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LAWSUIT!™ board game is an award-winning, fun, educational board game for the whole family!
LAWSUIT!™ board game is an award-winning, fun, educational board game for the whole family!

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On This Date in Legal History

On this date in 1950 the United States Supreme Court decided Sweatt v. Painter. The case arose after Heman Sweatt applied to the University of Texas Law School on February 26, 1946. The President of the University, Theophilus Painter, acknowledged Sweatt was “duly qualified for admission" but rejected his application because he was African-American. Sweatt sued and his case reached the Supreme Court where the Justices unanimously found the law school’s admission policy violated the Equal Protection clause.

The facts in the Sweatt case are thoroughly set forth in an amicus curiae brief filed 62 years later in the case Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin. You can read the brief @ http://bit.ly/1Qx7ORj.

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President Truman nominated Fred M. Vinson to be the 13th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court on this date in 1946. The Senate confirmed his nomination, and on June 24, 1946, he was sworn in. He served on the Court for seven years. During his tenure he dealt with many hotbed issues including racial segregation. He authored both the McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education et al, and Sweatt v. Painter et al decisions. See http://www.lawsuitgame.com/blog/?p=6994#sthash.tUTohjqP.dpbs. To learn more about Chief Justice Vinson, go to http://www.supremecourthistory.org.
#sschat #SocialStudies #PoliticalScience #OnThisDay #OnThisDayInHistory

On June 5, 1950, the United States Supreme Court handed down two decisions that dealt with racial segregation in higher learning institutions. In McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education et al, an African-American student, who was working towards a doctorate in education, alleged his constitutional rights were violated when he was assigned to sit in a particular row designated for “colored students” in class, in the library and at the cafeteria. The Court held that it was unconstitutional to treat students differently solely on the basis of a student’s race. In Sweatt v. Painter et al, the University of Texas Law School refused to admit an African-American student (solely) based on his race. Another law school established by the state for African-Americans did admit him, but he refused to register claiming that the school was inferior. The Court sided with him finding that the University of Texas Law School was “superior," and ordered that he be admitted.
#sschat #SocialStudies #PoliticalScience #Games4Ed #EducateToParticipate

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On June 4, 1990, the United States Supreme Court decided Board of Education of Westside Community Schools v. Mergens. The case involved public high school students who tried to create a student-led, voluntary, Christian bible study club. The students intended to meet after hours on school grounds, but the school board denied their request to form the club. They felt the club would violate the Establishment Clause. The students sued the Board of Education and the United States Supreme Court found in their favor. You can read the entire decision @ http://bit.ly/1BN3HtC, and watch an informative video regarding this landmark case at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7l4_01VbfIY. #SCOTUS #civics #sschat #OnThisDay #OnThisDayInHistory #Games4Ed #EducateToParticipate #PoliticalScience #SocialStudies

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On June 3, 2011, Dr. Jack Kevorkian, dubbed "Doctor Death," passed away. He was the first American doctor to aggressively advocate for physician-assisted suicide. He assisted many terminally ill individuals die, using an unconventional method-- homemade suicide machines. In 1999, he was convicted of second-degree murder when he represented himself in court . PBS has an informative timeline that traces his life and work as a crusader in this controversial area at http://goo.gl/HfoQaK. In addition, HBO is showing a movie now about him, and the legal challenges he faced-- "You Don't Know Jack." CNN has an informative article, Physician-Assisted Suicide Fast Facts. It summarizes the various state laws in this area at http://goo.gl/1veZJJ. #sschat #SocialStudies #OnThisDay #OnThisDayInHistory #civics

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On June 2, 1924, Congress passed legislation that granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the United States. The Act authorized the Secretary of the Interior to issue certificates of citizenship. Read the original document here @ http://todaysdocument.tumblr.com/post/6106211097/june-2-act-to-grant-citizenship-to-indians-act. #sschat, #SocialStudies, #OnThisDay, #OnThisDayInHistory #sscha #SocialStudies #OnThisDay #civics

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On January 28, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson nominated Louis D. Brandeis to the United States Supreme Court. On June 1, 1916, the Senate confirmed his nomination by a vote of 47-22, and he served on the Court until February 13, 1939. Justice Brandeis was the first Jewish Supreme Court Justice. Learn more about him by listening to an interview with Melvin Urofsky, author of “Louis Brandeis: A Life”-- https://goo.gl/YldFvB. #OnThisDay #OnThisDayInHistory #sschat #SocialStudies #SCOTUS

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On May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ordered public schools to integrate stating, “in the field of public education, the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” On May 31, 1955, the Supreme Court revisited integrating the schools to determine how to facilitate the transition. The Court held that school authorities had primary responsibility to implement the changes, and ordered the lower courts to maintain jurisdiction to insure the transition occurred "at the earliest practicable date." Read the entire decision at http://goo.gl/SBNIM0. #sschat #SocialStudies #OnThisDate #SCOTUS

In 1912, Beys Afroyim immigrated to the United States and became a naturalized citizen in 1926. In 1950 he went to Israel, and the following year, voted in their elections. When he tried to renew his passport in 1960, the State Department refused his request, citing the Nationality Act of 1940. That Act stripped Americans of their citizenship if they voted in foreign elections. Afroyim sued the Secretary of State alleging that it was a violation of the 5th and 14th Amendments to annul his citizenship, which he hadn’t renounced. The United States Supreme Court agreed (in a 5-4 decision). Justice Black, writing for the majority of the Court on May 29, 1967, explained-- the government had no legal authority to “rob a citizen of his citizenship.” The opinion quotes Former Chief Justice Marshall who once said—Congress enjoys the “power to confer citizenship, not a power to take it away."
#sschat #SocialStudies #civics #SCOTUS #OnThisDate #Games4Ed

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On May 28, 1982, Ishmael Jaffree filed a complaint on behalf of his children against teachers, administrators and school board officials in Mobile, Alabama. The complaint alleged that his children were "subjected to various acts of religious indoctrination" at their public school. At issue was an Alabama law that had the express purpose of bringing "meditation or voluntary prayer" back into the public schools. A lower court found that the establishment clause of the first amendment imposed no restraint on a state establishing a religion. The U.S. Supreme Court disagreed. Justice Stevens, writing for the majority in Wallace v. Jaffree stated, “the government must pursue a course of complete neutrality toward religion.” Learn more about this case at https://goo.gl/vL3xwo.
#civics   #SocialStudies   #OnThisDate   #sschat   #SCOTUS  
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