
http://www.gifex.com/detail-en/2009-11-16-11110/Central-America-and-the-Caribbean-Plate.html
http://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0264817215000410-gr1.jpg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5IT13haEmM
The Orinoco River does run somewhat north and south along a long stretch of its waterway, nevertheless, in "geologic times", it emptied more directly into the area of the Caribbean sea; "included a mainstem channel that drained northward along the Andean forearc basin, entering the Caribbean in the vicinity of present-day Lake Maracaibo". Trusting in the words of Jesus Christ, I believe this alteration or change in the river bed course took place at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Therefore, the City of Moroni, should be located somewhere near the sea-side vicinity of Lake Maracaibo, on either side, to the current mouth of the Orinoco River in the wider Caribbean-Atlantic Ocean region; that the City of Zarahemla can then be triangulated, and found, located regionally nearby, having a north coastal wilderness, an eastern wilderness, a southern wilderness, a western wilderness. The historical sinking of cities in the Book of Mormon directly relates to its subterranean geology. "Due to the massive volume of oil removed in the Maracaibo Basin, some oil-producing areas adjacent to Lake Maracaibo have sunk". Massive earthquakes during the crucifixion of Jesus Christ would have disrupted the oil areas, and with loosening soils, Nephite cities would have sunk into the ground. Even today, there is [a disaster in waiting, with the potential of an earthquake causing soil liquefaction and submerging a large population.]
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280618701_Constraints_on_the_tectonic_evolution_of_the_north_andean_block_trailing_tail_evolution_of_the_Gulf_of_Guayaquil-Tumbes_basin_and_the_intermontane_basins_of_the_central_ecuadorian_Andes
https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/mar/11/venezuela-lightning-lake-maracaibo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Maracaibo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soil_liquefaction
EARTHQUAKES and the RING OF FIRE:
There's more to this than meets the eye.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155854095131424&id=261975771423

I am not into fictional "theories". Harry Donl Peterson was a religion professor at Brigham Young University (BYU) who primarily studied topics related to the Book of Mormon and Pearl of Great Price. In addition to his own attributed publications, Peterson also served on LDS Church writing committees that prepared four manuals for the church's Gospel Doctrine classes. "His occupation, his hobby, and his life centered around teaching the gospel", as noted in his obituary, taken from the Deseret News. Harlan said: "I had this man for two upper division Book of Mormon class. Great teacher with wonderful sense of humor." H. Donl Peterson wrote an article: "The Mormon Mummies and Papyri in Ohio". In his Conclusion, he mentions, as item 1.: [Thomas Milton Tinney, Michael H. Chandler and the Pearl of Great Price (Part I, II, and III, Salt Lake City 1975, 1976). Thomas Tinney was the researcher who located Michael H. Chandler in the State of Ohio and pieced together much of his life's story through excellent and meticulous genealogical research. 2. Ibid. to 5. Ibid.] Also listed under L. Tom Perry Special Collections. Mentioned in Sidney B. Sperry Symposium, dated January 26, 1980; A Sesquicentennial Look At Church History. It mentions: "Who was Michael H. Chandler?" . . . "How can we be sure that the entire story pertaining to the writings of Abraham and Joseph was not fabricated? We as Pearl of Great Price teachers were consistent in our responses. Frankly we didn't know the answers to most of their questions. Too long we had assumed that the facts were all in and that the story had ended" . . . "Slowly the challenges have been met." . . . "The accusations and unsubstantiated theories of those unfriendly to the Church are rapidly being replaced by the truth." In A Brief Biography of Michael H. Chandler, it mentions: "Much of the credit for pointing the researchers in the right direction as to the life of Michael and his family must be given to Thomas Milton Tinney [now , Sr.]. Using a genealogical approach he wrote Michael H. Chandler and the Pearl of Great Price in three installments in 1975 and 1976." Research was done in collaboration with H. Donl Peterson and Thomas G. Truitt of the Church Historian's Office, formerly located in the East Wing of the LDS Church Office Building, in Salt Lake City, Utah. H. Donl Peterson talked to me about going back to Ohio and finding the large grave monument for Michael H. Chandler and Frances F. (Fanny) Chandler, in Hillside Cemetery, West Farmington, Trumbull County, Ohio. Peer reviewed and published in part, in the Utah Genealogical Association, Genealogical Journal, Volume 15, Fall 1986, Number 3, beginning on page 128; peer reviewed and published later in The Report; The Ohio Genealogical Society; largest State genealogy organization. To everyone, please don't get upset, if in the near future, all the fictional, limited geography "theories" go out the window, and into the garbage can, when Zarahemla is actually discovered in South America.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._Donl_Peterson#Publications
https://www.deseretnews.com/article/343102/DEATH--H-DONL-PETERSON.html
http://emp.byui.edu/openshawr/Class%20Articles/The%20Mormon%20Mummies%20and%20Papyri%20in%20OhioH.htm
http://files.lib.byu.edu/ead/XML/MSS2019.xml
http://www.bhporter.com/Porter%20PDF%20Files/A%20Sesquicentennial%20look%20at%20church%20History.opd.pdf
https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=81083195
https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=81083196

FULL TEXT PRESENTATION:
ZARAHEMLA and THE RIVER SIDON: : The scenario presented in the Book of Mormon took place throughout all of North America and South America.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155861903536424&id=261975771423

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EARTHQUAKES and the RING OF FIRE:
There's more to this than meets the eye.

It is "The Giant, Underestimated Earthquake Threat to North America." But first, I refer you to the words of Lucius Annaeus Seneca (born about 4 BC to AD 65), stating: [How often have cities in Asia, how often in Achaia, been laid low by a single shock of earthquake! How many towns in Syria, how many in Macedonia, have been swallowed up! How often has this kind of devastation laid Cyprus in ruins! How often has Paphos collapsed! Not infrequently are tidings brought to us of the utter destruction of entire cities; yet how small a part of the world are we, to whom such tidings often come! . . . Not only does that which has been made with hands totter to the ground, not only is that which has been set in place by man's art and man's efforts overthrown by the passing days; nay, the peaks of mountains dissolve, whole tracts have settled, and places which once stood far from the sight of the sea are now covered by the waves. The mighty power of fires has eaten away the hills through whose sides they used to glow, and has levelled to the ground peaks which were once most lofty – the sailor's solace and his beacon. The works of nature herself are harassed; hence we ought to bear with untroubled minds the destruction of cities.. . . ] Compare: The death of Christ was accompanied by terrifying phenomena. There was a violent earthquake; the rocks of the mighty hills were disrupted, and many graves were torn open. But, most portentous of all in Judaistic minds, the veil of the temple which hung between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies was rent from top to bottom, and the interior, which none but the high priest had been permitted to see, was thrown open to common gaze.] Additionally, “A great and terrible tempest … such as never had been known in all the land” unleashed untold natural destruction (3 Nephi 8:6–7). These physical upheavals were signs in America witnessing the crucifixion of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem (see 1 Nephi 19:10–12; Helaman 14:20–21). After describing the damage caused by the “great storm” (3 Nephi 8:5) that lasted for three hours, Mormon documented the complete darkness as one of the signs that was now fulfilled (see 3 Nephi 10:14). Enoch, of old, was an ancient "American" prophet of God. Enoch saw “the Son of Man lifted up on the cross, after the manner of men; … and all the creations of God mourned; and the earth groaned” (Moses 7:55–56). In his heightened spiritual, if anguished, state, Enoch understood the groaning of the earth: “And he heard a voice from the bowels thereof, saying: Wo, wo is me, the mother of men; I am pained, I am weary, because of the wickedness of my children. When shall I rest, and be cleansed from the filthiness which is gone forth out of me?” (Moses 7:48). Universal; Worldwide, Global, in the words: "and all the creations of God mourned; and the earth groaned" Now we have a distorted time-frame part of the vaulted and glorified scientific proofs. Discover magazine reports the latest news, theories, and developments in the world of science. "The enormous fault off the coast of the Pacific Northwest has been silent for three centuries. But after years of detective work, geologists have discovered that it can unleash mayhem on an epic scale." "The Cascadia subduction zone is a crack in the Earth’s crust, roughly 60 miles offshore and running 800 miles from northern Vancouver Island to Northern California. This fault is part of the infamous Pacific Ring of Fire, the impact zone where several massive tectonic plates collide. Here, a slab of the Pacific Ocean floor called the Juan de Fuca plate slides eastward and downward, “subducting” underneath the continental plate of North America." . . . [The evidence amassed since then suggests that in fact, Cascadia has generated powerful earthquakes not just once or twice, but over and over again throughout geologic time. A research team led by Chris Goldfinger at Oregon State University (OSU) used core samples from the ocean floor along the fault to establish that there have been at least 41 Cascadia events in the last ten thousand years. Nineteen of those events ripped the fault from end to end, a “full margin rupture."]
http://quakes.globalincidentmap.com/
https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/ring-fire/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_of_Fire
http://discovermagazine.com/2012/extreme-earth/01-big-one-earthquake-could-devastate-pacific-northwest
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Moral_letters_to_Lucilius/Letter_91?fref=gc&dti=311108174241
https://www.lds.org/manual/jesus-the-christ/chapter-35?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1998/01/enoch-what-modern-scripture-teaches?lang=eng

The book, Geology of the Book of Mormon introduction mentions: "The first purpose of this book is to evaluate and analyze the text of the Book of Mormon itself to provide clues as to the nature and location of the disaster." Did the author even consider the compelling issue brought forth by the following words? [And now I, Moroni, proceed to give an account of those ancient inhabitants who were destroyed by the hand of the Lord upon the face of this NORTH country. And I take mine account from the twenty and four plates which were found by the people of Limhi, which is called the Book of Ether. And as I suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even to the great tower, and whatsoever things transpired among the children of men until that time, is had among the Jews--Therefore I do not write those things which transpired from the days of Adam until that time; but they are had upon the plates; and whoso findeth them, the same will have power that he may get the full account.] Now, from a genealogical research standpoint, I am compelled to make the geographic comparison, within the written record itself; not cherry picking, to try to conveniently fit observations into preconceived ideas. So again, from a professional genealogical research standpoint, with no bones to pick, with anyone, Moroni explicitly states: "And now I, Moroni, proceed to give an account of those ancient inhabitants who were destroyed by the hand of the Lord upon the face of this NORTH country." He then critically places in parallel consideration: "And as I suppose that the first part of this record, which speaks concerning the creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even to the great tower, and whatsoever things transpired among the children of men until that time, is had among the Jews". Why is this juxtaposition so tremendously important? Because "Adam, and an account from that time even to the great tower," are thereby connected, within the very record itself, to "those ancient inhabitants who were destroyed by the hand of the Lord upon the face of this NORTH country." So, lo and behold, if we could find out the exact location, in an authoritative record, as to where Adam was, and his posterity, even unto the time of the great tower, (or even a significant portion thereof), we could certainly "know", with some high degree of certainty, the physical location "of this NORTH country." And here, we are most fortunate. We know that "Three years previous to the death of Adam, he called Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, and Methuselah, who were all high priests, with the residue of his posterity who were righteous, into the valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and there bestowed upon them his last blessing." Time period: 4000 B.C. to 3070 B.C. Adam was 130 years old when Seth was born (Gen. 5:3).  And the days of Adam, after he had begotten Seth, were 800 years, making him 930 years old when he died (Gen. 5:4-5).  Lamech, the 9th from Adam, and the father of Noah, was 56 years old when Adam died; Methuselah, 243; Enoch, 308; Jared, 470; Mahalaleel, 535; Cainan, 605; Enos, 695; and Seth, 800. So that Lamech (the father of Noah), Methuselah, Enoch, Jared, Mahalaleel, Cainan, Enos, Seth, and Adam, were all living at the same time, and beyond all controversy were all preachers of righteousness. Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth. [2344 B.C.] Archbishop James Ussher calculated the Flood date: 2349 B.C. So, even with Noah, approximately 600 years were thus, territorially connected to Adam-ondi-Ahman, via Methuselah, who was 243 years old; and, the residue of his posterity who were righteous would include Lamech, aged 56, (the father of Noah), who is NOT identified as being a High Priest at the time of the High Priest Leadership farewell blessing of Adam. So this book is a conundrum, as the "Geology of the Book of Mormon" analysis does not properly address or include, at a minimum, pre-flood areas of our North American Continent. It can be further noted that for over 900 years, even to the days of Methuselah, and the residue of his posterity who were righteous, communication and physical travel and trip connections were available, throughout the then united land mass. As of the year 2016, "Geology Is Breaking Apart Over When the Americas Came Together". As so clearly stated in this article: [For scientists studying the prehistoric Americas, (THE DATE: That land connected Panama and South America) it is the fulcrum on which the rest of the story pivots. It determines where researchers look for fossils, how they analyze them, and even how they calibrate the molecular clocks they use to reconstruct the evolution of different species. It’s baked into everything. If it’s wrong--well, then everything else could very well be wrong too.] Nevertheless, in the end, it will be found that the Book of Mormon creationist view is actually true. The Book of Mormon, when its dates are properly used to define the age of the earth through true geology, threatens to topple, and will shake the whole field of science to its core; and, for geology, one of its most important models. The Book of Mormon should take its place in the validation of science.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/history-maps/photo-10?lang=eng
https://www.wired.com/2016/05/geology-breaking-apart-americas-came-together/
ADDENDUM:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155854095131424&id=261975771423

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Jewish "Bullet points" are found in the [grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients.]

It was based on the hand, or hands and feet of the body, as well as other parts connected thereto. [The Lord spoke to me with a mighty Hand. (Isaiah 8:11 . . . ) And he put forth the form of an hand, and took me by a lock of mine head; and the spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven (Ezekiel 8: 3) ] [Genesis 32:24–32. The Wrestling of Jacob--What Was It?] It was his receiving of the Temple Endowment, personally, passing by tests given by a messenger (Jacob embraced him, that he might be blessed and preserved with his posterity), sent to Jacob to give him the Patriarchal Priesthood blessing, ("what is your name?") from the Lord, with his new name: Israel; [for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.] As also in The Book of Enos, in the Book of Mormon; [And I will tell you of the wrestle which I had before God, before I received a remission of my sins.] It had five key degrees, for memorization of key ideas of principles, fundamental truths or propositions that serve as the foundation for a system of transmission, of religious education, and secular knowledge, through personal physical contacts, of an emotional (heart to heart) nature, with those who could be trusted, (as individuals who are unworthy cannot write that which is sacred save it be given through the approval of Jehovah). Four fingers, for North, South, East, and West, thumb pointing to Heaven (up), or Hell (down). Or, Three Degrees of Glory, plus Three Degrees in the Highest Degree, making Five Degrees, in all, (as with the thumb held over the pinkie finger, manifesting three standing degrees of glory, with the greatest, the thumb in one, also having three separate individual degrees within the one celestial glory (scout oath). These biologically based human body (and representative animals signifying) [rules (bullet points) nor the translations in the grammar book correspond to those recognized by Egyptologists today.] In The Doctrine of the Priesthood, the Book of Abraham suggests [This divine being, Jesus Christ, led other spirits in organizing the earth out of “materials” or preexisting matter, not ex nihilo or out of nothing, as many Christians later came to believe.] [In his Guide of the Perplexed 2:25, Maimonides . . . wrote that it is easier to read Genesis to say that God formed the world from pre-existing matter . . .] [Maimonides (1120-1190) was a brilliant Hispanic Jewish scholar who lived in Spain and Egypt in the 12th century. ] [According to the Rambam in "the Guide of the Perplexed",] there were also bullet points: (the meaning of the words in each individual case are to be determined by the context) as also in the [grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients.] Two examples:* Ruach is a homonym, signifying" air," that is, one of the four elements. Ruach denotes also," wind." In this sense the word occurs frequently. REF: "And the air of God moved (Gen. i. 2)."And the east wind (ruach) brought the locusts" (Exod. x. 13):" west wind" (ruach) (ib. 19).* Ruach, also signifies" breath"; also that which remains of man after his death, and is not subject to destruction. REF: "A breath (ruach) that passeth away, and does not come again" (PS. lxxviii. 39) wherein is the breath (ruach) of life" (Gen. vii. 15)."And the spirit (ruach) shall return unto God who gave it" (Eccles. xii. 7). This item is critical to a correct understanding of the language of Book of Mormon Lamanite descendants, the people that Christopher Columbus directly contacted, the Taino, who defined Opia [hupia (also opia, opi'a, op'a, operi'to)] as the spirit of a person who has died, as the Spirit of the Dead. [The Taino believed that both the living and the dead had a spirit. For the dead, this spirit was called op’a . . . some differences between the op’a and the spirits of the living or the goeiza . . . Taino {had} notions of a joyous, happy afterlife for infidels or non-Christians]; seen in New Testament kingdoms of glory in the eternities; being merciful, we get mercy; or, as Paul mentions, re: Abraham, "But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness." (Rom. 4:2-7). [ . . . Saladoids or ancestors of the Taino . . . buried their skeletons facing East, towards the rising sun.] [the strong connections established between the op’a or spirit of the dead and the mythic ancestors of the Taino people are difficult to dismiss. These connections argue for at least the conclusion that death and new life were inexorably linked in the Taino worldview.] [From all of the evidence examined, it appears that the Taino did not see birth and death in linear, historical terms as two end-points of a life segment. At the very least, it may be said that the Taino connected death with re-birth so that the life and death aspects of their worldview were always connected in loops.] The 13th principle of Faith of Rambam, is a Jewish belief, that the dead will be resurrected; referred to in Hebrew as the Olam Ha-Ba, the World to Come, but that term is also used to refer to the spiritual afterlife. Thus [The Torah speaks of several noteworthy people being "gathered to their people." See, for example, Gen. 25:8 (Abraham), 25:17 (Ishmael), 35:29 (Isaac), 49:33 (Jacob), Deut. 32:50 (Moses and Aaron) II Kings 22:20 (King Josiah). This gathering is described as a separate event from the physical death of the body or the burial.] Same as [after passing away the spirit was released as a hupia and went to live in a remote earthly paradise called Coaybay] [Taino people never believed in the concept and or idea of Death, as they believed in passing on of the human spirit and an Hereafter life.] [The Torah indicates in several places that the righteous will be reunited with their loved ones after death, while the wicked will be excluded from this reunion.] [[Taino people of the Americas; they recognized deceased op’a were those who had no faces (cognizant identities) or navels (birthrights); i.e., the Lamanites had destroyed the Nephite priesthood authority and their degraded civilization; they had lost navel connectivity; no sacred marks: no temple records, no hereafter eternal family links, no Messiah power of rebirth. And, Jesus Christ had been erased from their tribal histories and was replaced with [a magical-religious ceremony in which they consulted with a cemi or with the principal God, Yocaju (Yocaju bagua maracote); . . . in the form of Yocaju {formerly worshipped in truth, as Jehovah} as the God of Fire.] [The practice of snuffing Cohoba was popular with the Taino and Arawakan peoples, with whom Christopher Columbus made contact.] The Book of Mormon is a true record of Jaredite, Lehite, and Mulekite posterity; variously planted upon the Islands of the Sea and the total Hemispheric areas of North America, Heartland, Middle America, Mesoamerica, South America, etc.
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/grammar-and-alphabet-of-the-egyptian-language-circa-july-circa-november-1835/7#full-transcript
http://www.hebrew-streams.org/works/spirit/ruachpneuma.html
http://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/gfp/
http://www.kislakfoundation.org/prize/200103.html
https://www.britannica.com/science/cohoba
http://ponce.inter.edu/tibes/ingles/cohoba.html

Maps contradict all Limited Geography Theory. Tribal Nations Maps, by self-taught mapmaker, Aaron R. Carapella, have [pinpointed the locations and original names of hundreds of American Indian nations before their first contact with Europeans]. . . . ["I think a lot of people get blown away by, 'Wow, there were a lot of tribes, and they covered the whole country!'] . . . [Carapella's maps serve as a reminder that the population of the American countryside stretches back long before 1776 and 1492.] . . . ["But it's a way to convey the truth in a different way."] These maps absolutely validate, that in 1492 and long before, the American Continents, were fully covered with Tribal Groups, that were Hemispheric in scope, and all was "Indian land". "You can look at [Carapella's] map, and you can sort of get it immediately," [Doug Herman, senior geographer at the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C.] says. "This is Indian Country, and it's not the Indian Country that I thought it was because all these names are different." Tribal Nations Map series covers [the Nations indigenous to the “United States,”, “Canada”, "Mexico" , "Central America", "South America"  and “Alaska."] Limited Geography Theory is further contradicted by: [The prospect for crops, in this region of country, is, at present, tolerable good, but calls for provisions will undoubtedly be considerable, for besides the emigration of the whites, the government of the United States is settling the Indians, (or remnants of Joseph) immediately to the west, and they must be fed.] [The Indian Removal Act was signed by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830.] Indians, (or remnants of Joseph), living East of the Mississippi River; (their genealogical ancestral connections, emigrating before 1492, according to beliefs in the Book of Mormon), must connect to Arawak, Taino; etc.; in B.C. times to Lehite and Mulekite landings. [The Arawakans of that day were of a similar level of sophistication, although quite different culturally, as the Mississippian Indians, their contemporaries, who lived at Moundville, some 13 miles south of Tuscaloosa. Knight has studied the Mississippian Indians for more than 30 years. “They were chiefdoms, as were the inhabitants of Moundville,” Knight said. “And they were agriculturalists, but they relied on root crops instead of corn.”]
http://www.tribalnationsmaps.com/
http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2014/06/24/323665644/the-map-of-native-american-tribes-youve-never-seen-before
http://www.npr.org/assets/news/2014/06/Tribal_Map_Mexico.pdf
http://www.npr.org/assets/news/2014/06/Tribal_Nations_Map_NA.pdf
http://www.tribalnationsmaps.com/store/c1/Featured_Products.html
http://www.tribalnationsmaps.com/store/c13/South_America.html
http://www.tribalnationsmaps.com/store/p95/Tribal_Nations_of_the_Southern_Hemisphere_-_35%22x52%22_-_Poster.html
http://www.tribalnationsmaps.com/store/c17/Western_Hemisphere.html
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Evening_and_the_Morning_Star
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Removal_Act#Background
http://www.science20.com/news/who_really_were_the_people_columbus_met

Download and evaluate the List of Indigenous Nations of the Western Hemisphere, the [most comprehensive list of Native American tribes in existence, including a fully searchable excel spreadsheet]? Robert Alexander Innes has written some interesting stuff, such as "Elder Brother and the Law of the People: Contemporary Kinship and Cowessess". He mentions there, among other things, that: [Race as a conceptual category has been delineated by the work of nineteenth century social theorists. These theorists sought to document social evolution of human civilization, from savagery to barbarism to modern civilization. One preoccupation was to rank various human groups based on perceived racial characteristics. Within this framework, Europeans represented the height of human evolution, followed by Asians and then Africans. Indigenous peoples, when included, usually ranked at the bottom of the human evolutionary ladder (though occasionally placed above Africans).] Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution are thus exposed as the full epitome, or "scientific" representation of Western European, white racist, superior, expansionist mentality; as so represented, being made to extend back into black African, mythic, fantastical, Neanderthal time frames. The Book of Mormon, on the other hand, reveals the exact opposite of these theories, in historical facts, of which the maps show, as noted heretofore, total American Hemispheric comprehensiveness. Understanding the Book of Mormon, reveals civilizations have ebbed and flowed, from the time of Adam and Eve, until today, from maximum social status, at the creation of the Earth, and Adam and Eve; with successive historical waves including high degrees of intelligent civilizations and orders, far superior even to us, in this day and "enlightened" age, by following the priesthood jurisdiction of Jehovah, or Jesus Christ; as well as genetic depravity by devolution, established in descending genealogically connected societies, as a process of free agency choices, dividing or banding into drug addicting bands of native savages and tribes. Names of the various peoples represent territorial boundaries for local traditional governance, but, regionally intermarried, handed down in storytelling; more believable than "science": your more primitive Neanderthal's face.
http://www.tribalnationsmaps.com/tribal-name-meaningsbibliography.html
http://artsandscience.usask.ca/profile/RInnes#/profile
https://books.google.com/books?id=CFJ7AgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=inauthor:%22Robert+Alexander+Innes%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi41aGZjIDWAhVJxVQKHUusCY0Q6AEIJjAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20170214-your-face-is-probably-more-primitive-than-a-neanderthals

Concerning Professor Edwin Walters, the eminent archaeologist and geologist. He shows up in an unusual item, entitled: Smithsonian Admits to Destruction of Thousands of Giant Human Skeletons in Early 1900′s. [During the court case, new elements were brought to light as several Smithsonian whistle blowers admitted to the existence of documents that allegedly proved the destruction of tens of thousands of human skeletons reaching between 6 feet and 12 feet in height, a reality mainstream archeology can not admit to for different reasons, claims AIAA spokesman, James Churward.] Compare with: "the brother of Jared being a large and mighty man"; " …they have brought breastplates, which are large, and they are of brass and of copper..."; “…they did find a land... which was covered with dry bones; yea, a land which had been peopled and which had been destroyed….”; [Joseph related that when he finally obtained the plates from Moroni in 1827, he also received two stones to be used in translating them. He and close acquaintances left accounts of these stones, describing them as white or clear in appearance, set in silver bows or rims like modern eyeglasses or spectacles, and connected to a large breastplate. As described, this seeric device would have been bulky. Joseph Smith’s mother said that he detached the stones from the breastplate for convenience while using them.] Continuing, [One of the most amazing discoveries of a giant cemetery was reported in the Fort Wayne, Indiana Sentinel newspaper Nov. 28, 1897. It reported that a prehistoric battlefield with the skulls of 100,000 “Giant Neanderthals” – some with two rows of teeth and others with red hair still attached – all with arrow points in them – was found near Wichita, Kansas, in Redlands near the Choctaw Indian reservation. During the 1800s, many newspaper articles were written about the discoveries of these ancient bones, but somehow, that information never made it to the pages of our history books. An archaeologist, Prof. Edwin Walters, found the 30 acre site. At that time, he believed the battle had taken place 20,000 years before and was fought between the Mound Builders and the Maya Toltec race from Yucatan that was trying to take over the Mississippi Valley. Almost 3000 skeletons lay in every square mile of the area. The bones were “dug out by the carload” and each skull was found with one to five arrow heads sticking into it. Some of the skeletons were dwarfish while others were gigantic, and they were all buried in circles in a sitting position, just like the ones found in Anderson, Indiana.] Continuing, [Midway between Fort Smith and Hot Springs the mounds have been found to contain large numbers of human skulls that appear to have been crushed or clubbed to death. There were also large quantities of bracelets, rings and animal bones. The skulls date to  8,000 BP, 6,000 BC. In 1898 Professor Edwin Walters found a mass grave  in Yell County near Fort Smith. In a 30-acre area he found huge numbers of skeletons with crushed skulls or spearheads lying among the ribs. There were one hundred thousand deaths and the bones are 8,000 years BP, 6,000 BC. Was there a massacre here of horrendous proportions in this period?  How do we explain the huge population density then for one hundred thousand people to be in one place was unknown in prehistoric times as there would be no infrastructure to support or mobilize them. Were they all rounded up and slaughtered in one place or was it a war between two enormous armies, for those times, of fifty thousand people each?] These are the remains and bones of the Jaredite extinction. Please note that the time periods of 20,000 years to 8,000 years BP, 6,000 BC. [When the remnants of the Jaredites' final battle were discovered, the Book of Mormon narrative states that "the blades thereof were cankered with rust."] [According to the Book of Mormon, the final war that destroyed the Jaredites resulted in the deaths of at least two million men.] This IS archaeological evidence of the Jaredite people described in the Book of Mormon, that can be readily accepted by mainstream archaeologists, with time period adjustments, which must be made for the Jaredite civilization, in the North American regions, being completely destroyed by fratricidal civil war near the time that Lehi's party arrived in the New World (approximately 590 BC). This means serious Mormon scholars must identify scientific error miscalculations; in retrospect, for the Jaredites, of 20,000 years and 8.000 years BP, to period dates circa 590 BC. The Book of Mormon is true; but, scientific calculations are false, especially Before Christ. This information was also published in "The Latter-Day Saints' Millennial Star", Volume 59. They define in the article that the remains were found in the Quaternary period, which follows the Neogene Period and extends to the present time. There is further mention of [The bones are of abnormal size, as is the skull. Arrow heads, stone implements and pottery were found with the bones] (near Eldora, Iowa). Note: Contrary to the unusual item, concerning "Smithsonian Admits to Destruction of Thousands of Giant Human Skeletons in Early 1900′s"; the report in the Millennial Star suggests that "Jaredite" bones may have been taken by one of the [directors of the road who lives in Holland, and the arrow heads and pottery were quietly packed up and forwarded to a museum, in Holland.] Attention LDS archaeologists, who actually believe in the Book of Mormon, on this list. Find name of Pittsburg and Gulf railway "director", and the museum in Holland. Research. [The skulls have narrow, retreating foreheads and projecting chins, and the skeletons vary greatly in length, some seeming to be those of dwarfs and others of a giant race.] [Mound Builders established a fine line of defenses from Omaha, Nebraska, south to the Gulf of Mexico in their efforts to repel the invasion into their territory of the warlike race of Maya Toltecs.] In fact, this was a subsequent Nephite - Lamanite fortification (remember Moroni's Map and travels); used, and developed, from the prior Jaredite civilization that came before; when they came forth in war to the death, brother against brother, and family against family, because of both groups of people rejecting the fullness of the gospel of Jesus Christ. [The Jaredites date to the time of the "great tower" mentioned in the Old Testament (Gen. 11:1-9), which was built in or around Mesopotamia. Led by God, the Jaredites left their homeland for a new land somewhere in the Americas, and there they established a kingdom. They grew to be a numerous population with kings and prophets, and, like the Nephites after them, were eventually annihilated by internecine war evidently sometime between 600 and 300 B.C.]
https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=LAH18971130.2.48
https://www.lds.org/ensign/2015/10/joseph-the-seer?lang=eng#footnote12-12460_000_022
http://thegoodlylawfulsociety.org/smithsonian-hidden-evidence-ancient-giants-earth/
https://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/gigantes/NAmWar2.html
https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SFC18971129.2.25
https://books.google.com/books?id=UJdJAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA812&lpg=PA812&dq=%22Edwin+walters%22+archaeologist&source=bl&ots=XFUfyk3fcW&sig=1n3FG8PwMZ_Gy0371ytmlTRB2OM&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiHs_HVn4_WAhXjlFQKHQMVA58Q6AEINzAD#v=onepage&q=%22Edwin%20walters%22%20archaeologist&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=8kbzAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA335&lpg=PA335&dq=%22Edwin+walters%22+archaeologist&source=bl&ots=ot3n0tei66&sig=Uc0JUwQJaiaZJQEf_8RDppNHP1Y&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiHs_HVn4_WAhXjlFQKHQMVA58Q6AEIOTAE#v=onepage&q=%22Edwin%20walters%22%20archaeologist&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=Z-agAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA155&lpg=PA155&dq=%22Edwin+walters%22+archaeologist&source=bl&ots=NLHQvVL6aK&sig=QMjE_TkbdKoWrb83B2ZZvjEqHhc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiHs_HVn4_WAhXjlFQKHQMVA58Q6AEIQTAG#v=onepage&q=%22Edwin%20walters%22%20archaeologist&f=false
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-fourth-nephi-through-moroni-zion-destruction/18-moroni-last-nephite-prophets

Professor Edwin Walters, the eminent archaeologist and geologist. [sketch drawing] The Naturalist, VOL. IV. Kansas City, Missouri, February, 1889, NO 2.; page 2; [Devoted to Ornithology, Oology, Taxidermy, etc.] It afford us much pleasure to present to our readers the likeness and a sketch of one of Missouri's rising men. Edwin Walters was born in Scotland County, Mo, 40 years ago; his father, Dr. J. W. Walters, of Shelby Co., Ky., emigrated to Missouri at an early day, and married Miss Rhoda A. Hickman, of Howard Co., Mo., third daughter of Edwin T. Hickman, one of the early settlers. Dr. Walters with his family moved to the frontier of Kansas about a generation ago; the Border war was in progress at this time, and the subject of this sketch passed through many stirring scenes and incidents. The family returned to Missouri in 1860. Prof. Walters taught school in Southern Iowa immediately after the civil war, and then began a systematic course of scientific reading, supplemented by personal field work as a surveyor, the fruits of which are shown in many treatises and papers. For fourteen years he was engaged in surveying in different parts of the West, gathering a fund of useful knowledge, both economic and scientific. Some months ago, Prof. Walters accepted the position of scientific editor of the Kansas City Journal, which position he now holds. Nature built Prof. Walters up on a generous mould, and endowed him with brilliant qualities of head and heart. A well balanced, shapely head, placed upon a well knit, muscular frame, every motion denoting self poise and strength, yet with the genuine modesty which always denotes true worth, carefully weighing all evidence presented and slow to condemn; possessing that quality of mind so requisite in the searcher after truth--freedom from bias. Of Prof. Walters' scientific work, the readers of the Kansas City Journal entertain a very high opinion, as many calls from different sections, to lecture on Geology and the allied sciences attest. We regret that our limited space prevents a more extended account of Prof. W's scientific work; we however cannot refrain from alluding to the map defining the Natural Gas Belt surrounding Kansas City, the surveys and elevations being his work. At first it was received with incredulity, only to be repeatedly shown correct in every instance and now accepted as authority.
https://ia600507.us.archive.org/31/items/naturalis411218891890kans/naturalis411218891890kans_bw.pdf
https://archive.org/stream/americanjournal109unkngoog#page/n178/mode/2up/search/edwin+walters
Preliminary Draft Extraction: . . . .[A PREHISTORIC BATTLE Discovery of a Field Where Barbarians Fought 20000 Years Ago New York Herald Think of a battle which cost the lives of a hundred thousand warriors History has no such record but that such a battle was fought before history is shown is indicated by some remarkable discoveries in the Mississippi valley Evidences of 3 mighty battle between barbaric races contending for the possession of the great valley of the Mississippi 20000 years ago in which 60000 and perhaps 100000 tawny skinned warriors gave up their lives have been discovered in the Indian Territory that wild and almost unknown portion of the public domain set apart for the use and benefit of the nations wards The initial discovery was made by laborers employed in grading a roadbed for the Kansas City Plttsburg Gulf railway a few months ago near Redlands | . . . in the northern part of The Choctaw Indian reservation They | were surprised to find at a depth of six to eight feet a deposit of human bones ancient pottery and stone weapons of warfare The road at this point ran through one of the terraces of the Arkansas river bottom for a considerable distance river as the grading progressed carloads of human bones most of which crumbled when exposed to the air and great quantities of rude battle axes arrow points long daggerlike javelin points and pieces of pottery were unearthed THIRTY ACRES OF SKELETONS The workmen made no effort to preserve the relics, and the real value and extent of the prehistoric remains might never have been known had not Professor Edwin Walters an archaeologist and geologist in the employ of the road happened along about that time He recognized the importance of the find and has recently made extensive excavations. By digging and sounding he has ascertained that 30 acres most of which is heavily timbered are underlaid with human bones. His first theory was that he had found an ancient burying ground in which for many successive generations the tribesmen had been laid to rest but when he picked up a skull in which 13 moss agate arrow points were embedded | the conclusion was forced upon him that he had come upon a prehistoric battle ground Further excavations revealed other skulls pierced with arrow points and | many skeletons in portions of which | arrow points or stone Javelin heads | were buried One of them was dug up with a stone javelin head thrust through the spine and projecting for | several inches through the breastbone Scarcely a skull has been found that does not bear the marks of violence | The great number of stone war implements that are being found confirms Professor Walters theory that one of the most sanguinary struggles of prehistoric times occurred there GREAT PRIMEVAL CONFLICT | The mystery which envelopes that strange scene of primeval conflict may | never be cleared away but to the mind of Professor Walters the story of that | early struggle is as an open book The 17 years he has spent in exploring the mounds fortifications and buried cities of the vanquished races of Central and North America have developed facts of surpassing interest to archaeologists All of the prehistoric inhabitants of North America Professor Walters believes came originally from Central America Thirty thousand years ago three millions of people breaking away from the vast population that for countless centuries had occupied Central and the northern portion of South America journeyed northeastward along the coast of the Caribbean sea | and the Gulf of Mexico and finally overspread the Mississippi valley They belonged to the race of Maya Toltecs who as is shown by their monuments and ruined cities had attained a remarkably high degree of civilization for that remote period As the centuries passed the wanderers lost much of their knowledge of architecture astronomy chemistry civil engineering and sculpture in which the parent race had become proficient Instead of building temples and monuments they became mound builders and their rude structures are . . . scattered throughout the Mississippi valley and the region of the great | lakes Ten thousand years passed during | which the Mound Builders lost all of | the characteristics of the Maya Toltec race and when as the successive waves of immigration from the Yucatan | swept over the Pacific slope and eastward toward the Mississippi valley the supremacy of the Mound Builders | was threatened and they fortified their frontier against the incursions of their new enemy The Mayas made periodic | attempts to wrest the rich valley from | their grasp and many were the fierce | battles fought GREAT CHAIN OF FORTIFICATIONS Professor Walters has found a series of fortifications extending north and south and facing each other The first (one) | of the prehistoric chain of fortifications that mark this one time bloody battle | line is found near Omaha From that point it followed down | river bluffs to Kansas City and from there | has been traced southward almost to Mexico The battleground just found | I in the Choctaw country forms a link | in this chain of fortifications and goes far toward proving the correctness of Professor Walters theories Here he believes the decisive battle of this great international war of the primitive race was fought | is in the midst of a rough rolling | country The Arkansas river broad and deep runs east and west at this point its channel being against a rocky wall on the north bank of the river in the country of the Cherokees To the south and left of the river are | two broad terraces covered with giant oaks and it is the higher of the two through which the railroad runs which | contains the prehistoric remains Upon this terrace can easily be traced the rude fortifications which were evidently the objective point of the warlike MayaToltecs Following the topography of the country in his calculations Professor Walters figures out that the invading | army came across the level plain lying to the west drove the outposts of the | Mound Builders back from their settlements around the great mounds that may still be seen at some distance | west of the recently discovered battleground to the main fortifications or earthworks Here the two great armies . . . each possibly numbering 250000 engaged in a struggle that should only cease when one or the other had been hopelessly vanquished What a terrible hand to hand struggle it must have been Every acre of that dark and bloody ground contains the ghastly remains of from 2000 to 3000 warriors and that they died amid a perfect rain of arrows javelins and stone axes the vast numbers of these death dealing instruments unearth | bear mute testimony FOUGHT HAND TO HAND Less than 50000 men were killed in the bloodiest battle of the civil war What fearful carnage must there have been when between 60000 and 100000 men armed only with bows and arrows javelins and rude battle axes went down Little wonder that almost every skull is crushed in with a blow from a battle ax or pierced with arrows whose tips had previously been dipped in poison The work of mapping the earthworks battlegrounds and burial places along the great battle line is one of the most stupendous undertakings yet attempted by students of American archaeology and ethnology Professor Walters has already given up many years to his self imposed task and expects | to have it completed in ten years . . .] The Salt Lake Herald from Salt Lake City, Utah; page 6, Monday, December 13, 1897

[“It is a matter of official record that in digging through a mound in Iowa the scientists found the skeleton of a giant, who, judging from actual measurement, must have stood seven feet six inches tall when alive. The bones crumbled to dust when exposed to the air.” - This account from The Worthington Advance (November 18, 1897) describes the ethnological work of the Smithsonian Institution’s Division of Eastern Mounds, and quoted the Director of the Bureau of Ethnology at the time, John Wesley Powell.] Richard J. Dewhurst provides information from newspaper articles, first person accounts, state historical records, and illustrated field reports, that impressively correlate with the Jaredite nation, in the Book of Mormon. Within the proper time frame, it mentions, among other things, [numerous giants, one of which was 7’6”tall and decorated with six heavy copper bracelets on each wrist and on his shoulder were three large plates of mica. . . . an Indian Mound on Mount Morris, rude medals, pipes and articles were uncovered in association with the remains of a giant . . . a lost city was found on a farm in Dunville NY, in association with two tons of charcoal and various implements indicating the site of an ancient forge.. . . Cincinnati tablets inscribed with hieroglyphs, textiles that resemble those from Assyria and Babylon, a skull examined by a surgeon in Cincinnati that exhibits evidence of brain surgery that “shows knowledge of practical surgery scarcely excelled at the present day,” as well as evidence of metallurgy, forges, slag, iron and even saws. . . . At the same mound site in Chillicothe dozens of skeletons were found wearing copper masks, while at a related site in the same area at a depth of 14 feet “a massive skeleton was found encased in copper armor.” Even more astonishing, in an excavation for a house in West Hickory, workers exhumed “an enormous iron helmet corroded with rust.” . . . Conch and Pyrula shells imported from the Atlantic Ocean was unearthed. . . . in 1881 a nine-foot tall skeleton was unearthed in a local mound, along with the body of a blond-haired child. . . . Between 2002 and 2010, a major copper workshop was discovered with forges and annealing methods for hardening copper, which included many examples of highly sophisticated repousse copper plates. . . . in Wisconsin . . . archaeologists have uncovered evidence of advanced culture and mining activities in the state . . . In 1794, it is reported that an ancient furnace was discovered and in association with it a bar of iron was discovered, as well as annealed and hardened copper implements. . . . In association with the fabled ancient copper mines found in the Northern Peninsula of Michigan, the mica mines of North Carolina are the most significant natural resource site in North America. The importance of mica to the mound builder culture cannot be over-emphasized. . . . linking this site to the copper-producing region of the Great Lakes, has led some scholars to posit that what was really going on at Poverty Point was actually the refining of copper for trade goods, the theory being that raw copper was brought down from Michigan during the summer months and then refined for manufacture and trade during the winter in the warmer climate of Louisiana. . . . These include the extensive examples of pottery and copper-work from the Caddo culture that covered Northern Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana and Arkansas and include engraved slates matching those found in Minnesota, as well as repousee copper pieces identical to those recently uncovered in Cahokia. In addition, in Oklahoma, the remains of a city of 100,000 people was discovered and destroyed and on a near-by hillside the remains of a massive forge complex was recently identified and is under current study. . . .] [Several Native American tribes have passed down legends of a race of white giants who were wiped out. ]
http://www.ancient-origins.net/unexplained-phenomena/top-ten-giant-discoveries-north-america-005196?nopaging=1
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjXDH3rjwfI
https://grahamhancock.com/dewhurstr1/

UPDATE TO: [the report in the Millennial Star suggests that "Jaredite" bones (and archaeological artifacts) may have been taken by one of the [directors of the road who lives in Holland, and the arrow heads and pottery were quietly packed up and forwarded to a museum, in Holland.] [Construction of the Kansas City, Pittsburg and Gulf Railway, later renamed the Kansas City Southern Railway, established the town. Preliminary plans had envisioned a railroad from Kansas City, Missouri, through western Arkansas to the Gulf of Mexico. The difficulty of laying tracks across the Boston Mountains influenced railroad owner Arthur Stilwell to reroute his line through Indian Territory (I.T.). ] [Arthur Edward Stilwell (October 21, 1859 – September 26, 1928) was the founder of Kansas City Southern Railway. He served as the railroad's president from 1897 to 1900. He was also the founder of Port Arthur, Texas.] . . . [The Panic of 1893 under U.S. President Grover Cleveland was on and the country was widespread with a severe financial panic which hampered the building of the railroad. . . . Then Stilwell, acting on one of his famous "hunches," decided to go to Holland to sell a $3,000,000 stock issue. Upon his arrival in Amsterdam, Holland, [Stilwell went to Zwolle, Holland and met with a rich coffee merchant whom he had met earlier on a European vacation - Jan De Goeijen (anglicized to John De Queen). De Queen sold a $3,000,000 stock issue for Stilwell's railroad.] As a token of appreciation to his Dutch friends, Stilwell named certain of these towns after them. DeGoeijen became DeQueen, Arkansas, the nearest Americans could come in the way of pronunciation. Mena, Arkansas, was named for DeGoeijen's wife, Mena. Vandervoort, Arkansas; Bloomburg and Nederland, Texas; Hornbeck and DeRidder, Louisiana, all were named for prominent Holland investors. Zwolle, Louisiana, is taken from the Netherlands city of DeGoeijen's birth. Amsterdam, Missouri took the name of the Netherlands' capital. DeQuincy, Louisiana, honors Baron DeQuincy, Dutch nobleman and early stockholder. Actually, [... On Oct. 15, 1897, the DeQueen Arkansas Bee ran this story: “...Mr. DeQueen , a guest of the city that was named in his honor; Pres. A. E. Stilwell, and others visited our thriving little city, and are delighted with its progress. Included with Mr. DeQueen and his wife, Mena, is Mr. E. DeQuincy of London. Stilwell had no problem with naming DeQuincy, Louisiana after his English investor...”]
http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=ST038
http://www.zwollela.net/node/3
http://www.kcshs.org/schedule/subs/images/history/kcs_hist.htm#Two%20Minds%20With%20a%20Single%20Thought
http://www.dequincyrailroadmuseum.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/DEQUINCYS_NAMESAKE.18135408.pdf

The domestication of Amazonia before European conquest. In particular, one might note the Conversational structures of Alto Perené (Arawak) of Peru, concerning Lake Totziraki, the speaker using a "pattern of the locational gesture being coincident with its talk affiliate"; that: "The lake is believed to be the place of residence of mythological horses." . . . [production of the pointing gesture with her hand] . . . "Yes, horses. When they would come to our village," . . . "they stayed here (in the lake)." [“History” elucidate the native notion of history, organized around two major space-time periods, pairani (mythic past times) and iroñaaka (modernity). The pairani period refers to the primordial times when humans, animals, plants, and other life-forms did not constitute separate worlds, when transformations of humans into nonhuman forms took place, either of the individual’s own accord or at the whim of the solar divinity Pava or the Ashéninka man called Naviriri Piantzinkari (Naviriri the Transformer).]
http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royprsb/282/1812/20150813.full.pdf
https://books.google.com/books?id=FjP7DQAAQBAJ&pg=PA140&lpg=PA140&dq=totziraki&source=bl&ots=NnIFi0_Mvp&sig=-WQnuUaShOJ_hMMkXbeRvDvYZRA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjl3PL3pOfVAhVFlFQKHVUbAJYQ6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=totziraki&f=false
https://muse.jhu.edu/book/35764

Note: Picturing Evolution and Extinction: Regeneration and Degeneration in Modern Visual Culture. Book description incorrectly states that: "it is timely to show that devolutionary paranoia is not new, but rather stretches back to the time of Charles Darwin." False. Actually, Book of Mormon cultures, and their devolutionary societies are specifically tied into our presently named Indigenous American cultures, who formerly rejected the fullness of the Gospel of Jesus Christ; compared to present "Gentiles". These "Gentiles" of North American and South American "Zion", certainly cannot logically, cannot be skewed and stuffed and puffed into a compartmentalization in Limited Geographic Theory. NO. Absurd on the face of it! Total Ridiculousness! The Book of Mormon does not just warn Heartland Gentiles. The Book of Mormon does not warn only Mesoamerican Gentiles. The Book of Mormon does not warn the Limited Peruvian Gentiles. The Book of Mormon warnings are for all Gentiles on the Face and Land of Zion; etc. [Wherefore, I will consecrate this land unto thy seed, and them who shall be numbered among thy seed, forever, for the land of their inheritance; for it is a choice land, saith God unto me, above all other lands, wherefore I will have all men that dwell thereon that they shall worship me, saith God.] [Having proved unworthy of protection by the “might” of the God of the land, the remnants of these people dwindled in unbelief until they reached the degradation in which Columbus found them. (First Presidency Message)]
http://www.cambridgescholars.com/picturing-evolution-and-extinction
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1979/09/americas-promise?lang=eng

SPEAKING OF MAPS and ASTRONOMY: [Portolan charts, it was always assumed, were compiled by medieval European mapmakers from contemporary sources. A Dutch doctoral dissertation now disproves this: these nautical charts are impossibly accurate, not just for medieval Europe, also for other likely sources, the Byzantines and the Arabs. So who made them – and when?] Answer: ["To the Phoenician people belongs the glory of having invented letters and discovered the sciences of astronomy, navigation and the art of war."  In Cory's Ancient Fragments, by Isaac Preston Cory, Esq., mention is made of the Greek historian previous to the Christian era, by name called Eupolemus. This Eupolemus notes that in the tenth generation, Abraham lived in Camarina of Babylonia [Urie], a city of the Chaldeans, and was of noble heritage and superior to all others in wisdom. Abraham was stated to be the inventor of astrology and the Chaldaean magic; esteemed of God due to his eminent and recognized piety. Under the direction of the God of Heaven, Abraham removed and lived in Phoenicia, and there taught the Phoenicians the motions of the sun and moon and all other things, for which reason, he was held in great reverence, by the Phoenician King. . . . Indeed, Hadrian (Scriptores Historiae Augustae, Quadrigae Tyrannorum 8.3) remarks that there is no chief of a synagogue who is not an astrologer (mathematicus), soothsayer (haruspex), or anointer (aliptes).  Moreover, in the middle of the second century, Vettius Valens, in his astrological work, Anthologiae (2.28,29), refers to Abraham as a most wonderful astrological authority. Furthermore, Abraham's skill in astrology is mentioned no fewer than four times in Firmicus Maternus' fourth century astrological treatise, the Mathesis (4: Proemium 5, 17.2, 17.5, and 18.1). . . .] " There is [historical validity of the existence of an Abraham, connected with knowledge of planetary motions, practice of an internationally recognized religious priesthood, as well as being a teacher and communicator through letters and writings.] The [plates of brass, the Book of Mormon is quite detailed on what the plates contained.] . . . [They contained, in addition, a listing of Lehi’s fathers back through Joseph of old (see 1 Ne. 5:14), linking the Lehite colony genealogically with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, thereby perpetuating the patriarchal covenant—“the promises made to the fathers” (D&C 2:2; JS—H 1:39)—in a new hemisphere. Finally, the plates contained a more extensive account of Old Testament peoples and events than the Bible (see 1 Ne. 5:12–13; 1 Ne. 13:23), although only a few precious remnants of this account are found in the Book of Mormon.] Such as: [saith the prophet Zenos. And the rocks of the earth must rend; and because of the groanings of the earth, many of the kings of the isles of the sea shall be wrought upon by the Spirit of God, to exclaim: The God of nature suffers.] Example of astronomy from Orthodox Church in America: Hieromartyr Dionysius the Areopagite the Bishop of Athens - [He then went to Egypt, where he studied astronomy at the city of Heliopolis. It was in Heliopolis, along with his friend Apollophonos where he witnessed the solar eclipse that occurred at the moment of the death of the Lord Jesus Christ by Crucifixion. “Either the Creator of all the world now suffers, or this visible world is coming to an end,” Dionysius said.] Note: Temples built in the Americas after the coming of Jesus Christ were built to perform ordinances for the living and deceased, under the fullness of Melchizedek Priesthood authority.
http://bigthink.com/strange-maps/648-portolan-charts-too-accurate-to-be-medieval
http://www.academia.edu/19454224/The_Premedieval_Origin_of_Portolan_Charts._new_Geodetic_Evidence
https://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/291367
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1988/01/the-plates-of-brass-a-witness-of-christ?lang=eng
http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1165572-piri-reis-map-evidence-of-a-very-advanced-prehistoric-civilization/
http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/961678-similar-petroglyphs-in-israel-america-reveal-ancient-global-language/
https://oca.org/saints/lives/2017/10/03/102843-hieromartyr-dionysius-the-areopagite-the-bishop-of-athens

I would be derelict in my duty as a genealogical research specialist, not to additionally mention, specifically, one statement made concerning the Piri Reis Map; namely: [Antarctica . . . that the land masses shifted . . . a rapid 15-degree pole shift . . . In an introduction to Hapgood's book "Earth's Shifting Crust," Albert Einstein praised Hapgood's theory and explained that these shifts could "produce a movement of the Earth's crust over the rest of the Earth's body, and this will displace the polar regions toward the equator."] My observation is that this shifting mechanism of the Earth, is directly attested to in the written records contained in the Bible. It is stated: [that Joshua had the power and authority of Moses], and [Moses was magnified by the Lord in the eyes of Israel when God parted the Red Sea]. How did the Sun Stand Still in the Heavens? [The Book of Mormon makes it clear that it was the earth, not the sun, that was involved in Joshua’s miracle. . . .Yea, if he say unto the earth—Thou shalt go back, that it lengthen out the day for many hours—it is done; And thus, according to his word the earth goeth back, and it appeareth unto man that the sun standeth still; yea, and behold, this is so; for surely it is the earth that moveth and not the sun.. . . (Helaman 12:13–17.)] IT IS NOT that the [earth should stop in its rotation to lengthen a day]; IT IS RATHER, that, as Albert Einstein explained . . . [these shifts could "produce a movement of the Earth's crust over the rest of the Earth's body, and this will displace the polar regions toward the equator."] [To establish time zones, Earth's rotation rate of 360 degrees of longitude per day was divided by 24 hours. The result shows that Earth turns 15 degrees of longitude per hour.] So, to [lengthen out the day for many hours—it is done]; indicates that the Earth's crust was shifting for a period of approximately 24 hours. Similar to: [Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.] This is just another example of how modern science is so completely off, on time scale presentations. DNA time projections are completely false, that do not "turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse." This means all DNA that does not scientifically identify in a few thousand years, the genetic population bottleneck for our father Noah, is absolutely false, and will bring a curse upon us. Anyone who is endowed with the spirit of truth, knows that the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History statement, is also false: "Homo sapiens does not have a true type specimen. In other words, there is not a particular Homo sapiens individual that researchers recognize as being the specimen that gave Homo sapiens its name." The whole essence of the testimony of Jesus Christ, is that He is the perfect example, as God, of the ideal representation, in physical body and refined spirit matter: the prototype of mankind. [The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.]
http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1165572-piri-reis-map-evidence-of-a-very-advanced-prehistoric-civilization/
https://www.lds.org/manual/old-testament-student-manual-genesis-2-samuel/joshua-1-24-the-entry-into-the-promised-land?lang=eng
https://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/investigations/es0405/es0405page06.cfm
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/isa/38.8?lang=eng
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-sapiens
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/rom/8.16-17

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Alphabetic History of Civilization: Ancient and Modern Genealogies
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm

Question: Why was Eve, the Mother of All Living, first to be tempted in the Garden of Eden? Answer: Posterity habits indicate she was tending the garden, cultivating agricultural resources. Adam was involved in herding grazing animals, as well as in writing records on earth, as he was and still is the priesthood patriarch of all mankind; providing documentation concerning his own personal ministry; information that was also recorded and preserved, or sealed in the heavens, by the power of God, through His Son Jesus Christ.
http://www.jonesoil.ie/blog/women-in-agriculture/
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Record_Keeping

Human-type people on the earth long before Adam and Eve, who were not capable (advanced?) of becoming God/like enough to endure His presence, contradicts the fact that central to God’s plan for His spirit children is His own declaration, that: “This is my work and my glory—to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man” (Moses 1:39). The Lord God said to Moses: “And worlds without number have I created; and I also created them for mine own purpose; and by the Son I created them, which is mine Only Begotten” (Moses 1:33). Therefore, there is no logic, there is no need, in the sight of God, who has the master plan and the priesthood, (the power by which the heavens and earth were and are created), to form sub-human creatures. This is a philosophy of men. Every mother who loves her newborn child, by natural instinct, inspects the child's body for the slightest defect in her infant creation, and is only satisfied when she finds perfection from the hair on the top of the head to the little toes. (Genesis 5:3) says Seth was in the likeness and image of his father, who was born when Adam was 130 years old, and Doctrine and Covenants (D&C 107:43) adds that [Because he (Seth) was a perfect man, and his likeness was the express likeness of his father, insomuch that he seemed to be like unto his father in all things, and could be distinguished from him only by his age.] [The prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. when visiting his sister Catherine, said of his brother Alvin, “He was a very handsome man, surpassed by none but Adam and Seth” (History of the Church, 5:247).] Genetic purity was the norm in the early ages of this earth, at the beginning of its temporal existence, and this genetic purity appears to have been particularly carried down to the present time, within the Joseph Smith, Sr. family organization. And Adam knew his wife, and she bare unto him sons and daughters, and they began to multiply and to replenish the earth. And from that time forth, the sons and daughters of Adam began to divide two and two in the land, and to till the land, and to tend flocks, and they also begat sons and daughters. It would have been impossible, in the realm of marriage relationships, for brothers to marry sisters, as is disclosed in Moses 5:3, unless there was extreme genetic purity, as noted by image likeness between Seth and Adam, etc. Thus, “If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are” (1 Cor. 3:16–17). The Lord carried this out by the Flood during Noah's time, future predicted burning of much of the earth that will occur, prior to the coming of Jesus Christ, and destruction on the American Continents when Christ appeared, after His resurrection, as well as scripture notations of similar smaller regional actions. It is a further theological contradiction to assert that Adam and Eve, “they would have had no children; wherefore they would have remained in a state of innocence, having no joy, for they knew no misery; doing no good, for they knew no sin” (2 Ne. 2:23); yet, at the same time, and before, human-type people on the earth long before Adam and Eve, had the power of procreation and were thus in this power, a godly power, far superior to Adam and Eve, our First Parents. Totally illogical, as physical birth would have occurred, with no sin attached, as well as no mental capacity to recognize and become godly. Such creatures would have been placed outside the redemptive powers of Christ. It is like saying little infants, or children before age eight, need baptism, or that developmentally disabled children are forever kept without of the kingdom of God. Christ is put to an open shame, the plan of salvation destroyed, and blasphemy exalted. From an LDS standpoint, suggesting the Celestial Garden of Eden was an invention or an extension of progressive lower intelligence, is as much as to say, that the Telestial Kingdom spawns, or has power to platform into the Terrestrial Kingdom, which then morphs into the eternal Celestial Kingdom, with all of its attendant glories; whereas, actual control is applied exactly opposite. “Our Father who dwells in yonder heavens, and his Son Jesus Christ, inhabit the highest degree of glory in eternity. They are possessed of all the fulness of glory. They have a fulness of happiness, a fulness of power, a fulness of intelligence, light and truth, and they bear rule over all other kingdoms of inferior glory, of inferior happiness, and of inferior power. … The gospel is intended to exalt the children of men to that same degree of glory, where our Father and where his Son resides” (Deseret News, Nov. 10, 1880, 642). General Authorities Bruce R. McConkie (in Seven Deadly Heresies), Spencer W. Kimball (in Miracle of Forgiveness), and Joseph Fielding Smith (in Doctrines of Salvation) have stated that once someone is within a kingdom of glory, that person remains within that kingdom for all eternity; no one can advance out of a kingdom. Thus, [And again, we saw the glory of the telestial, which glory is that of the lesser, even as the glory of the stars differs from that of the glory of the moon in the firmament. . . . These are they who receive not of his fulness in the eternal world, but of the Holy Spirit through the ministration of the terrestrial; And the terrestrial through the ministration of the celestial.]
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/topic/celestial-kingdom

"Without the knowledge of all things God would not be able to save any portion of his creatures." Latter-day Saints who refuse to believe the earth was created over millions of years and insist on the young earth philosophy, do so, because there is NO prima facie case sufficiently established by the peer reviewed communities, the "scientific" evidence, to justify a favorable verdict; i.e., [non rebuttable presumptive evidence of humans dating back tens of thousands of years.] It is all derived from secular, non-Biblical, non-Mormon, atheistic centered opinion, a telestial mentality, if you will, of competing, independent, star power bright light "scholars", whose origins and dating estimates are constantly contested, within their own disciplines under consideration, and have changed with clock-like regularity, over the multitude of years I have reviewed it, in the public domain. These attempts of hindsight, not immediate time connected presumptions, are disproved or rebutted in: Translating Time: The Nature and Function of Joseph Smith's Narrative Cannon*, by Kathleen Flake, of Vanderbilt University; etc. She states, among other things, that: " Scholars themselves are famous, however, for thriving on what bores others". As a professional genealogist, I have been required, by extensive training, education and experience, to look at all sides of any issue concerning the history of mankind, from Adam and Eve, as well as all and every one of the possible processes of creation. I am especially aware of Section 138 of the Doctrine and Covenants, in which, President Joseph F. Smith, noted: "I sat in my room pondering over the scriptures; . . . While I was thus engaged, my mind reverted to the writings of . . . I opened the Bible and read the third and fourth chapters of the first epistle of Peter, and as I read I was greatly impressed, more than I had ever been before, with the following passages: . . . As I pondered over these things which are written, the eyes of my understanding were opened, and the Spirit of the Lord rested upon me, and I saw the hosts of the dead, both small and great. . . ." This relates to [Contemporaneous sources indicate that Smith made his more extensive changes to KJV Genesis by employing the same methods as when working from records purportedly written in ancient languages. Smith is quoted as saying: “After I got through translating the Book of Mormon, I took up the Bible to read with the Urim and Thummim. I read the first chapter of Genesis, and I saw the things as they were done, I turned over the next and the next, and the whole passed before me like a grand panorama; and so on chapter after chapter until I read the whole of it. I saw it all!” A more authoritative account is provided by Smith himself in February 1832. “Upon my return from Amherst [Massachusetts] conference, I resumed the translation of the Scriptures.. . . While translating St. John’s Gospel, myself and Elder Rigdon saw the following vision” {two witnesses} of the resurrection of the dead. Finally, in an 1843 funeral sermon, probably alluding to the account in Matt. 27:52 of graves opening at the death of Jesus, Smith spoke of “the visions that roll like an overflowing surge, before my mind.” More specifically, he said, “I saw the graves open & the saints as they arose took each other by the hand . . . while setting up.” Thus, although many emendations are editorial, the more radical of Smith’s changes to the Bible were understood by him as a function of what he saw when reading it.] Thus, in TRANSLATING TIME, (and for all of our LDS Church prophets), [Joseph Smith’s work clearly illustrates . . . the extent to which he claims to translate from documentary sources, and his followers rely on these claims for their sense of the historicity of his work. . . . the JST is an unabashed “recitation of events purporting to be actual historical occurrences. The obvious impression . . . is that the reader is being treated to a record of historic events lost from all other versions of the Bible."] As a genealogical research specialist, I treat all scriptures as primary source documentation, as all prophets of God have revealed the immediate time connected presumptions. Example given: [JST Mark’s version of the institution narrative is typical. Additions to the KJV are indicated here in italics ( ): “This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many. (And as oft as ye do this ordinance, ye will remember me in this hour that I was with you and drank with you of this cup, even the last time in my ministry.) Verily I say unto you, (Of this ye shall bear record;) for I will no more drink of the fruit of the vine (with you), until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God. (And now they were grieved and wept over him.)] Biblical verification is time dated specific.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Lectures_on_Faith
https://my.vanderbilt.edu/kathleenflake/files/2012/01/JR-flake_translating_time.pdf

I am Book of Mormon simple, as it relates to science, and Book of Mormon archaeology in particular. I test all theory and assumptions of fact upon the basis of the light of Christ within me. I don't need a college degree or even a high school education to comprehend any revelation from God. It is intrinsic within my physical body, as well as in all of the physical bodies of all mankind, male and female, who wish to listen; so we are all on the same level playing ground, LDS members or non members, and as brothers and sisters, we are all the children of God. When the Holy Ghost speaks through any authorized representative, I am listening to formal counsel, originating from an immortal Being, who speaks to my physical body within me, without any consideration of my temporal, physical body, or its dissolution. Enoch had the power of the language which God had given him, by which he spake the word of the Lord, and the earth trembled (listened, or was receptive to godly powerful commands in an instant of specific dated time), and the mountains fled, even according to his command; and the rivers of water were turned out of their course; and there went forth a curse upon all people that fought against God, because the spirit of the Lord withdrew from them, and their physical bodies actually changed. This is not evolution. This is devolution, meaning descent or degeneration to a lower or worse state, and this was before the flood of Noah. Natural selection is defined as the "differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype. It is a key mechanism of evolution, the change in heritable traits of a population over time." These differences in phenotype have come from the differences caused in the physical bodies of mankind, through their own free agency, in their selectivity of choices, in keeping the commandments of God, the Eternal Father, or Ahman. This is not a series of random mutations arising in the genomes of individual organisms, and their offspring inheriting such mutations. It it the result of overt rebellion of the children of God, in ages past, and their offspring inheriting such mutations, and their moldering bodies and living biological discharges, defiling the whole earth itself, and all living creatures or organisms, over time, above, upon, and residing within the earth itself. [Enoch looked upon the earth; and he heard a voice from the bowels thereof, saying: Wo, wo is me, the mother of men; I am pained, I am weary, because of the wickedness of my children. When shall I rest, and be cleansed from the filthiness which is gone forth out of me? When will my Creator sanctify me, that I may rest, and righteousness for a season abide upon my face?] By the commands of my fathers, as in Enoch, mountains fled, even according to his command; and the rivers of water were turned out of their course; as in also Book of Mormon prophets; as well as in the power exercised by the very Melchizedek, King of Righteousness; [For God having sworn unto Enoch and unto his seed with an oath by himself; that every one being ordained after this order and calling should have power, by faith, to break mountains, to divide the seas, to dry up waters, to turn them out of their course; To put at defiance the armies of nations, to divide the earth, to break every band, to stand in the presence of God; to do all things according to his will, according to his command, subdue principalities and powers; and this by the will of the Son of God which was from before the foundation of the world.] So, the word was given, and the facts are declared, for BYU and others, who wish to listen to the still small voice, that there is NO man upon the face of this earth, in THIS day and age, that can declare, in truth, without insulting himself or herself before the very Throne of God in the heavens, that they would know that from all present evidence, material evidence, physical evidence, archaeological evidence, that the elements upon the earth can reveal the history of the world to millions of years, in the past. This can and will only be possible when each and every former priesthood dispensation is revealed, containing the WRITTEN ACTS of said priesthoods, in changing the physical, surface configurations upon the earth; which has been written by Ahman, and preserved, through the power of Jesus Christ, within the celestial Urim and Thummim archives of heaven. All else is foolishness, or exceedingly presumptive earthly pride, an unholy concoction of coordinated arrogance by the earthly learned, who do not know God, nor of His Christ.

A Horse is a Horse, even if it's an American Horse. "Centuries-old bones of horses unearthed in Carlsbad" - The San Diego Union-Tribune; dated July 17, 2005. "Archaeologists working against the clock in Carlsbad have unearthed another nearly intact skeleton of a horse that may have lived and died 50 years before the Spanish began their conquest of California." . . . "of constant habitation over 5,000 years on the hilltop" which would mean approximation with Jaredite & Nephite, of Book of Mormon fame. [And they also had horses, and asses, and there were elephants and cureloms and cumoms; all of which were useful unto man, and more especially the elephants and cureloms and cumoms.] This exactly matches the findings of "bones of the horses and the donkey", as "donkey or ass (Equus africanus asinus) is a domesticated member of the horse family, Equidae." Speaking briefly, concerning "fantasy extinction dates", these come from "ice age" intellectualism. Those who believe in Jehovah, are impressed with the fact that "scientists discover an ocean 400 miles beneath our feet that could fill our oceans three times over." This was reported on June 17, 2014, which matches the great deep, and "It is interesting that up to 70 percent or more of what comes out of volcanoes today is water, often in the form of steam." This is significant, because at the same time, on March 12, 2014, it was reported that "Rare Diamond Confirms That Earth's Mantle Holds an Ocean's Worth of Water". So if you have a global rainstorm, covering the whole earth an one time, there is no sunshine reaching this young earth whatsoever, anywhere upon the planet, and, many portions of the earth, including the North and South Poles, are going to be experiencing massive snow storms of monumental magnitude. An inch of rain fall equates to from 5:1 to 20:1, or more, snow, (temperature range of 20 to 40 degrees). Cooling events would be rapidly happening, because there would be no sunlight striking the planet directly, near the equator, altering the tropics from being warmer regions than the polar regions. In a nutshell, "fantasy extinction dates", are blown out of the water, so to speak, by scientific research, which is now beginning to prove that Jesus Christ does not lie; that the Bible, Book of Mormon, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Joseph Smith, Jr., prophets, etc., are true and correct.
http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/sdut-centuries-old-bones-of-horses-unearthed-in-2005jul17-story.html
https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/184564-scientists-discover-an-ocean-400-miles-beneath-our-feet-that-could-fill-our-oceans-three-times-over
http://www.christiananswers.net/q-aig/aig-c010.html
http://www.nbcphiladelphia.com/weather/stories/10-Inches-of-Snow-Equal-1-Inch-of-Rain-Rumor-80740277.html
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/rare-diamond-confirms-that-earths-mantle-holds-an-oceans-worth-of-water/
[Plate tectonics recycles Earth's crust by pushing and pulling slabs of oceanic crust into subduction zones, where it sinks into the mantle. This crust, soaked by the ocean, ferries water into the mantle. Many of these slabs end up stuck in the mantle transition zone. "We think that a significant portion of the water in the mantle transition zone is from the emplacement of these slabs," Pearson said. "The transition zone seems to be a graveyard of subducted slabs."] Observation Note: The Bible suggests a direct correlation between the Flood of Noah, and the subsequent division of the earth during the days of Peleg. The return of water to the great deep, along with melting of massive amounts of ice and snow, would have changed global pressure points upon the Earth's crust, which then became altered, divided, and returned, or pushed and pulled back down, by the force of internal gravity, tectonic plates into its subduction zones, distorting the oceanic crust between the American Continents and other inter-regional continental land masses. This is based upon the correct assertion that "within the second day of creation, God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament. This creative act is now well defined as the gravitational field created by the mass of the earth as an independent entity." [Compressed liquid gravitation field; then with rigid land mass]. Notation: Truth, or the light of Christ is in the sun, and the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made; in the moon, and is the light of the moon, and the power thereof by which it was made; is the light of the stars, and the power thereof by which they were made; is the light of the earth also, and the power thereof, even the earth upon which we all stand; whose final destiny is to become glorified and exalted into a celestial world, a sea of glass and fire. Nevertheless after a thousand years, the end shall come, and the heaven and the earth shall be consumed and pass away, and there shall be a new heaven and a new earth. We are walking on a future star or sun in its brightness and glory; therefore, a new star is born in the similitude of this earth during its temporal time frame. The future is a guide to the past, with space science suggesting the earth will end up vaporized in approximately 7.6 billion years from now; also, most scientists predict that every living thing upon this earth faces a certain extinction, 1 billion years from now, as the sun's growing glow transforms the earth into a global desert. Since Jesus Christ and His Father, and the Holy Ghost are Omnipresent, there is a transmission process in the Universe that is faster than the speed of light, when time is no longer, in the realm of spirit matter. The time frame predictions of secular scientists are off, as it pertains to this earth, as to its future destiny, beginning with its death, by 1,000 approximate years to 1 billion years, or 1,000 approximate years to 7.6 billion years, or mathematically, by one million error times, or seven million six hundred thousand times. Book of Mormon Archaeology cannot be considered viable, based upon questionable dating; and, our real ancestors descend from Biblical Adam and Eve.
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/rare-diamond-confirms-that-earths-mantle-holds-an-oceans-worth-of-water/

When speaking of the Amazon Rainforest, find interest in the fact that it was determined, in AD 2006, that the "Amazon River Once Flowed Other Way". "Geologists in the United States and Brazil say the discovery that the river previously flowed east-to-west was accidental. " Placed within a Biblical-Book of Mormon framework, it is stated that [The Amazon was flowing west-to-east, as it does now, when the shift occurred. That reversal is "almost certainly tied" to the breakup of the South American and African continents . . .] . . . ["When that happened, the east coast [of South America] was uplifted—and the whole river flowed the other way," he said.] So the whole problem is questionable dating periods, as well as making a new evaluation of what really happened during the terrible times when Jesus Christ was hung on the cross, as it pertains to the American Continents. For those sober minded in thought, The University of Sao Paulo's Dr Victor Sacek, mentioned that [most of what is now the Amazon basin was drained by a river that flowed west into a giant lake that lay at the feet of the northern Andes. From there the water flowed north to the Caribbean Sea (and) this water was then swept west into the Pacific.] . . . [the rise of the Andes as the South American plate rode over the Nazca Plate can explain the process] . . . This then puts a new twist into the Land Northward, the Land Southward, the Sea West and the Sea East. Since the Doctrine and Covenants is true, all this happens within an approximate 6,000 year time frame of reference. Comparatively remember, that [While the Amazon discharges five times as much water as any other river on the planet, The Orinoco and the Rio de la Plata run the same way, each dwarfing any river in North America or Europe in the process. ]; i.e., as mentioned heretofore, the previously considered matter concerning the Orinoco River Basin, and its earlier trajectory suggesting discharge into the Caribbean Sea, etc.; as well as the true location of the city of Zarahemla, within and upon the South American Continent.
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/10/061025-amazon-river.html
http://www.iflscience.com/physics/amazon-river-flows-backwards-and-now-scientists-have-figured-out-why/
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/77?lang=eng
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155042481646424&id=261975771423

Gomorrah, of Sodom and Gomorrah fame. As in: ga-mōr´a, in suggestions for pronouncing Book of Mormon names and terms. [According to the Torah, the kingdoms of Sodom and Gomorrah were allied with the cities of Admah, Zeboim and Bela; with KJV Go-morrah being interrelated to Book of Mormon Cu-morah / Ca-morah / Co-morah; similar to the real Akkadian words or names, Aha, or Ahah; noted in Nephite and Jaredite Book of Mormon military history and genealogical records.] Of great interest to genealogical and family history research, is the fact that Lot made an exceedingly critical comparison to the area, saying, as in the KJV "And Lot lifted up his eyes and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered everywhere (before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah), even as the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt as thou comest unto Zoar." So, if we believe in the words of Joseph Smith, Jr., [even as the garden of the Lord], would have been a reference to the very Garden of Eden, which was known by our father Abraham, to have been established within the regions of Adam-ondi-Ahman, upon the now North American Continent, being the area of Missouri, in the United States of America. Joseph Smith, Jr. makes an additional comment, Genesis, 13:14, that: [And the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, (time specific) Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art, northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward; [and remember the covenant which I make with thee; for it shall be an everlasting covenant; and thou shalt remember the days of Enoch thy father;] So here we have the very fact of our father Abraham, being taught by the Lord, two connective insights; that the land is his to possess, as well as the command jointly given, to remember the days of Enoch "thy father"; meaning, his ancestor, from whose seed he did come. In other words, speaking from examples given in our day and age, Abraham had his patriarchal blessing lineage declared, unto Enoch, by the word of the Lord. Ahah! Then, we should begin to appreciate, as collectively being Adamic related words, Sodom and Gomorrah, as well as [with the cities of Admah (red earth), Zeboim and Bela] {So-dom and Go-mor-rah, and Ad-mah and Ze-bo-im and Be-la <Zoara / Zoar>; with Segor as Septuagint form of Zoar}. Now, Zoara means insignificance or small; yet, the Ancient World’s Largest Cemetery has been Identified at Biblical Zoar (Ancient Zoora), as noted by the Biblical Archaeology Society Staff, in an article dated 02/28/2012. The new Lot’s cave museum, located at the lowest elevation on earth southeast of the Dead Sea, is filled with well-lit gallery spaces that showcase the many finds made by Dr. Konstantinos Politis and others in Biblical Zoar (Zoora). Continuing, Admah (red earth), "a description which would hardly apply to the ground near the Dead Sea", according to Dictionary.com, does indeed tie into Book of Mormon archaeology, if one has faith in the words of Joseph Smith, Jr., as: Ultisols, commonly known as red clay soils, are one of twelve soil orders in the United States Department of Agriculture soil taxonomy. Lo and Behold, on the Map showing distribution and types of ultisols throughout the United States; the dominant suborders includes Udults, as included in the Missouri area, United States of America! President Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, and George Q. Cannon declared that Jackson County was the site of the biblical Garden of Eden. Evaluating Map showing "Percent of Land Area in Ultisols, within the United States", points to red earth, or red clay soils, as located just south of the biblical Garden of Eden. Since "there is no ultisol on the Ohio River flood plains, as the river has historically deposited other soil types there during its regular natural flooding"; this suggests, along with the fact that "Ultisols occur in humid temperate or tropical regions"; also, "overlays with the Piedmont Plateau, which runs as a diagonal line through the South from southeast (in Alabama) to northwest (up through Virginia, and even into parts of Maryland)"; and therefore, "the mountains of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and on the plains of Olaha Shinehah, or the land where Adam dwelt," were lowered, and the Piedmont Plateau was elevated, in the last few thousand years. Previous to that time, the Ohio River flood plains would have been one of the four river source systems, from the Garden of Eden, going in an opposite direction than the direction observed in modern times, with the southern section of the Mississippi River being a second river going south into the united, multi-continental global land unit. Valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, reconstructed with connections to present day gold mining and Pangaea, shows a pattern of finds from the United States, flowing down through Middle and Central America, parallel South American and African continental connections, to deposits within southern South Africa; to India, Indonesia  and Australia; also, tributary connection into northwest United States, Canada, Alaska, to Russian Siberia and Middle East regions. Biblical and other texts, suggest that the identification of regions by large river systems, indicates ancient use of these waterways for transport and travel (D&C 61). The mention of gold and other precious metals gave sign posts to the posterity of Adam, for determination of location in relation to various family migrations, from the region of the first human homestead, situated near the garden of Eden. Zeboim are Gazelles or roes; "Deer (plural); goats; gazelles; roes". Goats are mentioned among the animals once had by the Jaredites (Ether 9:18). Later, after their arrival in the land of promise Lehi’s family encountered “the goat and the wild goat” as they traveled in the wilderness in the land southward (1 Nephi 18:25). [even as the garden of the Lord] suggests more ancient connectivity, as to animals similar to the American Continent, back to Adam our Father, and our Mother Eve.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155553247331424&id=261975771423 (updating)
http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/biblical-archaeology-sites/ancient-world%E2%80%99s-largest-cemetery-identified-at-biblical-zoar-ancient-zoora/
http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/biblical-archaeology-sites/new-lot%E2%80%99s-cave-museum-set-to-open-at-ancient-zoar-zoora/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultisol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultisol#/media/File:Ultisol-map-1.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultisol#/media/File:Ultisol-map-2.gif
https://www4.uwsp.edu/geo/faculty/lemke/geog101/lectures/13_global_soil_patterns.html
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/Simplified_world_mining_map_2.png
http://www.minelinks.com/alluvial/gold_map_5.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pangaea#/media/File:Pangaea_continents.svg
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/61?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1994/01/i-have-a-question?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/history-photos/photo-10?lang=eng

I use simple, basic equations. One is the light of Christ; it is defined as "the divine energy, power, or influence that proceeds from God through Christ and gives life and light to all things." The light of Christ is "the law by which all things are governed in heaven and on earth", as well as conscience capacity, which is given to every person. Of particular interest, to the discussion at hand, and this is "personal", insomuch as I receive it to be the truth, "Which truth shineth. This is the light of Christ. As also he is in the sun, and the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made." So, my "personal" opinion is the word of Jesus Christ, as he has declared it unto the Church through scriptures. From the archives of Scientific American, there is the title, “Stumbling Toward an Understanding of Geologic Timescales", in which mention is made that for Harlow Shapley, in 1919, the radiometric timescale was fully established, even though he acknowledged that there was as yet no explanation for the sun’s energy. Then, in 1920, Sir Arthur Eddington came up with the answer: the fusion of hydrogen into helium. Here then is the use of a simple, basic, mathematical equation, that: The Light of Christ = the fusion of hydrogen into helium, as pertaining to the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made. Then, I return to the 1660s, when [Nicolas Steno formulated our modern concepts of deposition of horizontal strata. He inferred that where the layers are not horizontal, they must have been tilted since their deposition and noted that different strata contain different kinds of fossil.] It is at this point that my "personal" belief is connected to the Temple Endowment and the powers of the Melchizedek Priesthood; it is mentioned in detail, heretofore on this list, because, the whole case of the scriptures, is that ancient and modern prophets, as well as Jehovah, did have, and still do have, in the most elementary terms, the ability to mix up the layers of the earth, to change the "tilting" of the pre-created and set foundations of the earth itself, exercising the keys of the Universe. Thus, James Hutton, and his [recognition that unconformities between successive layers implied that deposition had been interrupted by enormously long periods of tilt and erosion] is therefore not true, since this implies no ongoing oversight, by Jehovah. Continuing, the Lord Jesus Christ says, and I make it "personal", in that I receive it into by soul with full purpose of heart and mind and being, that: [he is in the moon, and is the light of the moon, and the power thereof by which it was made.] I note then, that [The abundance of helium-3 is thought to be greater on the Moon than on Earth, having been embedded in the upper layer of regolith by the solar wind], and helium-3 is also present on earth and other terrestrial planets and their "moons". [The unique atomic structure of helium-3 promised to make it possible to use it as fuel for nuclear fusion, the process that powers the sun, to generate vast amounts of electrical power without creating the troublesome radioactive byproducts produced in conventional nuclear reactors. Extracting helium-3 from the moon and returning it to Earth would, of course, be difficult, but the potential rewards would be staggering for those who embarked upon this venture. . . .

All this is part of [The light which is in all things, which giveth life to all things, which is the law by which all things are governed, even the power of God who sitteth upon his throne, who is in the bosom of eternity, who is in the midst of all things.] Science is a function of reproducible experiments and observations, with “nature”, as Robert Boyle emphasized, being “the normal course of events”; and, a literal resurrection contradicts the known laws of nature, as they are subject to death and degeneration, by the acts of Adam and Eve. This then is the grand Priesthood Key, [which giveth you light, is through him who enlighteneth your eyes, which is the same light that quickeneth your understandings]; because, the temporal earth, or nature, is seen through natural observation, whereas all spiritual laws are centered in quickened resurrection. And so, [resurrection from the dead is the redemption of the soul. And the redemption of the soul is through him that quickeneth all things, in whose bosom it is decreed that the poor and the meek of the earth shall inherit it.] So it all boils down to this, that Jesus Christ has the "quickening" power, which comes from a higher order of intelligence; One who is of the order of the fusion of hydrogen into helium, as pertaining to the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made. The spirit and the body are the soul of man, and it is therefore self evident, since the spirit of man does continue after death, that it was created immortal, by eternal heavenly beings, and that everyone within themselves has a portion of this eternal quickening "id". The personality of the newborn child is virtuous at birth and in a state of complete innocence, having lost a knowledge of all past and present existence, and is all id, and only later does it develop an ego and super-ego. The "id" concept or idea that every wishful impulse should be satisfied immediately, is actually a positive attribute to be found during the Millennium, when Satan is bound, (as in childhood), [And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.] (Isaiah 65:24). And of course, this is why all children on earth, under the age of eight need no baptism, and why infant baptism is declared to be such an abomination in the Book of Mormon.
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-science-figured-out-the-age-of-the-earth/
http://www.popularmechanics.com/space/moon-mars/a235/1283056/
https://askabiologist.asu.edu/content/atoms-life

The beginning and end of the topic is that in the spirit world, after exaltation through celestial marriage, in the highest degree of glory in the celestial kingdom of God, the Eternal Father, there is no death. That being said, "A man normally delivers 200-500 million sperm per ejaculation." So, a Heavenly Mother has female reproductive organs, whose newly released eggs over time, will procreate 200-500 million spirit children, from one brief encounter with a Heavenly Father. This is not a laughing matter; contemplate, when considering the labors performed by heavenly mothers in realms of ancient eternity. In short, [The same revelation that taught of plural marriage was part of a larger revelation given to Joseph Smith—that marriage could last beyond death and that eternal marriage was essential to inheriting the fulness that God desires for His children. ]; [Marriage performed by priesthood authority meant that the procreation of children and perpetuation of families would continue into the eternities. Joseph Smith’s revelation on marriage declared that the “continuation of the seeds forever and ever” helped to fulfill God’s purposes for His children.]; [In the revelation on marriage, the Lord promised participants “crowns of eternal lives” and “exaltation in the eternal worlds.”]. Ahman is thus the Almighty God of this earth, with billions of children; etc.; Son Ahman, or Jesus Christ, Jehovah, is the Savior of them all. Great plan. Two wives together could essentially create up to a billion children over a short period of time (days), in celestial circumstances; i.e., taking God's time into consideration, a thousand years to us on earth is only one day to God. As a side point, World Population Since Creation suggests " . . . Even if we use rates appropriate for the present world (x = 1 and C = 1.5), over 3 billion people could easily have been on earth at the time of Noah."; Noah living from 2944 B.C. to 1994 B.C. Ham, or, Pharaoh, being a righteous man, established his kingdom and judged his people wisely and justly all his days, seeking earnestly to imitate that order established by the fathers in the first generations, in the days of the first patriarchal reign, even in the reign of Adam, and also of Noah, his father, who blessed him with the blessings of the earth, and with the blessings of wisdom, but cursed him as pertaining to the Priesthood. (Abraham 1:26) Thus, in the beginning of the Egyptian ruling class of Pharaoh, beginning with Ham, who was righteous, that he could read and write, and was highly self-educated, as he was "seeking earnestly to imitate that order established by the fathers in the first generations, in the days of the first patriarchal reign, even in the reign of Adam"; all of which he could not do, unless a record had been kept, and we know it was, from Abraham's declaration of handed down records, and that thus copies were of necessity brought forth, that the male heads, of Shem, Ham and Japheth. would possess, and hand down, among intermarried children, the posterity of Noah. Otherwise, the Bible would not have declared posterity descendants for all three patriarchal branches. God the Father, anthropomorphized Himself, in the life and death of His Son, Jesus Christ, who had human traits, emotions, and intentions, and overcame the world, and bled blood from every pore in His body, was crucified, and Man, he died for us! And, fundamentally, to know more about Heavenly Mother, (she does exist indeed), one needs to know Heavenly Father, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom He has sent, and this can be evaluated in patriarchal priesthood interactions in ancient biblical records. The key to consider is only this: That there is no death in the celestial kingdom, and male reproductive seed in humans die, in our present state, and as gods in some future time, they will mate with eggs that will not die. President Brigham Young noted celestial bodies have no blood in them; thus they appear in their glory whiter and brighter than the Sun in the heavens. The brother of Jared saw the body of Christ and it was glorious in its fullness and power. So too is the continuation of the seeds in eternity. A celestial body cannot create death. Lucifer chose his own death. Gods do not create sin. Their children do so through their own free agency. Every egg in the body of heavenly mother is nourished by her celestial fluids and prepared for conception. Fertility and egg development continues throughout the eternities, after a women is exalted within the highest degree of glory in the Celestial Kingdom of God, as a Queen Mother.
https://www.lds.org/topics/plural-marriage-in-kirtland-and-nauvoo?lang=eng
http://www.ldolphin.org/popul.html
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#012
https://www.lds.org/manual/teachings-brigham-young/chapter-37?lang=eng
Notes: From an intense study of Utah History, compared with scripture, and from the writings about "The Deseret Connection". by Hugh W. Nibley. [From the first the symbol of the bee captivated the imagination of the Latter-day Saints in their migrations and their settlements; the emblematic hive became the seal of the territory and state and adorned every important edifice within the vast expanse of “our lovely Deseret.”] The queen bee brings to consciousness, from our primordial, pre-earthly past, the continuation of the biological cycle, as centered in the Holy Queen Mother of All Living, in the Heavens. [As the sole bee in her caste, the queen bee is an illustrious member of the beehive. She is not only unique among her colony’s population, she is vital to maintaining that population. A queen can lay up to 1,500 eggs a day! Although egg laying is her main gig, the queen has many other qualities that may surprise you. . . .]
http://oneclimbs.com/2013/03/25/symbolism-of-the-bee-the-deseret-connection-by-hugh-w-nibley/
http://beekeepinglikeagirl.com/6-things-you-didnt-know-about-queen-bees/

This book evaluates historical knowledge as it relates to ancient and modern genealogies. Information gleaned from social contexts, both secular and religious, are reviewed, using modern genealogical research specialist standards: to properly reconstruct and correctly portray real historical lives and family pedigrees. Cultural, religious and family tradition, (their stated facts and viewpoints), are surveyed within given ancient contexts of primary and secondary record sources, as handed down for the benefit of our modern generation. Modern claims of genealogical attachment to biblical records are noted, with remarks.
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Books: The [Stick] of Judah - Levi - Nathan
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm

http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogylevi.htm

http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogynathan.htm
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Fragmented Pedigrees of the Tribe of Ephraim
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#D.__FRAGMENTED_PEDIGREES_OF_THE_TRIBE_OF_EPHRAIM

Thomas Milton Tinney, Sr
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm#152

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DNA Studies Are Forever Altered By Priesthood Authority
Over Generations Of Time, From Adam and Eve Until Now

How can anyone intelligently believe in Joseph Smith, Jr., as a prophet of God, and then consider DNA Studies as a viable test for anyone's ancestry? [The Lord had his eyes upon him, and upon his father, and upon his father's father, and upon their progenitors clear back to Abraham, and from Abraham to the flood, and from the flood to Enoch, and from Enoch to Adam.] Ronald Dean Anderson has noted that Joseph Smith, Jr. stated: [The Holy Ghost has no other effect than pure intelligence. It is more powerful in expanding the mind, enlightening the understanding, and storing the intellect with present knowledge, of a man who is of the literal seed of Abraham, than one that is a Gentile, though it may not have half as much visible effect upon the body; for as the Holy Ghost falls upon one of the literal seed of Abraham, it is calm and serene; and his whole soul and body are only exercised by the pure spirit of intelligence; while the effect of the Holy Ghost upon a Gentile, is to purge out the old blood, and make him actually of the seed of Abraham. That man that has none of the blood of Abraham (naturally) must have a new creation by the Holy Ghost. In such a case, there may be more of a powerful effect upon the body, and visible to the eye, than upon an Israelite, while the Israelite at first might be far before the Gentile in pure intelligence.] This was added upon by Brigham Young, the name after which BYU was called, who stated: [If a pure Gentile firmly believes the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and yields obedience to it, in such a case I will give you the words of the Prophet Joseph, "When the Lord pours out the Holy Ghost upon that individual he will have spasms, and you would think that he was going into fits." Joseph said that the Gentile blood was actually cleansed out of their veins, and the blood of Jacob made to circulate in them; and the revolution and change in the system were so great that it caused the beholder to think they were going into fits.] This completely wipes out the possibility of evolution, as these statements verify that mankind can receive an increase of intelligence through administration in the power of the Holy Ghost, by the baptism of "fire", or, cleansing. [When those not of Israel join the Church, they are numbered with the house of Israel.] However, they do not become of the house of Israel unless they are baptized with fire and the Holy Ghost. [Through the scattering of Israel among all nations, by which the blood of Israel was sprinkled among the nations,] DNA Studies have been and are now being, forever altered by priesthood authority, in preaching the gospel throughout the earth, over generations of time, from the days of Adam and Eve, after they were cast out of the Garden of Eden, until now.
https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrines-of-the-gospel-student-manual/chapter-21-the-foreordination-of-covenant-israel-and-their-responsibilities?lang=eng
http://emp.byui.edu/ANDERSONR/itc/Book%20_of_Mormon/03_2nephi/2nephi03/2nephi03_03changeblood_js.htm
http://emp.byui.edu/ANDERSONR/itc/Book%20_of_Mormon/03_2nephi/2nephi03/2nephi03_03abloodcleansed_by.htm

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Book of Mormon Archaeology Inquiry
As a point of inquiry, I have noticed no mention of the following interesting article, to me; namely: [Using hyperspectral imaging to reveal a hidden precolonial Mesoamerican codex]. Abstract notes:
[The results thus far indicate that the covered text contains unique genealogic information which may prove invaluable for the interpretation of archaeological remains from southern Mexico.]
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352409X16304084

This item dates from before the colonization of America.
https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/news/2016/08/high-tech-imaging-reveals-rare-precolonial-mexican-manuscript-hidden-from-view-for-500-years

The existence of "a complex system of pictures, symbols and bright colours to narrate centuries of conquering dynasties and genealogies as well as wars and the history of ancient cities"; it validates, in my mind, from a genealogical research standpoint, the solid veracity of the Book of Mormon narrative; in this aspect: of a descending civilization being knowledgeable and capable of the necessary arts of reading, writing, and historical data record keeping, a priori first premises being: Book of Mormon compilers.

It has to be a given that both Jesus Christ and God, His Father, know how to speak American English, as well as Moroni, who spoke American English a multitude of times when conversing with the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. Now the question is: "When and how did Moroni learn to speak and comprehend correctly American English?" I think it comes in as part of the model of the translation process; being a two way street, between the living and heavenly beings and their temporal works, left behind for others to correctly translate from older ancient languages to our modern age language forms.

Then cometh the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost; and then can ye speak with the tongue of angels:
. . .
And it came to pass that I began to be old; and, having no seed, and knowing king Benjamin to be a just man before the Lord, wherefore, I shall deliver up these plates unto him, exhorting all men to come unto God, the Holy One of Israel, and believe in prophesying, and in revelations, and in the ministering of angels, and in the gift of speaking with tongues, and in the gift of interpreting languages, and in all things which are good; for there is nothing which is good save it comes from the Lord: and that which is evil cometh from the devil.
. . .
And again, I exhort you, my brethren, that ye deny not the gifts of God, for they are many; and they come from the same God. And there are different ways that these gifts are administered; but it is the same God who worketh all in all; and they are given by the manifestations of the Spirit of God unto men, to profit them.

And again, to another, all kinds of tongues; And again, to another, the interpretation of languages and of divers kinds of tongues.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/tongues-gift-of?lang=eng

Now Moroni had a knowledge of and spoke of the gift of tongues. So it was easy for him, and any servant, who has had " the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost; and then can ye speak with the tongue of angels:" Moroni could have dictated the whole Book of Mormon, "lock, stock, and barrel", by himself, to Joseph Smith, Jr., as he had perfect knowledge of its contents, and was a resurrected being; and, even though he had final authority over the records and U & T, etc.; he allowed Joseph Smith, Jr., to become educated, self-taught, by the power of the Holy Ghost, so that he, Joseph Smith, Jr., could have his own growth experience, himself. No team effort by a concourse of angels was necessary, or expedient. It would have been impossible for The Times of the Gentiles to come in, if the ancient prophets had taken over the task of writing the Book of Mormon in the American English language, which translation they certainly could have done by themselves.
https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrine-and-covenants-and-church-history-seminary-teacher-resource-manual/appendix/the-times-of-the-gentiles?lang=eng

[Joseph Smith’s mother also wrote: “During our evening conversations, Joseph would occasionally give us some of the most amusing recitals that could be imagined. He would describe the ancient inhabitants of this continent, their dress, mode of traveling, and the animals upon which they rode; their cities, their buildings, with every particular; their mode of warfare; and also their religious worship. This he would do with as much ease, seemingly, as if he had spent his whole life among them” (History of Joseph Smith, 83).]

Therefore, it is self evident, that in the process of said word translations, Joseph Smith, Jr. received additional visions of "the ancient inhabitants of this continent, their dress, mode of traveling, and the animals upon which they rode; their cities, their buildings, with every particular; their mode of warfare; and also their religious worship." Additionally, [President John Taylor said: “When Joseph Smith was raised up as a Prophet of God, Mormon, Moroni, Nephi and others of the ancient Prophets who formerly lived on this Continent, . . . came to him and communicated to him certain principles pertaining to the Gospel of the Son of God” (in Journal of Discourses, 17:374).]
https://www.lds.org/manual/the-pearl-of-great-price-student-manual/joseph-smith-history?lang=eng

By "1844 Nauvoo's population had swollen to 12,000, rivaling the size of Chicago”; and It is my opinion, that when Joseph Smith, Jr. was jailed in Carthage, Illinois, every faithful man, woman and child who could go, should have left Nauvoo, Illinois, and surrounding areas, and gone to Carthage, and offered their lives in his behalf, outside the jail, until he was released. from prison. Then we would have received this information, in full, and would now know in fact, without guessing or postulating, every wonderful detail about the Americas, from the cold Arctic to Antarctica.

MUSINGS ON BOOK OF MORMON ARCHAEOLOGY, GEOGRAPHICAL CONTENT, AND PATRIARCHAL PRIESTHOOD

Comments: [Lehi takes his family into the wilderness by the Red Sea—They leave their property] Zoram the servant is not noted for having taken any property. [Ishmael, and also his household, insomuch that they took their journey with us down into the wilderness to the tent of our father.] [And it came to pass in the which rebellion, they were desirous to return unto the land of Jerusalem]; indicates the journey was hard; uncomfortable, in comparison to the living conditions at Jerusalem; little physical comforts present, during the trip. [they were exceedingly wroth, and they did bind me with cords, for they sought to take away my life, that they might leave me in the wilderness to be devoured by wild beasts.] They really planned to go back to Jerusalem, no matter what God said. The trip accommodations displeased Laman and Lemuel, and two of the daughters of Ishmael, and the two sons of Ishmael and their families, tremendously. They had meat at the tent location of Lehi, since [they did offer sacrifice and burnt offerings]. [The people arrive in the promised land. About 591–589 B.C.] They had many afflictions in the between years; hunger, thirst, and fatigue; [our women did give plenty of suck for their children, and were strong, yea, even like unto the men; and they began to bear their journeyings without murmurings.] All indications are that the family units, at the time of their arrival on the American Continent, were as "healthy as an ox", strong, hardy and hard-working, so to speak, with no apparent transmittable diseases, either from property transported from Jerusalem, or from personal physical ailments; as also, the very strong Nephi, on the ship, [Laman and Lemuel did take me and bind me with cords, and they did treat me with much harshness . . . insomuch that I could not move]. Then, About 588–559 B.C., Nephi [did journey in the wilderness for the space of many days. And after we had journeyed for the space of many days we did pitch our tents.] There are no indications of any singular or extensive trade or transportation networks or associations that were entered into, by the Nephites, when they left the Lamanites, in North West South America. The Nephites were not involved in any indigenous practices of captive taking; war making was as a process of non aggressive, self defense.

Any Native American extensive trade and transport networks would create conditions for the spread of epidemic diseases. Following therefore, the chronological sub group death rates, over time, would indicate in a real way, patterns of Native American Indian commerce, throughout North American, Central American, Mesoamerican, and South American interconnected societies. [For example, during the late 1630s, smallpox killed over half of the Wyandot (Huron), who controlled most of the early North American fur trade in what became Canada. They were reduced to fewer than 10,000 people.]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_history_of_indigenous_peoples_of_the_Americas#cite_note-13

[The timing of disease and its intersection with other forces of destruction varied from region to region within the Americas. In what became the southeastern United States, as historian Paul Kelton has shown, Ponce de León’s 1513 expedition and subsequent Spanish explorations did not introduce new diseases into the region, though disruptions from these expeditions created conditions for already existing pathogens like syphilis and yaws to spread. It was not until the late seventeenth century that the classic killer smallpox appeared. When it did its spread was closely connected to the British colonial project of exploiting existing indigenous practices of captive taking to create markets both for slaves outside Indian country and for European goods (manufacturers, alcohol, clothing) within it. The slave trade directly contributed to the depopulation of many Indian communities, but its most damaging consequence was the creation of conditions for the transmission of epidemic disease. When smallpox broke out in Virginia in 1696 it spread rapidly along networks of human contact that had been shaped by violence, deracination, and deprivation, destroying Indian communities from the Carolinas to the Gulf Coast and up the Mississippi River to Illinois. It was only now, two hundred years after the first European set foot in the Southeast, that Native populations experienced the catastrophic population declines usually associated with initial contact epidemics. As in the Caribbean, when smallpox struck, it was a consequence of European economic pursuits.]
http://americanhistory.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199329175.001.0001/acrefore-9780199329175-e-3

Health Problems, Real Time Life Spans, and Mother Earth Divided:
(1) The earth was not divided until the days of Peleg; time period: 2253 B.C. to 2014 B.C.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#017
(2) The Flood covering all the earth occurred during the days of Noah; time period: 2944 B.C. to 1994 B.C. And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth [2344 B.C.]. Archbishop James Ussher calculated the Flood date: 2349 B.C. Moses informs us that Noah lived after the flood 350 years; making him 950 years old when he died (Gen. 9:28-29). Noah was 84 years old when Enos died, 176 when Cainan died, 234 when Mahalaleel died, 366 when Jared died, 595 when Lamech died, and 600 when Methuselah died. We can see from this that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah all lived on the earth at the same time; and that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah and Lamech, were all acquainted with both Adam and Noah.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#012
(3) The Time Span between the date of Peleg's birth and the Worldwide flood is circa 2344 B.C. - 2253 B.C., or 91 years. When Jeffrey R. Holland speaks of "A Promised Land"; he noted [Holy scripture records that “after the waters had receded from off the face of this land it became a choice land above all other lands, a chosen land of the Lord; wherefore the Lord would have that all men should serve him who dwell upon the face thereof.”] . . . [To guarantee such sanctity the very surface of the earth was rent. In response to God’s decree, the great continents separated and the ocean rushed in to surround them. The promised place was set apart.] However, this did not occur, according to Lectures on Faith chronology, until 90 years or more after, the water had receded from off the face of this land, up to the time of the birth of the brother of Peleg, named Joktan, according to name meanings. Note: "In this important and interesting book [i.e., the Book of Mormon] the history of ancient America is unfolded, from its first settlement by a colony that came from the tower of Babel [Jaredites], at the confusion of languages to the beginning of the fifth century of the Christian era." Times and Seasons (March 1, 1842) III:707. Joseph Smith, Jr. does not state that there were no prior inhabitants residing there after the flood; only that of "its first settlement by a colony that came from the tower of Babel".
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1976/06/a-promised-land?lang=eng
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/church-history-1-march-1842/2
(4) For the Jaredites, the only possible remnants on the land would be those that resided there, circa 100 years or more, before the earth divided, and their life spans were not obviously as disease prone as our present generations, as shown by their longevity. By all present scriptures available, Mulekites and Lehites had no problems, because the Jaredites self-destructed as a nation, leaving only a small group of Jaredites who migrated southward, who appear to have assimilated with the more uncivilized Lamanites, as indicated by their higher population numbers, relative to the Nephites; the Lamanites then residing along the western seashore / mountain range of northwestern South America, and further south to the present nation of Chile; etc.
http://lecturesonfaith.com/

Concerning Translated Beings, the Division of the Earth, and Book of Mormon Archaeology.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/translated-beings?lang=eng

[Melchizedek was a man of faith, who wrought righteousness; and when a child he feared God, and stopped the mouths of lions, and quenched the violence of fire.] Melchizedek was born before the Flood, since of all of the host of animals taken by Noah into the Ark; they consisted of [seven of those birds and animals which were considered to be clean according to the Lord’s dietary laws of that time. He was also to take two of the animals that were classified as unclean, one male and one female.] The Time Span between the date of Peleg's birth and the Worldwide flood is circa 2344 B.C. - 2253 B.C., or 91 years, which allowed for the reproduction of the host of animals, sufficient to continue repopulation of the earth, both on the North and South American Continents, as well as animal repopulation in the areas of Africa, Asia, Europe, Etc. Significantly then, both Noah and Shem had the power, similar to Daniel the prophet, in the lion's den, [by faith, to break mountains, to divide the seas, to dry up waters, to turn them out of their course; To put at defiance the armies of nations, to divide the earth, to break every band, to stand in the presence of God; to do all things according to his will, according to his command, subdue principalities and powers; and this by the will of the Son of God which was from before the foundation of the world. . . . And his [Melchizedek's] people wrought righteousness, and obtained heaven, and sought for the city of Enoch which God had before taken, separating it from the earth, having reserved it unto the latter days, or the end of the world; And hath said, and sworn with an oath, that the heavens and the earth should come together; and the sons of God should be tried so as by fire.] So, concerning Book of Mormon Archaeology, the division of the Earth that created the Americas, was performed under the presiding Melchizedek Priesthood power of Noah, and his son Shem.
https://www.lds.org/liahona/1984/09/noah-and-the-ark?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/jst/jst-gen/14

As a genealogical research specialist, listed in Who'sWho in America, a few times, I have learned that when I have a difficult problem, unsolvable by most, I go to the use of cross comparisons; that which may not seem self evident on the surface, or at first appearances. We only have the Cumorah! statement from the Doctrine and Covenants, Section 128. verse 20. However, this associates with [the visions of the past being opened to my understanding by the Spirit of the Almighty, I discovered that the person whose skeleton was before us was a white Lamanite, a large, thick-set man, and a man of God. His name was Zelph. He was a warrior and chieftain under the great prophet Onandagus, who was known from the Hill Cumorah, or eastern sea to the Rocky mountains.]
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/128.20?lang=eng#20

I go the the Book of Mormon Onomasticon for Etymology. I note immediately the connection to the hill Cumorah and Ether's hill named Ramah, and different spellings of Cumorah. I try not to fall asleep, reading carefully through the whole article, including footnotes, as I have already immediately seen the important statement: "Of note is that both are GNs for a hill; and Cumorah's alternate name, Ramah, also means height, hill". By this I mean, I do something not mentioned in the carefully constructed Onomasticon for Etymology, and just do a simple vowel removal and compare: Cumorah is CMRH; also, Ramah is RMH. So, I find with this, that there is C-MRH and RMH. This is interesting, so I try to go back to Mormon, for any further insights: "And I, Mormon, wrote an epistle unto the king of the Lamanites, and desired of him that he would grant unto us that we might gather together our people unto the land of Cumorah, by a hill which was called Cumorah, and there we could give them battle." By my simplistic evaluation, I see TWO connective issues, namely: "unto the land of Cumorah" AND "by a hill which was called Cumorah, and there we could give them battle." In my mind, from a genealogical research standpoint, I logically conclude, that: RMH , abbreviated English translation, represents: a hill which was called Cumorah. C-MRH, abbreviated English translation, represents the larger surrounding regional area, near the hill Cumorah: "the land of Cumorah"
https://onoma.lib.byu.edu/index.php/CUMORAH
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/morm/6.6?lang=eng#5

I conclude therefore, that they are one (with two meanings) and the same place and location. Period. This is without the need for The First Presidency or The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints backing; just from simplistic genealogical research calculations. Note cross comparisons stemming from the heretofore mentioned "epistle from Joseph Smith the Prophet to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, containing further directions on baptism for the dead, dated at Nauvoo, Illinois, September 6, 1842.". In particular, the very eloquent waxing of the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., speaking as if as an angel from God: [Now, what do we hear in the gospel which we have received? A voice of gladness! A voice of mercy from heaven; and a voice of truth out of the earth; glad tidings for the dead; a voice of gladness for the living and the dead; glad tidings of great joy. . . . Glad tidings from Cumorah! Moroni, an angel from heaven, declaring the fulfilment of the prophets—the book to be revealed. . . . The voice of Michael on the banks of the Susquehanna, detecting the devil when he appeared as an angel of light! The voice of Peter, James, and John in the wilderness between Harmony, Susquehanna county, and Colesville, Broome county, on the Susquehanna river, declaring themselves as possessing the keys of the kingdom, and of the dispensation of the fulness of times! . . . And the voice of Michael, the archangel; the voice of Gabriel, and of Raphael, and of divers angels, from Michael or Adam down to the present time, all declaring their dispensation, their rights, their keys, their honors, their majesty and glory, and the power of their priesthood; . . .] The Susquehanna River is a secondary geographic location, that associatively ties Michael, or Adam, and other associates in the Priesthood, together, since, from the Susquehanna river events environs, it is about 225 miles, more or less (various watershed locations), by current road travel, to the Hill Cumorah.
http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/48020.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_counties_in_the_Susquehanna_River_watershed

So, concerning Book of Mormon Archaeology, the division of the Earth that created the Americas, was performed under the presiding Melchizedek Priesthood power of Noah (GABRIEL), and his son Shem (MELCHIZEDEK), who did reign under his father Noah. Melchizedek, is he who did not die, (like unto Moses); but, was translated, along with the City of Salem. When Enoch was "but a lad", he was OVER the age of 65. Therefore, when Melchizedek was a child, and he feared God, and stopped the mouths of lions, and quenched the violence of fire, by comparison, he was UNDER the age of 65. Melchizedek received his priesthood through the lineage of his fathers, even till Noah, [means my priesthood came down in time from Adam to Noah, my father]; from Noah till Enoch through the lineage of their fathers [means my priesthood lineage descended from Adam via Enoch to Noah, my father, through the lineage of their fathers]; for this priesthood was received from Enoch to Abel, who received the priesthood by the hand of his father Adam. The priesthood lineage is very clearly recorded: a descending pedigree lineage, anciently from the man Adam, to Abel his son, (who was a brother of Seth, the son of Adam: the lineage ancestry of Noah). Do not interpret ancient genealogy from the mistaken standpoint of modern genealogists, who do ascending research. Until the priesthood covenants were fully broken, all genealogies were descending. Abraham clearly states he received the records from the fathers.
http://www.pseudepigrapha.com/pseudepigrapha/jasher.html#CH16
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/heb/7.1-4?lang=eng#0
http://academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#013
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/moses/6.25,31?lang=eng#24
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/gabriel?lang=eng&letter=g
https://speeches.byu.edu/talks/alan-l-wilkins_faithful-questions-seeking-found-truth/
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Enoch
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Melchizedek

Melchizedek, who as a child exercised mighty faith, received the office of the high priesthood according to the holy order of God; the Patriarchal Priesthood. Under the order of the Patriarchal Priesthood, in ancient times, after fasting, during the passing, or bringing forth of bread and wine, in remembrance of the future sacrifice of the Son of God (Jehovah, or Jesus Christ): it was the time, as in an annual LDS tithing settlement, as with the King of Salem, to bring forth offerings before the Lord; to keep the storehouse for the less fortunate, the widows, orphans, diseased, helpless, fatherless children, and all other poor outcasts, who were and are rejected, by an uncaring world.

Thus, the Official calling to LDS office of Church Patriarch, the singular representative of the Prince of Peace, the Prophet, High Priest and King, within Hyrum Smith's family lineage, who was the brother of Joseph Smith, Jr., (both martyrs who shed their own blood as true witnesses), created by revelation, was the restoration in Melchizedek priesthood authority of the legal independent final word: High Priest Patriarchal Judge. It is equivalent, in one person, in American government, to the Supreme Court of the United States of America. It judicially stands next to the LDS First Presidency, as the Supreme Court stands next to the Presidency of the United States of America. The Melchizedek priesthood Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and the First Quorum of Seventy, along with The First Presidency, when unified, preside in similar manner as the American national legislative bodies, the United States Senate and House of Representatives, when, and if historically, ever, they are united as one. Foundations of government were divinely established in the Charters of Freedom of the United States of America.

All seers are entitled by right of their calling and office, and in particular, if ever sustained directly, as such, as Translators, by the general body of the LDS Church, to have direct access to, and use of the Urim and Thummim; as well as Bishops, in their offices, local or church wide, as presiding Judges, taking care of the poor and afflicted; representative of the eldest son of the seed of Aaron; as well as, such as Shem as the eldest son of Noah, as well as, such as in Jesus Christ, as the eldest son of the Father of All, even, Ahman. In the case of former Church Patriarch Emeritus, the rightful heir of Hyrum Smith was the chosen Eldred G. Smith; a singular representative for the whole Church, as witness to the whole world, of the ancient patriarchs, from Adam (Michael) to Shem (Melchizedek), etc.

Eldred G. Smith is currently, the last remaining historical vestige of authority, like a removed appendix from the body of Christ, to validate through direct revelation, celestial (eternal family) genealogies, for the whole church; or the former genealogical departments, now family history departments, or FamilySearch, and all connective relationships, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; which is suffering gravely, because of this critical, inter-connectivity loss; now almost completely overwhelmed with DNA evolutionists, as well as at BYU, whose theories reject both Adam and Christ. All is NOT well in Zion, or Happy Valley, in my opinion. Deceased 04 Apr 2013. Concerning his office deleted; the removal of a presiding judicial officer, a special witness to the eternal nature of the family: For what doth it profit a man if a gift is bestowed upon him, and he receive not the gift? Behold, he rejoices not in that which is given unto him, neither rejoices in him who is the giver of the gift (Son Ahman).
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/gen/14.18-20?lang=eng#17
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/alma/13.17-18?lang=eng#16
http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/basic/doctrines/patriarchal_order.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eldred_G._Smith
https://www.lds.org/ensign/2013/05/elder-eldred-g-smith-dies-at-age-106?lang=eng

REFERENCES: References
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/science.htm#References

BOOK OF MORMON GENOCIDE WARS: The American Civil War and History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - An American Perspective.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155057953101424&id=261975771423

EVALUATING BOOK OF MORMON GEOGRAPHY FROM A GENEALOGICAL STANDPOINT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10201492174961218&id=261975771423

LIGHT THE WORLD WITH A HAPPY NEW YEAR GIFT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10154951916051424&id=261975771423

Speaking of DNA and the Middle East Tree of Life, Etc.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155042481646424&id=261975771423

THE BOOK OF MORMON IS A PRIMARY SOURCE DOCUMENT
Zoram, even though he had the keys of the treasury, was inspired to trust Nephi, more than the brethren, who associated with his former master Laban. His evaluation of the social male leadership during the time, as being untrustworthy, is well founded. [It was after Nebuchadnezzar had laid siege to Jerusalem that the king and citizens of Jerusalem entered into a covenant “to make a proclamation of liberty,” granting freedom to their slaves] . . . [Whatever the motive for the emancipation, one thing is painfully clear: as soon as the slave owners were given the chance, they forcibly reenslaved the freed men and women.] A Freedom That Is No Freedom:
Jeremiah 34 and the Sabbatical Principle
https://wordandworld.luthersem.edu/content/pdfs/22-4_Jeremiah/22-4_Jacobson.pdf

I think the issue at hand, if studied in depth, from an archaeological and historical standpoint, a factual standpoint, is the idea of being able to fully trust in the Lord. I say this, because Zoram was a bond-servant; his posterity would therefore be collectively looked upon as a people who descended from an ancestor, that was taken out of bondage, and given personal freedom, by the promise of Nephi, a true servant of the Lord. A Dictionary of the Book of Mormon/Zoram
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/A_Dictionary_of_the_Book_of_Mormon/Zoram

This one item alone, from a genealogical research standpoint, proves that the Book of Mormon can be trusted; can be used as a historical, primary source document. Why? Because in 2015, published in Reuters; Lifestyle | Tue Feb 3, 2015 | 5:00pm EST: Ancient tablets reveal life of Jews in Nebuchadnezzar's Babylon | Reuters [The exhibition is based on more than 100 cuneiform tablets, each no bigger than an adult's palm, that detail transactions and contracts between Judeans driven from, or convinced to move from, Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC.] . . . [Judeans traded, ran businesses and helped the administration of the kingdom. "They were free to go about their lives, they weren't slaves,"] . . . [many others stayed and built up a vibrant Jewish community that lasted two millennia.] Bottom Line: The Babylonian rulers were more to be trusted, by the captive Jews, than former leaders residing in Jerusalem; thus the faith of Zoram; remembering that: [LABAN. A rich, unscrupulous and powerful Israelite of the tribe of Joseph] was [a man lying on the ground in a drunken stupor], when found by Nephi.
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-archaeology-babylon-idUSKBN0L71EK20150203

All the records combined together, testify that the Book of Mormon record is archaeologically and historically accurate; thus, the Doctrine and Covenants further testifies generations later, that Jesus Christ can be taken at his word; all social groups can trust Him.
http://www.dictionary.com/browse/take-someone-at-his-or-her-word

The Fall of Jerusalem and The Rise of The Book of Mormon
"For me, the most important historical conclusion from the archaeological material is not new. Other scholars also pointed to the fact that after the destruction of Jerusalem there was a sharp decline in urban life, which is in contrast to the continuity of the rural settlements in the region of Benjamin and in the area between Bethlehem and Beth-Zur."
http://www.jhsonline.org/Articles/article_63.htm#_ftnref36

Page 364 . . . From Table 3. Estimate of Total Population of Judah at the End of the Iron Age and in the Persian Period, by Regional Distribution, for Benjamin, went from 28,750 at the end of the Iron Age to 12,500 in the Persian period, a difference of 16,250 people. . . . There "is no evidence of a deportation from either the region of Benjamin or the northern Judean Hills", suggesting that major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts, in this time period, for those elite groups, who were not interested in becoming second class status citizens to the new centralized leadership in the resettlement of Jerusalem.
Page 365 . . . Parallel to this, with the shift of the political and religious hub to Jerusalem, a rapid dwindling in population took place in the Benjaminite region. Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . .
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm#052

After the Babylonians had destroyed Jerusalem, they appointed Gedaliah governor in Mizpah over the remaining residents. Many returned to Mizpah from where they had fled. The prophet Jeremiah came to Mizpah from Ramah, where the Babylonians had released him. Later Ishmael, a member of the royal family, assassinated Gedaliah. Despite Jeremiah's warning that the people would be a reproach and die if they went to Egypt, they persisted in going there.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mizpah_in_Benjamin

Two Points:
(1) There were Egyptian connections from Mizpah in Benjamin, to Egypt.
(2) Mulek, son of Zedekiah, would have historically, been in hiding; is located somewhere in rural settlements in the region of Benjamin to Egypt, and elsewhere. With the destruction of urban life, at Jerusalem, "major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts" and "Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . ." "The Mulekites were elated to have access to Nephite records, since their own language and traditions had been distorted in the absence of historical documents." From a genealogical research standpoint, this lack of historical access to primary records, is consistent with a "hidden" sub population of Benjamin, heading west, not east into the Babylonian heartland and with discovery, or any act of tribal betrayal, a sudden destruction; leaving behind everything except basic survival necessities, as an elite group of traders, who would have clear knowledge of ships, boats and other methods of transportation, that would have carried them eventually across the Atlantic Ocean, to America.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Mulek
http://www.livius.org/articles/place/babylonia/

The name Ir, a descendant of Benjamin, in the Bible, appears elsewhere, such as the modern name of the ancient city of Ur; also, Jewish foreign contact [in Ireland], is found in the Hebrew word "Ir", meaning "city" [Irish Texts Society Vol. XLIV - Ir] or "town" as presented in the word structure of #428, wherein Ir s. Mil, . . . of his progeny are Fergus s. Roig with his numerous communities, and Conall Cernach with his numerous communities.] The complexity of modern Native American DNA, is thus satisfied in Pre-Columbian America, with the admixture of western European trade connections, previously centered in the Middle East regions, and in particular, from the ancient regional areas in and around Israel, Babylon, etc.
http://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Ir.html#.WHzpxFxciM8
https://books.google.com/books?id=oftMSTwQvkAC&pg=PA430&lpg=PA430&dq=%22Ir%22,+meaning+%22city%22+ireland&source=bl&ots=vdUKH0dEnm&sig=kOBiOskDqttoGcqFecNKTLnVjmQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgpJ_wgMfRAhUBViYKHTQWB7AQ6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=%22Ir%22%2C%20meaning%20%22city%22%20ireland&f=false

See the Whole Picture from the Lewis & Clark Expedition
. . . [After the Louisiana Purchase Treaty was made, Jefferson initiated an exploration of the newly purchased land and the territory beyond the "great rock mountains" in the West.] . . . [Jefferson hoped that Lewis and Clark would find a water route linking the Columbia and Missouri rivers. This water link would connect the Pacific Ocean with the Mississippi River system, thus giving the new western land access to port markets out of the Gulf of Mexico and to eastern cities along the Ohio River and its minor tributaries.] . . . [They traveled up the Missouri to present-day Three Forks, Montana, wisely choosing to follow the western-most tributary, the Jefferson River. This route delivered the explorers to the doorstep of the Shoshone Indians, who were skilled at traversing the great rock mountains with horses. Once over the Bitterroot Mountains, the Corps of Discovery shaped canoe-like vessels that transported them swiftly downriver to the mouth of the Columbia, where they wintered (1805-1806) at Fort Clatsop, on the present-day Oregon side of the river.] . . . [Along the way, they continued to trade what few goods they still had with the Indians and set up diplomatic relations with the Indians. Additionally, they recorded their contact with Indians and described (and at times drew) the shape of the landscape and the creatures of this western world, new to the white man.]
https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/lewis-clark

[The Shoshone led the expedition to his chief, who in a dramatic stroke of luck turned out to be Sacagawea’s brother. Soon the captains—with Sacagawea translating—were bargaining with the chief, Cameahwait, for horses. Without these horses, their chances of reaching the Pacific would likely have been quashed.] . . . [The captains also secured information from the Shoshone. An old man of the tribe described a trail that led across the Continental Divide. The trail was used by the Nez Perce, who lived on the far side of the Rockies. Now the expedition had a way over the mountains.] So, the Shoshone Indians, "were skilled at traversing the great rock mountains with horses", before 1805-1806. [Lewis and Clark and their expedition party, the Corps, were the first white men that the Shoshone had ever come into contact with.]
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/
http://native-american-indian-facts.com/Great-Basin-American-Indian-Facts/Shoshone-Tribe-Facts.shtml
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Shoshone-people
https://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/luso/intro.html

Furthermore, [The Corps felt comfortable leaving their horses with the Nez Perce, known for the Appaloosas they bred, while they continued westward by canoe. The Nez Perce, watching the sickness-weakened explorers try to create canoes from inadequate tools, showed them how to burn out a log to make a canoe.] Compare: [The Indians make these canoes without the use of any iron instruments, by only burning the trees at the bottom near the root, and afterwards governing the fire with such industry that nothing is burnt more than what they would have. Some of them have hatchets, made of Hint, wherewith they scrape or pare off whatsoever was burnt too far. And thus, by the sole instrument of fire, they know how to give them that shape which renders them capable of navigating threescore or fourscore leagues with ordinary security.] Thus, skills used by Indians in Hispaniola are used by Nez Perce residing in what is now [central Idaho, southeastern Washington State, and northeastern Oregon, from the western base of the Rockies to the falls of the Columbia River.]
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_013_12_17.html
http://wap.kellscraft.com/BuckaneersofAmerica/BuccaneersofAmerica06.html
http://www.nezperce.org/

Where did the horses come from, and who taught the Shoshone Indians these exceptional riding skills? [The first voyage was that of Juan José Pérez Hernández of the frigate Santiago (alias Nueva Galicia). Although intending to reach Alaska, the expedition turned back at Haida Gwaii. Pérez and his crew of 86 were the first Europeans to visit the Pacific Northwest.] The horses were there from the time of the Division of the earth; from animal re-population groups from the Ark of Noah.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_expeditions_to_the_Pacific_Northwest
http://www.evidencesofmormon.org/archaeological-and-historical-claims-and-evidences-of-the-book-of-mormon.aspx#horses

Again, as a genealogical research specialist, listed in Who'sWho in America, a few times, I have learned that when I have a difficult problem, unsolvable by most, I go to the use of cross comparisons; that which may not seem self evident on the surface, or at first appearances. We only have the Cumorah! statement from the Doctrine and Covenants, Section 128. verse 20. However, this also associates with [the visions of the past being opened to my understanding by the Spirit of the Almighty, I discovered that the person whose skeleton was before us was a white Lamanite, a large, thick-set man, and a man of God. His name was Zelph. He was a warrior and chieftain under the great prophet Onandagus, who was known from the Hill Cumorah, or eastern sea to the Rocky mountains.] Believe it or not, this does imply, from a genealogical research standpoint, that Zelph was riding, or had knowledge of horses, to be used in traversing in the Rocky Mountains.I know the Latter-day Saints have used handcarts in the past, to move goods and people from the East to the Rocky Mountains; nevertheless, it is a big stretch to think earlier Pre-Columbian Native Americans would have used just handcarts, to convey "a pile of plates as much as two feet high, and there were altogether in this room more plates than probably many wagon loads; they were piled up in the corners and along the walls." And this is Brigham Young speaking, in a general conference setting, sustained as "President Brigham Young", the then Prophet, Seer and Revelator. His words can be trusted, from a genealogical research standpoint. Period.
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/128.20?lang=eng#20
http://en.fairmormon.org/Journal_of_Discourses/19/8#38
http://www.evidencesofmormon.org/evidences/book-of-mormon-cow-and-ox.aspx
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1997/08/they-came-by-handcart?lang=eng

Cross compare with twenty-four gold plates that were a record of ancient Jaredites, discovered circa 121 B.C., by a small Nephite exploring party, (therefore, similar to the Lewis & Clark Expedition; both governmentally commissioned), and given to King Mosiah; to return and report findings by persons knowing the value of written records, per se. Note carefully: "it gave an account of the people who were destroyed, from the time that they were destroyed back to the building of the great tower, at the time the Lord confounded the language of the people and they were scattered abroad upon the face of all the earth, yea, and even from that time back until the creation of Adam." All else is science fiction philosophies of men.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/8.8-9?lang=eng#7
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/28?lang=eng

The Church model is best described in the Joseph Smith Papers, "Church History," 1 March 1842; JS, "Church History," in Times and Seasons (Nauvoo, IL.), 1 Mar. 1842, vol. 3, no. 9 (whole no. 45), pp. 706-710; edited by JS; includes typeset signature. Underlined in red, is "Through the medium of the Urim and Thummim I translated the record by the gift, and power of God." In this important and interesting book the history of ancient America is unfolded, from its first settlement by a colony that came from the tower of Babel," etc. What is not stated and could not have been stated, is that there were no former inhabitants on the American continents, prior to Book of Mormon times, because there is the earlier 1835 revelation, concerning Adam-ondi-Ahman.
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/church-history-1-march-1842/2
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/topic/adam-ondi-ahman
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/place/adam-ondi-ahman-missouri

The Time Span between the date of Peleg's birth and the Worldwide flood is circa 2344 B.C. - 2253 B.C., or 91 years. For the Jaredites, the only possible remnants on the land would be those that resided there, circa 100 years or more, before the earth divided, and after the flood of Noah. The "Bones in Yukon Cave Show Humans in North America 24,000 Years Ago, Study Says", completely invalidates, if it were even remotely true, (using any or all of the changing estimates), all of the Standard Works of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; Joseph Smith, Jr. and current priesthood ecclesiastical leadership, top to bottom. These findings suggest that a new method needs to be found by experts, to recalibrate time frames, since they are way off in accuracy, by six times; i.e., 24,000/6 = circa 4000 years, or circa 2,000 B.C. Something is wrong in the very precise and scientific calculations. Indeed, the "700,000-Year-Old Horse Found in Yukon Permafrost Yields Oldest DNA Ever Decoded", is 700,000/6,000 = 116.7 times off in accuracy; very bad, by any and all intelligent perspectives.
http://westerndigs.org/bones-in-yukon-cave-show-humans-in-north-america-24000-years-ago-study-says/
http://westerndigs.org/700000-year-old-horse-found-in-yukon-permafrost-yields-oldest-dna-ever-decoded/

These kind of silly, willy-nilly, haphazard evaluations, regretfully, make any use of DNA, to discover human ancestry, statistically impossible, and unrealistic; an economic and financial drain and waste of time for those doing family history research, or evaluating Book of Mormon archaeology. [And although the animal was dated to between 560,000 and 780,000 years old, an international team of researchers was able to use a new combination of techniques to decipher its genetic code.] In all of my 60 years of establishing credible genealogy research pedigrees, I have never seen a variance for any record source, for 780,000 - 560,000 = 220,000 years. And this takes into consideration all of the fake pedigrees I've seen on the Internet. FamilySearch databases are comparatively perfect, which they are not, when using these scientific benchmarks. Nothing in LDS Temple Ordinance Records even comes close to this type of massive, scientifically acceptable error rate; repeated over and over and over again, year in and year out, in "scientific literature". DNA mutation clock proves tough to set - Geneticists meet to work out why the rate of change in the genome is so hard to pin down. Wake Up: FamilySearch! Wake Up: Book of Mormon Believers!
http://www.nature.com/news/dna-mutation-clock-proves-tough-to-set-1.17079
https://familysearch.org/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/bmaf.org/

The Epic Poem of Gilgamesh is more rational; [a demigod of superhuman strength who built the city walls of Uruk to defend his people from external threats, and travelled to meet the sage Utnapishtim, who had survived the Great Deluge. He is usually described as two-thirds god and one third man.]. At least, candidly, The Epic Poem of Gilgamesh, can be analyzed for what it is: anti-Semitic fantasy rewriting or reconstruction, of ancient (Adamic) Septuagint texts, to counteract Israelite "chosen race" identification, superiority and heritage, by disaffected Hebrews; and by so doing, to curry favor with powerful rulers in foreign lands, to the complete detriment of "Jews", by military invasions, by different countries, whose religious beliefs centered in glorified idol worship.
https://www.ancient.eu/gilgamesh/

Book of Mormon Archaeology, Physics, and Time
Joseph Smith Jr., received a vision of God the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ, at Palmyra--Sacred Grove. I have visited this site and I observed no archaeological evidence that materially proves that this event actually occurred. I actually, as a young child, looked for evidences, both in and around the Hill Cumorah and the Sacred Grove area. I do not know of any attempt being made to check tree growth rings, that might show intense light effects occurring within rings, in the spring of 1820. [I saw a pillar of light exactly over my head, above the brightness of the sun, which descended gradually until it fell upon me.] Nevertheless, I know assuredly that it happened because of cross comparison in written records, as a genealogical research specialist. [When I came to myself again, I found myself lying on my back, looking up into heaven. When the light had departed, I had no strength; but soon recovering in some degree, I went home.] After Moroni appeared to Joseph Smith, Jr. [ I shortly after arose from my bed, and, as usual, went to the necessary labors of the day; but, in attempting to work as at other times, I found my strength so exhausted as to render me entirely unable. My father, who was laboring along with me, discovered something to be wrong with me, and told me to go home. I started with the intention of going to the house; but, in attempting to cross the fence out of the field where we were, my strength entirely failed me, and I fell helpless on the ground, and for a time was quite unconscious of anything.]
https://www.lds.org/locations/sacred-grove?lang=eng&_r=1
http://scienceviews.com/parks/sacredgrove.html
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/js-h/1?lang=eng

Genealogical Research Comparison: [When she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and touched his garment. For she said, If I may touch but his clothes, I shall be whole. And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was healed of that plague. And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and said, Who touched my clothes?] The Holy Ghost (equivalent to the virtue of Jesus Christ) overshadowed Joseph Smith, Jr., both times; else, he would have been physically destroyed by immortal, celestial light sources; above the brightness of the sun. From a physics standpoint, this is an experience within the realm of the refined spirit, which cannot be detected by gross material objects. [The physics of most models of grand unification cannot be discovered directly at particle colliders because the new particles they predict have masses at the so-called GUT scale which lies few orders of magnitude below the Planck scale and thus far beyond the reach of man-made collision experiments.]
https://www.lds.org/bible-videos/videos/jesus-heals-a-woman-of-faith?lang=eng
http://thebookofbeginnings.com/sources/14/GrandUnifiedTheory-Wikipedia.pdf
https://www.facebook.com/notes/thomas-milton-tinney-sr/biblical-genealogies-god-is-all-knowing-evolution-and-big-bang-atheism/160936413942369

Jesus Christ also appeared on the American Continent. [L. Taylor Hansen, entitled “He Walked the Americas,” that cites Indian legends of the advent of the Savior in the New World by tribes from all over both North and South America, including accounts from Polynesia, Peru, Brazil, Guatemala, Mexico, Yucatan, and in the United States . . . ]
https://askgramps.org/when-did-jesus-christ-appear-to-the-nephites-on-the-american-continent/
https://www.lds.org/children/resources/topics/jesus-christ-visits?lang=eng

Prior to that time, the risen Christ appeared to Mary Magdalene, and said "Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her. Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you." Thus, within a period of no more than 24 hours, from [Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulcher] and [Then the same day at evening], with power by Jesus Christ to move through material objects, without negatively effecting their sub atomic particle positioning.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/john/20?lang=eng

REMARKS: Light travels at a speed of 299,792 kilometers per second; 186,287 miles per second. It takes 499.0 seconds for light to travel from the Sun to the Earth, a distance called 1 Astronomical Unit, or 8.3 minutes. [Although the light year is a commonly used unit, astronomers prefer a different unit called the parsec (pc). A parsec, equal to 3.26 light years, is defined as the distance at which 1 Astronomical Unit subtends an angle of 1 second of arc (1/3600 of a degree) When we use the parsec for really large distances, we often put a prefix in front of it - like kiloparsecs (kpc), which are equal to 1000 parsecs - or Megaparsecs (Mpc), equal to a million parsecs. The Milky Way is about 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 km (about 100,000 light years or about 30 kpc) across. The Sun does not lie near the center of our Galaxy. It lies about 8 kpc from the center on what is known as the Sagittarius arm of the Milky Way.] Using the least possible assertion, travel to the center of the Milky Way, from the earth, by Jesus Christ, to ascend to His Father Ahman, would take 8 kpc to get there, by the speed of light, and 8 kpc to return back to the earth, to visit with His apostles. Since a parsec is equal to 3.26 light years, this would total 6.52 light years times (x) 8 (x) k = 52,160 light years. This does not compute to the less than 24 hours between visits to Mary Magdalene and the Apostles, on one day; nor, even the time frame between the witness of the Father to John the Baptist, and the later known visit to Joseph Smith, Jr., only an approximately, puny, two thousand years being the time between these visits. Materialistic physics alone, cannot account for, nor comprehend the concept of the "speed of thought". Jesus Christ instantly thought himself back to the area of Kolob. As a man thinks in his heart, so is he. Yea, I tell thee, that thou mayest know that there is none else save God that knowest thy thoughts and the intents of thy heart.
https://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/features/cosmic/milkyway_info.html
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/prov/23.7?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/thoughts.p2?lang=eng&letter=t
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/6.16?lang=eng#15

Fascinating Things Every Mormon Should Know About Kolob
[These are the governing ones; and the name of the great one is Kolob, because it is near unto me, for I am the Lord thy God: I have set this one to govern all those which belong to the same order as that upon which thou standest.”]
http://www.ldsliving.com/3-Fascinating-Things-Every-Mormon-Should-Know-About-Kolob/s/82249

7,000 years is plenty of time for the exaltation of one single earth. The United Nations projects world population to reach 10 billion in the year 2056, without any consideration for millennium conditions; when “the earth will be renewed and receive its paradisiacal glory”. There [will be no war; there will be no death as we know it. When people have lived to an old age, they will not die and be buried. Instead, they will be changed from their mortal condition to an immortal condition in “the twinkling of an eye.”.] That means the following things will be missing in a terrestrial endowed world: no hospitals as we know them, medical treatment centers and attendants, as we know them; cemeteries, tombstones, and former related activities, such as funeral homes, funerals, related sorrow, etc.; no military spending. As the death rates plummet, after the cleansing during the coming of Christ, the world's population will skyrocket exponentially, and birth rates will also increase worldwide. The Earth's natural resources will be maximized within a homogeneous landmass, fertile soils, the City of New Jerusalem, the City of Old Jerusalem, and well controlled paradisiacal living areas. Space exploration will be encouraged and spread populations into the solar system, and this earth will be prepared as an ultimate record storage system, a sea of glass and fire, to govern and reign over eternal planets of lesser glory, power and might, for the residencies of those individual human Terrestrial and Telestial beings, desiring to find there, more total freedom to independently indulge in the gift of immortality, given as a free and loving gift, by the willing sufferings and death of Jesus Christ.
http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/
https://www.lds.org/manual/gospel-principles/chapter-45-the-millennium?lang=eng
https://ourworldindata.org/military-spending/
https://www.sipri.org/databases/milex
https://www.lds.org/topics/kingdoms-of-glory?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/76
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Terrestrial_Kingdom
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Telestial_Kingdom

Post has attachment
The Fall of Jerusalem and The Rise of The Book of Mormon

"For me, the most important historical conclusion from the archaeological material is not new. Other scholars also pointed to the fact that after the destruction of Jerusalem there was a sharp decline in urban life, which is in contrast to the continuity of the rural settlements in the region of Benjamin and in the area between Bethlehem and Beth-Zur."
http://www.jhsonline.org/Articles/article_63.htm#_ftnref36

Page 364 . . . From Table 3. Estimate of Total Population of Judah at the End of the Iron Age and in the Persian Period, by Regional Distribution, for Benjamin, went from 28,750 at the end of the Iron Age to 12,500 in the Persian period, a difference of 16,250 people. . . . There "is no evidence of a deportation from either the region of Benjamin or the northern Judean Hills", suggesting that major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts, in this time period, for those elite groups, who were not interested in becoming second class status citizens to the new centralized leadership in the resettlement of Jerusalem.
Page 365 . . . Parallel to this, with the shift of the political and religious hub to Jerusalem, a rapid dwindling in population took place in the Benjaminite region. Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . .
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm#052

After the Babylonians had destroyed Jerusalem, they appointed Gedaliah governor in Mizpah over the remaining residents. Many returned to Mizpah from where they had fled. The prophet Jeremiah came to Mizpah from Ramah, where the Babylonians had released him. Later Ishmael, a member of the royal family, assassinated Gedaliah. Despite Jeremiah's warning that the people would be a reproach and die if they went to Egypt, they persisted in going there.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mizpah_in_Benjamin

Two Points:
(1) There were Egyptian connections from Mizpah in Benjamin, to Egypt.
(2) Mulek, son of Zedekiah, would have historically, been in hiding; is located somewhere in rural settlements in the region of Benjamin to Egypt, and elsewhere. With the destruction of urban life, at Jerusalem, "major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts" and "Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . ." "The Mulekites were elated to have access to Nephite records, since their own language and traditions had been distorted in the absence of historical documents." From a genealogical research standpoint, this lack of historical access to primary records, is consistent with a "hidden" sub population of Benjamin, heading west, not east into the Babylonian heartland and with discovery, or any act of tribal betrayal, a sudden destruction; leaving behind everything except basic survival necessities, as an elite group of traders, who would have clear knowledge of ships, boats and other methods of transportation, that would have carried them eventually across the Atlantic Ocean, to America.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Mulek
http://www.livius.org/articles/place/babylonia/

The name Ir, a descendant of Benjamin, in the Bible, appears elsewhere, such as the modern name of the ancient city of Ur; also, Jewish foreign contact [in Ireland], is found in the Hebrew word "Ir", meaning "city" [Irish Texts Society Vol. XLIV - Ir] or "town" as presented in the word structure of #428, wherein Ir s. Mil, . . . of his progeny are Fergus s. Roig with his numerous communities, and Conall Cernach with his numerous communities.] The complexity of modern Native American DNA, is thus satisfied in Pre-Columbian America, with the admixture of western European trade connections, previously centered in the Middle East regions, and in particular, from the ancient regional areas in and around Israel, Babylon, etc.
http://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Ir.html#.WHzpxFxciM8
https://books.google.com/books?id=oftMSTwQvkAC&pg=PA430&lpg=PA430&dq=%22Ir%22,+meaning+%22city%22+ireland&source=bl&ots=vdUKH0dEnm&sig=kOBiOskDqttoGcqFecNKTLnVjmQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgpJ_wgMfRAhUBViYKHTQWB7AQ6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=%22Ir%22%2C%20meaning%20%22city%22%20ireland&f=false

Post has attachment
BOOK OF MORMON GENOCIDE WARS: The American Civil War and History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; An American Perspective.

My geography comes additionally from a revelation Joseph Smith, Jr., given 25 Dec 1832, in the Doctrine and Covenants: "Verily, thus saith the Lord concerning the wars that will shortly come to pass, beginning at the rebellion of South Carolina, which will eventually terminate in the death and misery of many souls; And the time will come that war will be poured out upon all nations, beginning at this place. For behold, the Southern States shall be divided against the Northern States, and the Southern States will call on other nations, even the nation of Great Britain, as it is called, and they shall also call upon other nations, in order to defend themselves against other nations; and then war shall be poured out upon all nations." Everyone who knows American history, as well as those Saints and readers generally of the D&C, are. or were aware of the geographic dimensions for "Southern States" and "Northern States". Assuredly, in the Book of Mormon, geographic locations of North and South were known to the audiences for which they were intended at the time. With abridgement, there comes some disconnect confusion, not intrinsic to the original, whole area regional data record sets.
http://www.jefflindsay.com/LDSFAQ/FQ_prophecies.shtml#war

Using the American Civil War as a test case [Military Strategy Reconstruction Assessment], the "North" has the label of "Nephites" placed upon it. The "South" has the label of "Lamanites" placed upon it. Distinctive conclusions can be drawn as to actual Mesoamerican identity. Here we have a mapping of the Confederate Sates of America; Location of the Confederate States of America, which, for the sake of evaluation, are suggested as the region of Mesoamerican Archaeology. Metro Richmond, Virginia is Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land. At this point, some significant historical issues have to be addressed. The United States War was an internal war of regional supremacy; the Lamanite vs Nephite war was in its final stages, a genocidal war, with no quarter given. Still, we can note, with this critical difference, that [Davis and his cabinet left the city by train that night, as government officials burned documents and departing Confederate troops burned tobacco and other warehouses to deny their contents to the victors. On April 2, 1865, General Godfrey Weitzel, commander of the 25th corps of the United States Colored Troops, accepted the city's surrender from the mayor and group of leading citizens who remained. The Union troops eventually managed to stop the raging fires but about 25% of the city's buildings were destroyed.]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_States_of_America#/media/File:Confederate_States_of_America_(orthographic_projection).svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richmond,_Virginia#Civil_War

But, in this very difficult cross comparison, for genealogical research purposes only, we can come to some significant evaluations, that can then be drawn back to the times of Mormon and Moroni. I will try to list some of them in general order.
(1) The losing side in the Civil War was the South, not the North. [It cost the South nearly 500,000 men killed or wounded out of a population of 9 million (including 3 million slaves) and $5 billion in treasure.]
(2) The losing side in the Book of Mormon was the North; thus, the effects and possessions up North (Nephites) should be severely ravaged and destroyed, compared to the more secure buildings in the South (Lamanites). In this genocidal war, men, women and children, were horribly and inhumanely killed and destroyed. At the Hill Cumorah, the Nephite remnants were terrified at the size and the known judgments that they knew would soon befall them, by cannibalistic enemies.
(3) Since the Nephites were gathering unto themselves, all of their people, and whatever possessions they could carry, along with "wagonloads" of records, as they fled the unbridled wrath of the Lamanites; in the main, surviving structures would only remain in the South; i.e., [the Book of Mormon took place in one relatively small place in Mesoamerica]. But, in fact, this would actually match the heretofore [region of Mesoamerican identity. Civil War Metro Richmond, Virginia is Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land]. It cannot be identified, realistically, as the "Cradle of Civilization", for both Nephites and Lamanites, from the landing of Lehi to the division of two separate opposing social units; identified in publications by organization leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; since the reenactment of the last wars, does not allow that assessment as a logical conclusion to a raping, marauding, executing, desolating, raging uncontrolled military environment.
(4) Therefore, using the American Civil War as a Military Strategy Reconstruction Assessment, Mesoamerican is correctly defined as the Lamanite Capital Regional Metropolitan Area government, relatively unscathed, by massive final wars of genocide, between the Nephites and the Lamanites. All of both the North American and South American continents are thus: ["the Promised Land" and evidences of Book of Mormon peoples are found in North, Central and South America].
(5) That is the truth; believe it or not. I am only speaking from the standpoint of a disinterested third party observer (genealogist), with no vested interest in any of the various competing examinations of Book of Mormon Archaeology; let the chips fall where they may: the records speak for themselves, when compared. [disinterested is used to mean impartial, or not influenced by personal feelings, opinions, or concerns, as in this example: A disinterested third party resolved the dispute.]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richmond,_Virginia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_States_of_America
http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/confederate-states-of-america
https://www.theamericancollege.edu/sites/default/files/multiple_state_proctor_form_2_sept_2016.pdf
http://www.learnersdictionary.com/qa/disinterested-vs-uninterested

My experience with Wikipedia places it into the category of a democratic-aristocracy system, something akin to the British Government during the time of the American Revolution. Everyone can have their own opinion about things, and offer them up, but the decisions of what will be kept or not done, lies in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class; in this case, "scientists", or the rule of the best, to supposedly create the most scholarly results, in theory, at least. Book of Mormon Archaeology is excluded generally as non-scientific, faith based assertions. From a genealogical research standpoint, all of the limited geography models, basically appear to have been created, to support evidences that materially can "prove" the Book of Mormon is "true"; but, all these efforts are the wrong approach. Wrong questions are being asked. For example, (3) What hypothetical locations have been suggested for Book of Mormon lands? Is science the "hypothetical"?
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Book_of_Mormon_Geography

The correct question to ask, is: (3) What are the locations for the Book of Mormon lands? The immediate top-down answer is what the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. taught: “You know there has been great discussion in relation to Zion--where it is, and where the gathering of the dispensation is, and which I am now going to tell you. The prophets have spoken and written upon it; but I will make a proclamation that will cover a broader ground. The whole of America is Zion itself from north to south, and is described by the Prophets, who declare that it is the Zion where the mountain of the Lord should be, and that it should be in the center of the land. When Elders shall take up and examine the old prophecies in the Bible, they will see it.” (History of the Church, 6:318–19.) Furthermore, [The Book of Mormon tells of another Zion community established as a consequence of the Savior’s visit to the Nephites. This people had “all things common among them, every man dealing justly, one with another” (3 Nephi 26:19; see also 4 Nephi 1:1–2). Like the people of Enoch, these Nephites had no contention among them “because the love of God … did dwell in the hearts of the people” (4 Nephi 1:15). Zion will first grow to include all of North and South America (see History of the Church, 6:318–319, 321) and eventually the entire earth (see Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses, 9:138).]
https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrine-and-covenants-student-manual/enrichments/enrichment-b-establishing-zion?lang=eng
http://jod.mrm.org/9/137#138

The next thing to discuss is concerning The Three Nephites.
"And it came to pass that thus they did go forth among all the people of Nephi, and did preach the gospel of Christ unto all people upon the face of the land; and they were converted unto the Lord, and were united unto the church of Christ, and thus the people of that generation were blessed, according to the word of Jesus." So the top-down answer is given to the correct question: (3) What are the locations for the Book of Mormon lands? Since all of North America and all of South America were physically dedicated as Zion; and, whereas, all of the people upon the face of the land were Zion people; the whole continents were as the Temples of the Lord and every one of the people were as Temple Recommend Holders. Therefore, all of the "Nephite" peoples, for a period of approximately 170 years, were allowed to explore, or had permission, to spread forth, dwell, and inhabit in full, all of North America and South America; NO limited geography models period. “Hemispheric” or “Two-Continent” Book of Mormon lands, that stretch many thousands of miles over much of North America and South America, are archaeologically validated by the actually known historical possession of the lands by Native American descendant groups, met in the millions, by the conquering European settlers, in every region of exploration; groups identified by the promises given to father Abraham, of which from Zionists, as the sands of the seashore for number.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/tg/seed-of-abraham?lang=eng

This was also a promise given to the Zion people who were of the seed of Jared and his brethren. "And they were lost in the wilderness for the space of many days, yet they were diligent, and found not the land of Zarahemla but returned to this land, having traveled in a land among many waters, having discovered a land which was covered with bones of men, and of beasts, and was also covered with ruins of buildings of every kind, having discovered a land which had been peopled with a people who were as numerous as the hosts of Israel." Using the demographic history of the United States as a lesser, incomplete model comparison, the population in 1630, which was 4,646 individuals, rose to 5,308,483 individuals, by the year 1800; for an equivalent period of 170 years, excluding Native Americans. All these statements are not private views; they are genealogical assessments made, generated by promises given to Biblical fathers who were of the righteous seed of Patriarchs.
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1980/12/our-covenants-with-the-lord?lang=eng

The conclusions drawn from them are correct, according to the revelations of the Lord, from a generational historian's viewpoint, because pre-Columbian population estimates, from 10 million to 100 million, or more, were preceded by a series of devastating inter-tribal wars, over generations of time, noted in both secular and religious primary document sources; thus, inherently, reliable information from scholarly studies, compared with primary source religious documents, that when combined together correctly and accurately, are of great and compelling archaeological value.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/28.18-23?lang=eng#17
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/8.8?lang=eng#7

At the same time, anthropologists have their hypothetical evidence, that Native American populations came from Asia across a contrived, and novel land-bridge, "that joined Siberia and America up to about twelve thousand years ago", for which no real, historical proof exists. Large game, tropical animal herds do not seek food and shelter, within frozen tundra areas, where they would die in the process of their movement, originally proposed by Father José de Acosta, S.J. (Spanish: 1540-1600). Acosta himself knew about cold conditions and effects of high altitude, and he suffered severely from rarefied atmosphere, as well as being cured by an Indian woman of snow blindness. He actually traveled only in Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Mexico. [During the 16th century, many Spanish cities were established in North and Central America. Spain attempted to establish missions in what is now the southern United States including Georgia and South Carolina between 1568 and 1587.] Any assertion of a "now-submerged land connection with Alaska, and the fact that they then switched from hunting to urban living and built the magnificent cities that the Spanish conquistadors found", is merely a matter of pure fantasy of the mind; impossible to establish by science, as practiced circa 1572-1590. His book, written in 1587, Historia Natural y Moral de las Indias, could not include any original, experimentally made, scientific, archaeological or other observations, by himself, above the region of Mexico City. Thus, he mentioned "the tropics (torrida) have great abundance of water and vegetation". "Travel by ship was ruled out on the basis of the ignorance of the use of the magnetic compass for navigation in antiquity." However, in the Book of Mormon, it candidly, pointedly, and specifically states that the Lehites had a "ball". It is also stated in the Book of Mormon, as a second witness, that the Jaredites were blown across the ocean, with a “furious wind” that “did never cease to blow towards the promised land” (Ether 6:5, 8); arriving 344 days later (Ether 6:11). Therefore, they did not need the use of the magnetic compass for navigation. The logical concerns expressed by Father José de Acosta, S.J., are thus ruled out as invalid, in the case of the Book of Mormon, by statements that are provided by Joseph Smith, Jr., who knew nothing himself, as an unlearned lad, concerning the need for a magnetic compass, in transoceanic travel by ships. I have already discussed heretofore, concerning the fact that horses were used in the rock mountains, by Native American Indians, not connected to Hispanic conquests, as thus validating, primary source data: The Book of Mormon.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/liahona?lang=eng

Consider the following, using the concept that Latter-day Saints desired self-government, a Zion philosophy; not attained because of internal dissensions, from Kirtland, Ohio, to Missouri, to Nauvoo, Illinois, to the State of Deseret (Utah). etc. [The Territory of Deseret would have comprised roughly all the lands between the Sierra Nevada and the Rockies, and between the border with Mexico northward to include parts of the Oregon Territory, as well as the coast of California south of the Santa Monica Mountains (including the existing settlements of Los Angeles and San Diego). This included the entire watershed of the Colorado River (excluding the lands south of the border with Mexico), as well as the entire area of the Great Basin. The proposal encompassed nearly all of present-day Utah and Nevada, large portions of California and Arizona, and parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon.] In 1850, 1860, and 1870, by census counts: the historical population of Utah, in 1850 was only 11,380; of Oregon, in 1850, 12,093; of New Mexico, in 1850, 61,547; of California (total), in 1850, 92, 597; of Arizona, in 1860, 6,482; of Nevada, in 1860, 6,857; of Colorado, in 1860, 34,277; of Wyoming, in 1870, 9,118; of Idaho, in 1870, 14,999. Even the Library of Congress identifies, in an article by Carlyn Osborn, dated 25 Mar 2016: The State Formerly Known as Deseret. True Zionists, throughout history, are inspired to think big and accomplish big things; all from small beginnings: small babies, children of God, being the first premise or belief, that inspires great accomplishments in life.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/history-maps
https://www.churchhistorianspress.org/
Polygamy related dissensions between Relief Society Leader (s) and Brigham Young, after the murder of President Joseph Smith, Jr. and his brother, Church Patriarch Hyrum Smith; they are self-evident from a reading of this documented source.
https://www.churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Deseret,_State_of
https://blogs.loc.gov/maps/2016/04/the-state-formerly-known-as-deseret/

The Book of Mormon Lands are synonymous with "Zion", in the same way, evaluated historically, re: The Territory of Deseret is later defined as [nearly all of present-day Utah and Nevada, large portions of California and Arizona, and parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon.] There is however, one big difference, and that is, in the time following the visitation of Jesus Christ, "Zion" was fully established governmentally, and spread forth throughout all of the land, both in North America and South America. The same with the Jaredites, they spread forth throughout all of North America, and came down to the narrow neck of land, and made the whole of South America a hunting preserve, just like the United States today has National Parks and Recreation Sites; also, it is self evident, that they had a large fort system in Mesoamerica, and the governmental representatives would have had hunt guides, into South America, as well as "strays" coming down during extreme famine up north, or to escape furious wars and other related family problems. It is also self-evident from Biblical Chronology, that with the division of the continents, during the time of Peleg, that reasonably, there were some humans carried away with the Continental Drift, after the animal re-population from the Ark of Noah. That the "First Americans Lived on Bering Land Bridge for Thousands of Years", is thus made to appear, from ancient historical records, kept by truth telling prophets of God, and ancient Patriarchs, to be nothing more or less than pure absurdity; also, invalidating all current science, of DNA "genetic evidence", the ice age, and other fictions, theories, and philosophies of men and women.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/101?lang=eng
http://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/portals/wildlife/pdfs/publications/laws%20&%20regs/pub129.pdf
https://www.recreation.gov/
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/first-americans-lived-on-bering-land-bridge-for-thousands-of-years/

About A.D. 321-326, Mormon made a record of the things which I have both seen and heard, and call it the Book of Mormon. His eye-witness, primary source evidence, is: And it came to pass that I, being eleven years old, was carried by my father into the land southward, even to the land of Zarahemla. Read that carefully, for even to the land of Zarahemla indicates it was some distance from the entrance into the land southward, before one would reach even to the land of Zarahemla. This is so absolutely obvious, from a genealogical research standpoint. [And they did remember his words; and therefore they went forth, keeping the commandments of God, to teach the word of God among all the people of Nephi, beginning at the city Bountiful; And from thenceforth to the city of Gid; and from the city of Gid to the city of Mulek; And even from one city to another, until they had gone forth among all the people of Nephi who were in the land southward; and from thence into the land of Zarahemla, among the Lamanites.] So, by A.D. 321-326, the whole face of the land, from north to south, was "covered with buildings, and the people were as numerous almost, as it were the sand of the sea." Then war began to be among them in the borders of Zarahemla, by the waters of Sidon, which was NOT, from a genealogical research standpoint, near or at the point of the beginning of the land southward, i.e., the narrow neck of land entrance-way. And critically, at this same time period, the Lord's beloved disciples, were taken away, and the work of miracles and of healing did cease because of the iniquity of the people. So, for a period of years, approximately, in round numbers, about 300 years, there was medical healing available to the House of Israel in the Land, for longevity (after that ye are seventy and two years old), recovery, and other health related issues.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/triple-index/zarahemla-land-of.t1?lang=eng&letter=z
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/hel/5?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/morm/1?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/28?lang=eng

So, for simple statistical comparison, there were, by historical count, 4,646 people in the "United States", in 1630, excluding Native Americans. By 1930, after a period of 300 years for the history of the United States, there were, including immigration from other foreign countries, (as well as loss from the American Civil War [In July 1861, the two armies were nearly equal in strength with less than 200,000 soldiers on each side], Wars, World War I and related health issues), a total of 123,202,624 USA people. According to The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, Volume 1, An estimated 12 million Maya occupied hundreds of cities and towns at the height of the Classic Period, with the entire Classic era, dating from AD 120 to AD 909. These estimate relationships suggest only one tenth of the total of United States comparative population, for a similar relevant period of time and semi-related conditions. Thus, this identifies, with an estimate of exceedingly healthy Book of Mormon birth rates, and very low death rates before full aging (72 years, or longer) after the time of Christ: Zion and its people, or The Book of Mormon Lands, are the same as all of North America and South America together.
https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/facts.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=xeJMAgAAQBAJ&pg=RA1-PA350&lpg=RA1-PA350&dq=estimated+population+of+mesoamerica+in+350+A.D.&source=bl&ots=3ClTf_Cr8k&sig=mN--CerARnOYoxKnRJIXiwvvFtc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGltyd4_DRAhXBMGMKHcniBOEQ6AEIPDAF#v=onepage&q=estimated%20population%20of%20mesoamerica%20in%20350%20A.D.&f=false

GENOCIDE WARS Between Nephites and Lamanites. The United States (Civil) War was an internal war of regional supremacy; the Lamanite vs Nephite war was in its final stages, a genocidal war, with no quarter given. I conduct, by use of the Internet, detailed, interdisciplinary, academic data sets research, in social and historical networks, to obtain application-driven, genealogical and family history real world results.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/schoolscollegesuniversities.htm
Every nation in the world has attached Sub Sets:
Zip - BOOKS (BYU) Genealogy: Education in ["x" Country] - Directory: Information & Search.
Examples:
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/whatsnewbooks.htm
https://sites.lib.byu.edu/familyhistory/alphabetical-list/
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/melvyluniversityofcaliforniagenealogyfamilyhistory.htm#research

Book of Mormon Chronology Between A.D. 360 and 385
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Mormon_chronology#Between_AD_360_and_385
AD 360: Lamanites again come to battle the Nephites. Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land, or Mesoamerican region is correctly defined as the Nephite Capital Regional Metropolitan Area government; Strategic Headquarters and Military Command Post, with extended networking trade and transportation roads and paths support system, for the Armies and Pacific-Caribbean Navy of Mormon.

AD 362: Nephites beat the Lamanites in battle and begin to boast in their own strength and "swear before the heavens that they would avenge themselves of the blood of their brethren who had been slain by their enemies" (Mormon 3:9). Mormon "utterly refuse[s]...to be a commander and a leader" to the Nephites (Mormon 3:11). This is the beginning of the GENOCIDE WARS of the Nephites; killing all of the men, women, children, civilians and soldiers, indiscriminately.
. . .
AD 367: Mormon describes "the horrible scene of the blood and carnage which was among the people, both of the Nephites and of the Lamanites" (Mormon 4:11). Lamanites take the city of Desolation back driving the Nephites before them, next attacking the city of Teancum and taking many women and children prisoners to offer up as sacrifices to their idol gods. Nephites drive the Lamanites out of their land in anger over Lamanite sacrifices (Mormon 4:15).

AD 375: After eight years of no conflict between the two sides, the Lamanites attack. Meanwhile, the Nephites, from this point forth, gain no power over their enemies (Mormon 4:16-18), resulting in a nationwide retreat (Mormon 4:22). This is the beginning of the GENOCIDE WARS of the Lamanites; killing all of the men, women, children, civilians and soldiers, indiscriminately. Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land, or Mesoamerican region is then correctly defined as the Lamanite Capital Regional Metropolitan Area government; Strategic Headquarters and Military Command Post, with extended networking trade and transportation roads and paths support system, for the Armies and Pacific-Caribbean Navy of the Lamanite Kings.

AD 378: Publication of a National Geographic collectors edition notes: "Mysteries of the Maya" includes fragmentary king lists. I found it interesting that America now has a medieval past that can now be documented from National Geographic efforts. In particular, data comes from the online photography file. "A stone monument from the Maya metropolis of Tikal commemorates the arrival of Fire Is Born in A.D. 378. Its shape recalls the feather-adorned ball court markers typical of central Mexico, the homeland of Fire is Born. The writing on the shaft describes him as the envoy of a mysterious ruler named Spear-thrower Owl, represented in the medallion at the top by an owl with an atlatl, or spear-thrower. Other sources reveal that Fire Is Born installed Spear-thrower Owl’s son as the new king of Tikal." This is real time, the beginning historical evidence of a Lamanite ruler, governing in the Middle American region, after the Lamanites broke through, from South America, and overran the Nephite fortifications and Armies and Pacific-Caribbean Navy of Mormon, due to the spirit of the Lord withdrawing from off all of the face of the land northward, from the people as a whole; caused by genocidal tactics by the outraged Nephite military.
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/08/maya-issue/table-of-contents
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/08/maya-rise-fall/gugliotta-text
http://www.waketech.edu/sites/default/files/libraryfiles/ereserves/ant240/Kingmaker.pdf
http://www.iia.unam.mx/images/difusion/La_ruta_de_la_serpiente_Los_gremios_del_comercio_teotihuacano_en_Mesoamrica/lecturas/Ruud-van-Akkeren_Teotihuacan.pdf

Sometime between AD 375 and 380: Mormon resumes command of the Nephite armies, not to save his own people, per se, since he knew his efforts were doomed; but, to save the records of the people, as promised by God to his ancestors. Thus, "Between AD 380 and 385: Mormon, with the permission of the Lamanites' king, gathers his people to Cumorah to fight the Lamanites." However, during this time, "Mormon abridges the Large Plates of Nephi, and compiles the record into its almost finished product". . . . "About AD 421: Moroni finishes the work his father and ancestors started, leaving a promise to its readers, and buries it in the earth " Unfortunately, this is not properly identified in Book of Mormon Archaeology circles. It is defined there as one of the collapses of Mayan civilization; it should actually be identified as the period when the Lamanites from South America, took over Nephite structures and regionally developed agriculture and trade centers. [Radiocarbon data and dating from ceramics and highly controlled archaeology excavations provided new information on the ancient civilization's two major collapses.] The first collapse did not occur around the 2nd century A.D. It occurred, by Book of Mormon Chronology, A.D. 360 to 385; it can be used from this primary source documentation, to re-calibrate at least, after the death of Christ, this glaring deficiency in radiocarbon dates and estimates, for greater scientific accuracy.

Notes: Levi Hancock diary verifies that: "this land was called the land of desolation and Onendagus was the king and a good man was he, there in that mound did he bury his dead and did not dig holes as the people do now but they brought there dirt and covered them untill you see they have raised it to be about one hundread feet high, the last man buried was Zelf, he was a white Lamanite who fought with the people of Onendagus for freedom" . . . ""Hancock identifies the Illinois River and says they were camped on the west side of the river. Further, he says the mound was a mile below the crossing, i.e., south [p.101] of the ferry." Moses Martin wrote: "This being in the Co of Pike, here we discovered a large quantity of large mounds. Being filed with curiosity we excavated the top of one so[m]e 2 feete when we came to the bones of an extraordinary large person or human being, the thigh bones being 2 inches longer from one Socket to the other than of the Prophet \whi\ who is upwards of 6 feete high which would have constuted some 8 or 9 feete high. In the trunk of this skeleton near the vitals we found a large stone arrow which I suppose brougt him to his end. Soon after this Joseph had a vision and the Lord shewed him that this man was once a mighty Prophet and many other things concerning his people. Thus we found those mounds to have be[en] deposits for the dead which had falen no doubt in some great Batles. In addition to this we found many large fortifications which als[o] denotes siviliseation and an innumberable population which has falen by wars and comotion and the Banks of this Beautiful River became the deposit of many hundred thousands whose graves and fortifications \have\ are overgrown with the sturdy oak 4 feete in diameter." . . . "Just two days later Joseph Smith wrote to his wife, Emma Smith, telling her about his experiences, and recounting, specifically, the experience at "Zelph Mound." In the letter he writes that they were "wandering over the plains of the Nephites, recounting occasionaly the history of the Book of Mormon, roving over the mounds of that once beloved people of the Lord, picking up their skulls & their bones, as a proof of its divine authenticity."
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=lhwVAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA255&lpg=PA255&dq=pike+county+illinois+local+history+books&source=bl&ots=_-LLPLA4KY&sig=lKrxcrdcYn5FIxq14J5MpMhlylY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj8ydyn-uPRAhUrrlQKHV0WA1E4ChDoAQhtMAU#v=snippet&q=Indians&f=false

From a genealogical research standpoint only, there is a tremendous opportunity to further explore and geographically validate Native Indian Cultures in this North American Region; re: Nephites, Lamanites and Jaredites. It is by doing an exhaustive study of early American Journal Records, diaries, or any other documents, and any other primary record sources, or as referenced in secondary published records, concerning precolonial settlements and inter-cultural testimonies, throughout the North American frontiers. With modern indexing, this can be done easily and carefully, by searches in Family History Books; county and local histories, genealogy magazines, gazetteers, etc.
https://books.familysearch.org/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?vid=FHD_PUBLIC&backFromPreferences=true
https://books.familysearch.org/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?fn=search&ct=search&mode=Basic&tab=default_tab&indx=1&dum=true&srt=rank&vid=FHD_PUBLIC&frbg=&vl%28freeText0%29=Indians

The spirit of Elijah is nondenominational (because of the faith and obedience of one widow woman of Zarephath; for, [although there were “many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah,” unto none of them was the prophet sent save unto the widow of Sarepta]. Hospitality towards the servants of God, in the last days, will preserve all religious adherents, individually and collectively, as well as the heathen nations, who know not God.); it comprehends the promulgation of all necessary information and disciplines, that need to be acquired, to prevent the whole earth from being utterly wasted at the coming of Jesus Christ.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-kgs/17?lang=eng
https://www.biblegateway.com/resources/all-women-bible/Widow-Zarephath
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Book_of_Mormon_Plates_and_Records

Specifically, it includes the planting in the hearts of the children the promises made to the fathers, and the hearts of the children shall turn to their fathers, ancient to modern. If it were not so, the whole earth would be utterly wasted at his coming. Therefore, it is self-evident, that the promises given to the fathers must be known, back to Adam and Eve; thus, the restoration of all ancient hidden records, including the Brass Plates of Laban; the restoration, by revelation, of information on every one of the billions of children born on this earth, as well as future record keeping for future generations. This includes all ancient to modern history, astronomy, medicine and heath information, family living, pedigree researches, educational attainments, science, technology, and how things work, people, languages, resources, school systems, religions, surnames, modern technologies, geography, geology, culture, archives and archiving, books and recording processes, libraries, museums, all known professions and trades, searching in knowledge databases, genealogy, archaeology, anthropology, local and family history sources and compilations, current events, activities among the nations of the world, military and war related information, nuclear and conventional resources, mineral resources, art, dance, music, and theater, translation and dictionaries, communications systems and community inter-relations, mathematics and all educational resources.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/

Book of Mormon Theology and basic Christianity note: God is the same, today, yesterday, and forever. Therefore, activities undertaken by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, today, can be geographically and in real time, physically, be genealogically patterned back into the history and times of The Book of Mormon. Example: Five Wise Virgins and Five Foolish Virgins in the LDS Church today pattern into the divisional wise Nephites and foolish Lamanites.

Question (1):: "Where, in 2017, is the modern day Hill Cumorah?"
Answer: It is the Granite Mountain Records Vault.
https://www.lds.org/media-library/video/2012-01-101-granite-mountain-records-vault-full?lang=eng

Question (2): "Why did the Nephites store records in hills anciently? "
Answer: Because the Nephites, Lamanites and Jaredites, were basic agricultural, pastoral people, or more or less civilized / uncivilized meat eaters. They were positioned, like pioneer Americans, who, without refrigerators, stored precious food supplies in root cellars; [a wide variety of foods can potentially be stored, for weeks to months, depending on the crop and the conditions, and the structure may not always be underground.] The Hill Cumorah / Ramah, and the Hill Shim, both located in North America, were constructed, or built up, as part of an ancient complex of combined burial ground systems, like present day town cemeteries, for descendants to visit; supporting road / trails / river transport systems with regional look-out towers (superimposed on the tops of burial mounds, etc.), in connection with military weapons storage areas, and record keeping storage vaults, which were excellent for keeping a variety of items, such as deceased bodies, at a low temperature and steady humidity, before burials.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_cellar
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/216243219579512431/
http://mattikaarts.com/blog/meat-curing-safety/
http://www.wilhelm-research.com/subzero/MMG_Allowable_Temp_and_RH.pdf

Mormon, as a ten-year-old, residing in North America, was commanded by Ammoron, custodian and Nephite record-keeper, to also keep a Journal Record of observations he made of Nephite proceedings. Mormon's father carried Mormon from the land northward, to the land southward, to the land of Zarahemla, located in South America. Mormon was given a 14 year trial period, (just like Joseph Smith, Jr. was later given a 4 year trial period, before he received the plates, under the jurisdiction of the angel Moroni. It is highly significant, in relation to the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., and his character and attributes, that he acted in the capacity of a "Seer", the greatest priesthood gift from God, before The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was even organized. It can be noted further, that even Jesus Christ, the greatest of All, the Jehovah of the Septuagint, was required, by His Heavenly Father, to go from grace to grace, until He received a fullness of power and glory. Jesus Christ, however, acted in the office of "Seer", when He visited the Temple at Jerusalem, when only twelve years of age, also without earthly parental consent, and independent of the callings, and formation of the Church in His day. He did not receive His baptism and His Commission to set up the Church, until he was legally and lawfully a fully functioning, independent male adult, and yet was without sin, and did no evil thing, because He was God Incarnate). Mormon compiled his Journal Record, and traveled from South America, when he was a mature young man, back into North America, and wrote his journal record on plates he later was directed to locate, in the "land Antum, unto a hill which shall be called Shim"; where all the sacred engravings (including Temple Records) concerning the people, were deposited. "And behold, ye shall take the plates of Nephi unto yourself, and the remainder shall ye leave in the place where they are; and ye shall engrave on the plates of Nephi all the things that ye have observed concerning this people." The hill called Shim was located in North America, west / south / southwest, of the Hill Cumorah / Ramah, as [Omer departed out of the land with his family, and traveled many days, and came over and passed by the hill of Shim, and (then, later) came over by the place where the Nephites were destroyed (Hill Cumorah / Ramah), and from thence eastward, and came to a place which was called Ablom, by the seashore, and there he pitched his tent, and also his sons and his daughters, and all his household, save it were Jared and his family.] This South to North, Northeast pattern appears also in the pattern of travel developed in early LDS brethren, in their mapping and statements concerning the location of the Manti Temple, etc.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+2:41-52&version=KJV
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-fourth-nephi-through-moroni-zion-destruction/18-moroni-last-nephite-prophets

This is a double witness of ancient geographic locations and travel patterns. This indicates that one of the ancient Jaredite government centers was located in the southern portion of the North American continent; like Poverty Point. [Domestic tools, human figurines and tons of stones from up to 800 miles away have led to speculation that Poverty Point was an ancient residential, trade and ceremonial center.] . . . [Likewise, think of the stone found at Poverty Point as a roadmap. Rocks and minerals came to the site from as far away as present-day Iowa and as far east as the Appalachians. Water tied these routes together. Like our modern highway system, boat travel along the Mississippi River and its tributaries facilitated the movement of people and materials.] . . . [Burial mounds were common throughout the southeastern and central U.S., yet the absence of human remains at Poverty Point suggests these monumental earthworks, built by hand, were being used for other purposes. (like general conferences)] . . . [The site was once at the center of a huge trade network.] Poverty Point and other Jaredite locations, were abandoned, according to the best written evidence within the Book of Ether, because of severe drought, as well as internal Jaredite wars, and subsequent outmigration, as in the case of Omer, who departed out of the land, etc.
http://povertypoint.us/

Question (3): "Why is there such little evidence of Nephite-Lamanite-Jaredite activities in and around the Hill Cumorah, in upstate New York?"
Answer: Because they were mobile military units traveling long distances, and they participated in cannibalistic genocide wars. NOTE: Denial - The Final Stage "is the eighth stage that always follows a genocide. It is among the surest indicators of further genocidal massacres. The perpetrators of genocide dig up the mass graves, burn the bodies, try to cover up the evidence and intimidate the witnesses (Lamanites demanded that the Nephite remnants deny Jesus Christ, or they would be killed; else, they became slaves of their Lamanite captors, with historical memory obliterated). They deny that they committed any crimes, and often blame what happened on the victims." [And Laman said unto Lemuel and also unto the sons of Ishmael: Behold, let us slay our father, and also our brother Nephi, who has taken it upon him to be our ruler and our teacher, who are his elder brethren.] This is genocide mentality, as shown in full.
https://www.lds.org/manual/book-of-mormon-stories/chapter-53-moroni-and-his-teachings?lang=eng
http://www.genocidewatch.org/aboutgenocide/8stagesofgenocide.html
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/1-ne/16.37?lang=eng

Reputations in the outside world (usually found in ancient archaeological remains), are not of primal importance to faith based practicing communities. Their only primary, basic interest is to be recorded in godly priesthood ordinance records (not presently available) and then remain true and faithful to the end. That being said, Book of Mormon archaeological findings, and in particular, King Lists and Judicial Government leaders, should predominantly appear as evidences of "Lamanite" or secular leaders, (including those from different denominational churches in the land, who denied Christ and persecuted Nephites; willful atheistic rebellion; those who would obliterate monumental references to Nephite ethnic groups); and thus not be representative of the basic thrust of names and identities, which are found in the religiously oriented, Nephite-Lamanite time frames, discussed in the Book of Mormon. The King Lists of the Jaredites belong to a previous era, for which archaeological evidences are more limited. Mosiah did not translate the Jaredite plates until About 92 B.C.; thus, this data set of information was not part of the known Nephite cultural knowledge mindset, before that time.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Book_of_Mormon,_Government_and_Legal_History_in_the
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/28.11-13?lang=eng#10

The Mulekites are the beginnings of the indirect inculcation of oral history traditions, into the Book of Mormon posterity, with obvious and apparent Royalty heir claims by intermarriage, into the Royal Davidic House of Judah; i.e., intermarried Nephite-Mulekite families. "Zarahemla gave a genealogy of his fathers, according to his memory; and they are written, but not in these plates." The seed of Zedekiah are inherently part of hereditary Kings Lists, separate from former, traditional Nephite King authority. Evidences of archaeological findings of "Lamanite" pride should become definitely prominent, beginning with A.D. 200, when goods and substance were no longer held in common and class divisions occurred. This should accelerate in the time period of A.D. 245, when the wicked became exceedingly more numerous in the land, with evidences of discord and internal local destruction, occurring between A.D. 261, when the Gadiantons return, and of course A.D. 301, when the Nephites become as sinful as the Lamanites.
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1987/03/the-mulekites?lang=eng

Conclusions, from a genealogical research standpoint:
(1) Radiocarbon dating is exceedingly inaccurate, at present, much more so preceding the death of Christ; and, still genealogically inhibiting, after the death of Christ. It needs to be recalibrated, using Book of Mormon dates.
(2) Mesoamerican evidences do not now clearly and specifically identify known and assured historical events from the Book of Mormon.
(3) The city of Zarahemla, which was burned at Christ’s death, can be found in South America; having limited (oral tradition) Mulekite knowledge connections up into Mesoamerica, and points northward. Coriantumr wandered down southward from the final battlefield of the Jaredite nation, through vacated settlements in North America; the remains of deceased population groups, until he was finally discovered and lived for 9 moons with the people of Zarahemla.

"And it came to pass that the army of Coriantumr did pitch their tents by the hill Ramah; and it was that same hill where my father Mormon did hide up the records unto the Lord, which were sacred." . . . "And it came to pass that the armies of Coriantumr did press upon the armies of Shiz that they beat them, that they caused them to flee before them; and they did flee southward, and did pitch their tents in a place which was called Ogath." So, Ogath was south of the hill Ramah, or Cumorah. "Wherefore, they were for the space of four years gathering together the people, that they might get all who were upon the face of the land, and that they might receive all the strength which it was possible that they could receive." This is a big deal and took four whole years for both armies to gather all their people together, including men, women, and children. "And it came to pass that Lib also did that which was good in the sight of the Lord. And in the days of Lib the poisonous serpents were destroyed. Wherefore they did go into the land southward, to hunt food for the people of the land, for the land was covered with animals of the (tropical) forest. And Lib also himself became a great hunter. And they built a great city by the narrow neck of land (Mesoamerica), by the place where the sea divides the land." Conclusion: The armies of Coriantumr did press upon the armies of Shiz that they beat them, that they caused them to flee before them; and they did flee southward, and did pitch their tents in a place which was called Ogath.

The full extent of the Jaredite nation was at least from the regions of the Hill Cumorah, and northward, in New York State, down to the narrow neck of land separating North and South America, within which, both armies scoured the lands to bring together their mighty armies, to fight to the death. Lib left a record indicating they did go into the land southward, to hunt food for the people of the land, in South America. Thus, from a genealogical research standpoint, Coriantumr, a severely wounded soldier of battle, was wandering to South America via North American settlements after the Jaredite destruction, to obtain or hunt food for himself, in the tradition of his fathers; and, that is where the people of Zarahemla discovered him, in the area of Zarahemla; indicating the city of Zarahemla had scouts or guards posted outside the city population and farming parameter limits.

(4) Zarahemla, with regional population centers, is a mineral rich area, used for ancient crucible production of iron and steel and other precious metals, as stated by Nephi in the Book of Mormon; sans later geologic / volcanic changes.
https://archive.org/stream/cu31924020012419/cu31924020012419_djvu.txt
'Chart of Guyana, &ca. shewing the connections between the two Great Rivers Amazon &... | The National Archives
https://archive.org/stream/mineraldeposits01singgoog/mineraldeposits01singgoog_djvu.txt
https://books.google.com/books?id=la7PAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA582&lpg=PA582&dq=Orinoco+River+basin+minerals&source=bl&ots=UHSqvpqbNW&sig=jJbTQ6SUnfAVDSausS3I2VM8EYY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj24a6ry-DRAhXCNSYKHfBcAto4ChDoAQgbMAE#v=onepage&q=Orinoco%20River%20basin%20minerals&f=false
https://www.google.com/search?q=Orinoco+River+basin+gold+deposits&biw=1600&bih=732&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx7v3eouHRAhVKyoMKHen_DdQQ7AkITQ

Reflexive Archaeology in the Orinoco River, Venezuela: Results of the 2015 Field Season: [Jose is leading a four-year project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust, which focuses on the archaeology of Cotúa Island, a pre-Columbian trade centre located in the Middle Orinoco River. Available archaeological evidence suggests that traders from diverse and distant regions interacted at Cotúa Island over the course of two millennia before European colonization. However, the specific characteristics of this interaction and the role it played in regional pre-Columbian ethnogenesis are not yet well understood.]
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/calendar/articles/2015-16-events/20151026

Cotúa Island-Orinoco Reflexive Archaeology Project: [This new four-year research project (2015-19) funded by The Leverhulme Trust (RPG 2014-234) focuses on the archaeology of Cotúa Island and its immediate vicinity of the Atures Rapids in the upper reaches of the Middle Orinoco River in Venezuela. During the Colonial period (16-18th century AD) Cotúa Island was an entrepôt visited by traders from diverse ethnicities and distant regions. Archaeological evidence, however, hints that Cotúa was a multi-ethnic trade ‘center’ that evolved over two millennia prior to European colonization. The project seeks to elucidate the characteristics of these regional longue durée interactions, as well as to shed light on the role that Cotúa Island’s inhabitants played in processes of pre-Columbian ethnogenesis]. . . . [Broad area décapage has not been implemented in the Orinoco River region for pre-Columbian archaeology. As a consequence, not a single pre-Columbian community plan has yet been documented along the entire length (2470Km) of the Orinoco River.]
https://www.academia.edu/8296429/Oliver_J._R._F._Scaramelli_and_M._Arroyo-Kalin_2014_The_Cot%C3%BAa_Island_Entrep%C3%B4t_Building_A_Reflexive_Archaeology_Project_in_the_Orinoco_Basin_Venezuela
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/directory/orinoco-reflexive-oliver
https://ucl.academia.edu/JoseOliver

REFERENCES: References
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/science.htm#References

Book of Mormon Archaeology Inquiry
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10154868710186424&id=261975771423

EVALUATING BOOK OF MORMON GEOGRAPHY FROM A GENEALOGICAL STANDPOINT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10201492174961218&id=261975771423

LIGHT THE WORLD WITH A HAPPY NEW YEAR GIFT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10154951916051424&id=261975771423

Speaking of DNA and the Middle East Tree of Life, Etc.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155042481646424&id=261975771423
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