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Thomas Milton Tinney, Sr.
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If the Trumpet Give an Uncertain Sound,
Who Shall Prepare Himself for Battle?
https://www.lds.org/liahona/1983/02/if-the-trumpet-give-an-uncertain-sound?lang=eng

O[rganic evolution, anthropogenic climate change, radiometric dating and a 4.56 billion-year-old age of the Earth are all seriously taught on campus by professors, who are in good standing with the church, in fields directly relating to these subjects], even though Jesus Christ has revealed that "he shall utter his voice out of Zion, and he shall speak from Jerusalem, and his voice shall be heard among all people; And it shall be a voice as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder, which shall break down the mountains, and the valleys shall not be found. He shall command the great deep, and it shall be driven back into the north countries, and the islands shall become one land; And the land of Jerusalem and the land of Zion shall be turned back into their own place, and the earth shall be like as it was in the days before it was divided." Now, this instantaneous response to the words coming out of the mouth of Jesus Christ, really puts a massive roadblock on a 4.56 billion-year-old age of the Earth, as the earth shall be like as it was in the days before it was divided, or in the days of Peleg. Encyclopaedia Britannica falsely suggests [Pangea was surrounded by a global ocean called Panthalassa, and it was fully assembled by the Early Permian Period (some 299 million to 272 million years ago). The supercontinent began to break apart about 200 million years ago, during the Early Jurassic Period (201 million to 174 million years ago), eventually forming the modern continents and the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Pangea’s existence was first proposed in 1912 by German meteorologist Alfred Wegener as a part of his theory of continental drift. Its name is derived from the Greek pangaia, meaning “all the Earth.”] This is total rejection of the Doctrine and Covenants and Jesus Christ as the creator of this earth, according to His Word.
https://www.britannica.com/place/Pangea

http://Phys.org presents Radiocarbon dating gets a postmodern makeover, and mentions: "They were studying a little atom called carbon-14. Also known as radiocarbon, carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus of six protons and eight neutrons. Radiocarbon is in every living thing. They discovered its half-life, or the time it takes for its radioactivity to fall by half once the living thing dies, is 5,730 years (give or take 40). It's unusually long and consistent half-life made it great for dating." By the standard of of James Ussher chronology, or Annales Veteris Testamenti, a prima mundi origine deducti, una cum rerum Asiaticarum et Aegyptiacarum chronico, a temporis historici principio usque ad Maccabaicorum initia producto, the first day of creation fell upon, October 23, 4004 BC; Venerable Bede in 723 (3952 BC); John Lightfoot in 1644 (3929 BC); Johannes Kepler (3992 BC); and Isaac Newton (4000 BC); etc. The depths of time and eternity, for recognizing the immensity of geologic time, came on a clear day in the summer of 1788, when James Hutton, Sir James Hall of Dunglass, and John Playfair looked at steeply inclined beds of slate, covered by gently sloping red sandstone; thus, "An epocha still more remote presented itself, when even the most ancient of these rocks, instead of standing upright in vertical beds, lay in horizontal planes at the bottom of the sea, and was not yet disturbed by that immeasurable force which has burst asunder the solid pavement of the globe." . . . Critically, as stated by Hutton in 1788, "we find no vestige of a beginning, no prospect of an end". So scientific geologists build their house on sand, as there is no creation beginning, and the earth, having no end, eliminates all judgment, for there can be no future celestial glory for the earth. "The mind seemed to grow giddy by looking so far into the abyss of time.", says John Playfair. In January, 1835 Joseph Smith, Jr. was engaged in "preparing the lectures on theology for publication" (HC 2:180). Until 1921, the "Lectures on Faith" were printed in various editions of the Doctrine and Covenants, with chronology. In May 1838 Joseph Smith, Jr. went to a horseshoe bend of the Grand River, seventy miles north of Kansas City, and named it Adam-ondi-Ahman; "it is the place where Adam shall come to visit his people, or the Ancient of Days shall sit, as spoken of by Daniel the Prophet". The Lectures on Faith indicate longer life spans, as Adam was 130 years old when Seth was born (Gen. 5:3). Seth was 105 when Enos was born (Gen. 5:6). Seth was 800 years old when Adam died. Seth lived after he begat Enos 807 years, making him 912 years old at his death (Gen. 5:7-8). Seth died in the 1042nd year of the world. Yet, when living things die, it takes approximately 5,750 years for radioactivity to fall, even in the best of times, by half, or, from about 4,000 BC to AD 1750, which eliminates a study of humanity by carbon-14 dating. However, the claim is made, that: "The first modern humans did not evolve in Africa until about 1.8 million years ago. The time between then and now is just a single tick on the universe's clock". What gets thrown out the window, in the process, is the future Patriarchal and General Authorities Priesthood meeting at Adam-ondi-Ahman, as well as the admonition to look for the return of Jesus Christ, Our Lord and Master; Temple Ordinance Work for the Living and the Deceased, as well as a multitude of revelations contained in the standard works of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. But let us even be more specific, about what modern science is cooking up for all the world to believe. A cave in South Africa may be the site of the world's oldest barbecue -- and a clue to early humans' development. . . . "Evolutionary science shows that our distant progenitors became bipedal 6 million to 7 million years ago. Archaeologists believe early hominins evolved bigger brains as they walked, took up hunting and developed more complex social structures. That process led to the emergence of Homo habilis, the first creature generally regarded as human, 2.3 million years ago. Yet H. habilis’ brain was only moderately larger than Australopithecus’, and its body retained many apelike features. No one knows why, just 500,000 years later, a radically more advanced species — Homo erectus — emerged. Its brain was up to twice the size of its predecessor’s, its teeth were much smaller, and its body was quite similar to ours. Wrangham credits the transformation to the harnessing of fire. Cooking food, he argues, allowed for easier chewing and digestion, making extra calories available to fuel energy-hungry brains." . . . The altered anatomy of H. erectus, Wrangham wrote, indicates that these beings, like us, were “creatures of flame.” This is in direct contradiction to the Book of Moses, as Adam and Eve were given commandments, "that they should worship the Lord their God, and should offer the firstlings of their flocks, for an offering unto the Lord", which would have required the use of fire; also, "This thing is a similitude of the sacrifice of the Only Begotten of the Father, which is full of grace and truth." Elijah's God is truth and answers by fire.
https://phys.org/news/2017-04-radiocarbon-dating-postmodern-makeover.html
http://discovermagazine.com/2013/may/09-archaeologists-find-earliest-evidence-of-humans-cooking-with-fire
https://www.lds.org/manual/old-testament-study-guide-for-home-study-seminary-students-2015/introduction-to-leviticus/unit-12-day-2-leviticus-1-11?lang=eng

I think it is all a matter of perspective. Jesus Christ is the light of the sun, moon, and stars. He that ascended up on high, as also he descended below all things, in that he comprehended all things, that he might be in all and through all things, the light of truth; Which truth shineth. This is the light of Christ. As also he is in the sun, and the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made. . . . And the earth also, and the power thereof, even the earth upon which you stand. The Sun is the nearly perfect spherical star at the center of the Solar System, with a diameter about 109 times that of this Earth, which is part of a flattened orbiting disk that is called the Solar System. So, looking out from the Sun, the planets would appear somewhat as minuscule flat pebbles drifting around the Sun, like skipping stones, cast over a still pond of water. Jesus Christ has total control over all of the Sun's energy coming from nuclear fusion reactions in its core, fusing hydrogen into helium. In a single second, the Sun generates the rough equivalent of one trillion 1 megaton bombs going off. Over 7.4 billion humans now live on Earth and depend on Jesus Christ, who created its biosphere and minerals for their survival, as did all our ancestors, descending from Adam and Eve. If you consider that every second, the Earth receives about 400 trillion trillion watts worth of the sun's power, it is not unreasonable to believe that the creator of this Earth only needed six celestial days, or 6,000 Earth years, for its creation, with a seventh day of rest. In like manner, the Hemispheric Model comprehends the South American Model, the Mesoamerica Model, the Heartland Model, and all other models, as subparts within the all inclusive whole of Zion, in both North America and South America.

Two Interesting Maps . . . in the Archives Division of the Historical Department of the Church relative to Moroni’s North American journeys. From a genealogical research standpoint, these maps, as rendered, have additional supporting evidence from the following statement: "The brethren procured a shovel and a hoe, and removing the earth to the depth of about one foot, discovered the skeleton of a man, almost entire, and between his ribs the stone point of a Lamanitish arrow, which evidently produced his death. Elder Burr Riggs retained the arrow. The contemplation of the scenery around us produced peculiar sensations in our bosoms; and subsequently the visions of the past being opened to my understanding by the Spirit of the Almighty, I discovered that the person whose skeleton was before us was a white Lamanite, a large, thickset man, and a man of God. His name was Zelph. He was a warrior and chieftain under the great prophet Onandagus, who was known from the Hill Cumorah, or eastern sea to the Rocky Mountains.. . ." In other words, the noted travels of Moroni are confirmed in the idea that [the great prophet Onandagus, who was known from the Hill Cumorah, or eastern sea to the Rocky Mountains.] However, in the daily journal of the Kirtland Camp, written by Samuel D. Tyler: "September 25, 1838. We passed through Huntsville, Co. seat of Randolph Co. . . . and this is the ancient site of the City of Manti, which is spoken of in the Book of Mormon and this is appointed one of the Stakes of Zion, and it is in Randolph County, Missouri, three miles west of the county seat." The Book of Mormon Zarahemla is in South America. In a revelation given circa March 1841, Verily thus saith the Lord, . . "Let them build up a city unto my name upon the land opposite to the City of Nauvoo and let the name of Zarahemla be named upon it." So in this case, the city was directly named by the Lord Jesus Christ. Now, what this implies to me, is the thought that is so self evident in the naming patterns of physical areas in the United States, in particular, in the New England States, in the example of the early settlers renaming entities after cities and locations in their former abodes, or personal interests, in the United Kingdom, etc. Therefore, it should follow, as night does day, that the Nephites as they eventually spread out into all of North America, and possessed the land north of the Isthmus of Darien, (Spanish: Istmo de Darién) before and during the final fratricidal wars, that they would have patterned the name designations accordingly, as the geographical locations presented themselves to their view. Zarahemla in Iowa was upon land opposite to the City of Nauvoo, on the west side of the Mississippi River, and [The land of Zarahemla is on the west side of the river Sidon.] [The land of Zarahemla is in the center of the Nephite lands], in South America, and the land of Zarahemla was to be in the center of the Mormon colonization in and around the City of Nauvoo, Illinois. This would again suggest, that the City of Manti, in Missouri, was a carbon copy of one said city in South America. Now the question is: Was Jesus Christ trying to give us a hidden geographical clue as to where the ancient regional Book of Mormon cities were in South America? Additionally, from a genealogical research standpoint, information coming from sources closer to the primary event, are assumed to create better evaluations than those theories generated later in time. Thus, the Hemispheric Model can be assured as the most accurate, unless better direct evidence is asserted thereafter. We have the "scientific" theories that are used today to remove the simple facts suggested by the early Latter-day Saints. Take a little moment, just a very little moment, to see what tunnel vision this "science" offers. It is germane to the issue at hand. As an example, [According to abundant geological evidence, an asteroid roughly 10 km (6 miles) across hit Earth about 65 million years ago. . . . Debris from the explosion was thrown into the atmosphere, severely altering the climate, and leading to the extinction of roughly 3/4 of species that existed at that time, including the dinosaurs.] Now the utter foolishness of this statement is self evident, as it suggests, contrary to all intelligence, that the God of this earth, stupidly allowed the destruction of 3/4 of his own species that he had worked so hard to produce over millions of years. It is just plain, silly, pathetic, non logic, godless fantasy. That [Mammals were not common until after 65 My ago, and humanlike creatures appeared only in the last 4 My.] This is another jest of a humorless mindset, that cannot be matched into seven creative periods of durational time, as the gods would most definitely have had a hard time with a day of rest, "when humanlike creatures appeared only in the last 4 My." In other words, to believe all of this gibberish, one has given up the capacity to have faith, or the ability to accept deity as fact, and all life created over time, becomes nothing more or less than a contrived mental fiction, in which the children of Zion are all sifted as wheat, with no encouragement to stand tall when severely tested by the adversary.
http://www.bmaf.org/articles/joseph_rocky_mountains__christensen
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-fourth-nephi-through-moroni-zion-destruction/18-moroni-last-nephite-prophets

Furthermore, getting back to the maps, we can note and question whether "About 14,500 years ago, the lake level fell catastrophically as Lake Bonneville overflowed near Red Rock Pass, Idaho and washed away a natural dam formed by opposing overlapping alluvial fans. The lake level fell some 344 ft (105 m) to what is now the next lower bench (the "Provo level") in a flood that geologists estimate to have lasted up to a year . . . " This catastrophe actually can be considered to have occurred at the time of the death of Jesus Christ. Now the importance of this is that placing pluvial lakes within more recent times and Book of Mormon periods, shows then a reasonable explanation of the alleged map of Moroni's journeys, as large population groups in rapid migration, would need water supplies to obtain food and feed, which is not self evident from the current landscapes we know as being more hostile to human life, within the trail areas in the western United States. It can also be noted that maps in the Archives Division of the Historical Department of the Church, relative to Moroni’s North American journeys, in a northerly direction, generally follow along the so called ancient western shoreline of the Western Interior Seaway. Belief in the temporal time period for the earth, established by Section 77, of the Doctrine and Covenants, suggests elevated shipping ports and dock locations for Jaredites sailing inland seas, and descendants of Father Lehi, much later, being at, Lake Cahuilla, in California and northern Mexico; etc.
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/revelation-circa-march-1841-dc-125/1?highlight=zarahemla
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Bonneville#/media/File:Lake_bonneville_map.svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluvial_lake#/media/File:Pleistocene_Lakes_and_Rivers_of_Mojave.png
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Interior_Seaway#/media/File:Cretaceous_seaway.png
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/77?lang=eng
http://scriptures.byu.edu/gettalk.php?ID=1461

Stephen Lekson is Professor, University Museum Curator of Archaeology (Ph.D. University of New Mexico 1988) He has suggested that [North American and Mesoamericans shared culture and goods in the postclassical era, which began about 570 AD. The period had explosive population growth and is known for exploration and long-distance trade between city-states.]; that [Great North American civilizations from 1,000 years ago, including Chaco and Cahokia near St. Louis, were outliers of a vast Mesoamerican empire in southern Mexico.] An updated abstract, Amending the Meridian, in Archaeology, Volume 62 Number 1, January/February 2009, shows a map visualization of "The Chaco Meridian" at 108 degrees longitude. I found this tremendously interesting in relation to the Two Interesting Maps and Moroni's North American journeys, as it suggests the reasonableness of earlier calculated, north-south trails known to the Nephites and Lamanites. Steve Lekson, in “The Southwest in the World”, notes: [Here’s an abbreviated version, based on the last half of the last chapter of A History of the Ancient Southwest:] Very briefly, I note: [The Early Agricultural period in the Southwest was part of a much larger, continental phenomenon: from Poverty Point in the lower Mississippi Valley to Olmec in Veracruz, . . .] . . . [Brownware pottery spread throughout both Deserts and the Plateau between AD 200 and 400. Its initial appearance, in the Deserts, may hark back to the South—there must have been constant comings and goings between the Deserts and West Mexico.] . . . [By about AD 400, more than a millennium after farming villages first appeared in the Deserts, a few hundred small settlements flanked small steams, irrigating crops with small, simple ditches.] Of critical interest to me, from a Book of Mormon standpoint, is his assertion that [Around AD 500 at larger villages, a few prominent families with more lands, more wealth, and more power built notably larger residences (“Big Houses”) which incorporated ritual features. A ring of multiple Big Houses were built around and immediately adjacent to the central plaza. Other families built their smaller houses behind the inner circle of Big Houses, farther away from the plaza. The council houses of earlier times disappeared, their governance functions evidently shifting to Big House families.] From a genealogical research standpoint, I would suggest that this assertion parallels, the transition from Nephite government control, and total destruction of the Nephite nation, with the re-institution of scaled centralized power structures being established, under conquering Lamanite rulers, as they became land overlords. [. . . leaders legitimized themselves with exotic objects, badges of office: copper bells and other Mesoamerica regalia.]. . .[Pioneers in the archaeological study of exchange systems include Colin Renfrew, who argued that it was important to study trade because the institution of a trade network is a causal factor for cultural change.]; re: Nephites vs Lamanites.
http://www.colorado.edu/anthropology/stephen-lekson
http://archive.archaeology.org/0901/abstracts/insider.html
http://www.jqjacobs.net/southwest/chaco_meridian.html
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-fourth-nephi-through-moroni-zion-destruction/18-moroni-last-nephite-prophets
https://stevelekson.com/ancient-southwest/
https://www.thoughtco.com/what-are-exchange-systems-170817

Moroni saw our day; he knew about the gentile nations. Before that, In vision, Nephi “looked and beheld a man among the Gentiles, who was separated from the seed of my brethren by the many waters; and I beheld the Spirit of God, that it … wrought upon the man; and he went forth upon the many waters, even unto the seed of my brethren, who were in the promised land.” (1 Ne. 13:12.) Mormon's understanding and description of geography was not based on hearsay, guesses, assumptions or imperfect knowledge. Because they were righteous, Book of Mormon prophets knew our geography and location by the visions of God. Yes, and this does validate the Hemispheric model most assuredly, as Columbus made more than one trip, and yes, these trips did include both Mesoamerica and South America, and various islands and island groups in between. Nephi absolutely proves, without a shadow of a doubt, as he says Columbus went "even unto the seed of my brethren, who were in the promised land"; that this seed was located, at a minimum, in the north eastern regions of South America, in Middle America, and in the Islands of the Caribbean. If anyone has a testimony of Jesus Christ, this is all so self evident. Indeed, the visions of the gentle nations, contained in the Book of Mormon, opens up to a mind of faith, the reality that the heritage of the Native indigenous populations, in both North and South America, were expert in geography. The vision of Nephi was given about 600 to 592 B.C., patterned after similar visions of Father Lehi, and occurred "as my father dwelt in a tent, in the valley of Lemuel." . . . "Look, and behold thy seed, and also the seed of thy brethren. And I looked and beheld the land of promise; and I beheld multitudes of people, yea, even as it were in number as many as the sand of the sea." . . . "and I beheld many cities, yea, even that I did not number them." . . . "And it came to pass that I saw a mist of darkness on the face of the land of promise; and I saw lightnings, and I heard thunderings, and earthquakes, and all manner of tumultuous noises; and I saw the earth and the rocks, that they rent; and I saw mountains tumbling into pieces; and I saw the plains of the earth, that they were broken up; and I saw many cities that they were sunk; and I saw many that they were burned with fire; and I saw many that did tumble to the earth, because of the quaking thereof." . . . "And it came to pass after I saw these things, I saw the vapor of darkness, that it passed from off the face of the earth; and behold, I saw multitudes who had not fallen because of the great and terrible judgments of the Lord." . . . "And it came to pass that the angel spake unto me, saying: Look! And I looked and beheld many nations and kingdoms." . . . "And he said unto me: These are the nations and kingdoms of the Gentiles." . . . "And it came to pass that I beheld the Spirit of God, that it wrought upon other Gentiles; and they went forth out of captivity, upon the many waters" . . . "And it came to pass that I beheld many multitudes of the Gentiles upon the land of promise; and I beheld the wrath of God, that it was upon the seed of my brethren; and they were scattered before the Gentiles and were smitten." The Hemispheric model is an outgrowth and result of true prophetic revelation within the Book of Mormon itself. Period. And specifically, the mouth of the Orinoco at the Atlantic Ocean was documented by Columbus on 1 August 1498, during his third voyage. [Columbus landed, he and his crew being thus the first Europeans to set foot on South American soil. The natives were friendly and gladly exchanged pearls for European trinkets. . . . to the Island of Margarita, where he found the natives fishing for pearls, of which he obtained three bags by barter.] These natives (Amerindians) can be considered to be part of "the seed of my brethren", according to the words of Nephi in the Book of Mormon, as well as Tainos tribes. [The Taíno were an Arawak people who were the indigenous people of the Caribbean and Florida. The ancestors of the Taíno entered the Caribbean from South America; they were geographically connected to the Carib tribes, another group with origins in Venezuela and South America.] Lamanite and Nephite tribal divisions may have become personified in handed down traditions of the South American sun god, Adaheli, traditionally associated with the separation of people into two groups, with the ugly ones going to the east and the others to the west, each with their respective wives. This origination, from a genealogical research standpoint, presents the Lamanites, as initially living south of the Isthmus of Darien, indigenous peoples of the western South American seacoast, into the Andes mountains, vs. the eastern South American Nephites, who subsequently fled or migrated out into the Orinoco and Amazonian river basins, geographically altered at the death of Jesus Christ, both in North America and South America.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Columbus#/media/File:Viajes_de_colon_en.svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orinoco#/media/File:Orinoco_drainage_basin_map_(plain)-es.svg
http://www.blackhistorymonth.org.uk/article/section/pre-colonial-history/taino-indigenous-caribbeans/
http://www.powhatanmuseum.com/Taino_Culture.html
http://www.geraceresearchcentre.com/pdfs/1stColumbus/293_RouseI_1stColumbus.pdf
http://wps.pearsoncustom.com/wps/media/objects/2428/2487068/atlas/atl_ah1_m005.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_colonization_of_the_Americas#/media/File:America_1794.png

(1) From the time of the coming of Jesus Christ to the American Continent, until the removal of the Three Nephites, from a medical standpoint, all health issues were resolved, at a minimum, among all classes and peoples, through faith.
(2) Up to the time of the coming of Jesus Christ, according to the revelations given to the prophet Nephi, [I looked and beheld the land of promise; and I beheld multitudes of people, yea, even as it were in number as many as the sand of the sea." . . . "and I beheld many cities, yea, even that I did not number them." . . . "And it came to pass that I saw a mist of darkness on the face of the land of promise; and I saw lightnings, and I heard thunderings, and earthquakes, and all manner of tumultuous noises; and I saw the earth and the rocks, that they rent; and I saw mountains tumbling into pieces; and I saw the plains of the earth, that they were broken up; and I saw many cities that they were sunk; and I saw many that they were burned with fire; and I saw many that did tumble to the earth, because of the quaking thereof." . . . "And it came to pass after I saw these things, I saw the vapor of darkness, that it passed from off the face of the earth; and behold, I saw multitudes who had not fallen because of the great and terrible judgments of the Lord."] I will repeat for clarity: "and behold, I saw multitudes who had not fallen because of the great and terrible judgments of the Lord." My understanding of this comment suggests that not ALL of the inhabitants of the American Continents were centered in a small location, where Jesus Christ visited. He alone visited only a region containing part of the multitudes, who descended from unnumbered cities seen by Nephi, as well as of multitudes of people, yea, even as it were in number as many as the sand of the sea. Thus, when the Three Nephites went forth among all of the posterity of Lehi, remaining in the land, to the additional multitudes who had not fallen because of the great and terrible judgments of the Lord, they had power to overcome all of the physical obstacles in the way, by the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ, preaching and healing all these remaining multitudes, within the Hemispheric Model areas, multitudes spread throughout all the lands and seas and waterways of North America, Middle America, and South America.
(3) The point is clearly made in the Book of Mormon that ALL of the inhabitants of the American Continents, wherever they were converted, became fully committed followers of Jesus Christ, Our Lord and Master. Indeed, because that testimony includes evidence that they also had full access to the records of the Brother of Jared, the Brass Plates of Laban, etc., they were living the laws of the Celestial World here upon the American Continents. It is absurd for any modern member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, to pretend to believe, as mortal human beings, that Christian Nephites of this earlier era, in the history of the world, did not have interest in exploring and visiting regions of the world related to their own ancestral heritages; it is in the blood of those who have the Spirit of Elijah. This would include rediscovery of the lands of the Jaredites, as well as attempts to revisit the ancient Middle East. Living the Celestial Law in Full, anything they would ask for would be granted unto them, during the first generations after the coming of, and later subsequent visits of Jesus Christ; as well as constant administration from holy angels, etc.
(4) Jesus Christ said through the prophet Jacob, [Wherefore, my brethren, hear me, and hearken to the word of the Lord: For there shall not any man among you have save it be one wife; and concubines he shall have none]; also, that: [For if I will, saith the Lord of Hosts, raise up seed unto me, I will command my people; otherwise they shall hearken unto these things.] Jesus Christ had a population of Saints that had been converted after terrible destruction upon all of the face of the land, and from all previous studies I have done in the past, including THE ROYAL FAMILY OF THE PROPHET JOSEPH SMITH, JUNIOR, I have no doubt in my mind, that the celestial law of plural marriage was instituted among the converted Nephites, after the coming of Jesus Christ, in the fullness of its purity and glory, and that there was a massive increase of the seed of Abraham upon the Book of Mormon American Continents. This is further indicated by the difference in the millions spoken of in the time of the Jaredites, beginning in purity, compared to the hundreds of thousands spoken of in the early Nephite-Lamanite population expansion; with Lamanites shown as less circumspect.
http://mormonpolygamydocuments.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/JS0188.pdf

The Caribbean before Columbus, published 02 January 2017, by Oxford University Press; William F. Keegan and Corinne L. Hofman. [This book documents the diversity and complexity that existed in the Caribbean prior to the arrival of Europeans, and immediately thereafter. The diversity results from different origins, different histories, different contacts between the islands and the mainland, different environmental conditions, and shifting social alliances. . . . The Caribbean before Columbus presents a new history of the region based on the latest archaeological evidence. The authors also consider cultural developments on the surrounding mainland, since the islands' history is a story of mobility and exchange across the Caribbean Sea, and possibly the Gulf of Mexico and Florida Straits. The result is the most up-to-date and comprehensive survey of the richly complex cultures who once inhabited the six archipelagoes of the Caribbean.] In Vista Magazine, October 6, 1991, William F. Keegan mentions, concerning "Where did Columbus really set foot on the New World?"; [To date, ten different islands have been identified as the first landfall; a truly remarkable number when you consider that only 20 islands in the entire archipelago are even remotely possible candidates. In addition, more than 25 routes have been proposed to take Columbus to the three other Lucayan islands he visited before departing for Cuba. Represented on a single map these routes look like someone gone mad playing connect the dots.] What is important are items, such as "Columbus visited four native villages". or, as noted in the Columbus, My Friend article, published in Vista, November 3, 1991, that [the Admiral himself had described the Tainos and their islands in these words: "I believe that in the world there are no better people or a better land."]; or, that [Stalled by contrary winds, the two ships had been visited by hundreds, and on one day more than a thousand, Tainos who came in canoes or who swam to the ships.]; additionally, [While passing the Leeward Islands and then Puerto Rico Columbus had taken on board a number of Indians called "Caribees."] All of these individuals are by lineage, according to the given testimony of the prophet Nephi, in the Book of Mormon, "even unto the seed of my brethren, who were in the promised land". So the promised land, as such, included islands and inter-navigational waterways.
https://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-caribbean-before-columbus-9780190605247?cc=us&lang=en&#
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1992/10/columbus-and-the-hand-of-god?lang=eng

One might ponder the time period: 2253 B.C. to 2014 B.C. Eber was 34 when Peleg was born, in whose days the earth was divided (Gen. 11:16). Peleg was 30 when Reu was born (Gen. 11:18). Peleg lived after he begat Reu 209 years (Gen. 11:19). This added to 30 years, which was his age when Reu was born, makes him 239 years old when he died. Thus, according to the Biblical record, ALL maps created before the days of Peleg would have been constructed with waters surrounding a central, condensed land mass. After the confusion of tongues, "placement/sizes of oceans/seas, based on the framework and assumptions ancient chroniclers worked from", would directly have been influenced, in all cultural settings, and in all language presentations, restricted by understandings to segmented social groupings, with the former precondition given to rising generations, that from their sub set of humanity, their particular area of residency would indeed be, as in the beginning, a land mass surrounded with water. So, going all the way down to Pomponius ~ AD 43, we again, see, "ocean all the way around." Now, taking this back in time to Adam and Eve, we can mentally evolve a map in a similar, realistic construct, rivers from the Garden of Eden, in the area or region of Jackson County, Missouri, United States of America. Genesis 2:10–14 lists four rivers in association with the garden of Eden: Pishon, Gihon, the Tigris, and the Euphrates. All these rivers would have flowed outward and downward into the circular ocean, surrounding the one section of terrestrial land mass. Interestingly, {Christopher Columbus was keenly interested in finding the lost Garden of Eden. One of his prized possessions was a copy of cardinal Pierre d'Ailly's Imago Mundy, a geographical treatise that suggested "Terrestrial paradise perhaps is the place which the authors call the Fortunate Islands [the Canary Islands, off the northwest coast of Africa]." Columbus' copious marginal notes demonstrate his abiding interest in mapping the location of the lost Garden. When he stumbled onto the island of Hispanola, Columbus believed he was close to rediscovering Eden; a belief reinforced by the strength of the Orinoco river: "I have never read of heard of so great a quantity of fresh water so coming into and near the salt," he wrote to Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. "And the very mild climate also supports this view, and if it does not come from there, from paradise, it seems to be still a greater marvel, for I do not believe that there is known in the world a river so great and so deep."}
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_world_maps
http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt0102.htm#10
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/hns/garden/history.html

This reminds me, that "In October of 2016, Pete Kostelnick, age 29, set the world record for fastest run across America; he ran the 3,067 miles from San Francisco’s City Hall to New York’s City Hall in 42 days, 6 hours, 30 minutes". Consider the speed of Native American warriors in battle array, or population groups fleeing invading armies, burdened down with aged, infirm, and women and children to protect and feed along the way. "George Meegan (born 2 December 1952) is a British adventurer and alternative educator best known for his unbroken walk of the Western Hemisphere from the southern tip of South America to the northernmost part of Alaska at Prudhoe Bay. In the course of his walk and subsequent worldwide residencies, Meegan developed a profound interest in indigenous cultures; he sought innovative ways to teach native peoples how to flourish in modern technological society while retaining their language and identity." . . . "The epic journey he made from Tierra Del Fuego, South America to Prudhoe Bay, Alaska; 19,019 miles was completed in 2,425 days and took place between 1977 and 1983." He traversed the historically impassable Darien Gap... where he was shot at and luckily survived a knifing attack unscathed." . . . "there is no road connection through the Darién Gap connecting North America with South America and it is the missing link of the Pan-American Highway." . . . "The gap has been crossed by adventurers on bicycle, motorbike, all-terrain vehicle, and foot, dealing with jungle, swamp, insects, venomous snakes, and other hazards." Understanding the conditions that actually exist at the Darién Gap, in "The World's Most Dangerous Journey?", [The Darién Gap is an uncharted 150 kilometres of mountainous wilderness that spans the border of Colombia and Panama, known for drug trafficking, kidnappings, deadly snakes and worse.]; all of this underscores the true validity of the Hemispheric Model, including restricted reading: A Terrifying Journey Through the World's Most Dangerous Jungle | Outside Online.
https://georgemeegan.jimdo.com/longest-walk/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dari%C3%A9n_Gap
http://www.sbs.com.au/news/dateline/the-darien-gap
https://www.outsideonline.com/2098801/skull-stake-darien-gap

An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States, (The first history of the United States told from the perspective of indigenous peoples), by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, (2015 Recipient of the American Book Award}. Native peoples left an indelible imprint on the land with systems of roads that tied nations and communities together across the entire landmass of the Americas. Scholar David Wade Chambers {PhD, Harvard University, History of Science 1969; MA, Harvard University, History of Science 1966; BA, Oklahoma University, History 1960} writes: "The first thing to note about early Native American trails and roads is that they were not just paths in the woods following along animal tracks used mainly for hunting. Neither can they be characterized simply as the routes that nomadic peoples followed during seasonal migrations. Rather they constituted an extensive system of roadways that spanned the Americas, making possible short, medium and long distance travel. That is to say, the Pre-Columbian Americas were laced together with a complex system of roads and paths which became the roadways adopted by the early settlers and indeed were ultimately transformed into major highways." Additionally, [By the time of European invasions, Indigenous peoples had occupied and shaped every part of the Americas, established extensive trade networks and roads, . . . Inland a few miles from the shore of present-day Rhode Island, an early European explorer marveled at the trees that were spaced so that the forest “could be penetrated even by a large army.” English mercenary John Smith wrote that he had ridden a galloping horse through the Virginia forest. In Ohio, the first English squatters on Indigenous lands in the mid-eighteenth century encountered forested areas that resembled English parks, as they could drive carriages through the trees.] I state, as a professional genealogist, from a genealogical research standpoint, that this is critical secondary evidence that the horses and other instruments of commerce, which are mentioned in the Book of Mormon, historically become plausible and real, separate and apart from primary witness testimony from the Holy Ghost, and the sincere effort by individuals, to ask Heavenly Father, in the name of Jesus Christ, if the record is true. Continuing, [The first thing to note about early Native American trails and roads is that they . . . , the Pre-Columbian Americas were laced together with a complex system of roads and paths which became the roadways adopted by the early settlers and indeed were ultimately transformed into major highways. Roads were developed along rivers, and many Indigenous roads in North America tracked the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Columbia, and Colorado Rivers, the Rio Grande, and other major streams. Roads also followed seacoasts. A major road ran along the Pacific coast from northern Alaska (where travelers could continue by boat to Siberia) south to an urban area in western Mexico. A branch of that road ran through the Sonora Desert and up onto the Colorado Plateau, serving ancient towns and later communities such as those of the Hopis and Pueblos on the northern Rio Grande. From the Pueblo communities, roads eastward carried travelers onto the semiarid plains along tributaries of the Pecos River and up to the communities in what is now eastern New Mexico, the Texas Panhandle, and West Texas. There were also roads from the northern Rio Grande to the southern plains of western Oklahoma by way of the Canadian and Cimarron Rivers. The roads along those rivers and their tributaries led to a system of roads that followed rivers from the Southeast. They also connected with ones that turned southwestward toward the Valley of Mexico. The eastern roads connected Muskogee (Creek) towns in present-day Georgia and Alabama. From the Muskogee towns, a major route led north through Cherokee lands, the Cumberland Gap, and the Shenandoah Valley region to the confluence of the Ohio and Scioto Rivers. From that northeastern part of the continent, a traveler could reach the West Coast by following roads along the Ohio River to the Mississippi, up the Mississippi to the mouth of the Missouri, and along the Missouri westward to its headwaters. From there, a road crossed the Rocky Mountains through South Pass in present-day Wyoming and led to the Columbia River. The Columbia River road led to the large population center at the river’s mouth on the Pacific Ocean and connected with the Pacific Coast road.] . . . [Native peoples had created town sites, farms, monumental earthworks, and networks of roads, and they had devised a wide variety of governments, some as complex as any in the world. . . . They conducted trade along roads that crisscrossed the landmasses and waterways of the American continents. Before the arrival of Europeans, North America was indeed a "continent of villages," but also a continent of nations and federations of nations."] . . . [The Island peoples of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Basin were an integral part of the cultural, religious, and economic exchanges with the peoples from today's Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. Water, far from presenting a barrier to trade and cultural relations, served as a means of connecting the region's peoples.] This all justifies the reality of the Book of Mormon Hemispheric model, as the economic trade model constructed from the findings by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, and others, extends to distances that were comprehensively used in travel and commercial connections, throughout all of the whole western hemisphere.
http://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-n2007-10190/
http://iaia.academia.edu/WadeChambers
https://guymcpherson.com/2014/10/more-media-from-new-zealand/comment-page-2/

IA UAV–lidar system to map Amazonian rainforest and its ancient landscape transformations
. . . The nature and scale of pre-Columbian human impact in shaping Amazonian landscapes is a highly debated topic in New World archaeology, paleoecology and conservation. . . . Recent archaeological studies propose that Amazonian landscape was transformed by sizeable, regionally-organized societies at a scale larger than previously suggested. This hypothesis is based on the discovery of domesticated landscape features like raised-field agriculture, highly modified anthropogenic soils called Amazonian Dark Earths (ADEs), hundreds of massive geometrically patterned earthworks called geoglyphs and ring-ditches, clusters of villages, well-planned mound complexes as well as the dominance of useful plant species in proximity of certain rivers, and is challenging the concept of Amazonia as a virgin wilderness. Many of these ancient landscape features have been revealed as a result of deforestation activities hinting that it is highly likely that many such features are still hidden under the forest waiting to be discovered. Please note the comparative relevant statement to "cast up"; i.e., "discovery of domesticated landscape features like raised-field agriculture". . . . This article introduces a state-of-the-art unmanned aerial remote-sensing system assembled to document archaeology in Amazonian rainforest in order to assess the nature and scale of landscape transformations in Amazonia by pre-Columbian humans. . . . One such data, called the Bonal data, refers to the survey carried out in Rio Branco municipality, Acre state, Brazil. . . . Airborne lidar data collected in Bonal, Rio Branco municipality, Acre, Brazil reveals under-forest geoglyphs. [A geoglyph is a large design or motif (generally longer than 4 metres) produced on the ground and typically formed by clastic rocks or similarly durable elements of the landscape, such as stones, stone fragments, live trees, gravel, or earth.] . . . Figure 13 shows a 2D raster view of some agricultural fields in Santana area. The boundaries of crops, ridges and other linear features are very easily visible in the figure. Moreover, three linear water storage mounds can also be identified in the centre, while a dirt road can be seen in the upper-left (blue) corner of the raster.
http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/k8bWzaJ58BrJrepF7TZQ/full
Khan, L. Aragão & J. Iriarte
International Journal of Remote Sensing
http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tres20/current
Published online: 28 Feb 2017

Where is Zarahemla in South America? Gold for the Temple of God built after the manner of Solomon, by the prophet Nephi, as well as other ancient Temple structures built in the Americas, may reveal it. “How much gold decorated the Temple is also a matter of debate. Josephus describes the Temple facade as covered with ‘massive plates of gold’ and writes that a large golden vine hung with golden fruit above the large door leading to the inner sanctum. . . ."
http://www.ritmeyer.com/2015/12/14/the-gold-of-the-jerusalem-temple/
[The legendary El Dorado―the city of gold―remains a mere legend, but astonishing new discoveries are revealing a major civilization in ancient Amazonia that was more complex than anyone previously dreamed. Scholars have long insisted that the Amazonian ecosystem placed severe limits on the size and complexity of its ancient cultures, but leading researcher Denise Schaan reverses that view, synthesizing exciting new evidence of large-scale land and resource management to tell a new history of indigenous Amazonia. Schaan also engages fundamental debates about the development of social complexity and the importance of ancient Amazonia from a global perspective. This innovative, interdisciplinary book is a major contribution to the study of human-environment relations, social complexity, and past and present indigenous societies.]
https://www.amazon.com/Sacred-Geographies-Ancient-Amazonia-Historical/dp/1598745069
. . . The first, the Standard Model, . . . that people migrating into Amazonia [and to Orinoco basin regions] from the Andes . . . [Research Note: As, civilized Nephites, who actually did NOT undergo a process of deculturation, coming out of the western South American Lamanite dominated areas, from the regions south of the Isthmus of Darien, from coastal areas down to Chile, to Andes mountain regions, for religious and personal freedom.] The alternative, the Revised paradigm, contends that complex floodplain polities developed locally, actively engaged with the diversity of Amazonian ecosystems, intensively exploiting aquatic proteins, and shaped Amazonia from early on, building long-lived, populous complex and interconnected societies.[Reminiscent of the Temple built after the manner of Solomon, by the followers of the prophet Nephi.] . . . containing an [admixture of Carib tribes on the north (Venezuela), Andaean on the west, . . .]
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/cambridge-archaeological-journal/article/sacred-geographies-of-ancient-amazonia-historical-ecology-of-social-complexity-by-denise-pschaan-2012-new-frontiers-in-historical-ecology-3-walnut-creek-ca-left-coast-press-isbn-978-1-59874-506-1-hardback-6507-9400-232-pp-41-figs-1-table-paperback-2492-3695/51A7B3D403C089F046DB06934F7A2265
A List of the Tribes in the Valley of the Amazon, Including Those on the Banks of the Main Stream, and of All Its Tributaries
https://www.jstor.org/stable/3014163?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

What is the "sealed portion" of the Book of Mormon?
https://www.lds.org/new-era/2011/10/to-the-point/what-is-the-sealed-portion-of-the-book-of-mormon-and-will-we-ever-know-whats-in-it?lang=eng
Will we ever know what's in it? According to Jesus Christ, "For the Lord said unto me: They shall not go forth unto the Gentiles until the day that they shall repent of their iniquity, and become clean before the Lord. It was not revealed until after the arrival of the resurrected Jesus Christ on the American Continent, in which the Book of Mormon Nephite people did live with "no contentions and disputations among them, and every man did deal justly one with another. And they had all things common among them; therefore there were not rich and poor, bond and free, but they were all made free, and partakers of the heavenly gift." This was similar to City of Enoch people, who "were of one heart and one mind, and dwelt in righteousness; and there was no poor among them". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or Zion, is not yet founded on the Law of Consecration, which appears to be an obvious prerequisite, for obtaining the history of mankind, as revealed to the brother of Jared, to "seek to bring forth and establish the cause of Zion". New Testament Christians also were required to set their hearts first on the kingdom of God, and had "all things in common". Nevertheless, there is something more interesting and less obvious than this, as a marker or indicator of when the records will be revealed. According to Moroni, as he notes, in Chapter 4 of The Book of Ether, that: "And then shall my revelations which I have caused to be written by my servant John be unfolded in the eyes of all the people. Remember, when ye see these things, ye shall know that the time is at hand that they shall be made manifest in very deed." What??? What did Moroni just say? Yes, Moroni, on the American Continent, speaking circa A.D. 400, is suggesting that "my revelations which I have caused to be written by my servant John be unfolded in the eyes of all the people." This then includes section 77 of the Doctrine and Covenants, concerning "This earth has a temporal existence of 7,000 years." Wow!!! How can this be, with DNA and other dated man made theories? Protection for the Church comes from having a comprehensive detailed knowledge of the future of the earth. as revealed through Mahonri Moriancumer. Jesus Christ, in the Garden of Gethsemane, suffered for the sins of all people, including the transgressions of Adam and Eve, or the Fall, as He sweat great drops of blood from every pore in His body, and thereby redeemed man from the fall, and men became again, in their infant state, innocent before God; even as every spirit of man was innocent in the beginning.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/ether/4?lang=eng
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/John,_Revelations_of
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/77?lang=eng
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/science.htm#THEOLOGY_and_SCIENCE

Mormon Think gives the answer, in that on the bluffs of the Illinois River is the Zelph Mound. "Zelf he was a white Lamanite who fought with the people of Onendagus for freedom." His leader is defined as the Prophet Omandagus, as well as [He was a warrior under the great prophet /Onandagus/ that was known from the hill Camorah /or east sea/ to the Rocky mountains. The above knowledge Joseph receieved in a vision.] . . . [Joseph addressed himself to Sylvester Smith, "This is what I told you and now I want to tell you that you may know what I meant; this land was called the land of desolation and Onendagus was the king and a good man . . .] Mark Parker mentions: [There is also the possibility that the Jaredites built some of the original highways in the Yucatan and were improved upon by the Nephites.] There are horrible problems with dating periods and dating technology, as the earth has a temporal period of circa 7,000 years. This means, earthly, scientifically, the God given fact that NO temporal material instrument exists that can accurately measure beyond a 7,000 year limit. Theories can be postulated, ideas can be created, but no physical measurement can extend out beyond the designated age for this earth's mortal elements. This can only be done by and through the process of direct revelation from God. So Mormon "scholars" are dead in the water when it comes to putting their puzzle together. [The Illinois River is a principal tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 273 miles (439 km) long, in the U.S. state of Illinois. The river drains a large section of central Illinois, with a drainage basin of 28,756.6 square miles (74,479 km2). The drainage basin extends into Wisconsin and Indiana. This river was important among Native Americans and early French traders as the principal water route connecting the Great Lakes with the Mississippi.] Now ponder this for a moment. The land of desolation, all the way up into the regions of the Great Lakes and down to the narrow neck of land. Ponder the vast stretch under consideration. Ponder [the Pre-Columbian Americas were laced together with a complex system of roads and paths which became the roadways adopted by the early settlers and indeed were ultimately transformed into major highways. Roads were developed along rivers, and many Indigenous roads in North America tracked the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Columbia, and Colorado Rivers, the Rio Grande, and other major streams. . . . From that northeastern part of the continent, a traveler could reach the West Coast by following roads along the Ohio River to the Mississippi, up the Mississippi to the mouth of the Missouri, and along the Missouri westward to its headwaters. From there, a road crossed the Rocky Mountains through South Pass in present-day Wyoming and led to the Columbia River. The Columbia River road led to the large population center at the river’s mouth on the Pacific Ocean and connected with the Pacific Coast road.] So, when it is mentioned, about a Prophet King and Zelph, it should immediately become self evident, that in the last great battles between the Nephites and the Lamanites, from an archaeological standpoint, findings should be discovered, as further evidenced by the last map of the travels of the Prophet Moroni, somewhere contiguous with a line of last ditch fortifications, or way stations, being the escape route, beginning in northern portions of South America, up through all of Middle America, and according to the individuals listed, from the hill camorah /or east sea/ to the Rocky mountains. This is why it is so compelling to me, that [Inland a few miles from the shore of present-day Rhode Island, an early European explorer marveled at the trees that were spaced so that the forest “could be penetrated even by a large army.”] Mesoamerica is a central key puzzle piece, between and within the northern lands of desolation, and the southern hemisphere primal living regions for the originating descendants of Father Lehi, formerly used as a massive hunting reserve by the Jaredites.
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm

(1) The Plank Canoe of Southern California is compared with Distribution of sewn-plank canoe technology in the Pacific, from Santa Barbara, Hawaii, Marquesas Islands, Easter Island, and on down to Chile; interconnected with cultural diffusion by Polynesians of the sweet potato. Since prior to A.D. 700, the Book of Mormon history reveals a more cohesive society, commercially involved at a higher level of relationships, American Pacific seacoast regionalization appears overwhelming.
(2) In 1741, Natives living in Winnipeg (Central Canada) told a French explorer, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes (Sieur de la Verendrye) that there was a “tribe of whites” living west of Lake of the Woods. They were a tribe of horse people that had iron tools and cats. The Indians of Winnipeg called them “the Ouachipounnes.” [Ouachiponnes, or the Mandan, were described as "tall of stature, white in colour, with hair light, chestnut, and red . . ."] In 1785, the Royal British Cartographer, William Faden, indicated that a Tribe called “Wachipaunnes” was located in Montana. Lewis & Clark came upon them in 1806 alongside the headwaters of the Missouri River in Idaho. In the entry made in Clark’s journal, the explorer indicated that “the Chopunish Tribe” was noted for its beautiful spotted horses (the Appaloosas). [Choipunish bury their dead in sepulchres . . . rolled in skins . . . sacrifice . . . horses, canoes, and every species of property to their dead], suggesting comparative Middle Eastern origins. [I conclude therefore that the Chinue (and perhaps the Chopunish also) is one of the Lenapian languages of the West, . . fragments of that vast ancient nation that has spread from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean in 200 Nations and tribes.] . . . Compare, for instance, a ground-plan of one of the Chopunish houses among the Nechecolees with that of an Iroquois house and with a New Mexican pueblo, and one is struck with the resemblance. All these houses seem obviously adapted to a communal life, and traces of this practice, varying in different places, come constantly before us. The Pueblo Indians, like other tribes, hold their lands in common. The traveller Stephens saw near the ruins of Uxmal the food of a hundred laboring-men prepared at one hut, and each family sending for its own portion-- "a procession of women and children, each carrying a smoking bowl of hot broth, all coming down the same path; and dispersing among the huts." But this description might easily be paralleled among northern tribes. . . . we find their arrangement to be essentially the same. Each is on a promontory protected by the bend of a stream; each is surrounded by an embankment which was once, in all probability, surmounted by a palisade. . . . It is clear that the Mound-builders had much in common with those well-known tribes of Indians the Mandans and Onondagas, in their way of placing and protecting their houses; and another comparison has been made which links their works on the other side with the New Mexican pueblos. . . . a key to the whole aboriginal American society is given in the pueblos of New Mexico, representing the communal household . . . seen at its lowest point in the lodges of the roving Indians of the North, and it produced, when carried to its highest point, all the art and architecture of Uxmal . . . mounds of the Ohio Valley . . . give to their builders the advantages possessed . . . by those who dwelt upon the high table-lands of New Mexico. The great ruined edifices in the valley of the Chacos are the same in kind with the ruined "palaces" of Yucatan. All these--lodges, palaces, and pueblos alike--are but the communal dwellings of one great aboriginal race . . . varying greatly in grade of development, but one in institutions, in society, and in blood.
http://linguistics.berkeley.edu/~survey/documents/survey-reports/survey-report-15.07-meroz.pdf
http://cola.calpoly.edu/~tljones/Arch%20Magazine.pdf
http://content-calpoly-edu.s3.amazonaws.com/socsci/1/documents/faculty/jones-terry/2015.04-soc-sci-terry-jones-archaeology-mag.pdf
https://rtfitchauthor.com/2016/02/20/
https://books.google.com/books?id=y7QBAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA531&lpg=PA531&dq=Chopunish+Tribe&source=bl&ots=CSIItlyVn-&sig=h5vA1Xi7dxWkw692OMJ_eZmDRr4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjZ352qs_3TAhUG-mMKHUp0CTYQ6AEIKjAB#v=onepage&q=Chopunish%20Tribe&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=MEZCAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA397&lpg=PA397&dq=Chopunish+Tribe&source=bl&ots=k9_h1I1BlF&sig=Db99xVUoRjAr2Xdwug6x_F1Lpjc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjZ352qs_3TAhUG-mMKHUp0CTYQ6AEILjAD#v=onepage&q=Chopunish%20Tribe&f=false
https://books.google.com/books?id=6ewbAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA11&lpg=PA11&dq=Chopunish+Tribe&source=bl&ots=AZvY1hChA2&sig=3SZFUqfpYZeSfhD0sqsMc2vEHqY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjZ352qs_3TAhUG-mMKHUp0CTYQ6AEIMTAE#v=onepage&q=Chopunish%20Tribe&f=false

Post has attachment
Alphabetic History of Civilization: Ancient and Modern Genealogies
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm

Question: Why was Eve, the Mother of All Living, first to be tempted in the Garden of Eden? Answer: Posterity habits indicate she was tending the garden, cultivating agricultural resources. Adam was involved in herding grazing animals, as well as in writing records on earth, as he was and still is the priesthood patriarch of all mankind; providing documentation concerning his own personal ministry; information that was also recorded and preserved, or sealed in the heavens, by the power of God, through His Son Jesus Christ.
http://www.jonesoil.ie/blog/women-in-agriculture/
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Record_Keeping

Human-type people on the earth long before Adam and Eve, who were not capable (advanced?) of becoming God/like enough to endure His presence, contradicts the fact that central to God’s plan for His spirit children is His own declaration, that: “This is my work and my glory—to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man” (Moses 1:39). The Lord God said to Moses: “And worlds without number have I created; and I also created them for mine own purpose; and by the Son I created them, which is mine Only Begotten” (Moses 1:33). Therefore, there is no logic, there is no need, in the sight of God, who has the master plan and the priesthood, (the power by which the heavens and earth were and are created), to form sub-human creatures. This is a philosophy of men. Every mother who loves her newborn child, by natural instinct, inspects the child's body for the slightest defect in her infant creation, and is only satisfied when she finds perfection from the hair on the top of the head to the little toes. (Genesis 5:3) says Seth was in the likeness and image of his father, who was born when Adam was 130 years old, and Doctrine and Covenants (D&C 107:43) adds that [Because he (Seth) was a perfect man, and his likeness was the express likeness of his father, insomuch that he seemed to be like unto his father in all things, and could be distinguished from him only by his age.] [The prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. when visiting his sister Catherine, said of his brother Alvin, “He was a very handsome man, surpassed by none but Adam and Seth” (History of the Church, 5:247).] Genetic purity was the norm in the early ages of this earth, at the beginning of its temporal existence, and this genetic purity appears to have been particularly carried down to the present time, within the Joseph Smith, Sr. family organization. And Adam knew his wife, and she bare unto him sons and daughters, and they began to multiply and to replenish the earth. And from that time forth, the sons and daughters of Adam began to divide two and two in the land, and to till the land, and to tend flocks, and they also begat sons and daughters. It would have been impossible, in the realm of marriage relationships, for brothers to marry sisters, as is disclosed in Moses 5:3, unless there was extreme genetic purity, as noted by image likeness between Seth and Adam, etc. Thus, “If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are” (1 Cor. 3:16–17). The Lord carried this out by the Flood during Noah's time, future predicted burning of much of the earth that will occur, prior to the coming of Jesus Christ, and destruction on the American Continents when Christ appeared, after His resurrection, as well as scripture notations of similar smaller regional actions. It is a further theological contradiction to assert that Adam and Eve, “they would have had no children; wherefore they would have remained in a state of innocence, having no joy, for they knew no misery; doing no good, for they knew no sin” (2 Ne. 2:23); yet, at the same time, and before, human-type people on the earth long before Adam and Eve, had the power of procreation and were thus in this power, a godly power, far superior to Adam and Eve, our First Parents. Totally illogical, as physical birth would have occurred, with no sin attached, as well as no mental capacity to recognize and become godly. Such creatures would have been placed outside the redemptive powers of Christ. It is like saying little infants, or children before age eight, need baptism, or that developmentally disabled children are forever kept without of the kingdom of God. Christ is put to an open shame, the plan of salvation destroyed, and blasphemy exalted. From an LDS standpoint, suggesting the Celestial Garden of Eden was an invention or an extension of progressive lower intelligence, is as much as to say, that the Telestial Kingdom spawns, or has power to platform into the Terrestrial Kingdom, which then morphs into the eternal Celestial Kingdom, with all of its attendant glories; whereas, actual control is applied exactly opposite. “Our Father who dwells in yonder heavens, and his Son Jesus Christ, inhabit the highest degree of glory in eternity. They are possessed of all the fulness of glory. They have a fulness of happiness, a fulness of power, a fulness of intelligence, light and truth, and they bear rule over all other kingdoms of inferior glory, of inferior happiness, and of inferior power. … The gospel is intended to exalt the children of men to that same degree of glory, where our Father and where his Son resides” (Deseret News, Nov. 10, 1880, 642). General Authorities Bruce R. McConkie (in Seven Deadly Heresies), Spencer W. Kimball (in Miracle of Forgiveness), and Joseph Fielding Smith (in Doctrines of Salvation) have stated that once someone is within a kingdom of glory, that person remains within that kingdom for all eternity; no one can advance out of a kingdom. Thus, [And again, we saw the glory of the telestial, which glory is that of the lesser, even as the glory of the stars differs from that of the glory of the moon in the firmament. . . . These are they who receive not of his fulness in the eternal world, but of the Holy Spirit through the ministration of the terrestrial; And the terrestrial through the ministration of the celestial.]
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/topic/celestial-kingdom

"Without the knowledge of all things God would not be able to save any portion of his creatures." Latter-day Saints who refuse to believe the earth was created over millions of years and insist on the young earth philosophy, do so, because there is NO prima facie case sufficiently established by the peer reviewed communities, the "scientific" evidence, to justify a favorable verdict; i.e., [non rebuttable presumptive evidence of humans dating back tens of thousands of years.] It is all derived from secular, non-Biblical, non-Mormon, atheistic centered opinion, a telestial mentality, if you will, of competing, independent, star power bright light "scholars", whose origins and dating estimates are constantly contested, within their own disciplines under consideration, and have changed with clock-like regularity, over the multitude of years I have reviewed it, in the public domain. These attempts of hindsight, not immediate time connected presumptions, are disproved or rebutted in: Translating Time: The Nature and Function of Joseph Smith's Narrative Cannon*, by Kathleen Flake, of Vanderbilt University; etc. She states, among other things, that: " Scholars themselves are famous, however, for thriving on what bores others". As a professional genealogist, I have been required, by extensive training, education and experience, to look at all sides of any issue concerning the history of mankind, from Adam and Eve, as well as all and every one of the possible processes of creation. I am especially aware of Section 138 of the Doctrine and Covenants, in which, President Joseph F. Smith, noted: "I sat in my room pondering over the scriptures; . . . While I was thus engaged, my mind reverted to the writings of . . . I opened the Bible and read the third and fourth chapters of the first epistle of Peter, and as I read I was greatly impressed, more than I had ever been before, with the following passages: . . . As I pondered over these things which are written, the eyes of my understanding were opened, and the Spirit of the Lord rested upon me, and I saw the hosts of the dead, both small and great. . . ." This relates to [Contemporaneous sources indicate that Smith made his more extensive changes to KJV Genesis by employing the same methods as when working from records purportedly written in ancient languages. Smith is quoted as saying: “After I got through translating the Book of Mormon, I took up the Bible to read with the Urim and Thummim. I read the first chapter of Genesis, and I saw the things as they were done, I turned over the next and the next, and the whole passed before me like a grand panorama; and so on chapter after chapter until I read the whole of it. I saw it all!” A more authoritative account is provided by Smith himself in February 1832. “Upon my return from Amherst [Massachusetts] conference, I resumed the translation of the Scriptures.. . . While translating St. John’s Gospel, myself and Elder Rigdon saw the following vision” {two witnesses} of the resurrection of the dead. Finally, in an 1843 funeral sermon, probably alluding to the account in Matt. 27:52 of graves opening at the death of Jesus, Smith spoke of “the visions that roll like an overflowing surge, before my mind.” More specifically, he said, “I saw the graves open & the saints as they arose took each other by the hand . . . while setting up.” Thus, although many emendations are editorial, the more radical of Smith’s changes to the Bible were understood by him as a function of what he saw when reading it.] Thus, in TRANSLATING TIME, (and for all of our LDS Church prophets), [Joseph Smith’s work clearly illustrates . . . the extent to which he claims to translate from documentary sources, and his followers rely on these claims for their sense of the historicity of his work. . . . the JST is an unabashed “recitation of events purporting to be actual historical occurrences. The obvious impression . . . is that the reader is being treated to a record of historic events lost from all other versions of the Bible."] As a genealogical research specialist, I treat all scriptures as primary source documentation, as all prophets of God have revealed the immediate time connected presumptions. Example given: [JST Mark’s version of the institution narrative is typical. Additions to the KJV are indicated here in italics ( ): “This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many. (And as oft as ye do this ordinance, ye will remember me in this hour that I was with you and drank with you of this cup, even the last time in my ministry.) Verily I say unto you, (Of this ye shall bear record;) for I will no more drink of the fruit of the vine (with you), until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God. (And now they were grieved and wept over him.)] Biblical verification is time dated specific.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Lectures_on_Faith
https://my.vanderbilt.edu/kathleenflake/files/2012/01/JR-flake_translating_time.pdf

I am Book of Mormon simple, as it relates to science, and Book of Mormon archaeology in particular. I test all theory and assumptions of fact upon the basis of the light of Christ within me. I don't need a college degree or even a high school education to comprehend any revelation from God. It is intrinsic within my physical body, as well as in all of the physical bodies of all mankind, male and female, who wish to listen; so we are all on the same level playing ground, LDS members or non members, and as brothers and sisters, we are all the children of God. When the Holy Ghost speaks through any authorized representative, I am listening to formal counsel, originating from an immortal Being, who speaks to my physical body within me, without any consideration of my temporal, physical body, or its dissolution. Enoch had the power of the language which God had given him, by which he spake the word of the Lord, and the earth trembled (listened, or was receptive to godly powerful commands in an instant of specific dated time), and the mountains fled, even according to his command; and the rivers of water were turned out of their course; and there went forth a curse upon all people that fought against God, because the spirit of the Lord withdrew from them, and their physical bodies actually changed. This is not evolution. This is devolution, meaning descent or degeneration to a lower or worse state, and this was before the flood of Noah. Natural selection is defined as the "differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype. It is a key mechanism of evolution, the change in heritable traits of a population over time." These differences in phenotype have come from the differences caused in the physical bodies of mankind, through their own free agency, in their selectivity of choices, in keeping the commandments of God, the Eternal Father, or Ahman. This is not a series of random mutations arising in the genomes of individual organisms, and their offspring inheriting such mutations. It it the result of overt rebellion of the children of God, in ages past, and their offspring inheriting such mutations, and their moldering bodies and living biological discharges, defiling the whole earth itself, and all living creatures or organisms, over time, above, upon, and residing within the earth itself. [Enoch looked upon the earth; and he heard a voice from the bowels thereof, saying: Wo, wo is me, the mother of men; I am pained, I am weary, because of the wickedness of my children. When shall I rest, and be cleansed from the filthiness which is gone forth out of me? When will my Creator sanctify me, that I may rest, and righteousness for a season abide upon my face?] By the commands of my fathers, as in Enoch, mountains fled, even according to his command; and the rivers of water were turned out of their course; as in also Book of Mormon prophets; as well as in the power exercised by the very Melchizedek, King of Righteousness; [For God having sworn unto Enoch and unto his seed with an oath by himself; that every one being ordained after this order and calling should have power, by faith, to break mountains, to divide the seas, to dry up waters, to turn them out of their course; To put at defiance the armies of nations, to divide the earth, to break every band, to stand in the presence of God; to do all things according to his will, according to his command, subdue principalities and powers; and this by the will of the Son of God which was from before the foundation of the world.] So, the word was given, and the facts are declared, for BYU and others, who wish to listen to the still small voice, that there is NO man upon the face of this earth, in THIS day and age, that can declare, in truth, without insulting himself or herself before the very Throne of God in the heavens, that they would know that from all present evidence, material evidence, physical evidence, archaeological evidence, that the elements upon the earth can reveal the history of the world to millions of years, in the past. This can and will only be possible when each and every former priesthood dispensation is revealed, containing the WRITTEN ACTS of said priesthoods, in changing the physical, surface configurations upon the earth; which has been written by Ahman, and preserved, through the power of Jesus Christ, within the celestial Urim and Thummim archives of heaven. All else is foolishness, or exceedingly presumptive earthly pride, an unholy concoction of coordinated arrogance by the earthly learned, who do not know God, nor of His Christ.

Gomorrah, of Sodom and Gomorrah fame. As in: ga-mōr´a, in suggestions for pronouncing Book of Mormon names and terms. [According to the Torah, the kingdoms of Sodom and Gomorrah were allied with the cities of Admah, Zeboim and Bela; with KJV Go-morrah being interrelated to Book of Mormon Cu-morah / Ca-morah / Co-morah; similar to the real Akkadian words or names, Aha, or Ahah; noted in Nephite and Jaredite Book of Mormon military history and genealogical records.] Of great interest to genealogical and family history research, is the fact that Lot made an exceedingly critical comparison to the area, saying, as in the KJV "And Lot lifted up his eyes and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered everywhere (before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah), even as the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt as thou comest unto Zoar." So, if we believe in the words of Joseph Smith, Jr., [even as the garden of the Lord], would have been a reference to the very Garden of Eden, which was known by our father Abraham, to have been established within the regions of Adam-ondi-Ahman, upon the now North American Continent, being the area of Missouri, in the United States of America. Joseph Smith, Jr. makes an additional comment, Genesis, 13:14, that: [And the Lord said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, (time specific) Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art, northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward; [and remember the covenant which I make with thee; for it shall be an everlasting covenant; and thou shalt remember the days of Enoch thy father;] So here we have the very fact of our father Abraham, being taught by the Lord, two connective insights; that the land is his to possess, as well as the command jointly given, to remember the days of Enoch "thy father"; meaning, his ancestor, from whose seed he did come. In other words, speaking from examples given in our day and age, Abraham had his patriarchal blessing lineage declared, unto Enoch, by the word of the Lord. Ahah! Then, we should begin to appreciate, as collectively being Adamic related words, Sodom and Gomorrah, as well as [with the cities of Admah (red earth), Zeboim and Bela] {So-dom and Go-mor-rah, and Ad-mah and Ze-bo-im and Be-la <Zoara / Zoar>; with Segor as Septuagint form of Zoar}. Now, Zoara means insignificance or small; yet, the Ancient World’s Largest Cemetery has been Identified at Biblical Zoar (Ancient Zoora), as noted by the Biblical Archaeology Society Staff, in an article dated 02/28/2012. The new Lot’s cave museum, located at the lowest elevation on earth southeast of the Dead Sea, is filled with well-lit gallery spaces that showcase the many finds made by Dr. Konstantinos Politis and others in Biblical Zoar (Zoora). Continuing, Admah (red earth), "a description which would hardly apply to the ground near the Dead Sea", according to Dictionary.com, does indeed tie into Book of Mormon archaeology, if one has faith in the words of Joseph Smith, Jr., as: Ultisols, commonly known as red clay soils, are one of twelve soil orders in the United States Department of Agriculture soil taxonomy. Lo and Behold, on the Map showing distribution and types of ultisols throughout the United States; the dominant suborders includes Udults, as included in the Missouri area, United States of America! President Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, and George Q. Cannon declared that Jackson County was the site of the biblical Garden of Eden. Evaluating Map showing "Percent of Land Area in Ultisols, within the United States", points to red earth, or red clay soils, as located just south of the biblical Garden of Eden. Since "there is no ultisol on the Ohio River flood plains, as the river has historically deposited other soil types there during its regular natural flooding"; this suggests, along with the fact that "Ultisols occur in humid temperate or tropical regions"; also, "overlays with the Piedmont Plateau, which runs as a diagonal line through the South from southeast (in Alabama) to northwest (up through Virginia, and even into parts of Maryland)"; and therefore, "the mountains of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and on the plains of Olaha Shinehah, or the land where Adam dwelt," were lowered, and the Piedmont Plateau was elevated, in the last few thousand years. Previous to that time, the Ohio River flood plains would have been one of the four river source systems, from the Garden of Eden, going in an opposite direction than the direction observed in modern times, with the southern section of the Mississippi River being a second river going south into the united, multi-continental global land unit. Valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, reconstructed with connections to present day gold mining and Pangaea, shows a pattern of finds from the United States, flowing down through Middle and Central America, parallel South American and African continental connections, to deposits within southern South Africa; to India, Indonesia  and Australia; also, tributary connection into northwest United States, Canada, Alaska, to Russian Siberia and Middle East regions. Biblical and other texts, suggest that the identification of regions by large river systems, indicates ancient use of these waterways for transport and travel (D&C 61). The mention of gold and other precious metals gave sign posts to the posterity of Adam, for determination of location in relation to various family migrations, from the region of the first human homestead, situated near the garden of Eden. Zeboim are Gazelles or roes; "Deer (plural); goats; gazelles; roes". Goats are mentioned among the animals once had by the Jaredites (Ether 9:18). Later, after their arrival in the land of promise Lehi’s family encountered “the goat and the wild goat” as they traveled in the wilderness in the land southward (1 Nephi 18:25). [even as the garden of the Lord] suggests more ancient connectivity, as to animals similar to the American Continent, back to Adam our Father, and our Mother Eve.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155553247331424&id=261975771423 (updating)
http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/biblical-archaeology-sites/ancient-world%E2%80%99s-largest-cemetery-identified-at-biblical-zoar-ancient-zoora/
http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/biblical-archaeology-sites/new-lot%E2%80%99s-cave-museum-set-to-open-at-ancient-zoar-zoora/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultisol
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultisol#/media/File:Ultisol-map-1.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultisol#/media/File:Ultisol-map-2.gif
https://www4.uwsp.edu/geo/faculty/lemke/geog101/lectures/13_global_soil_patterns.html
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/53/Simplified_world_mining_map_2.png
http://www.minelinks.com/alluvial/gold_map_5.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pangaea#/media/File:Pangaea_continents.svg
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/61?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1994/01/i-have-a-question?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/history-photos/photo-10?lang=eng

I use simple, basic equations. One is the light of Christ; it is defined as "the divine energy, power, or influence that proceeds from God through Christ and gives life and light to all things." The light of Christ is "the law by which all things are governed in heaven and on earth", as well as conscience capacity, which is given to every person. Of particular interest, to the discussion at hand, and this is "personal", insomuch as I receive it to be the truth, "Which truth shineth. This is the light of Christ. As also he is in the sun, and the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made." So, my "personal" opinion is the word of Jesus Christ, as he has declared it unto the Church through scriptures. From the archives of Scientific American, there is the title, “Stumbling Toward an Understanding of Geologic Timescales", in which mention is made that for Harlow Shapley, in 1919, the radiometric timescale was fully established, even though he acknowledged that there was as yet no explanation for the sun’s energy. Then, in 1920, Sir Arthur Eddington came up with the answer: the fusion of hydrogen into helium. Here then is the use of a simple, basic, mathematical equation, that: The Light of Christ = the fusion of hydrogen into helium, as pertaining to the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made. Then, I return to the 1660s, when [Nicolas Steno formulated our modern concepts of deposition of horizontal strata. He inferred that where the layers are not horizontal, they must have been tilted since their deposition and noted that different strata contain different kinds of fossil.] It is at this point that my "personal" belief is connected to the Temple Endowment and the powers of the Melchizedek Priesthood; it is mentioned in detail, heretofore on this list, because, the whole case of the scriptures, is that ancient and modern prophets, as well as Jehovah, did have, and still do have, in the most elementary terms, the ability to mix up the layers of the earth, to change the "tilting" of the pre-created and set foundations of the earth itself, exercising the keys of the Universe. Thus, James Hutton, and his [recognition that unconformities between successive layers implied that deposition had been interrupted by enormously long periods of tilt and erosion] is therefore not true, since this implies no ongoing oversight, by Jehovah. Continuing, the Lord Jesus Christ says, and I make it "personal", in that I receive it into by soul with full purpose of heart and mind and being, that: [he is in the moon, and is the light of the moon, and the power thereof by which it was made.] I note then, that [The abundance of helium-3 is thought to be greater on the Moon than on Earth, having been embedded in the upper layer of regolith by the solar wind], and helium-3 is also present on earth and other terrestrial planets and their "moons". [The unique atomic structure of helium-3 promised to make it possible to use it as fuel for nuclear fusion, the process that powers the sun, to generate vast amounts of electrical power without creating the troublesome radioactive byproducts produced in conventional nuclear reactors. Extracting helium-3 from the moon and returning it to Earth would, of course, be difficult, but the potential rewards would be staggering for those who embarked upon this venture. . . .

All this is part of [The light which is in all things, which giveth life to all things, which is the law by which all things are governed, even the power of God who sitteth upon his throne, who is in the bosom of eternity, who is in the midst of all things.] Science is a function of reproducible experiments and observations, with “nature”, as Robert Boyle emphasized, being “the normal course of events”; and, a literal resurrection contradicts the known laws of nature, as they are subject to death and degeneration, by the acts of Adam and Eve. This then is the grand Priesthood Key, [which giveth you light, is through him who enlighteneth your eyes, which is the same light that quickeneth your understandings]; because, the temporal earth, or nature, is seen through natural observation, whereas all spiritual laws are centered in quickened resurrection. And so, [resurrection from the dead is the redemption of the soul. And the redemption of the soul is through him that quickeneth all things, in whose bosom it is decreed that the poor and the meek of the earth shall inherit it.] So it all boils down to this, that Jesus Christ has the "quickening" power, which comes from a higher order of intelligence; One who is of the order of the fusion of hydrogen into helium, as pertaining to the light of the sun, and the power thereof by which it was made. The spirit and the body are the soul of man, and it is therefore self evident, since the spirit of man does continue after death, that it was created immortal, by eternal heavenly beings, and that everyone within themselves has a portion of this eternal quickening "id". The personality of the newborn child is virtuous at birth and in a state of complete innocence, having lost a knowledge of all past and present existence, and is all id, and only later does it develop an ego and super-ego. The "id" concept or idea that every wishful impulse should be satisfied immediately, is actually a positive attribute to be found during the Millennium, when Satan is bound, (as in childhood), [And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear.] (Isaiah 65:24). And of course, this is why all children on earth, under the age of eight need no baptism, and why infant baptism is declared to be such an abomination in the Book of Mormon.
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-science-figured-out-the-age-of-the-earth/
http://www.popularmechanics.com/space/moon-mars/a235/1283056/
https://askabiologist.asu.edu/content/atoms-life

This book evaluates historical knowledge as it relates to ancient and modern genealogies. Information gleaned from social contexts, both secular and religious, are reviewed, using modern genealogical research specialist standards: to properly reconstruct and correctly portray real historical lives and family pedigrees. Cultural, religious and family tradition, (their stated facts and viewpoints), are surveyed within given ancient contexts of primary and secondary record sources, as handed down for the benefit of our modern generation. Modern claims of genealogical attachment to biblical records are noted, with remarks.
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Books: The [Stick] of Judah - Levi - Nathan
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm

http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogylevi.htm

http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogynathan.htm
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Fragmented Pedigrees of the Tribe of Ephraim
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#D.__FRAGMENTED_PEDIGREES_OF_THE_TRIBE_OF_EPHRAIM

Thomas Milton Tinney, Sr
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm#152

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DNA Studies Are Forever Altered By Priesthood Authority
Over Generations Of Time, From Adam and Eve Until Now

How can anyone intelligently believe in Joseph Smith, Jr., as a prophet of God, and then consider DNA Studies as a viable test for anyone's ancestry? [The Lord had his eyes upon him, and upon his father, and upon his father's father, and upon their progenitors clear back to Abraham, and from Abraham to the flood, and from the flood to Enoch, and from Enoch to Adam.] Ronald Dean Anderson has noted that Joseph Smith, Jr. stated: [The Holy Ghost has no other effect than pure intelligence. It is more powerful in expanding the mind, enlightening the understanding, and storing the intellect with present knowledge, of a man who is of the literal seed of Abraham, than one that is a Gentile, though it may not have half as much visible effect upon the body; for as the Holy Ghost falls upon one of the literal seed of Abraham, it is calm and serene; and his whole soul and body are only exercised by the pure spirit of intelligence; while the effect of the Holy Ghost upon a Gentile, is to purge out the old blood, and make him actually of the seed of Abraham. That man that has none of the blood of Abraham (naturally) must have a new creation by the Holy Ghost. In such a case, there may be more of a powerful effect upon the body, and visible to the eye, than upon an Israelite, while the Israelite at first might be far before the Gentile in pure intelligence.] This was added upon by Brigham Young, the name after which BYU was called, who stated: [If a pure Gentile firmly believes the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and yields obedience to it, in such a case I will give you the words of the Prophet Joseph, "When the Lord pours out the Holy Ghost upon that individual he will have spasms, and you would think that he was going into fits." Joseph said that the Gentile blood was actually cleansed out of their veins, and the blood of Jacob made to circulate in them; and the revolution and change in the system were so great that it caused the beholder to think they were going into fits.] This completely wipes out the possibility of evolution, as these statements verify that mankind can receive an increase of intelligence through administration in the power of the Holy Ghost, by the baptism of "fire", or, cleansing. [When those not of Israel join the Church, they are numbered with the house of Israel.] However, they do not become of the house of Israel unless they are baptized with fire and the Holy Ghost. [Through the scattering of Israel among all nations, by which the blood of Israel was sprinkled among the nations,] DNA Studies have been and are now being, forever altered by priesthood authority, in preaching the gospel throughout the earth, over generations of time, from the days of Adam and Eve, after they were cast out of the Garden of Eden, until now.
https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrines-of-the-gospel-student-manual/chapter-21-the-foreordination-of-covenant-israel-and-their-responsibilities?lang=eng
http://emp.byui.edu/ANDERSONR/itc/Book%20_of_Mormon/03_2nephi/2nephi03/2nephi03_03changeblood_js.htm
http://emp.byui.edu/ANDERSONR/itc/Book%20_of_Mormon/03_2nephi/2nephi03/2nephi03_03abloodcleansed_by.htm

Post has attachment
Book of Mormon Archaeology Inquiry
As a point of inquiry, I have noticed no mention of the following interesting article, to me; namely: [Using hyperspectral imaging to reveal a hidden precolonial Mesoamerican codex]. Abstract notes:
[The results thus far indicate that the covered text contains unique genealogic information which may prove invaluable for the interpretation of archaeological remains from southern Mexico.]
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352409X16304084

This item dates from before the colonization of America.
https://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/news/2016/08/high-tech-imaging-reveals-rare-precolonial-mexican-manuscript-hidden-from-view-for-500-years

The existence of "a complex system of pictures, symbols and bright colours to narrate centuries of conquering dynasties and genealogies as well as wars and the history of ancient cities"; it validates, in my mind, from a genealogical research standpoint, the solid veracity of the Book of Mormon narrative; in this aspect: of a descending civilization being knowledgeable and capable of the necessary arts of reading, writing, and historical data record keeping, a priori first premises being: Book of Mormon compilers.

It has to be a given that both Jesus Christ and God, His Father, know how to speak American English, as well as Moroni, who spoke American English a multitude of times when conversing with the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. Now the question is: "When and how did Moroni learn to speak and comprehend correctly American English?" I think it comes in as part of the model of the translation process; being a two way street, between the living and heavenly beings and their temporal works, left behind for others to correctly translate from older ancient languages to our modern age language forms.

Then cometh the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost; and then can ye speak with the tongue of angels:
. . .
And it came to pass that I began to be old; and, having no seed, and knowing king Benjamin to be a just man before the Lord, wherefore, I shall deliver up these plates unto him, exhorting all men to come unto God, the Holy One of Israel, and believe in prophesying, and in revelations, and in the ministering of angels, and in the gift of speaking with tongues, and in the gift of interpreting languages, and in all things which are good; for there is nothing which is good save it comes from the Lord: and that which is evil cometh from the devil.
. . .
And again, I exhort you, my brethren, that ye deny not the gifts of God, for they are many; and they come from the same God. And there are different ways that these gifts are administered; but it is the same God who worketh all in all; and they are given by the manifestations of the Spirit of God unto men, to profit them.

And again, to another, all kinds of tongues; And again, to another, the interpretation of languages and of divers kinds of tongues.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/tongues-gift-of?lang=eng

Now Moroni had a knowledge of and spoke of the gift of tongues. So it was easy for him, and any servant, who has had " the baptism of fire and of the Holy Ghost; and then can ye speak with the tongue of angels:" Moroni could have dictated the whole Book of Mormon, "lock, stock, and barrel", by himself, to Joseph Smith, Jr., as he had perfect knowledge of its contents, and was a resurrected being; and, even though he had final authority over the records and U & T, etc.; he allowed Joseph Smith, Jr., to become educated, self-taught, by the power of the Holy Ghost, so that he, Joseph Smith, Jr., could have his own growth experience, himself. No team effort by a concourse of angels was necessary, or expedient. It would have been impossible for The Times of the Gentiles to come in, if the ancient prophets had taken over the task of writing the Book of Mormon in the American English language, which translation they certainly could have done by themselves.
https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrine-and-covenants-and-church-history-seminary-teacher-resource-manual/appendix/the-times-of-the-gentiles?lang=eng

[Joseph Smith’s mother also wrote: “During our evening conversations, Joseph would occasionally give us some of the most amusing recitals that could be imagined. He would describe the ancient inhabitants of this continent, their dress, mode of traveling, and the animals upon which they rode; their cities, their buildings, with every particular; their mode of warfare; and also their religious worship. This he would do with as much ease, seemingly, as if he had spent his whole life among them” (History of Joseph Smith, 83).]

Therefore, it is self evident, that in the process of said word translations, Joseph Smith, Jr. received additional visions of "the ancient inhabitants of this continent, their dress, mode of traveling, and the animals upon which they rode; their cities, their buildings, with every particular; their mode of warfare; and also their religious worship." Additionally, [President John Taylor said: “When Joseph Smith was raised up as a Prophet of God, Mormon, Moroni, Nephi and others of the ancient Prophets who formerly lived on this Continent, . . . came to him and communicated to him certain principles pertaining to the Gospel of the Son of God” (in Journal of Discourses, 17:374).]
https://www.lds.org/manual/the-pearl-of-great-price-student-manual/joseph-smith-history?lang=eng

By "1844 Nauvoo's population had swollen to 12,000, rivaling the size of Chicago”; and It is my opinion, that when Joseph Smith, Jr. was jailed in Carthage, Illinois, every faithful man, woman and child who could go, should have left Nauvoo, Illinois, and surrounding areas, and gone to Carthage, and offered their lives in his behalf, outside the jail, until he was released. from prison. Then we would have received this information, in full, and would now know in fact, without guessing or postulating, every wonderful detail about the Americas, from the cold Arctic to Antarctica.

MUSINGS ON BOOK OF MORMON ARCHAEOLOGY, GEOGRAPHICAL CONTENT, AND PATRIARCHAL PRIESTHOOD

Comments: [Lehi takes his family into the wilderness by the Red Sea—They leave their property] Zoram the servant is not noted for having taken any property. [Ishmael, and also his household, insomuch that they took their journey with us down into the wilderness to the tent of our father.] [And it came to pass in the which rebellion, they were desirous to return unto the land of Jerusalem]; indicates the journey was hard; uncomfortable, in comparison to the living conditions at Jerusalem; little physical comforts present, during the trip. [they were exceedingly wroth, and they did bind me with cords, for they sought to take away my life, that they might leave me in the wilderness to be devoured by wild beasts.] They really planned to go back to Jerusalem, no matter what God said. The trip accommodations displeased Laman and Lemuel, and two of the daughters of Ishmael, and the two sons of Ishmael and their families, tremendously. They had meat at the tent location of Lehi, since [they did offer sacrifice and burnt offerings]. [The people arrive in the promised land. About 591–589 B.C.] They had many afflictions in the between years; hunger, thirst, and fatigue; [our women did give plenty of suck for their children, and were strong, yea, even like unto the men; and they began to bear their journeyings without murmurings.] All indications are that the family units, at the time of their arrival on the American Continent, were as "healthy as an ox", strong, hardy and hard-working, so to speak, with no apparent transmittable diseases, either from property transported from Jerusalem, or from personal physical ailments; as also, the very strong Nephi, on the ship, [Laman and Lemuel did take me and bind me with cords, and they did treat me with much harshness . . . insomuch that I could not move]. Then, About 588–559 B.C., Nephi [did journey in the wilderness for the space of many days. And after we had journeyed for the space of many days we did pitch our tents.] There are no indications of any singular or extensive trade or transportation networks or associations that were entered into, by the Nephites, when they left the Lamanites, in North West South America. The Nephites were not involved in any indigenous practices of captive taking; war making was as a process of non aggressive, self defense.

Any Native American extensive trade and transport networks would create conditions for the spread of epidemic diseases. Following therefore, the chronological sub group death rates, over time, would indicate in a real way, patterns of Native American Indian commerce, throughout North American, Central American, Mesoamerican, and South American interconnected societies. [For example, during the late 1630s, smallpox killed over half of the Wyandot (Huron), who controlled most of the early North American fur trade in what became Canada. They were reduced to fewer than 10,000 people.]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_history_of_indigenous_peoples_of_the_Americas#cite_note-13

[The timing of disease and its intersection with other forces of destruction varied from region to region within the Americas. In what became the southeastern United States, as historian Paul Kelton has shown, Ponce de León’s 1513 expedition and subsequent Spanish explorations did not introduce new diseases into the region, though disruptions from these expeditions created conditions for already existing pathogens like syphilis and yaws to spread. It was not until the late seventeenth century that the classic killer smallpox appeared. When it did its spread was closely connected to the British colonial project of exploiting existing indigenous practices of captive taking to create markets both for slaves outside Indian country and for European goods (manufacturers, alcohol, clothing) within it. The slave trade directly contributed to the depopulation of many Indian communities, but its most damaging consequence was the creation of conditions for the transmission of epidemic disease. When smallpox broke out in Virginia in 1696 it spread rapidly along networks of human contact that had been shaped by violence, deracination, and deprivation, destroying Indian communities from the Carolinas to the Gulf Coast and up the Mississippi River to Illinois. It was only now, two hundred years after the first European set foot in the Southeast, that Native populations experienced the catastrophic population declines usually associated with initial contact epidemics. As in the Caribbean, when smallpox struck, it was a consequence of European economic pursuits.]
http://americanhistory.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199329175.001.0001/acrefore-9780199329175-e-3

Health Problems, Real Time Life Spans, and Mother Earth Divided:
(1) The earth was not divided until the days of Peleg; time period: 2253 B.C. to 2014 B.C.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#017
(2) The Flood covering all the earth occurred during the days of Noah; time period: 2944 B.C. to 1994 B.C. And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth [2344 B.C.]. Archbishop James Ussher calculated the Flood date: 2349 B.C. Moses informs us that Noah lived after the flood 350 years; making him 950 years old when he died (Gen. 9:28-29). Noah was 84 years old when Enos died, 176 when Cainan died, 234 when Mahalaleel died, 366 when Jared died, 595 when Lamech died, and 600 when Methuselah died. We can see from this that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah all lived on the earth at the same time; and that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah and Lamech, were all acquainted with both Adam and Noah.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#012
(3) The Time Span between the date of Peleg's birth and the Worldwide flood is circa 2344 B.C. - 2253 B.C., or 91 years. When Jeffrey R. Holland speaks of "A Promised Land"; he noted [Holy scripture records that “after the waters had receded from off the face of this land it became a choice land above all other lands, a chosen land of the Lord; wherefore the Lord would have that all men should serve him who dwell upon the face thereof.”] . . . [To guarantee such sanctity the very surface of the earth was rent. In response to God’s decree, the great continents separated and the ocean rushed in to surround them. The promised place was set apart.] However, this did not occur, according to Lectures on Faith chronology, until 90 years or more after, the water had receded from off the face of this land, up to the time of the birth of the brother of Peleg, named Joktan, according to name meanings. Note: "In this important and interesting book [i.e., the Book of Mormon] the history of ancient America is unfolded, from its first settlement by a colony that came from the tower of Babel [Jaredites], at the confusion of languages to the beginning of the fifth century of the Christian era." Times and Seasons (March 1, 1842) III:707. Joseph Smith, Jr. does not state that there were no prior inhabitants residing there after the flood; only that of "its first settlement by a colony that came from the tower of Babel".
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1976/06/a-promised-land?lang=eng
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/church-history-1-march-1842/2
(4) For the Jaredites, the only possible remnants on the land would be those that resided there, circa 100 years or more, before the earth divided, and their life spans were not obviously as disease prone as our present generations, as shown by their longevity. By all present scriptures available, Mulekites and Lehites had no problems, because the Jaredites self-destructed as a nation, leaving only a small group of Jaredites who migrated southward, who appear to have assimilated with the more uncivilized Lamanites, as indicated by their higher population numbers, relative to the Nephites; the Lamanites then residing along the western seashore / mountain range of northwestern South America, and further south to the present nation of Chile; etc.
http://lecturesonfaith.com/

Concerning Translated Beings, the Division of the Earth, and Book of Mormon Archaeology.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/translated-beings?lang=eng

[Melchizedek was a man of faith, who wrought righteousness; and when a child he feared God, and stopped the mouths of lions, and quenched the violence of fire.] Melchizedek was born before the Flood, since of all of the host of animals taken by Noah into the Ark; they consisted of [seven of those birds and animals which were considered to be clean according to the Lord’s dietary laws of that time. He was also to take two of the animals that were classified as unclean, one male and one female.] The Time Span between the date of Peleg's birth and the Worldwide flood is circa 2344 B.C. - 2253 B.C., or 91 years, which allowed for the reproduction of the host of animals, sufficient to continue repopulation of the earth, both on the North and South American Continents, as well as animal repopulation in the areas of Africa, Asia, Europe, Etc. Significantly then, both Noah and Shem had the power, similar to Daniel the prophet, in the lion's den, [by faith, to break mountains, to divide the seas, to dry up waters, to turn them out of their course; To put at defiance the armies of nations, to divide the earth, to break every band, to stand in the presence of God; to do all things according to his will, according to his command, subdue principalities and powers; and this by the will of the Son of God which was from before the foundation of the world. . . . And his [Melchizedek's] people wrought righteousness, and obtained heaven, and sought for the city of Enoch which God had before taken, separating it from the earth, having reserved it unto the latter days, or the end of the world; And hath said, and sworn with an oath, that the heavens and the earth should come together; and the sons of God should be tried so as by fire.] So, concerning Book of Mormon Archaeology, the division of the Earth that created the Americas, was performed under the presiding Melchizedek Priesthood power of Noah, and his son Shem.
https://www.lds.org/liahona/1984/09/noah-and-the-ark?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/jst/jst-gen/14

As a genealogical research specialist, listed in Who'sWho in America, a few times, I have learned that when I have a difficult problem, unsolvable by most, I go to the use of cross comparisons; that which may not seem self evident on the surface, or at first appearances. We only have the Cumorah! statement from the Doctrine and Covenants, Section 128. verse 20. However, this associates with [the visions of the past being opened to my understanding by the Spirit of the Almighty, I discovered that the person whose skeleton was before us was a white Lamanite, a large, thick-set man, and a man of God. His name was Zelph. He was a warrior and chieftain under the great prophet Onandagus, who was known from the Hill Cumorah, or eastern sea to the Rocky mountains.]
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/128.20?lang=eng#20

I go the the Book of Mormon Onomasticon for Etymology. I note immediately the connection to the hill Cumorah and Ether's hill named Ramah, and different spellings of Cumorah. I try not to fall asleep, reading carefully through the whole article, including footnotes, as I have already immediately seen the important statement: "Of note is that both are GNs for a hill; and Cumorah's alternate name, Ramah, also means height, hill". By this I mean, I do something not mentioned in the carefully constructed Onomasticon for Etymology, and just do a simple vowel removal and compare: Cumorah is CMRH; also, Ramah is RMH. So, I find with this, that there is C-MRH and RMH. This is interesting, so I try to go back to Mormon, for any further insights: "And I, Mormon, wrote an epistle unto the king of the Lamanites, and desired of him that he would grant unto us that we might gather together our people unto the land of Cumorah, by a hill which was called Cumorah, and there we could give them battle." By my simplistic evaluation, I see TWO connective issues, namely: "unto the land of Cumorah" AND "by a hill which was called Cumorah, and there we could give them battle." In my mind, from a genealogical research standpoint, I logically conclude, that: RMH , abbreviated English translation, represents: a hill which was called Cumorah. C-MRH, abbreviated English translation, represents the larger surrounding regional area, near the hill Cumorah: "the land of Cumorah"
https://onoma.lib.byu.edu/index.php/CUMORAH
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/morm/6.6?lang=eng#5

I conclude therefore, that they are one (with two meanings) and the same place and location. Period. This is without the need for The First Presidency or The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints backing; just from simplistic genealogical research calculations. Note cross comparisons stemming from the heretofore mentioned "epistle from Joseph Smith the Prophet to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, containing further directions on baptism for the dead, dated at Nauvoo, Illinois, September 6, 1842.". In particular, the very eloquent waxing of the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., speaking as if as an angel from God: [Now, what do we hear in the gospel which we have received? A voice of gladness! A voice of mercy from heaven; and a voice of truth out of the earth; glad tidings for the dead; a voice of gladness for the living and the dead; glad tidings of great joy. . . . Glad tidings from Cumorah! Moroni, an angel from heaven, declaring the fulfilment of the prophets—the book to be revealed. . . . The voice of Michael on the banks of the Susquehanna, detecting the devil when he appeared as an angel of light! The voice of Peter, James, and John in the wilderness between Harmony, Susquehanna county, and Colesville, Broome county, on the Susquehanna river, declaring themselves as possessing the keys of the kingdom, and of the dispensation of the fulness of times! . . . And the voice of Michael, the archangel; the voice of Gabriel, and of Raphael, and of divers angels, from Michael or Adam down to the present time, all declaring their dispensation, their rights, their keys, their honors, their majesty and glory, and the power of their priesthood; . . .] The Susquehanna River is a secondary geographic location, that associatively ties Michael, or Adam, and other associates in the Priesthood, together, since, from the Susquehanna river events environs, it is about 225 miles, more or less (various watershed locations), by current road travel, to the Hill Cumorah.
http://www.dec.ny.gov/lands/48020.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_counties_in_the_Susquehanna_River_watershed

So, concerning Book of Mormon Archaeology, the division of the Earth that created the Americas, was performed under the presiding Melchizedek Priesthood power of Noah (GABRIEL), and his son Shem (MELCHIZEDEK), who did reign under his father Noah. Melchizedek, is he who did not die, (like unto Moses); but, was translated, along with the City of Salem. When Enoch was "but a lad", he was OVER the age of 65. Therefore, when Melchizedek was a child, and he feared God, and stopped the mouths of lions, and quenched the violence of fire, by comparison, he was UNDER the age of 65. Melchizedek received his priesthood through the lineage of his fathers, even till Noah, [means my priesthood came down in time from Adam to Noah, my father]; from Noah till Enoch through the lineage of their fathers [means my priesthood lineage descended from Adam via Enoch to Noah, my father, through the lineage of their fathers]; for this priesthood was received from Enoch to Abel, who received the priesthood by the hand of his father Adam. The priesthood lineage is very clearly recorded: a descending pedigree lineage, anciently from the man Adam, to Abel his son, (who was a brother of Seth, the son of Adam: the lineage ancestry of Noah). Do not interpret ancient genealogy from the mistaken standpoint of modern genealogists, who do ascending research. Until the priesthood covenants were fully broken, all genealogies were descending. Abraham clearly states he received the records from the fathers.
http://www.pseudepigrapha.com/pseudepigrapha/jasher.html#CH16
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/heb/7.1-4?lang=eng#0
http://academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#013
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/moses/6.25,31?lang=eng#24
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/gabriel?lang=eng&letter=g
https://speeches.byu.edu/talks/alan-l-wilkins_faithful-questions-seeking-found-truth/
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Enoch
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Melchizedek

Melchizedek, who as a child exercised mighty faith, received the office of the high priesthood according to the holy order of God; the Patriarchal Priesthood. Under the order of the Patriarchal Priesthood, in ancient times, after fasting, during the passing, or bringing forth of bread and wine, in remembrance of the future sacrifice of the Son of God (Jehovah, or Jesus Christ): it was the time, as in an annual LDS tithing settlement, as with the King of Salem, to bring forth offerings before the Lord; to keep the storehouse for the less fortunate, the widows, orphans, diseased, helpless, fatherless children, and all other poor outcasts, who were and are rejected, by an uncaring world.

Thus, the Official calling to LDS office of Church Patriarch, the singular representative of the Prince of Peace, the Prophet, High Priest and King, within Hyrum Smith's family lineage, who was the brother of Joseph Smith, Jr., (both martyrs who shed their own blood as true witnesses), created by revelation, was the restoration in Melchizedek priesthood authority of the legal independent final word: High Priest Patriarchal Judge. It is equivalent, in one person, in American government, to the Supreme Court of the United States of America. It judicially stands next to the LDS First Presidency, as the Supreme Court stands next to the Presidency of the United States of America. The Melchizedek priesthood Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and the First Quorum of Seventy, along with The First Presidency, when unified, preside in similar manner as the American national legislative bodies, the United States Senate and House of Representatives, when, and if historically, ever, they are united as one. Foundations of government were divinely established in the Charters of Freedom of the United States of America.

All seers are entitled by right of their calling and office, and in particular, if ever sustained directly, as such, as Translators, by the general body of the LDS Church, to have direct access to, and use of the Urim and Thummim; as well as Bishops, in their offices, local or church wide, as presiding Judges, taking care of the poor and afflicted; representative of the eldest son of the seed of Aaron; as well as, such as Shem as the eldest son of Noah, as well as, such as in Jesus Christ, as the eldest son of the Father of All, even, Ahman. In the case of former Church Patriarch Emeritus, the rightful heir of Hyrum Smith was the chosen Eldred G. Smith; a singular representative for the whole Church, as witness to the whole world, of the ancient patriarchs, from Adam (Michael) to Shem (Melchizedek), etc.

Eldred G. Smith is currently, the last remaining historical vestige of authority, like a removed appendix from the body of Christ, to validate through direct revelation, celestial (eternal family) genealogies, for the whole church; or the former genealogical departments, now family history departments, or FamilySearch, and all connective relationships, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; which is suffering gravely, because of this critical, inter-connectivity loss; now almost completely overwhelmed with DNA evolutionists, as well as at BYU, whose theories reject both Adam and Christ. All is NOT well in Zion, or Happy Valley, in my opinion. Deceased 04 Apr 2013. Concerning his office deleted; the removal of a presiding judicial officer, a special witness to the eternal nature of the family: For what doth it profit a man if a gift is bestowed upon him, and he receive not the gift? Behold, he rejoices not in that which is given unto him, neither rejoices in him who is the giver of the gift (Son Ahman).
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/gen/14.18-20?lang=eng#17
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/alma/13.17-18?lang=eng#16
http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/basic/doctrines/patriarchal_order.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eldred_G._Smith
https://www.lds.org/ensign/2013/05/elder-eldred-g-smith-dies-at-age-106?lang=eng

REFERENCES: References
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/science.htm#References

BOOK OF MORMON GENOCIDE WARS: The American Civil War and History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - An American Perspective.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155057953101424&id=261975771423

EVALUATING BOOK OF MORMON GEOGRAPHY FROM A GENEALOGICAL STANDPOINT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10201492174961218&id=261975771423

LIGHT THE WORLD WITH A HAPPY NEW YEAR GIFT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10154951916051424&id=261975771423

Speaking of DNA and the Middle East Tree of Life, Etc.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155042481646424&id=261975771423

THE BOOK OF MORMON IS A PRIMARY SOURCE DOCUMENT
Zoram, even though he had the keys of the treasury, was inspired to trust Nephi, more than the brethren, who associated with his former master Laban. His evaluation of the social male leadership during the time, as being untrustworthy, is well founded. [It was after Nebuchadnezzar had laid siege to Jerusalem that the king and citizens of Jerusalem entered into a covenant “to make a proclamation of liberty,” granting freedom to their slaves] . . . [Whatever the motive for the emancipation, one thing is painfully clear: as soon as the slave owners were given the chance, they forcibly reenslaved the freed men and women.] A Freedom That Is No Freedom:
Jeremiah 34 and the Sabbatical Principle
https://wordandworld.luthersem.edu/content/pdfs/22-4_Jeremiah/22-4_Jacobson.pdf

I think the issue at hand, if studied in depth, from an archaeological and historical standpoint, a factual standpoint, is the idea of being able to fully trust in the Lord. I say this, because Zoram was a bond-servant; his posterity would therefore be collectively looked upon as a people who descended from an ancestor, that was taken out of bondage, and given personal freedom, by the promise of Nephi, a true servant of the Lord. A Dictionary of the Book of Mormon/Zoram
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/A_Dictionary_of_the_Book_of_Mormon/Zoram

This one item alone, from a genealogical research standpoint, proves that the Book of Mormon can be trusted; can be used as a historical, primary source document. Why? Because in 2015, published in Reuters; Lifestyle | Tue Feb 3, 2015 | 5:00pm EST: Ancient tablets reveal life of Jews in Nebuchadnezzar's Babylon | Reuters [The exhibition is based on more than 100 cuneiform tablets, each no bigger than an adult's palm, that detail transactions and contracts between Judeans driven from, or convinced to move from, Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC.] . . . [Judeans traded, ran businesses and helped the administration of the kingdom. "They were free to go about their lives, they weren't slaves,"] . . . [many others stayed and built up a vibrant Jewish community that lasted two millennia.] Bottom Line: The Babylonian rulers were more to be trusted, by the captive Jews, than former leaders residing in Jerusalem; thus the faith of Zoram; remembering that: [LABAN. A rich, unscrupulous and powerful Israelite of the tribe of Joseph] was [a man lying on the ground in a drunken stupor], when found by Nephi.
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-archaeology-babylon-idUSKBN0L71EK20150203

All the records combined together, testify that the Book of Mormon record is archaeologically and historically accurate; thus, the Doctrine and Covenants further testifies generations later, that Jesus Christ can be taken at his word; all social groups can trust Him.
http://www.dictionary.com/browse/take-someone-at-his-or-her-word

The Fall of Jerusalem and The Rise of The Book of Mormon
"For me, the most important historical conclusion from the archaeological material is not new. Other scholars also pointed to the fact that after the destruction of Jerusalem there was a sharp decline in urban life, which is in contrast to the continuity of the rural settlements in the region of Benjamin and in the area between Bethlehem and Beth-Zur."
http://www.jhsonline.org/Articles/article_63.htm#_ftnref36

Page 364 . . . From Table 3. Estimate of Total Population of Judah at the End of the Iron Age and in the Persian Period, by Regional Distribution, for Benjamin, went from 28,750 at the end of the Iron Age to 12,500 in the Persian period, a difference of 16,250 people. . . . There "is no evidence of a deportation from either the region of Benjamin or the northern Judean Hills", suggesting that major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts, in this time period, for those elite groups, who were not interested in becoming second class status citizens to the new centralized leadership in the resettlement of Jerusalem.
Page 365 . . . Parallel to this, with the shift of the political and religious hub to Jerusalem, a rapid dwindling in population took place in the Benjaminite region. Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . .
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm#052

After the Babylonians had destroyed Jerusalem, they appointed Gedaliah governor in Mizpah over the remaining residents. Many returned to Mizpah from where they had fled. The prophet Jeremiah came to Mizpah from Ramah, where the Babylonians had released him. Later Ishmael, a member of the royal family, assassinated Gedaliah. Despite Jeremiah's warning that the people would be a reproach and die if they went to Egypt, they persisted in going there.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mizpah_in_Benjamin

Two Points:
(1) There were Egyptian connections from Mizpah in Benjamin, to Egypt.
(2) Mulek, son of Zedekiah, would have historically, been in hiding; is located somewhere in rural settlements in the region of Benjamin to Egypt, and elsewhere. With the destruction of urban life, at Jerusalem, "major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts" and "Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . ." "The Mulekites were elated to have access to Nephite records, since their own language and traditions had been distorted in the absence of historical documents." From a genealogical research standpoint, this lack of historical access to primary records, is consistent with a "hidden" sub population of Benjamin, heading west, not east into the Babylonian heartland and with discovery, or any act of tribal betrayal, a sudden destruction; leaving behind everything except basic survival necessities, as an elite group of traders, who would have clear knowledge of ships, boats and other methods of transportation, that would have carried them eventually across the Atlantic Ocean, to America.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Mulek
http://www.livius.org/articles/place/babylonia/

The name Ir, a descendant of Benjamin, in the Bible, appears elsewhere, such as the modern name of the ancient city of Ur; also, Jewish foreign contact [in Ireland], is found in the Hebrew word "Ir", meaning "city" [Irish Texts Society Vol. XLIV - Ir] or "town" as presented in the word structure of #428, wherein Ir s. Mil, . . . of his progeny are Fergus s. Roig with his numerous communities, and Conall Cernach with his numerous communities.] The complexity of modern Native American DNA, is thus satisfied in Pre-Columbian America, with the admixture of western European trade connections, previously centered in the Middle East regions, and in particular, from the ancient regional areas in and around Israel, Babylon, etc.
http://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Ir.html#.WHzpxFxciM8
https://books.google.com/books?id=oftMSTwQvkAC&pg=PA430&lpg=PA430&dq=%22Ir%22,+meaning+%22city%22+ireland&source=bl&ots=vdUKH0dEnm&sig=kOBiOskDqttoGcqFecNKTLnVjmQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgpJ_wgMfRAhUBViYKHTQWB7AQ6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=%22Ir%22%2C%20meaning%20%22city%22%20ireland&f=false

See the Whole Picture from the Lewis & Clark Expedition
. . . [After the Louisiana Purchase Treaty was made, Jefferson initiated an exploration of the newly purchased land and the territory beyond the "great rock mountains" in the West.] . . . [Jefferson hoped that Lewis and Clark would find a water route linking the Columbia and Missouri rivers. This water link would connect the Pacific Ocean with the Mississippi River system, thus giving the new western land access to port markets out of the Gulf of Mexico and to eastern cities along the Ohio River and its minor tributaries.] . . . [They traveled up the Missouri to present-day Three Forks, Montana, wisely choosing to follow the western-most tributary, the Jefferson River. This route delivered the explorers to the doorstep of the Shoshone Indians, who were skilled at traversing the great rock mountains with horses. Once over the Bitterroot Mountains, the Corps of Discovery shaped canoe-like vessels that transported them swiftly downriver to the mouth of the Columbia, where they wintered (1805-1806) at Fort Clatsop, on the present-day Oregon side of the river.] . . . [Along the way, they continued to trade what few goods they still had with the Indians and set up diplomatic relations with the Indians. Additionally, they recorded their contact with Indians and described (and at times drew) the shape of the landscape and the creatures of this western world, new to the white man.]
https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/lewis-clark

[The Shoshone led the expedition to his chief, who in a dramatic stroke of luck turned out to be Sacagawea’s brother. Soon the captains—with Sacagawea translating—were bargaining with the chief, Cameahwait, for horses. Without these horses, their chances of reaching the Pacific would likely have been quashed.] . . . [The captains also secured information from the Shoshone. An old man of the tribe described a trail that led across the Continental Divide. The trail was used by the Nez Perce, who lived on the far side of the Rockies. Now the expedition had a way over the mountains.] So, the Shoshone Indians, "were skilled at traversing the great rock mountains with horses", before 1805-1806. [Lewis and Clark and their expedition party, the Corps, were the first white men that the Shoshone had ever come into contact with.]
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/
http://native-american-indian-facts.com/Great-Basin-American-Indian-Facts/Shoshone-Tribe-Facts.shtml
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Shoshone-people
https://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/luso/intro.html

Furthermore, [The Corps felt comfortable leaving their horses with the Nez Perce, known for the Appaloosas they bred, while they continued westward by canoe. The Nez Perce, watching the sickness-weakened explorers try to create canoes from inadequate tools, showed them how to burn out a log to make a canoe.] Compare: [The Indians make these canoes without the use of any iron instruments, by only burning the trees at the bottom near the root, and afterwards governing the fire with such industry that nothing is burnt more than what they would have. Some of them have hatchets, made of Hint, wherewith they scrape or pare off whatsoever was burnt too far. And thus, by the sole instrument of fire, they know how to give them that shape which renders them capable of navigating threescore or fourscore leagues with ordinary security.] Thus, skills used by Indians in Hispaniola are used by Nez Perce residing in what is now [central Idaho, southeastern Washington State, and northeastern Oregon, from the western base of the Rockies to the falls of the Columbia River.]
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_013_12_17.html
http://wap.kellscraft.com/BuckaneersofAmerica/BuccaneersofAmerica06.html
http://www.nezperce.org/

Where did the horses come from, and who taught the Shoshone Indians these exceptional riding skills? [The first voyage was that of Juan José Pérez Hernández of the frigate Santiago (alias Nueva Galicia). Although intending to reach Alaska, the expedition turned back at Haida Gwaii. Pérez and his crew of 86 were the first Europeans to visit the Pacific Northwest.] The horses were there from the time of the Division of the earth; from animal re-population groups from the Ark of Noah.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_expeditions_to_the_Pacific_Northwest
http://www.evidencesofmormon.org/archaeological-and-historical-claims-and-evidences-of-the-book-of-mormon.aspx#horses

Again, as a genealogical research specialist, listed in Who'sWho in America, a few times, I have learned that when I have a difficult problem, unsolvable by most, I go to the use of cross comparisons; that which may not seem self evident on the surface, or at first appearances. We only have the Cumorah! statement from the Doctrine and Covenants, Section 128. verse 20. However, this also associates with [the visions of the past being opened to my understanding by the Spirit of the Almighty, I discovered that the person whose skeleton was before us was a white Lamanite, a large, thick-set man, and a man of God. His name was Zelph. He was a warrior and chieftain under the great prophet Onandagus, who was known from the Hill Cumorah, or eastern sea to the Rocky mountains.] Believe it or not, this does imply, from a genealogical research standpoint, that Zelph was riding, or had knowledge of horses, to be used in traversing in the Rocky Mountains.I know the Latter-day Saints have used handcarts in the past, to move goods and people from the East to the Rocky Mountains; nevertheless, it is a big stretch to think earlier Pre-Columbian Native Americans would have used just handcarts, to convey "a pile of plates as much as two feet high, and there were altogether in this room more plates than probably many wagon loads; they were piled up in the corners and along the walls." And this is Brigham Young speaking, in a general conference setting, sustained as "President Brigham Young", the then Prophet, Seer and Revelator. His words can be trusted, from a genealogical research standpoint. Period.
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/128.20?lang=eng#20
http://en.fairmormon.org/Journal_of_Discourses/19/8#38
http://www.evidencesofmormon.org/evidences/book-of-mormon-cow-and-ox.aspx
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1997/08/they-came-by-handcart?lang=eng

Cross compare with twenty-four gold plates that were a record of ancient Jaredites, discovered circa 121 B.C., by a small Nephite exploring party, (therefore, similar to the Lewis & Clark Expedition; both governmentally commissioned), and given to King Mosiah; to return and report findings by persons knowing the value of written records, per se. Note carefully: "it gave an account of the people who were destroyed, from the time that they were destroyed back to the building of the great tower, at the time the Lord confounded the language of the people and they were scattered abroad upon the face of all the earth, yea, and even from that time back until the creation of Adam." All else is science fiction philosophies of men.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/8.8-9?lang=eng#7
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/28?lang=eng

The Church model is best described in the Joseph Smith Papers, "Church History," 1 March 1842; JS, "Church History," in Times and Seasons (Nauvoo, IL.), 1 Mar. 1842, vol. 3, no. 9 (whole no. 45), pp. 706-710; edited by JS; includes typeset signature. Underlined in red, is "Through the medium of the Urim and Thummim I translated the record by the gift, and power of God." In this important and interesting book the history of ancient America is unfolded, from its first settlement by a colony that came from the tower of Babel," etc. What is not stated and could not have been stated, is that there were no former inhabitants on the American continents, prior to Book of Mormon times, because there is the earlier 1835 revelation, concerning Adam-ondi-Ahman.
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/church-history-1-march-1842/2
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/topic/adam-ondi-ahman
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/place/adam-ondi-ahman-missouri

The Time Span between the date of Peleg's birth and the Worldwide flood is circa 2344 B.C. - 2253 B.C., or 91 years. For the Jaredites, the only possible remnants on the land would be those that resided there, circa 100 years or more, before the earth divided, and after the flood of Noah. The "Bones in Yukon Cave Show Humans in North America 24,000 Years Ago, Study Says", completely invalidates, if it were even remotely true, (using any or all of the changing estimates), all of the Standard Works of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; Joseph Smith, Jr. and current priesthood ecclesiastical leadership, top to bottom. These findings suggest that a new method needs to be found by experts, to recalibrate time frames, since they are way off in accuracy, by six times; i.e., 24,000/6 = circa 4000 years, or circa 2,000 B.C. Something is wrong in the very precise and scientific calculations. Indeed, the "700,000-Year-Old Horse Found in Yukon Permafrost Yields Oldest DNA Ever Decoded", is 700,000/6,000 = 116.7 times off in accuracy; very bad, by any and all intelligent perspectives.
http://westerndigs.org/bones-in-yukon-cave-show-humans-in-north-america-24000-years-ago-study-says/
http://westerndigs.org/700000-year-old-horse-found-in-yukon-permafrost-yields-oldest-dna-ever-decoded/

These kind of silly, willy-nilly, haphazard evaluations, regretfully, make any use of DNA, to discover human ancestry, statistically impossible, and unrealistic; an economic and financial drain and waste of time for those doing family history research, or evaluating Book of Mormon archaeology. [And although the animal was dated to between 560,000 and 780,000 years old, an international team of researchers was able to use a new combination of techniques to decipher its genetic code.] In all of my 60 years of establishing credible genealogy research pedigrees, I have never seen a variance for any record source, for 780,000 - 560,000 = 220,000 years. And this takes into consideration all of the fake pedigrees I've seen on the Internet. FamilySearch databases are comparatively perfect, which they are not, when using these scientific benchmarks. Nothing in LDS Temple Ordinance Records even comes close to this type of massive, scientifically acceptable error rate; repeated over and over and over again, year in and year out, in "scientific literature". DNA mutation clock proves tough to set - Geneticists meet to work out why the rate of change in the genome is so hard to pin down. Wake Up: FamilySearch! Wake Up: Book of Mormon Believers!
http://www.nature.com/news/dna-mutation-clock-proves-tough-to-set-1.17079
https://familysearch.org/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/bmaf.org/

The Epic Poem of Gilgamesh is more rational; [a demigod of superhuman strength who built the city walls of Uruk to defend his people from external threats, and travelled to meet the sage Utnapishtim, who had survived the Great Deluge. He is usually described as two-thirds god and one third man.]. At least, candidly, The Epic Poem of Gilgamesh, can be analyzed for what it is: anti-Semitic fantasy rewriting or reconstruction, of ancient (Adamic) Septuagint texts, to counteract Israelite "chosen race" identification, superiority and heritage, by disaffected Hebrews; and by so doing, to curry favor with powerful rulers in foreign lands, to the complete detriment of "Jews", by military invasions, by different countries, whose religious beliefs centered in glorified idol worship.
https://www.ancient.eu/gilgamesh/

Book of Mormon Archaeology, Physics, and Time
Joseph Smith Jr., received a vision of God the Father and His Son, Jesus Christ, at Palmyra--Sacred Grove. I have visited this site and I observed no archaeological evidence that materially proves that this event actually occurred. I actually, as a young child, looked for evidences, both in and around the Hill Cumorah and the Sacred Grove area. I do not know of any attempt being made to check tree growth rings, that might show intense light effects occurring within rings, in the spring of 1820. [I saw a pillar of light exactly over my head, above the brightness of the sun, which descended gradually until it fell upon me.] Nevertheless, I know assuredly that it happened because of cross comparison in written records, as a genealogical research specialist. [When I came to myself again, I found myself lying on my back, looking up into heaven. When the light had departed, I had no strength; but soon recovering in some degree, I went home.] After Moroni appeared to Joseph Smith, Jr. [ I shortly after arose from my bed, and, as usual, went to the necessary labors of the day; but, in attempting to work as at other times, I found my strength so exhausted as to render me entirely unable. My father, who was laboring along with me, discovered something to be wrong with me, and told me to go home. I started with the intention of going to the house; but, in attempting to cross the fence out of the field where we were, my strength entirely failed me, and I fell helpless on the ground, and for a time was quite unconscious of anything.]
https://www.lds.org/locations/sacred-grove?lang=eng&_r=1
http://scienceviews.com/parks/sacredgrove.html
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/js-h/1?lang=eng

Genealogical Research Comparison: [When she had heard of Jesus, came in the press behind, and touched his garment. For she said, If I may touch but his clothes, I shall be whole. And straightway the fountain of her blood was dried up; and she felt in her body that she was healed of that plague. And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and said, Who touched my clothes?] The Holy Ghost (equivalent to the virtue of Jesus Christ) overshadowed Joseph Smith, Jr., both times; else, he would have been physically destroyed by immortal, celestial light sources; above the brightness of the sun. From a physics standpoint, this is an experience within the realm of the refined spirit, which cannot be detected by gross material objects. [The physics of most models of grand unification cannot be discovered directly at particle colliders because the new particles they predict have masses at the so-called GUT scale which lies few orders of magnitude below the Planck scale and thus far beyond the reach of man-made collision experiments.]
https://www.lds.org/bible-videos/videos/jesus-heals-a-woman-of-faith?lang=eng
http://thebookofbeginnings.com/sources/14/GrandUnifiedTheory-Wikipedia.pdf
https://www.facebook.com/notes/thomas-milton-tinney-sr/biblical-genealogies-god-is-all-knowing-evolution-and-big-bang-atheism/160936413942369

Jesus Christ also appeared on the American Continent. [L. Taylor Hansen, entitled “He Walked the Americas,” that cites Indian legends of the advent of the Savior in the New World by tribes from all over both North and South America, including accounts from Polynesia, Peru, Brazil, Guatemala, Mexico, Yucatan, and in the United States . . . ]
https://askgramps.org/when-did-jesus-christ-appear-to-the-nephites-on-the-american-continent/
https://www.lds.org/children/resources/topics/jesus-christ-visits?lang=eng

Prior to that time, the risen Christ appeared to Mary Magdalene, and said "Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her. Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you." Thus, within a period of no more than 24 hours, from [Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulcher] and [Then the same day at evening], with power by Jesus Christ to move through material objects, without negatively effecting their sub atomic particle positioning.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/nt/john/20?lang=eng

REMARKS: Light travels at a speed of 299,792 kilometers per second; 186,287 miles per second. It takes 499.0 seconds for light to travel from the Sun to the Earth, a distance called 1 Astronomical Unit, or 8.3 minutes. [Although the light year is a commonly used unit, astronomers prefer a different unit called the parsec (pc). A parsec, equal to 3.26 light years, is defined as the distance at which 1 Astronomical Unit subtends an angle of 1 second of arc (1/3600 of a degree) When we use the parsec for really large distances, we often put a prefix in front of it - like kiloparsecs (kpc), which are equal to 1000 parsecs - or Megaparsecs (Mpc), equal to a million parsecs. The Milky Way is about 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 km (about 100,000 light years or about 30 kpc) across. The Sun does not lie near the center of our Galaxy. It lies about 8 kpc from the center on what is known as the Sagittarius arm of the Milky Way.] Using the least possible assertion, travel to the center of the Milky Way, from the earth, by Jesus Christ, to ascend to His Father Ahman, would take 8 kpc to get there, by the speed of light, and 8 kpc to return back to the earth, to visit with His apostles. Since a parsec is equal to 3.26 light years, this would total 6.52 light years times (x) 8 (x) k = 52,160 light years. This does not compute to the less than 24 hours between visits to Mary Magdalene and the Apostles, on one day; nor, even the time frame between the witness of the Father to John the Baptist, and the later known visit to Joseph Smith, Jr., only an approximately, puny, two thousand years being the time between these visits. Materialistic physics alone, cannot account for, nor comprehend the concept of the "speed of thought". Jesus Christ instantly thought himself back to the area of Kolob. As a man thinks in his heart, so is he. Yea, I tell thee, that thou mayest know that there is none else save God that knowest thy thoughts and the intents of thy heart.
https://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/features/cosmic/milkyway_info.html
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/prov/23.7?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/thoughts.p2?lang=eng&letter=t
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/6.16?lang=eng#15

Fascinating Things Every Mormon Should Know About Kolob
[These are the governing ones; and the name of the great one is Kolob, because it is near unto me, for I am the Lord thy God: I have set this one to govern all those which belong to the same order as that upon which thou standest.”]
http://www.ldsliving.com/3-Fascinating-Things-Every-Mormon-Should-Know-About-Kolob/s/82249

7,000 years is plenty of time for the exaltation of one single earth. The United Nations projects world population to reach 10 billion in the year 2056, without any consideration for millennium conditions; when “the earth will be renewed and receive its paradisiacal glory”. There [will be no war; there will be no death as we know it. When people have lived to an old age, they will not die and be buried. Instead, they will be changed from their mortal condition to an immortal condition in “the twinkling of an eye.”.] That means the following things will be missing in a terrestrial endowed world: no hospitals as we know them, medical treatment centers and attendants, as we know them; cemeteries, tombstones, and former related activities, such as funeral homes, funerals, related sorrow, etc.; no military spending. As the death rates plummet, after the cleansing during the coming of Christ, the world's population will skyrocket exponentially, and birth rates will also increase worldwide. The Earth's natural resources will be maximized within a homogeneous landmass, fertile soils, the City of New Jerusalem, the City of Old Jerusalem, and well controlled paradisiacal living areas. Space exploration will be encouraged and spread populations into the solar system, and this earth will be prepared as an ultimate record storage system, a sea of glass and fire, to govern and reign over eternal planets of lesser glory, power and might, for the residencies of those individual human Terrestrial and Telestial beings, desiring to find there, more total freedom to independently indulge in the gift of immortality, given as a free and loving gift, by the willing sufferings and death of Jesus Christ.
http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/
https://www.lds.org/manual/gospel-principles/chapter-45-the-millennium?lang=eng
https://ourworldindata.org/military-spending/
https://www.sipri.org/databases/milex
https://www.lds.org/topics/kingdoms-of-glory?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/76
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Terrestrial_Kingdom
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Telestial_Kingdom

Post has attachment
The Fall of Jerusalem and The Rise of The Book of Mormon

"For me, the most important historical conclusion from the archaeological material is not new. Other scholars also pointed to the fact that after the destruction of Jerusalem there was a sharp decline in urban life, which is in contrast to the continuity of the rural settlements in the region of Benjamin and in the area between Bethlehem and Beth-Zur."
http://www.jhsonline.org/Articles/article_63.htm#_ftnref36

Page 364 . . . From Table 3. Estimate of Total Population of Judah at the End of the Iron Age and in the Persian Period, by Regional Distribution, for Benjamin, went from 28,750 at the end of the Iron Age to 12,500 in the Persian period, a difference of 16,250 people. . . . There "is no evidence of a deportation from either the region of Benjamin or the northern Judean Hills", suggesting that major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts, in this time period, for those elite groups, who were not interested in becoming second class status citizens to the new centralized leadership in the resettlement of Jerusalem.
Page 365 . . . Parallel to this, with the shift of the political and religious hub to Jerusalem, a rapid dwindling in population took place in the Benjaminite region. Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . .
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientgenealogyjudah.htm#052

After the Babylonians had destroyed Jerusalem, they appointed Gedaliah governor in Mizpah over the remaining residents. Many returned to Mizpah from where they had fled. The prophet Jeremiah came to Mizpah from Ramah, where the Babylonians had released him. Later Ishmael, a member of the royal family, assassinated Gedaliah. Despite Jeremiah's warning that the people would be a reproach and die if they went to Egypt, they persisted in going there.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mizpah_in_Benjamin

Two Points:
(1) There were Egyptian connections from Mizpah in Benjamin, to Egypt.
(2) Mulek, son of Zedekiah, would have historically, been in hiding; is located somewhere in rural settlements in the region of Benjamin to Egypt, and elsewhere. With the destruction of urban life, at Jerusalem, "major colonization did occur through economic trade contacts" and "Apparently, part of the region's inhabitants migrated out of the province . . ." "The Mulekites were elated to have access to Nephite records, since their own language and traditions had been distorted in the absence of historical documents." From a genealogical research standpoint, this lack of historical access to primary records, is consistent with a "hidden" sub population of Benjamin, heading west, not east into the Babylonian heartland and with discovery, or any act of tribal betrayal, a sudden destruction; leaving behind everything except basic survival necessities, as an elite group of traders, who would have clear knowledge of ships, boats and other methods of transportation, that would have carried them eventually across the Atlantic Ocean, to America.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Mulek
http://www.livius.org/articles/place/babylonia/

The name Ir, a descendant of Benjamin, in the Bible, appears elsewhere, such as the modern name of the ancient city of Ur; also, Jewish foreign contact [in Ireland], is found in the Hebrew word "Ir", meaning "city" [Irish Texts Society Vol. XLIV - Ir] or "town" as presented in the word structure of #428, wherein Ir s. Mil, . . . of his progeny are Fergus s. Roig with his numerous communities, and Conall Cernach with his numerous communities.] The complexity of modern Native American DNA, is thus satisfied in Pre-Columbian America, with the admixture of western European trade connections, previously centered in the Middle East regions, and in particular, from the ancient regional areas in and around Israel, Babylon, etc.
http://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Ir.html#.WHzpxFxciM8
https://books.google.com/books?id=oftMSTwQvkAC&pg=PA430&lpg=PA430&dq=%22Ir%22,+meaning+%22city%22+ireland&source=bl&ots=vdUKH0dEnm&sig=kOBiOskDqttoGcqFecNKTLnVjmQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgpJ_wgMfRAhUBViYKHTQWB7AQ6AEIGjAA#v=onepage&q=%22Ir%22%2C%20meaning%20%22city%22%20ireland&f=false

Post has attachment
BOOK OF MORMON GENOCIDE WARS: The American Civil War and History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; An American Perspective.

My geography comes additionally from a revelation Joseph Smith, Jr., given 25 Dec 1832, in the Doctrine and Covenants: "Verily, thus saith the Lord concerning the wars that will shortly come to pass, beginning at the rebellion of South Carolina, which will eventually terminate in the death and misery of many souls; And the time will come that war will be poured out upon all nations, beginning at this place. For behold, the Southern States shall be divided against the Northern States, and the Southern States will call on other nations, even the nation of Great Britain, as it is called, and they shall also call upon other nations, in order to defend themselves against other nations; and then war shall be poured out upon all nations." Everyone who knows American history, as well as those Saints and readers generally of the D&C, are. or were aware of the geographic dimensions for "Southern States" and "Northern States". Assuredly, in the Book of Mormon, geographic locations of North and South were known to the audiences for which they were intended at the time. With abridgement, there comes some disconnect confusion, not intrinsic to the original, whole area regional data record sets.
http://www.jefflindsay.com/LDSFAQ/FQ_prophecies.shtml#war

Using the American Civil War as a test case [Military Strategy Reconstruction Assessment], the "North" has the label of "Nephites" placed upon it. The "South" has the label of "Lamanites" placed upon it. Distinctive conclusions can be drawn as to actual Mesoamerican identity. Here we have a mapping of the Confederate Sates of America; Location of the Confederate States of America, which, for the sake of evaluation, are suggested as the region of Mesoamerican Archaeology. Metro Richmond, Virginia is Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land. At this point, some significant historical issues have to be addressed. The United States War was an internal war of regional supremacy; the Lamanite vs Nephite war was in its final stages, a genocidal war, with no quarter given. Still, we can note, with this critical difference, that [Davis and his cabinet left the city by train that night, as government officials burned documents and departing Confederate troops burned tobacco and other warehouses to deny their contents to the victors. On April 2, 1865, General Godfrey Weitzel, commander of the 25th corps of the United States Colored Troops, accepted the city's surrender from the mayor and group of leading citizens who remained. The Union troops eventually managed to stop the raging fires but about 25% of the city's buildings were destroyed.]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_States_of_America#/media/File:Confederate_States_of_America_(orthographic_projection).svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richmond,_Virginia#Civil_War

But, in this very difficult cross comparison, for genealogical research purposes only, we can come to some significant evaluations, that can then be drawn back to the times of Mormon and Moroni. I will try to list some of them in general order.
(1) The losing side in the Civil War was the South, not the North. [It cost the South nearly 500,000 men killed or wounded out of a population of 9 million (including 3 million slaves) and $5 billion in treasure.]
(2) The losing side in the Book of Mormon was the North; thus, the effects and possessions up North (Nephites) should be severely ravaged and destroyed, compared to the more secure buildings in the South (Lamanites). In this genocidal war, men, women and children, were horribly and inhumanely killed and destroyed. At the Hill Cumorah, the Nephite remnants were terrified at the size and the known judgments that they knew would soon befall them, by cannibalistic enemies.
(3) Since the Nephites were gathering unto themselves, all of their people, and whatever possessions they could carry, along with "wagonloads" of records, as they fled the unbridled wrath of the Lamanites; in the main, surviving structures would only remain in the South; i.e., [the Book of Mormon took place in one relatively small place in Mesoamerica]. But, in fact, this would actually match the heretofore [region of Mesoamerican identity. Civil War Metro Richmond, Virginia is Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land]. It cannot be identified, realistically, as the "Cradle of Civilization", for both Nephites and Lamanites, from the landing of Lehi to the division of two separate opposing social units; identified in publications by organization leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; since the reenactment of the last wars, does not allow that assessment as a logical conclusion to a raping, marauding, executing, desolating, raging uncontrolled military environment.
(4) Therefore, using the American Civil War as a Military Strategy Reconstruction Assessment, Mesoamerican is correctly defined as the Lamanite Capital Regional Metropolitan Area government, relatively unscathed, by massive final wars of genocide, between the Nephites and the Lamanites. All of both the North American and South American continents are thus: ["the Promised Land" and evidences of Book of Mormon peoples are found in North, Central and South America].
(5) That is the truth; believe it or not. I am only speaking from the standpoint of a disinterested third party observer (genealogist), with no vested interest in any of the various competing examinations of Book of Mormon Archaeology; let the chips fall where they may: the records speak for themselves, when compared. [disinterested is used to mean impartial, or not influenced by personal feelings, opinions, or concerns, as in this example: A disinterested third party resolved the dispute.]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richmond,_Virginia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_States_of_America
http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/confederate-states-of-america
https://www.theamericancollege.edu/sites/default/files/multiple_state_proctor_form_2_sept_2016.pdf
http://www.learnersdictionary.com/qa/disinterested-vs-uninterested

My experience with Wikipedia places it into the category of a democratic-aristocracy system, something akin to the British Government during the time of the American Revolution. Everyone can have their own opinion about things, and offer them up, but the decisions of what will be kept or not done, lies in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class; in this case, "scientists", or the rule of the best, to supposedly create the most scholarly results, in theory, at least. Book of Mormon Archaeology is excluded generally as non-scientific, faith based assertions. From a genealogical research standpoint, all of the limited geography models, basically appear to have been created, to support evidences that materially can "prove" the Book of Mormon is "true"; but, all these efforts are the wrong approach. Wrong questions are being asked. For example, (3) What hypothetical locations have been suggested for Book of Mormon lands? Is science the "hypothetical"?
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Book_of_Mormon_Geography

The correct question to ask, is: (3) What are the locations for the Book of Mormon lands? The immediate top-down answer is what the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. taught: “You know there has been great discussion in relation to Zion--where it is, and where the gathering of the dispensation is, and which I am now going to tell you. The prophets have spoken and written upon it; but I will make a proclamation that will cover a broader ground. The whole of America is Zion itself from north to south, and is described by the Prophets, who declare that it is the Zion where the mountain of the Lord should be, and that it should be in the center of the land. When Elders shall take up and examine the old prophecies in the Bible, they will see it.” (History of the Church, 6:318–19.) Furthermore, [The Book of Mormon tells of another Zion community established as a consequence of the Savior’s visit to the Nephites. This people had “all things common among them, every man dealing justly, one with another” (3 Nephi 26:19; see also 4 Nephi 1:1–2). Like the people of Enoch, these Nephites had no contention among them “because the love of God … did dwell in the hearts of the people” (4 Nephi 1:15). Zion will first grow to include all of North and South America (see History of the Church, 6:318–319, 321) and eventually the entire earth (see Brigham Young, in Journal of Discourses, 9:138).]
https://www.lds.org/manual/doctrine-and-covenants-student-manual/enrichments/enrichment-b-establishing-zion?lang=eng
http://jod.mrm.org/9/137#138

The next thing to discuss is concerning The Three Nephites.
"And it came to pass that thus they did go forth among all the people of Nephi, and did preach the gospel of Christ unto all people upon the face of the land; and they were converted unto the Lord, and were united unto the church of Christ, and thus the people of that generation were blessed, according to the word of Jesus." So the top-down answer is given to the correct question: (3) What are the locations for the Book of Mormon lands? Since all of North America and all of South America were physically dedicated as Zion; and, whereas, all of the people upon the face of the land were Zion people; the whole continents were as the Temples of the Lord and every one of the people were as Temple Recommend Holders. Therefore, all of the "Nephite" peoples, for a period of approximately 170 years, were allowed to explore, or had permission, to spread forth, dwell, and inhabit in full, all of North America and South America; NO limited geography models period. “Hemispheric” or “Two-Continent” Book of Mormon lands, that stretch many thousands of miles over much of North America and South America, are archaeologically validated by the actually known historical possession of the lands by Native American descendant groups, met in the millions, by the conquering European settlers, in every region of exploration; groups identified by the promises given to father Abraham, of which from Zionists, as the sands of the seashore for number.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/tg/seed-of-abraham?lang=eng

This was also a promise given to the Zion people who were of the seed of Jared and his brethren. "And they were lost in the wilderness for the space of many days, yet they were diligent, and found not the land of Zarahemla but returned to this land, having traveled in a land among many waters, having discovered a land which was covered with bones of men, and of beasts, and was also covered with ruins of buildings of every kind, having discovered a land which had been peopled with a people who were as numerous as the hosts of Israel." Using the demographic history of the United States as a lesser, incomplete model comparison, the population in 1630, which was 4,646 individuals, rose to 5,308,483 individuals, by the year 1800; for an equivalent period of 170 years, excluding Native Americans. All these statements are not private views; they are genealogical assessments made, generated by promises given to Biblical fathers who were of the righteous seed of Patriarchs.
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1980/12/our-covenants-with-the-lord?lang=eng

The conclusions drawn from them are correct, according to the revelations of the Lord, from a generational historian's viewpoint, because pre-Columbian population estimates, from 10 million to 100 million, or more, were preceded by a series of devastating inter-tribal wars, over generations of time, noted in both secular and religious primary document sources; thus, inherently, reliable information from scholarly studies, compared with primary source religious documents, that when combined together correctly and accurately, are of great and compelling archaeological value.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/28.18-23?lang=eng#17
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/8.8?lang=eng#7

At the same time, anthropologists have their hypothetical evidence, that Native American populations came from Asia across a contrived, and novel land-bridge, "that joined Siberia and America up to about twelve thousand years ago", for which no real, historical proof exists. Large game, tropical animal herds do not seek food and shelter, within frozen tundra areas, where they would die in the process of their movement, originally proposed by Father José de Acosta, S.J. (Spanish: 1540-1600). Acosta himself knew about cold conditions and effects of high altitude, and he suffered severely from rarefied atmosphere, as well as being cured by an Indian woman of snow blindness. He actually traveled only in Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Mexico. [During the 16th century, many Spanish cities were established in North and Central America. Spain attempted to establish missions in what is now the southern United States including Georgia and South Carolina between 1568 and 1587.] Any assertion of a "now-submerged land connection with Alaska, and the fact that they then switched from hunting to urban living and built the magnificent cities that the Spanish conquistadors found", is merely a matter of pure fantasy of the mind; impossible to establish by science, as practiced circa 1572-1590. His book, written in 1587, Historia Natural y Moral de las Indias, could not include any original, experimentally made, scientific, archaeological or other observations, by himself, above the region of Mexico City. Thus, he mentioned "the tropics (torrida) have great abundance of water and vegetation". "Travel by ship was ruled out on the basis of the ignorance of the use of the magnetic compass for navigation in antiquity." However, in the Book of Mormon, it candidly, pointedly, and specifically states that the Lehites had a "ball". It is also stated in the Book of Mormon, as a second witness, that the Jaredites were blown across the ocean, with a “furious wind” that “did never cease to blow towards the promised land” (Ether 6:5, 8); arriving 344 days later (Ether 6:11). Therefore, they did not need the use of the magnetic compass for navigation. The logical concerns expressed by Father José de Acosta, S.J., are thus ruled out as invalid, in the case of the Book of Mormon, by statements that are provided by Joseph Smith, Jr., who knew nothing himself, as an unlearned lad, concerning the need for a magnetic compass, in transoceanic travel by ships. I have already discussed heretofore, concerning the fact that horses were used in the rock mountains, by Native American Indians, not connected to Hispanic conquests, as thus validating, primary source data: The Book of Mormon.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/gs/liahona?lang=eng

Consider the following, using the concept that Latter-day Saints desired self-government, a Zion philosophy; not attained because of internal dissensions, from Kirtland, Ohio, to Missouri, to Nauvoo, Illinois, to the State of Deseret (Utah). etc. [The Territory of Deseret would have comprised roughly all the lands between the Sierra Nevada and the Rockies, and between the border with Mexico northward to include parts of the Oregon Territory, as well as the coast of California south of the Santa Monica Mountains (including the existing settlements of Los Angeles and San Diego). This included the entire watershed of the Colorado River (excluding the lands south of the border with Mexico), as well as the entire area of the Great Basin. The proposal encompassed nearly all of present-day Utah and Nevada, large portions of California and Arizona, and parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon.] In 1850, 1860, and 1870, by census counts: the historical population of Utah, in 1850 was only 11,380; of Oregon, in 1850, 12,093; of New Mexico, in 1850, 61,547; of California (total), in 1850, 92, 597; of Arizona, in 1860, 6,482; of Nevada, in 1860, 6,857; of Colorado, in 1860, 34,277; of Wyoming, in 1870, 9,118; of Idaho, in 1870, 14,999. Even the Library of Congress identifies, in an article by Carlyn Osborn, dated 25 Mar 2016: The State Formerly Known as Deseret. True Zionists, throughout history, are inspired to think big and accomplish big things; all from small beginnings: small babies, children of God, being the first premise or belief, that inspires great accomplishments in life.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/history-maps
https://www.churchhistorianspress.org/
Polygamy related dissensions between Relief Society Leader (s) and Brigham Young, after the murder of President Joseph Smith, Jr. and his brother, Church Patriarch Hyrum Smith; they are self-evident from a reading of this documented source.
https://www.churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Deseret,_State_of
https://blogs.loc.gov/maps/2016/04/the-state-formerly-known-as-deseret/

The Book of Mormon Lands are synonymous with "Zion", in the same way, evaluated historically, re: The Territory of Deseret is later defined as [nearly all of present-day Utah and Nevada, large portions of California and Arizona, and parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon.] There is however, one big difference, and that is, in the time following the visitation of Jesus Christ, "Zion" was fully established governmentally, and spread forth throughout all of the land, both in North America and South America. The same with the Jaredites, they spread forth throughout all of North America, and came down to the narrow neck of land, and made the whole of South America a hunting preserve, just like the United States today has National Parks and Recreation Sites; also, it is self evident, that they had a large fort system in Mesoamerica, and the governmental representatives would have had hunt guides, into South America, as well as "strays" coming down during extreme famine up north, or to escape furious wars and other related family problems. It is also self-evident from Biblical Chronology, that with the division of the continents, during the time of Peleg, that reasonably, there were some humans carried away with the Continental Drift, after the animal re-population from the Ark of Noah. That the "First Americans Lived on Bering Land Bridge for Thousands of Years", is thus made to appear, from ancient historical records, kept by truth telling prophets of God, and ancient Patriarchs, to be nothing more or less than pure absurdity; also, invalidating all current science, of DNA "genetic evidence", the ice age, and other fictions, theories, and philosophies of men and women.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/101?lang=eng
http://wildlife.ohiodnr.gov/portals/wildlife/pdfs/publications/laws%20&%20regs/pub129.pdf
https://www.recreation.gov/
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/first-americans-lived-on-bering-land-bridge-for-thousands-of-years/

About A.D. 321-326, Mormon made a record of the things which I have both seen and heard, and call it the Book of Mormon. His eye-witness, primary source evidence, is: And it came to pass that I, being eleven years old, was carried by my father into the land southward, even to the land of Zarahemla. Read that carefully, for even to the land of Zarahemla indicates it was some distance from the entrance into the land southward, before one would reach even to the land of Zarahemla. This is so absolutely obvious, from a genealogical research standpoint. [And they did remember his words; and therefore they went forth, keeping the commandments of God, to teach the word of God among all the people of Nephi, beginning at the city Bountiful; And from thenceforth to the city of Gid; and from the city of Gid to the city of Mulek; And even from one city to another, until they had gone forth among all the people of Nephi who were in the land southward; and from thence into the land of Zarahemla, among the Lamanites.] So, by A.D. 321-326, the whole face of the land, from north to south, was "covered with buildings, and the people were as numerous almost, as it were the sand of the sea." Then war began to be among them in the borders of Zarahemla, by the waters of Sidon, which was NOT, from a genealogical research standpoint, near or at the point of the beginning of the land southward, i.e., the narrow neck of land entrance-way. And critically, at this same time period, the Lord's beloved disciples, were taken away, and the work of miracles and of healing did cease because of the iniquity of the people. So, for a period of years, approximately, in round numbers, about 300 years, there was medical healing available to the House of Israel in the Land, for longevity (after that ye are seventy and two years old), recovery, and other health related issues.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/triple-index/zarahemla-land-of.t1?lang=eng&letter=z
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/hel/5?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/morm/1?lang=eng
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne/28?lang=eng

So, for simple statistical comparison, there were, by historical count, 4,646 people in the "United States", in 1630, excluding Native Americans. By 1930, after a period of 300 years for the history of the United States, there were, including immigration from other foreign countries, (as well as loss from the American Civil War [In July 1861, the two armies were nearly equal in strength with less than 200,000 soldiers on each side], Wars, World War I and related health issues), a total of 123,202,624 USA people. According to The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, Volume 1, An estimated 12 million Maya occupied hundreds of cities and towns at the height of the Classic Period, with the entire Classic era, dating from AD 120 to AD 909. These estimate relationships suggest only one tenth of the total of United States comparative population, for a similar relevant period of time and semi-related conditions. Thus, this identifies, with an estimate of exceedingly healthy Book of Mormon birth rates, and very low death rates before full aging (72 years, or longer) after the time of Christ: Zion and its people, or The Book of Mormon Lands, are the same as all of North America and South America together.
https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/facts.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=xeJMAgAAQBAJ&pg=RA1-PA350&lpg=RA1-PA350&dq=estimated+population+of+mesoamerica+in+350+A.D.&source=bl&ots=3ClTf_Cr8k&sig=mN--CerARnOYoxKnRJIXiwvvFtc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGltyd4_DRAhXBMGMKHcniBOEQ6AEIPDAF#v=onepage&q=estimated%20population%20of%20mesoamerica%20in%20350%20A.D.&f=false

GENOCIDE WARS Between Nephites and Lamanites. The United States (Civil) War was an internal war of regional supremacy; the Lamanite vs Nephite war was in its final stages, a genocidal war, with no quarter given. I conduct, by use of the Internet, detailed, interdisciplinary, academic data sets research, in social and historical networks, to obtain application-driven, genealogical and family history real world results.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/schoolscollegesuniversities.htm
Every nation in the world has attached Sub Sets:
Zip - BOOKS (BYU) Genealogy: Education in ["x" Country] - Directory: Information & Search.
Examples:
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/whatsnewbooks.htm
https://sites.lib.byu.edu/familyhistory/alphabetical-list/
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/melvyluniversityofcaliforniagenealogyfamilyhistory.htm#research

Book of Mormon Chronology Between A.D. 360 and 385
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Mormon_chronology#Between_AD_360_and_385
AD 360: Lamanites again come to battle the Nephites. Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land, or Mesoamerican region is correctly defined as the Nephite Capital Regional Metropolitan Area government; Strategic Headquarters and Military Command Post, with extended networking trade and transportation roads and paths support system, for the Armies and Pacific-Caribbean Navy of Mormon.

AD 362: Nephites beat the Lamanites in battle and begin to boast in their own strength and "swear before the heavens that they would avenge themselves of the blood of their brethren who had been slain by their enemies" (Mormon 3:9). Mormon "utterly refuse[s]...to be a commander and a leader" to the Nephites (Mormon 3:11). This is the beginning of the GENOCIDE WARS of the Nephites; killing all of the men, women, children, civilians and soldiers, indiscriminately.
. . .
AD 367: Mormon describes "the horrible scene of the blood and carnage which was among the people, both of the Nephites and of the Lamanites" (Mormon 4:11). Lamanites take the city of Desolation back driving the Nephites before them, next attacking the city of Teancum and taking many women and children prisoners to offer up as sacrifices to their idol gods. Nephites drive the Lamanites out of their land in anger over Lamanite sacrifices (Mormon 4:15).

AD 375: After eight years of no conflict between the two sides, the Lamanites attack. Meanwhile, the Nephites, from this point forth, gain no power over their enemies (Mormon 4:16-18), resulting in a nationwide retreat (Mormon 4:22). This is the beginning of the GENOCIDE WARS of the Lamanites; killing all of the men, women, children, civilians and soldiers, indiscriminately. Yucatan to Narrow Neck of Land, or Mesoamerican region is then correctly defined as the Lamanite Capital Regional Metropolitan Area government; Strategic Headquarters and Military Command Post, with extended networking trade and transportation roads and paths support system, for the Armies and Pacific-Caribbean Navy of the Lamanite Kings.

AD 378: Publication of a National Geographic collectors edition notes: "Mysteries of the Maya" includes fragmentary king lists. I found it interesting that America now has a medieval past that can now be documented from National Geographic efforts. In particular, data comes from the online photography file. "A stone monument from the Maya metropolis of Tikal commemorates the arrival of Fire Is Born in A.D. 378. Its shape recalls the feather-adorned ball court markers typical of central Mexico, the homeland of Fire is Born. The writing on the shaft describes him as the envoy of a mysterious ruler named Spear-thrower Owl, represented in the medallion at the top by an owl with an atlatl, or spear-thrower. Other sources reveal that Fire Is Born installed Spear-thrower Owl’s son as the new king of Tikal." This is real time, the beginning historical evidence of a Lamanite ruler, governing in the Middle American region, after the Lamanites broke through, from South America, and overran the Nephite fortifications and Armies and Pacific-Caribbean Navy of Mormon, due to the spirit of the Lord withdrawing from off all of the face of the land northward, from the people as a whole; caused by genocidal tactics by the outraged Nephite military.
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/08/maya-issue/table-of-contents
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/08/maya-rise-fall/gugliotta-text
http://www.waketech.edu/sites/default/files/libraryfiles/ereserves/ant240/Kingmaker.pdf
http://www.iia.unam.mx/images/difusion/La_ruta_de_la_serpiente_Los_gremios_del_comercio_teotihuacano_en_Mesoamrica/lecturas/Ruud-van-Akkeren_Teotihuacan.pdf

Sometime between AD 375 and 380: Mormon resumes command of the Nephite armies, not to save his own people, per se, since he knew his efforts were doomed; but, to save the records of the people, as promised by God to his ancestors. Thus, "Between AD 380 and 385: Mormon, with the permission of the Lamanites' king, gathers his people to Cumorah to fight the Lamanites." However, during this time, "Mormon abridges the Large Plates of Nephi, and compiles the record into its almost finished product". . . . "About AD 421: Moroni finishes the work his father and ancestors started, leaving a promise to its readers, and buries it in the earth " Unfortunately, this is not properly identified in Book of Mormon Archaeology circles. It is defined there as one of the collapses of Mayan civilization; it should actually be identified as the period when the Lamanites from South America, took over Nephite structures and regionally developed agriculture and trade centers. [Radiocarbon data and dating from ceramics and highly controlled archaeology excavations provided new information on the ancient civilization's two major collapses.] The first collapse did not occur around the 2nd century A.D. It occurred, by Book of Mormon Chronology, A.D. 360 to 385; it can be used from this primary source documentation, to re-calibrate at least, after the death of Christ, this glaring deficiency in radiocarbon dates and estimates, for greater scientific accuracy.

Notes: Levi Hancock diary verifies that: "this land was called the land of desolation and Onendagus was the king and a good man was he, there in that mound did he bury his dead and did not dig holes as the people do now but they brought there dirt and covered them untill you see they have raised it to be about one hundread feet high, the last man buried was Zelf, he was a white Lamanite who fought with the people of Onendagus for freedom" . . . ""Hancock identifies the Illinois River and says they were camped on the west side of the river. Further, he says the mound was a mile below the crossing, i.e., south [p.101] of the ferry." Moses Martin wrote: "This being in the Co of Pike, here we discovered a large quantity of large mounds. Being filed with curiosity we excavated the top of one so[m]e 2 feete when we came to the bones of an extraordinary large person or human being, the thigh bones being 2 inches longer from one Socket to the other than of the Prophet \whi\ who is upwards of 6 feete high which would have constuted some 8 or 9 feete high. In the trunk of this skeleton near the vitals we found a large stone arrow which I suppose brougt him to his end. Soon after this Joseph had a vision and the Lord shewed him that this man was once a mighty Prophet and many other things concerning his people. Thus we found those mounds to have be[en] deposits for the dead which had falen no doubt in some great Batles. In addition to this we found many large fortifications which als[o] denotes siviliseation and an innumberable population which has falen by wars and comotion and the Banks of this Beautiful River became the deposit of many hundred thousands whose graves and fortifications \have\ are overgrown with the sturdy oak 4 feete in diameter." . . . "Just two days later Joseph Smith wrote to his wife, Emma Smith, telling her about his experiences, and recounting, specifically, the experience at "Zelph Mound." In the letter he writes that they were "wandering over the plains of the Nephites, recounting occasionaly the history of the Book of Mormon, roving over the mounds of that once beloved people of the Lord, picking up their skulls & their bones, as a proof of its divine authenticity."
http://www.mormonthink.com/zelph.htm
https://books.google.com/books?id=lhwVAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA255&lpg=PA255&dq=pike+county+illinois+local+history+books&source=bl&ots=_-LLPLA4KY&sig=lKrxcrdcYn5FIxq14J5MpMhlylY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj8ydyn-uPRAhUrrlQKHV0WA1E4ChDoAQhtMAU#v=snippet&q=Indians&f=false

From a genealogical research standpoint only, there is a tremendous opportunity to further explore and geographically validate Native Indian Cultures in this North American Region; re: Nephites, Lamanites and Jaredites. It is by doing an exhaustive study of early American Journal Records, diaries, or any other documents, and any other primary record sources, or as referenced in secondary published records, concerning precolonial settlements and inter-cultural testimonies, throughout the North American frontiers. With modern indexing, this can be done easily and carefully, by searches in Family History Books; county and local histories, genealogy magazines, gazetteers, etc.
https://books.familysearch.org/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?vid=FHD_PUBLIC&backFromPreferences=true
https://books.familysearch.org/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?fn=search&ct=search&mode=Basic&tab=default_tab&indx=1&dum=true&srt=rank&vid=FHD_PUBLIC&frbg=&vl%28freeText0%29=Indians

The spirit of Elijah is nondenominational (because of the faith and obedience of one widow woman of Zarephath; for, [although there were “many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah,” unto none of them was the prophet sent save unto the widow of Sarepta]. Hospitality towards the servants of God, in the last days, will preserve all religious adherents, individually and collectively, as well as the heathen nations, who know not God.); it comprehends the promulgation of all necessary information and disciplines, that need to be acquired, to prevent the whole earth from being utterly wasted at the coming of Jesus Christ.
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/ot/1-kgs/17?lang=eng
https://www.biblegateway.com/resources/all-women-bible/Widow-Zarephath
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Book_of_Mormon_Plates_and_Records

Specifically, it includes the planting in the hearts of the children the promises made to the fathers, and the hearts of the children shall turn to their fathers, ancient to modern. If it were not so, the whole earth would be utterly wasted at his coming. Therefore, it is self-evident, that the promises given to the fathers must be known, back to Adam and Eve; thus, the restoration of all ancient hidden records, including the Brass Plates of Laban; the restoration, by revelation, of information on every one of the billions of children born on this earth, as well as future record keeping for future generations. This includes all ancient to modern history, astronomy, medicine and heath information, family living, pedigree researches, educational attainments, science, technology, and how things work, people, languages, resources, school systems, religions, surnames, modern technologies, geography, geology, culture, archives and archiving, books and recording processes, libraries, museums, all known professions and trades, searching in knowledge databases, genealogy, archaeology, anthropology, local and family history sources and compilations, current events, activities among the nations of the world, military and war related information, nuclear and conventional resources, mineral resources, art, dance, music, and theater, translation and dictionaries, communications systems and community inter-relations, mathematics and all educational resources.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/

Book of Mormon Theology and basic Christianity note: God is the same, today, yesterday, and forever. Therefore, activities undertaken by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, today, can be geographically and in real time, physically, be genealogically patterned back into the history and times of The Book of Mormon. Example: Five Wise Virgins and Five Foolish Virgins in the LDS Church today pattern into the divisional wise Nephites and foolish Lamanites.

Question (1):: "Where, in 2017, is the modern day Hill Cumorah?"
Answer: It is the Granite Mountain Records Vault.
https://www.lds.org/media-library/video/2012-01-101-granite-mountain-records-vault-full?lang=eng

Question (2): "Why did the Nephites store records in hills anciently? "
Answer: Because the Nephites, Lamanites and Jaredites, were basic agricultural, pastoral people, or more or less civilized / uncivilized meat eaters. They were positioned, like pioneer Americans, who, without refrigerators, stored precious food supplies in root cellars; [a wide variety of foods can potentially be stored, for weeks to months, depending on the crop and the conditions, and the structure may not always be underground.] The Hill Cumorah / Ramah, and the Hill Shim, both located in North America, were constructed, or built up, as part of an ancient complex of combined burial ground systems, like present day town cemeteries, for descendants to visit; supporting road / trails / river transport systems with regional look-out towers (superimposed on the tops of burial mounds, etc.), in connection with military weapons storage areas, and record keeping storage vaults, which were excellent for keeping a variety of items, such as deceased bodies, at a low temperature and steady humidity, before burials.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_cellar
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/216243219579512431/
http://mattikaarts.com/blog/meat-curing-safety/
http://www.wilhelm-research.com/subzero/MMG_Allowable_Temp_and_RH.pdf

Mormon, as a ten-year-old, residing in North America, was commanded by Ammoron, custodian and Nephite record-keeper, to also keep a Journal Record of observations he made of Nephite proceedings. Mormon's father carried Mormon from the land northward, to the land southward, to the land of Zarahemla, located in South America. Mormon was given a 14 year trial period, (just like Joseph Smith, Jr. was later given a 4 year trial period, before he received the plates, under the jurisdiction of the angel Moroni. It is highly significant, in relation to the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., and his character and attributes, that he acted in the capacity of a "Seer", the greatest priesthood gift from God, before The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was even organized. It can be noted further, that even Jesus Christ, the greatest of All, the Jehovah of the Septuagint, was required, by His Heavenly Father, to go from grace to grace, until He received a fullness of power and glory. Jesus Christ, however, acted in the office of "Seer", when He visited the Temple at Jerusalem, when only twelve years of age, also without earthly parental consent, and independent of the callings, and formation of the Church in His day. He did not receive His baptism and His Commission to set up the Church, until he was legally and lawfully a fully functioning, independent male adult, and yet was without sin, and did no evil thing, because He was God Incarnate). Mormon compiled his Journal Record, and traveled from South America, when he was a mature young man, back into North America, and wrote his journal record on plates he later was directed to locate, in the "land Antum, unto a hill which shall be called Shim"; where all the sacred engravings (including Temple Records) concerning the people, were deposited. "And behold, ye shall take the plates of Nephi unto yourself, and the remainder shall ye leave in the place where they are; and ye shall engrave on the plates of Nephi all the things that ye have observed concerning this people." The hill called Shim was located in North America, west / south / southwest, of the Hill Cumorah / Ramah, as [Omer departed out of the land with his family, and traveled many days, and came over and passed by the hill of Shim, and (then, later) came over by the place where the Nephites were destroyed (Hill Cumorah / Ramah), and from thence eastward, and came to a place which was called Ablom, by the seashore, and there he pitched his tent, and also his sons and his daughters, and all his household, save it were Jared and his family.] This South to North, Northeast pattern appears also in the pattern of travel developed in early LDS brethren, in their mapping and statements concerning the location of the Manti Temple, etc.
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+2:41-52&version=KJV
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/book-mormon-fourth-nephi-through-moroni-zion-destruction/18-moroni-last-nephite-prophets

This is a double witness of ancient geographic locations and travel patterns. This indicates that one of the ancient Jaredite government centers was located in the southern portion of the North American continent; like Poverty Point. [Domestic tools, human figurines and tons of stones from up to 800 miles away have led to speculation that Poverty Point was an ancient residential, trade and ceremonial center.] . . . [Likewise, think of the stone found at Poverty Point as a roadmap. Rocks and minerals came to the site from as far away as present-day Iowa and as far east as the Appalachians. Water tied these routes together. Like our modern highway system, boat travel along the Mississippi River and its tributaries facilitated the movement of people and materials.] . . . [Burial mounds were common throughout the southeastern and central U.S., yet the absence of human remains at Poverty Point suggests these monumental earthworks, built by hand, were being used for other purposes. (like general conferences)] . . . [The site was once at the center of a huge trade network.] Poverty Point and other Jaredite locations, were abandoned, according to the best written evidence within the Book of Ether, because of severe drought, as well as internal Jaredite wars, and subsequent outmigration, as in the case of Omer, who departed out of the land, etc.
http://povertypoint.us/

Question (3): "Why is there such little evidence of Nephite-Lamanite-Jaredite activities in and around the Hill Cumorah, in upstate New York?"
Answer: Because they were mobile military units traveling long distances, and they participated in cannibalistic genocide wars. NOTE: Denial - The Final Stage "is the eighth stage that always follows a genocide. It is among the surest indicators of further genocidal massacres. The perpetrators of genocide dig up the mass graves, burn the bodies, try to cover up the evidence and intimidate the witnesses (Lamanites demanded that the Nephite remnants deny Jesus Christ, or they would be killed; else, they became slaves of their Lamanite captors, with historical memory obliterated). They deny that they committed any crimes, and often blame what happened on the victims." [And Laman said unto Lemuel and also unto the sons of Ishmael: Behold, let us slay our father, and also our brother Nephi, who has taken it upon him to be our ruler and our teacher, who are his elder brethren.] This is genocide mentality, as shown in full.
https://www.lds.org/manual/book-of-mormon-stories/chapter-53-moroni-and-his-teachings?lang=eng
http://www.genocidewatch.org/aboutgenocide/8stagesofgenocide.html
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/1-ne/16.37?lang=eng

Reputations in the outside world (usually found in ancient archaeological remains), are not of primal importance to faith based practicing communities. Their only primary, basic interest is to be recorded in godly priesthood ordinance records (not presently available) and then remain true and faithful to the end. That being said, Book of Mormon archaeological findings, and in particular, King Lists and Judicial Government leaders, should predominantly appear as evidences of "Lamanite" or secular leaders, (including those from different denominational churches in the land, who denied Christ and persecuted Nephites; willful atheistic rebellion; those who would obliterate monumental references to Nephite ethnic groups); and thus not be representative of the basic thrust of names and identities, which are found in the religiously oriented, Nephite-Lamanite time frames, discussed in the Book of Mormon. The King Lists of the Jaredites belong to a previous era, for which archaeological evidences are more limited. Mosiah did not translate the Jaredite plates until About 92 B.C.; thus, this data set of information was not part of the known Nephite cultural knowledge mindset, before that time.
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Book_of_Mormon,_Government_and_Legal_History_in_the
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/mosiah/28.11-13?lang=eng#10

The Mulekites are the beginnings of the indirect inculcation of oral history traditions, into the Book of Mormon posterity, with obvious and apparent Royalty heir claims by intermarriage, into the Royal Davidic House of Judah; i.e., intermarried Nephite-Mulekite families. "Zarahemla gave a genealogy of his fathers, according to his memory; and they are written, but not in these plates." The seed of Zedekiah are inherently part of hereditary Kings Lists, separate from former, traditional Nephite King authority. Evidences of archaeological findings of "Lamanite" pride should become definitely prominent, beginning with A.D. 200, when goods and substance were no longer held in common and class divisions occurred. This should accelerate in the time period of A.D. 245, when the wicked became exceedingly more numerous in the land, with evidences of discord and internal local destruction, occurring between A.D. 261, when the Gadiantons return, and of course A.D. 301, when the Nephites become as sinful as the Lamanites.
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1987/03/the-mulekites?lang=eng

Conclusions, from a genealogical research standpoint:
(1) Radiocarbon dating is exceedingly inaccurate, at present, much more so preceding the death of Christ; and, still genealogically inhibiting, after the death of Christ. It needs to be recalibrated, using Book of Mormon dates.
(2) Mesoamerican evidences do not now clearly and specifically identify known and assured historical events from the Book of Mormon.
(3) The city of Zarahemla, which was burned at Christ’s death, can be found in South America; having limited (oral tradition) Mulekite knowledge connections up into Mesoamerica, and points northward. Coriantumr wandered down southward from the final battlefield of the Jaredite nation, through vacated settlements in North America; the remains of deceased population groups, until he was finally discovered and lived for 9 moons with the people of Zarahemla.

"And it came to pass that the army of Coriantumr did pitch their tents by the hill Ramah; and it was that same hill where my father Mormon did hide up the records unto the Lord, which were sacred." . . . "And it came to pass that the armies of Coriantumr did press upon the armies of Shiz that they beat them, that they caused them to flee before them; and they did flee southward, and did pitch their tents in a place which was called Ogath." So, Ogath was south of the hill Ramah, or Cumorah. "Wherefore, they were for the space of four years gathering together the people, that they might get all who were upon the face of the land, and that they might receive all the strength which it was possible that they could receive." This is a big deal and took four whole years for both armies to gather all their people together, including men, women, and children. "And it came to pass that Lib also did that which was good in the sight of the Lord. And in the days of Lib the poisonous serpents were destroyed. Wherefore they did go into the land southward, to hunt food for the people of the land, for the land was covered with animals of the (tropical) forest. And Lib also himself became a great hunter. And they built a great city by the narrow neck of land (Mesoamerica), by the place where the sea divides the land." Conclusion: The armies of Coriantumr did press upon the armies of Shiz that they beat them, that they caused them to flee before them; and they did flee southward, and did pitch their tents in a place which was called Ogath.

The full extent of the Jaredite nation was at least from the regions of the Hill Cumorah, and northward, in New York State, down to the narrow neck of land separating North and South America, within which, both armies scoured the lands to bring together their mighty armies, to fight to the death. Lib left a record indicating they did go into the land southward, to hunt food for the people of the land, in South America. Thus, from a genealogical research standpoint, Coriantumr, a severely wounded soldier of battle, was wandering to South America via North American settlements after the Jaredite destruction, to obtain or hunt food for himself, in the tradition of his fathers; and, that is where the people of Zarahemla discovered him, in the area of Zarahemla; indicating the city of Zarahemla had scouts or guards posted outside the city population and farming parameter limits.

(4) Zarahemla, with regional population centers, is a mineral rich area, used for ancient crucible production of iron and steel and other precious metals, as stated by Nephi in the Book of Mormon; sans later geologic / volcanic changes.
https://archive.org/stream/cu31924020012419/cu31924020012419_djvu.txt
'Chart of Guyana, &ca. shewing the connections between the two Great Rivers Amazon &... | The National Archives
https://archive.org/stream/mineraldeposits01singgoog/mineraldeposits01singgoog_djvu.txt
https://books.google.com/books?id=la7PAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA582&lpg=PA582&dq=Orinoco+River+basin+minerals&source=bl&ots=UHSqvpqbNW&sig=jJbTQ6SUnfAVDSausS3I2VM8EYY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj24a6ry-DRAhXCNSYKHfBcAto4ChDoAQgbMAE#v=onepage&q=Orinoco%20River%20basin%20minerals&f=false
https://www.google.com/search?q=Orinoco+River+basin+gold+deposits&biw=1600&bih=732&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx7v3eouHRAhVKyoMKHen_DdQQ7AkITQ

Reflexive Archaeology in the Orinoco River, Venezuela: Results of the 2015 Field Season: [Jose is leading a four-year project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust, which focuses on the archaeology of Cotúa Island, a pre-Columbian trade centre located in the Middle Orinoco River. Available archaeological evidence suggests that traders from diverse and distant regions interacted at Cotúa Island over the course of two millennia before European colonization. However, the specific characteristics of this interaction and the role it played in regional pre-Columbian ethnogenesis are not yet well understood.]
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/calendar/articles/2015-16-events/20151026

Cotúa Island-Orinoco Reflexive Archaeology Project: [This new four-year research project (2015-19) funded by The Leverhulme Trust (RPG 2014-234) focuses on the archaeology of Cotúa Island and its immediate vicinity of the Atures Rapids in the upper reaches of the Middle Orinoco River in Venezuela. During the Colonial period (16-18th century AD) Cotúa Island was an entrepôt visited by traders from diverse ethnicities and distant regions. Archaeological evidence, however, hints that Cotúa was a multi-ethnic trade ‘center’ that evolved over two millennia prior to European colonization. The project seeks to elucidate the characteristics of these regional longue durée interactions, as well as to shed light on the role that Cotúa Island’s inhabitants played in processes of pre-Columbian ethnogenesis]. . . . [Broad area décapage has not been implemented in the Orinoco River region for pre-Columbian archaeology. As a consequence, not a single pre-Columbian community plan has yet been documented along the entire length (2470Km) of the Orinoco River.]
https://www.academia.edu/8296429/Oliver_J._R._F._Scaramelli_and_M._Arroyo-Kalin_2014_The_Cot%C3%BAa_Island_Entrep%C3%B4t_Building_A_Reflexive_Archaeology_Project_in_the_Orinoco_Basin_Venezuela
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/directory/orinoco-reflexive-oliver
https://ucl.academia.edu/JoseOliver

REFERENCES: References
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/science.htm#References

Book of Mormon Archaeology Inquiry
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10154868710186424&id=261975771423

EVALUATING BOOK OF MORMON GEOGRAPHY FROM A GENEALOGICAL STANDPOINT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10201492174961218&id=261975771423

LIGHT THE WORLD WITH A HAPPY NEW YEAR GIFT
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10154951916051424&id=261975771423

Speaking of DNA and the Middle East Tree of Life, Etc.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155042481646424&id=261975771423

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THE RADIOCARBON CALIBRATION FROM AN IRISH OAK PERSPECTIVE
. . . [Bog oaks occur widely in Irish peat bogs. They are referred to colloquially as “black oak” due to the fact that iron in the groundwater tends to stain the wood black. They originally grew on the surface of living peat bogs; eventually they blew down and were buried in the peat. There are no good modern parallels for this presence of long-lived oaks growing on the surface of peat bogs! No one has ever understood why they are there, but irrespective of their survival history, they form an incredible environmental resource. The biggest problem in trying to build chronologies using bog oaks is that the oaks themselves offer no clues as to relative age; one bog oak looks very like any other, and appearance is no guide to age. This problem was made even more difficult by the fact that the timbers were normally not found in situ in the bogs; rather, they were almost always found in heaps after they had been dragged out by heavy machinery (see Figure 2). So the problem initially appeared as follows. There were thousands of bog oaks of Holocene age, but they were unstratified and there was nothing to indicate either absolute age or indeed relative age.] . . . [The dendrochronological bonuses continue to develop. The recognition of volcano-related down-turns in the tree-ring chronologies offer the possibility of linking spaced events in the tree-ring records . . .] . . . [The first well-documented global environmental downturn spans AD 536–550 and involves cold, famine, and plague (Baillie 1994). It shows up in tree-ring chronologies from both the Old and New Worlds. It has recently been shown to involve either a single massive volcanic eruption in AD 536 (Larsen et al. 2008) or 2 eruptions, one in 536 and a second (the massive one) in 540–541(Baillie 2008). However, a third possibility cannot currently be ruled out, namely a massive eruption in 536 and a cosmic impact around 540 (Baillie 2008).]
https://journals.uair.arizona.edu/index.php/radiocarbon/article/viewFile/3495/3011

Comments: The scientific conclusions are determined because of the "luck of the Irish", using materials that are known specifically, and stated as such, to have been displaced from their original ground positioning. "During the gold and silver rush years in the second half of the 19th century, a number of the most famous and successful miners were of Irish and Irish American birth. . . .Over time this association of the Irish with mining fortunes led to the expression 'luck of the Irish.' Of course, it carried with it a certain tone of derision, as if to say, only by sheer luck, as opposed to brains, could these fools succeed." [However, as luck would have it, . . .] . . . [It all took time, and luck, but . . .] . . . [It was at this stage that 3 things happened, involving luck, wider sampling, and cooperation. . . .] . . . [Thirdly, we got lucky. Within the north of Ireland, the discovery of oak timbers at 2 Early Iron Age sites . . .] . . . [ Just to keep the “lucky” nature of this exercise going, the “gap” between the 2 Irish chronologies turned out to be a single year.]
http://www.irishcentral.com/roots/history/where-does-the-term-the-luck-of-the-irish-come-from

As a matter of general observation, it does not matter to an atheist, whether 10 days, 10 years, 10 thousand years, 10 million years,10 billion years, or trillions of years are used, to formulate the lifetime of the earth. From my communications, atheists are only interested in two things: (a) Denying God or that Jesus Christ never existed as the living Son of God on the Earth; and (b) "proving", by any and all "scientific" means possible, to the rising generations of students, that Adam and Eve are a myth, told by parents, generated out of the ignorant, unlearned, faith-based, simple minded men and women, who have not been trained well enough to understand that only man can make their own destiny, without the help of a higher, more intelligently designed power. This is a complete contradiction of "The Being and Kind of Being God Is; The Immortality of the Intelligence of Man", wherein the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. clearly states: "The first principles of man are self-existent with God. God himself, finding he was in the midst of spirits and glory, because he was more intelligent, saw proper to institute laws whereby the rest could have a privilege to advance like himself. The relationship we have with God places us in a situation to advance in knowledge. He has power to institute laws to instruct the weaker intelligences, that they may be exalted with himself, so that they might have one glory upon another, and all that knowledge, power, glory, and intelligence, which is requisite in order to save them in the world of spirits."
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/King_Follett_Discourse

This lack of faith in God, plays out in its many forms, to an equal or lesser degree, among some DNA genetic specialists, whose only aim is to miss the mark of Jesus Christ, and proclaim man to be unrelated to God, being only the "luck of the Irish" rolled dice outcome of Neanderthal related ancestry. "Because there is a law such as gravity, the universe can and will create itself from nothing. Spontaneous creation is the reason there is something rather than nothing, why the universe exists, why we exist. It is not necessary to invoke God to light the blue touch paper and set the universe going." . . . "The scientific account is complete. Theology is unnecessary." . . . [Heaven or an afterlife "is a fairy story for people afraid of the dark." (I am a child of God.)]
http://www.alternet.org/belief/8-atheist-and-agnostic-scientists-who-changed-world
https://www.rootstech.org/

Adam and Eve and the Fall (approximately 4000 B.C.), Enoch (approximately 3000 B.C.), Noah and the Flood (approximately 2400 B.C.), and the tower of Babel (approximately 2200 B.C.) preceded Abraham’s time. Abraham, who was born in about 2000 B.C., was the father of Isaac and the grandfather of Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel. (See Bible Dictionary, “chronology,” 635–36.)
https://www.lds.org/manual/the-pearl-of-great-price-student-manual/the-book-of-abraham?lang=eng

Since there was no death before Adam, these problems need to be intelligently resolved, using The Book of Abraham, as a primary source document, and other Standard Works, from a factual, genealogical research standpoint; namely:
(1) In 1970: Furgeson used dendrochronology of Bristlecone Pines to calibrate radiocarbon dating back to 7484 years b.p. (before the present). This is about 1500 years off the official temporal age of the earth in the Doctrine and Covenants. The oldest LIVING tree is called "Methuselah" and is 4,765 years old. Time period: Cainan - 3675 B.C. to 2765 B.C. Enos was 90 when Cainan was born (Gen. 5:9). Cainan was 70 when Mahalaleel was born (Gen. 5:12). Cainan was 605 years old when Adam died. And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel 840 years, making him 910 years old at his death (Gen. 5:13-14). This has not been identified in dendrochronology papers. Furgeson, C. W. (1970), Dendrochronology of bristlecone pines, Pinus aristata. Establishment of a 7484-year chronology in the White Mountains of eastern-central California, USA. In: I. U. Olsson (Ed.), Radiocarbon Variations and Absolute Chronology, Proc. 12th Nobel Symp. Wiley, pp. 629-40. Also, 1991: Becker, et al publish a stable dendrochronological calibration of 14C back to 13,000 years before the present. Invalid dating, as this is many years off the official temporal age of the earth in the Doctrine and Covenants. Becker, B., Kromer, B., and Trimborn P., 1991, A stable-isotope tree-ring timescale of the Late Glacial/Holocene boundary: Nature, vol. 353 (17 Oct 1991), 647-649. Bard, E., Hamelin, B., Fairbanks, R.G., and Zinder, A., (1990), Calibration of the 14C timescale over the past 30,000 years using mass spectrometric U-Th ages from Barbados corals, Nature, 345, 405-410, gives serious reason to suspect "that dating within the last 4-5000 years would be massively incorrect.".
https://www.nps.gov/brca/learn/nature/bristleconepine.htm
https://journals.uair.arizona.edu/index.php/radiocarbon/article/view/3496
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm#006

(2) "There are no good modern parallels for this presence of long-lived oaks growing on the surface of peat bogs!" However, long age in recorded history of mankind is found in the time period: 2944 B.C. to 1994 B.C. Lamech was 182 when Noah was born (Genesis 5: 28-29). Moses 8: 12 And Noah was four hundred and fifty years old, and begat Japheth; and forty-two years afterward he begat Shem of her who was the mother of Japheth, and when he was five hundred years old he begat Ham. And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth. [2344 B.C.] Archbishop James Ussher calculated the Flood date: 2349 B.C. Moses informs us that Noah lived after the flood 350 years; making him 950 years old when he died (Gen. 9:28-29). Noah was 84 years old when Enos died, 176 when Cainan died, 234 when Mahalaleel died, 366 when Jared died, 595 when Lamech died, and 600 when Methuselah died. We can see from this that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah, Lamech, and Noah all lived on the earth at the same time; and that Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Methuselah and Lamech, were all acquainted with both Adam and Noah.
http://www.lhup.edu/~dsimanek/ussher.htm

(3) "Bart J. Kowallis contends that each of the destructive forces Nephi describes–the terrible storms, thunder, lightning, whirlwinds, shaking of the earth, flooding, fires, burying of cities, and rending and scattering of rocks–probably emanated from a single geologic event: an explosive volcanic eruption." Yet, "The recognition of volcano-related down-turns in the tree-ring chronologies offer the possibility of linking spaced events in the tree-ring records . . .]"; yet, again, it is not noted.
http://www.cometozarahemla.org/law-of-witnesses/cataclysm-in-3-nephi.html

(4) "The Cornish Tynners hold a strong imagination, that in the withdrawing of Noahs floud to the Sea, the same took his course from East to West, violently breaking vp, and forcibly carrying with it, the earth, trees, and Rocks, which lay any thing loosely, neere the vpper face of the ground. To confirme the likelihood of which supposed truth, they doe many times digge vp whole and huge Timber trees which they conceiue at that deluge to haue beene ouerturned and whelmed:" Yet, Flood Legends from Around the World are given no credibility. Therefore, no scientific, dispassionate primary research evaluation has been conducted over time, to obtain truth. That "precision of the later curve is quite a bit lower, and that some of the calibration data sets disagree significantly", seriously erodes scientific credibility of the use of Radiocarbon Ages, before the death of Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ.
http://faculty.washington.edu/stn/ess_461/labs/Lab_3_C-14_calib.pdf

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Utah Bees and The State of Utah and The State of Deseret:
Domesticated Honey Bees and Book of Mormon Archaeology
http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Beehive_Symbol
http://oneclimbs.com/2013/03/25/symbolism-of-the-bee-the-deseret-connection-by-hugh-w-nibley/

Wouldn't it be wonderful to reestablish the geographic parameters for the Book of Mormon, of the Ancient Nephites and Lamanites living areas, as well as find the exact location of the City of Zarahemla in South America, by an intensive search of the human transmission of pre-Colombian bee hives; the Maya of Middle America; in North America and South America, via hollow tree logs?

Ancient Maya Beekeeping
https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/96996/UMURJ-Issue07_2010-DMImre.pdf?sequence=1

Indigenous Knowledge and Ethics: A Darrell Posey Reader
https://books.google.com/books?id=i0_X5Yo3nDYC&pg=PA14&lpg=PA14&dq=domesticated+honey+bees+central+and+south+america+maya&source=bl&ots=jVtfpqK9_k&sig=D0C7jOswpUNWfFVpaEcda-dp1-Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjNgcbz4P7RAhVeHGMKHb_1D8wQ6AEIRzAL#v=onepage&q=domesticated%20honey%20bees%20central%20and%20south%20america%20maya&f=false

The Abc and Xyz of Bee Culture: A Cyclopedia of Everything Pertaining to the Care of the Honey-Bee; Bees, Hives, Honey, Implements, Honey-Plants, Etc . . .
https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/005797241
https://books.google.com/books?id=Xp5lAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA68&lpg=PA68&dq=domesticated+honey+bees+central+and+south+america+orinoco&source=bl&ots=6ckW0GvYLt&sig=EROjTZSVAeDAIqjw63VkpQZldRw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi2gqe-4P7RAhUBTGMKHRrnBu0Q6AEIODAH#v=onepage&q=domesticated%20honey%20bees%20central%20and%20south%20america%20orinoco&f=false

Honey of Colombian stingless bees:
Nutritional characteristics and physicochemical quality indicators
. . . "The sensory descriptions of pot-honey are accompanied with chapters on physicochemical analysis of pot-honey from bees in Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, and Venezuela—including microbial, nutritional, and metal composition —an electronic nose, non-aromatic organic acid profiles, and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance." . . . "The cerumen was as important as the honey to many early Pre-Columbian societies. No stingless bee builds its nest of pure wax, but uses cerumen mixed with resin, called “cerumen” (as noted in several book chapters herein). These civilisations are famed for their treasures of gold.. . . The cerumen was used to cast exquisite jewellery, usually made from pure gold." . . . "In Latin America, in general, and Mexico and certainly several Tropical American countries there is a large cultural diversity that contains a wide knowledge which may be highly correlated to scientific knowledge. Within the fauna of Tropical America, bees have been of great cultural value, since before America’s discovery by European explorers, and further conquest. They have been part of religious, festive, and trade customs of several indigenous peoples, the Mayans were the main ethnic group who developed, through Melipona beecheii beekeeping and husbandry, the science and art of meliponi culture . . . The other meliponas are ever present in the culture of Latin American people" . . . "The honey of stingless bees is a patrimony for tropical regions, especially for Latin America, where most of these bees exist. The honey of each varies among species and also within the same species, depending on the region where they are found and the plant resources they utilize. Determining the composition of this greatly varied honey, and knowing its attributes, is a difficult task. However, the challenge has been taken by research from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Perú, Venezuela, and us, in Guatemala." . . . "Historical reports show that honey from the stingless bees was considered to be a treasure of great value for the indigenous population and that it was used as a trading instrument . . . "
http://www.academia.edu/22493184/Honey_of_Colombian_stingless_bees_Nutritional_characteristics_and_physicochemical_quality_indicators

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Ships, Maps, Distance, Christopher Columbus, his Egg, and his Perspective; Joseph Smith, Jr. and Narrow Mindedness.

"The Prophet [Joseph Smith, Jr.] once spoke of Christopher Columbus, who was the guest of honor at a banquet. A courtier who was jealous of his discoveries asked him if there were not other capable men in Spain who could have successfully completed his voyage. Columbus responded by holding up an egg and inviting those present to make the egg stand on its end. No one could do it. Finally, he struck one end of the egg upon the table and left it standing. The Prophet then made this point: Once Columbus had shown the way to the New World, nothing was easier than to follow."
https://www.lds.org/ensign/2002/06/joseph-smith-prophet-of-the-restoration?lang=eng

COMPARE: [The legend of “Columbus’s egg” is recorded by Martin Fernández de Navarrete [Colección de Viajes y descubrimientos, Madrid, 1954] based on a passage written by the historian Bossi, which in its turn was inspired by an engraving made by Teodoro Bry, a bookseller and engraver from Liège who settled in Frankfurt in 1570. It goes as follows: “Among the festivities organised in Columbus’s honour by the court grandees on his return after his first voyage, there was a banquet offered by Cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza. The Admiral was the guest of honour and during the course of the meal one of the grandees said that if Columbus had not discovered the New World, there would have been many other talented men ready and able to do the very same thing. Then Columbus picked up an egg and asked if any of those present was capable of making it stand on end unsuported. No one was able to do it, but Columbus, by hitting the ends of the egg and flattening them, managed to make it stand on the table without falling over”.]
http://www.cristobalcolondeibiza.com/eng/eng05.htm#foto02
http://www.cristobalcolondeibiza.com/eng/eng00.htm
http://www.worldcat.org/title/vita-di-cristoforo-colombo-riproposizione-integrale-in-una-veste-grafica-moderna-del-testo-originale-del-1818-opera-dellaccademico-cav-luigi-bossi-corredato-da-unappendice-di-documenti-rari-e-fino-ad-allora-inediti/oclc/28144104

THE CHINESE THEORY: . . . [The Chinese theory is based on the phrase used by Ptolemy in his Geographike hyphegesis: Cattigara, anchorage of the Chinese. The voyage could have been made using the current circulating in the southern Pacific between Australia and the southern part of South America. The same current could also have been used as a return route, from Peru to the Moluccas, which would have afforded much gentler weather conditions for the return voyage.] . . . CHINESE SHIPS: . . . [The most reliable proof, says Vargas, is the discovery, as recently as 1974, of shipbuilding yards in Canton. The largest bay that has been excavated to date measures l.8 metres in width in the centre and 29 metres in length. It has been calculated that in this size bay, they could have built ships of between 6 and 8 metres in breadth, 30 metres in length and 50-60 tonnes in displacement. We must remember that these yards date back to 221-206 BC.]
http://www.cristobalcolondeibiza.com/2eng/2eng15.htm

GAVIN MENZIES AND CHINESE NAVIGATORS: . . . [Paul Gallez's work, La Cola del Dragón, where the Argentine scholar presents us with an exhaustive piece of research, in which he shows us that in Henricus Martellus's 1489 map, in the so-called ‘fourth Asian peninsula' leading off the Chinese mainland (in actual fact South America) we can find the entire river system, from the Orinoco to the Grande River in Tierra del Fuego.] . . . [On consideration, it is preferable to believe, like Charles H. Hapgood and so many other modern researchers, that in olden times, there were people with extensive technical knowledge, which we are as yet unable to explain; for example, their ability to draw the whole South American river system, including lakes and mountains, on a map dating back to before 1492.]
http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/LMwebpages/256mono.html

256 Henricus Martellus' World Map, 1489*
http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/LMwebpages/256.html
256B Henricus Martellus' World Map, 1490
http://www.henry-davis.com/MAPS/LMwebpages/256B.html

Did This Map Guide Columbus? | History | Smithsonian
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/did-this-map-guide-columbus-180955295/

"The famous Waldseemuller map, which in 1507 depicted the Americas for the first time, appears to have borrowed heavily from Martellus." It appears to me, that the Americas were made "continental" by cutting off a slice of China.
https://www.loc.gov/rr/geogmap/waldexh.html

Michael Stahlman, your question was: "Has anyone ever mapped out possible shipping route by boat from Zarahemla or Bountiful to Land of Desolation?" Zander Sturgill also said: "I know Parley P. Pratt had a theory that they shipped it from South America to North America, which is impossible considering how massive the distance is." My answer was to both of these items, re: The river system of South America on the Martellus map (1489); etc. . . . "The identification of all the great South American rivers on Henricus Martellus's 1489 pre- Columbian map based simply on their geographical position, their main characteristics, and the direction in which they flow, provides indisputable proof that the Dragon's Tail can be identified as South America on this map and therefore on the maps of all the cartographers who have copied it, as well as those who, as in the case of Waldseemüller, were unaware of what they were actually copying. In particular, the Paraná-Paraguay system, with its Y shape opening to the north-northeast, its lower stretches which turn from the south to the southeast, and its broad estuary where it flows into the ocean, forms a figure which is absolutely unique. Martellus's map depicts it with complete accuracy, both in form and course, with the addition of the Serra do Mar, a mountain formation also quite unique in the world in its positioning parallel to the coast. And as if that were not enough, the dimensions of the system relative to the other major rivers are also absolutely correct together with its position in relation to these rivers and the coast. Indeed, the Paraná-Paraguay river system in itself is sufficient to reveal the South American identity of the Dragon's Tail." From a genealogical research standpoint only, by a simple reading of the Book of Mormon, the City of Zarahemla is deeper into South America. Also, we can conclude, that: ‘Someone' explored and mapped South America before the arrival of Christopher Columbus.
http://www.cristobalcolondeibiza.com/2eng/2eng13.htm#pto01

Exploration of South America in ancient times mentions that: "The fact is, that in all the maps that Gallez studied, it is in those of Martellus, Al-Khwarizmi and Marinus of Tyre that South America is located at the furthest eastern extremity of Asia." This being noted, sometime before the arrival of Columbus and after the time of Jesus Christ on the American Continent, evidence indicates that the righteous Nephites and converted Lamanites, or former non believers, or their trading descendants, carefully explored and mapped the totality of river systems in South America. This information was carried back into the record mapping systems located in the Middle East, Asia, or other trading areas, of which the Calixtlahuaca head, "unquestionably" from the Hellenistic-Roman school of art, provides secondary support. As stated before, it was not a Roman ship reaching the New World 1800 years ago; the maps indicate it was Nephite Christians visiting the Middle East, or their descendants, as excellent mariners, sharing knowledge with learned men whom they would have come into contact, attempting to establish viable trade routes back to the interior of the South American Continent. This extensive eastern shore mapping system also suggests that the City of Zarahemla was east of the Andes Mountains, as stated heretofore, as a major river front trading center; suggested as being in the Orinoco River Basin, as it contains the necessary Book of Mormon production of crucible iron and steel, etc., mineral elements, [the name derived from Guarauno words meaning "a place to paddle" (navigable place)]; currently one of the most industrialized areas of South America.
http://econ.ohio-state.edu/jhm/arch/calix.htm
http://www.cristobalcolondeibiza.com/2eng/2eng14.htm#pto05

Scientific Evidence for Pre-Columbian Transoceanic Voyages . . . Genealogical Research Note Insert: More particularly, by Lamanite, or apostate Jaredite Native American Cultures; with time period radiocarbon dates being clearly uncertain. . . . [Support for the preparation and presentation of the original paper was provided by the Institute for the Study and Preservation of Ancient Religious Texts, at Brigham Young University, and the Center for Ancient Studies of the University of Pennsylvania.] . . . [Despite the discomfort caused by having a paradigm upset, we must accept that the evidence is convincing for ingesting tobacco, coca, and hashish, at least in Egypt and in Andean South America by the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. The only explanations for that distribution involve voyages across the ocean.] . . . [The question of whether tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum), a plant native to the Americas, was found in ancient Egypt has arisen in the last quarter-century as a result of museum research. Fragments of tobacco were found about 30 years ago in the abdominal cavity of the mummy of Ramses II in a European museum (Bucaille 1990). In the intervening years, a large literature has arisen about the resulting controversy (the best survey is found in Jett 2003). In 1992, physical scientists in Germany used sophisticated instrumentation to examine nine Egyptian mummies in order to learn about the ancient use of hallucinogenic or narcotic substances. They found chemical residues of tobacco, cocaine, and hashish in the hair, soft tissues, skin, and bones of eight of the nine, including metabolically processed derivatives of the drugs, signifying that the drugs were ingested while the subjects were alive. (Cocaine and hashish, but not tobacco, were found in the ninth mummy.) The historical dates of the mummies ranged from 1070 BC to AD 395 (Balabanova et al. 1992a), indicating that the plants yielding the drugs were apparently continuously available, at least to Egyptian royalty, for over 1,400 years. Investigators have since found evidence of the drugs in additional mummies (Nerlich et al. 1995; Parsche and Nerlich 1995; Balabanova et al. 1997). Despite charges by critics that the analyses must have been faulty, the scientists involved have vigorously defended their work, and recent independent critiques give them good marks (Wells 2000; see also Pollmer 2000). All attempts to explain the unexpected findings without granting the presence of the American plants in the Old World have serious flaws (see, e.g., Buckland and Panagiotakopulu 2001; the critiques in Jett 2003 and 2004, and Wells 2000).

The nub of the controversy is, of course, that according to the standard paradigm of plant history, tobacco “should not” appear at all in Egypt or anywhere else in the Old World until after Columbus. Extravagant claims by Leo Wiener (1920–1922) about pre-Columbian tobacco in the Old World had been dismissed curtly by anthropologists and historians (e.g., Dixon 1920; 1921). But recently, Ashraf (1985) found that textual and artistic materials in India as far back as medieval times witness the presence and use of tobacco. The evidence includes a Sanskrit name, tanbaku (and/or támrakúta; Nadkarni 1914, 257), along with representations or mentions of the water-cooled pipe (huqqa, or hookah) for smoking, but other scholars do not seem to have paid attention to Ashraf’s evidence. Now, the facts obtained from study of the Egyptian mummies leave no plausible explanation other than that N. tabacum was indeed used in antiquity in the Old World, and that could only be so if it was taken there at some early point in history by voyagers.] . . .

[Use of the plant by living Egyptians and others in the Old World has been demonstrated definitively by study of mummies and desiccated corpses dating from at least 1100 BC. Use of the water-cooled hooka smoking device is shown in pre-Columbian art in India, along with medicinal references to tobacco in traditional forms of medical practice. Names point to the pre-Columbian presence of tobacco in Asia and perhaps in Tibet. Sanskrit, Arabic, and Persian names are recorded. Found wild on Easter Island, while tradition says it was introduced by the earliest settlers.]

From a genealogical research standpoint only, there is evidence of the general location of one anciently established Lamanite culture, in South America. "About as strange as coca's use in the Near East is the fact that Peruvian mummies dating to before AD 200 have been found to contain both physiologically processed residues of tobacco and coca, as well as hashish (Cannabis sativa). Hashish is an ancient in the Old World (Parsche et al. 1993)." Dating before AD 200 is inconsistent with Book of Mormon testimony; indicating again, the tremendous defects in the "scientific" use of radiocarbon dating, when compared to valid written record systems. Nevertheless, it is sufficient to say, that later genocidal warfare and cannibalism, as shown clearly in the witnesses of those presenting the history of the Book of Mormon peoples, was truthful, as well as in comparison with present knowledge of post-Columbian Native Cultures. This includes practices of first born infant sacrifices made in tribes in North America. It suggests that voluntary rejection of the fullness of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, beginning circa AD 200, included serious, grave and willful mental impairment, by intentional heavy drug use.
http://www.sino-platonic.org/complete/spp133_precolumbian_voyages.pdf

[To build an atta is to symbolically reproduce the great cosmic home, just as the Creator Wanadi did. The atta’s construction is based on the structure of the cosmos. The central pillar is considered the tree of life that unites the earth to the world above and the world below. The circular beams supporting the roof are called "celestial beams," and the girder that supports the beams is always oriented in relation to the Milky Way.] . . . [Each atta has a central space with a door that faces the rising sun. This position reflects the belief that each new day is a triumph for the deity of the sun.] . . . [The morning ceremony to welcome the dawn – which today only lives in the memories of the very old – was accompanied with dances and the melody of the sacred trumpets.] This reminds me of Temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, with traditional doors facing east and the positioning of the now Angel Moroni on top, looking forward to The Second Coming of Jesus Christ, Our Lord and Master.
http://www.orinoco.org/apg/lopeopleindiv.asp?lang=en&people=yekuana

Post has attachment
Items about the Lord Jesus Christ; Genealogical Research Survey and Recovery of the Lost 116 Pages of Manuscript taken from Joseph Smith, Jr.: The Trails of Deception; Book of Mormon Early Modern English Usage and the Adamic Language Constructive Emendations.
http://public.oed.com/aspects-of-english/english-in-time/early-modern-english-an-overview/

In this history of Joseph Smith, Jr., mention is made that: "Having removed the earth, I obtained a lever, which I got fixed under the edge of the stone, and with a little exertion raised it up. I looked in, and there indeed did I behold the plates, the Urim and Thummim, and the breastplate, as stated by the messenger. The box in which they lay was formed by laying stones together in some kind of cement." So, "Convenient to the village of Manchester, Ontario county, New York, stands a hill of considerable size, and the most elevated of any in the neighborhood. On the west side of this hill, not far from the top, under a stone of considerable size, lay the plates, deposited in a stone box. This stone was thick and rounding in the middle on the upper side, and thinner towards the edges, so that the middle part of it was visible above the ground, but the edge all around was covered with earth." It seems self-evident to me, that once and for all, it would be of archaeological interest, to investigate, this hill of considerable size, on the west side of this hill, and not far from the top, for "some kind of cement" fragments. Since they remained in the earth for around 1400 years, small fragments should remain. Secondly, in 4 Nephi, mention is made that a church was formed which denied the Christ, circa A.D. 210 to A.D. 230, and that people did seek to kill the disciples of Jesus, even as the Jews at Jerusalem sought to kill Jesus, according to his word. Now the point of interest is, the listing of attempts to kill them included casting into prison, into furnaces of fire, into dens of wild beasts; these sufferings are not mentioned in the Biblical texts concerning the trials and tribulations of Jesus Christ. It was not until 260 years had passed away before the wicked part of the people began again, to build up the secret oaths and combinations of Gadianton, which would have then included administration of toxic ingestion; being culturally credible.

The wise men from the east who came into the house where Jesus Christ lived as a young child (St. Matthew, 2:1-11), saw Him with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped Him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto Him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. Gold was sent annually to the Temple at Jerusalem, from communal contributions, suggesting the wise men from the east came as legal and lawful representatives from Syria, Arabia, India or beyond. The presentation of the gift of frankincense, used as part of the exclusive Jewish priesthood Temple rite of sacrifice, at Jerusalem, was a symbolic recognition of the Holy Priesthood Authority of Jesus Christ, as Lord and Royal Master, even as a little child. An audience before King Herod, with his subsequent conference, a large gathering of all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, indicates a diplomatic contact of the highest order, that troubled all in the City of Jerusalem. Now it came to pass that the ninety and first year had passed away and it was six hundred years from the time that Lehi left Jerusalem [A.D. 1]; . . . and Nephi, the son of Helaman, had departed . . . giving charge unto his son Nephi . . . concerning the plates of brass, and all the records which had been kept, and all those things which had been kept sacred from the departure of Lehi out of Jerusalem. Then he departed out of the land, and whither he went, no man knoweth, as mentioned in the Book of Mormon. This Nephi had the Melchizedek priesthood authority and the knowledge to ask: "Where is He that is born King of the Jews?" [correctly translated as: "Where is the child that is born, the Messiah of the Jews? . . . JST Matthew] Nephi's travels back to Jerusalem, were preceded by the shipbuilding of Hagoth, circa 55 B.C., whose colonies of immigrants sailed the west sea [Pacific Ocean], from the narrow neck of land which led into the land northward. . . . Nephi, as the highest holder of the Melchizedek priesthood authority [known to have been on the earth in his day], would have been derelict in his duty, if he had not attended to the birth of the royal leader of his Church, the Messiah Jesus Christ, even Jehovah. Nephi appears to have successfully navigated the Pacific Ocean, preached the fullness of the Gospel concerning the birth of the Messiah, (manifest by heavenly signs and wonders), from India to Palestine, along the ancient Jewish tin distribution route. Thus, he brought Jewish wise men in authority from communal outposts, his entourage of followers, with their precious merchant goods from the East, to Melchizedek priesthood worship at the feet of the child Jesus, at home, in Bethlehem. This trip appears to have been accomplished in one to two years. The priesthood authority of the wise men and their Jewish heritage is clearly established within the historical narrative. Josephus, in his brief passage concerning Jesus, states that the historical Jesus was "a wise man", for He was a doer of wonderful works - a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure. St. Matthew declares that "When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him." And when he later had gathered "the chief priests and scribes of the people together", shows that the wise men first went to the highest priesthood authority within the City of Jerusalem, as King Herod got the word second-hand. Nevertheless, after King Herod had privily [privately] called the wise men, he sent them to Bethlehem, as legal and lawful representatives of both the kingly authority and the full authority of the total priesthood body, representative of the Hebrew Nation, residing in full conference in Jerusalem. "In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet." Only a prophet could legally and lawfully represent Messiah [the prophet Jesus Christ, His Royal Majesty], in Jewish History.
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/tingeo1.htm

The most compelling witness of the association of Jesus Christ and His Jewish heritage comes from His statements in Third Nephi. Everything is Israelite ancestry centered. Beginning in Chapter 19, mention is made that "So great faith have I never seen among all the Jews". Cross comparison with the Quorum of the Twelve at Jerusalem, verifies this, especially since one of His Own apostles was identified by Him as a son of perdition, and was not known as such, except to the Christ. Next, bread and wine were miraculously provided, similar to the feeding of the multitude in Israel. He mentions "that when the words of Isaiah should be fulfilled—behold they are written, ye have them before you, therefore search them"; "And it shall come to pass that I will establish my people, O house of Israel"; "Behold, I am he of whom Moses spake"; "And behold, ye are the children of the prophets; and ye are of the house of Israel; and ye are of the covenant which the Father made with your fathers, saying unto Abraham"; "the Gentiles that they may know concerning this people who are a remnant of the house of Jacob, and concerning this my people who shall be scattered by them". Now this last statement is critical from a historical and genealogical standpoint, because the words of Jesus Christ specifically indicate that the Gentile scattering, which actually occurred in the Post-Columbian past, are all indeed, scatterings of the Israelites. And since this Gentile scattering occurred in all of the areas of North America, Middle America and South America, the Book of Mormon lands, to be all inclusive, must include all Native American Indigenous peoples residing within those areas. Of grave concern is: "For thou shalt break forth on the right hand and on the left, and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles and make the desolate cities to be inhabited." Desolate cities of the Gentiles are "deserted of people and in a state of bleak and dismal emptiness.". Jesus Christ specifically mentions "unto Nephi: Bring forth the record which ye have kept." This is pregnant with information. This is a dual witness that Jesus Christ on the American Continent was the same Jesus Christ that read the scriptures in the synagogues, in the New Testament; that He could write; that within the time it took for Him to "cast his eyes upon them", He was able to absorb and comprehend the whole records laid before Him, and speedily discern their contents and determine what was missing; and this too, in an altered form of language structure; as Jesus commanded that it should be written; therefore it was written according as he commanded. "And it came to pass that he commanded them that they should write the words which the Father had given unto Malachi, which he should tell unto them. And it came to pass that after they were written he expounded them." This is fabulously interesting in three ways. One, Jesus Christ has total memory recall of scriptures. He is a Supreme Judicial Authority. Two, these records were not then available to the descendants of Lehi; noting in history, the prophecy of Malachi was spoken about 430 B.C. This is solid assurance to every faithful Latter-day Saint, of the House of Israel, that all the Children of the Covenant are remembered, are recorded in the Mind of Christ, and will be revealed according to the faithfulness of the Covenant People. Of great interest, is the corresponding relationship between the fact that "a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon his name", and having the spirit of discernment, of knowing right and wrong. . . . "And behold, all things are written by the Father; therefore out of the books which shall be written shall the world be judged."
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/3-ne?lang=eng

Speaking of the inclusion by Jesus Christ, of the record of Samuel the Lamanite, he mentioned (1) "ye shall know of the rising of the sun and also of its setting; therefore they shall know of a surety that there shall be two days and a night; nevertheless the night shall not be darkened; and it shall be the night before he is born; and (2) that a bright new star would appear in the sky. Of the former, mention is noted that "Satan did get great hold upon the hearts of the people upon all the face of the land.". Then, that "And they began to know that the Son of God must shortly appear; yea, in fine, all the people upon the face of the whole earth from the west to the east, both in the land north and in the land south, were so exceedingly astonished that they fell to the earth." Key point: This is not from the west sea to the east sea, nor, from the north sea to the south sea. Therefore, from a genealogical research standpoint, these are all inclusive words, namely: "people upon all the face of the land" and "all the people upon the face of the whole earth from the west to the east, both in the land north and in the land south". Then, "And it came to pass also that a new star did appear, according to the word.". What is interesting to me, from a Book of Mormon archaeology standpoint, is the assertion of "a new star did appear". This subsumes that the general population in the Americas, were already familiar with celestial night sky mapping, and would be able to discern a new star within the patterns of the known Milky Way. This then provides the added historical background for American Israelites understanding navigational skills, having abilities to travel and trade as shown in ancient shipping traditions. "To the Phoenician people belongs the glory of having invented letters and discovered the sciences of astronomy, navigation and the art of war." In Cory's Ancient Fragments, by Isaac Preston Cory, Esq., mention is made of the Greek historian previous to the Christian era, by name called Eupolemus. This Eupolemus notes that in the tenth generation, Abraham lived in Camarina of Babylonia [Urie], a city of the Chaldeans, and was of noble heritage and superior to all others in wisdom. Abraham was stated to be the inventor of astrology and the Chaldaean magic; esteemed of God due to his eminent and recognized piety. Under the direction of the God of Heaven, Abraham removed and lived in Phoenicia, and there taught the Phoenicians the motions of the sun and moon and all other things, for which reason, he was held in great reverence, by the Phoenician King. Louis H. Feldman writes about "Proselytes and "Sympathizers" in the light of the new inscriptions from Aphrodisias", in Revue des Études Juives, CXLVIII (3-4), juillet-decenbre 1989, pp. 265-305; that: "The Jews' reputed skill in astrology may likewise have proved an attraction. The Graeco-Jewish historian Artapanus (ca. 100 B.C.E.) (ap. Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica 9.18.1) states that it was Abraham who taught the Egyptian pharaoh the science of astrology. Similar statements are found in pseudo-Eupolemus (ap. Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica 9.17.8) and Josephus (Antiquities 1.167). Indeed, Hadrian (Scriptores Historiae Augustae, Quadrigae Tyrannorum 8.3) remarks that there is no chief of a synagogue who is not an astrologer (mathematicus), soothsayer (haruspex), or anointer (aliptes). Moreover, in the middle of the second century, Vettius Valens, in his astrological work, Anthologiae (2.28,29), refers to Abraham as a most wonderful astrological authority. Furthermore, Abraham's skill in astrology is mentioned no fewer than four times in Firmicus Maternus' fourth century astrological treatise, the Mathesis (4: Proemium 5, 17.2, 17.5, and 18.1). Firmicus' contemporary Julian (Contra Galileos 356C) remarks that Abraham employed the method of divination from shooting stars and from the flight of birds. Since, we may remark, proselytes are regarded as children of Abraham, himself the first proselyte, they would presumably identify with him as an astrologer." The Brass Plates of Laban had valid, Five Books of Moses history; establishing intellectual wherewithal, to factually create the Book of Mormon Hemispheric Geography; especially, with the celestial sky patterns represented in Abraham, in Facsimile No. 2, of The Pearl of Great Price. Such as . . . 6. Represents this earth in its four quarters. . . . 11, . . . "If the world can find out these numbers, so let it be. Amen. "
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/pgp/abr/fac-2?lang=eng

The Jewish Zohar, (R. Shimon bar Yochai [2nd Century] and his school, the basic work of the Kabbalah), mentions "the Tav makes an impression on the Ancient of Days" (used to represent God or the man Adam). That is, the letter "T", called Taw, the 22nd and the last letter of the Hebrew alphabet, is the Impression, the Seal of Creation, as also represented by the Hexagram Seal of Solomon or the Star of David. It is one of the national symbols, the Flag of Israel, that represents the ancient Jewish identity of the State of Israel. The Tav touches the circle of truth at 4 square points. The co-ordination of square and circle, the two most ancient symbols of earth and heaven, the Universal Sign of the transformation of matter into spirit, death into life, of time into Eternity. The circle was one of the first three symbols used in man's religious teachings. It was looked upon as one of the most sacred [circumcision] of all symbols. In astronomy, it was used to represent [4] corners of the earth, or 4 square points, spoken about by the Ancients. These were the points at which the sun rose and also set when at the northernmost parallel of latitude [Tropic of Cancer--23 degrees 27 minutes north of the equator, at which the sun reaches an altitude of 90 degrees] position. Also, the southernmost [Tropic of Capricorn--23 degrees and 27 minutes south of the equator, at which the sun reaches an altitude of 90 degrees] position, in relation to the circle of the earth. As noted in Theophoric Personal Names in Ancient Hebrew, published in 1988 by Jeaneane D. Fowler, the Hebrew prepositional element 't', as also Phoen.; Palm.; Akk. itti, is defined as with; i.e., God is with us. This is similar to the variations of the Tinney surname found in the book: A Dictionary of the Maori Language, where Tenei means this, near, or connected with the speaker [similar to the meaning given for the Cornish word Thynny: we, us]; and Tini means very many, a host or myriad [endless, an attribute of God]. It appears that this idea of the source of all light has also followed down traditionally in the Tinia variations noted by Edward O'Reilly in An Irish-English Dictionary, published in Dublin, Ireland, in A.D. 1864. The 16th letter of the Irish alphabet is "T" , and ranked among the hard consonants. Also, Tenn: rude; rustic]; also, tender [as in Cornish Tyner: tender], soft [as in Cornish Tene: sucking (too young to be weaned; Cornish Tena: to suck)]; thin [as in Cornish Tanau: thin, slender, small, lean]. tin, s.f., a beginning, fire; [as in Cornish Tan: fire; Cornish Tehan: a firebrand; to light; kindle]; a gross, corpulent, fat [as in Cornish tin or tion, v. to melt or dissolve, O'B. tine, s.f., fire, a link; [the link, the constant attachment there is betwixt the tongue (which is the fire) of the eloquent, and the ears of the audience.] tinn, adj., sick; inflection of teann, brave, etc. Tinne, a. meaning "wonderful, strange"; adv. meaning almost. Tinne, s. meaning "a chain; the name of the letter 'T'." [See: Antiquities, Historical and Monumental, of the County of Cornwall, published 1769, by William Borlase, LL.D., F.R.S., pages 103, 106; also A Cornish-English Vocabulary.]
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/tingeo.htm

KEY ITEMS:
(1) "Behold, I am God and have spoken it; these commandments are of me, and were given unto my servants in their weakness, after the manner of their language, that they might come to understanding."
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/1.24
(2) "some grammatical constructions that are more characteristic of Near Eastern languages than English appear in the original manuscript, suggesting that the base language of the translation was not English"
https://www.lds.org/topics/book-of-mormon-translation?lang=eng&old=true
(3) In the Book of Mormon translation, the servants, in their weakness, included Joseph Smith, Jr.; scribes: his wife Emma Smith, his friend Martin Harris; chief scribe Oliver Cowdery, a schoolteacher; also, John Whitmer.
https://www.lds.org/new-era/2012/09/the-book-of-mormon-from-plates-to-press?lang=eng
https://history.lds.org/article/revelations-in-context-doctrine-and-covenants-john-whitmer?lang=eng
GENEALOGICAL EVALUATION:
(1) Of all of the servants mentioned, no direct indication is given of the manner of their language being that "found in Early Modern English (about 1400 A.D. to 1700 A.D.)", except by indirect access through Biblical readings, for the translator, the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr., scribes Martin Harris and John Whitmer. This leaves some consideration "that they might come to understanding" for servants Emma Smith and schoolteacher Oliver Cowdery.
(2) The Joseph Smith Papers, Collection of Sacred Hymns, 1835, selected by Emma Smith, provide historical evidence, that they, through Early Modern English, collectively, "might come to understanding".
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/collection-of-sacred-hymns-1835/1
Examples in History of Hymns and Hymnary.org, includes:
"Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah", by William Williams (1717-1791)
https://www.umcdiscipleship.org/resources/history-of-hymns-guide-me-o-thou-great-jehovah "O happy souls, that pray where God . . .", by Isaac Watts; etc. (1674-1748)
http://www.hymnary.org/text/o_happy_souls_that_pray_where_god
(3) As far as Oliver Cowdery being a schoolteacher, in [1812 The Common School Act divided towns of the State into school districts and, as amended in 1814, provided for administration and financing of schools, including State aid, local taxes, and tuition fees ("rate bills").] . . . In Manchester, New York, "In these schools should be taught, at least, those branches of education which are indispensably necessary to every person in his intercourse with the world, and to the performance of his duty as a useful citizen. Reading, writing, arithmetic, and the principles of morality, are essential to every person, however humble his situation in life."
http://www.archives.nysed.gov/common/archives/files/ed_researching_school.pdf
http://history.rays-place.com/ny/manchester-ny.htm

For Manchester, New York: "The first school in the town was opened in 1800, and was taught by Elam Crane." From an additional genealogy link, I have, from this secondary source, that: [Elam came to Ontario County, New York shortly after his marriage to his first wife, Anna Bishop. He is said to be a graduate of Yale College, and he was the first teacher employed in Ontario County, New York, "gaining quite an honorable reputation as a promoter of everything pertaining to a high standard of moral and intellectual training. His noble and worthy example proved of great service in shaping the individual character of the community." At the time of his death Elam was a member of the Society of Friends, also known as the "Quakers".] Oliver Cowdery was teaching in Manchester, New York, while Elam was still alive. As for Yale, [a Harvard graduate working in England convinced some 180 prominent intellectuals that they should donate books to Yale. The 1714 shipment of 500 books represented the best of modern English literature, science, philosophy and theology. It had a profound effect on intellectuals at Yale. . . .The Reverend Ezra Stiles, president of the College from 1778 to 1795, brought with him his interest in the Hebrew language as a vehicle for studying ancient Biblical texts in their original language (as was common in other schools), requiring all freshmen to study Hebrew (in contrast to Harvard, where only upperclassmen were required to study the language) and is responsible for the Hebrew phrase אורים ותמים (Urim and Thummim) on the Yale seal.] [During the nineteenth century, when Baron von Humboldt’s curricular ideas started to affect English and American universities, here at Yale the teaching of vernacular and even recent literatures was first taken up along lines that Anglophones were learning to call “philological.”]
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brouwergenealogydata/Freeman/p71.htm#i4395
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yale_University
http://english.yale.edu/about/history-department

Origin, rise, and progress of Mormonism: Biography of its founders and history of its church. Personal remembrances and historical collections hitherto unwritten, by Pomeroy Tucker, mentions [Translations and interpretations were now entered upon by the prophet, and manuscript specimens of these, with some of the literally transcribed characters, were shown to people, including ministers and other gentlemen of learning and influence. These translations purported to relate to the history of scattered tribes of the earth, chiefly "Nephites" and "Lamanites," who, after the confusion of tongues at the Tower of Babel, had been directed by the Lord across the sea to this then wilderness-land, where they mostly perished by wars among themselves, and by pestilence and famine, and from whose remnants sprang our North American Indians. They were an attempted imitation of the Scripture style of composition, ... The manuscripts were in the handwriting of one Oliver Cowdery, which had been written down by him, . . . Among others, Mr. George Crane, of the adjoining town of Macedon, a Quaker of intelligence, property, and high respectability (now deceased), was called upon by Smith with several foolscap quires of these so-called translations, for his perusal and opinion, and also for his pecuniary aid to get the work through the press.] PERTINENT GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH NOTE: It appears, from the comparison and review of Official LDS Church History, that contradictions made in these statements suggest, in a very real way, that portions of the Lost 116 Pages of Manuscript, intentionally corrupted, were not really lost. Why? Because, information herein noted, indicates that they were already being distributed as a hoax, within the region of the restoration of the fullness of the gospel of Jesus Christ, with direct intent to destroy the credibility, as well as the life of the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. Where are they today?
https://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC09549357&id=resQAAAAIAAJ

Briefly, from the very beginning. in the establishment of the translation of the Book of Mormon, diligent attempts were made to have the learned of the world, mainly those of English speaking heritage, to validate the truthfulness of the work before the world. It is now being translated into all languages, as time and abilities permit. At the time of the restoration, as stated clearly above, "the Hebrew language [was used] as a vehicle for studying ancient Biblical texts in their original language (as was common in other schools)". These children of God were ashamed to testify to the world of these facts, even though they had the knowledge and experience and expertise to do so. Martin Harris fell by the way side; Oliver Cowdery was given the opportunity to translate, but was not fully spiritually committed to Jesus Christ, and did not have an "eye" single to His glory, to accomplish this task either. Even Joseph Smith, Jr., got a tongue lashing from God, for trusting in the arm of flesh. Nevertheless, the Lord, to be fair, to be just, to be true, translated the Book of Mormon with Early Modern English "understandings", so that any and all of the learned of the dominant English controlled world, the chief leadership and power force, would intrinsically be compelled from within, if they wished to only listen to the still small voice, be able to testify of its witness; this second witness of the Biblical truths, concerning the concurrent testimony of Jesus Christ, as the Messiah; the Only Begotten and Beloved Son of God. Remember, Remember, that we are talking about a second witness to the Bible witness coming forth from the Jews, Remember, the Great Bible (1535) and the Bishops' Bible (1568), and then, in its "majesty of style", the King James Version begun in 1604 and completed in 1611. Remember, please, that Moroni said: "Behold, I speak unto you as if ye were present, and yet ye are not. But behold, Jesus Christ hath shown you unto me, and I know your doing."

Added Genealogical Research Notation: Speaking of his wife, namely, the wife of Martin Harris, mention is made that [Reading a portion of them to his wife, a Quakeress of positive qualities . . .] In all of these evaluations, it should also be noted that Joseph Smith, Jr. supposedly claimed, via Oliver B. Huntington, concerning "the moon was inhabited by men and women". "He described the men as averaging nearly six feet in height, and dressing quite uniformly in something near the Quaker style". From the History of Joseph Smith by his Mother, Chapter 35, is noted: [Quaker: “No, I will not wait one hour; and if thou dost not pay me immediately, thou shalt go forthwith to the jail, unless”-running to the fireplace and making violent gestures with his hands towards the fire “thou wilt burn up those Books of Mormon; but if thou wilt burn them up, then I will forgive thee the whole debt.”] By all accounts, at this time in the history of the restoration, bitter hostility against the Book of Mormon, arose in various individuals associated with the Quakers. Thus, the Lost 116 Pages of Manuscript, intentionally corrupted, should be found within their present possession, somewhere in the world.
https://prophetjosephsmith.org/history_mother_menu/history_mother_35
https://books.google.com/books?id=vmPUAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA169&lpg=PA169&dq=%E2%80%9Cthou+wilt+burn+up+those+Books+of+Mormon;+but+if+thou+wilt+burn+them+up,+then+I+will+forgive+thee+the+whole+debt.%E2%80%9D&source=bl&ots=g_Fl1vosq4&sig=zvi_5pSXMOhfhKmsBh-0QsrstFM&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj19vHOzLnSAhVD22MKHV54DM4Q6AEIITAB#v=onepage&q=%E2%80%9Cthou%20wilt%20burn%20up%20those%20Books%20of%20Mormon%3B%20but%20if%20thou%20wilt%20burn%20them%20up%2C%20then%20I%20will%20forgive%20thee%20the%20whole%20debt.%E2%80%9D&f=false

That witnesses claim Lucy Harris burned the 116 pages is inconsistent with Doctrine and Covenants, Section 10, wherein it is stated "that you may escape the hands of the servants of Satan that do uphold his work. Behold, they have sought to destroy you; yea, even the man in whom you have trusted has sought to destroy you. And for this cause I said that he is a wicked man, for he has sought to take away the things wherewith you have been entrusted; and he has also sought to destroy your gift. And because you have delivered the writings into his hands, behold, wicked men have taken them from you." . . . "And, behold, Satan hath put it into their hearts to alter the words which you have caused to be written, or which you have translated, which have gone out of your hands. And behold, I say unto you, that because they have altered the words, they read contrary from that which you translated and caused to be written; . . . " Logic says the wife of Martin Harris was a female; therefore Jesus Christ is NOT talking about Lucy Harris, and the idea that they were burned by Lucy Harris would controvert their already designated effort that "altered the words, they read contrary from that which you translated and caused to be written" .Lucy Mack Smith tends in her history to directly blame Mrs. Harris for a lot of things; nevertheless, the Lord Jesus Christ directly blames Martin Harris. He is a wicked man because Martin Harris tried (a), to destroy Joseph Smith, Jr. and (b), to take away his things wherewith he had been entrusted, and (c), sought to destroy his gift. So all of the claimed witnesses are false or uninformed witnesses concerning the "burning" incident. In fact, the record clearly indicates the pleadings of Martin Harris, to satisfy his wife Lucy, were superficial, as to the real intent of his heart, mind and desire. To put it more directly, he was intensely jealous of the capacities and gifts of Joseph Smith, Jr.
Lucy Harris was born 01 May 1792, Smithfield, Providence, Rhode Island; daughter of Rufus Harris and Lucy Hill, who were affiliated with the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). Logic says that since Martin Harris did not find the records, when he looked for them, and, as the persons who distorted the records themselves were men; therefore, wicked men, have taken them. either by direct theft, or by the aid and assistance of Lucy Harris, who herself denied this form of deceit. Martin Harris "Reportedly investigated Quakers, Universalists, Restorationists, Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians". The preponderance of evidence indicates relevant Quaker contact with Oliver Cowdery and Martin Harris families; while, at the same time, relevant Quaker contact was most brutal against the Joseph Smith, Sr. family, who, were not properly informed or allowed to be in the inner circle of "friends" of Martin Harris or Lucy Harris, or, observe the 116 page manuscript.
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/person/lucy-harris-harris
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/person/martin-harris

By the process of genealogical prosopographies, of the case at hand; i.e., "a study of a collection of persons or characters, especially their appearances, careers, personalities, etc., within a historical, literary, or social context." [Research has indicated that there is an association between hostile attribution bias and aggression, such that people who are more likely to interpret someone else's behavior as hostile are also more likely to engage in aggressive behavior.] Pomeroy Tucker was an antagonistic author, and was highly critical of Joseph Smith, Jr. and the religion he restored to the earth, by the merits of Jesus Christ and the love of God the Father, Ahman. Pomeroy Tucker, was a brother-in-law of Egbert B. Grandin. Pomery Tucker made many false charges against the Smith family, as did some local Quakers; by deeds also. Of particular interest, is: "frequently occurring nocturnal depredations and thefts in the neighborhood", attributed indirectly to them, by he whom was writing things down with no malice of forethought. Since the Smith family was innocent of these charges, made in actual malice, it becomes, by reverse attribution, a characteristic of the said Pomeroy Tucker, who was the chief architect himself, of the theft of the currently Lost 116 Pages of Manuscript, taken from Joseph Smith, Jr., in collaboration with other malicious but prominent men, who then altered the words, so that they read contrary to what Joseph Smith, Jr. translated and caused to be written. It appears to me, therefore, from a genealogical research perspective, that Journalist and New York politician Pomeroy Tucker (1802-1870), wrote his book, Origin, Rise, and Progress of Mormonism (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1867), as a perfidious attempt to cover up his own tracks and wrongdoings. Thus, Palmyra printer Pomeroy Tucker was a self-perjured source for information relative to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, to the Joseph Smith, Sr. family, in particular, as well as to any attempt to positively alleviate the ignorance and prejudices of the communities for which he so ignobly served, within the State of New York; mingling factual evidences at times, to persuade all parties that he was an epitome: an unbiased editor.
https://www.lds.org/ensign/1980/07/discovery?lang=eng
http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865661314/First-edition-Book-of-Mormon-belonging-to-press-foreman-up-for-auction.html
https://books.google.com/books?id=5QcdAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA496&lpg=PA496&dq=%22existing+as+they+did+from+year+to+year+in+this+thriftless+manner%22&source=bl&ots=caLlSbWF27&sig=9_Q83869qEmItUGCOL-MG5CUTzo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjj1_7JvL7SAhUH32MKHYvbDFgQ6AEIHzAC#v=onepage&q=%22existing%20as%20they%20did%20from%20year%20to%20year%20in%20this%20thriftless%20manner%22&f=false
http://mormonhistoricsites.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Mr.-Harris-as-an-Honest-Man.pdf
ITEM (1) For the Sum of Three Thousand Dollars
Pomeroy Tucker, former editor of the Wayne Sentinel, gave his personal assessment of the financial crisis thus created: "Harris was the only man of property or credit known in all Mormondom; and, as will appear, he happened to be exactly the appropriate subject for the prophet's designs; for without his timely aid and pecuniary sacrifice the Golden Bible would probably have remained forever an unpublished romance." . . . In days past, Martin had shown fervor for more religious causes than what young Smith espoused. Antagonist E. D. Howe stated, "[Martin] was first an orthodox Quaker, then a Universalist, next a Restorationer, then a Baptist, next a Presbyterian, and then a Mormon." . . . To friend Pomeroy Tucker, he was a searcher and scripturalist of sorts. He read "the Scriptures intently, and could probably repeat from memory nearly every text of the Bible from beginning to end, giving chapter and verse in each case," reported Tucker.
http://publications.mi.byu.edu/publications/jbms/14/2/S00004-For_the_Sum_of_Three_Thousand_Dollars.html
ITEM: (2) The New York State Assembly chambers are located in the Capitol Building. Most Assembly offices are in the Capitol, Legislative Office Building and Agency Building 4. These buildings are all part of the Empire State Plaza complex in downtown Albany, New York.
http://nyassembly.gov/directions/
ITEM (3) STATE ASSEMBLY REPRESENTATIVES, WAYNE, NEW YORK
1837 Jan. 3 - May 16
David Arne, Jr.
Pomeroy Tucker
http://files.usgwarchives.net/ny/wayne/history/assembly.txt
ITEM (4)
Lucy Rogers, passed away on 07 Aug 1893, in Albany, New York
https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=43329055
http://www.ancestry.com/genealogy/records/lucy-rogers_81302336

Further genealogical research conclusions:
(1) The information contained in the Lost 116 Pages of Manuscript is not inconsequential. It is invaluable, in and of itself, in its uncorrupted form. This is self evident from the fact that Martin Harris was using a lot of his own money in the process.
http://www.marvelousworkandawonder.com/tsp/download/LEHI.pdf
(2) Belief systems incapacitate individuals from seeing things as they are, if they are based on lack of faith or misinformation. "it is said Lucy Harris burned the altered 116 pages" has been carried forth throughout the Harris family, even with descendants in high positions in the Church today, as well as in reviews of LDS ongoing publications; very sadly, even though it directly contradicts the words of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, in Doctrine and Covenants, Section 10. http://harrisfamilynews.com/MartinHarrisEssay.htm
(3) [In 1867, Pomeroy Tucker, who knew the Harrises, wrote that Lucy Harris burned the 116 pages in a potbelly stove in the middle of the night to hide her role in the theft and alteration of the manuscript.] This is a perjury in fact. Again, it is contradicted by the revelation of the Lord Jesus Christ, and Jesus Christ is The God of Truth and cannot lie. Pomeroy Tucker, thus stating, that "Thus exercised, she contrived, in her husband's sleep, to steal from him the particular source of her disturbance, and burned the manuscript to ashes.", is nothing more or less than dime store, romantic novel reproduction, since it insidiously implies that the said Pomeroy Tucker had intimate, private contact with the said Lucy Harris, wife of his so called best friend, Martin Harris, who kept her secret desires from Martin Harris, and revealed them only to him. Pomeroy Tucker further made false accusations against Joseph Smith, Jr., concerning this same type of lustful, mental dysfunction, and thus identified the Book of Mormon as "romance"; i.e., "for without his timely aid and pecuniary sacrifice the Golden Bible would probably have remained forever an unpublished romance".
http://mormonhistoricsites.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/NJ9.1_James.pdf
(4) Tenny, Diggory, from Calendar of State Papers- Colonial, beginning A.D. 1574; Vol. 18, A.D. 1700, page 209, Tenny, Diggory, under date of 28 Apr 1700 - - Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania, USA], "William Penn to the Council of Trade and Plantations" NOTE: Diggory Tenny & Capt. Kidd There came lately to my notice this information, that when Capt. Kidd was off our capes, there went on board one Geo. Thomson, Peter Lewis, Henry Stretcher, Willm. Orr, and Diggory Tenny from Lewis in Sussex. [Lewes in Sussex County, present State of Delaware]; the three first stayed on board 24 hours, the two last but an hour, but both companies brought goods on shore, I hear to the value of 300 - [pound], which they concealed and sold as they could dispose of them. Some are yet in their custody. Thomson, Lewis and Orr were under suspicion of being old pirates, whose camerades have long sown themselves in Boston, Road Island, New York, Jersey, Pensilvania, Maryland, Virginia and Carolina, where their Capt., one Reiner, now lives, and Col. Quary tells me, he bought their ship. They were 84 in company; here are five of them in this Government, but three of them have followed a life of husbandry, turning planters, the other have trades. I knew not of this action till this day three weeks, and dispatched away the Sherif of this county with orders to the magistrates and Sherif of Sussex County, near one of the capes, 150 miles from this place, to take again into custody the said Thomson, Lewis and Orr, as also Stretcher, having seized Tenny here, (for Thomson, Lewis and Orr were then upon bail, having been apprehended by my order two months before upon old stories.). They all affirm they knew not it was Kidd, but Samuel Wood, who, with four men, came on shore to mend an iron belonging to the boom of the sloop, pretending they were come from Antigua and bound up for Philadelphia with sugar, rum and molasses, and that Sam. Wood was Master, one that had been Master of a sloop formerly in this river. I have examined the men, all now in gaol here; they plead their willingness to get a penny, after being plundered, as was all the town, by a French privateer but a year before, not knowing of any proclamation against Kidd, and that they had the goods of Sam. Wood and one Gillam, and that it was not purchase but gift. But I find whatever they sold, half should be theirs. They offer to deliver up the goods they had, or value, and give good security to behave well, and to be forthcoming when the King's commands shall be known. It is true they are poor and married men and have children, but such men must not be endured to live near the sea-coasts nor trade, lest they become receptacles and broakers for younger pirates. Our present law will hardly reach them, looking only forward for such as commerce with pirates; our former, that would have done it, being disliked at home, was repealed, and the General Assembly that made the last would by no means look back, lest honest people might be affected, since many of those reputed pirates had some years ago been permitted to live in this and other Provinces, on condition that they left them not without leave and behaved well while they staid. I wait the King's Orders about them. I have them all under good bonds, and so suffer them to live with their families on their plantations till I receive further directions . . . [Research Note: Tenneye/Tenny, Degary/Degory, was born and chr: 24 Feb 1668, Saint Minver, Cornwall, England; Son of Richard Tenneye/Tenny and Grace Marshayle.]*
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/tingeo3.htm
http://www.mormonthink.com/grantpalmer/grant11.htm
*The point (4) is two fold: (1) to show contemporary data for Capt. Kidd, outside of dime store novels, as reported in a Colonial Record, and (2), to return to the subject of Early Modern English. "Our own tung shold be written cleane and pure, vnmixt and vnmangeled with borowing of other tunges. Sir John Cheke, in his letter to Thomas Hoby, printed at the end of Hoby’s translation of Castiglione’s Courtier (1561)." [The 1561 English translation by Thomas Hoby had a great influence on the English upper class's conception of English gentlemen.] Of great interest to the discussion at hand: "Old English (or Anglo-Saxon) began to be studied during this period. Manuscripts were collected and Old English texts published. . . . The original motivations for the undertaking were mixed: either to demonstrate the continuity of the Church of England, to show that the English legal system descended from Anglo-Saxon law, or to support the cause of biblical translation." Book of Mormon inclusion of Early Modern English, is an intellectual bridge "to support the cause of biblical translation", from Old English, through the understood common English language translated by Joseph Smith, Jr.
http://public.oed.com/aspects-of-english/english-in-time/early-modern-english-an-overview/

This is further verified by: [The arrival of printing marks the point at which the language began to take the first steps toward standardization and its eventual role as a national language. The period from 1500 to about 1650 is called Early Modern English, a period during which notable sound changes, syntactic changes and lexical enrichment took place. . . . A rush of new vocabulary from the classical languages, the modern European languages, and more distant trading partners such as the countries of Asian minor and the Middle East entered the language as the renaissance influences of culture and trade and the emerging scientific community of Europe took root in England. . . . Among the common people, whose contact with literature often did not go far past the Bible, the language of the scriptures as presented in this version commissioned by King James I was deeply influential, due in part to its religious significance, but also to its literary quality. . . . Colonization of new territories by the newly united Kingdom of Great Britain spread English to the far corners of the globe and brought cargoes of still more loanwords from those far-flung places.]
http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words04/history/

All language constructs should be evaluated upon the primary legal premise of why the Book of Mormon was brought forth in the first place. [“It was not until 1650, by An Act for Turning the Books of the Law, and all Processes and Proceedings in Courts of Justice into English (455 (1650 11 Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum) that English became the official language of the law” . . . As legal practice progressed through the EMnE period, the codification of legal precedent into statue began to provide a body of knowledge from which standard spelling might more easily evolve. Moreover, as the lexicon drew in strong influences of other writing forms and then decontextualised and deregionalised them, it also provided a form of lexical levelling. Using language that is precise enough so as not to lead to ambiguity, yet general enough to cover a vast range of potential cases was, and is, one of the law’s most important mandates.] Joseph Smith, Jr. had absolutely no technical legal expertise, whatsoever. Of this, no competent human being can deny. Yet, the very thrust of the whole of the Book of Mormon is to be a "witness". As such, it is a Holy Legal Primary Source Document. Thus, using the words of Moroni, “I would exhort you that ye would ask God, the Eternal Father, in the name of Christ, if these things are not true; and if ye shall ask with a sincere heart, with real intent, having faith in Christ, he will manifest the truth of it unto you, by the power of the Holy Ghost” . . . "Moroni announced that he will face us on Judgment Day in defense of his words (see Moro. 10:27). This he will do, together with his book, for out of the books we shall be judged, and the Book of Mormon is one of those books." Calendar of State Papers- Colonial, beginning A.D. 1574; Vol. 18, A.D. 1700, page 209, is an example of a period legal document, as [found in Early Modern English (about 1400 A.D. to 1700 A.D.).] [Desk dictionaries today usually define words lexically in terms of our mental representations of the things they denote. In the early modern period, however, man had not yet become the measure of all things. Adam was not thought to have invented God’s creatures; he was believed only to have invented names for them. Man’s words remained the servants of God’s nature, naming them, not devising their very identity and meaning as if human beings were creating the world in which they lived. Rastell and his contemporaries believed that words denoted things that embodied the laws of God, of God in the king, and of the king in the statutes as legislated by Parliament. This theory of representation, I believe, dominates early modern English.]
http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1187&context=yjlh
http://www.lingref.com/cpp/hel-lex/2005/paper1342.pdf
http://homes.chass.utoronto.ca/~cpercy/courses/6362Barleben1.htm
https://www.lds.org/general-conference/1978/10/the-last-words-of-moroni?lang=eng

Here is my recapitulation of the matter, at present, including minor spelling or punctuation corrections, I noted in the process. Added professional genealogical research specialist comment only: The Lord requires strict accountability to His word, for blessings to follow. The Lord said: "Behold, there shall be a record kept among you; and in it thou [Joseph Smith] shalt be called a seer, a translator, a prophet, and apostle of Jesus Christ, an elder of the church through the will of God the Father, and the grace of your Lord Jesus Christ, being inspired of the Holy Ghost to lay the foundations thereof, and to build it up unto the most holy faith" (D&C 21:1-2). You have previously mentioned on this list, that: [To delve further into the dynamics of translation is interesting, though. No one really knows the specific mechanics, powers, and forces in operation when it comes to the Urim & Thummim, or the seer stone.] To this I reply clearly, that: "President Nelson explained that after members sustain a man (presently President Thomas S. Monson) as President of the Church, they also sustain him and his counselors in the First Presidency and members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles as prophets, seers, and revelators." Even though the office of seership includes the power to translate ancient scripture; by order of directive from Jesus Christ, beginning with Joseph Smith, Jr., and in all future general conferences of the Church, if all these so mentioned, prophets, seers, and revelators, are sustained by the general body of the Church, as "a seer, a translator, a prophet, and apostle of Jesus Christ, an elder of the church through the will of God the Father, and the grace of your Lord Jesus Christ", then there would be no question in your mind, or others, concerning who would be able, by direct appointment of the First Presidency, to become acquainted with, to understand " the specific mechanics, powers, and forces in operation when it comes to the Urim & Thummim, or the seer stone." The same holds true with the Official calling to LDS office of church patriarch, within Hyrum Smith's family lineage, who was the brother of Joseph Smith, Jr., created by revelation, restoration in Melchizedek priesthood authority of the legal independent final word: High Priest Patriarchal Judge. Equivalent in American government, to the Supreme Court of the United States of America. It judicially stands next to the LDS First Presidency, as the Supreme Court stands next to the Presidency of the United States of America. The Melchizedek priesthood Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and the First Quorum of Seventy, preside in similar manner as the American national legislative bodies, the United States Senate and House of Representatives. Foundations of government were divinely established in the Charters of Freedom of the United States of America. All seers are entitled by right of their calling and office, to have direct access to the Urim and Thummim. In the case of former Church Patriarch Emeritus, the rightful heir of Hyrum Smith was Eldred G. Smith. No other family in the history of the Church has suffered more for the cause of Jesus Christ, than the Smith family, and Hyrum Smith was Assistant President of the Church before he was martyred in cold blood. What thanks do they get for their sacrifices? How are they honored, to stand as heritage representatives of the Ancient Patriarchal Order, beginning with Adam and Eve? No! Eldred G. Smith was to become the last remaining vestige of authority, like a removed appendix from the body of Christ, to validate through direct revelation, celestial genealogies, for reattaching ancient records to modern records, for the sealing of Priesthoods. Deceased 04 Apr 2013. What a grave injustice to the Smith Family, for without Joseph Smith, Jr., his faith and charity in willingly going to the chambers of death, we would have lost much. So, I ask: For what doth it profit a man if a gift is bestowed upon him, and he receive not the gift? [The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints] Behold, he rejoices not in that which is given unto him, neither rejoices in him who is the giver of the gift. "I could pray in my heart that all my brethren were like unto my beloved brother Hyrum, who possessed the mildness of a lamb, and the integrity of a Job, and in short, the meekness and humility of Christ; and I love him with that love that is stronger than death." Patriarch to the Church and Assistant President of the Church: 24 January 1841. As to my interests, I am still doing a follow-up on Pomeroy Tucker, as it relates to, all things concerning 02 Jan 1837, [Having failed to receive a charter, due to political attitudes against Mormons and banking in general, the church's bank is reestablished as the Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking Company, a joint-stock association. . . . November: The Kirtland Safety Society closes, overextended and unable to resolve its debts amidst the Panic of 1837. Many who suffered loses blamed church leaders, and disillusionment was widespread in Kirtland. . . . Many people are excommunicated from the church for various reasons, including Martin Harris, one of the Three Witnesses, because he supported a movement to reform and reorganize the church over the Kirtland bank failure.] [On the 25th day of February, 1837, . . . I, Pomeroy Tucker, do solemnly swear that I will support . . . .] I am led to believe that the Lost 116 Pages of Manuscript is secretly deposited somewhere, in someone's undisclosed safe deposit box; with Quaker contacts.
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=10155183310176424&id=261975771423
https://byustudies.byu.edu/content/from-darkness-unto-light-joseph-smiths-translation-and-publication-book-mormon
https://www.lds.org/church/news/viewpoint-general-conference-is-opportunity-to-sustain-gods-chosen-apostles?lang=eng
http://www.academic-genealogy.com/ancientandmoderngenealogies.htm
https://rsc.byu.edu/archived/prophets-and-apostles-last-dispensation/assistant-presidents-church/2-hyrum-smith
https://www.lds.org/general-conference/2006/10/prophets-in-the-land-again?lang=eng
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mormonism_in_the_19th_century
https://books.google.com/books?id=W0YbAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA231&lpg=PA231&dq=pomeroy+tucker+1837+banks+wayne+county&source=bl&ots=RqF_K7maqT&sig=vx23EUYQbbBzkm_7Ulb5yUGzkkE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiR1LC3q8LSAhUW_mMKHUlqCCUQ6AEIITAB#v=onepage&q=pomeroy%20tucker%201837%20banks%20wayne%20county&f=false

What is interesting to me, in reading this article, "Kish and Zenock, [What's] in a name? ", is the mention that "Different versions of the name were used by the Jaredites such as Akish and Riplakish". Breaking these apart, we have the idea of A kish and Ripla kish., or rip la kish. There seems to be a similar pattern in the Grammar and Alphabet of the Egyptian Language, circa July-circa December 1835. For example, there is Ah lish. defined as The first Being - supreme intelligence; supreme power; supreme glory: supreme Justice; supreme Mercy without beginning of life or end of life comprehending all things, seeing all things: the invisible and eternal godhead. Now, this same pattern is found in the word for Abraham; namely, Ah brah oam - a father of Many nations a prince of peace, One who keeps the commandments of God. A patriarch a rightful heir, a high priest. So this excites me, from a genealogical research standpoint, since, there is mathematical constructs in the said Alphabet, expanding or decreasing the value or significance of characters; etc.
http://inthecavityofarock.blogspot.com/2012/08/kish-and-zenock-whats-in-name.html
http://www.bmaf.org/articles/names_maya_glyphs__johnson
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/grammar-and-alphabet-of-the-egyptian-language-circa-july-circa-december-1835/9
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/grammar-and-alphabet-of-the-egyptian-language-circa-july-circa-december-1835/8
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/grammar-and-alphabet-of-the-egyptian-language-circa-july-circa-december-1835/7
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Grammar_%26_Alphabet_of_the_Egyptian_Language

There is a Sample of Pure Language, between circa 4 and circa 20 March 1832. What is of compelling interest to me, is that, "What is the name of God in pure Language" Answer is Awmen. [Compare: Yahweh] Broken apart, this is Aw men: or Aw man, or Ah Man or again Ahman. So, then this becomes compared with the Grammar and Alphabet of the Egyptian Language, where it in turn is given as Ah lish; sort of like the "kish" wording; Middle Eastern, [see reference below]. Aaron and Levi and Noah are also Jaredite, as well as Middle Eastern originals.
http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/sample-of-pure-language-between-circa-4-and-circa-20-march-1832/1

Continuing then, we have in the History of Brigham Young, that "in my prayer I spoke in tongues. . . ." Joseph Smith, Jr. validated that "it was the pure Adamic language". This in interesting on two levels, concerning translation of records, since it indicates (1) That Joseph Smith, Jr. clearly understood and comprehended the speaking of the said language of Adam, upon hearing it, "as it is of God"; suggesting therefore, that interpretation of tongues is part and parcel of the process of translation of records, from Ancient to Modern Languages. Also, (2), mention is made that "For behold, the language which ye shall write I have confounded; wherefore I will cause in my own due time that these stones shall magnify to the eyes of men these things which ye shall write." The critical word, in my mind, is "magnify". It would take a tremendous amount of magnification, for the sealed record to contain, (in ye size it is known to have been shown to witnesses in the latter days), to comprehensively and exactingly include this: "And when the Lord had said these words, he showed unto the brother of Jared all the inhabitants of the earth which had been, and also all that would be; and he withheld them not from his sight, even unto the ends of the earth." This same type of expansive increase in words and their various mathematical increases or decreases in thought presentation, as well as number of words to be expanded into, to mathematically, fully cover the meaning of the interpretations, is show also in the Grammar and Alphabet of the Egyptian Language. Elizabeth Ann Whitney "received the gift of singing inspirationally, and the first Song of Zion ever given in the pure language was sung by me then, [in the Kirtland Temple], and interpreted by Parley P. Pratt, and written down . . ." In a discourse by Elder Orson Pratt, the mathematical constructs in the Adamic language, which also appear to be handed down into the language shown in the Grammar and Alphabet of the Egyptian Language, are shown in: [The first question is, “What is the name of God in the pure language?” The answer says, “Ahman.” “What is the name of the Son of God?” Answer, “Son Ahman—the greatest of all the parts of God excepting Ahman.” “What is the name of men?” “Sons Ahman,” is the answer. “What is the name of angels in the pure language?” “Anglo-man.” This revelation goes on to say that Sons Ahman are the greatest of all the parts of God excepting Son Ahman and Ahman, and that Anglo-man are the greatest of all the parts of God excepting Sons Ahman, Son Ahman, and Ahman, showing that the angels are a little lower than man.] Thus, just like the constructs in the Grammar show similarity to basic Adamic constructs, so too, the Jaredite word constructs should give additional information and suggestions to these same Adamic constructs. Thus, the loss of purity in verbal communication, at the tower of Babel, further indicates a severe loss in mathematical computational capacity (construction became mathematically infeasible), as well as the ability to describe or testify of truths; when speaking by the use of current modern languages. That is why today, any person speaking by the authority of the Holy Priesthood, or representatives thereof, must speak, as moved upon by the power of the Holy Ghost, as this is the only way that spirit speaks to spirit, without any interference from or through the physical body; from soul to soul the truth is conveyed, indelible writing, upon the mind and heart, marks that cannot be removed, like an iron pen upon the intellect and feelings, not able to be forgotten, ineradicable, unfading, ingrained and permanent; this is the language to be learned before the second coming of Jesus and His Hosts of Heaven, for proper communication to be established directly between prepared mankind and angels of light.
https://web.archive.org/web/20110612023524/http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cgi-bin/showfile.exe?CISOROOT=/MStar&CISOPTR=7661&filename=7662.pdf
https://web.archive.org/web/20071025132953/http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cgi-bin/showfile.exe?CISOROOT=/WomansExp&CISOPTR=6638&filename=6639.pdf
http://jod.mrm.org/2/334
https://www.lds.org/scriptures/bofm/ether/3.21-28?lang=eng#20

There are interesting cross comparisons and word segments: between Pagag and Pa gag and Gog and Ma gog and Hebrew Gog u-Magog (Magog son of Japheth son of Noah; of which Jap <heth has Jaredite naming segment>) and between Hebrew Peleg and Pe leg and Páleg and Septuagint Phaleg {also being the root lettering for sailing (lehaflig להפליג), as it relates to the firstborn son of the brother of Jared, Pagag, which brother did a lot of sailing (wind driven), his propelled craft essentially on the surface of the water, over a chosen course, a larger god directed plan of navigational course defined with respect to the true wind direction, or point of sail}, and Ragau and Ra gau the son of Peleg; Jaredite names of: Ahan and Ah an and Ahah and Mahah and Orihah, Amgid and Am gid, Amnigaddah and Am ni gad dah, Mahonri Moriancumer and Morianton and Cumorah, Cohor and Co hor [and Kokan] and Cor i hor [Nephite Korihor], Com and koum, Coriantor and Coriantum and Coriantumr, Corom and Esrom, Emer and Omer, Ethem and Ether, Gilead and Gilgah, Hearthom and Heth, Jacom and Ja com and Jared and Ja red and Shared, Kib and Lib, Kim and Kimnor, Kish and [Kishkumen - leader of Nephite Gadianton robbers; Kish ku men appears definitely Adamic; which said connection, would definitely tie into all Lamanite descending, king ruled civilizations], Moron and Nephite Moroni, Nimrah and [Nimrod king of Shinar (Mesopotamia), was, according to the Book of Genesis and Books of Chronicles, the son of Cush, the great-grandson of Noah (of which Cush relates to Kish). In the Book of Mormon, the Valley of Nimrod is the place where the Jaredites gathered with their friends and family after God confounded the languages at the Tower of Babel.], Noah and Noah of the Ark fame in the Bible, Seth and Seth of the Bible, Shez and Shiblom and Shule; etc.
http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/bap/bap20.htm
http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/bap/
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