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Vijith Vijayasekaran (Dr Vij)
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Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon

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Fundamentals of Anti-Ageing Skin Care

The aging process occurs in all organs but is most obvious in the skin.

There are two processes in skin aging. Intrinsic aging is related to genetic make up and varies between individuals. Extrinsic skin aging is related to external factors and can be altered by reducing exposure to these factors.

Sun exposure is the main extrinsic factor and up to 80% of skin aging has been attributed to sun exposure, known as photo ageing.

Other extrinsic factors include smoking, alcohol and poor nutrition.

Photo ageing occurs most prominently in highly exposed areas such as the face and chest. The appearance of photoaged skin includes freckles, wrinkles, hyper pigmentation (darkening), patchy hypo pigmentation (lightening), loss of tone and elasticity, skin fragility, areas of purpura (purple or red discolourations) and the appearance of benign skin lesions such as keratosis, telangiectasia (spider veins) and skin tags.

Photo aging can be reduced through good skin care.

The three most clinically proven skin treatments to assist in protecting the skin against premature photo ageing are:

1. Sunscreen (SPF 30+): as sun avoidance is difficult in Perth, use of sunscreen with the highest SPF factor available is a critical part of a daily skin care regimen.

2. Topical Vitamin A (Retinoids): a number of clinic trials have shown improvement in photo aged skin (clinically and histologically) in patients using retinoids. There is also evidence that retinoids can improve intrinsically aged skin.

3. Topical Vitamin C: is a potent anti oxidant that helps protect skin from harmful environmental stressors by neutralizing free radicals on the skin before they cause damage.

A long term skin care regimen which includes the above treatments will help reduce the effects of photo ageing and may also reduce the incidence of benign skin cancers.

Our qualified dermal therapists at Assure Cosmetic Centre can provide free skin consultations and a skin care regimen if you are interested. I would encourage you to pursue improved skin care whether at Assure or another clinically based skin treatment clinic.

Dr Vijith Vijayasekaran
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeon
MBBS FRACS AM

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